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1.
Clin Hematol Int ; 3(1): 1-2, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34595460
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635798

RESUMO

The impact of GVHD and graft-versus-leukemia effect in unrelated cord blood transplantation (UCBT) is controversial. In the Eurocord/ALWP EBMT and JSTCT/JDCHCT collaborative study, we evaluated the impact of GVHD on UCBT outcomes in Japanese and European registries. A total of 3,690 adult patients with acute leukemia who received their first single UCBT were included. A multivariate analysis of overall survival (OS) revealed a positive impact of grade II acute GVHD compared with grade 0-I GVHD, in the Japanese cohort (hazard ratio (HR), 0.81; P = 0.001), and an adverse impact in the European cohort (HR, 1.37; P = 0.007). A negative impact of grade III-IV acute GVHD on OS was observed regardless of registries. In the analysis of relapse, a positive impact of grade II acutes GVHD compared with grade 0-I GVHD was observed only in the Japanese cohort, regardless of disease risk. The positive impact of limited chronic GVHD on OS was observed only in the Japanese cohort. In conclusion, a positive impact of mild GVHD after a single UCBT was observed only in the Japanese cohort. This could explain the ethnic difference in UCBT outcomes and might contribute to the preference usage of UCBT in Japan.

3.
Haematologica ; 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34647444

RESUMO

Renal impairment (RI) is common in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and new therapies that can improve renal function are needed. The Phase 3 IKEMA study (NCT03275285) investigated isatuximab (Isa) with carfilzomib and dexamethasone (Kd) vs Kd in relapsed MM. This subgroup analysis examined results from patients with RI, defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate.

4.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 993, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488662

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Selinexor is an oral, selective nuclear export inhibitor. STORM was a phase 2b, single-arm, open-label, multicenter trial of selinexor with low dose dexamethasone in patients with penta-exposed relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) that met its primary endpoint, with overall response of 26% (95% confidence interval [CI], 19 to 35%). Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) was a secondary endpoint measured using the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Multiple Myeloma (FACT-MM). This study examines impact of selinexor treatment on HRQoL of patients treated in STORM and reports two approaches to calculate minimal clinically important differences for the FACT-MM. METHODS: FACT-MM data were collected at baseline, on day 1 of each 4-week treatment cycle, and at end of treatment (EOT). Changes from baseline were analyzed for the FACT-MM total score, FACT-trial outcome index (TOI), FACT-General (FACT-G), and the MM-specific domain using mixed-effects regression models. Two approaches for evaluating minimal clinically important differences were explored: the first defined as 10% of the instrument range, and the second based on estimated mean baseline differences between Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS) scores. Post-hoc difference analysis compared change in scores from baseline to EOT for treatment responders and non-responders. RESULTS: Eighty patients were included in the analysis; the mean number of prior therapies was 7.9 (standard deviation [SD] 3.1), and mean duration of myeloma was 7.6 years (SD 3.4). Each exploratory minimal clinically important difference threshold yielded consistent results whereby most patients did not experience HRQoL decline during the first six cycles of treatment (range: 53.9 to 75.7% for the first approach; range: 52.6 to 72.9% for the second). Treatment responders experienced less decline in HRQoL from baseline to EOT than non-responders, which was significant for the FACT-G, but not for other scores. CONCLUSION: The majority of patients did not experience decline in HRQoL based on minimal clinically important differences during early cycles of treatment with selinexor and dexamethasone in the STORM trial. An anchor-based approach utilizing patient-level data (ECOG PS score) to define minimal clinically important differences for the FACT-MM gave consistent results with a distribution-based approach. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial was registered on ClinicalTrials.gov under the trial-ID NCT02336815 on January 8, 2015.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Dexametasona/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Hidrazinas/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Triazóis/administração & dosagem
5.
Lancet Oncol ; 22(10): 1378-1390, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34529931

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: CASSIOPEIA part 1 showed superior depth of response and significantly improved progression-free survival with daratumumab, bortezomib, thalidomide, and dexamethasone (D-VTd) versus bortezomib, thalidomide, and dexamethasone (VTd) as induction and consolidation in patients with autologous stem-cell transplant (ASCT)-eligible newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. In part 2, we compared daratumumab maintenance versus observation only. METHODS: CASSIOPEIA is a two-part, open-label, randomised, phase 3 trial of patients aged 18-65 years with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0-2, done in 111 European academic and community practice centres. In part 1, patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to induction and consolidation with D-VTd or VTd. Patients still on study who had a partial response or better were randomly assigned (1:1) by an interactive web-response system to daratumumab 16 mg/kg intravenously every 8 weeks (a reduced frequency compared with standard daratumumab long-term dosing) or observation only for up to 2 years. Stratification factors were induction treatment and depth of response in part 1. The part 2 primary endpoint was progression-free survival from second randomisation. This preplanned interim analysis of progression-free survival was done after 281 events and shall be considered the primary analysis of progression-free survival. Sponsor personnel and designees who were involved in the analysis were masked to treatment group until the independent data monitoring committee recommended that the preplanned interim analysis be considered the main analysis of progression-free survival in part 2. Otherwise, treatment assignments were unmasked. The interaction between induction and consolidation and maintenance was tested at a two-sided significance level of 0·05 by a stratified Cox regression model that included the interaction term between maintenance treatment and induction and consolidation treatment. Efficacy analyses were done in the maintenance-specific intention-to-treat population, which comprised all patients who underwent second randomisation. Safety was analysed in all patients in the daratumumab group who received at least one dose and all patients randomly assigned to observation only. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02541383. Long-term follow-up is ongoing and the trial is closed to new participants. FINDINGS: Between May 30, 2016, and June 18, 2018, 886 patients (458 [84%] of 543 in the D-VTd group and 428 [79%] of 542 in the VTd group) were randomly assigned to daratumumab maintenance (n=442) or observation only (n=444). At a median follow-up of 35·4 months (IQR 30·2-39·9) from second randomisation, median progression-free survival was not reached (95% CI not evaluable [NE]-NE) with daratumumab versus 46·7 months (40·0-NE) with observation only (hazard ratio 0·53, 95% CI 0·42-0·68, p<0·0001). A prespecified analysis of progression-free survival results showed a significant interaction between maintenance and induction and consolidation therapy (p<0·0001). The most common grade 3 or 4 adverse events were lymphopenia (16 [4%] of 440 patients in the daratumumab group vs eight [2%] of 444 patients in the observation-only group), hypertension (13 [3%] vs seven [2%]), and neutropenia (nine [2%] vs ten [2%]). Serious adverse events occurred in 100 (23%) patients in the daratumumab group and 84 (19%) patients in the observation-only group. In the daratumumab group, two adverse events led to death (septic shock and natural killer-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma); both were related to treatment. INTERPRETATION: Daratumumab maintenance every 8 weeks for 2 years significantly reduced the risk of disease progression or death compared with observation only. Longer follow-up and other ongoing studies will shed further light on the optimal daratumumab-containing post-ASCT maintenance treatment strategy. FUNDING: Janssen Research & Development, the Intergroupe Francophone du Myélome, and the Dutch-Belgian Cooperative Trial Group for Hematology Oncology.

6.
Ann Hematol ; 100(11): 2787-2797, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34476574

RESUMO

Haploidentical transplantation has extended the availability of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (alloHCT) to almost all patients. Sequential conditioning regimens have been proposed for the treatment of hematological active disease. Whether these new transplantation procedures affect the prognosis of critically ill alloHCT recipients remains unknown. We evaluated this question in a retrospective study including consecutive alloHCT patients admitted to the intensive care unit of a tertiary academic center from 2010 to 2017. During the study period, 412 alloHCTs were performed and 110 (27%) patients-median age 55 (36-64) years-were admitted to ICU in a median time of 58.5 (14-245) days after alloHCT. Twenty-nine (26%) patients had received a haploidentical graft and 34 (31%) a sequential conditioning. Median SOFA score was 9 (6-11). Invasive mechanical ventilation (MV) was required in 61 (55%) patients. Fifty-six (51%) patients died in the hospital. Independent factors associated with in-hospital mortality were as follows: MV (OR=8.44 [95% CI 3.30-23.19], p<0.001), delta SOFA between day 3 and day 1 (OR=1.60 [95% CI 1.31-2.05], p<0.0001), and sequential conditioning (OR=3.7 [95% CI 1.14-12.92], p=0.033). Sequential conditioning was also independently associated with decreased overall survival (HR=1.86 [95% CI 1.05-3.31], p=0.03). Other independent factors associated with reduced overall survival were HCT-specific comorbidity index ≥2 (HR=1.76 [95% CI 1.10-2.84], p=0.02), acute GVHD grade ≥2 (HR=1.88 [95% CI 1.14-3.10], p=0.01), MV (HR=2.37 [95% CI 1.38-4.07, p=0.002), and vasopressors (HR=2.21 [95% CI 1.38-3.54], p=0.001). Haploidentical transplantation did not affect outcome. Larger multicenter studies are warranted to confirm these results.

7.
Leuk Lymphoma ; : 1-7, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587856

RESUMO

Prior studies have reported pulmonary function tests (PFT) before and after related and unrelated allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). However, limited data exist on the evaluation of lung function after haploidentical stem cell transplantation (HAPLO) with post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCY). We retrospectively reported the evaluation of PFTs at screening before HAPLO in 80 patients at 100 days and 1 year of follow-up. The proportion of surviving patients with available PFTs at 100 days and 1 year were 86% and 68%, respectively. During the follow-up period, four patients met the criteria for bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome and two for interstitial lung disease. Overall survival was 73% (95% CI 62-82%) at 2 years. We observed a significant reduction in diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide (DLCO) corrected for the most recent hemoglobin concentration (DLCOc) at 100 days after HAPLO. However, an overall substantial stable pulmonary function was observed at 1 year.

8.
J Transl Med ; 19(1): 375, 2021 08 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34461933

RESUMO

Systemic sclerosis is an autoimmune disease characterized by excessive dermal fibrosis with progression to internal organs, vascular impairment and immune dysregulation evidenced by the infiltration of inflammatory cells in affected tissues and the production of auto antibodies. While the pathogenesis remains unclear, several data highlight that T and B cells deregulation is implicated in the disease pathogenesis. Over the last decade, aberrant responses of circulating T follicular helper cells, a subset of CD4 T cells which are able to localise predominantly in the B cell follicles through a high level of chemokine receptor CXCR5 expression are described in pathogenesis of several autoimmune diseases and chronic graft-versus-host-disease. In the present review, we summarized the observed alteration of number and frequency of circulating T follicular helper cells in systemic sclerosis. We described their role in aberrant B cell activation and differentiation though interleukine-21 secretion. We also clarified T follicular helper-like cells involvement in fibrogenesis in both human and mouse model. Finally, because T follicular helper cells are involved in both fibrosis and autoimmune abnormalities in systemic sclerosis patients, we presented the different strategies could be used to target T follicular helper cells in systemic sclerosis, the therapeutic trials currently being carried out and the future perspectives from other auto-immune diseases and graft-versus-host-disease models.


Assuntos
Escleroderma Sistêmico , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores , Animais , Linfócitos B , Humanos , Camundongos , Receptores CXCR5 , Células T Auxiliares Foliculares
9.
Blood Cancer J ; 11(8): 142, 2021 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34376633

RESUMO

This study evaluated the safety and immunogenicity of BNT162b2 vaccine in patients with hematological malignancies. Antibodies blocking spike binding to immobilized ACE-2 (NAb) correlated with anti-Spike (S) IgG d42 titers (Spearman r = 0.865, p < 0.0001), and an anti-S IgG d42 level ≥3100 UA/mL was predictive of NAb ≥ 30%, the positivity cutoff for NAb (p < 0.0001). Only 47% of the patients achieved an anti-S IgG d42 level ≥3100 UA/mL after the two BNT162b2 inocula, compared to 87% of healthy controls. In multivariable analysis, male patients, use of B-cell targeting treatment within the last 12 months prior to vaccination, and CD19+ B-cell level <120/uL, were associated with a significantly decreased probability of achieving a protective anti-S IgG level after the second BNT162b2 inoculum. Finally, using the IFN-γ ELISPOT assay, we found a significant increase in T-cell response against the S protein, with 53% of patients having an anti-S IgG-positive ELISPOT after the second BNT162b2 inoculum. There was a correlation between the anti-S ELISPOT response and IgG d42 level (Spearman r = 0.3026, p = 0.012). These findings suggest that vaccination with two BNT162b2 inocula translates into a significant increase in humoral and cellular response in patients with hematological malignancies, but only around half of the patients can likely achieve effective immune protection against COVID-19.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/imunologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/complicações , Neoplasias Hematológicas/imunologia , Imunogenicidade da Vacina , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Imunidade Adaptativa , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Vacinas contra COVID-19/administração & dosagem , Comorbidade , Feminino , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
10.
JACC CardioOncol ; 3(2): 250-259, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34396331

RESUMO

Background: Post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PT-Cy) has become a standard of care in haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) to reduce the risk of graft-versus-host disease. However, data on cardiac events associated with PT-Cy are scarce. Objectives: This study sought to assess the incidence and clinical features of cardiac events associated with PT-Cy. Methods: The study compared clinical outcomes between patients who received PT-Cy (n = 136) and patients who did not (n = 195), with a focus on early cardiac events (ECE) occurring within the first 100 days after HSCT. All patients had the same systematic cardiac monitoring. Results: The cumulative incidence of ECE was 19% in the PT-Cy group and 6% in the no-PT-Cy group (p < 0.001). The main ECE occurring after PT-Cy were left ventricular systolic dysfunction (13%), acute pulmonary edema (7%), pericarditis (4%), arrhythmia (3%), and acute coronary syndrome (2%). Cardiovascular risk factors were not associated with ECE. In multivariable analysis, the use of PT-Cy was associated with ECE (hazard ratio: 2.7; 95% confidence interval: 1.4 to 4.9; p = 0.002]. Older age, sequential conditioning regimen, and Cy exposure before HSCT were also associated with a higher incidence of ECE. Finally, a history of cardiac events before HSCT and ECE had a detrimental impact on overall survival. Conclusions: PT-Cy is associated with a higher incidence of ECE occurring within the first 100 days after HSCT. Patients who have a cardiac event after HSCT have lower overall survival. These results may help to improve the selection of patients who are eligible to undergo HSCT with PT-Cy, especially older adult patients and patients with previous exposure to Cy.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34373225

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND: The treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in patients older than 70 is extremely challenging with dismal outcome. Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloHCT) has seen many advancements in the last decades showing benefits in younger ALL patients, but this treatment modality is decreasingly used with increasing age due to high treatment-related mortality. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We identified 84 ALL patients 70 to 84 years old allografted In 2002 to 2019 from a matched related (23%), unrelated (58%), haploidentical (17%), or cord blood (2%) donor at EBMT participating centers with a median follow-up of 23 months. RESULTS: The 2-year relapse incidence (RI) and non-relapse mortality were 37% and 28%, respectively, and 2-year leukemia-free survival (LFS), overall survival (OS) and GVHD-free, relapse-free survival (GRFS) were 35%, 39% and 23%, respectively. The strongest predictor of outcome was disease status at transplant whereby patients in first complete remission (CR1) had >50% 2-year OS, reflected in multivariate analysis (MVA) with significant improvement in RI, LFS, and GRFS (HR 0.23, 0.49, and 0.54, respectively). Furthermore, karnofsky score ≥90 reflective of good functional status positively influenced non-relapse mortality in both univariate and MVA (HR 0.37), and interestingly, donor CMV positivity appeared to negatively affect RI, LFS and OS in univariate analysis and RI in MVA (HR 2.87). CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that alloHCT is an option for elderly ALL patients, particularly those carefully selected and transplanted in CR1 especially if failed or without access to novel non-chemotherapy-based approaches.

12.
Mucosal Immunol ; 14(5): 1127-1132, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34282272

RESUMO

Patients receiving allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT) were previously shown to display a bacterial gut dysbiosis; however, limited data are available regarding the role of fungal microbiota in these patients. We evaluated the bacterial and fungal composition of the fecal microbiota at day 0 of alloHCT. Higher bacterial diversity was associated with an improved overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). While fungal diversity had no impact on patient outcomes, we observed that high versus low relative abundance of Candida albicans in alloHCT patients at day 0 was associated with a significantly lower OS, DFS and graft-versus-host-free, relapse-free survival (GRFS) (p = 0.0008, p = 0.0064 and p = 0.026, respectively). While these results are limited by low patient numbers and low fungal read counts in some samples, they suggest a potentially important role for C albicans in alloHCT.

13.
Blood ; 138(16): 1406-1411, 2021 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34324647

RESUMO

Multiple myeloma is usually considered an incurable disease. However, with the therapeutic improvement observed in the past few years, achievement of an operational cure is increasingly becoming a realistic goal. The advent of novel agents, with or without high-dose chemotherapy or autologous transplantation, revealed a correlation between depth of response to treatment and outcome. Of note, minimal residual disease (MRD) negativity has been shown to be associated with improved progression-free survival (PFS), and MRD status is becoming a well-established and strong prognostic factor. Here, we discuss the impact of MRD negativity on PFS and long-term disease control, as a surrogate for potential cure in a significant proportion of patients. MRD value and impact should be examined by focusing on different parameters: (1) sensitivity or lower limit of detection level (method used), (2) timing of assessment and sustainability, (3) type and duration of treatment, (4) initial prognostic factors (most importantly cytogenetics), and (5) patient age. Currently, the highest probability of operational cure is in younger patients receiving the most active drugs, in combination with autologous transplantation followed by maintenance therapy. Older patients are also likely to achieve operational cure, especially if they are treated upfront with anti-CD38 antibody-based therapy but also with novel immunotherapies in future protocols. Incorporation of MRD as a surrogate end point in clinical trials would enable shorter trials, leading to more personalized management and achievement of long-term cure.

14.
Blood Cancer J ; 11(7): 126, 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34244478

RESUMO

Hodgkin lymphoma is a highly curable disease. Although most patients achieve complete response following frontline therapy, key unmet clinical needs remain including relapsed/refractory disease, treatment-related morbidity, impaired quality of life and poor outcome in patients older than 60 years. The incorporation of novel therapies, including check point inhibitors and antibody-drug conjugates, into the frontline setting, sequential approaches, and further individualized treatment intensity may address these needs. We summarize the current treatment options for patients with classical Hodgkin lymphoma from frontline therapy to allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and describe novel trials in the field.

15.
Blood ; 137(26): 3584-3586, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34196682
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34247199

RESUMO

Since cord blood transplantation (CBT) has been associated with high graft-versus-leukemia effects and a low incidence of chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), we hypothesized that long-term outcomes might be better in CBT patients than in those given grafts from unrelated donors (UD). Therefore, we performed a landmark study comparing long-term outcomes in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients alive and disease-free 2 years after transplantation who received grafts from either CBT or UD. A total of 364 CBT recipients, 2648 UD 10/10 patients and 681 patients given grafts from UD 9/10 were included. Median follow-up was 6.0 years. Five-year leukemia-free survival (LFS) from transplantation was 86% in CBT patients, 84% in UD 10/10 patients (P = 0.36) and 84% in UD 9/10 patients (P = 0.86). On multivariate analysis, donor type had no impact on LFS. Similarly, no impact of donor type was observed on relapse incidence or non-relapse mortality. Factors associated with poorer LFS on multivariate analysis included higher age at transplantation (P < 0.001), male gender (P < 0.001), second complete remission (CR2) versus CR1 (P = 0.05), secondary AML (P = 0.01), antecedent of chronic GVHD (P < 0.001) and poor-risk cytogenetics (P = 0.01). In conclusion, our study shows that long-term outcome for AML patients in CR two years after transplantation is not impacted by donor type.

17.
Transplant Cell Ther ; 27(8): 642-649, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34304802

RESUMO

Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) is potentially curative for certain hematologic malignancies and nonmalignant diseases. The field of allo-HCT has witnessed significant advances, including broadening indications for transplantation, availability of alternative donor sources, less toxic preparative regimens, new cell manipulation techniques, and novel GVHD prevention methods, all of which have expanded the applicability of the procedure. These advances have led to clinical practice conundrums when applying traditional definitions of hematopoietic recovery, graft rejection, graft failure, poor graft function, and donor chimerism, because these may vary based on donor type, cell source, cell dose, primary disease, graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis, and conditioning intensity, among other variables. To address these contemporary challenges, we surveyed a panel of allo-HCT experts in an attempt to standardize these definitions. We analyzed survey responses from adult and pediatric transplantation physicians separately. Consensus was achieved for definitions of neutrophil and platelet recovery, graft rejection, graft failure, poor graft function, and donor chimerism, but not for delayed engraftment. Here we highlight the complexities associated with the management of mixed donor chimerism in malignant and nonmalignant hematologic diseases, which remains an area for future research. We recognize that there are multiple other specific, and at times complex, clinical scenarios for which clinical management must be individualized.


Assuntos
Quimerismo , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Adulto , Criança , Rejeição de Enxerto/prevenção & controle , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Transplante Homólogo , Estados Unidos
18.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 39 Suppl 131(4): 20-24, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34323682

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease with fibrosis, microangiopathy and immune dysfunction. B cell abnormalities characterised by autoantibody production and polyclonal B cell activation play an important role in the pathogenesis of SSc. We previously identified an expansion of functional and activated circulating T follicular helper (cTfh) cells in SSc patients. The aim of this study was to analyse the frequency of regulatory B (Breg) cell subsets and the correlation with Tfh in SSc patients. METHODS: Circulating Breg cells CD24hiCD38hi and CD27+CD24hi levels and cTfh cells CD4+CXCR5+PD1+ were determined by cytometry in 50 SSc patients and 32 healthy subjects. RESULTS: The frequency of Breg cells CD24hiCD38hi and CD24hiCD27+ was significantly reduced in patients with SSc as compared to controls (p=0.02 and p<0.001, respectively). In contrast, when examining the CD21low B cell subset, the frequency was significantly increased in SSc patients compared to healthy controls, (p<0.001). There was no difference in Breg cell levels in patients with diffuse SSc and limited SSc. However, CD24hiCD27+ Breg cell frequency was significantly decreased in SSc patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (p=0.014), but not in patients with interstitial lung disease (p=0.058). Furthermore, we observed a negative correlation between cTfh and CD24hiCD27+ Breg cell levels in SSc patients but not in healthy controls (p=0.02). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that Breg cell subsets may participate in the regulation of cTfh and disease severity. Decreased CD24hiCD27+ Breg cell frequency may contribute to the development of SSc.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B Reguladores , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Humanos , Ativação Linfocitária , Receptores CXCR5 , Células T Auxiliares Foliculares , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores
19.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 56(10): 2445-2453, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34059800

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia with runt-related transcription factor 1 gene mutation (RUNX1+ AML) is associated with inferior response rates and outcome after conventional chemotherapy. We performed a retrospective, registry-based analysis to elucidate the prognostic value of RUNX1 mutation after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT). All consecutive adults undergoing alloSCT for AML in first complete remission (CR1) between 2013 and 2019 with complete information on conventional cytogenetics and RUNX1 mutational status were included. Endpoints of interest were cumulative relapse incidence, non-relapse mortality, overall and leukemia-free survival (OS/LFS), and GvHD-free/relapse-free survival. A total of 674 patients (183 RUNX1+, 491 RUNX1-) were identified, with >85% presenting as de novo AML. Median follow-up was 16.4 (RUNX1+) and 21.9 (RUNX1-) months. Survival rates showed no difference between RUNX1+ and RUNX1- patients either in univariate or multivariate analysis (2-year OS: 67.7 vs. 66.1%, p = 0.7; 2-year LFS: 61.1 vs. 60.8%, p = 0.62). Multivariate analysis identified age, donor type and poor cytogenetics as risk factors for inferior outcome. Among patients with RUNX+ AML, older age, reduced intensity conditioning and minimal residual disease at alloSCT predicted inferior outcome. Our data provide evidence that the negative influence of RUNX1 mutations in patients with AML can be overcome by transplantation in CR1.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Idoso , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Mutação , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante
20.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 56(10): 2454-2463, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34059801

RESUMO

Severe hepatic veno-occlusive disease/sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (VOD/SOS) is a potentially life-threatening complication of haematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). This multinational, prospective, observational study (NCT03032016), performed by the EBMT, enrolled patients treated with defibrotide from April 2015 to July 2018. This analysis focused on defibrotide-treated patients with VOD/SOS post-HCT. The primary endpoint was incidence of serious adverse events (SAEs) of interest up to 12 months post-HCT in patients with severe VOD/SOS. Overall, 104 defibrotide-treated patients with VOD/SOS post-HCT were enrolled: 62 had severe VOD/SOS and comprised the primary study population, including 36 with multi-organ dysfunction/failure (MOD/MOF). SAEs of interest occurred in 20 of 62 (32%) severe VOD/SOS patients; the most common by category were infection (24%) and bleeding (13%). In patients with severe VOD/SOS, the Kaplan-Meier-estimated Day 100 survival rate was 73% (95% CI: 60%, 82%) with VOD/SOS resolution by Day 100 in 45 of 62 (73%) patients. MOD/MOF resolved in 19 of 36 (53%) patients with MOD/MOF at VOD/SOS diagnosis. Results from this multicentre registry study build on prior defibrotide studies supporting the utility of defibrotide for the treatment of VOD/SOS post-HCT. These results provide additional real-world evidence of the effectiveness and safety of defibrotide in patients with VOD/SOS post-HCT.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Hepatopatia Veno-Oclusiva , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Hepatopatia Veno-Oclusiva/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatopatia Veno-Oclusiva/etiologia , Humanos , Polidesoxirribonucleotídeos , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros
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