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1.
Invest Educ Enferm ; 37(2)2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487442

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This work sought to determine the effectiveness of an aerobic exercise program on the occupational stress of nurses. METHODS: Prevention-type controlled clinical trial carried out with the participation of 60 nurses working in hospitals affiliated to Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences in Iran. Randomly, the nurses were assigned to the experimental group or to the control group. The intervention consisted in an aerobic exercise program lasting three months with three weekly sessions one hour each. The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) questionnaire measured occupational stress with 35 questions, each with five Likert-type response options, which can have a maximum score of 175 points; higher scores meant lower levels of occupational stress. The HSE was evaluated during three moments: upon registering, after finishing the exercise program (week 8), and two months after terminating the intervention (week 16). RESULTS: The level of occupational stress was the same in the experimental and control groups during registration (86.2 vs. 86.3). Upon finishing the aerobic exercise program (week 8), the experimental group showed a higher score than the control group (119.7 vs. 86.2, p<0.01), with this score diminishing after two months of having ended the intervention (91.4 vs. 85.8, p=0.061). CONCLUSIONS: The aerobic exercise program was associated to decreased work stress of nurses in the experimental group compared to the control group at eight weeks, but this difference did not persist when the experimental group did not continue with the program.

2.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 37(2): [E05], 15-06-2019. Diag 1, Tab 1, Tab 2
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1007512

RESUMO

Abstract Objective. This work sought to determine the effectiveness of an aerobic exercise program on the occupational stress of nurses. Methods. Prevention-type controlled clinical trial carried out with the participation of 60 nurses working in hospitals affiliated to Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences in Iran. Randomly, the nurses were assigned to the experimental group or to the control group. The intervention consisted in an aerobic exercise program lasting three months with three weekly sessions one hour each. The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) questionnaire measured occupational stress with 35 questions, each with five Likert-type response options, which can have a maximum score of 175 points; higher scores meant lower levels of occupational stress. The HSE was evaluated during three moments: upon registering, after finishing the exercise program (week 8), and two months after terminating the intervention (week 16). Results. The level of occupational stress was the same in the experimental and control groups during registration (86.2 vs. 86.3). Upon finishing the aerobic exercise program(week 8), the experimental group showed a higher score than the control group (119.7 vs. 86.2, p<0.01), with this score diminishing after two months of having ended the intervention (91.4 vs. 85.8, p=0.061). Conclusion. The aerobic exercise program was associated to decreased work stress of nurses in the experimental group compared to the control group at eight weeks, but this difference did not persist when the experimental group did not continue with the program.


Resumen Objetivo. Determinar la efectividad de un programa de ejercicio aeróbico en el estrés ocupacional de las enfermeras. Métodos. Ensayo clínico controlado de tipo preventivo que se llevó a cabo con la participación de 60 enfermeras que trabajaban en hospitales afiliados a Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences en Irán. Las enfermeras se asignaron aleatoriamente al grupo experimental o al grupo control. La intervención consistió en un programa de ejercicio aeróbico realizado durante dos meses con tres sesiones semanales de una hora de duración. El estrés ocupacional se midió con el cuestionario Health and Safety Executive (HSE) de 35 preguntas, con opciones de respuesta tipo Likert que van de 1 a 5; puede llegar a puntuar en 175 como máximo: a mayor puntaje, menor el nivel de estrés ocupacional. Se evaluó el HSE en tres momentos: en la inscripción, después de finalizar el programa de ejercicio (semana 8) y también dos meses después de terminada la intervención (semana 16). Resultados. Fue igual el nivel de estrés ocupacional en los grupos de intervención y de control en la inscripción (86.2 vs. 86.3), pero al finalizar el programa de ejercicios aeróbicos (semana 8) el grupo experimental mostró un puntaje mayor que el del grupo control (119.7 vs. 86.2, p<0.01), para luego disminuir este puntaje a los dos meses de haber finalizado la intervención, (91.4 vs. 85.8, p=0.061). Conclusión. El programa de ejercicio aeróbico se asoció a la disminución del estrés laboral de las enfermeras en el grupo de intervención en comparación con el grupo control a las ocho semanas, pero esta diferencia no se mantuvo cuando el grupo experimental no continuó con el programa.


Resumo Objetivo. Determinar a efetividade de um programa de exercício aeróbico sobre o estresse ocupacional das enfermeiras. Métodos. Ensaio clínico controlado de tipo preventivo que se levou a cabo com a participação de 60 enfermeiras que trabalhavam em hospitais afiliados a Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences no Irã. Em forma aleatorizada, as enfermeiras foram designadas ao grupo experimental ou ao grupo controle. A intervenção consistiu num programa de exercício aeróbico realizado durante dois meses com três sessões semanais de uma hora de duração. O estresse ocupacional se mediu com o questionário Health and Safety Executive (HSE) de 35 perguntas, que tem opções de resposta tipo Likert que vão de 1 a 5, pode chegar a pontuação de 175 como máximo; a maior pontuação, é menor o nível de estresse ocupacional. Se avaliou o HSE em três momentos: a inscrição, depois de finalizar o programa de exercício (semana 8) e também dois meses depois de terminada a intervenção (semana 16). Resultados. Foi igual o nível de estresse ocupacional nos grupos de intervenção e de controle na inscrição (86.2 vs. 86.3), mas ao finalizar o programa de exercícios aeróbicos (semana 8) o grupo experimental mostrou uma pontuação maior que o do grupo controle (119.7 vs. 86.2, p<0.01), para depois diminuir esta pontuação aos dois meses de haver finalizado a intervenção, (91.4 vs. 85.8, p=0.061). Conclusão. O programa de exercício aeróbico se associou à diminuição do estresse profissional das enfermeiras no grupo de intervenção em comparação com o grupo de controle às oito semanas, mas esta diferença não se manteve quando o grupo experimental não continuou com o programa.


Assuntos
Humanos , Grupos Controle , Esforço Físico , Estresse Ocupacional , Enfermeiros
3.
Electron Physician ; 9(12): 5885-5893, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29560138

RESUMO

Background: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), as a chronic digestive disorder, impacts extensively on the quality of life, emotional well-being and self-identity. Chronic illness disrupts taken-for-granted notions about self. No qualitative study was found regarding patients' experience of life with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in Iran. Objective: To explore the self-perception of lived experience of IBS patients. Methods: A qualitative study with hermeneutic phenomenological approach was conducted on 12 IBS patients who had been referred to three central clinics (2 governmental and 1 private) affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. The data were collected through in-depth semi-structured interviews from July 2015 to September 2016 by purposeful sampling. Thematic analysis was carried out using Van Manen's six-step methodological framework as a guide. In addition, MAXQDA software was used for data management. Results: In this study, two main themes "the threatened self" and "deep self-knowledge", emerged during the life of patients with IBS, indicating the meaning of self-perception of such patients. The theme of "the threatened self" consisted of two subthemes of "fear from stigmatization" and "bad sense of self". The subthemes of "body knowledge", "self-acceptance" and "personal growth" were related to deep self-knowledge. Conclusion: The results of the present study could be applied in designing and implementation effective and holistic care of IBS patients.

4.
Int J Nurs Pract ; 21(3): 297-302, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24840020

RESUMO

Stress at clinical environment is one of the cases that could affect the education quality among nursing students. The study aims to investigate Iranian nursing students' perceptions on the stressors in clinical environment in the South Western part of Iran. A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in 2010 to include 300 nursing students after their completion of second clinical nursing course in a hospital environment. Data were collected using a researcher-made questionnaire, with focus on the clinical environment stressors from personal, educational and training viewpoints. Data analysis was performed using SPSS software (IBM Corporation, Armonk, NY, USA) and descriptive statistics tests. Among the various stressors, the highest scores were given to the faculty (71 ± 19.77), followed by the students' personal characteristics (43.15 ± 21.79). Given that faculty-related factors provoked more stress in nursing students, nursing administration should diligently evaluate and improve communication skills among faculty to reduce student stress and enhance learning.


Assuntos
Ambiente de Instituições de Saúde , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25395709

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic and disabling disease resulting in disabilities in young and middle-aged persons. In this study, researchers explored the effect of yoga techniques on physical activities and sexual function among some Iranian women with MS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 60 Iranian women with multiple sclerosis (MS) were placed in two equally divided control and case groups through random selection to assess pre-and post-effects of yoga exercises on their physical activities and sexual satisfaction levels. Women in case group were offered a series of yoga training and exercises for 3 months, which consisted of 8 sessions per month for 60 to 90 minutes at each session. Yoga training program included the 3 principles of slow motions (Hatayoga), respiratory exercises (Pranayama) and centralization to control mind via meditation, expansion and stasis (Rajayoga). After 3 months both groups were surveyed using the initial questionnaire to evaluate and compare findings with the base-line data. RESULTS: Researchers found significant statistical difference in physical activity and sexual satisfaction levels among the women in case group (P=0.001). Women in case group showed improvement in physical ability while women in control group manifested exacerbated symptoms. CONCLUSION: Yoga techniques may improve physical activities and sexual satisfaction function of women with MS.


Assuntos
Exercícios Respiratórios , Exercício , Meditação , Esclerose Múltipla , Satisfação Pessoal , Sexualidade , Ioga , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atividade Motora , Esclerose Múltipla/complicações , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25349868

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tension and stress are among the factors that lead to hypertension. In most individuals, behavioral strategies, such as relaxation and massage, are effective in controlling the individuals' response to stress, thus reducing hypertension. METHODS: This non-blind clinical trial was conducted on 90 patients with primary hypertension. The patients were randomly divided into a control and an intervention group. In both groups, blood pressure was measured and recorded twice a week before and after a 10-min Swedish back massage and rest for 6 weeks. The study data were collected using a questionnaire including demographic information, a check list of blood pressure record, and a fixed manometer. RESULTS: In the intervention group, systolic and diastolic blood pressure decreased to 6.44 and 4.77 mmHg, respectively after back massage (P<0.001). CONCLUSION: The obtained results were indicative of the effectiveness of back massage in reducing blood pressure in the study participants. Using stress control methods, such as massage, is a simple, acceptable, and teachable method for families to control blood pressure. After conducting more studies on this issue, back massage can be recommended as a non-pharmacological method to control blood pressure. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: IRCT2013112615552N1.

7.
ARYA Atheroscler ; 9(3): 186-91, 2013 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23766775

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction (MI) is a life threatening disease that influences the physical, psychological and social dimensions of the individual. Improper lifestyle is one of the causes of this disease. The use of nursing models could be one of the important and fundamental steps in changing the risk factors associated with MI. This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of continuous care model on the lifestyle of patients with MI. METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was carried out on 70 patients with MI in coronary care units of hospitals affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. Enrolled patients were randomly assigned to intervention or control groups using a randomization list (random permutated blocks with length 4). The continuous care model was used for 35 patients in the intervention group for a period of 3 months and in the control group, the usual cares were applied for 35 patients. Data were collected through lifestyle questionnaire before the intervention and 3 months after. The data were analyzed using chi-square, independent t-test and paired t-test. RESULTS: Patients in the intervention group showed significant improvements in lifestyle (125.6 ± 15.4 vs. 180.1 ± 19.9). Moreover, the lifestyle score of intervention group was significantly better than that of the control group (117.9 ± 22.0 vs. 180.1 ± 19.9; P < 0.001) after three months. CONCLUSION: Applying a continuous care model had positive effects on the lifestyle of patients with Myocardial Infarction. In order to reduce the risk factors and improve the lifestyle of patients with MI, nurses could use this model to create an effective change.

8.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 29(1): 61-67, mar. 2011. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-587945

RESUMO

Objective. To determine the effect of education on the incidence rate of occupational exposure esulted from sharp bodies and mucocutaneous contamination with blood and body fluids of patients among nursing personnel of Valiasr Hospital- Fassa, 2008. Methodology. Interventional study. Samples consisted of 120 nurses (60 as study group and 60 as control group) selected by systemic randomized allocation. The study group was trained in occupational exposure for a period of ten hours. The data collecting tool was an occupational exposure questionnaire that was completed forboth groups, before and two months after education. A knowledge test was also applied to both groups before and after education. Data analysis was done by descriptive statistics, frequency, mean and standard deviation, inferential statistics, x², T-test and paired t, and a level of significance p<0.05 was statistically accepted. Results. Results of the research, indicated an increase of the knowledge level and a reduction of the incidence rate of occupational exposure among the study group in such a way that, the knowledge mean score of this group went from 8.1 before education to 14.1 after education (p<0.05). The incidence rate of occupational exposure resulting from sharp bodies and mucocutaneous contamination with blood and body fluids of patients was also reduced after education in the case group (p<0.05). Conclusion. The results of the study indicated improvement of knowledge and practice level in the the case group, concerning occupational exposure due to sharp bodies and mucocutaneous contamination with blood and body fluids of patients after the training intervention. In addition, continuous education in this respect is necessary because its effect lowers with time-lapse.


Objetivo. Determinar el efecto de la educación en la tasa de incidencia de exposición ocupacional por objetos cortopunzantes y por contaminación mucocutánea con sangre y fluidos corporales en enfermeros del Hospital de Valiasr en Fassa (Irán) en 2008. Metodología. Estudio de intervención. Se tomó una muestra de 120 enfermeros (60 en el grupo de estudio y 60 en el grupo control) asignados por aleatoriazación sistemática. El grupo de estudio recibió 10 horas de capacitación en prevención de exposición ocupacional. Para la recolección de datos se utilizó un cuestionario, el cual fue completado por ambos grupos antes y dos meses después de la capacitación, igualmente se aplicó un examen de conocimientos a ambos grupos antes y después de la capacitación. Resultados. Los resultados del estudio indicaron aumento del nivel de conocimiento y disminución de la tasa de incidencia de exposición ocupacional en el grupo de estudio de tal manera que el puntaje de la media del nivel de conocimiento de este grupo alcanzó un puntaje de 8.1 antes de la capacitación a 14.1 después de la capacitación, (p<0.05). Conclusión. El programa educativo se asoció a mejores prácticas preventivas del riesgo de exposición a objetos cortopunzantes y contaminación mucocutánea con sangre y fluidos corporales de pacientes.


Objetivo. Determinar o efeito da educação na taxa de incidência de exposição ocupacional por objetos perfurantes e por contaminação mucocutânea com sangue e fluidos corporais em enfermeiros do Hospital de Valiasr em Fassa (Irã) em 2008. Metodologia. Estudo de intervenção. Tomou-se uma mostra de 120 enfermeiros (60 no grupo de estudo e 60 no grupo controle) atribuídos por escolha aleatória sistemática. O grupo de estudo recebeu 10 horas de capacitação em prevenção de exposição ocupacional. Para a recolha de dados se utilizou um questionário, o qual foi completado por ambos os grupos antes e dois meses depois da capacitação igualmente se aplicou um exame de conhecimentos a ambos os grupos antes e depois da capacitação. Resultados. Os resultados do estudo indicaram aumento do nível de conhecimento e diminuição da taxa incidência de exposição ocupacional no grupo de estudo de tal maneira que a pontuação da média do nível de conhecimento deste grupo atingiu uma pontuação de 8.1 antes da capacitação a 14.1 depois da capacitação, (p<0.05). Conclusão. O programa educativo se associou a melhores práticas preventivas do risco de exposição a objetos perfurantes e contaminação mucocutânea com sangue e fluidos corporais de pacientes.


Assuntos
Humanos , Educação em Enfermagem , Exposição Ocupacional
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