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Indian J Nucl Med ; 30(4): 303-8, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26430312


AIM: This study was aimed at standardizing the "In-House fatty meal" methodology in cholescintigraphy and to determine gall bladder ejection fraction (GBEF) with this standardized meal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective case-control study where 61 patients having right upper quadrant pain and postprandial bloating and 59 healthy volunteers were included. They underwent (99m)Tc-mebrofenin fatty meal cholescintigraphy following a standard protocol. Dynamic acquisitions over 120 min were done, with a fatty meal being given between 45- and 60-min. Gallbladder emptying kinetics was studied by assessing the time activity curves and calculation of GBEFs were made at 30-min, 45-min, and at 60-min and assessed. RESULTS: The GBEF at 30-min was 74.42% ± 8.26% (mean ± standard deviation), at 45-min was 82.61% ± 6.5%, and at 60-min was 89.37% ± 4.48% in the volunteer group. The lower limit of GBEF in volunteers at 30-min was 58%, 45-min was 69%, and at 60-min was 81%. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis showed that 30-min GBEF provided the best separation between healthy and diseased subjects with an area under curve of 0.952 (95% confidence interval = 0.914-0.989). The lower limit of GBEF at 30-min was 58%. CONCLUSIONS: An in-House standard fatty meal could be a reproducible alternative to cholecystokinin as it is well-tolerated. Based on ROC curve analysis, we propose that 30-min GBEF provides good separation between healthy and diseased people with this in-House fatty meal. Hence, dynamic acquisitions beyond 30-min postingestion of the fatty meal may not be warranted.

Bone Joint J ; 95-B(2): 250-3, 2013 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23365037


Local recurrence along the biopsy track is a known complication of percutaneous needle biopsy of malignant musculoskeletal tumours. In order to completely excise the track with the tumour its identification is essential, but this becomes increasingly difficult over time. In an initial prospective study, 22 of 45 patients (48.8%) identified over a three-month period, treated by resection of a musculoskeletal tumour, had an unidentifiable biopsy site at operation, with identification statistically more difficult after 50 days. We therefore introduced the practice of marking the biopsy site with India ink. In all 55 patients undergoing this procedure, the biopsy track was identified pre-operatively (100%); this difference was statistically significant. We recommend this technique as a safe, easy and accurate means of ensuring adequate excision of the biopsy track.

Biópsia por Agulha/métodos , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Carbono , Neoplasias Musculares/patologia , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos
Indian J Gastroenterol ; 27(1): 22-8, 2008.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18541934


AIMS: To study the profile of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and the frequency of such symptoms among the general population, in India. METHODS: In this prospective, multi-center study, data were obtained from 2785 patients with chronic lower gastrointestinal symptoms (complainants) with no alarm feature and negative investigations for organic causes visiting physicians at 30 centers, and from 4500 community subjects (non-complainants), using separate questionnaires. RESULTS: Most complainants were middle-aged (mean age 39.4 years) and male (1891; 68%). The common symptoms were: abdominal pain or discomfort (1958; 70%), abdominal fullness (1951; 70%); subjective feeling of constipation (1404 of 2656; 53%), or diarrhea (1252 of 2656, 47%), incomplete evacuation (2134; 77%), mucus with stools (1506; 54%), straining at stools (1271; 46%), epigastric pain (1364; 49%) and milk intolerance (906; 32%). Median stool frequency was similar in patients who felt they had constipation or those who felt they had diarrhea. Information to subtype symptoms using standard criteria was available in 1301 patients; of these, 507 (39%) had constipation-predominant IBS ( 3 3 stools/day) and 744 (57%) had indeterminate symptoms. Among non-complainants, most subjects reported daily defecation frequency of one (2520 [56%]) or two (1535 [34%]). Among non-complainants, 567 (12.6%) reported abdominal pain, 503 (11%) irregular bowel, 1030 (23%) incomplete evacuation, 167 (4%) mucus and 846 (18%) straining at stools; a combination of abdominal pain or discomfort relieved by defecation, and incomplete evacuation was present in 189/4500 (4.2%) community subjects. CONCLUSIONS: Most patients with IBS in India are middle-aged men, and have a sense of incomplete evacuation and mucus with stools. Abdominal pain or discomfort is frequent but not universal. Importantly, stool frequency was similar irrespective of whether the patients felt having constipation or diarrhea. Most (90%) non-complainant subjects had 1 or 2 stools per day; symptoms complex suggestive of IBS was present in 4.2% of community subjects.

Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/epidemiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Gastroenterologia , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Sociedades Médicas
Indian J Gastroenterol ; 12(3): 89-91, 1993 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-8354536


BACKGROUND: The acid suppressive abilities of H2 receptor antagonists and anticholinergics have been claimed to be additive. METHODS: A multicenter, double-blind, randomized trial comparing ranitidine (150 mg) plus propantheline bromide 15 mg at bedtime to ranitidine 300 mg alone at bedtime was conducted in 161 patients with endoscopically confirmed uncomplicated duodenal ulcer. RESULTS: After six weeks of therapy, ulcer healing rates in the two groups were comparable ie 80% in the combination group (ranitidine + propantheline) and 79.4% in the ranitidine group. Pain relief after one, two and four weeks of treatment was also comparable in the two groups. Side effects to drugs were minor and comparable in both the groups. CONCLUSION: A combination of 150 mg ranitidine and 15 mg propantheline bromide is as efficacious as 300 mg ranitidine in inducing healing of uncomplicated duodenal ulcers, with similar side-effects but at greatly reduced cost.

Úlcera Duodenal/tratamento farmacológico , Propantelina/uso terapêutico , Ranitidina/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Método Duplo-Cego , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Propantelina/administração & dosagem , Ranitidina/administração & dosagem , Fatores de Tempo
Gastroenterol Clin North Am ; 19(4): 873-93, 1990 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-2269523


Pancreatic calculi, once considered pathologic and even "reportable," are frequently observed in patients with chronic pancreatitis. They are not to be considered pathognomonic of chronic alcoholism, because they are frequently observed in other types of chronic pancreatitis, such as the tropical, Afro-Asian, hereditary, idiopathic, and senile varieties. The widely recognized concept that appearance of calculi indicates the end stage of the disease is challenged in this article. The subject of pancreatic lithogenesis is controversial, but pancreatic stone protein has been extensively studied by one major group. Techniques to remove calculi by endoscopy or extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy are available, but it is not clear whether they serve only a cosmetic purpose or actually help in alleviating pain and arresting the progress of disease.

Cálculos , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso , Pancreatopatias , Animais , Cálcio/análise , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/química , Cálculos/química , Cálculos/diagnóstico , Cálculos/patologia , Cálculos/terapia , Bovinos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Litostatina , Pancreatopatias/diagnóstico , Pancreatopatias/metabolismo , Pancreatopatias/patologia , Pancreatopatias/terapia