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1.
Nanoscale ; 13(32): 13795-13808, 2021 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477654

RESUMO

Light-activated functional materials capable of remote control over duplex and G-quadruplex (G4) nucleic acids formation at the cellular level are still very rare. Herein, we report on the photoinduced macrocyclisation of a helicenoid quinoline derivative of binaphthol that selectively provides easy access to an unprecedented class of extended heteroaromatic structures with remarkable photophysical and DNA/RNA binding properties. Thus, while the native bisquinoline precursor shows no DNA binding activity, the new in situ photochemically generated probe features high association constants to DNA and RNA G4s. The latter inhibits DNA synthesis by selectively stabilizing G4 structures associated with oncogenic promoters and telomere repeat units. Finally, the light sensitive compound is capable of in cellulo photoconversion, localizes primarily in the G4-rich sites of cancer cells, competes with a well-known G4 binder and shows a clear nuclear co-localization with the quadruplex specific antibody BG4. This work provides a benchmark for the future design and development of a brand-new generation of light-activated target-selective G4-binders.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes , Quadruplex G , DNA , Ligantes , Telômero
2.
J Phys Chem B ; 125(30): 8572-8580, 2021 08 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34291941

RESUMO

Singlet-triplet interconversions (intersystem crossing, ISC) in organic molecules are at the basis of many important processes in cutting-edge photonic applications (organic light-emitting devices, photodynamic therapy, etc.). Selection rules for these transitions are mainly governed by the spin-orbit coupling (SOC) phenomenon. Although the SOC relies on complex relativistic phenomena, theoreticians have, with time, developed increasingly sophisticated and efficient approaches to gain access to a satisfactory evaluation of its magnitude. However, recent works have highlighted the remarkable and somehow unexpected efficiency of dimers of small conjugated molecules in terms of ISC quantum yields, whose origin has not been completely investigated. In this work, we bring a coupled experimental and theoretical analysis of the origin of the unusually large ISC efficiency on a series of such dimers that differ by their nature (covalent or supramolecular). We show that considering the dynamical nature of the SOC, and especially its dependence on angular orientations between the dimer subunits sometimes overlooked in the literature, it is necessary to rationalize some counterintuitive experimental observations. This combined experimental and theoretical work paves the way for new molecular engineering rules for SOC control.


Assuntos
Fotoquimioterapia , Dimerização
3.
Chemistry ; 27(34): 8704-8708, 2021 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33826178

RESUMO

The first metal-free procedure for the synthesis of arylsulfonyl fluorides is reported. Under organo-photoredox conditions, aryl diazonium salts react with a readily available SO2 source (DABSO) to afford the desired product through simple nucleophilic fluorination. The reaction tolerates the presence of both electron-rich and -poor aryls and demonstrated a broad functional group tolerance. To shed the light on the reaction mechanism, several experimental techniques were combined, including fluorescence, NMR, and EPR spectroscopy as well as DFT calculations.


Assuntos
Fluoretos , Metais , Catálise , Luz
4.
Chemistry ; 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33769628

RESUMO

Although tetraphenylethylene (TPE) and its derivatives have been the most commonly used building blocks in the construction of molecules with aggregation-induced emission (AIE) properties, no absolute consensus exists regarding the mechanisms at the origin of the phenomenon. Restriction of intramolecular rotations (RIR) of peripheral phenyls has historically been a dominant paradigm, which has served as a valuable guideline in the molecular engineering of AIEgens. Yet, an increasing number of recent works have established that photoisomerization or photocyclization may actively participate in the nonradiative dissipation of the excitation energy. In this paper, the first experimental evaluation of the quantum efficiencies of these different processes is reported, and photoisomerization is shown to be by far the dominant photophysical pathway in solution, accounting for virtually all nonradiative decay of the molecule's excited state in degassed solution.

5.
Chem Rec ; 21(2): 417-426, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33502093

RESUMO

This account highlights some of our recent work on photoinduced trifluoromethylselenolation reactions. This research program relies primarily on the design of a new key shelf-stable selenating reagent that can be involved in various radical processes In particular, we demonstrated that trifluoromethylselenolation of arenes, alkenes, alkynes as well as aliphatic organic building blocks can be readily achieved under visible-light irradiation. Mechanistic investigations based on 19 F NMR studies, EPR spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry and luminescence studies allowed us to shed the light on the different proposed mechanisms in the designed methodologies. The applicative potential of these strategies was further demonstrated through the synthesis of bioactive analogue containing SeCF3 motif.

6.
Anal Chem ; 93(5): 2926-2932, 2021 02 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33476133

RESUMO

We introduce a general and relatively straightforward protocol aimed at determining the absolute photoinduced radical generation efficiency via NMR monitoring. This approach relies on the use of a radical scavenger probe that combines a nitroxide moiety that specifically reacts with radicals and a trifluoromethyl group used as a 19F NMR signaling unit. Using an LED source, whose fluence is precisely determined by a chemical actinometry procedure also described herein, the method is used to determine the radical photogeneration quantum yields of three well-known polymerization initiators: azobisisobutyronitrile (AIBN), 4,4'-bis(N,N-diethylamino)benzophenone (BDEBP, a derivative of Michler's ethyl ketone), and 2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyl diphenylphosphine oxide (MAPO). The overall good agreement with values previously reported in the literature proves the robustness of this new method. We then extended the study to the precise measurement of the quantum yield of free-radical photogeneration on a newly synthesized photoinitiator used for two-photon direct laser writing. This study highlights the potential of this methodology for the quantitative determination of photoinduced radical generation efficiency used in many fields of applications.

7.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(49): 55157-55168, 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33217234

RESUMO

This paper aims at designing chromophores with efficient aggregation-induced emission (AIE) properties for two-photon fluorescence microscopy (2PFM), which is one of the best-suited types of microscopy for the imaging of living organisms or thick biological tissues. Tetraphenylethylene (TPE) derivatives are common building blocks in the design of chromophores with efficient AIE properties. Therefore, in this study, extended TPE AIEgens specifically optimized for two-photon absorption (2PA) are synthesized and the resulting (E/Z) isomers are separated using chromatography on chiral supports. Comparative characterization of the AIE properties is performed on the pure (Z) and (E) isomers and the mixture, allowing us, in combination with powder X-ray diffraction and solid-state NMR, to document a profound impact of crystallinity on solid-state fluorescence properties. In particular, we show that stereopure AIEgens form aggregates of superior crystallinity, which in turn exhibit a higher fluorescence quantum yield compared to diastereoisomers mixtures. Preparation of stereopure organic nanoparticles affords very bright fluorescent contrast agents, which are then used for cellular and intravital two-photon microscopy on human breast cancer cells and on zebrafish embryos.


Assuntos
Compostos de Anilina/química , Meios de Contraste/química , Imagem Óptica/métodos , Estilbenos/química , Animais , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Embrião não Mamífero/anatomia & histologia , Feminino , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Humanos , Isomerismo , Células MCF-7 , Microscopia de Fluorescência por Excitação Multifotônica , Nanopartículas/química , Peixe-Zebra/crescimento & desenvolvimento
8.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 22(22): 12373-12381, 2020 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32309827

RESUMO

In spite of their remarkable luminescence properties, benzothioxanthene imide (BTXI, an imide containing rylene chromophores) derivatives have been largely overlooked compared to their perylene bisimide and naphthalene bisimide counterparts. Thus, their detailed photophysics are much less understood. In this paper, we show how relatively simple structural modifications of the backbone of BTXIs can lead to impressive variations in their inter-system crossing kinetics. Thus, through rational engineering of their structure, it is possible to obtain a triplet formation quantum yield that reaches unity, making BTXI a promising class of compounds for triplet-based applications (photodynamic therapy, electroluminescence, etc.).

9.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(22): 24895-24904, 2020 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32336084

RESUMO

While magnetic supports have been widely used to immobilize homogeneous catalysts in organic chemistry, this strategy has so far found very little application in photocatalysis. Indeed, magnetic supports are dark colored, and thus compete for photon absorption with photocatalysts themselves. We have developed a series of core-shell Fe(0)-silica nanoparticles as supports for immobilizing the photosensitizer Ru(bpy)32+, featuring various silica shell thicknesses-16-34 nm SiO2-on 9 nm Fe cores. The supports and the resulting photocatalytic systems were studied for their magnetic, optical, and catalytic properties in the context of the photooxidation of citronellol, and we found that thicker silica shells lead to higher catalytic activity. We correlated this effect as well as Ru(bpy)32+ fluorescence and singlet oxygen generation to the absorption properties of the supports. We were able to reuse our optimal system three times with minimal loss of activity and achieved turnover numbers largely surpassing the performance of homogeneous Ru(bpy)32+. This work highlights the role of material design in the conception of new supports for applications in heterogeneous photocatalysis.

10.
Molecules ; 25(5)2020 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32138280

RESUMO

A current trend within photo-dynamic therapy (PDT) is the development of molecular systems targeting hypoxic tumors. Thus, type I PDT sensitizers could here overcome traditional type II molecular systems that rely on the photo-initiated production of toxic singlet oxygen. Here, we investigate the cell localization properties and toxicity of two polymeric anthracene-based fluorescent probes (neutral Ant-PHEA and cationic Ant-PIm). The cell death and DNA damage of Chinese hamster ovary cancer cells (CHO-K1) were characterized as combining PDT, cell survival studies (MTT-assay), and comet assay. Confocal microscopy was utilized on samples incubated together with either DRAQ5, Lyso Tracker Red, or Mito Tracker Deep Red in order to map the localization of the sensitizer into the nucleus and other cell compartments. While Ant-PHEA did not cause significant damage to the cell, Ant-PIm showed increased cell death upon illumination, at the cost of a significant dark toxicity. Both anthracene chromophores localized in cell compartments of the cytosol. Ant-PIm showed a markedly improved selectivity toward lysosomes and mitochondria, two important biological compartments for the cell's survival. None of the two anthracene chromophores showed singlet oxygen formation upon excitation in solvents such as deuterium oxide or methanol. Conclusively, the significant photo-induced cell death that could be observed with Ant-PIm suggests a possible type I PDT mechanism rather than the usual type II mechanism.


Assuntos
Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Polímeros/química , Animais , Antracenos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cricetulus , Feminino , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Fotoquimioterapia , Oxigênio Singlete/química
11.
Inorg Chem ; 58(12): 7730-7745, 2019 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31140791

RESUMO

Three new copper(I) complexes [Cu(LX)2]+(PF6-) (where LX stands for 2,9-dihalo-1,10-phenanthroline and X = Cl, Br, and I) have been synthesized in order to study the impact of halogen substituents tethered in the α position of the chelating nitrogen atoms on their physical properties. The photophysical properties of these new complexes (hereafter named Cu-X) were characterized in both their ground and excited states. Femtosecond ultrafast spectroscopy revealed that early photoinduced processes are faster for Cu-I than for Cu-Cl or Cu-Br, both showing similar behaviors. Their electronic absorption and electrochemical properties are comparable to benchmark [Cu(dmp)2]+ (where dmp stands for 2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline); furthermore, their optical features were fully reproduced by time-dependent density functional theory and ab initio molecular dynamics calculations. All three complexes are luminescent at room temperature, showing that halogen atoms bound to positions 2 and 9 of phenanthroline are sufficiently bulky to prevent strong interactions between the excited Cu complexes and solvent molecules in the coordination sphere. Their behavior in the excited state, more specifically the extent of the photoluminescence efficiency and its dependence on the temperature, is, however, strongly dependent on the nature of the halogen. A combination of ultrafast transient absorption spectroscopy, temperature-dependent steady-state fluorescence spectroscopy, and computational chemistry allows one to gain a deeper understanding of the behavior of all three complexes in their excited state.

12.
Chemistry ; 25(38): 9026-9034, 2019 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30972809

RESUMO

Two trispicolinate 1,4,7-triazacyclonane (TACN)-based ligands bearing three picolinate biphotonic antennae were synthetized and their Yb3+ and Gd3+ complexes isolated. One series differs from the other by the absence (L1 )/presence (L2 ) of bromine atoms on the antenna backbone, offering respectively improved optical and singlet-oxygen generation properties. Photophysical properties of the ligands, complexes and micellar Pluronic suspensions were investigated. Complexes exhibit high two-photon absorption cross-section combined either with NIR emission (Yb) or excellent 1 O2 generation (Gd). The very large intersystem crossing efficiency induced by the combination of bromine atom and heavy rare-earth element was corroborated with theoretical calculations. The 1 O2 generation properties of L2 Gd micellar suspension under two-photon activation leads to tumour cell death, suggesting the potential of such structures for theranostic applications.

13.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 54(71): 9909-9912, 2018 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30105319

RESUMO

The reactivity of fluoroalkylselenotoluenesulfonates with unsaturated substrates is explored herein. The direct activation of these shelf-stable reagents under visible light allows the double functionalisation of alkenes or alkynes efficiently, leading to a wide range of ß-fluoroalkylselenolated sulfones. Mechanistic investigations have been undertaken supporting the formation of radical intermediates.

14.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 57(36): 11781-11785, 2018 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29985549

RESUMO

The first visible-light-mediated synthesis of trifluoromethylselenolated arenes under metal-free conditions is reported. The use of an organic photocatalyst enables the trifluoromethylselenolation of arene diazonium salts using the shelf-stable reagent trifluoromethyl tolueneselenosulfonate at room temperature. The reaction does not require the presence of any additives and shows high functional-group tolerance, covering a very broad range of starting materials. Mechanistic investigations, including EPR spectroscopy, luminescence investigations, and cyclic voltammetry allow rationalization of the reaction mechanism.

15.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 8(23): 5915-5920, 2017 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29148817

RESUMO

The implication of guanine-rich DNA sequences in biologically important roles such as telomerase dysfunction and the regulation of gene expression has prompted the search for structure-specific G-quadruplex agents for targeted diagnostic and therapeutic applications. Herein, we report on a near-infrared (NIR) two-photon poly(cationic) anthracene-based macromolecule able to selectively target G-quadruplexes (G4s) over genomic double-stranded DNA. In particular, the striking changes in its linear and third-order nonlinear optical properties, combined with the emergence of a strong induced electronic circular dichroism (ECD) signal upon binding to canonical and noncanonical DNA secondary structures allowed for a highly specific detection of several different G4s. Furthermore, through a detailed computational analysis we bring compelling evidence that our probe intercalation within G4s is a thermodynamically favored event, and we fully rationalize the spectroscopic evolution resulting from this complexation event by providing a reasonable explanation regarding the origin of the peculiar ECD effect that accompanies it.


Assuntos
DNA/química , Quadruplex G , Substâncias Macromoleculares , Sequência de Bases , Dicroísmo Circular , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Guanina/química , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Fótons , Termodinâmica
16.
Biomacromolecules ; 18(12): 4022-4033, 2017 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29020442

RESUMO

One of the challenges of photodynamic therapy is to increase the penetration depth of light irradiation in the tumor tissues. Although two-photon excitation strategies have been developed, the two-photon absorption cross sections of clinically used photosensitizers are generally low (below 300 GM). Besides, photosensitizers with high cross section values are often non-water-soluble. In this research work, a whole family of photosensitizer-polymer conjugates was synthesized via the covalent binding of a photosensitizer with a relatively high cross section along a biocompatible copolymer chain. The resulting photosensitizer-polymer conjugates were water-soluble and could be imaged in cellulo by two-photon microscopy thanks to their high two-photon absorption cross sections (up to 2600 GM in water, in the NIR range). In order to explore the structure/photodynamic activity relationship of such macromolecular photosensitizers, the influence of the polymer size, photosensitizer density, and presence of charges along the polymer backbone was investigated (neutral, anionic, cationic, and zwitterionic conjugates were compared). The macromolecular photosensitizers were not cytotoxic in the absence of light irradiation. Their kinetics of cellular uptake in the B16-F10 melanoma cell line were followed by flow cytometry over 24 h. The efficiency of cell death upon photoactivation was found to be highly correlated to the cellular uptake in turn correlated to the global charge of the macromolecular photosensitizer which appeared as the determining structural parameter.


Assuntos
Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Polímeros/química , Polímeros/farmacologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Fluorescência , Substâncias Macromoleculares/farmacologia , Melanoma/tratamento farmacológico , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Tamanho da Partícula , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fótons , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
17.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 53(41): 5653-5656, 2017 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28484756

RESUMO

A variety of unprecedented scaffolds containing a difluoroacyl moiety were obtained in moderate to good yields, with excellent diastereoselectivity, via electrochemical or photochemical activation of difluoroacyl heteroaryles with a series of olefinic substrates.

18.
Chem Sci ; 8(1): 381-394, 2017 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28451183

RESUMO

The synthesis of keto-heptamethine derivatives has been expanded to various new symmetrical and asymmetrical structures, including an unprecedented di-anionic keto-polymethine. The spectroscopic behavior of these new dyes has been systematically and thoroughly investigated, revealing that the formation of hydrogen bond interactions with protic solvents is responsible for a dramatic enhancement of the fluorescence quantum yield in the far-red spectral region. The existence of these strong hydrogen-bond interactions was further confirmed by molecular dynamics simulations. These bis-dipolar polymethines exhibit large two-photon absorption (TPA) cross-sections (σ2 in GM) in the near-infrared, making them ideal candidates for NIR-to-NIR two-photon microscopy imaging applications. We demonstrate that the molecular engineering of the hydrophilic/hydrophobic balance enables targeting of different cellular components, such as cytoplasm or cell membranes. Addition of appropriate substituents provides the molecule with high-water-solubility, affording efficient two-photon probes for angiography.

19.
ACS Omega ; 2(9): 5715-5725, 2017 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30023750

RESUMO

The binding interaction of a biocompatible water-soluble polycationic two-photon fluorophore (Ant-PIm) toward human serum albumin (HSA) was thoroughly investigated under simulated physiological conditions using a combination of steady-state, time-resolved, and two-photon excited fluorescence techniques. The emission properties of both Ant-PIm and the fluorescent amino acid residues in HSA undergo remarkable changes upon complexation allowing the thermodynamic profile associated with Ant-PIm-HSA complexation to be accurately established. The marked increase in Ant-PIm fluorescence intensity and quantum yield in the proteinous environment seems to be the outcome of the attenuation of radiationless decay pathways resulting from motional restriction imposed on the fluorophore. Fluorescence resonance energy transfer and site-marker competitive experiments provide conclusive evidence that the binding of Ant-PIm preferentially occurs within the subdomain IIA. The pronounced hypsochromic effect and increased fluorescence enhancement upon association with HSA, compared to that of bovine serum albumin (BSA) and other biological interferents, makes the polymeric Ant-PIm probe a valuable sensing agent in rather complex biological environments, allowing facile discrimination between the closely related HSA and BSA. Furthermore, the strong two-photon absorption (TPA) with a maximum located at 820 nm along with a TPA cross section σ2 > 800 GM, and the marked changes in the position and intensity of the band upon complexation definitely make Ant-PIm a promising probe for two-photon excited fluorescence-based discrimination of HSA from BSA.

20.
Soft Matter ; 12(48): 9749-9758, 2016 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27886321

RESUMO

We demonstrated recently that polyelectrolytes with cationic moieties along the chain and a single anionic head are able to form physical hydrogels due to the reversible nature of the head-to-body ionic bond. Here we generate a variety of such polyelectrolytes with various cationic moieties and counterion combinations starting from a common polymeric platform. We show that the rheological properties (shear modulus, critical strain) of the final hydrogels can be modulated over three orders of magnitude depending on the cation/anion pair. Our data fit remarkably well within a scaling model involving a supramolecular head-to-tail single file between cross-links, akin to the behaviour of pine-processionary caterpillar. This model allows the quantitative measure of the amount of counterion condensation from standard rheology procedure.

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