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1.
Chest ; 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32004553

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The influence of morbid obesity on mortality in patients receiving anticoagulant therapy for venous thromboembolism (VTE) has not been consistently evaluated. METHODS: We used the data from RIETE registry to compare the mortality risk during anticoagulation in VTE patients with morbid obesity (body mass index [BMI] ≥40) versus those with normal weight (BMI: 18.5-24.9). Patients with or without active cancer were analyzed separately. RESULTS: By September 2018, there were 4,443 VTE patients with morbid obesity and 12,047 with normal weight in RIETE. Of these, 245 (5.5%) and 1,397 (11.6%) respectively had cancer. Median duration of anticoagulant therapy was longer in the morbidly obese, with- (185 vs. 114 days) or without cancer (203 vs. 177 days). Among cancer patients, 44 (18.0%) morbidly obese and 1,377 (32.8%) patients with normal weight died during anticoagulation. Among those without cancer, 44 (3.1%) and 601 (5.6%) respectively died. On bivariate analysis, morbid obesity was associated with a lower mortality rate, both in patients with cancer (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.34; 95%CI: 0.25-0.45) and in those without cancer (HR: 0.43; 95%CI: 0.32-0.58). Multivariable analysis confirmed a lower hazard of death in morbidly obese patients with- (HR: 0.68; 95%CI: 0.50-0.94) or without cancer (HR: 0.67; 95%CI: 0.49-0.96). The risk for VTE recurrences or major bleeding did not differ in patients with or without morbid obesity. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with VTE, the risk for death during anticoagulation was about one third lower in morbidly obese patients than in those with normal weight, independently of the presence of cancer.

2.
Vasc Med ; : 1358863X19893432, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000631

RESUMO

Gastric cancer is the fifth most common malignancy worldwide. Venous thromboembolism is an independent predictor of death among patients with gastric cancer. We aimed to describe the factors associated with mortality, thrombosis recurrence, and bleeding complications in patients with gastric cancer who develop venous thromboembolism. We included 612 patients with gastric cancer and venous thromboembolism in the Registro Informatizado de la Enfermedad TromboEmbólica (RIETE) registry from 2001 to 2018. We used Cox proportional hazard ratios and a Fine-Gray model to define factors associated with outcomes. The overall mortality at 6 months was 44.4%. Factors associated with increased 6-month mortality included immobility (HR 1.8, 95% CI 1.3-2.4; p < 0.001), anemia (HR 1.4, 95% CI 1.1-1.8; p < 0.02), and leukocytosis (HR 1.8, 95% CI 1.4-2.3; p < 0.001). Recurrent thrombosis occurred in 6.5% of patients and major bleeding complications in 8.5% of the cohort. Male sex was the main factor associated with thrombosis recurrence (HR 2.1, 95% CI 1.1-4.0; p < 0.02) and hemoglobin below 10 g/dL (HR 1.6, 95% CI 1.05-2.50; p = 0.03) the main factor associated with bleeding. In conclusion, patients with gastric cancer who develop venous thrombosis have a very high likelihood of death. Low hemoglobin in this population is associated with poor outcomes.

3.
Int J Cardiol ; 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31954590

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Limited data exist about the clinical presentation and outcomes of patients with inferior vena cava agenesis (IVCA) who develop deep vein thrombosis (DVT). METHODS: We used the RIETE (Registro Informatizado Enfermedad Trombo Embólica) registry to compare clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with lower limb DVT, according to the presence or absence of IVCA. Major outcomes included recurrent DVT, major bleeding and post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS). RESULTS: Among 50,744 patients with lower-limb DVT recruited in October 2018, 31 (0.06%) had IVCA. On multivariable analysis, patients aged < 30 years (odds ratio [OR]: 17.9; 95%CI: 7.05-45.3), with unprovoked DVT (OR: 2.49; 95%CI: 1.17-5.29), proximal (OR: 2.81; 95%CI: 1.05-7.53) or bilateral DVT (OR: 11.5; 95%CI: 4.75-27.8) were at increased risk to have IVCA. Patients with DVT and IVCA had lower odds to present with coexisting PE (OR: 0.22; 95%CI: 0.07-0.73). During the first year of follow-up, the rates of DVT recurrences (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.30; 95%CI: 0.07-6.43), pulmonary embolism (HR: 2.30; 95%CI: 0.11-11.4) or major bleeding (HR: 1.32; 95%CI: 0.07-6.50) were not significantly different with those with versus those without IVCA. One year after the index DVT, IVCA patients had a higher rate of skin induration (OR: 3.70; 95%CI: 1.30-9.52), collateral vein circulation (OR: 3.57; 95%CI: 1.42-8.79) or venous ulcer (OR: 5.87; 95%CI: 1.36-1.87) in the lower limb than those without IVCA. CONCLUSIONS: Certain clinical features such as unprovoked and bilateral proximal DVT in young patients should raise the suspicion for IVCA. Patients with IVCA had higher odds for symptoms of post-thrombotic syndrome.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31898272

RESUMO

Hallux valgus surgery (HVS) is one of the most common orthopedic procedures, often occurring in older adults. Guidelines provide inconsistent recommendations about venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis after HVS and data are scarce regarding VTE presentation and outcomes in this population. We reported the clinical characteristics and outcomes of VTE following HVS among patients enrolled in Registro Informatizado Enfermedad TromboEmbolica (RIETE), a prospective multicenter VTE registry. We compared the findings with those of other patients in RIETE. Consecutive patients with VTE post HVS were included in the study. Baseline characteristics, administration of VTE prophylaxis prior to diagnosis, presenting symptoms and signs, risk factors for VTE, and 90-day outcomes including recurrent VTE, major bleeding and death were determined. A total of 54 patients with VTE post HVS were identified in RIETE [median age: 64 (interquartile range 56-71) years; 85.2% female] and were compared with 74,111 VTE patients who had not undergone HVS. Among those with VTE post HVS, 63.0% had received VTE prophylaxis, in contrast to 35.6% in the rest of the RIETE cohort. Simplified Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index was zero in 66.7% of the patients with pulmonary embolism post HVS and 33.3% of other RIETE patients (P = 0.011). Compared with other VTE patients, use of estrogens was higher in HVS group (13.0% vs 5.4%, P = 0.01). All patients with VTE post HVS (100%) and most of other VTE patients (99.6%) were treated with anticoagulation, most commonly with low-molecular weight heparins. In contrast to the rest of the patients in RIETE, the absolute number of all fatal and non-fatal outcomes at 90 days was zero in the post HVS group (i.e. no deaths, no recurrence of VTE, and no major bleeding). In a large registry of patients with VTE, all patients with VTE post HVS underwent anticoagulation. These patients had much better outcomes than the rest of VTE patients, with no deaths, recurrences or major bleeding events at 90-day follow-up.

6.
Atherosclerosis ; 292: 84-89, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31785493

RESUMO

BAGKGROUND AND AIMS: The influence of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) on outcome in patients with symptomatic artery disease remains controversial. METHODS: FRENA is a prospective registry of consecutive outpatients with symptomatic coronary (CAD), cerebrovascular (CVD) or peripheral artery disease (PAD). We compared the risk for subsequent ischemic events or death according to the use of PPIs. RESULTS: As of December 2016, 5170 patients were recruited: 1793 (35%) had CAD, 1530 (30%) CVD and 1847 (35%) had PAD. Overall, 2289 patients (44%) were regularly using PPIs. During a median follow-up of 36 months, 172 patients suffered a recurrent myocardial infarction, 139 had ischemic stroke, 71 underwent limb amputation and 267 died (cardiovascular death, 109). On multivariable analysis, patients using PPIs were at a lower risk for subsequent limb amputation (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.53; 95%CI: 0.30-0.94), a similar risk for myocardial infarction (HR: 0.78; 95%CI: 0.55-1.10) or stroke (HR: 0.93; 95%CI: 0.64-1.35) and at a higher risk of death (HR: 1.37; 95%CI: 1.04-1.79). CONCLUSIONS: Among stable outpatients with symptomatic artery disease, the use of PPIs was associated with a lower risk for subsequent ischemic events but a higher risk for death.

7.
Angiology ; 71(2): 131-138, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31578072

RESUMO

Patients with autoimmune disorders are at an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), but this association has not been consistently evaluated. We used the RIETE (Registro Informatizado Enfermedad Trombo Embólica) database to compare the rates of VTE recurrences, major bleeding, and death during the course of anticoagulation, according to the presence or absence of autoimmune disorders. Of 71 625 patients with VTE recruited in February 2018, 1800 (2.5%) had autoimmune disorders. Median duration of anticoagulant therapy was slightly longer in patients with autoimmune disorders (median, 190 vs 182 days; P = .001). On multivariable analysis, patients with autoimmune disorders had a similar risk of VTE recurrences (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.93; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.68-1.27) or major bleeding (HR: 1.07; 95% CI: 0.82-1.40) and a lower risk to die (HR: 0.66; 95% CI: 0.54-0.81) than those without autoimmune disorders. Patients with giant cell arteritis had the highest rates of major bleeding (8.6 events per 100 patient-years) and the lowest rate of recurrences (zero). In other subgroups, the rates of both events were more balanced. During anticoagulation, patients with or without autoimmune disorders had similar rates of VTE recurrences or major bleeding. However, there were some differences between subgroups of patients with autoimmune disorders.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/complicações , Tromboembolia Venosa/etiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Espanha , Tromboembolia Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Tromboembolia Venosa/epidemiologia
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784355

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Overlap exists between the risk factors for coronary artery disease and venous thromboembolism (VTE). However, a paucity of data is available on the incidence of major acute cardiovascular events (MACE) and major adverse limb events (MALE) among patients presenting with VTE. Moreover, it is unknown whether the rate of cardiovascular outcomes differs among patients with unprovoked vs provoked VTE. METHODS: We analyzed the data from 2009 to 2017 in the Registro Informatizado de Enfermedad Tromboembólica registry, an ongoing, multicenter, international registry of consecutive patients with a diagnosis of objectively confirmed VTE. The query was restricted it to patients with data entry for the arterial outcomes. The baseline prevalence of coronary artery disease risk factors was compared between patients with provoked (ie, immobility, cancer, surgery, travel >6 hours, hormonal causes) and unprovoked VTE. After the initial VTE event, we followed up patients for the composite primary outcome of incident MACE (ie, stroke, myocardial infarction, unstable angina) and/or MALE (ie, major limb events). We used the χ2 test for baseline associations and a Cox proportional hazard for multivariate analysis. We used IBM SPSS, version 24 (IBM Corp, Armonk, NY) for statistical analysis. A P value of <.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: We analyzed the data from 41,259 patients with VTE, of whom 22,633 (55.6%) had experienced a provoked VTE. During follow-up, the patients with provoked VTE were more likely to develop MACE or MALE than were patients with unprovoked VTE (hazard ratio [HR], 1.3; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.1-1.5). The association of arterial events with recent immobility (HR, 1.4; 95% CI, 1.5-12.1) and cancer (HR, 1.7; 95% CI, 1.4-1.9) was strong. After adjusting for multiple conventional cardiovascular risk factors, provoked VTE, compared with unprovoked VTE, was significantly associated with an increased hazard for MACE (HR, 1.4; 95% CI, 1.1-1.7). Cancer remained a significant adjusted predictor for both MACE (HR, 1.7; 95% CI, 1.4-2.1) and MALE (HR, 2.1; 95% CI 1.01-4.6) in those with provoked VTE. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with VTE, provoked cases, specifically those with cancer-associated VTE, have an increased risk of major arterial events.

9.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 20064, 2019 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31882805

RESUMO

In young patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE), the predictive value of currently available prognostic tools has not been evaluated. Our objective was to compare prognostic value of 7 available tools (GPS, PESI, sPESI, Prognostic Algorithm, PREP, shock index and RIETE) in patients aged <50 years. We used the RIETE database, including PE patients from 2001 to 2017. The major outcome was 30-day all-cause mortality. Of 34,651 patients with acute PE, 5,822 (17%) were aged <50 years. Of these, 83 (1.4%) died during the first 30 days. Number of patients deemed low risk with tools was: PREP (95.9%), GPS (89.6%), PESI (87.2%), Shock index (70.9%), sPESI (59.4%), Prognostic algorithm (58%) and RIETE score (48.6%). The tools with a highest sensitivity were: Prognostic Algorithm (91.6%; 95% CI: 85.6-97.5), RIETE score (90.4%; 95%CI: 84.0-96.7) and sPESI (88%; 95% CI: 81-95). The RIETE, Prognostic Algorithm and sPESI scores obtained the highest overall sensitivity estimates for also predicting 7- and 90-day all-cause mortality, 30-day PE-related mortality, 30-day major bleeding and 30-day VTE recurrences. The proportion of low-risk patients who died within the first 30 days was lowest using the Prognostic Algorithm (0.2%), RIETE (0.3%) or sPESI (0.3%) scores. In PE patients less 50 years, 30-day mortality was low. Although sPESI, RIETE and Prognostic Algorithm scores were the most sensitive tools to identify patients at low risk to die, other tools should be evaluated in this population to obtain more efficient results.

10.
Intern Emerg Med ; 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31776841

RESUMO

In the original publication, part of the conflict of statement was incorrectly published as "Dr. Bikdeli reports that he was approached by lawyers on behalf of plaintiffs in litigation related to IVC filters". The correct statement should read as "Dr. Bikdeli reports that he is a consulting expert (on behalf of the plaintiff) for litigation related to a specific type of IVC filters".

11.
Int J Cardiol ; 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761399

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal cutoff for systolic blood pressure (SBP) level to define high-risk pulmonary embolism (PE) remains to be defined. METHODS: To evaluate the relationship between SBP levels on admission and mortality in patients with acute symptomatic PE, the current study included 39,257 consecutive patients with acute symptomatic PE from the RIETE registry between 2001 and 2018. Primary outcomes included all-cause and PE-specific 30-day mortality. Secondary outcomes included major bleeding and recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE). RESULTS: There was a linear inverse relationship between admission SBP and 30-day all-cause and PE-related mortality that persisted after multivariable adjustment. Patients in the lower SBP strata had higher rates of all-cause death (reference: SBP 110-129 mmHg) (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 2.9; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.0-4.2 for SBP <70 mmHg; and OR 1.7; 95% CI, 1.4-2.1 for SBP 70-89 mmHg). The findings for 30-day PE-related mortality were similar (adjusted OR 4.4; 95% CI, 2.7-7.2 for SBP <70 mmHg; and OR 2.6; 95% CI, 1.9-3.4 for SBP 70-89 mmHg). Patients in the higher strata of SBP had significantly lower rates of 30-day all-cause mortality compared with the same reference group (adjusted OR 0.7; 95% CI, 0.5-0.9 for SBP 170-190 mmHg; and OR 0.6; 95% CI, 0.4-0.9 for SBP >190 mmHg). Consistent findings were also observed for 30-day PE-related death. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with acute symptomatic PE, a low SBP portends an increased risk of all-cause and PE-related mortality. The highest mortality was observed in patients with SBP <70 mmHg.

12.
Semin Thromb Hemost ; 45(8): 793-801, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31614388

RESUMO

Patients with cirrhosis are not only at an increased risk of bleeding but also at risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). We sought to determine the clinical characteristics, management, and outcomes after VTE in patients with cirrhosis. We used the data from RIETE (Registro Informatizado de la Enfermedad TromboEmbolica), an international registry of patients with VTE, to compare the outcomes in patients with and without cirrhosis. Main outcomes included all-cause mortality, pulmonary embolism (PE)-related mortality, recurrent VTE, and bleeding. Among 43,611 patients with acute VTE, 187 (0.4%) had cirrhosis. Of these, 184 (98.4%) received anticoagulation for a median of 109 days (interquartile range [IQR]: 43-201 days), most commonly with enoxaparin (median dose: 1.77 [IQR: 1.38-2.00] mg/kg/day). Compared with patients without cirrhosis, those with cirrhosis had a higher rate of all-cause mortality (10.7 vs. 3.4%; odds ratio [OR]: 3.41; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.03-5.46) and fatal bleeding (2.1 vs. 0.2%; OR: 13.94; 95% CI: 3.65-37.90) but similar rates of fatal PE (0.5 vs. 0.5%; OR: 1.17; 95% CI: 0.03-6.70). Patients with cirrhosis had a higher rate of all-cause mortality per 100 patient-years of follow-up (58.9 vs. 16.0; hazard ratio [HR]: 3.70; 95% CI: 2.69-4.91). One-year hazard ratio of clinically relevant bleeding (HR: 2.86; 95% CI: 1.91-4.27), fatal bleeding (HR: 8.51; 95% CI: 3.5-20.7), or recurrent VTE (HR: 2.08; 95% CI: 1.00-4.36) was higher in patients with cirrhosis. Cirrhosis is a challenging comorbidity in patients with VTE. Most patients were treated with anticoagulation and had an elevated risk of recurrence, similar risk of fatal PE, and a very high risk of bleeding including fatal bleeds.

14.
Thromb Res ; 181 Suppl 1: S6-S9, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477230

RESUMO

Reliable information on what patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) are at increased risk to die of pulmonary embolism (PE) or bleeding (and the time course of the two fatal events) could likely help to better use anticoagulant therapy by improving selection of patients in whom its benefit will likely outweigh the risk. Unfortunately, there is scarce information in the literature on the incidence and time-course of fatal PE and fatal bleeding in real life clinical practice. This review article provides an overview of the most important published data on this topic using the RIETE (Registro Informatizado de Enfermedad Trombo Embólica) registry.

15.
Lancet Oncol ; 20(10): e566-e581, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492632

RESUMO

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is the second leading cause of death in patients with cancer. These patients are at a high risk of VTE recurrence and bleeding during anticoagulant therapy. The International Initiative on Thrombosis and Cancer is an independent academic working group aimed at establishing a global consensus for the treatment and prophylaxis of VTE in patients with cancer. The International Initiative on Thrombosis and Cancer last updated its evidence-based clinical practice guidelines in 2016 with a free, web-based mobile phone application, which was subsequently endorsed by the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis. The 2019 International Initiative on Thrombosis and Cancer clinical practice guidelines, which are based on a systematic review of the literature published up to December, 2018, are presented along with a Grading of Recommendations Assessment Development and Evaluation scale methods, with the support of the French National Cancer Institute. These guidelines were reviewed by an expanded international advisory committee and endorsed by the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis. Results from head-to-head clinical trials that compared direct oral anticoagulant with low-molecular-weight heparin are also summarised, along with new evidence for the treatment and prophylaxis of VTE in patients with cancer.

17.
Thromb Haemost ; 19(10): 1686-1694, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31430799

RESUMO

Although prophylaxis for venous thromboembolism (VTE) is recommended after many surgeries, evidence base for use of VTE prophylaxis after foot or ankle surgery has been elusive, leading into varying guidelines recommendations and notable practice variations. We conducted a systematic review of the literature to determine if use of VTE prophylaxis decreased the frequency of subsequent VTE, including deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE), compared with control. We searched PubMed, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and ClinicalTrials.gov through May 2018, for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or prospective controlled observational studies of VTE prophylaxis in patients undergoing foot and ankle surgery. Our search retrieved 263 studies, of which 6 were finally included comprising 1,600 patients. Patients receiving VTE prophylaxis had lower risk for subsequent DVT (risk ratio [RR]: 0.72; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.55-0.94) and subsequent VTE (RR: 0.72; 95% CI: 0.55-0.94). There was only one case of nonfatal PE, no cases of fatal PE, and no change in all-cause mortality (RR: 3.51; 95% CI: 0.14-84.84). There was no significant difference in the risk for bleeding (RR: 2.12; 95% CI: 0.53-8.56). Very few RCTs exist regarding the efficacy and safety of VTE prophylaxis in foot and ankle surgery. Prophylaxis appears to reduce the risk of subsequent VTE, but the event rates are low and symptomatic events are rare. Future studies should determine the subgroups of patients undergoing foot or ankle surgery in whom prophylaxis may be most useful.

18.
Eur J Intern Med ; 68: 30-35, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31427187

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The clinical outcomes during the course of anticoagulation in patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) using statins remain controversial. METHODS: We used the RIETE (Registro Informatizado Enfermedad TromboEmbólica) registry to compare the risk for VTE recurrences, major bleeding or death during anticoagulation, according to the use of statins at baseline. We used propensity score-matching (PSM) to adjust for confounding variables. RESULTS: From February 2009 to January 2018, 32,062 VTE patients were included. Of these, 7,085 (22%) were using statins. Statin users were 10 years older (73±11 vs. 63±19 years, respectively) and more likely to have comorbidities or to be using antiplatelets or corticosteroids at baseline than non-users. During the course of anticoagulation (median, 177 days), 694 patients developed VTE recurrences, 848 bled and 3,169 died (fatal pulmonary embolism 176, fatal bleeding 121). Statin users had a similar rate of VTE recurrences (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.98; 95%CI: 0.82-1.17), a higher rate of major bleeding (HR: 1.29; 95%CI: 1.11-1.50) and a similar mortality rate (HR: 1.01; 95%CI: 0.93-1.10) than non-users. On PSM analysis, statin users had a significantly lower risk for death (HR: 0.62; 95%CI: 0.48-0.79) and a similar risk for VTE recurrences (HR: 0.98; 95%CI: 0.61-1.57) or major bleeding (HR: 0.85; 95%CI: 0.59-1.21) than non-users. CONCLUSIONS: During anticoagulation for VTE, patients using statins at baseline had a lower risk to die than non-users.

19.
Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis ; 30(7): 364-365, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464688

RESUMO

: Vitamin K antagonists (VKA) remain the treatment of choice for catastrophic antiphosphilipid syndrome (CAPS). However, when VKAs do not work for a specific patient, direct oral anticoagulants (DOAC) may be a valid therapeutic alternative. We present a patient with a psychiatric disorder and CAPS who was noncompliant to VKA and low-molecular-weight heparin. He was started on dabigatran and has remained thrombosis-free for 8 years. Due to CAPS he has developed progressive renal failure but dabigatran levels were within the expected range. In conclusion, this case report provides anecdotic evidence that dabigatran may be of use in patients with high-risk APS in whom VKA are not an option.

20.
Haematologica ; 2019 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31273089

RESUMO

In patients with cancer-associated venous thromboembolism, knowledge on the estimated rate of recurrent events is important for clinical decision regarding anticoagulant therapy. The Ottawa score is a clinical prediction rule designed for this purpose, stratifying patients according to their risk of recurrent venous thromboembolism during the first 6 months of anticoagulation. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies validating either the Ottawa score in its original or modified version. Two investigators independently reviewed the relevant articles published from 06/01/2012 to 12/15/2018 and indexed in MEDLINE and EMBASE. Nine eligible studies were identified including 14,963 patients. The original score classified 49.3% of the patients as high-risk, with a sensitivity of 0.7 (95% confidence interval 0.6-0.8), a 6-month pooled rate of recurrent venous thromboembolism of 18.6% (95% confidence interval 13.9-23.9). In the low-risk group, recurrence rate was 7.3% (95% confidence interval 3.4-12.5). The modified score classified 19.8% of the patients at low-risk, with a sensitivity of 0.9 (95% confidence interval 0.4-1.0) and a 6-month pooled rate of recurrent venous thromboembolism of 2.2% (95% confidence interval 1.6-2.9). In the high-risk group, recurrence rate was 10.1% (95% confidence interval 6.4-14.6). Limitations of our analysis included type and dosing of anticoagulant therapy. We conclude that new therapeutic strategies are needed in patients at high-risk for recurrent cancer-associated venous thromboembolism. Low-risk patients, as per the modified score, could be good candidates to oral anticoagulation (PROSPERO CRD42018099506).

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