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Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37191454


OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to evaluate the prescribing practice of albumin in the intensive care unit (ICU) and to compare the clinical and economic outcomes associated with intravenous (IV) albumin compared to crystalloids in the ICU. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of ICU adult patients admitted to King Abdullah University Hospital during 2018-2019. Patient demographics, clinical characteristics, and admission charges were retrieved from medical records and billing system. Survival analysis, multivariable regression models, and propensity score matching estimator were performed to evaluate the impact of IV resuscitation fluid types on the clinical and economic outcomes. RESULTS: Albumin administration in the ICU was associated with significantly lower hazards of ICU death (HR = 0.57; P value <0.001), but without improving overall death probability compared to crystalloids. Albumin was associated with significant prolongation in the ICU length of stay (5.86 days; P value <0.001). Only 88 patients (24.3%) were prescribed albumin for Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved indications. Admission charges were significantly higher for patients treated with albumin (p value <0.001). CONCLUSIONS: IV Albumin use in the ICU was not associated with significant improvement in clinical outcomes, but with a remarkable increase in economic burden. The majority of patients received albumin for non-FDA-approved indications.

Albuminas , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Adulto , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Soluções Cristaloides , Administração Intravenosa , Tempo de Internação
Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res ; 19(5): 561-567, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30663452


Background: Intensive Care Unit (ICU) medication costs contribute to a large portion of the total ICU costs. Evaluating ICU drug expenditures is essential for optimal resource use especially in countries with limited resources. Considering the dearth of data regarding ICU medication expenses in the Middle East, we sought to evaluate ICU medication charges at a large academic hospital in Jordan. Methods: ICU drug charges were extracted from the hospital administration database at King Abdullah University Hospital for 2014-2015 fiscal years (FYs). ICU drug charges were compared to non-ICU drug charges that were incurred during the same patient admissions. ICU medications with the most significant charges were identified. The most frequent diagnoses with the highest ICU medication charges were described. Results: Average ICU medication charges per day were approximately twice that of non-ICU medication charges ($121.5 versus $55.7 in 2014 and $100.2 versus $52.2 in 2015; p < 0.001 in both FYs). Meropenem and human albumin were the most expensive ICU medications. Drug charge allocation was most expensive for sepsis, motor vehicle accidents and respiratory failure. Conclusion: Drug charges in the ICU are considerably higher than non-ICU drug charges, thus requiring more vigilant cost containment approaches. Further research is needed to evaluate the appropriateness of expensive ICU medications.

Custos de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Custos Hospitalares/estatística & dados numéricos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/economia , Adulto , Idoso , Controle de Custos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Jordânia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos