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1.
Circulation ; 2019 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31736356

RESUMO

Background: No randomized study powered to compare balloon-expandable (BE) with self-expanding (SE) transcatheter heart valve (THV) on individual endpoints after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has been conducted to date. Methods: From January 2013 to December 2015, the FRANCE-TAVI nationwide registry included 12,141 patients undergoing BE-THV (Edwards, n=8038) or SE-THV (Medtronic, n=4103) for native aortic stenosis (AS). Long-term mortality status was available in all patients (median 20 months, IQR:14-30). Patients treated with BE-THV (n=3910) were successfully matched 1:1 with 3910 patients treated with SE-THV by using propensity-score (25 clinical, anatomical and procedural variables) and by date of the procedure (within 3 months). The first co-primary outcome was the occurrence of paravalvular regurgitation (PVR){greater than or equal to}moderate and/or in-hospital mortality. The 2nd co-primary outcome was 2-year all-cause mortality. Results: In matched-propensity analyses, the incidence of the 1st co-primary outcome was higher with SE-THV (19.8%) compared with BE-THV(11.9%; RR=1.68; 95%CI:1.46-1.91; p<0.0001). Each component of the outcome was also higher in SE-THV patients: PVR{greater than or equal to}moderate (15.5% vs. 8.3%; RR=1.90; 95% CI:1.63-2.22; p<0.0001) and in-hospital mortality (5.6% vs 4.2%, RR=1.34; 95%CI:1.07-1.66; p=0.01). During follow-up, all-cause mortality occurred in 899 patients treated with SE-THV (2-year mortality was 29.8%) and in 801 patients treated with BE-THV (2-year mortality 26.6%; HR=1.17; 95% CI:1.06-1.29; p=0.003). Similar results were found using inverse probability of treatment weighting using propensity score analysis. Conclusions: The present study suggests that use of SE-THV was associated with a higher risk of PVR and higher in-hospital and 2-year mortality as compared with BE-THV. These data strongly support the need for a randomized trial sufficiently powered to compare head-to-head the latest generation of SE and BE-THV.(Registry of Aortic Valve Bioprostheses Established by Catheter [FRANCE-TAVI]; NCT01777828) Clinical Trial Registration: URL: https://clinicaltrials.gov Unique identifier: NCT01777828.

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3.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 74(22): 2728-2739, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31779788

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Femoral access is the gold standard for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Guidelines recommend reconsidering surgery when this access is not feasible. However, alternative peripheral accesses exist, although they have not been accurately compared with femoral access. OBJECTIVES: This study compared nonfemoral peripheral (n-FP) TAVR with femoral TAVR. METHODS: Using the data from the national prospective French registry (FRANCE TAVI [French Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation]), this study compared the characteristics and outcomes of TAVR procedures according to whether they were performed through a femoral or a n-FP access, using a pre-specified propensity score-based matching between groups. Subanalysis during 2 study periods (2013 to 2015 and 2016 to 2017) and among low/intermediate-low and intermediate-high/high volume centers were performed. RESULTS: Among 21,611 patients, 19,995 (92.5%) underwent femoral TAVR and 1,616 (7.5%) underwent n-FP TAVR (transcarotid, n = 914 or trans-subclavian, n = 702). Patients in the n-FP access group had more severe disease (mean logistic EuroSCORE 19.95 vs. 16.95; p < 0.001), with a higher rate of peripheral vascular disease, known coronary artery disease, chronic pulmonary disease, and renal failure. After matching, there was no difference in the rate of post-procedural death and complications according to access site, except for a 2-fold lower rate of major vascular complications (odds ratio: 0.45; 95% confidence interval: 0.21 to 0.93; p = 0.032) and unplanned vascular repairs (odds ratio: 0.41; 95% confidence interval: 0.29 to 0.59; p < 0.001) in those who underwent n-FP access. The comparison of outcomes provided similar results during the second study period and in intermediate-high/high volume centers. CONCLUSIONS: n-FP TAVR is associated with similar outcomes compared with femoral peripheral TAVR, except for a 2-fold lower rate of major vascular complications and unplanned vascular repairs. n-FP TAVR may be favored over surgery in patients who are deemed ineligible for femoral TAVR and may be a safe alternative when femoral access risk is considered too high.

4.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 74(22): 2758-2767, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31562908

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transfemoral aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a guideline-recommended treatment option for patients with severe aortic valve stenosis. Women and men present with different baseline characteristics, which may influence procedural outcomes. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate differences between women and men undergoing transfemoral TAVR across the globe during the last decade. METHODS: The CENTER (Cerebrovascular EveNts in patients undergoing TranscathetER aortic valve implantation with balloon-expandable valves versus self-expandable valves)-collaboration was a global patient level dataset of patients undergoing transfemoral TAVR (N = 12,381) from 2007 to 2018. In this retrospective analysis, the study examined differences in baseline patient characteristics, 30-day stroke and mortality, and in-hospital outcomes between female and male patients. The study also assessed for temporal changes in outcomes and predictors for mortality per sex. RESULTS: We included 58% (n = 7,120) female and 42% (n = 5,261) male patients. Women had higher prevalence of hypertension and glomerular filtration rate <30 ml/min/1.73 m2 but lower prevalence of all other traditional cardiovascular comorbidities. Both sexes had similar rates of 30-day stroke (2.3% vs. 2.5%; p = 0.53) and mortality (5.9% vs. 5.5%; p = 0.17). In contrast, women had a 50% higher risk of life-threatening or major bleeding (6.7% vs. 4.4%; p < 0.01). Over the study period, mortality rates decreased to a greater extent in men than in women (60% vs. 50% reduction; both p < 0.001), with no reductions in stroke rates over time. CONCLUSIONS: In this global collaboration, women and men had similar rates of 30-day mortality and stroke. However, women had higher rates of procedural life-threatening or major bleeding after TAVR. Between 2007 and 2018, mortality rates decreased to a greater extent in men than in women.

5.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(9): e008002, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31510773

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter mitral valve replacement is a novel therapeutic approach aiming to treat patients with severe mitral regurgitation. This study aimed to evaluate the biological and technical performance of a novel transseptal transcatheter mitral valve replacement system (Cephea Valve Technologies, Santa Cruz, CA) in a preclinical model. METHODS: Biological performance and healing response were evaluated following open-heart surgical implantation procedures in 10 sheep utilizing an antegrade transatrial access. Valve performance was assessed with fluoroscopy, echocardiography, and histology at 30 (n=2), 60 (n=3), and 90 days (n=5). Feasibility of transseptal valve delivery and performance was tested acutely in 10 pigs. RESULTS: In the chronic studies, all animals survived without problems until completion of the study. The hemodynamics of the study valves were excellent with low rates of paravalvular leak. There was no left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. Pathological evaluation showed excellent position and condition of the mitral implants without evidence for thrombosis, endocarditis, or excessive calcification. Subsequently, mitral valves were implanted in 10 pigs using a dedicated transseptal delivery system. The implants remained in stable position with excellent hemodynamic profile. Correct valve position and function was confirmed by echocardiography and autopsy. CONCLUSIONS: The transseptal delivery of the Cephea transcatheter mitral valve replacement system in an experimental model was feasible and safe. The chronic studies demonstrated a favorable healing response. Further human studies are needed to evaluate the performance of this novel valve system in patients with severe mitral regurgitation.

7.
Eur Heart J ; 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31511897

RESUMO

Tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is a frequent and complex problem, commonly combined with left-sided heart disease, such as mitral regurgitation. Significant TR is associated with increased mortality if left untreated or recurrent after therapy. Tricuspid regurgitation was historically often disregarded and remained undertreated. Surgery is currently the only Class I Guideline recommended therapy for TR, in the form of annuloplasty, leaflet repair, or valve replacement. As growing experience of transcatheter therapy in structural heart disease, many dedicated transcatheter tricuspid repair or replacement devices, which mimic well-established surgical techniques, are currently under development. Nevertheless, many aspects of TR are little understood, including the disease process, surgical or interventional risk stratification, and predictors of successful therapy. The optimal treatment timing and the choice of proper surgical or interventional technique for significant TR remain to be elucidated. In this context, we aim to highlight the current evidence, underline major controversial issues in this field and present a future roadmap for TR therapy.

9.
EuroIntervention ; 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31449044

RESUMO

AIMS: Transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR) is a promising therapeutic solution to treat high-risk patients with severe mitral regurgitation (MR) contraindicated to surgery. Optimal selection of patients who will benefit from the procedure is of paramount. We aimed at investigating factors associated with TMVR screening. METHODS AND RESULTS: From November 2016 to July 2018, we examined conditions associated with TMVR screening success in patients referred to the two French Heart Valve Clinics with the greatest TMVR experience. Among a total of 40 consecutive screened patients, 16 (40%) were selected for TMVR (8 Twelve Intrepid, 7 Tendyne and 1 HighLife), while 24 patients (60%) were refused for TMVR mainly for too large mitral annulus (MA) (n=15,62% of refusal), or too small anatomy and risk of neo-left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction (n=6,25% of refusal). Patients with suitable anatomy for TMVR were more often male and suffered more frequently from secondary MR (p=0.01) associated with previous myocardial infarction and presented commissure-to-commissure diameter lower than 39mm (AUC=0.72, p=0.0085) and LVESD larger than 32mm (AUC=0.83, p<0.0001) on transthoracic echocardiography and MA area lower than 17.6cm² (AUC=0.95, p<0.0001) and anteroposterior diameter higher than 41.6mm (AUC=0.87, p<0.001) on CT-scan. CONCLUSIONS: Despite several prostheses available, most patients referred to Heart Valve Clinics and good candidate regarding their clinical profile cannot be implanted with TMVR because of mismatch between their anatomy and prosthesis characteristics. Our findings suggest the need to develop new prosthesis adapted to larger MA but with lower impact on the LVOT.

10.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 56(6): 1140-1146, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365061

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The transcarotid (TC) approach for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is potentially an optimal alternative to the transfemoral (TF) approach. Our goal was to compare the safety and efficacy of TC- and TF-TAVI. METHODS: Patients who underwent TF-TAVI or TC-TAVI in the prospectively collected FRANCE TAVI registry between January 2013 and December 2015 were compared. Propensity score inverse probability weighting methods were employed to minimize the impact of bias related to non-random treatment assignment. RESULTS: Of the 11 033 patients included in the current study, 10 598 (96%) underwent a TF-TAVI and 435 (4.1%) had a TC-TAVI. Patients in the TC-TAVI access group presented with a higher risk profile but were significantly younger. There were no differences in the perioperative and 2-year mortality rates after adjustment [odds ratio (OR) 1.02, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.62-1.68; P = 0.99 and hazard ratio 1.03, 95% CI 0.7-1.35; P = 0.83). TC-TAVI was associated with a significant risk of stroke (OR 2.42, 95% CI 2.01-2.92; P < 0.001), ST-elevation myocardial infarction (OR 7.32, 95% CI 3.87-13.87; P < 0.001), infections (OR 2.36, 95% CI 2.04-2.71; P < 0.001), bleeding (OR 2.01, 95% CI 1.76-2.29; P < 0.001), renal failure (OR 2.23, 95% CI 1.90-2.60; P < 0.001) and need for dialysis (OR 2.36, 95% CI 2.01-2.76, P < 0.001). Conversely, TC-TAVI was not confirmed as a risk factor for pacemaker implantation after adjustment (OR 1.05, 95% CI 0.96-1.15; P < 0.28) and was a protective factor for vascular complications (OR 0.37, 95% CI 0.32-0.43; P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: TC-TAVI is a safe procedure compared to TF-TAVI, although it holds an increased risk of perioperative complications. It should be considered in case of non-femoral peripheral access as the second access choice, to increase the overall safety of TAVI procedures.

11.
Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther ; 17(8): 625-632, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31403364

RESUMO

Introduction: Transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR) is still a recent technology with numerous unknowns but also great promises. The risk of complications reported in observational studies have limited its adoption by interventional cardiology and surgical communities. Areas covered: Some of the major setbacks of TMVR are complications related to the devices and those related to the pathway. Device-related complications include left ventricle outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction, transcatheter heart valve (THV) dislocation or embolization, thrombosis, and stroke. The transapical approach currently remains the main pathway for TMVR but is associated with high risk of major bleeding and residual apical myocardial scarring. Complication prediction and prevention seem possible. Device-related complication prediction is based on pre-operative imaging including multi-slice computed tomography with 3-dimensional reconstructions and echocardiography which allow LVOT obstruction prediction and appropriate sizing aiming at avoiding dislocation. Industry should aim at the development of transfemoral delivery systems. Nevertheless, several recent feasibility observational studies suggested acceptable safety and efficacy of transcatheter mitral valve replacement. Expert opinion: TMVR complications and transapical delivery are some of the main setbacks which need to be addressed for TMVR to be adopted for broad clinical use.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Prognóstico
12.
Eur Heart J ; 40(38): 3143-3153, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31329852

RESUMO

AIMS : Owing to new evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in low-risk patients with severe aortic stenosis, we compared the collective safety and efficacy of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) vs. surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) across the entire spectrum of surgical risk patients. METHODS AND RESULTS : The meta-analysis is registered with PROSPERO (CRD42016037273). We identified RCTs comparing TAVI with SAVR in patients with severe aortic stenosis reporting at different follow-up periods. We extracted trial, patient, intervention, and outcome characteristics following predefined criteria. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality up to 2 years for the main analysis. Seven trials that randomly assigned 8020 participants to TAVI (4014 patients) and SAVR (4006 patients) were included. The combined mean STS score in the TAVI arm was 9.4%, 5.1%, and 2.0% for high-, intermediate-, and low surgical risk trials, respectively. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation was associated with a significant reduction of all-cause mortality compared to SAVR {hazard ratio [HR] 0.88 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.78-0.99], P = 0.030}; an effect that was consistent across the entire spectrum of surgical risk (P-for-interaction = 0.410) and irrespective of type of transcatheter heart valve (THV) system (P-for-interaction = 0.674). Transcatheter aortic valve implantation resulted in lower risk of strokes [HR 0.81 (95% CI 0.68-0.98), P = 0.028]. Surgical aortic valve replacement was associated with a lower risk of major vascular complications [HR 1.99 (95% CI 1.34-2.93), P = 0.001] and permanent pacemaker implantations [HR 2.27 (95% CI 1.47-3.64), P < 0.001] compared to TAVI. CONCLUSION : Compared with SAVR, TAVI is associated with reduction in all-cause mortality and stroke up to 2 years irrespective of baseline surgical risk and type of THV system.

14.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 56(3): 429-432, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31180509
15.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 94(6): 845-853, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31231944

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This first-in-man (FIM) study aimed to determine the safety and efficacy of the Heartech® left ventricular partitioning device (LVPD) in patients with chronic heart failure (HF) postmyocardial infarction. METHODS: Sixteen patients were enrolled from three cardiac intervention centers in China. All patients underwent percutaneous ventricular restoration (PVR) procedures with implantation of the Heartech® LVPD. Safety and immediate success rates were recorded. Major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) including all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, stroke, emergent or selective surgery or interventional therapy, renal failure requiring hemodialysis, and major bleeding were recorded. Efficacy features included functional status, echocardiographic characteristics, life quality characteristics including peak oxygen consumption of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET), European five-dimensional health scale (EQ-5D), 6-min walk test (6MWT) at baseline and during follow-up (NCT02938637). RESULTS: The device success rate was 93.75% (15 successes in 16 patients) with 100% safety. During follow-up of 36 ± 4.5 days, no MACCEs were found. The left ventricular end-systolic volume index decreased significantly (LVESVi, 72.47 ± 22.77 mL/m2 vs. 50.13 ± 13.36 mL/m2 , p < .001) as did left ventricular end diastolic volume index (LVEDVi, 106.27 ± 28.01 mL/m2 vs. 83.20 ± 16.87 mL/m2 , p = .001). Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF, 32.47 ± 6.98% vs. 40.41 ± 6.15, p < .001), 6MWT (383.13 ± 108.70 vs. 453.47 ± 88.24, p < 0.001) and EQ-5D (65.93 ± 11.25 vs. 78.67 ± 8.35, p < .001) improved significantly. CONCLUSIONS: Heartech® LVPD appeared to be safe and effective for treatment of HF postmyocardial infarction.

16.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(10): 911-920, 2019 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31122347

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare differences in patient characteristics and clinical outcomes of nonagenarians undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) versus patients younger than 90 years of age and to test the predictive accuracy of the logistic EuroSCORE (European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation), the EuroSCORE II, and the STS-PROM (Society of Thoracic Surgeons Predicted Risk of Mortality) for mortality after TAVR in nonagenarians. BACKGROUND: The prevalence of severe aortic valve stenosis is increasing due to the rising life expectancy. However, there are limited data evaluating outcomes in patients older than 90 years of age. Moreover, the predictive accuracy of risk scores for mortality has not been evaluated in nonagenarian patients undergoing transfemoral TAVR. METHODS: The CENTER (Cerebrovascular EveNts in Patients Undergoing TranscathetER Aortic Valve Implantation) collaboration (N = 12,381) is an international collaboration consisting of 3 national registries, 6 local or multicenter registries, and 1 prospective clinical study, selected through a systematic online search. The primary endpoint of this study was the difference in 30-day all-cause mortality and stroke after TAVR in nonagenarians versus patients younger than 90 years of age. Secondary endpoints included differences in baseline characteristics, in-hospital outcomes, and the differences in predictive accuracy of the logistic EuroSCORE, the EuroSCORE II, and STS-PROM. RESULTS: A total of 882 nonagenarians and 11,499 patients younger than 90 years of age undergoing transfemoral TAVR between 2007 and 2018 were included. Nonagenarians had considerably fewer comorbidities than their counterparts. Nevertheless, rates of 30-day mortality (9.9% vs. 5.4%; relative risk [RR]: 1.8; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.4 to 2.3; p = 0.001), in-hospital stroke (3.0% vs. 1.9%; RR: 1.5; 95% CI: 1.0 to 2.3; p = 0.04), major or life-threatening bleeding (8.1% vs. 5.5%; RR: 1.6; 95% CI: 1.1 to 2.2; p = 0.004), and new-onset atrial fibrillation (7.9% vs. 5.2%; RR: 1.6; 95% CI: 1.1 to 2.2; p = 0.01) were higher in nonagenarians. The STS-PROM adequately estimated mortality in nonagenarians, with an observed-expected mortality ratio of 1.0. CONCLUSIONS: In this large, global, patient-level analysis, mortality after transfemoral TAVR was 2-fold higher in nonagenarians compared with patients younger than 90 years of age, despite the lower prevalence of baseline comorbidities. Moreover, nonagenarians had a higher risk of in-hospital stroke, major or life-threatening bleeding, and new-onset atrial fibrillation. The STS-PROM was the only surgical risk score that accurately predicted the risk of mortality in nonagenarians.

17.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(10): 923-932, 2019 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31122349

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The VIVA (Valve in Valve) trial was designed to systematically and prospectively collect data regarding the use of transcatheter aortic valve replacement in patients with failing surgical aortic bioprostheses at high-risk for reoperation. BACKGROUND: Surgical aortic valve replacement has been the standard of care in symptomatic patients with aortic valve disease. However, bioprosthetic valves degenerate over time, requiring redo surgery. METHODS: VIVA is an international, observational, single-arm, postmarket study conducted at 23 sites that enrolled 202 patients with symptomatic degeneration of an aortic bioprosthesis eligible for elective treatment with a CoreValve or Evolut R self-expanding transcatheter aortic valve. RESULTS: Patients were elderly (mean age 79.9 years), 47.5% were men, and they had a mean Society of Thoracic Surgeons score of 6.6%. Although 41.8% of patients had surgical bioprostheses with labeled size ≤21 mm, valve hemodynamic parameters were markedly improved from baseline (mean aortic valve gradient 35.0 ± 16.3 mm Hg) to discharge (17.5 ± 8.6 mm Hg) and were sustained at 1 year (15.5 ± 7.5 mm Hg). At 1 year, total aortic regurgitation greater than mild was measured in 1.1% of patients. Clinical outcomes at 30 days demonstrated low mortality (2.5%), no disabling strokes, a 0.5% rate of acute kidney injury, and an 8.0% rate of new pacemaker implantation. At 1 year, the mortality rate remained low (8.8%), with 1 disabling stroke (0.6%). Five patients (2.5%) experienced coronary artery obstructions, 3 during and 1 immediately after the procedure and 1 several months later. CONCLUSIONS: Degenerated surgical bioprostheses can be safely treated with the CoreValve or Evolut R platform using the catheter-based valve-in-valve procedure. Excellent 1-year clinical and hemodynamic outcomes were achieved in this real-world patient population. (CoreValve VIVA Study Evaluation of the Clinical Outcomes of CoreValve in Degenerative Surgical Aortic Bioprosthesis; NCT02209298).

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31020788

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study reports the 1-year clinical outcomes of the VitaFlow™ transcatheter aortic valve system in the treatment of severe aortic stenosis. BACKGROUND: The VitaFlow™ system (MicroPort®, Shanghai, China) was developed as a novel transcatheter aortic valve replacement system to mitigate or circumvent some of the challenges associated with heavily calcified valves and bicuspid valves. METHODS: From September 2014 to November 2017, a prospective, multicenter, single arm study was conducted in 11 centers in China. The primary end point was all cause mortality at 12 months. RESULTS: One hundred and ten symptomatic aortic stenosis patients (60 men, 50 women; mean age 77.73 ± 4.78 years) at prohibitive or high risk for surgery were enrolled. Mean society of thoracic surgeons score was 8.84 ± 5.58%. All-cause mortality was 2.7% at 1-year. Major stroke, major vascular complication, coronary artery obstruction, new pacemaker implantation occurred in 2.7, 2.7, 1.8, and 19.1% at 1-year follow-up, respectively. No patients had moderate or severe paravalvular leak at 1-year. At 1 year follow-up, 97% of patients had New York heart association ≤II. Patients with bicuspid valves had similar outcomes as those patients with tricuspid aortic valve stenosis. CONCLUSIONS: The 12-month clinical results support the safety and efficacy of VitaFlow™ in the treatment of patients with severe aortic stenosis, including patients with bicuspid aortic valve.

19.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 112(5): 354-362, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31014990

RESUMO

Within the past decade, transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has become established as the optimal treatment option for elderly, inoperable and high-risk patients with severe aortic stenosis, and is now recommended by international guidelines. Randomized controlled trials have demonstrated the non-inferiority of TAVI to open surgery in intermediate-risk patients and, most recently, in low-risk patients. Further randomized controlled trials are underway, but existing studies have already provided reassuring data in this cohort, and TAVI is offered routinely to younger and lower-risk patients in numerous centers. Improvements in the design of devices and delivery systems, accompanied by increased operator experience, have dramatically improved the safety of the procedure, and further expansion into low-risk groups seems inevitable once concerns about valve durability and device cost have been addressed. In this article, we provide a review of the existing literature, and estimate the clinical impact of TAVI in low-risk patients. Abbreviated title: Why should we extend TAVI to low-risk patients?


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Humanos , Seleção de Pacientes , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
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