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1.
Braz Dent J ; 31(1): 57-62, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32159707

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) and cigarette smoke on alveolar socket osteoclastogenesis signaling after tooth extraction, in rats. Sixty male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to four groups with 15 animals each: Control Group (with right maxillary molar extraction - ME), Experimental I (with ME and LLLT), Experimental II (with ME and cigarette smoke) and Experimental III group (with ME, LLLT and cigarette smoke). Euthanasia was performed at 3, 7 and 14 days postoperative. qRT-PCR was used to evaluate expression of Tnfrsf11a (RANK), Tnfsf11 (Rankl) and Tnfrsf11b (OPG). Data were submitted to statistical analysis using two-way ANOVA followed by Bonferroni test (α=0.05). There was an upregulation of RANK, RANKL and OPG genes over all the time of healing in Exp I group compared to control group. Exp II group showed a decreased expression of all genes over time, whereas Exp III genes expression were higher than Exp II values but lower than Control and Exp I values over time. The results of this study concluded that the LLLT had a positive effect, whereas cigarette smoke had a negative effect on RANK, RANKL and OPG gene expression in bone remodeling process.


Assuntos
Fumar Cigarros , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Extração Dentária , Cicatrização
2.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(1): 57-62, Jan.-Feb. 2020. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1089270

RESUMO

Abstract The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) and cigarette smoke on alveolar socket osteoclastogenesis signaling after tooth extraction, in rats. Sixty male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to four groups with 15 animals each: Control Group (with right maxillary molar extraction - ME), Experimental I (with ME and LLLT), Experimental II (with ME and cigarette smoke) and Experimental III group (with ME, LLLT and cigarette smoke). Euthanasia was performed at 3, 7 and 14 days postoperative. qRT-PCR was used to evaluate expression of Tnfrsf11a (RANK), Tnfsf11 (Rankl) and Tnfrsf11b (OPG). Data were submitted to statistical analysis using two-way ANOVA followed by Bonferroni test (α=0.05). There was an upregulation of RANK, RANKL and OPG genes over all the time of healing in Exp I group compared to control group. Exp II group showed a decreased expression of all genes over time, whereas Exp III genes expression were higher than Exp II values but lower than Control and Exp I values over time. The results of this study concluded that the LLLT had a positive effect, whereas cigarette smoke had a negative effect on RANK, RANKL and OPG gene expression in bone remodeling process.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar os efeitos da terapia a laser de baixo nível (LLLT) e a fumaça de cigarro na sinalização da osteoclastogênese do alvéolo após extração dentária, em ratos. Sessenta ratos Wistar machos foram distribuídos aleatoriamente em quatro grupos com 15 animais cada: Grupo de controle (com extração do molar superior direito (EM), Experimental I (EM e LLLT), Experimental II (EM e fumaça de cigarro) e Grupo Experimental III (EM, LLLT e fumaça de cigarro). A eutanásia foi realizada aos 3, 7 e 14 dias após a extração. O qRT-PCR foi utilizado para avaliar a expressão de Tnfrsf11a (RANK), Tnfsf11 (RANKL) e Tnfrsf11b (OPG). Os dados foram submetidos à análise estatística usando two-way ANOVA seguido do teste de Bonferroni (α=0,05). Houve um aumento na expressão dos genes RANK, RANKL e OPG ao longo do tempo de cicatrização no grupo Exp I em comparação com o grupo controle. O grupo Exp II mostrou uma expressão diminuída de todos os genes ao longo do tempo, enquanto a expressão dos genes do grupo Exp III foi superior aos valores observados em Exp II, mas inferiores aos valores do grupo Controle e Exp I ao longo do tempo. Os resultados deste estudo concluíram que o LLLT tem um efeito positivo, enquanto a fumaça de cigarro possui efeito prejudicial na expressão gênica de RANK, RANKL e OPG no processo de remodelação óssea.

3.
Braz. dent. j ; 28(3): 296-300, May-June 2017. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-888648

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate osteoclastogenesis signaling in midpalatal suture after rapid maxillary expansion (RME) in rats. Thirty male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to two groups with 15 animals each: control (C) and RME group. RME was performed by inserting a 1.5-mm-thick circular metal ring between the maxillary incisors. The animals were euthanized at 3, 7 and 10 days after RME. qRT-PCR was used to evaluate expression of Tnfsf11 (RANKL), Tnfrsf11a (RANK) and Tnfrsf11b (OPG). Data were submitted to statistical analysis using two-way ANOVA followed by Tukey test (a=0.05). There was an upregulation of RANK and RANKL genes at 7 and 10 days and an upregulation of the OPG gene at 3 and 7 days of healing. Interestingly, an increased in expression of all genes was observed over time in both RME and C groups. The RANKL/OPG ratio showed an increased signaling favoring bone resorption on RME compared to C at 3 and 7 days. Signaling against bone resorption was observed, as well as an upregulation of OPG gene expression in RME group, compared to C group at 10 days. The results of this study concluded that the RANK, RANK-L and OPG system participates in bone remodeling after RME.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a sinalização osteoclastogenese na sutura palatina após a expansão rápida da maxila (ERM) em ratos. Um total de 30 ratos Wistar machos foram divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos com 15 animais cada: controle (C) e grupo ERM. ERM foi realizada através da inserção de um anel de metal circular de 1,5 mm de espessura entre os incisivos superiores. Os animais foram sacrificados aos 3, 7 e 10 dias após a RME. qRT-PCR foi utilizado para avaliar a expressão de Tnfsf11 (RANKL), Tnfrsf11a (RANK) e TNFRSF11b (OPG). Os dados foram submetidos à análise de variância de duas vias, seguido pelo teste de Tukey (a=0,05). Houve uma regulação positiva de genes RANK e RANKL aos 7 e 10 dias e uma regulação positiva do gene OPG aos 3 e 7 dias de tratamento. Curiosamente, foi observado um aumento na expressão de todos os genes ao longo do tempo nos grupos ERM e C. O RANKL/OPG mostrou um aumento na sinalização favorecendo a reabsorção óssea no ERM em comparação com o C nos períodos de 3 e 7 dias. Foi observada uma sinalização contra a reabsorção óssea, assim como, uma regulação favorável da expressão do gene OPG no grupo ERM, comparado ao grupo C aos 10 dias. Os resultados deste estudo permitem concluir que o sistema RANK, RANK-L e OPG participa de remodelação óssea após a ERM.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Maxila/cirurgia , Osteogênese , Osteoprotegerina/genética , Técnica de Expansão Palatina/instrumentação , Ligante RANK/genética , Receptor Ativador de Fator Nuclear kappa-B/genética , Remodelação Óssea , Expressão Gênica , Maxila/metabolismo , Ratos Wistar , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Transdução de Sinais , Regulação para Cima , Cicatrização
4.
Braz Dent J ; 28(3): 296-300, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29297549

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate osteoclastogenesis signaling in midpalatal suture after rapid maxillary expansion (RME) in rats. Thirty male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to two groups with 15 animals each: control (C) and RME group. RME was performed by inserting a 1.5-mm-thick circular metal ring between the maxillary incisors. The animals were euthanized at 3, 7 and 10 days after RME. qRT-PCR was used to evaluate expression of Tnfsf11 (RANKL), Tnfrsf11a (RANK) and Tnfrsf11b (OPG). Data were submitted to statistical analysis using two-way ANOVA followed by Tukey test (a=0.05). There was an upregulation of RANK and RANKL genes at 7 and 10 days and an upregulation of the OPG gene at 3 and 7 days of healing. Interestingly, an increased in expression of all genes was observed over time in both RME and C groups. The RANKL/OPG ratio showed an increased signaling favoring bone resorption on RME compared to C at 3 and 7 days. Signaling against bone resorption was observed, as well as an upregulation of OPG gene expression in RME group, compared to C group at 10 days. The results of this study concluded that the RANK, RANK-L and OPG system participates in bone remodeling after RME.


Assuntos
Maxila/cirurgia , Osteogênese , Osteoprotegerina/genética , Técnica de Expansão Palatina/instrumentação , Ligante RANK/genética , Receptor Ativador de Fator Nuclear kappa-B/genética , Animais , Remodelação Óssea , Expressão Gênica , Masculino , Maxila/metabolismo , Ratos Wistar , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Transdução de Sinais , Regulação para Cima , Cicatrização
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