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1.
Neurol Res ; 41(5): 385-398, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30821663

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: JM-20, a novel hybrid synthetic molecule, has been reported to have antioxidant, mitoprotective, anti-excitotoxic, anti-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory properties. However, the neuroprotective effect of JM-20 against memory impairment in preclinical AD-like models has not been analyzed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential neuroprotection of JM-20 that preserves essential memory process from cholinergic dysfunction and other molecular damages. METHODS: The effects of JM-20 on scopolamine (1 mg/kg)-induced cognitive disorders were studied. Male Wistar rats (220-230 g) were treated with JM-20 and/or scopolamine, and behavioral tasks were performed. The AChE activity, superoxide dismutase activity, catalase activity, MDA and T-SH level on brain tissue were determined by spectrophotometric methods. Mitochondrial functionality parameters were measured after behavioral tests. Histological analyses on hippocampus and prefrontal cortex were processed with hematoxylin and eosin, and neuronal and axonal damage were determined. RESULTS: The behavioral, biochemical and histopathological studies revealed that oral pre-treatment with JM-20 (8 mg/kg) significantly attenuated the scopolamine-induced memory deficits, mitochondrial malfunction, oxidative stress, and prevented AChE hyperactivity probably due to specific inhibition of AChE enzyme. It was also observed marked histological protection on hippocampal and prefrontal-cortex regions. CONCLUSIONS: The multimodal action of this molecule could mediate the memory protection here observed and suggest that it may modulate different pathological aspects of memory deficits associated with AD in humans.


Assuntos
Benzodiazepinas/farmacologia , Inibidores da Colinesterase/farmacologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/tratamento farmacológico , Memória/efeitos dos fármacos , Niacina/análogos & derivados , Nootrópicos/farmacologia , Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Encéfalo/patologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/metabolismo , Disfunção Cognitiva/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/fisiologia , Masculino , Memória/fisiologia , Transtornos da Memória/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos da Memória/metabolismo , Transtornos da Memória/patologia , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Niacina/farmacologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos Wistar , Escopolamina
2.
Neurosci Lett ; 690: 29-35, 2019 01 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30304707

RESUMO

Oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction are two pathophysiological factors often associated with the neurodegenerative process involved in Parkinson's disease (PD). The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a novel hybrid molecule, named JM-20, in different in vitro and in vivo models of PD induced by rotenone. To perform in vitro studies, SHSY-5Y cells were exposed to rotenone and/or treated with JM-20. To perform in vivo studies male Wistar rats were intoxicated with rotenone (2.5 mg/kg) via intraperitoneal injection and/or treated with JM-20 (40 mg/kg) administered via oral (for 25 days, both treatment). Rats were evaluated for global motor activity by measurement of locomotor activity. In addition, the effects on mortality, general behavior and redox parameters were also investigated. JM-20 protected SHSY-5Y cells against rotenone-induced cytotoxicity, evidenced by a significant diminution of cell death. In in vivo studies, JM-20 prevented rotenone-induced vertical exploration and locomotion frequency reductions, moreover prevented body weight loss and mortality induced by rotenone. It also improved the redox state of rotenone-exposured animals by increasing superoxide dismutase and catalase activities, total tissue-SH levels and decreasing malondialdehyde concentrations. Finally, JM-20 inhibited spontaneous mitochondrial swelling and membrane potential dissipation in isolated rats brain mitochondria. These results demonstrate that JM-20 is a potential neuroprotective agent against rotenone-induced damage in both in vitro and in vivo models, resulting in reduced neuronal oxidative injury and protection of mitochondria from impairment.


Assuntos
Benzodiazepinas/farmacologia , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Síndromes Neurotóxicas/prevenção & controle , Niacina/análogos & derivados , Rotenona/toxicidade , Animais , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Catalase/metabolismo , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Masculino , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Atividade Motora/efeitos dos fármacos , Niacina/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
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