Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 109
Filtrar
1.
FASEB J ; 35(3): e21422, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33638895

RESUMO

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a lethal lung fibrotic disease, associated with aging with a mean survival of 2-5 years and no curative treatment. The GSE4 peptide is able to rescue cells from senescence, DNA and oxidative damage, inflammation, and induces telomerase activity. Here, we investigated the protective effect of GSE4 expression in vitro in rat alveolar epithelial cells (AECs), and in vivo in a bleomycin model of lung fibrosis. Bleomycin-injured rat AECs, expressing GSE4 or treated with GSE4-PLGA/PEI nanoparticles showed an increase of telomerase activity, decreased DNA damage, and decreased expression of IL6 and cleaved-caspase 3. In addition, these cells showed an inhibition in expression of fibrotic markers induced by TGF-ß such as collagen-I and III among others. Furthermore, treatment with GSE4-PLGA/PEI nanoparticles in a rat model of bleomycin-induced fibrosis, increased telomerase activity and decreased DNA damage in proSP-C cells. Both in preventive and therapeutic protocols GSE4-PLGA/PEI nanoparticles prevented and attenuated lung damage monitored by SPECT-CT and inhibited collagen deposition. Lungs of rats treated with bleomycin and GSE4-PLGA/PEI nanoparticles showed reduced expression of α-SMA and pro-inflammatory cytokines, increased number of pro-SPC-multicellular structures and increased DNA synthesis in proSP-C cells, indicating therapeutic efficacy of GSE4-nanoparticles in experimental lung fibrosis and a possible curative treatment for lung fibrotic patients.

2.
BMJ Open Respir Res ; 8(1)2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33451989

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-invasive biomarkers for the assessment of disease severity in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) are urgently needed. Calprotectin belongs to the S-100 proteins produced by neutrophils, which likely contribute to IPF pathogenesis. Calprotectin is a well-established biomarker in inflammatory bowel diseases. In this cross-sectional study, we aimed to establish the potential role of calprotectin as a biomarker in IPF. Specifically, we hypothesised that patients with IPF have higher serum calprotectin levels compared with healthy controls, and that calprotectin levels are associated with disease severity. METHODS: Blood samples were obtained from healthy volunteers (n=26) and from two independent IPF cohorts (derivation cohort n=26, validation cohort n=66). Serum calprotectin levels were measured with a commercial kit adapted for that purpose and compared between healthy controls and patients with IPF. Clinical parameters, including forced vital capacity, diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) and the Composite Physiologic Index (CPI), were correlated with calprotectin serum levels. RESULTS: The IPF derivation cohort showed increased serum calprotectin levels compared with healthy controls (2.47±1.67 vs 0.97±0.53 µg/mL, p<0.001). In addition, serum calprotectin levels correlated with DLCO% predicted (r=-0.53, p=0.007) and with CPI (r=0.66, p=0.007). These findings were confirmed in an independent IPF validation cohort. CONCLUSION: Serum calprotectin levels are significantly increased in patients with IPF compared with healthy controls and correlate with DLCO and CPI. Calprotectin might be a potential new biomarker for disease severity in IPF.

3.
Thorax ; 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33298584

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Interstitial lung abnormalities (ILA) occur in around 10% of subjects over 60 years, and are associated with a higher rate of all-cause mortality. The pathogenic mechanisms are unclear, and the putative contribution of alterations in the immune response has not been explored. Normal ageing is associated with immune deficiencies, including Naïve T-cell decrease and greater expression of the proliferative-limiting, co-inhibitory receptor killer-cell lectin-like receptor G1 (KLRG1). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency and activation state of different T-cell subpopulations in ILA subjects. METHODS: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were obtained from 15 individuals with ILA, 21 age-matched controls and 28 healthy young subjects. T-cells phenotype was characterised by flow cytometry, and proliferation and activation by stimulation with anti-CD3/anti-CD28 or phorbol myristate acetate/ionomycin; KLRG1 isoforms were evaluated by western blot and cytokines were quantified by ELISA and Multiplex. RESULTS: A significant increase of Naïve CD4+T cells together with a decrease of central and effector memory CD4+T cells was observed in ILA compared with age-matched controls. CD4+T cells from ILA subjects exhibited greater basal proliferation, which raised after anti-CD3/anti-CD28 stimulation. Additionally, a significant increase in the levels of interleukin-6 and interferon gamma was observed in isolated CD4+T cells and plasma of ILA subjects. They also displayed fewer KLRG1+/CD4+T cells with an increase of circulating E-cadherin, the ligand of KLRG1+. No changes were observed with CD8+T cell subsets. CONCLUSION: CD4+T cells from ILA subjects are highly proliferative and show an excessive functional activity, likely related to the loss of KLRG1 expression, which may contribute to an inflammatory state and the development of ILA.

4.
Respirology ; 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33167075

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The relationship between IPF development and environmental factors has not been completely elucidated. Analysing geographic regions of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) cases could help identify those areas with higher aggregation and investigate potential triggers. We hypothesize that cross-analysing location of IPF cases and areas of consistently high air pollution concentration could lead to recognition of environmental risk factors for IPF development. METHODS: This retrospective study analysed epidemiological and clinical data from 503 patients registered in the Observatory IPF.cat from January 2017 to June 2019. Incident and prevalent IPF cases from the Catalan region of Spain were graphed based on their postal address. We generated maps of the most relevant air pollutant PM2.5 from the last 10 years using data from the CALIOPE air quality forecast system and observational data. RESULTS: In 2018, the prevalence of IPF differed across provinces; from 8.1 cases per 100 000 habitants in Barcelona to 2.0 cases per 100 000 in Girona. The ratio of IPF was higher in some areas. Mapping PM2.5 levels illustrated that certain areas with more industry, traffic and shipping maintained markedly higher PM2.5 concentrations. Most of these locations correlated with higher aggregation of IPF cases. Compared with other risk factors, PM2.5 exposure was the most frequent. CONCLUSION: In this retrospective study, prevalence of IPF is higher in areas of elevated PM2.5 concentration. Prospective studies with targeted pollution mapping need to be done in specific geographies to compile a broader profile of environmental factors involved in the development of pulmonary fibrosis.

7.
Sarcoidosis Vasc Diffuse Lung Dis ; 37(2): 192-202, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33093783

RESUMO

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is characterized by progressive loss of pulmonary function and exercise capacity, leading to loss of quality of life and often social isolation. A new walking aid, the walk-bike, showed an improvement in exercise performance in COPD patients. Aims of this pilot study were to evaluate feasibility of a homebased walk-bike intervention study in IPF patients and to explore the effect of the walk-bike on quality of life (QoL) and exercise capacity. Twenty-three patients with IPF were included in a randomized multicenter crossover study with 8 weeks of standard care and 8 weeks of walk-bike use at home. Ten patients completed both study phases. Study barriers included reluctance to participate and external factors (e.g. weather and road conditions) that hampered adherence. Patients' satisfaction and experience with the walk-bike varied greatly. After training with the walk-bike, health-related QoL (St. George's Respiratory and King's Brief Interstitial Lung Disease questionnaires) demonstrated a tendency towards improvement, exercise capacity did not. A clinically important difference was found between 6-minute walk test with the walk-bike and the standard test; median (range) respectively 602 m (358-684) and 486 m (382-510). Conclusions: Due to practical barriers a larger study with the walk-bike in patients with IPF seems not feasible. Individual patients may benefit from the use of a walk-bike as it improved action radius and showed a tendency towards improvement in QoL. No effect on exercise capacity was observed. (Sarcoidosis Vasc Diffuse Lung Dis 2020; 37 (2): 192-202).


Assuntos
Deambulação com Auxílio , Terapia por Exercício/instrumentação , Tolerância ao Exercício , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/terapia , Limitação da Mobilidade , Qualidade de Vida , Caminhada , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Cross-Over , Desenho de Equipamento , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/diagnóstico , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/fisiopatologia , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/psicologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos , Satisfação do Paciente , Projetos Piloto , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33007173

RESUMO

RATIONALE: The impact of COVID-19 on patients with Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD) has not been established. OBJECTIVES: To assess outcomes in patients with ILD hospitalized for COVID-19 versus those without ILD in a contemporaneous age, sex and comorbidity matched population. METHODS: An international multicenter audit of patients with a prior diagnosis of ILD admitted to hospital with COVID-19 between 1 March and 1 May 2020 was undertaken and compared with patients, without ILD obtained from the ISARIC 4C cohort, admitted with COVID-19 over the same period. The primary outcome was survival. Secondary analysis distinguished IPF from non-IPF ILD and used lung function to determine the greatest risks of death. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Data from 349 patients with ILD across Europe were included, of whom 161 were admitted to hospital with laboratory or clinical evidence of COVID-19 and eligible for propensity-score matching. Overall mortality was 49% (79/161) in patients with ILD with COVID-19. After matching ILD patients with COVID-19 had higher mortality (HR 1.60, Confidence Intervals 1.17-2.18 p=0.003) compared with age, sex and co-morbidity matched controls without ILD. Patients with a Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) of <80% had an increased risk of death versus patients with FVC ≥80% (HR 1.72, 1.05-2.83). Furthermore, obese patients with ILD had an elevated risk of death (HR 2.27, 1.39-3.71). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with ILD are at increased risk of death from COVID-19, particularly those with poor lung function and obesity. Stringent precautions should be taken to avoid COVID-19 in patients with ILD. This article is open access and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

9.
ERJ Open Res ; 6(4)2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043043

RESUMO

This article discusses a selection of the scientific presentations in the field of interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) that took place at the 2019 European Respiratory Society International Congress in Madrid, Spain. There were sessions from all four groups within Assembly 12: group 12.01 "Idiopathic interstitial pneumonias", group 12.02 "ILDs/diffuse parenchymal lung diseases (DPLDs) of known origin", group 12.03 "Sarcoidosis and other granulomatous ILDs/DPLDs" and group 12.04 "Rare ILDs/DPLDs". The presented studies brought cutting-edge developments on several aspects of these conditions, including pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment. As many of the ILDs are individually rare, the sharing of experiences and new data that occur during the Congress are very important for physicians interested in ILDs and ILD patients alike.

11.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 50(5): 977-987, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32911289

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To test whether the use of rituximab (RTX) is effective and safe as a rescue therapy add-on treatment to mycophenolate (MMF) in patients with progressive systemic sclerosis-associated interstitial lung disease (SSc-ILD) in whom conventional immunosuppressants (IS) have failed. METHODS: Longitudinal retrospective observational study of a cohort of patients with SSc-ILD that started treatment with RTX due to ongoing lung function impairment despite treatment with glucocorticoids and IS (cyclophosphamide and/or MMF). All patients were treated with 2 or more cycles of RTX and evaluated for at least 12 months. RESULTS: Twenty-four patients were included. Before initiation of RTX the mean decline in%pFVC and %pDLCO during the previous 2 years (delta) was -12.9% and -12.5%, respectively. After 1 year of treatment with RTX, a significant improvement in %pFVC (∆+8.8% compared to baseline, 95% CI: -13.7 to -3.9; p = 0.001) and%pDLCO (∆+4.6%, 95% CI: -8.2 to -0.8; p = 0.018) was observed. In addition, there was a significant reduction in the median dose of prednisone and it could be suspended in 25% of patients. At 2 years of treatment, RTX had been discontinued in 9 patients (due to adverse events in 3 cases and inefficacy in 6). In the 15 patients (62.5%) that completed 24 months of therapy, the statistically significant amelioration in pulmonary function test parameters was maintained: ∆%pFVC: +11.1% (95% CI: -17.6 to -4.5; p = 0.003) and ∆%pDLCO: +8.7% (95% CI: -13.9 to -8.3; p = 0.003). CONCLUSION: Based on our results, RTX's use as an add-on treatment to MMF appears to be effective as a rescue therapy in patients with a more aggressive SSc-ILD phenotype.

12.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 50(5): 902-910, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32906025

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the real-world, long-term effectiveness of rituximab (RTX) as a rescue therapy in patients with progressive rheumatoid arthritis-related interstitial lung disease (RA-ILD) in whom more conventional therapy has failed. METHODS: Longitudinal retrospective observational study of a cohort of patients with RA-ILD that started treatment with RTX due to ongoing progressive ILD despite treatment with glucocorticoids and csDMARDs or immunosuppressants (IS). All patients were treated with two or more cycles of RTX and evaluated for at least 12 months. Ongoing therapy with csDMARDs or IS remained unchanged. RESULTS: Thirty-one patients were analyzed. Before initiation of RTX the mean decline (delta) in %pFVC and %pDLCO from the ILD diagnosis (median 21 months) was -16.5% and -19.7%, respectively. After 1 year of treatment, RTX was able to reverse the decline of pulmonary function test (PFTs) parameters: ∆%pFVC +8.06% compared to baseline (95% CI: -10.9 to -5.2; p<0.001) and ∆%pDLCO +12.7% (95% CI: -16.3 to -9.1; p<0.001). In addition, there was a significant reduction in the median dose of prednisone, and it could be suspended in 26% of cases. Dividing the population into UIP and non-UIP patterns, we observed a significant increase in PFTs parameters in both groups. In the 25 patients (80.6%) that completed 2 years of treatment, the statistically significant amelioration in PFTs parameters observed at one year was maintained: ∆%pFVC +11.2% (95% CI: -15.6 to -6.8; p<0.001) and ∆%pDLCO +14.8% (95% CI: -19.3 to -10.3; p<0.001). At the end of the follow-up period (median 32 months; IQR 25th-75th 26-64), only 23 of the 31 patients (74.2%) were still undergoing treatment with RTX: in 3 cases (10%) it was stopped due to adverse events, in another 3 (10%) treatment failed ultimately requiring a lung transplant, and 2 patients (6%) died due to progression of the ILD and infectious complications. The frequency of adverse events reached 32% of cases. CONCLUSION: Based on our results, RTX appears to be effective as rescue therapy in a considerable proportion of patients with progressive RA-ILD unresponsive to conventional treatment.

15.
Rheumatol Int ; 40(5): 719-726, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32157369

RESUMO

Progressive connective tissue disease (CTD)-related lung disease is a challenging condition that requires lung transplantation in some patients. Treatment with rituximab may improve lung function. To evaluate the effect of rituximab in patients with progressive CTD-related lung disease who met criteria for inclusion in waiting list for a lung transplant. Retrospective study of patients with progressive CTD-related lung disease with criteria for lung transplant (FVC < 60% and/or DLCO < 40%) that started treatment with rituximab because of disease progression. Clinical variables, pulmonary function tests and chest computed tomography were used to monitor the effect of rituximab. The cohort included 18 patients; systemic sclerosis (7), rheumatoid arthritis (5), systemic lupus erythematosus (4), Sjögren syndrome (1) and antisynthetase syndrome (1). The radiologic patterns observed were: usual interstitial pneumonia (1), non-specific interstitial pneumonia (9), lymphoid interstitial pneumonia (1), emphysema-usual interstitial pneumonia (1), shrinking lung syndrome (3) and undetermined pattern (3). Over the previous year to rituximab initiation a decline in FVC (- 3.8%, p = 0.095) and DLCO (- 8.4%, p = 0.004) was observed. After 2 years of treatment, DLCO significantly improved (+ 12.4%, p < 0.001 at 1 year and + 15.3%, p = 0.001 at 2 years). Six patients (33.3%) presented adverse events related to rituximab. No patient required lung transplant or died during the study period. Rituximab is an effective treatment for patients with severe and progressive CTD-related lung disease, which allows to delay lung transplantation in some cases.

16.
Breathe (Sheff) ; 16(1): 190321, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32194767

RESUMO

ANCA positivity is uncommon in North American IPF patients. However, women with IPF who areMPO-positive have a considerable risk for developing clinical manifestations of vasculitis. http://bit.ly/2RlsQNP.

17.
Eur Respir J ; 55(4)2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32060068

RESUMO

Acute exacerbation of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (AE-IPF) is an often deadly complication of IPF. No focussed international guidelines for the management of AE-IPF exist. The aim of this international survey was to assess the global variability in prevention, diagnostic and treatment strategies for AE-IPF.Pulmonologists with ILD expertise were invited to participate in a survey designed by an international expert panel.509 pulmonologists from 66 countries responded. Significant geographical variability in approaches to manage AE-IPF was found. Common preventive measures included antifibrotic drugs and vaccination. Diagnostic differences were most pronounced regarding use of Krebs von den Lungen-6 and viral testing, while high-resolution computed tomography, brain natriuretic peptide and D-dimer are generally applied. High-dose steroids are widely administered (94%); the use of other immunosuppressant and treatment strategies is highly variable. Very few (4%) responders never use immunosuppression. Antifibrotic treatments are initiated during AE-IPF by 67%. Invasive ventilation or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation are mainly used as a bridge to transplantation. Most physicians educate patients comprehensively on the severity of AE-IPF (82%) and consider palliative care (64%).Approaches to the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of AE-IPF vary worldwide. Global trials and guidelines to improve the prognosis of AE-IPF are needed.

18.
Arch. bronconeumol. (Ed. impr.) ; 56(2): 99-105, feb. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-197563

RESUMO

El diagnóstico de la fibrosis pulmonar idiopática (FPI) es un proceso complejo que precisa la integración multidisciplinar de variables clínicas, radiológicas e histológicas. Cuando es preciso obtener muestras de parénquima pulmonar, la biopsia pulmonar quirúrgica ha sido el procedimiento recomendado por su rendimiento diagnóstico. Pero dada la morbimortalidad de esta técnica, se han explorado alternativas con menores riesgos. La más importante es la biopsia transbronquial con criosonda (criobiopsia transbronquial), que permite obtener tejido pulmonar con menor comorbilidad, con un rendimiento inferior a la biopsia quirúrgica pero superior a la biopsia transbronquial con pinza convencional. Por ello, en las recientes guías clínicas para el diagnóstico de la FPI se ha valorado esta opción, sin llegar a obtener una recomendación. En este artículo, resultado de un foro de discusión multidisciplinar, se pretende revisar la evidencia actual y hacer propuestas sobre el uso de la criobiopsia transbronquial para el diagnóstico de la FPI


The diagnosis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a complex process that requires the multidisciplinary integration of clinical, radiological, and histological variables. Due to its diagnostic yield, surgical lung biopsy has been the recommended procedure for obtaining samples of lung parenchyma, when required. However, given the morbidity and mortality of this technique, alternative techniques which carry a lower risk have been explored. The most important of these is transbronchial cryobiopsy -transbronchial biopsy with a cryoprobe- which is useful for obtaining lung tissue with less comorbidity. Yield may be lower than surgical biopsy, but it is higher than with transbronchial biopsy with standard forceps. This option has been discussed in the recent clinical guidelines for the diagnosis of IPF, but the authors do not go so far as recommend it. The aim of this article, the result of a multidisciplinary discussion forum, is to review current evidence and make proposals for the use of transbronchial cryobiopsy in the diagnosis of IPF


Assuntos
Humanos , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/diagnóstico , Biópsia/métodos , Crioultramicrotomia , Algoritmos , Pesquisa Interdisciplinar
19.
Arch Bronconeumol ; 56(2): 99-105, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31420183

RESUMO

The diagnosis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a complex process that requires the multidisciplinary integration of clinical, radiological, and histological variables. Due to its diagnostic yield, surgical lung biopsy has been the recommended procedure for obtaining samples of lung parenchyma, when required. However, given the morbidity and mortality of this technique, alternative techniques which carry a lower risk have been explored. The most important of these is transbronchial cryobiopsy -transbronchial biopsy with a cryoprobe- which is useful for obtaining lung tissue with less comorbidity. Yield may be lower than surgical biopsy, but it is higher than with transbronchial biopsy with standard forceps. This option has been discussed in the recent clinical guidelines for the diagnosis of IPF, but the authors do not go so far as recommend it. The aim of this article, the result of a multidisciplinary discussion forum, is to review current evidence and make proposals for the use of transbronchial cryobiopsy in the diagnosis of IPF.

20.
Lancet Respir Med ; 8(2): 147-157, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31578169

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: At present, no approved pharmacotherapies are available for unclassifiable interstitial lung disease (ILD), which is characterised by progressive fibrosis of the lung. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of pirfenidone in patients with progressive fibrosing unclassifiable ILD. METHODS: We did a multicentre, double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled phase 2 trial at 70 centres in Australia, Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Spain, and the UK. Eligible patients (aged ≥18-85 years) had progressive fibrosing unclassifiable ILD, a percent predicted forced vital capacity (FVC) of 45% or higher and percent predicted carbon monoxide diffusing capacity (DLco) of 30% or higher, more than 10% fibrosis on high-resolution CT, and a high-resolution CT from the previous 12 months. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to 2403 mg oral pirfenidone daily or placebo using a central validated interactive voice or web-based response system, stratified by concomitant mycophenolate mofetil use and presence or absence of interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features. Investigators, site personnel, and patients were masked to treatment assignment. The primary endpoint was mean predicted change in FVC from baseline over 24 weeks, measured by daily home spirometry. Secondary endpoints were change in FVC measured by site spirometry, proportion of patients who had a more than 5% or more than 10% absolute or relative decline in percent predicted FVC measured by clinic-based spirometry, change in percent predicted DLco, change in 6-min walk distance (6MWD), change in University of California San Diego-Shortness of Breath Questionnaire (UCSD-SOBQ) score, change in Leicester Cough Questionnaire score, change in cough visual analogue scale, and changes in total and subscores of the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), all of which were compared with baseline. Additional secondary endpoints included proportion of patients who had non-elective hospitalisation (respiratory and all-cause) and acute exacerbations, and progression-free survival. Efficacy was analysed in the intention-to-treat (ITT) population, which included all randomly assigned patients. Safety was assessed in the safety analysis set, which included all randomly assigned patients who received at least one dose of study drug. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03099187, and is no longer recruiting. FINDINGS: Between May 15, 2017, and June 5, 2018, 253 patients were randomly assigned to receive 2403 mg pirfenidone (n=127) or placebo (n=126) and were included in the ITT analysis set. Analysis of the primary endpoint was affected by intraindividual variability in home spirometry values, which prevented application of the prespecified statistical model. Over 24 weeks, predicted median change in FVC measured by home spirometry was -87·7 mL (Q1-Q3 -338·1 to 148·6) in the pirfenidone group versus -157·1 mL (-370·9 to 70·1) in the placebo group. Over 24 weeks, predicted mean change in FVC measured by site spirometry was lower in patients given pirfenidone than placebo (treatment difference 95·3 mL [95% CI 35·9 to 154·6], p=0·002). Compared with the placebo group, patients in the pirfenidone group were less likely to have a decline in FVC of more than 5% (odds ratio [OR] 0·42 [95% CI 0·25 to 0·69], p=0·001) or more than 10% (OR 0·44 [0·23 to 0·84], p=0·011). At week 24, mean change in DLco from baseline was -0·7% (SD 7·1) for the pirfenidone group and -2·5% (8·8) for the placebo group, and mean change in 6MWD from baseline was -2·0 m (68·1) for the pirfenidone group and -26·7 m (79·3) for the placebo group. Changes from baseline in UCSD-SOBQ, Leicester Cough Questionnaire score, cough visual analogue scale, and SGRQ scores were similar between the pirfenidone and placebo groups at week 24. Analysis of acute exacerbations, hospital admissions, and time to death from respiratory causes during the study yielded no meaningful results due to a small number of events. No differences in progression-free survival were identified between the pirfenidone and placebo groups, irrespective of the definition of progression-free survival used. Treatment-emergent adverse events were reported in 120 (94%) of 127 patients in the pirfenidone group and 101 (81%) of 124 patients in the placebo group. Serious treatment-emergent adverse events were reported in 18 (14%) patients in the pirfenidone group and 20 (16%) patients in the placebo group. The most common treatment-related treatment-emergent adverse events were gastrointestinal disorders (60 [47%] in the pirfenidone group vs 32 [26%] in the placebo group), fatigue (16 [13%] vs 12 [10%]), and rash (13 [10%] vs nine [7%]). INTERPRETATION: Although the planned statistical model could not be applied to the primary endpoint data, analysis of key secondary endpoints suggests that patients with progressive fibrosing unclassifiable ILD could benefit from pirfenidone treatment, which has an acceptable safety and tolerability profile. These findings support further investigation of pirfenidone as an effective treatment for patients with progressive fibrotic unclassifiable ILD. FUNDING: F Hoffmann-La Roche.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrose Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Piridonas/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Método Duplo-Cego , Quimioterapia Combinada , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ácido Micofenólico/uso terapêutico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Fibrose Pulmonar/complicações , Fibrose Pulmonar/mortalidade , Testes de Função Respiratória , Resultado do Tratamento , Capacidade Vital/efeitos dos fármacos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...