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5.
Aten Primaria ; 36(5): 261-8, 2005 Sep 30.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16194494

RESUMO

AIMS: To evaluate the screening, the effectiveness of an antialcoholic brief intervention for risk drinkers, the acceptation level to participate in this study, and the analytical parameters evolution associated to the alcohol consumption after of the intervention. DESIGN: Longitudinal prospective intervention study of 1 year of duration. SETTING: 5 urban primary care physician's practices. PARTICIPANTS: Of an aleatory pattern of 681 patients, men and women of 18-65 years old, were selected 78 risk drinkers. Patients with exclusion criteria (n=10), didn't wanted to participate (n=24) and had suspicion of alcoholic dependence syndrome (ADS) (n=11), didn't participated in this intervention. INTERVENTIONS: Were offered antialcoholic brief counselling with written supporter and were followed with alcohol consumption rate and analytical control at 2 and 12 months. MAIN MEASURES: Was estimated the prevalence of risk drinkers, the acceptation level to participate in this study, alcohol consumption and risk drinkers decreased at 2 and 12 months, analytical parameters evolution after of the intervention. RESULTS: Prevalence of risk drinkers: 11.5% (95% confidence interval [CI], 8.3%-14.7%). Acceptation level to participate in this study: 64.7%. Significative alcohol consumption decreased at 2 and 12 months (P<.05). Risk drinkers decreased: at 2 months were 57.6% (95% CI, 50.3%-64.9%; P=.01) and at 12 months were 42.4% (95% CI; 35.9%-48.9%) (P=.003). GGT, MCV, cholesterol, and triglycerides significative decreased. CONCLUSIONS: Low prevalence of risk drinkers without suspicion of ADS in our setting; high effectiveness of antialcoholic brief counselling and high acceptation level to participate in this study; reduction of the GGT, MCV, cholesterol, and triglycerides after of the intervention.


Assuntos
Alcoolismo/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Alcoolismo/epidemiologia , Aconselhamento , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Prevalência , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Estudos Prospectivos , Assunção de Riscos , Espanha/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo
6.
Aten. prim. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 36(5): 261-268, sept. 2005. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-042003

RESUMO

Objetivos. Evaluar el cribado y la efectividad de una intervención breve antialcohólica, el grado de aceptación y la evolución de los parámetros biológicos asociados con el consumo de alcohol tras la intervención. Diseño. Estudio prospectivo longitudinal de intervención de 1 año de duración. Emplazamiento. Cinco consultas de atención primaria urbanas. Participantes. De una muestra aleatoria de 681 sujetos de ambos sexos y de edad de 18-65 años, se seleccionó a 78 bebedores de riesgo. Los que cumplían criterios de exclusión (n = 10), no aceptaban participar (n = 24) y presentaban sospecha de síndrome de dependencia alcohólica (n = 11) no participaron en el estudio. Intervenciones. Se ofrecía un breve consejo antialcohólico apoyado con soporte escrito, y se realizaba un seguimiento a los 2 y 12 meses mediante la cuantificación del consumo de alcohol y un control analítico. Mediciones principales. Se estimó la prevalencia de bebedores de riesgo, el grado de aceptación a participar en el estudio, la disminución del consumo de alcohol y de bebedores de riesgo a los 2 y 12 meses, y la evolución de los parámetros analíticos tras la intervención. Resultados. La prevalencia de bebedores de riesgo fue del 11,5% (intervalo de confianza [IC] del 95%, 8,3-14,7%). El grado de aceptación a participar en el estudio fue del 64,7%. Se observó un decremento significativo (p < 0,05) en el consumo de alcohol a los 2 y 12 meses, así como una disminución de los bebedores de riesgo, que a los 2 meses fue del 57,6% (IC del 95%, 50,3-64,9%; p = 0,01) y a los 12 meses del 42,4% (IC del 95%, 35,9-48,9%; p = 0,003). Asimismo, se produjeron disminuciones significativas en las concentraciones de GGT, VCM, colesterol y triglicéridos. Conclusiones. Se observa una baja prevalencia de bebedores de riesgo sin sospecha de síndrome de dependencia alcohólica en nuestro medio, así como una elevada efectividad del consejo breve antialcohol y del grado de aceptación a participar en el estudio. Se apreció una disminución de las concentraciones de GGT, VCM, colesterol y triglicéridos tras la intervención


Aims. To evaluate the screening, the effectiveness of an antialcoholic brief intervention for risk drinkers, the acceptation level to participate in this study, and the analytical parameters evolution associated to the alcohol consumption after of the intervention. Design. Longitudinal prospective intervention study of 1 year of duration. Setting. 5 urban primary care physician's practices. Participants. Of an aleatory pattern of 681 patients, men and women of 18-65 years old, were selected 78 risk drinkers. Patients with exclusion criteria (n=10), didn't wanted to participate (n=24) and had suspicion of alcoholic dependence syndrome (ADS) (n=11), didn't participated in this intervention. Interventions. Were offered antialcoholic brief counselling with written supporter and were followed with alcohol consumption rate and analytical control at 2 and 12 months. Main measures. Was estimated the prevalence of risk drinkers, the acceptation level to participate in this study, alcohol consumption and risk drinkers decreased at 2 and 12 months, analytical parameters evolution after of the intervention. Results. Prevalence of risk drinkers: 11.5% (95% confidence interval [CI], 8.3%-14.7%). Acceptation level to participate in this study: 64.7%. Significative alcohol consumption decreased at 2 and 12 months (P<.05). Risk drinkers decreased: at 2 months were 57.6% (95% CI, 50.3%-64.9%; P=.01) and at 12 months were 42.4% (95% CI; 35.9%-48.9%) (P=.003). GGT, MCV, cholesterol, and triglycerides significative decreased. Conclusions. Low prevalence of risk drinkers without suspicion of ADS in our setting; high effectiveness of antialcoholic brief counselling and high acceptation level to participate in this study; reduction of the GGT, MCV, cholesterol, and triglycerides after of the intervention


Assuntos
Adulto , Idoso , Humanos , Alcoolismo/prevenção & controle , Alcoolismo/epidemiologia , Aconselhamento , Seguimentos , Estudos Longitudinais , Prevalência , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Estudos Prospectivos , Espanha/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Assunção de Riscos
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