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1.
Rev. Fac. Med. (Guatemala) ; 1(25 Segunda Época): 42-47, Jun - Dic 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128252

RESUMO

Introducción: El trastorno de ansiedad generalizado (TAG) es una entidad clínica caracterizada por preocupación excesiva y no controlada que puede causar discapacidad funcional, durante un período mínimo de 6 meses. La prevalencia global de TAG en las pacientes en estado de gestación es de 8.5% a 10.5%, la cual es mayor en comparación a la población general (reportada de 1.2% a 6.4%). Entre los factores de riesgo se incluyen: bajo nivel educacional y socioeconómico, pobreza, desintegración familiar, etc. Se ha reportado como complicaciones de TAG durante el embarazo: incremento de consumo de alcohol, riesgo de parto pre término, bajo peso al nacer, etc. Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de trastorno de ansiedad generalizada según el trimestre de embarazo en mujeres gestantes de San Juan Sacatepéquez ya que no existen datos de dicha población. Metodología: Se empleó la escala GAD-7. Se escogió como población a pacientes que asistieron a la consulta externa del Centro de Salud Bárbara durante el mes de junio del 2018. Resultados: La prevalencia de TAG hallada fue: 7.40% en el primer trimestre, 8.82% en el segundo trimestre y 7.31% en el tercer trimestre. Palabras Clave: Ansiedad generalizada, embarazo GAD-7.


Introduction: Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a clinical entity characterized by excessive and uncontrolled worry that can lead to functional disability, for a minimum period of 6 months. The global prevalence of GAD in pregnant patients is from 8.5% to 10.5%, which is higher compared to the general population (reported from 1.2% to 6.4%). Risk factors include: low educational and socioeconomic level, poverty, family disintegration, etc. It has been reported as complications of GAD during pregnancy: Increased consumption of alcohol, risk of preterm birth, low birth weight, etc. Objective: To determine the prevalence of generalized anxiety disorder according to the trimester of pregnancy in pregnant women from San Juan Sacatepéquez, since there are no data for this population. Methodology: the GAD-7 scale was used. Patients attending the outpatient clinic of the Barbara Health Center were selected as a population during the month of June 2018. Results: The prevalence of GAD found was: 7.40% in the first trimester, 8.82% in the second trimester and 7.31% in the third trimester. Keywords: General anxiety, pregnancy, GAD-7

2.
J Appl Res Intellect Disabil ; 28(3): 223-37, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25196210

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A serious board game called 'FREDA Challenge' was co-produced with people with intellectual disabilities (PWID) as a tool for human rights (HR) education and increase positive attitudes towards HR in healthcare settings. The current study evaluated 'FREDA Challenge' with PWID and their carers. METHOD: Eighteen PWID and 13 carers participated in a repeated measures design whereby changes in attitudes and knowledge of HR were measured. RESULTS: Analysis revealed statistically significant differences (P = 0.02) between PWID and carers in their knowledge of HR. The same was not evident for attitudes towards HR. The positive attitudes and knowledge in the PWID group significantly increased after playing the game (P ≤ 0.02), but not for the carers/professionals group. CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that playing the board game can positively change the attitudes and knowledge of PWID towards HR. The board game seems to elicit positive interpersonal dynamics between PWID and carers/professionals.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Direitos Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual/reabilitação , Adulto , Idoso , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Cuidadores , Feminino , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual/psicologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação Pessoal , Jogos e Brinquedos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
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