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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e219342, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1253927

RESUMO

Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the microtensile bond strength (µTBS) and the characteristics of the adhesive interface of Scotchbond Universal - SU ­ etch-and-rise mode (3M ESPE) and Adper Scotchbond Multi-Purpose - MP (3M ESPE) to dentin over time. Methods: Class I cavity preparations were performed in 60 human molars that were randomly divided according to the dentin bonding system (DBS) used (n=30): (1) Acid conditioning + SU and (2) Acid conditioning + MP. For bonding strength (BS) analysis, 30 teeth (n = 15) were sectioned into sticks and submitted to the microtensile test in a universal testing machine after 24 hours and 12 months. The adhesive interface of the others 30 teeth was analyzed in a confocal microscope after 24 hours and 12 months. The data of µTBS were analyzed by two-way repeated measures ANOVA and Tukey's HSD (α = 0.05). Results: SU presented the lowest DBS compared to MP (p=0.000). Time did not influenced DBS for both adhesive systems (p=0.177). Confocal microscopy analysis showed no cracks between both adhesive systems tested. Conclusion: The results indicate that MP - µTBS showed a better performance compared to SU in total-etch mode


Assuntos
Humanos , Adesivos Dentinários , Microscopia Confocal , Dentina , Metacrilatos
2.
Braz Dent J ; 31(3): 244-251, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32667520

RESUMO

This in vitro study evaluated cell viability and metabolism, nitric oxide release and production of two chemokines and one cytokine by cultured human dental pulp fibroblasts (HDPF) in contact with two glass ionomer cements (Ketac Molar-KM and Vitrebond-VB), Single Bond (SB) and calcium hydroxide (Dycal-DY). Cultures of HDPF were established by means of an explant technique. The specimens were prepared under sterile conditions and in disks measuring 5 mm x 2 mm obtained from a prefabricated mold and placed on a permeable membrane to avoid direct contact with the cells. Cytotoxicity was assessed by Trypan Blue exclusion method and 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Nitric oxide release in cell supernatant was detected by the Griess Method whereas stromal derived factor-1 alpha (SDF-1α or CXCL12), chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 8 [Interleukin 8 (IL-8 or CXCL8)] and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were detected by ELISA. RT-qPCR was employed for gene expression analysis. Statistical analyses were performed by One-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's post hoc test for materials independent of the time, and Two-way ANOVA followed by Bonferroni correction test for the comparisons between materials and experimental time (p<0.05). Cytotoxic tests showed significant differences only for DY. Protein levels and mRNA expression were significantly increased for IL-8 for both periods of time. IL-6 production increased when fibroblasts were stimulated by KM. SDF-1α protein production and mRNA expression were not affected by any of the materials. There was a decrease in nitrate/nitrite levels only for KM. Although DY caused intense cell death and did not stimulate the production of the inflammatory mediators evaluated in this work, it is known that this event seems to be fundamental for the process of repair of the pulp tissue and formation of mineralized barrier. KM and VB increased production of proteins related to the inflammatory process, thus favoring tissue repair. Therefore, although these glass ionomer cements did not lead to large cell death, they should be used with caution.


Assuntos
Capeamento da Polpa Dentária , Polpa Dentária , Fibroblastos , Humanos
3.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(3): 244-251, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1132303

RESUMO

Abstract This in vitro study evaluated cell viability and metabolism, nitric oxide release and production of two chemokines and one cytokine by cultured human dental pulp fibroblasts (HDPF) in contact with two glass ionomer cements (Ketac Molar-KM and Vitrebond-VB), Single Bond (SB) and calcium hydroxide (Dycal-DY). Cultures of HDPF were established by means of an explant technique. The specimens were prepared under sterile conditions and in disks measuring 5 mm x 2 mm obtained from a prefabricated mold and placed on a permeable membrane to avoid direct contact with the cells. Cytotoxicity was assessed by Trypan Blue exclusion method and 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Nitric oxide release in cell supernatant was detected by the Griess Method whereas stromal derived factor-1 alpha (SDF-1α or CXCL12), chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 8 [Interleukin 8 (IL-8 or CXCL8)] and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were detected by ELISA. RT-qPCR was employed for gene expression analysis. Statistical analyses were performed by One-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's post hoc test for materials independent of the time, and Two-way ANOVA followed by Bonferroni correction test for the comparisons between materials and experimental time (p<0.05). Cytotoxic tests showed significant differences only for DY. Protein levels and mRNA expression were significantly increased for IL-8 for both periods of time. IL-6 production increased when fibroblasts were stimulated by KM. SDF-1α protein production and mRNA expression were not affected by any of the materials. There was a decrease in nitrate/nitrite levels only for KM. Although DY caused intense cell death and did not stimulate the production of the inflammatory mediators evaluated in this work, it is known that this event seems to be fundamental for the process of repair of the pulp tissue and formation of mineralized barrier. KM and VB increased production of proteins related to the inflammatory process, thus favoring tissue repair. Therefore, although these glass ionomer cements did not lead to large cell death, they should be used with caution.


Resumo Este estudo avalia in vitro a viabilidade e metabolismo celular, a liberação de óxido nítrico e a produção de duas quimiocinas e uma citocina por fibroblastos de polpa dentária humana em cultura (FPDH) em contato com dois cimentos de ionômero de vidro (Ketac Molar-KM e Vitrebond-VB), Single Bond (SB) e hidróxido de cálcio (Dycal-DY). As culturas de FPDH foram estabelecidas por meio de uma técnica de explante. As amostras foram preparadas em condições estéreis e em discos de 5 mm x 2 mm, obtidas de um molde pré-fabricado e colocadas em uma membrana permeável (Maxicell 24 W 0,4 µm) para evitar o contato direto com as células. A citotoxicidade foi avaliada pelo método de exclusão de Trypan Blue e pelo ensaio de MTT. A liberação de óxido nítrico no sobrenadante celular foi detectada pelo método Griess, enquanto fator 1 derivado do estroma (SDF-1α ou CXCL12), interleucina-8 (IL-8 ou CXCL8) and interleucina-6 (IL-6) foram detectados por ELISA. RT-qPCR foi empregada para análise de expressão gênica. As análises estatísticas foram realizadas por ANOVA a 1 critério, seguida pelo pós-teste de Tukey para os materiais independentes do tempo, e ANOVA a 2 critérios, seguida pelo teste de correção de Bonferroni para comparações entre materiais e tempo experimental (p<0,05). Os testes citotóxicos mostraram diferenças significativas apenas para DY. Os níveis da proteína e a expressão de RNAm para IL-8 aumentaram significativamente para ambos os tempos estudados. A produção de IL-6 aumentou quando os fibroblastos foram estimulados por KM. A produção da proteína e a expressão de RNAm para SDF-1α não foram afetadas por nenhum dos materiais. Houve uma diminuição nos níveis de nitrato/nitrito apenas para KM. Embora o DY tenha causado intensa morte celular e não tenha estimulado a produção dos mediadores inflamatórios avaliados neste trabalho, sabe-se que esse evento parece ser fundamental para o processo de reparo do tecido pulpar e formação de barreira mineralizada. Os cimentos de ionômero de vidro utilizados aumentaram a produção de proteínas relacionadas ao processo inflamatório, favorecendo a reparação tecidual e, portanto, esses materiais, embora não causem grande morte celular, devem ser utilizados com cautela.

4.
Rev. Salusvita (Online) ; 38(4): 1001-1017, 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1117700

RESUMO

Introdução: o conhecimento da importância dos cuidados em saúde bucal é deficiente em âmbito escolar, ressalta-se que jovens capacitados, partilham o aprendizado assumindo papel importante na sociedade. Objetivos: capacitação de estudantes para difusão do conhecimento sobre cuidados em saúde bucal. Os temas de higienização dentária/prótese dentária e/ou implantossuportadadas e manejo após o traumatismo dentário foram abordados em escola pública. Métodos: Inicialmente, houve avaliação do conhecimento prévio dos alunos (n=25) por meio de questionários de saúde bucal, os questionários (GOHAI, higienização oral e de prótese dentária e manejo de traumatismo dentário) foram aplicados na sala de aula com supervisão. Em um próximo momento houve o treinamento dos discentes por palestras e material didático. Finalmente, após 2 meses do ciclo de formação os questionários foram aplicados novamente. Os dados foram tabulados e e análise estatística considerou o valor significativo para p<0,05, a fim de verificar o conhecimento adquirido durante o treinamento de todos os estudantes. Resultados: Identificou se pós-oficina que os jovens estavam mais satisfeitos com a aparência da boca (p<0,05). Nos questionários de higienização de próteses dentárias houve a conscientização do tempo para substituição das mesmas. Para o reimplante dentário, houve significativa percepção dos alunos como possibilidade de terapia real (p=0,016), após a realização das oficinas. Conclusão: com base nos dados, a proposta de promoção em saúde bucal para os adolescentes foi eficiente, e mais eventos (oficinas) com esta finalidade devem ser realizados em escolas de ensino médio.


Introduction: the knowledge of the importance of oral health care is deficient in the school environment, it is emphasized that empowered young people share learning, assuming an important role in society. Objectives: This study aimed to enable the training of students to disseminate knowledge about oral health care. The subjects of dental hygiene / dental prosthesis and / or implant supported and management after dental trauma were addressed in a public school. Methods: Initially, the students' prior knowledge (n = 25) was assessed through oral health questionnaires, the questionnaires (GOHAI, oral and dental hygiene and dental trauma management) were applied in the classroom with supervision. In a next moment there was the training of the students by lectures and didactic material. Finally, after 2 months of the training cycle, the questionnaires were applied again. Data were tabulated and statistical analysis considered the value significant for p students. Results: It was identified after the workshop that young people were more satisfied with the appearance of the mouth (p<0,05).In the dental prosthesis cleaning questionnaires, there was a time awareness for their replacement. For dental replantation, there was significant perception of students as a possibility of real therapy (p = 0.016), after the workshops. Conclusion: Based on the data, the proposal for oral health promotion for adolescents was efficient, and more events (workshops) for this purpose should be held in high schools.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Saúde Bucal , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Fatores de Tempo , Avulsão Dentária , Reimplante Dentário , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários , Traumatismos Dentários/cirurgia , Dentição , Emoções , Aparência Física
5.
Braz Dent J ; 29(5): 419-426, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30517439

RESUMO

This study evaluated in vitro cell viability and metabolism, nitric oxide release and production of chemokines by cultured human dental pulp fibroblasts (DPF) under contact with HEMA and Single Bond. Cultures of DPF were established by means of an explant technique. Once plated, cells were kept under contact with increasing concentrations of HEMA (10, 100 and 1000 nM) or Single Bond (SB) [10-fold serially diluted in culture medium (10-4, 10-3 and 10-2 v/v)] and also with polymerized SB components. Cytotoxicity was assessed by Trypan Blue exclusion method and MTT [3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide] assay. Nitric oxide release on cell supernatant was detected by Griess Method whereas chemokines (CXCL12 and CXCL8) were detected by ELISA. RT-qPCR was employed for chemokines gene expression analysis. Cytotoxic tests showed significant differences for SB 10-2. None of the tested materials significantly altered NO levels. Protein levels of CXCL12 were significantly decreased only by HEMA. On the other hand, while CXCL12 mRNA remained unaltered, gene expression of CXCL8 had significant decrease with all materials, except for polymerized SB. In conclusion, Single Bond and HEMA at various concentrations, decreased expression and production of molecules involved in inflammatory processes and, therefore, the use of adhesive systems such as pulp capping materials must be viewed with caution due to its large cytotoxic effect when in close contact with the pulp.


Assuntos
Bis-Fenol A-Glicidil Metacrilato/farmacologia , Polpa Dentária/citologia , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Metacrilatos/farmacologia , Sobrevivência Celular , Células Cultivadas , Quimiocinas/metabolismo , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Teste de Materiais , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
6.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(5): 419-426, Sept.-Oct. 2018. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-974185

RESUMO

Abstract This study evaluated in vitro cell viability and metabolism, nitric oxide release and production of chemokines by cultured human dental pulp fibroblasts (DPF) under contact with HEMA and Single Bond. Cultures of DPF were established by means of an explant technique. Once plated, cells were kept under contact with increasing concentrations of HEMA (10, 100 and 1000 nM) or Single Bond (SB) [10-fold serially diluted in culture medium (10-4, 10-3 and 10-2 v/v)] and also with polymerized SB components. Cytotoxicity was assessed by Trypan Blue exclusion method and MTT [3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide] assay. Nitric oxide release on cell supernatant was detected by Griess Method whereas chemokines (CXCL12 and CXCL8) were detected by ELISA. RT-qPCR was employed for chemokines gene expression analysis. Cytotoxic tests showed significant differences for SB 10-2. None of the tested materials significantly altered NO levels. Protein levels of CXCL12 were significantly decreased only by HEMA. On the other hand, while CXCL12 mRNA remained unaltered, gene expression of CXCL8 had significant decrease with all materials, except for polymerized SB. In conclusion, Single Bond and HEMA at various concentrations, decreased expression and production of molecules involved in inflammatory processes and, therefore, the use of adhesive systems such as pulp capping materials must be viewed with caution due to its large cytotoxic effect when in close contact with the pulp.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou in vitro a viabilidade e metabolismo celular, liberação de óxido nítrico e produção de quimiocinas em cultura de fibroblastos de polpa dental humana (DPF) em contato com HEMA e Single Bond. Culturas de DPF foram estabelecidas por meio de uma técnica de explante. Uma vez plaqueadas, as células foram mantidas em contato com concentrações crescentes de HEMA (10, 100 e 1000 nM) ou Single Bond (SB) [10 vezes diluídas em série em meio de cultura (10-4, 10-3 e 10-2 v/v)] e também com SB polimerizado. A citotoxicidade foi avaliada pelo método de exclusão de Trypan Blue e pelo ensaio de 3-(4,5-dimetiltiazol-2-il)-2,5-difeniltetrazólio brometo (MTT). A liberação de óxido nítrico no sobrenadante celular foi detectada pelo método de Griess, enquanto as quimiocinas (CXCL12 e CXCL8) foram detectadas por ELISA. RT-qPCR foi empregada para análise de expressão gênica de quimiocinas. Testes citotóxicos mostraram diferenças significativas para SB 10-2. Nenhum dos materiais testados alterou significativamente os níveis de NO. Os níveis de proteína de CXCL12 foram significativamente diminuídos apenas pelo HEMA. Por outro lado, enquanto o RNAm de CXCL12 permaneceu inalterado, a expressão gênica de CXCL8 teve redução significativa com todos os materiais, com exceção do SB polimerizado. Em conclusão, Single Bond e HEMA, em várias concentrações, diminuíram a expressão e produção de moléculas envolvidas em processos inflamatórios e, portanto, o uso de sistemas adesivos, como o material protetor da polpa, deve ser visto com cautela devido ao seu grande efeito citotóxico quando em contato com a polpa.

7.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 26: e20170129, 2018 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29364343

RESUMO

This prospective, randomized, split-mouth clinical trial evaluated the clinical performance of conventional glass ionomer cement (GIC; Riva Self-Cure, SDI), supplied in capsules or in powder/liquid kits and placed in Class I cavities in permanent molars by the Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) approach. A total of 80 restorations were randomly placed in 40 patients aged 11-15 years. Each patient received one restoration with each type of GIC. The restorations were evaluated after periods of 15 days (baseline), 6 months, and 1 year, according to ART criteria. Wilcoxon matched pairs, multivariate logistic regression, and Gehan-Wilcoxon tests were used for statistical analysis. Patients were evaluated after 15 days (n=40), 6 months (n=34), and 1 year (n=29). Encapsulated GICs showed significantly superior clinical performance compared with hand-mixed GICs at baseline (p=0.017), 6 months (p=0.001), and 1 year (p=0.026). For hand-mixed GIC, a statistically significant difference was only observed over the period of baseline to 1 year (p=0.001). Encapsulated GIC presented statistically significant differences for the following periods: 6 months to 1 year (p=0.028) and baseline to 1 year (p=0.002). Encapsulated GIC presented superior cumulative survival rate than hand-mixed GIC over one year. Importantly, both GICs exhibited decreased survival over time. Encapsulated GIC promoted better ART performance, with an annual failure rate of 24%; in contrast, hand-mixed GIC demonstrated a failure rate of 42%.


Assuntos
Tratamento Dentário Restaurador sem Trauma/métodos , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Criança , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Feminino , Seguimentos , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/química , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170129, 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-893687

RESUMO

Abstract Objective This prospective, randomized, split-mouth clinical trial evaluated the clinical performance of conventional glass ionomer cement (GIC; Riva Self-Cure, SDI), supplied in capsules or in powder/liquid kits and placed in Class I cavities in permanent molars by the Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) approach. Material and Methods A total of 80 restorations were randomly placed in 40 patients aged 11-15 years. Each patient received one restoration with each type of GIC. The restorations were evaluated after periods of 15 days (baseline), 6 months, and 1 year, according to ART criteria. Wilcoxon matched pairs, multivariate logistic regression, and Gehan-Wilcoxon tests were used for statistical analysis. Results Patients were evaluated after 15 days (n=40), 6 months (n=34), and 1 year (n=29). Encapsulated GICs showed significantly superior clinical performance compared with hand-mixed GICs at baseline (p=0.017), 6 months (p=0.001), and 1 year (p=0.026). For hand-mixed GIC, a statistically significant difference was only observed over the period of baseline to 1 year (p=0.001). Encapsulated GIC presented statistically significant differences for the following periods: 6 months to 1 year (p=0.028) and baseline to 1 year (p=0.002). Encapsulated GIC presented superior cumulative survival rate than hand-mixed GIC over one year. Importantly, both GICs exhibited decreased survival over time. Conclusions Encapsulated GIC promoted better ART performance, with an annual failure rate of 24%; in contrast, hand-mixed GIC demonstrated a failure rate of 42%.

9.
Rev. Salusvita (Online) ; 36(2): 489-499, 2017.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1015738

RESUMO

Introdução: um sorriso perfeito é uma queixa comum dos pacientes e diastema anterior superior é um dos principais problemas. Em alguns casos, uma abordagem multidisciplinar é necessária para alcançar um excelente resultado. Método: a técnica e o material apropriado para um tratamento eficaz baseiam-se nas limitações de tempo, psicológicas e econômicas. Resinas compostas diretas em casos de diastemas permitem que o dentista e paciente controlem estas limitações e a obtenção de um sorriso natural seja possível. Neste caso clínico, diastemas anteriores superiores foram fechados com restaurações diretas de resina composta. Conclusão: resinas compostas diretas se mostram altamente estéticas quando bem realizadas e satisfazem os anseios dos pacientes como nas condições do caso apresentado.


Introduction: a perfect smile is a common aesthetic complaint of patients and maxillary anterior diastema is one of the major problems. In some cases, a multidisciplinary approach is necessary to achieve an excellent result. Method: appropriate technique and material for effective treatment are based on time, psychological, and economical limitations. Direct composite resins in diastema cases allow dentist and patient complete control of these limitations and formation of natural smile. Conclusion: in this case report maxillary anterior diastemas were closed with direct composite resin restorations. Direct composite resins seemed to be highly aesthetic that can satisfy patients as under the conditions of case presented.


Assuntos
Humanos , Diastema , Resinas Compostas , Estética Dentária
10.
Braz Oral Res ; 29(1): S1806-83242015000100300, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26892356

RESUMO

Concern has been raised about the bonding of restorative procedures to an erosive lesion, given the change in organic and inorganic composition and structure of this substrate. This in vitro study evaluated the effect of erosive drinks and an enzyme inhibitor (2% chlorhexidine digluconate - 2% CHX) on bond strength to dentin. Sixty sound human third molars were selected, and the occlusal enamel was flattened, exposing the dentin surface. The specimens were randomly divided into three groups: AS-Artificial saliva (control group), RC- Regular Cola and ZC- Zero Cola. Twenty specimens were immersed in their respective solution for 1 minute, 3 times a day, over the course of 5 days. After acid etching and before bonding with Adper Single Bond 2, half of the samples of each group (n = 10) were treated with 2% CHX, whereas the other half (n = 10) were not, forming the control group (CONV). All the specimens were restored with Filtek Z250 composite resin filled in Tygon tubes (0.48 mm2), yielding six microcylinders for microshear bond strength testing. Three composite resin microcylinders of each specimen were tested after 1 month, and the remaining microcylinders were tested after 6 months. Failure modes were determined using a stereomicroscope (40x). The data were statistically analyzed by three-way ANOVA and Tukey tests (α = 0.05). Overall bonding was reduced after 6 months, regardless of treatment. The 2% CHX enhanced bond strength after 1 month only in the ZC group, and did not enhance bonding performance to demineralized dentin by erosive protocol after 6 months in any group.


Assuntos
Bebidas Gaseificadas , Clorexidina/análogos & derivados , Clorexidina/química , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Erosão Dentária/induzido quimicamente , Análise de Variância , Anti-Infecciosos Locais/química , Resinas Compostas/química , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Cimentos Dentários/química , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários/química , Humanos , Imersão , Técnicas In Vitro , Distribuição Aleatória , Saliva Artificial/química , Resistência ao Cisalhamento/efeitos dos fármacos , Propriedades de Superfície/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Tempo
11.
Braz. dent. sci ; 18(2): 58-64, 2015. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: lil-766804

RESUMO

Objetivo: O objetivo desse estudo in vitro foi comparar a sorção (SO) e a solubilidade (SB) em água de sistemas adesivos e resinas compostas baseados em seus grupos funcionais dos monômeros. Material e Métodos: Três sistemas adesivos (Adper Single Bond 2 – 3M ESPE, Clearfil SE Bond – Kuraray, sistema adesivo da P90 – 3M ESPE) e três resinas compostas (Filtek Z350 – 3M ESPE, Filtek Z250 – 3M ESPE, Filtek P90 – 3M ESPE) foram testados. Oito espécimes de cada material foram preparados para avaliar a SO e SB. Inicialmente, os discos foram individualmente armazenados em um dessecador até a obtenção de uma massa constante e, em seguida, armazenados individualmente em água destilada até a massa se estabilizar novamente. Finalmente, os espécimes foram secos novamente no dessecador até uma massa constante ser obtida. SO e SB foram calculadas a partir dessas mensurações. Resultados: Os dados foram analisados pelo teste de ANOVA a 1 critério e teste de Tukey (p < 0,05). O adesivo do sistema P-90 apresentou os menores valores de SO e o Clearfil SE Bond apresentou os menores valores de SB. A resina composta Filtek P-90 apresentou os menores valores de SO e SB. Conclusão: Baseado nos resultados, pode-se concluir que a sorção e a solubilidade foram influenciadas pela composição dos materiais. O principal grupo funcional dos materiais determina a suscetibilidade à água e influencia o seu desempenho.


Objective: The objective of this in vitro study was to compare dentin bonding systems and composite resins based on their functional groups in terms of water sorption (WS) and water solubility (WSB). Material and Methods: Three dentin bonding systems (Adper Single Bond 2 – 3M ESPE, Clearfil SE Bond – Kuraray, P90 Adhesive System – 3M ESPE) and three commercial composite resins (Filtek Z350 – 3M ESPE, Filtek Z250 – 3M ESPE, Filtek P90 – 3M ESPE) were tested. Eight specimens of each material were prepared to evaluate the WS and WSB. The discs were individually stored in a desiccator until constant mass was achieved. Specimens were then individually stored in distilled water until the mass was stabilized again. Finally, the specimens were dried again in the desiccator until constant mass was obtained. WS and WSB were calculated from these measurements. Results: Data were analyzed by oneway ANOVA and Tukey post hoc test (p < 0.05). Filtek Silorane-Bond presented the lowest values of WS, and Clearfil SE Bond presented the lowest WSB. Filtek Silorane resin showed the lowest WS and WSB results. Conclusion: Based on the results, it can be concluded that the WS and WSB were influenced by the composition of the materials. The main functional group of the materials determines their susceptibility to water and influences their performance.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários , Desintoxicação por Sorção , Solubilidade
12.
Braz. dent. sci ; 18(4): 110-119, 2015. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-786304

RESUMO

The presence of diastema, between anterior teeth, distorts a pleasing smile by concentrating the observer’s attention on the spaces. The patient’s needs and expectations must be considered in the process of treatment planning to ensure satisfaction with the treatment out comes. There are many forms of therapy that can be used for diastema closure. A carefully developed diagnosis, which includes a determination of the causal element sand advanced treatment planning, allows the mostappropriate treatment to be selected for each case. The aim of this paper is to present a multidisciplinary approach as a solution to multiple diastemata in the anterior region using gingival tissue recontouring and direct adhesive restorations, with minimumwear of the dental structure, after the orthodontic intervention, discussing the minimal intervention toobtain imperceptive and aesthetic final restoration. Thirty-six months after the treatment was carriedout, the final aesthetic was maintained with all dental element details and gingival tissue harmony, without recurrence of periodontal pockets and the preservation of the tooth color and shape...


A presença de diastemas, entre dentes anteriores, distorce um sorriso agradável, concentrando a atenção do observador para os espaços. As necessidades e expectativas do paciente devem ser consideradas no processo de planejamento para garantir a satisfação no resultado do tratamento. Existem muitas formas de tratamento que podem ser utilizadas para o fechamento de diastemas. Um diagnóstico desenvolvido cuidadosamente, que inclui a determinação dos elementos causais e planejamento avançado do tratamento, permite as eleção do tratamento mais adequado para cada caso. O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar uma abordagem multidisciplinar como solução para diastemas multiplos na região anterior usando o recontorno gengival e restaurações adesivas diretas, com mínimo desgaste da estrutura dental, após a intervenção ortodôntica discutindo a intervenção mínima para a obtenção de restaurações finais estéticas e imperceptiveis. Trinta e seis meses após o tratamento foi avaliado, a estética final foi mantida com os detalhes do elemento dental e harmonia tecido gengival, sem recorrência de bolsas periodontais e preservando a cor e forma dos dentes...


Assuntos
Humanos , Resinas Compostas , Diastema , Gengivoplastia
13.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 29(1): 1-7, 2015. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-777199

RESUMO

Concern has been raised about the bonding of restorative procedures to an erosive lesion, given the change in organic and inorganic composition and structure of this substrate. This in vitro study evaluated the effect of erosive drinks and an enzyme inhibitor (2% chlorhexidine digluconate – 2% CHX) on bond strength to dentin. Sixty sound human third molars were selected, and the occlusal enamel was flattened, exposing the dentin surface. The specimens were randomly divided into three groups: AS-Artificial saliva (control group), RC- Regular Cola and ZC- Zero Cola. Twenty specimens were immersed in their respective solution for 1 minute, 3 times a day, over the course of 5 days. After acid etching and before bonding with Adper Single Bond 2, half of the samples of each group (n = 10) were treated with 2% CHX, whereas the other half (n = 10) were not, forming the control group (CONV). All the specimens were restored with Filtek Z250 composite resin filled in Tygon tubes (0.48 mm2), yielding six microcylinders for microshear bond strength testing. Three composite resin microcylinders of each specimen were tested after 1 month, and the remaining microcylinders were tested after 6 months. Failure modes were determined using a stereomicroscope (40x). The data were statistically analyzed by three-way ANOVA and Tukey tests (α = 0.05). Overall bonding was reduced after 6 months, regardless of treatment. The 2% CHX enhanced bond strength after 1 month only in the ZC group, and did not enhance bonding performance to demineralized dentin by erosive protocol after 6 months in any group.


Assuntos
Humanos , Bebidas Gaseificadas , Clorexidina/análogos & derivados , Clorexidina/química , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Erosão Dentária/induzido quimicamente , Análise de Variância , Anti-Infecciosos Locais/química , Resinas Compostas/química , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Cimentos Dentários/química , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Adesivos Dentinários/química , Imersão , Técnicas In Vitro , Distribuição Aleatória , Saliva Artificial/química , Resistência ao Cisalhamento/efeitos dos fármacos , Propriedades de Superfície/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Full dent. sci ; 6(21): 119-123, dez. 2014. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: lil-750191

RESUMO

A busca por padrães est‚ticos ideais contribuiu para o advento de procedimentos restauradores que possibilitam a mimetiza‡Æo do natural e a introdu‡Æo do conceito de harmonia do sorriso atendendo …s exigˆncias dos pacientes. A presen‡a de diastemas anteriores m£ltiplos constitui um desafio … Odontologia, tendo em vista o aspecto negativo que agrega a despropor‡Æo do sorriso e a est‚tica facial. Sendo assim, o presente caso objetiva descrever a t‚cnica operat¢ria do fechamento de diastemas em resina composta atrav‚s de embasamento te¢rico cient¡fico para a resolu‡Æo do caso. O caso descrito relata a reabilita‡Æo est‚tica de diastemas anteriores por meio de procedimentos restauradores diretos em resina composta promovendo a preserva‡Æo da estrutura dent ria, mimetiza‡Æo do natural, restabelecimento das corretas propor‡ães dentais e redu‡Æo do tempo cl¡nico necess rio, alcan‡ando resultados est‚ticos de excelˆncia. A realiza‡Æo de uma t‚cnica padronizada e bem fundamentada em resina composta para o fechamento de diastemas proporciona resultados cl¡nicos est‚ticos satisfat¢rios e previs¡veis.


The indreasing serach for aesthetic standards has collaborated for the advent of restorative procedures that allow a natural apearence and has lauched concept of harmonic smile, meeting patients’ expectations. Considered as a negative aspect of smile and facial aesthetics the presence of multiple anterior diastemas is very chalenging. This case report aims to describe the technique of the diastema closure with composite resin considering the scientific literature for the resolution of the case. In this study the is described the aesthetic rehabilitation of anterior distaemas through of direct restorative procedures with composite resin and preservation of tooth structure, mimicking natural teeth, reestablishment of dental proportions and reduced clinical time, achieving excellent aesthetic results. The implementation of a standardized and wellgrounded technique using composite for diastema closure provides clinical and aesthetic satisfactory and predictable results.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Resinas Compostas , Diastema/cirurgia , Estética Dentária , Satisfação do Paciente
15.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 21(2): 99-105, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23739851

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the production of the chemokines CCL3 and CXCL12 by cultured dental pulp fibroblasts from permanent (PDPF) and deciduous (DDPF) teeth under stimulation by Porphyromonas gingivalis LPS (PgLPS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Primary culture of fibroblasts from permanent (n=3) and deciduous (n=2) teeth were established using an explant technique. After the fourth passage, fibroblasts were stimulated by increasing concentrations of PgLPS (0-10 µg/mL) at 1, 6 and 24 h. The cells were tested for viability through MTT assay, and production of the chemokines CCL3 and CXCL12 was determined through ELISA. Comparisons among samples were performed using One-way ANOVA for MTT assay and Two-way ANOVA for ELISA results. RESULTS: Cell viability was not affected by the antigen after 24 h of stimulation. PgLPS induced the production of CCL3 by dental pulp fibroblasts at similar levels for both permanent and deciduous pulp fibroblasts. Production of CXCL12, however, was significantly higher for PDPF than DDPF at 1 and 6 h. PgLPS, in turn, downregulated the production of CXCL12 by PDPF but not by DDPF. CONCLUSION: These data suggest that dental pulp fibroblasts from permanent and deciduous teeth may present a differential behavior under PgLPS stimulation.


Assuntos
Quimiocina CCL3/biossíntese , Quimiocina CXCL12/biossíntese , Polpa Dentária/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Porphyromonas gingivalis/metabolismo , Análise de Variância , Sobrevivência Celular , Células Cultivadas , Polpa Dentária/citologia , Dentição Permanente , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Fibroblastos/citologia , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Fatores de Tempo , Dente Decíduo/metabolismo
16.
Braz Dent J ; 24(2): 111-6, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23780362

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to compare the in vitro cytotoxicity of white mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), MTA Fillapex® and Portland cement (PC) on human cultured periodontal ligament fibroblasts. Periodontal ligament fibroblast culture was established and the cells were used for cytotoxic tests after the fourth passage. Cell density was set at 1.25 X10 4 cells/well in 96-well plates. Endodontic material extracts were prepared by placing sealer/cement specimens (5x3mm) in 1mL of culture medium for 72 h. The extracts were then serially two-fold diluted and inserted into the cell-seeded wells for 24, 48 and 72 h. MTT assay was employed for analysis of cell viability. Cell supernatants were tested for nitric oxide using the Griess reagent system. MTA presented cytotoxic effect in undiluted extracts at 24 and 72 h. MTA Fillapex® presented the highest cytotoxic levels with important cell viability reduction for pure extracts and at ½ and » dilutions. In this study, PC did not induce alterations in fibroblast viability. Nitric oxide was detected in extract-treated cell supernatants and also in the extracts only, suggesting presence of nitrite in the soluble content of the tested materials. In the present study, MTA Fillapex displayed the highest cytotoxic effect on periodontal ligament fibroblasts followed by white MTA and PC.


Assuntos
Compostos de Alumínio/toxicidade , Compostos de Cálcio/toxicidade , Cimentos Dentários/toxicidade , Óxidos/toxicidade , Ligamento Periodontal/efeitos dos fármacos , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/toxicidade , Silicatos/toxicidade , Contagem de Células , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Corantes , Combinação de Medicamentos , Compostos Férricos/toxicidade , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Óxido Nítrico/análise , Nitritos/toxicidade , Ligamento Periodontal/citologia , Sais de Tetrazólio , Tiazóis , Fatores de Tempo
17.
J. appl. oral sci ; 21(2): 99-105, Mar-Apr/2013. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-674355

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the production of the chemokines CCL3 and CXCL12 by cultured dental pulp fibroblasts from permanent (PDPF) and deciduous (DDPF) teeth under stimulation by Porphyromonas gingivalis LPS (PgLPS). Material and Methods: Primary culture of fibroblasts from permanent (n=3) and deciduous (n=2) teeth were established using an explant technique. After the fourth passage, fibroblasts were stimulated by increasing concentrations of PgLPS (0 – 10 µg/mL) at 1, 6 and 24 h. The cells were tested for viability through MTT assay, and production of the chemokines CCL3 and CXCL12 was determined through ELISA. Comparisons among samples were performed using One-way ANOVA for MTT assay and Two-way ANOVA for ELISA results. Results: Cell viability was not affected by the antigen after 24 h of stimulation. PgLPS induced the production of CCL3 by dental pulp fibroblasts at similar levels for both permanent and deciduous pulp fibroblasts. Production of CXCL12, however, was significantly higher for PDPF than DDPF at 1 and 6 h. PgLPS, in turn, downregulated the production of CXCL12 by PDPF but not by DDPF. Conclusion: These data suggest that dental pulp fibroblasts from permanent and deciduous teeth may present a differential behavior under PgLPS stimulation. .


Assuntos
Humanos , /biossíntese , /biossíntese , Polpa Dentária/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Técnicas In Vitro , Porphyromonas gingivalis/metabolismo , Análise de Variância , Sobrevivência Celular , Células Cultivadas , Dentição Permanente , Polpa Dentária/citologia , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Fibroblastos/citologia , Fatores de Tempo , Dente Decíduo/metabolismo
18.
Braz. dent. j ; 24(2): 111-116, Mar-Apr/2013. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-675663

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to compare the in vitro cytotoxicity of white mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), MTA Fillapex® and Portland cement (PC) on human cultured periodontal ligament fibroblasts. Periodontal ligament fibroblast culture was established and the cells were used for cytotoxic tests after the fourth passage. Cell density was set at 1.25 X10 4 cells/well in 96-well plates. Endodontic material extracts were prepared by placing sealer/cement specimens (5X3mm) in 1mL of culture medium for 72 h. The extracts were then serially two-fold diluted and inserted into the cell-seeded wells for 24, 48 and 72 h. MTT assay was employed for analysis of cell viability. Cell supernatants were tested for nitric oxide using the Griess reagent system. MTA presented cytotoxic effect in undiluted extracts at 24 and 72 h. MTA Fillapex® presented the highest cytotoxic levels with important cell viability reduction for pure extracts and at ½ and » dilutions. In this study, PC did not induce alterations in fibroblast viability. Nitric oxide was detected in extract-treated cell supernatants and also in the extracts only, suggesting presence of nitrite in the soluble content of the tested materials. In the present study, MTA Fillapex displayed the highest cytotoxic effect on periodontal ligament fibroblasts followed by white MTA and PC.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar a citotoxicidade in vitro de agregado trióxido mineral (MTA) branco, MTA Fillapex® e cimento Portland (PC) em cultura de fibroblastos de ligamento periodontal humano. A cultura de fibroblastos de ligamento periodontal foi estabelecida e as células foram utilizadas para os testes citotóxicos após a quarta passagem. A densidade celular foi ajustada em 1,25X10 4 células/poço em placas de 96 poços. Extratos dos materiais endodônticos foram preparados por meio da inserção de corpos de prova dos cimentos (5 X 3 mm) em 1 mL de meio de cultura durante 72 h. Os extratos foram diluídos serialmente na razão de ½ e inseridos aos poços contendo as células por 24, 48 e 72 h. Ensaio de MTT foi realizado para a avaliação da viabilidade celular. O sobrenadante das células foi testado em relação à presença de óxido nítrico utilizando o sistema de reagentes de Griess. O MTA apresentou efeito citotóxico quando o extrato era aplicado sem diluição durante 24 e 72 h. O MTA Fillapex apresentou os maiores níveis de citotoxicidade com importante redução da viabilidade celular quando o extrato foi aplicado puro e em diluições de ½ e ». Neste estudo, PC não induziu alterações na viabilidade de fibroblastos. Óxido nítrico foi detectado no sobrenadante de células tratadas com os extratos e ainda nos extratos somente, o que sugere a presença de nitrito no conteúdo solúvel dos materiais testados. No presente estudo, MTA Fillapex foi o material que demonstrou o maior efeito citotóxico sobre fibroblastos de ligamento periodontal seguido do MTA branco e do PC. .


Assuntos
Humanos , Compostos de Alumínio/toxicidade , Compostos de Cálcio/toxicidade , Cimentos Dentários/toxicidade , Óxidos/toxicidade , Ligamento Periodontal/efeitos dos fármacos , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/toxicidade , Silicatos/toxicidade , Contagem de Células , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Células Cultivadas , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Corantes , Combinação de Medicamentos , Compostos Férricos/toxicidade , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Teste de Materiais , Óxido Nítrico/análise , Nitritos/toxicidade , Ligamento Periodontal/citologia , Fatores de Tempo , Sais de Tetrazólio , Tiazóis
19.
Braz Oral Res ; 26 Suppl 1: 17-24, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23318740

RESUMO

There is a clear reported association between social disparity and oral health, for example, between dental caries and malnutrition in children. This fact is detected in several studies, and also found amongst the Brazilian population. However, several efforts have been made to improve the quality of life of the population and to achieve the 2015 Millennium Development Goals. Oral health is a branch to be improved among these goals. The Brazilian experience has been drawing the attention of authorities, insofar as there have been direct improvements in oral health through state oral health programs, and also indirect results by improving the quality of life of the population. Included within the Brazilian oral health programs are the Family Health Program and Smiling Brazil Program. The former is a global healthcare program which involves primary oral healthcare, while the latter is a specialized oral care program. Among the social programs that would indirectly improve oral health are Family Stipend and the Edmond and Lily Safra International Institute of Neuroscience of Natal (ELS-IINN). In conclusion, although oral health problems are related to socioeconomic factors, the implementation of primary oral health programs and programs to improve the population's quality of life may directly or indirectly improve the oral health scenario. This fact is being observed in Brazil, where the oral health policies have changed, and social programs have been implemented.


Assuntos
Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/organização & administração , Saúde Bucal , Brasil , Criança , Assistência Odontológica para Crianças , Política de Saúde , Humanos , Fatores Socioeconômicos
20.
Bauru; s.n; 2012. 138 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Tese em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: lil-707678

RESUMO

O presente trabalho tem como objetivo investigar a influência de materiais utilizados na prática odontológica (Single Bond, HEMA, Vitrebond, Ketac Molar e Dycal) na resposta inflamatória de fibroblastos cultivados de polpa dental humana de dentes permanentes em relação à expressão e produção de mediadores da inflamação. As culturas primárias de fibroblastos foram estabelecidas a partir do tecido pulpar de terceiros molares hígidos. Após a quarta passagem, os fibroblastos foram estimulados pelos materiais e pelos materiais seguidos por LPS de E. coli pelos tempos de 6 e 24 horas. Os testes utilizados foram: MTT, Trypan Blue, Análise de Griess, PCR quantitativo e ELISA. Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente aplicando-se o teste ANOVA a 1 critério e pós-teste de Tukey e ANOVA a 2 critérios e teste de correção de Bonferroni (p<0,05). Os materiais SB10 (Single Bond 1:100) e DY (Dycal) afetaram a viabilidade celular com diminuição do metabolismo. Os materiais SB1 (Single Bond 1:1.000), SB10 (Single Bond 1:100) e VB (Vitrebond) seguidos de LPS de E. coli diminuíram o metabolismo celular de maneira estatisticamente significativa. Os níveis de óxido nítrico produzidos foram diminuídos quando os fibroblastos foram estimulados pelo KM (Ketac Molar). A expressão gênica para pró-colágeno tipo I foi diminuída quando os fibroblastos foram estimulados pelos materiais SB10 (Single Bond 1:100), SB (Single Bond polimerizado) e DY (Dycal). Para o SDF-1_/CXCL12 houve um aumento da expressão para o grupo estimulado apenas por LPS de E. coli, SB10 (Single Bond 1:100) e DY (Dycal). Para o IL-6 notou-se uma diminuição significativa para o grupo estimulado por H1000 (HEMA 1000 nM) e um aumento para o grupo SB10 (Single Bond 1:100). A expressão gênica de IL- 8/CXCL8 diminuiu para os fibroblastos estimulados pelas três concentrações de HEMA e de Single Bond, VB (Vitrebond) e DY (Dycal) no período de 6 horas e houve um aumento para os materiais SB10 (Single Bond 1:100) e VB...


The aim of the present study is to investigate the influence of dental materials (Single Bond, HEMA, Vitrebond, Ketac Molar e Dycal) in the inflammatory response of human dental pulp fibroblasts from permanent teeth in relation to inflammatory mediators expression. and production. Primary cultures were established from third molars pulp tissue. After the fourth passage, the fibroblasts were stimulated only by materials and also by the materials followed by LPS from E. coli for 6 and 24 hours. Data were statistically analyzed using Oneway ANOVA and Tukey post-test and Two-way ANOVA followed by Bonferroni post-test (p<0.05). SB10 (Single Bond 1: 100) and DY (Dycal) affected cell viability and consequently decreased cell metabolism. SB1 (Single Bond 1:1,000), SB10 (Single Bond 1:100) and VB (Vitrebond) followed by LPS E. coli decreased cell metabolism. Nitric oxide levels were reduced when fibroblasts were stimulated by KM (Ketac Molar). Pro-collagen type I expression was reduced when fibroblasts were stimulated by SB10 (Single Bond 1:100), SB (polymerized Single Bond) and DY (Dycal). SDF-1_/CXCL12 expression was increased for the group stimulated only by LPS from E. coli, SB10 (Single Bond 1:100) and DY (Dycal). IL-6 expression had a significant decrease in the group stimulated by H1000 (HEMA 1000 nM) and an increase for SB10 (Single Bond 1:100) group. The expression of IL-8/CXCL8 decreased when fibroblasts were stimulated by the three concentrations of HEMA and of Single Bond, VB (Vitrebond) and DY (Dycal) at 6 hours and increased for SB10 (Single Bond 1:100) and VB (Vitrebond) at 24 hours. There was decrease in SDF-1_/CXCL12 production for the three concentrations of HEMA and DY (Dycal) and a declining trend for the other materials tested. The production of IL-6 was increased by VB (Vitrebond) and KM (Ketac Molar). The production of IL-8/CXCL8 increased by SB1 (Single Bond 1:1,000), VB...


Assuntos
Humanos , Fibroblastos , Materiais Dentários/toxicidade , Polpa Dentária , Análise de Variância , Colágeno Tipo I/análise , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , /análise , Dente Molar , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/análise , Metaloproteinases da Matriz , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Quimiocinas CXC/análise , Quimiocinas CXC , Fatores de Tempo
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