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1.
Geriatr Gerontol Int ; 2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32072727

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical impact of two intermediate care pathways. METHODS: A prospective, uncontrolled before-after study was carried out to compare two non-synchronic intermediate care frameworks in Spain. Participants in the control group were transferred to the intermediate care center by hospital request, whereas those in the intervention group (Badalona Integrated Care Model [BICM]) were transferred based on a territory approach considering the assessment of an intermediate care team. The clinical characteristics of study participants were assessed at admission and discharge. RESULTS: Compared with participants in the control group, those in the BICM group were significantly older (mean age 81.6 years [SD 10.3] vs 78.3 years [10.1], P < 0.001) and had a lower Barthel score (mean score 32.8 [SD 25.9] vs 39.9 [28.4]; P < 0.001), and a higher proportion of participants with total dependence (38.4% vs 32.2%; P = 0.001). The length of stay in intermediate care was similar in both groups; however, stay in acute care was significantly shorter in the BICM group than in the control group (mean 21 days [SD 19.5] vs 25 days [SD 23]; P < 0.001). No significant differences were found regarding the Barthel Index at discharge, although participants in the BICM group had significantly higher functional gain. CONCLUSIONS: The implementation of a territory-based integrated care pathway in an intermediate care center shifted the profile of admitted patients toward higher complexity. Despite this, patients managed under the integrated care model reduced their dependency and the referral rate to an acute unit during their stay in the intermediate care center. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2020; ••: ••-••.

2.
Nutr Hosp ; 34(5): 1305-1310, 2017 11 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29280644

RESUMO

AIM: A retrospective cohort study was performed in order to evaluate the prevalence of pressure ulcers (PrUs) in older patients admitted to a geriatric rehabilitation unit of a postacute care hospital and to investigate the impact of the presence of PrUs on clinical outcomes of the rehabilitation process. METHODS: We studied 668 post-acute patients consecutively attended, from January 2010 to December 2011. The effect of having PrUs at admission was evaluated based on its impact on outcomes: final destination, functional status, mortality and length of stay in the rehabilitation unit. RESULTS: PrUs prevalence at admission was 16%. Patients with PrUs were older, more disabled and had more complex conditions, including malnutrition and cognitive impairment. In the bivariate analysis, we found patients with PrUs at admission had worst final outcome (%): discharge home (69.2 vs.82.5), discharge long term care setting (14 vs.6.4), discharge acute care (8.4 vs.6.2) and death (8.4 vs.4.8); p < 0.001, and worst Barthel Index score at discharge 57 (SD 34.1) vs.83 (SD 33.6); p < 0.001, with longer length of stay in the unit 61 (SD 42.3) vs.53 (SD 37.1); p 0.004. In the multivariate analysis, PrUs presence was found as one of the variables with significant association to no return to home. Finally, a negative association between PrUs at admission and functional gain at discharge of the postacute unit was identified. CONCLUSIONS: PrUs were prevalent and had negative impact on clinical outcomes of our geriatric unit, as discharge destination, functional gain and Length of Stay, in vulnerable patients.


Assuntos
Lesão por Pressão/complicações , Reabilitação , Resultado do Tratamento , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Desnutrição/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Nutr. hosp ; 34(6): 1305-1310, nov.-dic. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-168968

RESUMO

Aim: A retrospective cohort study was performed in order to evaluate the prevalence of pressure ulcers (PrUs) in older patients admitted to a geriatric rehabilitation unit of a postacute care hospital and to investigate the impact of the presence of PrUs on clinical outcomes of the rehabilitation process. Methods: We studied 668 post-acute patients consecutively attended, from January 2010 to December 2011. The effect of having PrUs at admission was evaluated based on its impact on outcomes: final destination, functional status, mortality and length of stay in the rehabilitation unit. Results: PrUs prevalence at admission was 16%. Patients with PrUs were older, more disabled and had more complex conditions, including malnutrition and cognitive impairment. In the bivariate analysis, we found patients with PrUs at admission had worst final outcome (%): discharge home (69.2 vs. 82.5), discharge long term care setting (14 vs. 6.4), discharge acute care (8.4 vs. 6.2) and death (8.4 vs. 4.8); p < 0.001, and worst Barthel Index score at discharge 57 (SD 34.1) vs. 83 (SD 33.6); p < 0.001, with longer length of stay in the unit 61 (SD 42.3) vs. 53 (SD 37.1); p 0.004. In the multivariate analysis, PrUs presence was found as one of the variables with significant association to no return to home. Finally, a negative association between PrUs at admission and functional gain at discharge of the postacute unit was identified. Conclusions: PrUs were prevalent and had negative impact on clinical outcomes of our geriatric unit, as discharge destination, functional gain and Length of Stay, in vulnerable patients (AU)


Objetivo: se realizó un estudio de cohorte retrospectivo para evaluar la prevalencia de úlceras por presión (PRU) en pacientes mayores ingresados en una unidad de rehabilitación geriátrica de postagudos (atención intermedia) e investigar el impacto de la presencia de PrU en los resultados clínicos del proceso de rehabilitación. Métodos: se estudiaron 668 pacientes ingresados de forma consecutiva, de enero de 2010 a diciembre de 2011. Se evaluó el impacto de la presencia de PrU en el momento del ingreso en relación a los siguientes resultados de salud: destino final, estado funcional, mortalidad y duración de la estancia en la unidad de rehabilitación. Resultados: la prevalencia de PrU en el momento del ingreso fue del 16%. Los pacientes con PrU tenían mayor edad, más presencia de discapacidad y tenían una mayor prevalencia de condiciones complejas, incluyendo desnutrición y deterioro cognitivo. En el análisis bivariado se encontró que los pacientes con PrU al ingreso presentaron un peor resultado final (%): alta a domicilio (69,2 vs. 82,5), ingreso en unidades de larga estancia (14 vs. 6,4), reingreso hospitalario (8,4 vs. 6,2) y fallecimiento (8,4 vs. 4,8); p < 0,001, y un peor índice de Barthel al momento del alta (57 frente a 83); p < 0,001, con mayor duración de la estancia en la unidad (61 frente a 53 días); p 0,004. En el análisis multivariante, la presencia de PrU en el momento del ingreso, se asoció como variable predictora negativa de retorno a domicilio, así como predictora negativa respecto a la ganancia funcional al alta de la unidad postagudos. Conclusiones: las PrUs fueron prevalentes y tuvieron un impacto negativo en los resultados clínicos de nuestra unidad geriátrica, como destino de alta, ganancia funcional y duración de la estancia, en pacientes vulnerables (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Lesão por Pressão/dietoterapia , Lesão por Pressão/epidemiologia , Doença Aguda/epidemiologia , Lesão por Pressão/prevenção & controle , Lesão por Pressão/reabilitação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos de Coortes , Doença Aguda/reabilitação , Análise Multivariada , Tempo de Internação , Análise de Dados/métodos
4.
Rev. esp. geriatr. gerontol. (Ed. impr.) ; 52(4): 201-208, jul.-ago. 2017. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-163723

RESUMO

Objetivo. Evaluar la efectividad clínica de un modelo de atención intermedia basado en un sistema de atención centrado en procesos clínicos integrados (integrated care pathways) respecto al modelo de atención sociosanitario tradicional en Cataluña (atención habitual). Pacientes y métodos. Estudio cuasiexperimental pre-pos no aleatorizado con grupo control no sincrónico y período de lavado. El grupo control lo conforman pacientes incluidos en programas de atención habitual sociosanitaria. De forma posterior durante el período de lavado se desarrolla el modelo de atención intermedia con sus procesos de atención integrada y se llevará a cabo la segunda parte del estudio con el grupo intervención basado en un sistema integrado ya evaluado (Intermediate Care británico). Dicha intervención se caracterizará por el desarrollo e implementación de rutas asistenciales integradas y la creación de equipos interdisciplinares especializados en cada uno de los procesos. Los dos grupos se compararán para variables demográficas, clínicas al ingreso y al alta, síndromes geriátricos y de consumo de recursos. Discusión. Este estudio cuasiexperimental, de carácter eminentemente pragmático, pretende valorar el impacto clínico de la transformación de un modelo de atención sociosanitario tradicional a un modelo de atención intermedia basado en atención por procesos integrados en el marco de una organización sanitaria integral. Creemos que los resultados del presente estudio podrán ser útiles para futuros estudios aleatorizados y controlados (AU)


Objective. To evaluate the clinical effectiveness of an intermediate care model based on a system of care focused on integrated care pathways compared to the traditional model of geriatric care (usual care) in Catalonia. Patients and methods. The design is a quasi-experimental pre-post non-randomised study with non-synchronous control group. The intervention consists of the development and implementation of integrated care pathways and the creation of specialised interdisciplinary teams in each of the processes. The two groups will be compared for demographic, clinical variables on admission and discharge, geriatric syndromes, and use of resources. Discussion. This quasi-experimental study, aims to assess the clinical impact of the transformation of a traditional model of geriatric care to an intermediate care model in an integrated healthcare organisation. It is believed that the results of this study may be useful for future randomised controlled studies (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde , Efetividade , Avaliação de Eficácia-Efetividade de Intervenções , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos/organização & administração , Projetos de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento , Protocolos/métodos , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos/normas , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos , Intervenção Médica Precoce/métodos
5.
Rev Esp Geriatr Gerontol ; 52(4): 201-208, 2017.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27451388

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical effectiveness of an intermediate care model based on a system of care focused on integrated care pathways compared to the traditional model of geriatric care (usual care) in Catalonia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The design is a quasi-experimental pre-post non-randomised study with non-synchronous control group. The intervention consists of the development and implementation of integrated care pathways and the creation of specialised interdisciplinary teams in each of the processes. The two groups will be compared for demographic, clinical variables on admission and discharge, geriatric syndromes, and use of resources. DISCUSSION: This quasi-experimental study, aims to assess the clinical impact of the transformation of a traditional model of geriatric care to an intermediate care model in an integrated healthcare organisation. It is believed that the results of this study may be useful for future randomised controlled studies.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde para Idosos/organização & administração , Modelos Organizacionais , Idoso , Avaliação Geriátrica , Humanos , Instituições para Cuidados Intermediários , Admissão do Paciente , Projetos de Pesquisa , Espanha
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