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1.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 6110, 2021 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33731747

RESUMO

In patients with heart failure (HF), the exhaled concentrations of hydrogen after a breath test-a non-invasive assessment of small intestinal overgrowth- has been related to HF severity and higher risk of adverse outcomes. Indeed, two intestinal bacterial metabolites-blood Trimethylamine N-Oxide (TMAO) and butyrate-have been related to a worse prognosis in HF. However, the relationship between the exhaled concentrations of hydrogen after a breath test and these two metabolites remains unknown. Thus, in this post-hoc analysis, we sought to evaluate whether these two metabolites are associated with the exhaled concentrations of hydrogen after a breath test in patients with a recent admission for HF. We included 60 patients with a recent hospitalization for HF. Cumulative hydrogen over time was integrated into a single measurement by the area under the concentration curve (AUC-H2). A linear regression multivariable analysis was used to evaluate the associations. A 2-sided p-value < 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. The median (p25-p75) amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide, AUC-H2, TMAO, and Butyrate were 4789 pg/ml (1956-11149), 1615 (700-2585), 0.68 (0.42-1.12), and 0.22 ± 13, respectively. After multivariate adjustment, TMAO and butyrate were significantly associated with AUC-H2 (p = 0.027 and p = 0.009, respectively). For TMAO, this association was positive and for butyrate, negative. Bacterial-origin metabolites TMAO and Butyrate were independently related to AUC-H2 in patients with a recent hospitalization for acute HF.

2.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33721056

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For patients with heart failure (HF), iron deficiency (ID) is a common therapeutic target. However, little is known about the utility of transferrin saturation (TSAT) or serum ferritin for risk stratification in decompensated HF (DHF) or the European Society of Cardiology's (ESC) current definition of ID (ferritin < 100 µg/L or TSAT < 20% if ferritin is 100-299 µg/L). We evaluated the association between these potential markers of ID and the risk of 30-day readmission for HF or death in patients with DHF. METHODS: We retrospectively included 1701 patients from a multicenter registry of DHF. Serum ferritin and TSAT were evaluated 24-72 h after hospital admission, and multivariable Cox regression was used to assess their association with the composite endpoint. RESULTS: Participants' median (quartiles) age was 76 (68-82) years, 43.8% were women, and 51.7% had a left ventricular ejection fraction > 50%. Medians for NT-proBNP, TSAT, and ferritin were 4067 pg/mL (1900-8764), 14.1% (9.0-20.3), and 103 ug/L (54-202), respectively. According to the current ESC definition, 1,246 (73.3%) patients had ID. By day 30, there were 177 (10.4%) events (95 deaths and 85 HF readmission). After multivariable adjustment, lower TSAT was associated with outcome (p = 0.009) but serum ferritin was not (HR 1.00; 95% confidence interval 0.99-1.00, p = 0.347). CONCLUSIONS: Lower TSAT, but not ferritin, was associated with a higher risk of short-term events in patients with DHF. Further research is needed to confirm these findings and the utility of serum ferritin as a marker of ID in DHF.

3.
Cardiol J ; 2020 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33346372

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are no well-established predictors of recurrent ischemic coronary events after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Higher levels of homocysteine have been reported to be associated with an increased atherosclerotic burden. The primary endpoint was to assess the relationship between homocysteine at discharge and very long-term recurrent myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: 1306 consecutive patients with ACS were evaluated (862 with non-ST-segment elevation ACS [NSTEACS] and 444 with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction [STEMI]) discharged from October 2000 to June 2003 in a single teaching-center. The relationship between homocysteine at discharge and recurrent MI was evaluated through bivariate negative binomial regression accounting for mortality as a competitive event. RESULTS: The mean age was 66.8 ± 12.4 years, 69.1% were men, and 32.2% showed prior diabetes mellitus. Most of the patients were admitted for an NSTEACS (66.0%). The median (interquartile range) GRACE risk score, Charlson comorbidity index, and homocysteine were 144 (122-175) points, 1 (1-2) points, and 11.9 (9.3-15.6) µmol/L, respectively. In-hospital revascularization was performed in 26.3% of patients. At a median follow-up of 9.7 (4.5-15.1) years, 709 (54.3%) deaths were registered and 779 recurrent MI in 478 (36.6%) patients. The rates of recurrent MI were higher in patients in the upper homocysteine quartiles (p < 0.001). After a multivariate adjustment, homocysteine along its continuum remained almost linearly associated with a higher risk of recurrent MI (p = 0.001) and all-cause mortality (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with ACS, higher homocysteine levels identified those at a higher risk of recurrent MI at very long-term follow-up.

4.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33349589

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Discordant data have been reported on the prognosis of myocardial infarction with nonobstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA). Moreover, few data are available on the impact of angiographic subtypes. The objectives of this study were to assess the prognostic impact on the long-term follow-up of the diagnosis of MINOCA and its angiographic subtypes. METHODS: We included 591 consecutive patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) who underwent coronary angiography. MINOCA was classified according to angiographic findings as smooth coronary arteries, mild irregularities (< 30% stenosis), and moderate atherosclerosis (30%-49% stenosis). The primary endpoint was a composite of mortality, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and revascularization (MACE) at a median of 5 years of follow-up. RESULTS: A total of 121 patients (20.5%) showed no obstructive lesions. MINOCA was associated with a lower occurrence of MACE (P=.014; HR, 0.63; 95%CI, 0.44-0.91) and was confirmed as an independent factor in the multivariate analysis (P=.018; HR, 0.63; 95%CI, 0.43-0.92). On analysis of the separate components of the main endpoint, MINOCA was significantly associated with a lower rate of myocardial infarction and revascularization, but not with mortality. Analysis of angiographic subtypes among MINOCA patients showed that smooth coronary arteries were a statistically significant protective factor on both univariate and multivariate analysis, while mild irregularities and 30% to 49% plaques were associated with a higher risk of MACE. CONCLUSIONS: MINOCA is associated with a lower rate of MACE, driven by fewer reinfarctions and revascularizations. Within the angiographic subtypes of MINOCA, smooth arteries were independently associated with a lower number of MACE.

5.
J Card Fail ; 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038531

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Identifying patients at risk of poor diuretic response in acute heart failure (AHF) is critical to make prompt adjustments in therapy. The objective of this study was to investigate whether the circulating levels of soluble ST2 predict the cumulative diuretic efficiency (DE) at 24 and 72 hours in patients with AHF and concomitant renal dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS: This is a post hoc analysis of the IMPROVE-HF trial, in which we enrolled 160 patients with AHF and renal dysfunction (estimated glomerular filtrate rate of <60 mL/min/1.73 m2). DE was calculated as the net fluid output produced per 40 mg of furosemide equivalents. The association between sST2 and DE was evaluated by using multivariate linear regression analysis. The median cumulative DE at 24 and 72 hour was 747 mL (interquartile range 490-1167 mL) and 1844 mL (interquartile range 1142-2625 mL), respectively. The median sST2 and mean estimated glomerular filtrate rate were 72 ng/mL (interquartile range 47-117 ng/mL), and 34.0 ± 8.5 mL/min/1.73 m2, respectively. In a multivariable setting, higher sST2 were significant and nonlinearly related to lower DE both at 24 and 72 hours (P = .002 and P = .019, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with AHF and renal dysfunction at presentation, circulating levels of sST2 were independently and negatively associated with a poor diuretic response, both at 24 and 72 hours.

6.
Scand Cardiovasc J ; : 1-6, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030056

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Serum levels of matrix metalloproteinase-12 cleaved fragment of titin (TIM), a novel circulatory biomarker specific for cardiac titin degradation, has emerged as a potential biomarker in cardiovascular diseases. In this work, we aimed to evaluate the association between TIM and maximal functional capacity assessed by the percentage of predicted peak exercise oxygen uptake (pp-peakVO2) in patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Design. In this post-hoc study, we included 46 stable symptomatic (New York Heart Association II-III) HFpEF patients enrolled in the TRAINING-HF study (NCT02638961). pp-peak-VO2 was calculated from baseline values. Baseline circulating levels of TIM were measured by competitive ELISA in serum from the TRAINING-HF patients. The independent association between TIM and pp-peakVO2 was evaluated by multivariate linear regression analysis. Results. The mean age of the sample was 73.8 ± 8.7 years, 56.5% were females, and 76.1% were on NYHA II. The medians of pp-peakVO2 and TIM were 60.9% (50.4-69.3), and 130.1 ng/mL (98.1-159.5), respectively. The median of NT-proBNP was 912 pg/mL (302-1826). pp-peakVO2 was significant and inversely correlated with TIM (r= -41, p = .005). In multivariate analysis, after adjusting for NYHA class, hypertension, body mass index, and glomerular filtration rate, higher TIM was significantly associated with lower pp-peak VO2 (p = .029). Conclusions. In this sample of stable and symptomatic HFpEF patients, higher serum levels of TIM identified patients with worse functional status.

7.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 2020 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32951882

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125) and B-type natriuretic peptides are surrogate markers of congestion in patients with acute heart failure (AHF). The aim of the study was to assess the association between CA125 and NT-proBNP and congestion parameters in patients with AHF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Prospective multicentre observational study that included 191 patients hospitalised for AHF. We recorded the presence of pleural effusion, peripheral oedema and inferior vena cava (IVC) diameter during the first 24-48 hours after admission and evaluated their independent association with CA125 concentrations and the amino-terminal fraction of pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP). The mean age was 73.4 ± 12 years, 79 (41.4%) were women, and 127 (66.5%) had left ventricular ejection fraction ≥ 50%. The median of CA125, NT-proBNP and IVC diameter was 58 (22.7-129) U/mL, 3,985 (1,905-9,775) pg/mL and 21 (17-25) mm, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that CA125 was positively and independently associated with the presence of peripheral oedema, pleural effusion and elevated IVC levels. NT-proBNP was associated with pleural effusion and IVC diameter but not with oedema. The addition of CA125 increased the discriminatory capacity of the baseline model to identify peripheral oedema and pleural effusion, but not NT-proBNP. The most important predictor of ICV dilation was CA125 (R2 = 48.3%). CONCLUSION: In patients with AHF, serum CA125 levels are associated more significantly than NT-proBNP with a state of congestion.

8.
Cells ; 9(8)2020 07 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32751857

RESUMO

The use of cell therapies has recently increased for the treatment of pulmonary diseases. Mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) and alveolar type II cells (ATII) are the main cell-based therapies used for the treatment of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Many pre-clinical studies have shown that both therapies generate positive outcomes; however, the differences in the efficiency of MSCs or ATII for reducing lung damage remains to be studied. We compared the potential of both cell therapies, administering them using the same route and dose and equal time points in a sustained acute lung injury (ALI) model. We found that the MSCs and ATII cells have similar therapeutic effects when we tested them in a hydrochloric acid and lipopolysaccharide (HCl-LPS) two-hit ALI model. Both therapies were able to reduce proinflammatory cytokines, decrease neutrophil infiltration, reduce permeability, and moderate hemorrhage and interstitial edema. Although MSCs and ATII cells have been described as targeting different cellular and molecular mechanisms, our data indicates that both cell therapies are successful for the treatment of ALI, with similar beneficial results. Understanding direct cell crosstalk and the factors released from each cell will open the door to more accurate drugs being able to target specific pathways and offer new curative options for ARDS.

9.
Cardiorenal Med ; 10(5): 362-372, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32721973

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In acute heart failure (AHF), early assessment of spot urinary sodium (UNa) has emerged as a useful biomarker for risk stratification and monitoring. The objective of this study was to investigate (a) whether early spot UNa predicts 24-h diuretic efficiency and (b) the clinical factors associated with early spot UNa in patients with AHF and concomitant renal dysfunction (RD). METHODS: This is a post hoc analysis of the IMPROVE-HF trial, in which 160 patients with AHF and RD (estimated glomerular filtrate rate [eGFR] <60 mL/min/1.73 m2) were included. Diuretic efficiency was calculated as the net fluid output produced per 40 mg of furosemide equivalents in 24 h. The association between early spot UNa and diuretic efficiency and clinical variables associated with UNa were evaluated using multivariate linear regression analysis. The contribution of the exposures in the predictability of the models was assessed with the coefficient of determination (R2). RESULTS: The mean age of the study population was 78 ± 8 years. The median (interquartile range) diuretic efficiency, early spot UNa, aminoterminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide, and eGFR were 747 (490-1,167) mL, 90 mmol/L (65-111), 7,765 pg/mL (3,526-15,369), and 33.7 ± 11.3 mL/min/1.73 m2, respectively. In a multivariate setting, lower UNa was significantly and nonlinearly associated with lower diuretic efficiency (p = 0.001), explaining the 44.4% of the model predictability. Natremia and surrogates of congestion emerged as the main factors related to UNa. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with AHF and RD at presentation, early spot UNa was inversely related to 24-h diuretic efficiency.

10.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32624444

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Urinary sodium (UNa+) has emerged as a useful biomarker of poor clinical outcomes in acute heart failure (AHF). Here, we sought to evaluate: a) the usefulness of a single early determination of UNa+ for predicting adverse outcomes in patients with AHF and renal dysfunction, and b) whether the change in UNa+ at 24hours (ΔUNa24h) adds any additional prognostic information over baseline values. METHODS: This is a post-hoc analysis of a multicenter, open-label, randomized clinical trial (IMPROVE-HF) (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02643147) that randomized 160 patients with AHF and renal dysfunction on admission to a) the standard diuretic strategy, or b) a carbohydrate antigen 125-guided diuretic strategy. The primary end point was all-cause mortality and total all-cause readmissions. RESULTS: The mean age was 78±8 years, and the mean glomerular filtration rate was 34.0±8.5mL/min/1.73 m2. The median UNa+ was 90 (65-111) mmol/L. At a median follow-up of 1.73 years [interquartile range, 0.48-2.35], 83 deaths (51.9%) were registered, as well as 263 all-cause readmissions in 110 patients. UNa+ was independently associated with mortality (HR, 0.75; 95%CI, 0.65-0.87; P <.001) and all-cause readmissions (HR, 0.92; 95%CI, 0.88-0.96; P <.001). The prognostic usefulness of the ΔUNa24h varied according to UNa+ at admission (P for interaction <.05). The ΔUNa24h was inversely associated with both end points only in the group with UNa+ ≤ 50 mmol/L. Conversely, no effect was found in the group with UNa+> 50 mmol/L. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with AHF and renal dysfunction, a single early determination of UNa+ ≤ 50 mmol/L identifies patients with a higher risk of all-cause mortality and readmission. The ΔUNa24h adds prognostic information over baseline values only when UNa+ at admission is ≤ 50 mmol/L.

11.
Eur J Intern Med ; 81: 78-82, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32553586

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There is scarce information about the clinical profile and prognosis of acute heart failure (AHF) at the extreme ranges of age. We aimed to evaluate the 1-year death (all-cause mortality and HF-death) and HF-rehospitalizations of patients ≥85 years admitted for AHF. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated a cohort of 3054 patients admitted with AHF from 2007 to 2018 in a third-level center. Age was categorized per 10-year categories (<65 years; 65-74 years, 75-84 years, and ≥85 years). The risk of mortality and HF-rehospitalizations across age categories was evaluated with Cox regression analysis and Cox regression adapted for competing events as appropriate. RESULTS: The mean age was 73.6 ± 11.2 years, 48.9% were female, and 52.8% had preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (HFpEF). A total of 414 (13.6%) patients were ≥85 years. Among this group of age, female sex and HFpEF phenotype were more frequent. At 1-year follow-up 667 all-cause deaths (22,1%), 311 HF-deaths (10.1%) and 693 HF-hospitalizations (22,7%) were recorded. After multivariable adjustment, and compared to patients <65 years, a stepwise increased risk of all-cause mortality and HF-death was found for each decade increase in age, especially for patients ≥85 years (HR=3.47; 95% CI: 2.49 - 4.84, p<0.001, HR=3.31; 95% CI: 1.95 - 5.63; p<0.001, respectively). This subgroup of patients also showed an increased risk of HF-rehospitalization (HR=1.58; 95% CI: 1.16 - 2.16, p=0.004). CONCLUSIONS: Super elderly patients admitted with AHF showed a dramatically increased risk of 1-year death. This subset of patients also shown an increased risk of 1-year HF-readmission.

12.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 11(1): 213, 2020 06 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32493487

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a chronic, progressive, and severe disease with a limited response to currently available therapies. Epithelial cell injury and failure of appropriate healing or regeneration are central to the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether intratracheal transplantation of alveolar type II-like cells differentiated from induced pluripotent stem cells can stop and reverse the fibrotic process in an experimental model of bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis in rats. METHODS: Human induced pluripotent stem cells were differentiated to alveolar type II-like cells and characterized. Lung fibrosis was induced in rats by a single intratracheal instillation of bleomycin. Animals were transplanted with human induced pluripotent stem cells differentiated to alveolar type II-like cells at a dose of 3 × 106 cells/animal 15 days after endotracheal bleomycin instillation when the animal lungs were already fibrotic. Animals were sacrificed 21 days after the induction of lung fibrosis. Lung fibrosis was assessed by hydroxiprolin content, histologic studies, and the expression of transforming growth factor-ß and α-smooth muscle actin. RESULTS: Cell transplantation of alveolar type II-like cells differentiated from induced pluripotent stem cells can significantly reduce pulmonary fibrosis and improve lung alveolar structure, once fibrosis has already formed. This is associated with the inhibition of transforming growth factor-ß and α-smooth muscle actin in the damaged rat lung tissue. CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this is the first data to demonstrate that at the fibrotic stage of the disease, intratracheal transplantation of human induced pluripotent differentiated to alveolar type II-like cells halts and reverses fibrosis.

13.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; 9(5): 437-447, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32129669

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plasma amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide and antigen carbohydrate 125 levels are positively associated with a higher risk of adverse clinical outcomes in acute heart failure. As a proxy of congestion, antigen carbohydrate 125 has also been proposed as a right-sided heart failure marker. Thus, we aimed to determine in this population the main factors - including echocardiographic right-sided heart failure parameters - associated with antigen carbohydrate 125 and amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide. METHODS AND RESULTS: We prospectively included 2949 patients admitted with acute heart failure. Amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide and antigen carbohydrate 125 were used as dependent variables in a multivariable linear regression analysis. The mean age of the sample was 73.9±11.1 years; 48.9% were female, 35.8% showed ischaemic aetiology, and 51.6% exhibited heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. The median (interquartile range) for amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide and antigen carbohydrate 125 were 4840 (2111-9204) pg/ml and 58 (26-129) U/ml, respectively. In a multivariable setting, and ranked in order of importance (R2), estimated glomerular filtration rate (43.7%), left ventricle ejection fraction (15.1%), age (12.4%) and high-sensitivity troponin T (10.9%) emerged as the most important factors associated with amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide. The five main factors associated with antigen carbohydrate 125 were, in order of importance: the presence of pleural effusion (36.8%), tricuspid regurgitation severity (25.1%), age (11.9%), amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (6.5%) and peripheral oedema (4.3%). CONCLUSION: In patients with acute heart failure the main factors associated with amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide were renal dysfunction, left ventricle ejection fraction and age. For antigen carbohydrate 125, clinical parameters of congestion and the severity of tricuspid regurgitation were the most important predictors. These results endorse the value of antigen carbohydrate 125 as a useful marker of right-sided heart failure.

14.
Coron Artery Dis ; 31(4): 378-384, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32040026

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In established ischemic heart disease, the relationship between lipoprotein(a) and new cardiovascular events showed contradictory results. Our aim was to assess the relationship between lipoprotein(a) and very long-term recurrent myocardial infarction (MI) after an index episode of ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: We included 435 consecutive STEMI patients discharged from October 2000 to June 2003 in a single teaching center. The relationship between lipoprotein(a) at discharge and recurrent MI was evaluated through negative binomial regression and Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: The mean age was 65 years (55-74 years), 25.5% were women, 34.7% were diabetic, and 66% had a MI of anterior location. Fibrinolysis, rescue, or primary angioplasty was performed in 215 (49.4%), 19 (4.4%), and 18 (4.1%) patients, respectively. The median lipoprotein(a) was 30.4 mg/dL (12-59.4 mg/dL). After a median follow-up of 9.6 years (4.1-15 years), 180 (41.4%) deaths and 187 MI in 133 (30.6%) patients were recorded. After a multivariate adjustment, the risk gradient of lipoprotein(a) showed a neutral effect along most of the continuum and only extreme higher values identified those at higher risk of recurrent MI (P = 0.020). Those with lipoprotein(a) values >95th percentile (≥135 mg/dL) showed a higher risk of recurrent MI (incidence rate ratio, 2.34; 95% confidence interval, 1.37-4.02; P = 0.002). Lipoprotein(a) was not related to the risk of mortality (P = 0.245). CONCLUSIONS: After an episode of STEMI, only extreme high values of lipoprotein(a) were associated with an increased risk of long-term recurrent MI.

15.
Am J Cardiol ; 125(7): 1033-1038, 2020 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31959430

RESUMO

Low lymphocyte count, as a marker of inflammation and immunosuppression, may be useful for identifying frail patients. In this work, we aimed to evaluate the association between low-relative lymphocyte count (Lymph%) and frailty status in patients >65 years old with acute coronary syndromes (ACS), and whether Lymph% is associated with morbimortality beyond standard prognosticators and frailty. In this prospective observational study, we included 488 hospital survivors of an episode of an ACS >65 years old. Total and differential white blood cells and frailty status were assessed at discharge. Frailty was evaluated using the Fried score at discharge and defined as Fried≥3. The independent association between Lymph% and Fried≥3 was evaluated by multivariate logistic regression analysis. The associations between Lymph% with long-term all-cause mortality and recurrent admission were evaluated with Cox regression and shared frailty regression, respectively. The mean age of the sample was 78 ± 7 years and 41% were females. The median (interquartile range) of the Lymph% was 21% (15 to 27) and 41% showed Fried≥3. In multivariate analysis, Lymph% was inversely related to the odds of frailty with an exponential increase risk from values below 15% (p = 0.001). Likewise, Lymph% was inverse and independently associated with a higher risk of long-term mortality (p = 0.011), recurrent all-cause (p = 0.020), and cardiovascular readmissions (p = 0.024). In conclusion, in patients >65 years with a recent ACS, low Lymph% evaluated at discharge is associated with a higher risk of frailty. Low Lymph% was also associated with a higher risk of long-term mortality and recurrent admissions beyond standard prognosticators and Fried score.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Fragilidade/sangue , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Fragilidade/mortalidade , Humanos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Espanha/epidemiologia , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
16.
Am J Med ; 133(3): 370-380.e4, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422111

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal diuretic treatment strategy for patients with acute heart failure and renal dysfunction remains unclear. Plasma carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125) is a surrogate of fluid overload and a potentially valuable tool for guiding decongestion therapy. The aim of this study was to determine if a CA125-guided diuretic strategy is superior to usual care in terms of short-term renal function in patients with acute heart failure and renal dysfunction at presentation. METHODS: This multicenter, open-label study randomized 160 patients with acute heart failure and renal dysfunction into 2 groups (1:1). Loop diuretics doses were established according to CA125 levels in the CA125-guided group (n = 79) and in clinical evaluation in the usual-care group (n = 81). Changes in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at 72 and 24 hours were the co-primary endpoints, respectively. RESULTS: The mean age was 78 ± 8 years, the median amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide was 7765 pg/mL, and the mean eGFR was 33.7 ± 11.3 mL/min/1.73m2. Over 72 hours, the CA125-guided group received higher furosemide equivalent dose compared to usual care (P = 0.011), which translated into higher urine volume (P = 0.042). Moreover, patients in the active arm with CA125 >35 U/mL received the highest furosemide equivalent dose (P <0.001) and had higher diuresis (P = 0.013). At 72 hours, eGFR (mL/min/1.73m2) significantly improved in the CA125-guided group (37.5 vs 34.8, P = 0.036), with no significant changes at 24 hours (35.8 vs 39.5, P = 0.391). CONCLUSION: A CA125-guided diuretic strategy significantly improved eGFR and other renal function parameters at 72 hours in patients with acute heart failure and renal dysfunction.


Assuntos
Antígeno Ca-125/sangue , Furosemida/administração & dosagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas de Membrana/sangue , Insuficiência Renal/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Simportadores de Cloreto de Sódio e Potássio/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/urina , Humanos , Testes de Função Renal , Masculino , Medicina de Precisão , Insuficiência Renal/complicações , Insuficiência Renal/urina , Urina
17.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 72(8): 616-624, ago. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-189032

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: Los pacientes con insuficiencia cardiaca en tratamiento con antagonistas de la vitamina K (AVK) por fibrilación auricular no valvular (FANV) a menudo presentan valores alterados de la razón internacional normalizada (INR). El objetivo es evaluar la asociación entre la INR al ingreso por insuficiencia cardiaca y el riesgo de mortalidad en el seguimiento. Métodos: Estudio observacional retrospectivo en el que se evaluó la INR al ingreso de 1.137 pacientes consecutivos con insuficiencia cardiaca aguda en tratamiento con AVK por FANV. Esta se categorizó en: INR en rango óptimo (INR = 2-3, n = 210), infraterapéutica (INR < 2, n = 660) o supraterapéutica (INR > 3, n = 267). La asociación independiente entre INR y mortalidad se evaluó mediante cálculo restringido de las diferencias en tiempos de supervivencia media, dado que la INR no cumple la condición de proporcionalidad de riesgos de mortalidad. Resultados: Tras una mediana de 2,15 [0,71-4,29] años, fallecieron 495 pacientes (43,5%). En el análisis multivariable, tanto la INR infraterapéutica como la supraterapéutica se asociaron con un mayor riesgo de mortalidad, con unas diferencias en tiempos de supervivencia media a 5 años de -0,50 años (IC95%,-0,77 a -0,23; p < 0,001) y -0,40 años (IC95%, -0,70 a -0,11; p = 0,007) con respecto a los pacientes con INR 2-3. Conclusiones: La INR fuera de rango óptimo al ingreso de los pacientes con insuficiencia cardiaca aguda en tratamiento con AVK por FANV se asocia de manera independiente con un mayor riesgo de mortalidad en el seguimiento a largo plazo


Introduction and objectives: Heart failure patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) on treatment with vitamin K antagonists (VKA) often have suboptimal international normalized ratio (INR) values. Our aim was to evaluate the association between INR values at admission due to acute heart failure and mortality risk during follow-up. Methods: In this observational study, we retrospectively assessed INR on admission in 1137 consecutive patients with acute heart failure and NVAF who were receiving VKA treatment. INR was categorized into optimal values (INR = 2-3, n = 210), subtherapeutic (INR < 2, n = 660), and supratherapeutic (INR > 3, n = 267). Because INR did not meet the proportional hazards assumption for mortality, restricted mean survival time differences were used to evaluate the association among INR categories and the risk of all-cause mortality. Results: During a median [interquartile range] follow-up of 2.15 years [0.71-4.29], 495 (43.5%) patients died. On multivariable analysis, both patients with subtherapeutic and supratherapeutic INR showed higher risks of all-cause mortality, as evidenced by their restricted mean survival time differences at 5 years' follow-up: -0.50; 95%CI, -0.77 to -0.23 years; P < .001; and -0.40; 95%CI, -0.70 to -0.11 years; P = .007, respectively, compared with INR 2-3. Conclusions: In acute heart failure patients on treatment with VKA for NVAF, INR values out of normal range at admission were independently associated with a higher long-term mortality risk


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Vitamina K/antagonistas & inibidores , Coeficiente Internacional Normatizado/classificação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fibrilação Atrial/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Risco Ajustado/métodos , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Indicadores de Morbimortalidade
18.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 72(4): 288-297, abr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-187894

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: No se dispone de tratamientos farmacológicos que demuestren reducir la morbimortalidad asociada en pacientes con insuficiencia cardiaca y función sistólica conservada (IC-FEc). El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar si en pacientes con IC-FEc, el entrenamiento de la musculatura inspiratoria (EMI), la electroestimulación muscular funcional (EMF) o la combinación de ambas (EMI + EMF) puede mejorar la capacidad funcional, calidad de vida, parámetros de disfunción diastólica o biomarcadores a las 12 y 24 semanas. Métodos: Un total de 61 pacientes estables con IC-FEc (clase funcional de la New York Heart Association II-III) se aleatorizaron (1:1:1:1) a recibir un programa de 12 semanas de EMI, EMF, o EMI + EMF frente a tratamiento médico estándar (control). El objetivo primario fue evaluar el cambio en el consumo máximo de oxígeno. Los objetivos secundarios fueron los cambios en la calidad de vida, parámetros ecocardiográficos y biomarcadores. Se utilizó un modelo lineal mixto para comparar los cambios entre los diferentes grupos. Resultados: La edad media fue 74 +/- 9 años y la proporción de mujeres fue del 58%. El test de consumo máximo de oxígeno fue de 9,9 +/- 2,5ml/min/kg. A las 12 semanas, con respecto al grupo control, el incremento medio de consumo máximo de oxígeno fue de 2,98, 2,93 y 2,47 para EMI, EMF y EMI + EMF, respectivamente (p < 0,001). Este incremento se mantuvo a las 24 semanas (1,95, 2,08 y 1,56, respectivamente; p < 0,001). Resultados similares se observaron en la puntuación del cuestionario de calidad de vida (p < 0,001). Conclusiones: En los pacientes con IC-FEc e importante reducción de la capacidad funcional, tanto el EMI como la EMF se asocian con una marcada mejoría de la capacidad funcional y la calidad de vida


Introduction and objectives: Despite the prevalence of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), there is currently no evidence-based effective therapy for this disease. This study sought to evaluate whether inspiratory muscle training (IMT), functional electrical stimulation (FES), or a combination of both (IMT + FES) improves 12- and 24-week exercise capacity as well as left ventricular diastolic function, biomarker profile, and quality of life in HFpEF. Methods: A total of 61 stable symptomatic patients (New York Heart Association functional class II-III) with HFpEF were randomized (1:1:1:1) to receive a 12-week program of IMT, FES, or IMT + FES vs usual care. The primary endpoint of the study was to evaluate change in peak exercise oxygen uptake at 12 and 24 weeks. Secondary endpoints were changes in quality of life, echocardiogram parameters, and prognostic biomarkers. We used a mixed-effects model for repeated-measures to compare endpoints changes. Results: Mean age and peak exercise oxygen uptake were 74 +/- 9 years and 9.9 +/- 2.5mL/min/kg, respectively. The proportion of women was 58%. At 12 weeks, the mean increase in peak exercise oxygen uptake (mL/kg/min) compared with usual care was 2.98, 2.93, and 2.47 for IMT, FES, and IMT + FES, respectively (P < .001) and this beneficial effect persisted after 24 weeks (1.95, 2.08, and 1.56; P < .001). Significant increases in quality of life scores were found at 12 weeks (P < .001). No other changes were found. Conclusions: In HFpEF patients with low aerobic capacity, IMT and FES were associated with a significant improvement in exercise capacity and quality of life


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Capacidade Inspiratória/fisiologia , Exercícios Respiratórios/métodos , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Músculos Respiratórios/fisiologia , Indicadores de Morbimortalidade , Biomarcadores/análise , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia
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