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1.
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes ; 14: 3617-3626, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34408458

RESUMO

Purpose: Burn injury with pre-existing diabetes has poorer outcomes and complications. Balance and functional mobility are disturbed in diabetic patients with burn injury which increase the risk of total morbidity. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the impact of vibrational training as an additional intervention on postural balance, balance confidence and functional mobility in type 2 diabetic patients with lower limb burn injury. Patients and Methods: Thirty-eight type 2 diabetic patients of both sexes with healed lower limb burn were randomly assigned into two equal groups: the vibration group and the control group. The vibration group received whole body vibration (WBV), 3 sessions a week for 8 weeks, in addition to the selected exercise program (balance exercises and resisted exercises), while the control group only received the selected exercise program. Biodex Balance System was used to assess the dynamic balance score, the Activities-specific Balance Scale to assess balance confidence and the timed up and go test to assess the functional mobility. All measurements were obtained before and at the end of the study after 8 weeks of treatment. Results: Marked improvement in all dynamic balance indices; overall stability index, antero-posterior stability index and medio-lateral stability index, balance confidence and the functional mobility were obtained in both the vibration and the control groups (P< 0.05), whereas post-treatment comparison between groups revealed a statistically significant difference in favor of the vibration group in all measured variables. Conclusion: Based on the results of the current study, it is possible to conclude that adding WBV training for an 8-week duration to a selected exercise program (balancing and resisted exercises) seems to be effective; in improving postural balance, balance confidence, as well as improving the functional mobility in type 2 diabetic patients with lower limb burn injury.

2.
Burns ; 2021 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34016485

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The cardio-respiratory function is compromised in children recovering from burns, particularly, those who sustain a burn injury across the chest, which leads to further prejudicial effects on physical and psychosocial health. This study endeavored to explore the efficacy of 12 weeks of graded aerobic exercise (GAEx) on the cardiorespiratory capacity and physical and psychosocial functioning in children with burn sequelae of the chest. METHODS: Thirty-six burn-injured children aged 10-18 years (%TBSA: 24.2 ± 4.9, and 38.8 ± 12.9 months since injury) were randomly assigned to GAEx group (n = 18; undergone a 12-week intensity- and time-graded aerobic exercise program plus standard rehabilitation) or control group (n = 18; received the standard rehabilitation only). The cardio-respiratory fitness [marked by the peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak), minute ventilation (VE), ventilatory equivalent of inhaled oxygen (VEq/VO2), oxygen pulse (O2P), respiratory exchange ratio (RER), maximum heart rate (HRmax), and the heart rate recovery at one minute (HRR1)] and physical and psychosocial functioning were assessed pre- and post-intervention. RESULTS: Children in the GAEx group showed significant increases in VO2peak (P = 0.013), VE (P = 0.026), O2P (P = 0.034), HRmax (P = 0.035), and HRR1 (P = 0.04) and declines in VEq/VO2 (P = 0.009) and RER (P = 0.011) as compared to the control group. Additionally, the GAEx group reported higher physical (P = 0.029) and psychosocial (P = 0.012) functioning. CONCLUSION: Twelve weeks of GAEx has salutary effects on cardio-respiratory capacity and physical and psychosocial functioning in children with burn sequelae of the chest. These findings suggest that adding GAEx as a complementary therapy to the long-term rehabilitation protocol for this patient population is worthwhile.

4.
Burns ; 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33849715

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Burns to the thorax are at high risk for long-term pulmonary complications due to chest muscle contractures and chronic inflammation in both adolescents and young adults. Few studies have investigated the effects of arm cycling exercise in those individuals. For that reason, this study examined pulmonary function, functional capacity, and quality of life (QOL) in adolescents with thoracic burns subsequent to 2-month arm cycling exercise programme. METHODS: A single-blinded, two-month randomized prospective controlled study was carried out between July 2019 and March 2020 on thirty adolescents with chest burns aged 11-17 years. They were randomized into two equal groups (n = 15), traditional physiotherapy programme (control group), and arm cycling exercise plus traditonal physiotherapy (arm cycling exercise group) for 2 consecutive months. Forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), six-minute walk test (6MWT), and Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) were measured in both groups at baseline and after 2-month after intervention. RESULTS: No statistical significance was detected at baseline between control and arm cycling exercise groups (FVC, p = 0.903, FEV1, p = 0.835, 6MWT, p = 0.817, and PedsQL, p = 0.612). 2 months after intervention showed statistical improvements in the arm cycling exercise group in all measures (FVC, p = 0.001, FEV1, p < 0.0001, 6MWT, p = 0.001, and PedsQL, p = 0.001) however, the control group showed statistical improvements in FVC, p = 0.044 and FEV1, p = 0.024 with non-statistically significant changes in 6MWT, p = 0.145 and PedsQL, p = 0.067. The arm cycling exercise group showed greater improvements than control group in the outcome measures (FVC, p = 0.034, FEV1, p < 0.017, 6MWT, p = 0.037, and PedsQL, p = 0.021). CONCLUSIONS: This prospective study clearly demonstrated positive and beneficial influences of two-month arm cycling exercise in the optimization of pulmonary functions, functional performance, and QOL in adolescents suffering from chest burns and thereby eliminating post-burn complications.

5.
Dis Markers ; 2021: 8866093, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33628339

RESUMO

Sarcopenia is the most common feature of hepatic cirrhosis characterized by progressive loss of muscle mass and function and increases permanently the mortality and morbidity rates among those patients. The incidence of sarcopenia in cirrhotic patients ranged 40-70% associating with impaired quality of life and augmented rates of infection. Based on these issues, this review is aimed at determining the prevalence and main causes of sarcopenia among cirrhotic patients and recognizing the recent diagnostic and physical treatment modalities that prevent risk factors for sarcopenia in those patients. No ideal modality is currently demonstrated for diagnosing sarcopenia in hepatic diseases, particularly cirrhosis; however, recent studies reported different diagnostic modalities for muscle function in different individuals including handgrip strength, skeletal muscle index, six-min walk test, liver frailty index, short physical performance battery, and radiological assessments for quadriceps and psoas muscles. Exercise training and therapeutic nutrition are strongly recommended for controlling sarcopenia in cirrhotic patients. The exercise program is designed and carried out on a frequent basis within an extensive scheduled time aimed at improving functional performance, aerobic capacity, and healthy conditions. Finally, a combination of exercise training and therapeutic nutrition is powerfully recommended to control sarcopenia in cirrhosis.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Cirrose Hepática/terapia , Fígado/patologia , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Terapia Nutricional/métodos , Sarcopenia/terapia , Feminino , Força da Mão/fisiologia , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Testes de Função Hepática , Masculino , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Sarcopenia/complicações , Sarcopenia/diagnóstico , Sarcopenia/patologia , Fatores Sexuais
6.
Complement Ther Med ; 57: 102673, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33508442

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation over the acupuncture points (Acu-TENS) on total serum immunoglobulin E (IgEtotal), pulmonary function, and quality of life in adolescents with asthma. METHODS: In a double-blind randomized clinical trial, 32 adolescents (age; 12-16 years) with asthma participated and were assigned randomly to receive either the breathing retraining program (control group) or the breathing retraining program plus Acu-TENS application (Acu-TENS group). Acu-TENS was applied for 40 min' day-after-day session for two successive months, with no side-effects reported. Serum IgEtotal, pulmonary function [forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume at one second (FEV1), and FEV1/FVC], and quality of life were evaluated pre- and post-treatment. RESULTS: Serum IgEtotal (P = 0.028, ηp2 = 0.15), Pulmonary function [FVC (P = 0.043, ηp2 = 0.13), FEV1 (P = .046, ηp2 = 0.12)], and quality of life (P < .001, ηp2 = 0.17) increased significantly in the Acu-TENS group when compared to the control group. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that the Acu-TENS is an impending asthma treatment that may be used to reinforce the immune system response, ameliorate lung function, and increase the quality of life in adolescents with asthma.


Assuntos
Asma , Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea , Pontos de Acupuntura , Adolescente , Asma/terapia , Criança , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida
7.
Burns ; 47(3): 587-593, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Both diabetes mellitus (DM) and burn injuries lead to physical and psychological impairments. Foot burns are still a challenging health condition because of its important sensory role. No previous studies have assessed the physical therapy intervention on diabetic patients with foot burns. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the potential efficacy of sensorimotor exercise on pain, proprioception, mobility, balance, and quality of life in diabetic patients with foot burns. METHODS: Between July 2019 and February 2020, thirty-three diabetic patients with foot burns, aged 32 to 46yrs, were enrolled in this randomized control study, and randomized consecutively into two groups, study group (n=16) and control group (n=17). The study group underwent a sensorimotor exercise program thrice a week for 12 consecutive weeks, however the control group did not undergo the exercise intervention. Both groups were instructed to conduct home exercises. Visual analogue scale (VAS), proprioceptive responses, time-up and go (TUG) values, and short form-36 (SF-36) have been assessed prior and subsequent to the study intervention. RESULTS: No significant differences were observed between groups regarding baseline data (p˃0.05). Subsequent to 12wk intervention, the study group showed significant improvements in outcome measures (proprioceptive responses, p˂0.05, VAS, p˂0.001, TUG, p=0.003, and SF-36, p˂0.001) and the control group exhibited significant changes in VAS and SF-36 (p=0.004, p=0.043 respectively) however, no significant changes were found in proprioceptive responses and TUG values (p˃0.05). Between groups, the post-intervention comparison demonstrated statistical differences with tending toward the study group (proprioceptive responses, p˂0.05, VAS, p˂0.001, TUG, p=0.013, and SF-36, p=0.046). CONCLUSIONS: Sensorimotor exercise training may improve, pain, proprioceptive responses, mobility, balance, and quality of life in diabetic patients with foot burns. Physiotherapists and rehabilitation providers should include the sensorimotor exercise in their protocols in the treatment of diabetic patients with foot burns.


Assuntos
Queimaduras/complicações , Terapia por Exercício/normas , Traumatismos do Pé/complicações , Córtex Sensório-Motor/lesões , Adulto , Queimaduras/fisiopatologia , Diabetes Mellitus/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus/fisiopatologia , Deambulação Precoce/métodos , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Terapia por Exercício/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Pé/fisiopatologia , Traumatismos do Pé/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Manejo da Dor/normas , Manejo da Dor/estatística & dados numéricos , Medição da Dor , Propriocepção/fisiologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Córtex Sensório-Motor/fisiopatologia , Método Simples-Cego , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Clin Rheumatol ; 40(1): 245-253, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32514677

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most prevalent rheumatic disease in children. The core stability exercises ensure proper muscular strength and balance around the lumbo-pelvic-hip complex. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated whether the use of core stability exercises would increase the effectiveness of conventional physical therapy (PT) in enhancing bone mineralization and improving functional capacity in children with polyarticular JIA. METHODS: Thirty-three children with polyarticular JIA (age; 10-14 years) assigned randomly into two groups: the control group (n = 16) received the conventional PT, and the study group (n = 17) received the core stability exercises in addition to the same conventional PT program. Both core stability and conventional PT exercises continued for 3 months. The measures of bone mineralization and functional ability were investigated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) device and 6-min walk test (6MWT), respectively, at baseline and immediately post-treatment. RESULTS: Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) revealed significant differences between groups in favor of the study group regarding measures of bone mineralization of lumbar spine and femoral neck regions as P < 0.05, except for volumetric bone mineral density of lumbar spine the P > 0.05. There was a significant difference between the two groups concerning functional capacity measured in 6MWT (P < 0.05), where children in the study group walked 531.71 ± 90.59 m compared with the control group 509.31 ± 73.10 m. CONCLUSION: Core stability exercises are an effective adjunctive therapy to enhance bone health status and improve functional capacity in children with polyarticular JIA. Key Points • In addition to conventional physical therapy, core stability exercises had a definite effect on improving bone health status and quality of life in children with polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis. • Improved bone mineralization and functional capacity due to core stability exercises contain two parts: strengthening training and controlling equilibrium.


Assuntos
Artrite Juvenil , Absorciometria de Fóton , Adolescente , Artrite Juvenil/terapia , Densidade Óssea , Calcificação Fisiológica , Criança , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(51): e23555, 2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33371083

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Isokinetic training (IKT) and core stabilization training (CST) are commonly used for balance training in musculoskeletal conditions. The knowledge about the effective implementation of these training protocols on radiological and biochemical effects in university football players with chronic low back pain (LBP) is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To find and compare the effects of isokinetic training and CST on radiological and biochemical effects in university football players with chronic LBP. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blinded controlled study. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 60 LBP participants were randomized into isokinetic group (IKT; n = 20), core stabilization group (CST; n = 20) and the control group (n = 20) and received respective exercises for 4 weeks. OUTCOME MEASURES: Radiological (muscle cross sectional area & muscle thickness) and biochemical (C-reactive protein, tumor necrosis factor -α, interleukin [IL]-2, IL-4, IL-6) values were measured at baseline and after 4 weeks (immediate effect). RESULTS: The reports of the IKT, CST and control group were compared between the groups. Four weeks following training IKT group shows more significant changes in muscle cross sectional area (Psoas Major, Quadratus Lumborum, Multifidus and Erector Spinae muscles) and muscle thickness (Multifidus) than CST and control groups (p < 0.001). Biochemical measures such as C-reactive protein, tumor necrosis factor -α, IL-2, IL-4 and IL-6 also show significant improvement in IKT group than the other 2 groups (P < .001). CONCLUSION: Training through Isokinetic is an effective treatment program than conventional exercise programs in the aspect of radiological and biochemical analysis in university football players with chronic LBP, which may also help to prevent further injury. The present study can be used to improve the physical therapist's knowledge and clinical decision skills on LBP in football players.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Dor Lombar/terapia , Futebol , Adolescente , Adulto , Doença Crônica , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Medição da Dor , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33178306

RESUMO

Objectives: Chronic nonspecific low back pain (chronic nsLBP) is one of the most common musculoskeletal disorders leading to disabilities and physical inactivity. Laser therapy was used in chronic nsLBP treatment; however, no previous studies have assessed the impacts of high-intensity laser therapy (HILT) versus low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on chronic nsLBP. This study compared the effects of HILT versus LLLT on individuals suffering from chronic nsLBP. Methods: The study was a randomized control trial. Sixty individuals with chronic nsLBP were enrolled in this study between May and November 2019. All participants were clinically diagnosed with chronic nsLBP. They were assigned randomly into three groups, 20 in each group. The first group received a program of LLLT, the second group received a program of HILT, and the third did not receive laser therapy (control group). Pain severity, disability, lumbar mobility, and quality of life were assessed before and after 12-week intervention. Results: Both LLLT and HILT groups showed a significant improvement of the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), visual analogue scale (VAS), lumbar range of motion (ROM), and European Quality of Life (EuroQol) scores (p > 0.05), while the control group did not show significant changes (p > 0.05). Comparison among the three study groups postintervention showed significant differences in the outcome measures (p > 0.05), while comparison between the LLLT and HILT groups showed nonsignificant differences (p > 0.05). Conclusion: There are no different influences of LLLT versus HILT on chronic nsLBP patients. Both LLLT and HILT reduce pain and disability and improve lumbar mobility and quality of life in chronic nsLBP patients.

11.
Dis Markers ; 2020: 8829373, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32963638

RESUMO

Objectives: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a birth defect affecting the respiratory functions, functional performance, and quality of life (QOL) in school-aged children. Rarely have studies been conducted to evaluate the impacts of respiratory muscle training on school-aged children with postoperative CDH. The current study was designed to evaluate the impacts of respiratory muscle training on respiratory function, maximal exercise capacity, functional performance, and QOL in these children. Methods: This study is a randomized control study. 40 children with CDH (age: 9-11 years) were assigned randomly into two groups. The first group conducted an incentive spirometer exercise combined with inspiratory muscle training (study group, n = 20), whereas the second group conducted only incentive spirometer exercise (control group, n = 20), thrice weekly for twelve consecutive weeks. Respiratory functions, maximal exercise capacity, functional performance, and pediatric quality of life inventory (PedsQL) were assessed before and after the treatment program. Results. Regarding the posttreatment analysis, the study group showed significant improvements in all outcome measures (FVC%, p < 0.001; FEV1%, p = 0.002; VO2max, p = 0.008; VE/VCO2 slope, p = 0.002; 6-MWT, p < 0.001; and PedsQL, p < 0.001), whereas the control group did not show significant changes (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Respiratory muscle training may improve respiratory functions, maximal exercise capacities, functional performance, and QOL in children with postoperative CDH. Clinical commendations have to be considered to include respiratory muscle training in pulmonary rehabilitation programs in children with a history of CDH.


Assuntos
Exercícios Respiratórios/métodos , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Hérnias Diafragmáticas Congênitas/reabilitação , Hérnias Diafragmáticas Congênitas/cirurgia , Espirometria/instrumentação , Criança , Terapia Combinada , Tolerância ao Exercício , Feminino , Hérnias Diafragmáticas Congênitas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e22098, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899089

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic non-specific low back pain (LBP) is gradually increasing among populations worldwide and affects their activities. Recently, the Nd:YAG laser has been presented in the rehabilitation field. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to explore the short-term effects of the Nd:YAG laser on chronic non-specific LBP individuals. METHODS: Thirty-five individuals with chronic nonspecific LBP were included in the study from December 2019 to March 2020. Randomly, they were categorized to Nd:YAG group (n = 18) and sham laser as a control (n = 17) thrice weekly for a 6-week intervention. Modified Oswestry disability index (MODI), pain disability index (PDI), visual analogue scale (VAS), and lumbar flexion range of motion (ROM) have been assessed pre and post-6 weeks of the intervention. RESULTS: Significant improvements were observed in the Nd:YAG group (MODI, P < .001; PDI, P = .007; VAS, P < .001; lumbar ROM, P = .002), whereas the sham group showed no significant changes (MODI, P = .451; PDI, P = .339; VAS, P = .107; lumbar ROM, P = .296) after 6-week intervention. Between-group comparisons showed significant differences in tending toward the Nd:YAG group (MODI, P < .001; PDI, P = .046; VAS, P < .001; lumbar ROM, P = .003). CONCLUSIONS: Regarding the present study outcomes, short-term pulsed Nd:YAG laser (6 weeks) may reduce functional disabilities and pain intensity, and improve the lumbar flexion ROM in patients with chronic nonspecific LBP. Further well-designed randomized controlled studies with large sample sizes should be conducted regarding laser treatment.


Assuntos
Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Dor Lombar/radioterapia , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/métodos , Adulto , Doença Crônica , Avaliação da Deficiência , Humanos , Lasers de Estado Sólido/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Estudos Prospectivos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Método Simples-Cego
13.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 5036585, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32626744

RESUMO

Objective: This work is aimed at assessing the effects of inspiratory muscle training on lung functions, inspiratory muscle strength, and aerobic capacity in diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Methods: A randomized control study was performed on 55 patients diagnosed with DPN and OSA. They were assigned to the training group (IMT, n = 28) and placebo training group (P-IMT, n = 27). Inspiratory muscle strength, lung functions, and aerobic capacity were evaluated before and after 12 weeks postintervention. An electronic inspiratory muscle trainer was conducted, 30 min a session, three times a week for 12 consecutive weeks. Results: From seventy-four patients, 55 have completed the study program. A significant improvement was observed in inspiratory muscle strength (p < 0.05) in the IMT group while no changes were observed in the P-IMT group (p > 0.05). No changes were observed in the lung function in the two groups (p > 0.05). Also, VO2max and VCO2max changed significantly after training in the IMT group (p < 0.05) while no changes were observed in the P-IMT group (p > 0.05). Other cardiopulmonary exercise tests did not show any significant change in both groups (p > 0.05). Conclusions: Based on the outcomes of the study, it was found that inspiratory muscle training improves inspiratory muscle strength and aerobic capacity without a notable effect on lung functions for diabetic patients suffering from DPN and OSA.


Assuntos
Exercícios Respiratórios , Neuropatias Diabéticas , Músculos Respiratórios/fisiologia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Idoso , Neuropatias Diabéticas/complicações , Neuropatias Diabéticas/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Força Muscular/fisiologia , Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/complicações , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/terapia
14.
J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact ; 20(2): 256-264, 2020 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32481241

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated whether the use of kinesio taping (KT) would enhance the effect of physical therapy in relieving pain, improving muscle endurance, and boosting functional capacity in adolescents with hemophilia who experience low back pain. METHODS: Forty-five adolescents with hemophilia (age; 10-13 years) assigned randomly into three treatment arms; KT applied paraspinal alongside a physical exercise program conducted three times/week for three successive months (KT group; n=15), placebo taping plus physical exercise (Placebo group; n=15), or physical exercise only (Control group; n=15). Lower back pain, back muscle endurance, and functional capacity assessed pre- and post-treatment. RESULTS: Lower back pain reduced significantly in the KT group as compared to the control group (P=.001), but not to the placebo group (P=.19). Back muscle endurance increased significantly in the KT group relative to either the placebo (P=.004) or the control group (P=.043). Additionally, functional capacity improved significantly in the KT group as compared to the control (P=.039) group but not to the placebo group (P=.58). CONCLUSION: KT is an effective adjunctive therapy to reduce lower back pain, improve back muscle endurance, and enhance functional capacity in adolescents with hemophilia.


Assuntos
Fita Atlética , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Hemofilia A/complicações , Dor Lombar/terapia , Resistência Física/fisiologia , Adolescente , Músculos do Dorso/fisiologia , Criança , Humanos , Dor Lombar/etiologia , Masculino
15.
Clin Rheumatol ; 39(10): 3091-3097, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32300897

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diabetic neuropathy (DN) is a common and serious complication of diabetes. DN patients are suffering from anxiety, depression, and impairment of functional capacity. Rare studies have assessed the effect of proprioceptive exercise training on anxiety, depression, and functional capacity in DN patients. AIMS: This 2-month prospective study aims to investigate the effect of proprioceptive exercise training on anxiety, depression, and functional capacity in DN patients. METHODS: Twenty-eight DN patients with a mean age of 53.2 ± 5.5 years were included in this prospective study between September and December 2019. They were randomly assigned into two groups, 14 in each group using a random number generator. The proprioceptive exercise group (PEG) received a program of proprioceptive exercise, while the control group (CG) received a conventional treatment without exercise intervention. Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Six-Minute Walk Test (6MWT), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) were investigated before and after 2 months of the study period. RESULTS: The findings showed a significant improvement of the BBS, 6MWT, BAI, and HDRS in the PEG (p = 0.003, p < 0.001, p = 0.001, and p = 0.001, respectively) while non-significant changes in the CG (p > 0.05). Comparison between the two groups showed significant differences between the two groups in the all outcome measures in favor of the PEG at the end of the 2 months (BBS, p = 0.032; 6MWT, p = 0.001; BAI, p = 0.031; and HDRS, p = 0.013). CONCLUSIONS: Two months of proprioceptive exercise may improve functional capacity, anxiety, and depression in DN patients. Serious recommendations should be devoted to encouraging the proprioceptive exercise training among different population, especially DN patients. Key Points • Proprioceptive exercise may improve postural stability in patients with diabetic neuropathy. • Proprioceptive exercise may improve psychological status and functional capacity in patients with diabetic neuropathy. • Serious recommendations should be devoted to encouraging the proprioceptive exercise training among diabetic patients.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Neuropatias Diabéticas , Ansiedade/terapia , Depressão/terapia , Neuropatias Diabéticas/complicações , Neuropatias Diabéticas/terapia , Exercício Físico , Terapia por Exercício , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
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