Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 15 de 15
Filtrar
1.
Am J Surg ; 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34756584

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to assess the impact of treatment sequencing on long-term survival, in distal gastric cancers (GCs) (stage IB/II/III). METHODS: This retrospective study included patients with distal GC undergoing D2 resection. Outcomes were compared between group 1 (surgery with adjuvant chemotherapy) and group 2 (perioperative chemotherapy with surgery). 1:1 matching for baseline characteristics (age, cT, and cN stage) was performed for outcome comparison. RESULTS: At a median follow-up of 47.5 months in the included 342 patients, the 5-year overall survival (OS) was 61.1% and disease-free survival (DFS) was 50.5%. OS was comparable in the unmatched (group 1, n = 118; group 2, n = 224) (HR 0.905, 95%CI 0.64-1.33, P = 0.615) and matched groups (group 1, n = 97; group 2, n = 97) (HR 0.77, 95% CI 0.48-1.26, P = 0.3). CONCLUSION: D2 resection followed by adjuvant chemotherapy provides similar long-term outcomes as compared to perioperative chemotherapy approach for stage IB/II/III distal GCs.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34654962

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The management of patients with elevated CEA after curative treatment of colorectal cancers without structural disease is uncertain. The aim was to study the clinical risk factors, CEA thresholds, and kinetics that could predict relapses. METHODS: Retrospective study of colorectal cancers patients that were detected to have an elevated CEA (> 5 ng/ml on 2 separate occasions) and normal clinical exam, colonoscopy, and positron emission tomography (PET). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were generated to determine the optimal cutoff for absolute CEA values and proportional rise that could predict recurrences. RESULTS: 162 patients were followed for a median of 42 months. 32 patients (19.7%) relapsed of which 11 (34.4%) had a peritoneal disease. Besides known clinical risk factors, higher CEA at the time of negative PET and rising CEA trend predicted disease recurrence on multivariate logistic regression. CEA threshold of 10.05 ng/ml provided a sensitivity/specificity of 53%/86.2%, while CEA velocity of 1.36 ng/ml over 3 months presented a sensitivity/specificity of 80%/70.6% for subsequent relapse. CONCLUSIONS: The discriminatory value of CEA kinetics was more than that of a single absolute value. An algorithm for managing these patients based on clinical risk factors, absolute CEA value, and its kinetics is suggested.

3.
Indian J Surg Oncol ; : 1-10, 2021 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34366602

RESUMO

Ewing's sarcoma (ES)/primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) are a rare group of tumors commonly arising from bones, uncommonly from soft tissues, and rarely from abdomen. The aim of the study was to analyze the outcome (recurrence-free survival[RFS]), patient characteristics, role of FDG-PET (fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography) computerized scan, chemotherapy and radiation, and prognostic factors. We retrospectively studied patients diagnosed with abdominal ES/PNET and treated surgically between June 2005 and November 2019. Ten patients were included in the study, with a median age of 36.5 years (19-46 years). The median follow-up was 25 months (3-178 months). The site of origin was the retroperitoneum, small bowel, and abdominal wall in six, two, and two patients, respectively. 70% of patients were treated with induction chemotherapy. R0 resection was achieved in 90% of patients. With chemotherapy, there was significant reduction in tumor size (p = 0.034) with non-significant reduction in SUV max (p = 0.31). The 1- and 2-year RFS were 88.90% and 76.20%, respectively. Pathological peritoneal metastasis and ability to achieve R0 resection were prognostic factors affecting RFS. These patients must be offered multimodality treatment. Induction chemotherapy significantly reduces the tumor size. Pathological peritoneal metastasis and ability to achieving R0 resection significantly affect survival.

4.
Indian J Surg Oncol ; 12(2): 272-278, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34295070

RESUMO

The ACOSOG Z0011 study, heralded as a "practice changing" trial, suggested that women with T1-2 breast cancer with 1-2 SLN+, undergoing breast conservation therapy, need not be offered further ALND. However, whether these results are applicable to all women in the Indian setting, it remains debatable. A retrospective audit of all cN0 operated from 2013 to 2018 was conducted. We analyzed the percentage of additional LN positive (LN+) in the ALND group and compared it to the ACOZOG Z11 trial. Of the 2350 cN0 with EBC who underwent LAS, 687 (29%) had positive lymph nodes on final histopathology. Five hundred ninety-seven (86.9%) patients had 1-2 LN+, 40 (5.8%) patients had 3 LN+, and 50 (7.3%) had 4 or more nodes positive. Demographic features in the ACOSOG Z11 are different from those in our study, looking at ACOZOG Z11 versus our cohort-median pT 1.7 cm versus 3 cm, 45% micrometastasis versus 99.16% macrometastasis, and 28-30% grade 3 tumors versus 73.7%. In our cohort 31.82% of the 1-2 LN positive had additional LN+ on ALND. Keeping in mind the difference in clinicopathological features between our cohort and that of ACOZOG Z0011 and that 31.82% of women had additional LN+ on ALND, it may not be appropriate to apply the results of the ACOSOG Z0011 trial directly to our general population. Possibly, only a select subset of patients who match the trial population of the ACOSOG Z11 could be offered observation of the axilla and validated nomograms can be used to identify high-risk patients.

5.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 264: 168-172, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34304025

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endometrial serous carcinoma (ESC) is an aggressive neoplasm wherein the recent studies have shown that it arises from its putative precursor namely the serous endometrial intraepithelial carcinoma (SEIC). SEIC usually arises in inactive/ atrophic endometrium but surprisingly is frequently associated endometrial polyps (EPs). The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of SEIC with or without invasion, its clinical behaviour and association with endometrial polyp. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After Institutional review board approval, a total of 205 samples (belonging to 120 patients); diagnosed as ESC from January 2009 to December 2015 were retrieved and reviewed for presence of in situ carcinoma and also for associated endometrial polyp. RESULTS: The mean age at diagnosis was 62.40 years with postmenopausal bleeding being the most common presenting symptom. The incidence of SEIC with or without invasive tumor was 40% (48/120). Of these 48 cases; 25 cases were associated with in-situ carcinoma arising in the EPs which amounted to 52% of the total cases. The overall three year survival and disease free survival in SEIC with or without invasion were 1.9% and 0.25%, indicating the aggressive nature of the disease. CONCLUSION: SEIC is a difficult histopathological diagnosis and one should carefully look for these lesion, especially in the EPs which are frequently associated with them. Extensive sampling of the EP will be helpful to pick up in-situ carcinoma arising in EP. SEIC is an aggressive disease on its own with a propensity to develop distant metastasis even in the absence of myometrial invasion and hence should be treated with optimum surgical staging and if indicated aggressive adjuvant treatment protocols.


Assuntos
Carcinoma in Situ , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso , Neoplasias do Endométrio , Pólipos , Neoplasias Uterinas , Carcinoma in Situ/epidemiologia , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pólipos/epidemiologia , Atenção Terciária à Saúde
6.
PLoS One ; 16(7): e0253722, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34292933

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is scant data from India on efficacy and safety of palbociclib and ribociclib in routine clinical practice. METHODS: This retrospective, observational, single institution study included patients with estrogen and/or progesterone receptor positive and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) negative metastatic breast cancers, who received palbociclib or ribociclib with any partner endocrine therapy in any line of treatment between January 2016 and June 2019. Data were analyzed for progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) and toxicity. RESULTS: The study included 101 female patients with median age of 57 (IQR 48-62) years, of whom 80 (79.2%) were postmenopausal, 79 (78.2%) received palbociclib or ribociclib in second- or later-line treatment, 59 (58.4%) received fulvestrant and 41 (40.6%) received an aromatase inhibitor. In first-line treatment, at a median follow-up of 21.7 (0.5-41.9) months, median PFS and OS were 21.1 (95%CI 16.36-not estimable) months and not reached, respectively. In second- or later-line setting, at a median follow-up of 17.2 (0.5-43.7) months, median PFS and OS were 5.98 (95%CI 4.96-7.89) months and 20.2 (95%CI 14.1-not estimable) months, respectively. Grade 3-4 neutropenia and febrile neutropenia were seen in 45 (45.0%) and 9 (9.0%) patients, respectively while dose reduction was required in 32 (31.7%) patients. In multivariable Cox regression analysis, first-line setting (HR 0.49, 95%CI 0.25-0.97, p = 0.043) and ECOG performance status 1 (HR 0.43, 95%CI 0.20-0.91, p = 0.028) were significantly associated with PFS while only ECOG PS 1 was significantly associated (HR 0.04, 95%CI 0.008-0.206, p = 0.000) with OS. CONCLUSION: Palbociclib and ribociclib, when used in routine clinical practice in first or subsequent lines of treatment, resulted in efficacy and toxicity outcomes in concordance with those expected from pivotal trials.


Assuntos
Aminopiridinas/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Mama , Piperazinas/administração & dosagem , Purinas/administração & dosagem , Piridinas/administração & dosagem , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo , Idoso , Aminopiridinas/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Piperazinas/efeitos adversos , Purinas/efeitos adversos , Piridinas/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
7.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 68(9): e29081, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33991401

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Outcome and toxicity data in adolescent-adult Ewing sarcoma (AA-ES) patients are sparse and merits exploration. METHODS: Histopathologically confirmed, nonmetastatic AA-ES patients, who received standard institutional combination chemotherapy regimen (Ewing's family of tumors-2001 [EFT-2001]) comprising of ifosfamide plus etoposide and vincristine, doxorubicin plus cyclophosphamide, lasting a total of 12 months between 2013 and 2018, were analyzed for treatment-related toxicities, event-free survival (EFS), and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: There were 235 patients (primary safety cohort [PSC]) with median age of 23 (15-61) years; 159 (67.7%) were males, 155 (65.9%) had skeletal primary and 114 (48.5%) had extremity tumors. One hundred ninety-six (83.4%) were treatment naïve (primary efficacy cohort [PEC]) and of these 119 (60.7%) had surgery. In PEC, at a median follow-up of 36.4 (interquartile range [IQR] 20-55) months, estimated 3-year EFS and OS were 67.3% (95% CI 60.3-75.1%) and 91.1% (95% CI 86.7-95.7%), respectively. Of these, 158 (80.6%) complying with intended treatment, at a median follow-up of 39 (IQR 26-57) months had an estimated 3-year EFS of 68.2% (95% CI 60.3-76.1%). In multivariable analysis, good prognostic factors included longer symptom(s) duration (HR 0.93, 95% CI 0.86-0.994), ≥99% necrosis (HR 0.30, 95% CI 0.11-0.77), and treatment completion (HR 0.32, 95% CI 0.14-0.74). Among PSC, grade 3-4 toxicities were febrile neutropenia (119, 50.6%), anemia (130, 55.3%), peripheral neuropathy (37, 15.7%), with three (1.3%) chemo-toxic deaths. CONCLUSIONS: The outcomes of AA nonmetastatic ES patients treated with EFT-2001 regimen were comparable to those reported by others, with acceptable toxicity. This regimen can be considered a standard of care in AA-ES.

8.
JCO Glob Oncol ; 7: 464-473, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33822644

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate stress levels among the health care workers (HCWs) of the radiation oncology community in Asian countries. METHODS: HCWs of the radiation oncology departments from 29 tertiary cancer care centers of Bangladesh, India, Indonesia and Nepal were studied from May 2020 to July 2020. A total of 758 eligible HCWs were identified. The 7-Item Generalized Anxiety Disorder, 9-Item Patient Health Questionnaire, and 22-Item Impact of Events Scale-Revised were used for assessing anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Univariate and multivariate analysis was done to identify the causative factors affecting mental health. RESULTS: A total of 758 participants from 794 HCWs were analyzed. The median age was 31 years (IQR, 27-28). The incidence of moderate to severe levels of anxiety, depression, and stress was 34.8%, 31.2%, and 18.2%, respectively. Severe personal concerns were noticed by 60.9% of the staff. On multivariate analysis, the presence of commonly reported symptoms of COVID-19 during the previous 2 weeks, contact history (harzard ratio [HR], 2.04; CI, 1.15 to 3.63), and compliance with precautionary measures (HR, 1.69; CI, 1.19 to 2.45) for COVID-19 significantly predicted for increasing anxiety (HR, 2.67; CI, 1.93 to 3.70), depression (HR, 3.38; CI 2.36 to 4.84), and stress (HR, 2.89; CI, 1.88 to 4.43) (P < .001). A significant regional variation was also noticed for anxiety, stress, and personal concerns. CONCLUSION: This survey conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic revealed that a significant proportion of HCWs in the radiation oncology community experiences moderate to severe levels of anxiety, depression, and stress. This trend is alarming and it is important to identify and intervene at the right time to improve the mental health of HCWs to avoid any long-term impacts.


Assuntos
COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Radioterapia (Especialidade)/estatística & dados numéricos , Estresse Psicológico/prevenção & controle , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/virologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/prevenção & controle , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Indonésia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nepal/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Radioterapia (Especialidade)/métodos , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/prevenção & controle , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
9.
Breast ; 56: 88-95, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33640524

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pregnancy associated breast cancer (PABC) is a rare entity and defined as breast cancer diagnosed during pregnancy or one-year post-partum. There is sparse data especially from low and middle-income countries (LMIC) and merits exploration. METHODS: The study (2013-2020) evaluated demographics, treatment patterns and outcomes of PABC. RESULTS: There were 104 patients, median age of 31 years; 43 (41%) had triple-negative disease, 31(29.8%) had hormone-receptor (HR) positive and HER2 negative, 14 (13.5%) had HER2-positive and HR negative and 16(15.4%) had triple positive disease. 101(97%) had IDC grade III tumors and 74% had delayed diagnosis. 72% presented with early stage (24, EBC) or locally advanced breast cancer (53, LABC) and received either neoadjuvant (n = 49) or adjuvant (n = 26) chemotherapy and surgery. Trastuzumab, tamoxifen, and radiotherapy were administered post-delivery. At a median follow up of 27 (IQR:19-35) months, the estimated 3-year event-free survival (EFS) for EBC and LABC was 82% (95% CI: 65.2-100) and 56% (95% CI: 42-75.6%) and for metastatic 24% (95% CI: 10.1%-58.5%) respectively. Of the 104 patients, 34 were diagnosed antepartum (AP) and 15 had termination, 2 had preterm and 16 had full-term deliveries(FTDs). Among postpartum cohort (n = 70), 2 had termination, 1 had preterm, 67 had FTDs. 83(including 17 from AP) children from both cohorts were experiencing normal milestones. CONCLUSION: Data from the first Indian PABC registry showed that the majority had delayed diagnosis and aggressive features(TNBC, higher grade). Treatment was feasible in majority and stage matched outcomes were comparable to non-PABCs.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Complicações Neoplásicas na Gravidez , Adulto , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Incidência , Índia/epidemiologia , Mastectomia , Período Pós-Parto , Gravidez , Complicações Neoplásicas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Complicações Neoplásicas na Gravidez/patologia , Complicações Neoplásicas na Gravidez/terapia , Prognóstico , Receptor ErbB-2 , Sistema de Registros , Análise de Sobrevida
10.
Blood Adv ; 5(5): 1178-1193, 2021 03 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33635331

RESUMO

The use of pediatrics-inspired protocols in adolescent and young adult (AYA) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) results in superior survival compared with the adult protocols. Pediatrics-inspired protocols carry an increased risk of toxicity and treatment-related mortality in low resource settings, which can offset the potential benefits. We studied the outcomes and prognostic factors in the treatment of AYA ALL with a pediatrics-inspired regimen. We retrieved data regarding demographics, investigations, treatment details, and toxicities from the electronic medical records of patients diagnosed with ALL in the 15- to 25-year-old age group who were initiated on a modified Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster 90 (BFM-90) protocol between January 2013 and December 2016 at the Tata Memorial Centre. A total of 349 patients in the 15- to 25-year-old age group were treated with a modified BFM-90 protocol. The use of this pediatrics-inspired protocol resulted in a 3-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) of 59.4% and 61.8%, respectively. Only 15 patients underwent an allogeneic stem cell transplant. Minimal residual disease (MRD) persistence postinduction emerged as the only factor predictive of poor outcomes. A modified BFM-90 protocol is an effective and safe regimen for AYA ALL with an OS and EFS comparable to the published literature.


Assuntos
Citarabina , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Adulto Jovem
11.
J Clin Oncol ; 39(11): 1234-1242, 2021 04 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33497252

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We report the clinical outcomes of a randomized trial comparing prophylactic whole-pelvic nodal radiotherapy to prostate-only radiotherapy (PORT) in high-risk prostate cancer. METHODS: This phase III, single center, randomized controlled trial enrolled eligible patients undergoing radical radiotherapy for node-negative prostate adenocarcinoma, with estimated nodal risk ≥ 20%. Randomization was 1:1 to PORT (68 Gy/25# to prostate) or whole-pelvic radiotherapy (WPRT, 68 Gy/25# to prostate, 50 Gy/25# to pelvic nodes, including common iliac) using computerized stratified block randomization, stratified by Gleason score, type of androgen deprivation, prostate-specific antigen at diagnosis, and prior transurethral resection of the prostate. All patients received image-guided, intensity-modulated radiotherapy and minimum 2 years of androgen deprivation therapy. The primary end point was 5-year biochemical failure-free survival (BFFS), and secondary end points were disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: From November 2011 to August 2017, a total of 224 patients were randomly assigned (PORT = 114, WPRT = 110). At a median follow-up of 68 months, 36 biochemical failures (PORT = 25, WPRT = 7) and 24 deaths (PORT = 13, WPRT = 11) were recorded. Five-year BFFS was 95.0% (95% CI, 88.4 to 97.9) with WPRT versus 81.2% (95% CI, 71.6 to 87.8) with PORT, with an unadjusted hazard ratio (HR) of 0.23 (95% CI, 0.10 to 0.52; P < .0001). WPRT also showed higher 5-year DFS (89.5% v 77.2%; HR, 0.40; 95% CI, 0.22 to 0.73; P = .002), but 5-year OS did not appear to differ (92.5% v 90.8%; HR, 0.92; 95% CI, 0.41 to 2.05; P = .83). Distant metastasis-free survival was also higher with WPRT (95.9% v 89.2%; HR, 0.35; 95% CI, 0.15 to 0.82; P = .01). Benefit in BFFS and DFS was maintained across prognostic subgroups. CONCLUSION: Prophylactic pelvic irradiation for high-risk, locally advanced prostate cancer improved BFFS and DFS as compared with PORT, but OS did not appear to differ.


Assuntos
Pelve/efeitos da radiação , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Brachytherapy ; 20(1): 155-162, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888852

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to report dosimetric differences for breast brachytherapy plans optimized for clinical target volume (CTV) generated using conventional isotropic expansion of tumor bed volume (TBV) and Groupe Européen de Curiethérapie-European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology (GEC-ESTRO) recommendations to expand the TBV anisotropically to achieve a total safety margin of 2 cm (resection margin size + added safety margin). METHODS: Institutional records of 100 patients who underwent accelerated partial breast irradiation using multicatheter interstitial brachytherapy from May 2015 to March 2020 were reviewed retrospectively. Two sets of CT-based plans were made, one with 1-cm isotropic margins around the tumor bed (CTV_ISO) and the other with anisotropic margins (CTV_GEC). Plans were evaluated and compared using the American Brachytherapy Society and GEC-ESTRO guidelines. RESULTS: The median TBV was 36.97 cc. The median margin widths were as follows: anterior 1.2, posterior 1.0, superior 1.0, inferior 0.9, medial 1.2, and lateral 1.2 cm. The mean tumor bed coverage index was 0.94; 0.93 [p.066], the CTV coverage index 0.86; 0.84 [p 0.001], the dose homogeneity index (DHI) 0.77; 0.75 [p < 0.001] and the conformity index 0.66; 0.64 [p < 0.001] in CTV_ISO and CTV_GEC plans, respectively. In smaller volume implants (TBV< 35 cc), the DHI was 0.76; 0.75 [p 0.008] and the conformity index was 0.66; 0.62 [p < 0.001], whereas in larger volumes >35 cc, the CTV coverage index was 0.86; 0.84 [p 0.003] and the DHI 0.78; 0.76 [p 0.001] in CTV_ISO and CTV_GEC plans, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In this cohort of patients who underwent accelerated partial breast irradiation, plans with anisotropic margins had lower conformity, the impact of which was predominantly seen in smaller implants. Rest of the dosimetric constraints were achieved in both the plans as per the American Brachytherapy Society and GEC-ESTRO guidelines.


Assuntos
Braquiterapia , Braquiterapia/métodos , Mama , Humanos , Margens de Excisão , Radiometria , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Neurooncol Adv ; 2(1): vdaa130, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33235996

RESUMO

Background: Radiotherapy for brain tumors in young patients is not only associated with improved survival but also long-term neurocognitive sequelae. We aimed to compare group differences in the executive neurocognitive outcomes in young patients with low-grade brain tumors treated with stereotactic conformal radiotherapy (SCRT) and conventional RT (ConvRT) techniques. Methods: This a phase 3 randomized trial that enrolled 200 young patients with benign brain tumors and low-grade gliomas. Patients were randomly allocated (1:1) to either SCRT or ConvRT arms and treated to a dose of 54 Gy in 30 fractions over 6 weeks. Lowenstein Occupational Therapy Cognitive Assessment battery was performed at preradiotherapy baseline, 6 months, and annually thereafter until 5 years. Executive functions measures included orientation, visual perception, spatial perception, motor praxis, visuomotor organization, thinking operations, and attention and concentration. The trajectory of these parameters was compared between the treatment arms over 5 years. Results: Two hundred patients were enrolled in the study (SCRT: 104 and ConvRT: 96). The median age was 13 years (interquartile range: 9-17); mean total neurocognitive scores over 5 years were significantly superior in SCRT arm as compared to ConvRT (difference in slope: 2.27, P = .024). Outcomes improved in the SCRT arm vis-à-vis ConvRT for the subdomain of visuomotor organization (difference in slope: 0.66, P < .001). Visuomotor organization scores significantly improved in majority of the substratification groups. Spatial perception improved in craniopharyngioma patients with SCRT technique as opposed to ConvRT. Conclusions: SCRT achieved superior outcomes compared to ConvRT in certain executive neurocognitive functional domains. We provide high level of evidence in favor of SCRT. Trial Registration. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00517959.

14.
Exp Cell Res ; 396(2): 112313, 2020 11 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002501

RESUMO

Activation of STAT3 via Y705-phosphorylation is well documented across multiple cancer types and thus forms the basis of canonical pathway to judge STAT3 activation. Recently, important roles of two other post translational modification (PTM) sites, i.e. S727-phosphorylation and K685-acetylation, leading to STAT3 activation are reported. However, their critical mode of function in controlling STAT3 dimerization and signaling, independent of canonical activation remains elusive. Therefore, to understand the functional relevance of each STAT3 PTMs in breast cancer (BC), cell models are developed by stable overexpression of PTM-site specific point mutants, i.e. Y705F, S727A or K685R, in a 3'UTR-STAT3 knockdown BC cell background. Results using this model system reveal novel findings showing that phosphorylation at S727 can lead to STAT3 activation independent of phosphoY705. We also demonstrate that loss of pS727 or K685ac significantly affects functional phenotypes such as cell survival and proliferation as well as downstream transcriptional activity (Twist 1, Socs3, c-Myc, Bcl-1 and Mcl-1) of STAT3. Thereafter, by utilizing a BRET biosensor for measuring STAT3 phosphorylation in live cells, a crucial role of pS727 in dictating STAT3 activation and homodimerization formation is uncovered. Further by performing retrospective IHC analysis of total and phospho-forms of STAT3 in a cohort of 76 triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) patient samples, a significant dominant expression of phosphoS727 over phosphoY705 PTM (p < 0.001) is found in STAT3 positive cases. We also focus on validating known STAT3 inhibitor molecules for their action against both pY705 and pS727 activation. This study for the first time demonstrates that an anti-helminth drug compound, Niclosamide, is capable of inactivating both phospho-PTM sites on STAT3 and exhibits excellent anticancer efficacy in preclinical TNBC tumour model.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Fosfosserina/metabolismo , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Animais , Anti-Helmínticos/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Camundongos SCID , Modelos Biológicos , Mutação/genética , Metástase Neoplásica , Niclosamida/farmacologia , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Multimerização Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional/efeitos dos fármacos , Transcrição Genética/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
15.
Acta Oncol ; 59(12): 1520-1527, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32924733

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are limited data on the role of chemotherapy in patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and poor performance status (PS). METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of a prospective observational study in patients with SCLC and PS 3 or 4. We recorded the initial therapy, symptom improvement, response rate, overall survival (OS), and the impact of various factors on OS. RESULTS: From June 2010 to August 2019, we enrolled 234 patients; 185 (79%) with PS 3 and 49 (21%) PS 4. Initial therapy was best supportive care (BSC) in 49 patients (21%), standard full dose chemotherapy in 31 (13%), and attenuated chemotherapy in 154 (66%). In 89% patients treated with attenuated chemotherapy, symptom-relief occurred at a median of 3 days (IQR, 1-7). Grade 3 and higher toxicities developed in 60% patients treated with initial attenuated chemotherapy, commonly hyponatremia in 39%, neutropenia in 16%, anemia in 11%, and infection in 10%. Grade 3 and higher toxicities as a result of standard chemotherapy occurred in 89% patients treated with upfront standard full dose chemotherapy compared to 69% of patients who received initial attenuated chemotherapy with subsequent treatment escalation. Overall, there were 6 (2.6%) toxic deaths. The response rate to chemotherapy was 77%. The median OS of the patients who received any chemotherapy was significantly longer at 6 months (95% CI, 4.8-7.2) compared to 1 month (95% CI, 0.4-1.6 months) in patients who were managed with BSC, p < 0.001; hazard ratio, 0.39 (95% CI, 0.27-0.56). The disease stage, lactate dehydrogenase level, and receipt of chemotherapy significantly impacted survival. CONCLUSION: Chemotherapy prolongs survival in patients with SCLC and poor PS. Administering an initial attenuated chemotherapy regimen followed by standard full-dose chemotherapy when the PS improves may lower toxicity and improve tolerance.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...