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1.
JACC Clin Electrophysiol ; 6(8): 989-996, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32819535

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to define the association between conduction recovery across the cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI) and typical atrial flutter (AFL) recurrence when CTI ablation is performed with pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) compared with a stand-alone procedure. BACKGROUND: CTI ablation is commonly performed at the same time as PVI to treat AFL or as an empiric therapy. Conduction recovery is a recognized problem after linear ablation in the left atrium (e.g., mitral isthmus ablation) and is proarrhythmic. Less is known about conduction recovery after CTI ablation and possible differences in outcomes when performed at the time of PVI compared with at the time of a stand-alone procedure. METHODS: Eligible participants who underwent stand-alone CTI ablation were compared with those who underwent a combined (CTI+PVI) procedure. CTI conduction recovery was assessed at the time of a second ablation. Conduction recovery across the CTI (primary outcome) and recurrence of typical AFL (secondary outcome) were studied using multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS: Among 295 eligible participants (median age: 64 years [interquartile range: 55 to 69 years]; 33% women), recovery was assessed in 232 and was more common after combined versus stand-alone CTI ablation (52% [72 of 139] vs. 13% [12 of 93]; p < 0.001). In multivariable analysis, CTI ablation performed as a combined procedure increased odds of CTI conduction recovery 7.8-fold (odds ratio: 7.8; 95% confidence interval: 3.3 to 18.3; p < 0.001) and clinical AFL recurrence 4.1-fold (odds ratio: 4.1; 95% confidence interval: 1.0 to 16.9; p = 0.049). CONCLUSIONS: CTI ablation performed at the time of atrial fibrillation ablation is associated with higher rates of conduction recovery and typical flutter recurrence.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32048116

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Current guidelines recommend complete extraction of cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) in the case of persistent or recurrent fungemia without other identifiable sources, though supporting evidence is lacking. We sought to evaluate the prognosis of patients with candidemia and CIEDs. METHODS: Twelve consecutive patients (54 ± 12 years, 8 male) with CIED and concurrent candidemia were reviewed. RESULTS: At the time of diagnosis with candidemia, seven patients were immunocompromised, six were on long-term antibacterial therapy, two were intravenous drug users, four were on chronic hemodialysis, and six had a central venous catheter. Four patients were confirmed as definite CIED infection as vegetation was visible on lead by echocardiogram. The other 8 patients were considered possible CIED infection with candidemia of unknown focus. All patients with visible vegetation underwent CIED removal without complications, and other patients were initially managed non-operatively. After 1 year of follow-up, 7 patients had died and at extended follow-up, all patients without lead removal died while 3 of 4 patients with lead extraction survived. Of note, 50% of deaths in the patients without lead removal were associated with fungal sepsis. CONCLUSIONS: Candida fungemia is associated with a high mortality. CIED removal should be an early consideration in these patients even if lead vegetations are not seen.

4.
Heart Rhythm ; 16(12): 1855-1861, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31125674

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A high rate of malfunction, predominantly intermittent high-frequency artifacts (HFAs), has been recently reported in Abbott Medical Tendril pacing leads. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the factors associated with the occurrence of HFAs on Tendril leads using a commonly used comparator lead for a control. METHODS: We reviewed institutional data for Medtronic CapSureFix 5076 and Abbott Medical Tendril pace-sense leads retrospectively. Recordings deemed to be due to electromagnetic interference and far-field oversensing were not included in the classification of HFAs. RESULTS: A total of 7673 leads were analyzed: 1628 Optim-insulated Tendril leads, 825 non-Optim Tendril leads, and 5220 CapSureFix 5076. HFAs were seen in 212 leads and were more frequently observed in Tendril compared to CapSureFix leads during a mean follow-up of 4.1 ± 3.6 years. Lower age at implant, defibrillator systems, atrial position, and connection to an Abbott Medical generator were associated with increased HFA. In multivariable analysis, only connection to Abbott Medical generators (odds ratio 7.686, P < .001) and age (odds ratio 0.988 per year, P = .016) were independently associated with HFAs on pace-sense leads. In an Abbott-generator-only analysis, Optim-insulated Tendril leads were more likely to display HFAs than non-Optim Tendril leads but not Medtronic CapSureFix 5076 leads. CONCLUSION: Abbott Medical pulse generators independently predict HFA in Tendril and CapSureFix 5076 leads, likely the result of displaying short or low-amplitude noise episodes that other devices do not record. When restricted to Abbott generators only, Optim-insulated Tendril leads show an increased incidence of HFAs when compared to non-Optim Tendril leads but not CapSureFix 5076 leads.

5.
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol ; 42(7): 965-969, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31045260

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Boston Scientific (Marlborough, MA, USA) implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) and cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillators (CRT-Ds) manufactured between 2008 and 2014 are potentially subject to premature battery depletion through a low-voltage capacitor malfunction occurring as a result of hydrogen buildup within the device. Although some of these devices are currently under advisory, other devices manufactured during this timeframe carry a lower risk of the same malfunction. These same devices are known to have superior longevity in general, and the overall mean lifespan of the devices remains long. METHODS: All patients implanted or followed at our two centers who experienced premature battery depletion and had a Boston Scientific ICD or CRT-D potentially at risk for low-voltage capacitor malfunction were studied retrospectively. RESULTS: Nineteen out of 838 patients (2.3%) with devices potentially at risk have had premature battery depletion: 5.7% of those under advisory and 1.1% of those not under advisory. None of our patients had compromised therapy, and all had >27 days of projected battery longevity remaining. CONCLUSIONS: Undetected premature battery depletion in this population of ICDs has the potential to expose a patient to an interval of time where the device is unable to provide therapy. However, with enrollment in remote monitoring, regular follow-up, and attention to audible alerts, the risk of therapy loss due to low-voltage state can be effectively mitigated. For these reasons, prophylactic generator replacement is not recommended.

8.
Card Electrophysiol Clin ; 10(1): 1-9, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29428130

RESUMO

Battery depletion is the most common reason for device reoperation, which is associated with significant patient morbidity and mortality. This article describes the history of pacing and defibrillation power supplies and the factors that determine the longevity of pacing and defibrillator generators with a special emphasis on factors that can be adjusted or controlled by the implanting and following physician. Optimization of longevity is attained through device selection; shock minimization; avoidance of prolonged radiofrequency telemetry; selection of higher impedance vectors; avoidance of long pulse duration when possible; and avoidance of unnecessary feature activation, such as continuous electrogram storage.


Assuntos
Desfibriladores Implantáveis/normas , Fontes de Energia Elétrica/normas , Marca-Passo Artificial/normas , Desenho de Equipamento , Segurança de Equipamentos , Humanos , Fatores de Tempo
9.
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol ; 40(6): 644-647, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28369957

RESUMO

Transvenous leads are a known source of iatrogenic tricuspid regurgitation. It is commonly held that extraction of chronic pacing and defibrillator leads will not reduce this, due to the inevitable trauma to the valve associated with the procedure. We demonstrate three cases of clinically significant reductions in tricuspid regurgitation after extraction of leads that were looped across the tricuspid valve.


Assuntos
Remoção de Dispositivo/métodos , Eletrodos Implantados/efeitos adversos , Marca-Passo Artificial/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Periférico/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem
13.
J Arrhythm ; 32(1): 51-6, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26949431

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with cardiac fibrosis, which can now be measured noninvasively using T1-mapping with cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI). This study aimed to assess the impact of AF on ventricular T1 at the time of CMRI. METHODS: Subjects with AF scheduled for AF ablation underwent CMRI with standard electrocardiography gating and breath-hold protocols on a 1.5 T scanner with post-contrast ventricular T1 recorded from 6 regions of interest at the mid-ventricle. Baseline demographic, clinical, and imaging characteristics were examined using univariate and multivariable linear regression modeling for an association with myocardial T1. RESULTS: One hundred fifty-seven patients were studied (32% women; median age, 61 years [interquartile range {IQR}, 55-67], 50% persistent AF [episodes>7 days or requiring electrical or pharmacologic cardioversion], 30% in AF at the time of the CMRI). The median global T1 was 404 ms (IQR, 381-428). AF at the time of CMRI was associated with a 4.4% shorter T1 (p=0.000) compared to sinus rhythm when adjusted for age, sex, persistent AF, body mass index, congestive heart failure, and renal dysfunction (estimated glomerular filtration rate<60). A post-hoc multivariate model adjusted for heart rate suggested that heart rate elevation (p=0.009) contributes to the reduction in T1 observed in patients with AF at the time of CMRI. No association between ventricular T1 and AF recurrence after ablation was demonstrated. CONCLUSION: AF at the time of CMRI was associated with lower post-contrast ventricular T1 compared with sinus rhythm. This effect was at least partly due to elevated heart rate. T1 was not associated with the recurrence of AF after ablation.

14.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 27(1): 120-4, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26511459

RESUMO

We present three cases within 11 months at a single institution of sustained VT that fell below the programmed detection rate of the patients' implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs), two of which continued until converting to an agonal VF that did not meet criteria for detection, and a third case that could not be successfully defibrillated after a prolonged period of VT. These episodes may be under-recognized due to the dependence of device diagnostic storage on programming and the post-mortem effort that is often required to review these events. Some patients, likely those with the most advanced heart failure, may not tolerate sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) and may even die from ventricular arrhythmias without ever having a rhythm that meets detection criteria in a ventricular fibrillation (VF) zone.


Assuntos
Morte Súbita Cardíaca/etiologia , Cardioversão Elétrica/instrumentação , Taquicardia Ventricular/terapia , Idoso , Causas de Morte , Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Eletrocardiografia , Evolução Fatal , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Taquicardia Ventricular/complicações , Taquicardia Ventricular/diagnóstico , Taquicardia Ventricular/fisiopatologia , Falha de Tratamento
17.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 82(4): E356-64, 2013 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22511502

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We sought to compare the clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary revascularization of large coronary arteries using drug-eluting (DES) or bare-metal (BMS) stents. BACKGROUND: In de novo native coronary lesions with reference diameters of 2.5-3.5 mm, DES reduce target lesion revascularization (TLR) with no increase in death or myocardial infarction (MI). The relative efficacy of DES in larger coronary artery lesions is less certain. METHODS: From the prospective Evaluation of Drug-Eluting Stents and Ischemic Events registry, we identified patients undergoing stenting of de novo lesions in native coronary arteries 3.5-5.0 mm in diameter (n = 1,485). In-hospital and 1-year clinical outcomes were compared for BMS (n = 282) and DES (n = 1,203) patients, using propensity stratification to adjust for differences in potential confounding factors. RESULTS: Most patient characteristics were similar for the two groups, but BMS patients were more likely to have been treated in the setting of ST elevation MI, whereas DES patients had more bifurcation lesions, smaller vessels, and longer total stent lengths. In risk-adjusted analyses, the composite endpoint of 1-year death, MI or TLR was similar for BMS and DES (standardized rate: 11.9% vs. 8.5%, P = 0.10). DES was associated with a 62% reduction in the risk of TLR, although the absolute difference in event rates was small (standardized rates 4.6% vs. 1.8%, P = 0.016). CONCLUSIONS: Among relatively unselected patients undergoing PCI of large native coronary arteries, use of DES was associated with a modest reduction in rates of TLR, with a neutral effect on other ischemic endpoints.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Stents Farmacológicos , Hospitais , Metais , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Stents , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
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