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1.
Acta Cytol ; 59(1): 113-7, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25547261

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is a vascular neoplasm associated with human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8). Skin and mucous membranes are the most common sites, but other organs may be involved. Skeletal KS is rare and occurs either by direct spread of mucocutaneous lesions or through dissemination. Patients present with bone pain and lytic lesions for which they may undergo fine-needle aspiration (FNA). While there are about 70 published case reports of skeletal KS, there is limited literature specifically describing its cytomorphology. Our literature search yielded only a single prior reported case of FNA biopsy of skeletal KS in a Nigerian AIDS patient. CASE: We present a case of disseminated KS of the axial skeleton in a 45-year-old African-American man with AIDS which was diagnosed on FNA cytologic examination. The patient presented with multiple lytic lesions in the axial skeleton. The aspirate, core-needle biopsy and touch imprint cytology of a bone lesion demonstrated clusters of spindle and epithelioid cells in radial and streaming arrangement with indistinct intercytoplasmic borders, elongated nuclei, fine chromatin and inconspicuous nucleoli. Immunohistochemical studies revealed positivity for HHV-8 and vascular markers. The cytomorphologic and ancillary features of the case are presented and discussed.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/complicações , Osso e Ossos/patologia , Sarcoma de Kaposi/complicações , Sarcoma de Kaposi/patologia , Biópsia , Biópsia por Agulha Fina , Agregação Celular , Forma Celular , Células Epitelioides/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sarcoma de Kaposi/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
2.
Acta Cytol ; 58(3): 297-302, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24852936

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acinar cell cystadenoma (ACC) is a recently recognized cystic lesion of the pancreas that demonstrates acinar differentiation and is currently believed to behave in a benign fashion. ACC enters the differential diagnosis of pancreatic cystic lesions alongside better recognized entities such as mucinous cystic and intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms. Although uncommon, patients with ACC can undergo fine needle aspiration (FNA) of the lesion. However, the diagnosis is rarely made on cytologic examination due to sparse cellularity. Furthermore, the eosinophilic amorphous material in the cyst lumen may be mistaken for mucin, resulting in an incorrect diagnosis of a mucinous cyst. To date, there is a paucity of literature on the cytomorphology of ACC, both in peer-reviewed publications and cytopathology texts. CASE: To our knowledge, we present the first detailed case report of FNA of ACC in a 22-year-old asymptomatic female. The FNA cytology specimen was hypocellular, and the presence of amorphous secretions led to the initial diagnosis of a mucinous-type neoplasm. Following surgical resection, the cytology specimen was reviewed. CONCLUSION: We discuss the cytomorphologic features of ACC along with the potential pitfalls and diagnostic implications.


Assuntos
Células Acinares/patologia , Biópsia por Agulha Fina , Cistadenoma/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Citodiagnóstico/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto Jovem
3.
BMJ Case Rep ; 20142014 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24469845

RESUMO

A 60-year-old woman presented to the accident and emergency department with a 3-day history of lower abdominal pain, which was sudden in onset, localised to the right iliac fossa, constant and aggravated by movements. On examination, she was febrile (100 · F), tachycardic and normotensive. Examination of the abdomen revealed an ill-defined tender mass in the right iliac fossa. A clinical diagnosis of appendicular mass was made and treated conservatively. After a few days the mass became smaller, firmer, mobile and non-tender. Since the mass persisted, the patient was investigated further to rule out carcinoma of the caecum. A contrast-enhanced CT (CECT) of the abdomen showed a mass with air pockets in the caecum, suggestive of caecal faecolith. After 6 weeks, appendicectomy and removal of the faecolith were performed. The postoperative period was uneventful. Histopathology of the appendix showed inflammatory changes confirming appendicitis.


Assuntos
Apendicite/etiologia , Ceco , Impacção Fecal/complicações , Doença Aguda , Apendicectomia , Apendicite/diagnóstico , Apendicite/cirurgia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Impacção Fecal/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
4.
Mod Pathol ; 27(4): 594-601, 2014 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24051700

RESUMO

Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) of pancreatic solid masses can be significantly impacted by sampling variation. Molecular analysis of tumor DNA can be an aid for more definitive diagnosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate how molecular analysis of the cell-free cytocentrifugation supernatant DNA can help reduce sampling variability and increase diagnostic yield. Twenty-three FNA smears from pancreatic solid masses were performed. Remaining aspirates were rinsed for preparation of cytocentrifuged slides or cell blocks. DNA was extracted from supernatant fluid and assessed for DNA quantity spectrophotometrically and for amplifiability by quantitative PCR (qPCR). Supernatants with adequate DNA were analyzed for mutations using PCR/capillary electrophoresis for a broad panel of markers (KRAS point mutation by sequencing, microsatellite fragment analysis for loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of 16 markers at 1p, 3p, 5q, 9p, 10q, 17p, 17q, 21q, and 22q). In selected cases, microdissection of stained cytology smears and/or cytocentrifugation cellular slides were analyzed and compared. In all, 5/23 samples cytologically confirmed as adenocarcinoma showed detectable mutations both in the microdissected slide-based cytology cells and in the cytocentrifugation supernatant. While most mutations detected were present in both microdissected slides and supernatant fluid specimens, the latter showed additional mutations supporting greater sensitivity for detecting relevant DNA damage. Clonality for individual marker mutations was higher in the supernatant fluid than in microdissected cells. Cytocentrifugation supernatant fluid contains levels of amplifiable DNA suitable for mutation detection and characterization. The finding of additional detectable mutations at higher clonality indicates that supernatant fluid may be enriched with tumor DNA. Molecular analysis of the supernatant fluid could serve as an adjunct method to reduce sampling variability and increase diagnostic yield, especially in cases with a high clinical suspicion for malignancy and limited number of atypical cells in the smears.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biópsia por Agulha Fina , Centrifugação , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Mutação , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética , Proteínas ras/genética , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Análise Mutacional de DNA/métodos , DNA de Neoplasias/genética , DNA de Neoplasias/isolamento & purificação , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Perda de Heterozigosidade , Microdissecção , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)
5.
Case Rep Hematol ; 2011: 941637, 2011.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22937316

RESUMO

Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis. We report a fatal case of ECD with extensive cardiac involvement associated with a marginal zone lymphoma and monoclonal proteinemia in a young man. This is the first reported association of ECD with a monoclonal gammopathy or a lymphoma.

6.
Indian J Gastroenterol ; 27(1): 22-8, 2008.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18541934

RESUMO

AIMS: To study the profile of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and the frequency of such symptoms among the general population, in India. METHODS: In this prospective, multi-center study, data were obtained from 2785 patients with chronic lower gastrointestinal symptoms (complainants) with no alarm feature and negative investigations for organic causes visiting physicians at 30 centers, and from 4500 community subjects (non-complainants), using separate questionnaires. RESULTS: Most complainants were middle-aged (mean age 39.4 years) and male (1891; 68%). The common symptoms were: abdominal pain or discomfort (1958; 70%), abdominal fullness (1951; 70%); subjective feeling of constipation (1404 of 2656; 53%), or diarrhea (1252 of 2656, 47%), incomplete evacuation (2134; 77%), mucus with stools (1506; 54%), straining at stools (1271; 46%), epigastric pain (1364; 49%) and milk intolerance (906; 32%). Median stool frequency was similar in patients who felt they had constipation or those who felt they had diarrhea. Information to subtype symptoms using standard criteria was available in 1301 patients; of these, 507 (39%) had constipation-predominant IBS ( 3 3 stools/day) and 744 (57%) had indeterminate symptoms. Among non-complainants, most subjects reported daily defecation frequency of one (2520 [56%]) or two (1535 [34%]). Among non-complainants, 567 (12.6%) reported abdominal pain, 503 (11%) irregular bowel, 1030 (23%) incomplete evacuation, 167 (4%) mucus and 846 (18%) straining at stools; a combination of abdominal pain or discomfort relieved by defecation, and incomplete evacuation was present in 189/4500 (4.2%) community subjects. CONCLUSIONS: Most patients with IBS in India are middle-aged men, and have a sense of incomplete evacuation and mucus with stools. Abdominal pain or discomfort is frequent but not universal. Importantly, stool frequency was similar irrespective of whether the patients felt having constipation or diarrhea. Most (90%) non-complainant subjects had 1 or 2 stools per day; symptoms complex suggestive of IBS was present in 4.2% of community subjects.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/epidemiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Gastroenterologia , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Sociedades Médicas
7.
Oncology (Williston Park) ; 22(3): 341-3, 347, 350; discussion 350-2, 2008 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18494358

RESUMO

Paragangliomas are usually low-grade neoplasms with a benign natural history. While the treatment of paraganglioma has historically been controversial, surgery and radiotherapy have become standardized as therapies of choice for primary therapy. More recently, stereotactic radiosurgery has been used effectively against this rare tumor. The development of metastatic disease in patients with paraganglioma is an unusual and challenging event. This case report and review describes the specific features of this disease and the multiple therapeutic options.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Paraganglioma/diagnóstico , Paraganglioma/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
10.
Indian J Pediatr ; 70(1): 37-9, 2003 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12619951

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Water borne or enterically transmitted non-A-non-B hepatitis is a major public health problem in India. Many of these cases carry fatal outcome. The hepatitis E virus (HEV) has been considered to be the most important causative agent of this entity. The severity and fatality rates of HEV infection are reported to be rather more in pregnant women. However, there is meager information from India, on mother to child transmission of this agent. METHODS: During 1997-98, we studied 60 pregnant women suspected to have acute viral hepatitis to understand the frequency of various viral etiologies, disease course and outcome of the pregnancy. Six cord blood samples were tested for IgG, and IgM antibodies against hepatropic viral agents and also for hepatitis E virus RNA by RT-nested PCR using ORF-1 as target. RESULTS: Of the 60 pregnant patients hospitalised at All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi for acute hepatitis, 22 (37%) were positive for IgM anti-HEV antibodies and 10% were infected with hepatitis B virus. Co-infection of HEV with Hepatitis B and C was seen in 1 and 2 patents, respectively. Most (72%) of the HEV infected patients were in third trimester of pregnancy (P<0.05). Of the 6 cord blood samples tested 3 (50%) were positive for HEV RNA. Though, all mothers were RNA positive, half of the babies did not get infected in utero with HEV. Fourteen of the 22 (63.6%) HEV infected mothers developed fulminant hepatic failure and all died. CONCLUSION: The mortality rate in HEV [corrected] infected mothers was 100%. Mother to child transmission of hepatitis E virus infection was established in 50%.


Assuntos
Hepatite E/transmissão , Transmissão Vertical de Doenças Infecciosas , Adulto , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Feminino , Hepatite E/imunologia , Vírus da Hepatite E/imunologia , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina M/sangue , Índia , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/imunologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Taxa de Sobrevida
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