Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 139
Filtrar
1.
Lancet Oncol ; 22(10): 1458-1467, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34543613

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The benefit of extending aromatase inhibitor therapy beyond 5 years in the context of previous aromatase inhibitors remains controversial. We aimed to compare extended therapy with letrozole for 5 years versus the standard duration of 2-3 years of letrozole in postmenopausal patients with breast cancer who have already received 2-3 years of tamoxifen. METHODS: This multicentre, open-label, randomised, phase 3 trial was done at 69 hospitals in Italy. Women were eligible if they were postmenopausal at the time of study entry, had stage I-III histologically proven and operable invasive hormone receptor-positive breast cancer, had received adjuvant tamoxifen therapy for at least 2 years but no longer than 3 years and 3 months, had no signs of disease recurrence, and had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 2 or lower. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive 2-3 years (control group) or 5 years (extended group) of letrozole (2·5 mg orally once a day). Randomisation, with stratification by centre, with permuted blocks of size 12, was done with a centralised, interactive, internet-based system that randomly generated the treatment allocation. Participants and investigators were not masked to treatment assignment. The primary endpoint was invasive disease-free survival in the intention-to-treat population. Safety analysis was done for patients who received at least 1 month of study treatment. This trial was registered with EudraCT, 2005-001212-44, and ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01064635. FINDINGS: Between Aug 1, 2005, and Oct 24, 2010, 2056 patients were enrolled and randomly assigned to receive letrozole for 2-3 years (n=1030; control group) or for 5 years (n=1026; extended group). After a median follow-up of 11·7 years (IQR 9·5-13·1), disease-free survival events occurred in 262 (25·4%) of 1030 patients in the control group and 212 (20·7%) of 1026 in the extended group. 12-year disease-free survival was 62% (95% CI 57-66) in the control group and 67% (62-71) in the extended group (hazard ratio 0·78, 95% CI 0·65-0·93; p=0·0064). The most common grade 3 and 4 adverse events were arthralgia (22 [2·2%] of 983 patients in the control group vs 29 [3·0%] of 977 in the extended group) and myalgia (seven [0·7%] vs nine [0·9%]). There were three (0·3%) serious treatment-related adverse events in the control group and eight (0·8%) in the extended group. No deaths related to toxic effects were observed. INTERPRETATION: In postmenopausal patients with breast cancer who received 2-3 years of tamoxifen, extended treatment with 5 years of letrozole resulted in a significant improvement in disease-free survival compared with the standard 2-3 years of letrozole. Sequential endocrine therapy with tamoxifen for 2-3 years followed by letrozole for 5 years should be considered as one of the optimal standard endocrine treatments for postmenopausal patients with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer. FUNDING: Novartis and the Italian Ministry of Health. TRANSLATION: For the Italian translation of the abstract see Supplementary Materials section.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Aromatase/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Letrozol/administração & dosagem , Mastectomia , Pós-Menopausa , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Aromatase/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Letrozol/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Moduladores Seletivos de Receptor Estrogênico/administração & dosagem , Tamoxifeno/administração & dosagem , Fatores de Tempo
2.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 15: 2711-2720, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34188449

RESUMO

Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) positive cancers account for 15-20% of all breast tumors. Several drugs have been approved in the metastatic setting, including monoclonal antibodies, tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) and, more recently, antibody-drug conjugates. Neratinib is a pan-HER, irreversible TKI with potent preclinical activity against trastuzumab-resistant breast cancer models. Based on Phase I and II clinical trials, the combination of neratinib plus capecitabine was compared to lapatinib and capecitabine, an established regimen for trastuzumab-resistant disease, in the randomized, Phase III NALA trial. In this trial, neratinib yielded increased progression-free survival, response duration and a benefit in time to intervention for CNS progression. However, there was no overall survival benefit, no increase in overall response rate and no improvement in QoL. The most frequent adverse event in the neratinib arm was diarrhea, which was manageable with prophylactic treatment with loperamide. Conclusion: Neratinib is a valuable addition to the therapeutic armamentarium to treat metastatic, HER2-positive breast cancer. The current positioning of the combination of neratinib and capecitabine based on the results of the NALA trial needs to consider the rapidly evolving scenario due to the recent introduction of new drugs, like the pure-HER2 TKI tucatinib and the antibody drug-conjugate trastuzumab-deruxtecan.

3.
NPJ Breast Cancer ; 7(1): 82, 2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34183674

RESUMO

The GIM2 phase III trial demonstrated the benefit of dose-dense chemotherapy in node-positive early breast cancer (eBC). To better define the dose-dense effect in the hormone receptor-positive subgroup, we evaluated its benefit through a composite measure of recurrence risk. We conducted an ancillary analysis of the GIM2 trial evaluating the absolute treatment effect through a composite measure of recurrence risk (CPRS) in patients with hormone receptor-positive HER2-negative eBC. CPRS was estimated through Cox proportional hazards models applied to the different clinicopathological features. The treatment effect was compared to the values of CPRS by using the Sub-population Treatment Effect Pattern Plot (STEPP) process. The Disease-Free Survival (DFS)-oriented STEPP analysis showed distinct patterns of relative treatment effect with respect to CPRS. Overall, 5-year DFS differed across CPRS quartiles ranging from 95.2 to 66.4%. Each CPRS quartile was characterized by a different patients' composition, especially for age, lymph node involvement, tumor size, estrogen and progesterone receptor expression, and Ki-67. A number needed to treat of 154 and 6 was associated with the lowest and the highest CPRS quartile, respectively. Dose-dense adjuvant chemotherapy showed a consistent benefit in node-positive eBC patients with hormone receptor-positive HER2-negative disease, but its effect varied according to CPRS.

4.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 2498, 2021 05 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33941777

RESUMO

Cancers of unknown primary (CUPs), featuring metastatic dissemination in the absence of a primary tumor, are a biological enigma and a fatal disease. We propose that CUPs are a distinct, yet unrecognized, pathological entity originating from stem-like cells endowed with peculiar and shared properties. These cells can be isolated in vitro (agnospheres) and propagated in vivo by serial transplantation, displaying high tumorigenicity. After subcutaneous engraftment, agnospheres recapitulate the CUP phenotype, by spontaneously and quickly disseminating, and forming widespread established metastases. Regardless of different genetic backgrounds, agnospheres invariably display cell-autonomous proliferation and self-renewal, mostly relying on unrestrained activation of the MAP kinase/MYC axis, which confers sensitivity to MEK inhibitors in vitro and in vivo. Such sensitivity is associated with a transcriptomic signature predicting that more than 70% of CUP patients could be eligible to MEK inhibition. These data shed light on CUP biology and unveil an opportunity for therapeutic intervention.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese/patologia , Metástase Neoplásica/patologia , Neoplasias Primárias Desconhecidas/patologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Esferoides Celulares/patologia , Animais , Carcinogênese/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Camundongos SCID , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Transplante de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Primárias Desconhecidas/genética , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
5.
Clin Cancer Res ; 27(12): 3443-3455, 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33785482

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The mTOR complex C1 (mTORC1) inhibitor everolimus in combination with the aromatase inhibitor exemestane is an effective treatment for patients with hormone receptor-positive (HR+), HER2-negative (HER2-), advanced breast cancer (HR+/HER2- aBC). However, everolimus can cause hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia, which could reactivate the PI3K/protein kinase B (AKT)/mTORC1 pathway and induce tumor resistance to everolimus. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We conducted a multicenter, retrospective, Italian study to investigate the impact of baseline and on-treatment (i.e., during first 3 months of therapy) blood glucose levels on progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with HR+/HER2- aBC treated with everolimus-exemestane. RESULTS: We evaluated 809 patients with HR+/HER2- aBC treated with everolimus-exemestane as any line of therapy for advanced disease. When evaluated as dichotomous variables, baseline and on-treatment glycemia were not significantly associated with PFS. However, when blood glucose concentration was evaluated as a continuous variable, a multivariable model accounting for clinically relevant patient- and tumor-related variables revealed that both baseline and on-treatment glycemia are associated with PFS, and this association is largely attributable to their interaction. In particular, patients who are normoglycemic at baseline and experience on-treatment diabetes have lower PFS compared with patients who are already hyperglycemic at baseline and experience diabetes during everolimus-exemestane therapy (median PFS, 6.34 vs. 10.32 months; HR, 1.76; 95% confidence interval, 1.15-2.69; P = 0.008). CONCLUSIONS: The impact of on-treatment glycemia on the efficacy of everolimus-exemestane therapy in patients with HR+/HER2- aBC depends on baseline glycemia. This study lays the foundations for investigating novel therapeutic approaches to target the glucose/insulin axis in combination with PI3K/AKT/mTORC1 inhibitors in patients with HR+/HER2- aBC.

6.
ESMO Open ; 5(5): e000937, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33122354

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Overexpression of miR-100 in stem cells derived from basal-like breast cancers causes loss of stemness, induction of luminal breast cancer markers and response to endocrine therapy. We, therefore, explored miR-100 as a novel biomarker in patients with luminal breast cancer. METHODS: miR-100 expression was studied in 90 patients with oestrogen-receptor-positive/human-epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative breast cancer enrolled in a prospective study of endocrine therapy given either preoperatively, or for the treatment of de novo metastatic disease. Response was defined as a Ki67 ≤2.7% after 21±3 days of treatment. The prognostic role of miR-100 expression was evaluated in the Molecular Taxonomy of Breast Cancer International Consortium (METABRIC) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) breast cancer datasets. Additionally, we explored the correlation between miR-100 and the expression its targets reported as being associated with endocrine resistance. Finally, we evaluated whether a signature based on miR-100 and its target genes could predict the luminal A molecular subtype. RESULTS: Baseline miR-100 was significantly anticorrelated with baseline and post-treatment Ki67 (p<0.001 and 0.004, respectively), and independently associated with response to treatment (OR 3.329, p=0.047). In the METABRIC dataset, high expression of miR-100 identified women with luminal A tumours treated with adjuvant endocrine therapy with improved overall survival (HR 0.55, p<0.001). miR-100 was negatively correlated with PLK1, FOXA1, mTOR and IGF1R expression, potentially explaining its prognostic effect. Finally, a miR-100-based signature developed in patients enrolled in the prospective study outperformed Ki67 alone in predicting the luminal A phenotype. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that miR-100 should be further explored as a biomarker in patients with luminal breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , MicroRNAs , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Feminino , Fator 3-alfa Nuclear de Hepatócito , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos
7.
ESMO Open ; 5(5): e000876, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051191

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anticancer drugs can interact with the tumour microenvironment and their effects could be exploited to favour anticancer immune response. Eribulin contributes to tumour vasculature remodelling and transforming growth factor ß (TGF-ß) modulation in experimental models and in humans. We performed a prospective, translational, exploratory analysis of the levels of circulating cytokines at different time points in patients with metastatic breast cancer treated with eribulin. METHODS: TGF-ß, tumour necrosis factor α, vascular endothelial growth factor, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-21 and C-C motif chemokine ligand-2 levels were assessed in peripheral blood samples obtained from seven healthy volunteers and 41 patients at baseline (T0), after four cycles of eribulin (T1) and at disease progression (TPD). Baseline values and longitudinal changes in cytokine levels were then related to clinical outcome. RESULTS: In the 41 patients, high IL-6 and IL-8 (above the median) at T0 significantly correlated with worse survival. At T1, IL-21 significantly decreased in patients with TPD within the fourth course of treatment, compared with patients without progression. TGF-ß and IL-8 above the median and IL-21 below the median at T1 significantly correlates with worse progression free survival (PFS). Patients exhibiting an increase of TGF-ß or a decline of IL-21 between T0 and T1 showed a significantly worse PFS. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that only plasma TGF-ß changes at T1 correlated with survival. At TPD, TGF-ß significantly increased in all patients. CONCLUSIONS: We observed a significant correlation between TGF-ß decline during eribulin treatment and outcome in patients with metastatic breast cancer. Altogether, our data suggest that eribulin treatment might interfere with the tumour microenvironment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Citocinas , Feminino , Furanos , Humanos , Cetonas , Estudos Prospectivos , Microambiente Tumoral , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular
8.
ESMO Open ; 5(4)2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32817059

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the prepertuzumab era, we evaluated the clinical outcomes of patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive metastatic breast cancer who underwent first-line trastuzumab-based or lapatinib-based therapy according to prior exposure to (neo)adjuvant trastuzumab. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this multicentre retrospective cohort study conducted in 14 Italian centres of the Gruppo Italiano Mammella, consecutive patients undergoing first-line trastuzumab or lapatinib-based therapy were included. Analyses were performed according to the type of first-line therapy for metastatic disease (trastuzumab or lapatinib). Dichotomous clinical outcomes were analysed using logistic regression and time-to-event outcomes using Cox proportional hazard models controlling for relevant demographic, clinicopathological and therapy characteristics. RESULTS: Out of 450 patients included in the study, 416 (92%) received trastuzumab and 34 (7.5%) lapatinib. As compared with the trastuzumab cohort, more patients in the lapatinib cohort had a trastuzumab-free interval <1 month (37% vs 13.9%; p=0.017) and brain metastasis as first site of relapse (38.2% vs 9.4%; p<0.001). Among the 128 patients who relapsed after prior (neo)adjuvant trastuzumab, 101 (78.9%) received first-line trastuzumab and 27 (21.1%) first-line lapatinib. The following outcomes were observed with first-line lapatinib or trastuzumab, respectively: overall response rate 45.5% vs 61.3% (p=0.184), clinical benefit rate 68.2% vs 72.5% (p=0.691), median progression-free survival (PFS) 11.4 vs 12.0 months (p=0.814) and median overall survival (OS) 34.7 vs 48.2 months (p=0.722). In patients with brain metastasis as first site of relapse, median PFS was 12.2 vs 9.9 months (p=0.093) and median OS 33.7 vs 28.5 months (p=0.280), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with HER2-positive breast cancer relapsing after prior (neo)adjuvant trastuzumab, first-line treatment with trastuzumab or lapatinib was not associated with a significant difference in the clinical outcomes. A non-significant trend favouring the use of lapatinib was observed in patients with brain metastasis as the first site of relapse.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama , Adulto , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Lapatinib , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Quinazolinas , Receptor ErbB-2 , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trastuzumab , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Breast ; 53: 181-188, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32841804

RESUMO

AIM: To analyse the role of repeated breast surgery (RBS) after breast conserving surgery (BCS) as a quality indicator in a consecutive series of breast cancer patients. METHODS: Data from 1233 breast cancer patients submitted to BCS from 2015 to 2019 were reviewed. The influence of several variables on RBS rate (182/1232; 14.8%) was examined. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to look for significant associations with the risk of RBS. RESULTS: Surgical workload, BCS rate and clinicopathological variables were consistent over the study period, while RBS rate decreased after the introduction of shaving of cavity margins (from 17.9% to 9.5%). Tumor persistence at RBS was higher for mastectomy vs. re-excision (87.3% vs. 37.8%; p = 0.05), inconclusive vs. positive diagnostic biopsy (48.2% vs. 69.4%; p = 0.003), ductal carcinoma in situ vs. invasive carcinoma (69.0% vs. 51.3%; p = 0.046) and lower after neoadjuvant therapy (14.3% vs. 57.8%; p = 0.044). Several clinicopathological variables were associated with the risk of RBS, but only multifocality [Odds Ratio (OR): 1.8; p = 0.009], microcalcifications (OR: 2.0, p = 0.000), neoadjuvant therapy (OR: 0.4; p = 0.014), pathological intraoperative assessment (OR: 0.6; p = 0.010) and shaving of cavity margins (OR: 0.3; p = 0.000) retained independent value at multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: RBS rate can be reduced by shaving of cavity margins. Current standards for RBS should not be made more stringent due to the existence of non-actionable risk factors. The value of RBS as a quality indicator should be scrutinzed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Mastectomia Segmentar/estatística & dados numéricos , Garantia da Qualidade dos Cuidados de Saúde/métodos , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Mama/cirurgia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Margens de Excisão , Mastectomia Segmentar/normas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Razão de Chances , Estudos Prospectivos , Reoperação/normas , Fatores de Risco , Cirurgiões/estatística & dados numéricos , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
10.
Eur J Cancer ; 136: 43-51, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32634760

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Luminal A-like and luminal B-like subtypes have different sensitivity to (neo)adjuvant chemotherapy, but their role in predicting dose-dense (DD) efficacy in the high-risk setting is unknown. In this exploratory analysis of the Gruppo Italiano Mammella 2 (GIM2) trial, we investigated DD efficacy according to luminal-like subtypes. METHODS: Patients with node-positive early breast cancer were randomised to receive either DD or standard-interval (SI) anthracycline-based chemotherapy followed by paclitaxel. In our analysis, luminal A-like cohort was identified as having a Ki67 < 20% and a progesterone receptor (PgR) ≥ 20%; luminal B-like cohort as having a Ki67 ≥ 20% and/or a PgR < 20%. RESULTS: Out of 2003 patients enrolled in the GIM2 trial, 412 had luminal A-like and 638 luminal B-like breast cancer. After a median follow-up of 7.9 years, disease-free survival (DFS) was 80.8% (95% confidence interval [CI] 76.4-84.5) and 70.5% (66.5-74.2) in luminal A-like and luminal B-like cohorts; overall survival (OS) was 91.6% (88.2-94.1) and 85.1% (81.7-87.9), respectively. We found no significant interaction between treatment and luminal subtype (interaction p = 0.603 and 0.535 for DFS and OS, respectively). When DD efficacy was investigated separately in each cohort, luminal-B like cohort appeared to benefit more from the DD schedule both in terms of DFS (unadjusted hazard ratio [HR] 0.72 [95% CI 0.54-0.96]) and OS (unadjusted HR 0.61 [95% CI 0.40-0.94]), compared with the luminal A-like cohort (unadjusted HR for DFS 0.89 [95% CI 0.59-1.33]; unadjusted HR for OS 0.83 [95% CI 0.45-1.54]). CONCLUSIONS: No significant interaction between luminal-like subtype and treatment was observed. Patients in the luminal B-like cohort seemed to benefit more from DD schedule.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Estudos de Coortes , Progressão da Doença , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Fenótipo , Prognóstico , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo , Análise de Sobrevida
11.
Oncotarget ; 11(23): 2172-2181, 2020 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32577163

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Reliable biomarkers of response to mTOR inhibition are yet to be identified. As mTOR is heavily implicated in cell-metabolism, we investigated the relation between BMI variation and outcomes in metastatic breast cancer (mBC) patients treated with everolimus. RESULTS: we found a linear correlation between everolimus exposure duration and BMI/weight decrease. Patients exhibiting >2 kg weight loss or >3% BMI decrease from baseline at the end of treatment (EOT) had a statistically significant improvement in PFS. Interestingly, a similar BMI/weight decrease within the first 8 weeks of therapy identified patients at higher risk of progression. PATIENTS AND METHODS: we performed a retrospective analysis of patients enrolled in the BALLET trial who progressed during the study. Primary end-point was progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary end-point was the identification of other predictors of response. CONCLUSION: A >3% weight loss at EOT is associated with better outcome in mBC patients treated with everolimus. On the contrary, a significant early weight loss represents a predictor of poor survival and could therefore be used as an early negative prognostic marker. As PI3K-inhibition also converges onto mTOR, these findings might extend to patients treated with selective PI3K inhibitors and warrant further investigation.

12.
EMBO Mol Med ; 12(7): e11756, 2020 07 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32511869

RESUMO

Cancer of unknown primary (CUP) is an obscure disease characterized by multiple metastases in the absence of a primary tumor. No consensus has been reached whether CUPs are simply generated from cancers that cannot be detected or whether they are the manifestation of a still unknown nosological entity. Here, we report the complete expression and genetic analysis of multiple synchronous metastases harvested at warm autopsy of a patient with CUP. The expression profiles were remarkably similar and astonishingly singular. The whole exome analysis yielded a high number of mutations present in all metastases (fully shared), additional mutations (partially shared) accumulated one after another in a series, and few private mutations were unique to each metastasis. Surprisingly, the phylogenetic trajectory linking CUP metastases was atypical, depicting a common "stream", sprouting a series of linear "brooks", at variance from the extensive branched evolution observed in metastases from most cancers of known origin. The distinctive genetic and evolutionary features depicted suggest that CUP is a novel nosological entity.


Assuntos
Mutação , Neoplasias Primárias Desconhecidas/classificação , Neoplasias Primárias Desconhecidas/genética , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Evolução Molecular , Exoma/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Primárias Desconhecidas/patologia , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
13.
JAMA Oncol ; 6(8): 1203-1209, 2020 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32584367

RESUMO

Importance: ERBB2 (HER2)-targeted therapy provides benefits in metastatic breast cancer (mBC) and gastric cancer, but additional treatments are needed to maximize efficacy and quality of life. Objective: To determine maximum tolerated doses (MTDs) of trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) plus capecitabine in patients with previously treated ERBB2-positive mBC and locally advanced/metastatic gastric cancer (LA/mGC) (phase 1) and the efficacy and safety of this combination vs T-DM1 alone in patients with mBC (phase 2). Design, Setting, and Participants: The MTD in phase 1 was assessed using a 3 + 3 design with capecitabine dose modification. Phase 2 was an open-label, randomized, international multicenter study of patients with mBC treated with T-DM1 plus capecitabine or T-DM1 alone. Eligible patients had previously treated ERBB2-positive mBC or LA/mGC with no prior chemotherapy treatment for advanced disease. Interventions: Patients in the phase 1 mBC cohort received capecitabine (750 mg/m2, 700 mg/m2, or 650 mg/m2 twice daily, days 1-14 of a 3-week cycle) plus T-DM1 3.6 mg/kg every 3 weeks. Patients with LA/mGC received capecitabine at the mBC phase 1 MTD, de-escalating as needed, plus T-DM1 2.4 mg/kg weekly. In phase 2, patients with mBC were randomized (1:1) to receive capecitabine (at the phase 1 MTD) plus T-DM1 or T-DM1 alone. Main Outcomes and Measures: The phase 1 primary objective was to identify the MTD of capecitabine plus T-DM1. The phase 2 primary outcome was investigator-assessed overall response rate (ORR). Results: In phase 1, the median (range) age was 54.0 (37-71) and 57.5 (53-70) years for patients with mBC and patients with LA/mGC, respectively. The capecitabine MTD was identified as 700 mg/m2 in 11 patients with mBC and 6 patients with LA/mGC evaluable for dose-limiting toxic effects. In phase 2, between October 2014 and April 2016, patients with mBC (median [range] age, 52.0 [28-80] years) were randomized to receive combination therapy (n = 81) or T-DM1 (n = 80). The ORR was 44% (36 of 81 patients) and 36% (29 of 80 patients) in the combination and T-DM1 groups, respectively (difference, 8.2%; 90% CI, -4.5 to 20.9; P = .34; clinical cutoff, May 31, 2017). Adverse events (AEs) were reported in 78 of 82 patients (95%) in the combination group, with 36 (44%) experiencing grade 3-4 AEs, and 69 of 78 patients (88%) in the T-DM1 group, with 32 (41%) experiencing grade 3-4 AEs. No grade 5 AEs were reported. Conclusions and Relevance: Adding capecitabine to T-DM1 did not statistically increase ORR associated with T-DM1 in patients with previously treated ERBB2-positive mBC. The combination group reported more AEs, but with no unexpected toxic effects. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01702558.


Assuntos
Ado-Trastuzumab Emtansina/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Capecitabina/administração & dosagem , Ado-Trastuzumab Emtansina/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Capecitabina/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptor ErbB-2 , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Breast Care (Basel) ; 15(1): 30-37, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32231495

RESUMO

Background: Different studies suggest that fulvestrant 500 mg every 28 days (HD-FUL) could be an active treatment in HR+ advanced breast cancer (ABC) patients even treated with aromatase inhibitors in the adjuvant setting. The aim of this analysis is to describe the outcome of ABC patients treated with HD-FUL as first-line treatment in terms of median duration of treatment and the overall response rate in a real-world setting. Methods: For the purpose of the present analysis, we considered two data sets of HR+ ABC patients collected in Italy between 2012 and 2015 (EVA and GIM-13 AMBRA studies). Results: Eighty-one and 91 patients have been identified from the two data sets. The median age was 63 years (range 35-82) for the EVA and 57.8 years (range 35.0-82.3) for the AMBRA patients. ORRs were 23.5 and 24.3% in the whole population, 26.9% in the patients with bone only, and 21.8 and 21.4% in those with visceral metastases. The median duration of HD-FUL was 11.6 months (range 1-48) and 12.4 months (range 2.9-70.0) in the two data sets, respectively. Conclusion: These data suggest that HD-FUL should still continue to play a significant role as first-line therapy in HR+ ABC patients.

16.
Expert Opin Pharmacother ; 21(9): 1071-1082, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237920

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The administration of chemotherapy before (neoadjuvant), rather than after surgery (adjuvant) in early breast cancer has been considered an optional strategy for patients with operable breast cancer. We reviewed this concept considering recent results in the field. AREAS COVERED: Herein, the authors cover neoadjuvant chemotherapy with or without biologics in triple-negative and HER2-positive operable breast cancer with a focus on rates of complete pathological remission (pCR) in the breast and axilla. The impact of the CREATE X and KATERINE randomized clinical trials of post-surgical treatments in patients with residual disease after neoadjuvant chemotherapy is also discussed. EXPERT OPINION: The CREATE X and KATERINE clinical trials show for the first time and with methodological strengths that, in TNBC and HER2-positive breast cancer patients, post-surgical capecitabine and T-DM1, respectively, can improve prognosis when the disease persists after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Therefore, the role of pCR as a treatment endpoint and a guide for further treatment decisions is now demonstrated. On account of these results, neoadjuvant chemotherapy becomes not an option, but rather the preferred treatment strategy for more and more TNBC and HER2-positive breast cancer patients in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Prognóstico , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Cancers (Basel) ; 12(2)2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023877

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Angiotensin Converting Enzyme inhibitors (ACEis) and beta-blockers (BB) are suggested to prevent and treat trastuzumab-related cardiac toxicity. We performed a prospective clinical trial in women experiencing mild cardiac toxicity (MCT) while on adjuvant treatment with trastuzumab. METHODS: MCT was defined as an asymptomatic absolute decrease in LVEF of ≥ 10 percentage units to >50%. Treatment consisted of enalapril 2.5 mg bid and carvedilol 3.75 mg bid, which were up-titrated to 10 mg bid for the enalapril and 6,25 mg bid of carvedilol. In patients receiving study drug, the primary study end-point was LVEF recovery, which was defined as a post-trastuzumab LVEF returning to no less than -5 percentage points of the baseline value. RESULTS: 103 patients were enrolled, 100 started trastuzumab, and 98 completed the planned treatment. Sixteen patients (16%) had MCT and received study drugs until trastuzumab completion. None of these patients achieved a post-trastuzumab LVEF recovery. Nevertheless, treated patients had significantly higher median LVEF recovery from nadir to post-trastuzumab LVEF in (8% points vs. 4% points, respectively, p = 0.004), resulting in no difference in post-treatment LVEF values compared to patients without MCT. CONCLUSION: Treatment of MCT with ACEis and BB allows faster LVEF recovery from nadir values and should be further studied in this setting.

20.
Int J Cancer ; 147(1): 160-169, 2020 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31724170

RESUMO

Dose-dense adjuvant chemotherapy is standard of care in high-risk early breast cancer patients. However, its role in HER2-positive patients is still uncertain. In this exploratory analysis of the GIM2 trial, we investigated the efficacy of dose-dense chemotherapy in HER2-positive breast cancer patients with or without exposure to trastuzumab. In the GIM2 trial, node-positive early breast cancer patients were randomized to receive four cycles of (fluorouracil)epirubicin/cyclophosphamide followed by four cycles of paclitaxel administered every 2 (dose-dense) or 3 (standard-interval) weeks. After approval of adjuvant trastuzumab, protocol was amended in April 2006 to allow use of trastuzumab for 1 year after chemotherapy completion in HER2-positive patients. The efficacy of dose-dense chemotherapy in terms of disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) was assessed according to HER2 status and trastuzumab use. Out of 2,003 breast cancer patients, HER2 status was negative/unknown in 1,551 patients; among the 452 patients with HER2-positive breast cancer, chemotherapy alone or followed by trastuzumab was given to 320 and 132 patients, respectively. Median follow-up was 8.1 years. No significant interaction between HER2 status, trastuzumab use and chemotherapy treatment was observed for both DFS (p = 0.698) and OS (p = 0.708). Nevertheless, there was no apparent benefit in the HER2-positive group treated with trastuzumab (DFS: HR, 0.99; 95% CI 0.52-1.89; OS: HR, 0.95; 95% CI 0.37-2.41). Although dose-dense chemotherapy was associated with a significant survival improvement in high-risk breast cancer patients, its benefit appeared to be smaller (if any) in patients with HER2-positive disease who received adjuvant trastuzumab.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/enzimologia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Ensaios Clínicos Fase III como Assunto , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Epirubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Trastuzumab/administração & dosagem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...