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1.
J Thorac Imaging ; 2020 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32555005

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Burnout is a psychological syndrome in response to chronic occupational stressors. The prevalence of burnout among medical professionals has been increasing, and recent studies have shown that radiologists are among those affected. We investigated the prevalence of burnout and assessed associated factors among cardiothoracic radiologists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Society of Thoracic Radiology members were invited to complete an anonymous cross-sectional survey that included an adapted Maslach Burnout Inventory and questions about demographics, work place characteristics, and stressors. RESULTS: The survey response rate was 33.1% (290/874). Per-item response rate ranged from 94% to 100% with a median of 99%. The prevalence of emotional exhaustion was 66.8% (186/283), depersonalization was 79% (223/283), and low personal accomplishment was 23% (65/280). There were no statistically significant differences between academic and private practice. There was a trend toward worse burnout in women, but this was not statistically significant. Being in early career (0 to 10 y since fellowship) was associated with low personal accomplishment [odds ratio (OR): 2.07, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.08-3.99]. Those working fewer than 51 hours per week were significantly less likely to report emotional exhaustion (OR: 0.55, 95% CI: 0.33-0.90). The odds of emotional exhaustion for those producing fewer than 7500 work relative value units per year were approximately half of those exceeding that number (OR: 0.46, 95% CI: 0.22-0.95). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of burnout among cardiothoracic radiologists is comparable to that reported for radiologists in other subspecialties such as musculoskeletal and interventional radiology. High work relative value unit productivity and longer work hours are associated with higher prevalence of burnout.

2.
J Digit Imaging ; 33(3): 797-813, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32253657

RESUMO

Radiology teaching file repositories contain a large amount of information about patient health and radiologist interpretation of medical findings. Although valuable for radiology education, the use of teaching file repositories has been hindered by the ability to perform advanced searches on these repositories given the unstructured format of the data and the sparseness of the different repositories. Our term coverage analysis of two major medical ontologies, Radiology Lexicon (RadLex) and Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT), and two teaching file repositories, Medical Imaging Resource Community (MIRC) and MyPacs, showed that both ontologies combined cover 56.3% of terms in the MIRC and only 17.9% of terms in MyPacs. Furthermore, the overlap between the two ontologies (i.e., terms included by both the RadLex and UMLS SNOMED CT) was a mere 5.6% for the MIRC and 2% for the RadLex. Clustering the content of the teaching file repositories showed that they focus on different diagnostic areas within radiology. The MIRC teaching file covers mostly pediatric cases; a few cases are female patients with heart-, chest-, and bone-related diseases. The MyPacs contains a range of different diseases with no focus on a particular disease category, gender, or age group. MyPacs also provides a wide variety of cases related to the neck, face, heart, chest, and breast. These findings provide valuable insights on what new cases should be added or how existent cases may be integrated to provide more comprehensive data repositories. Similarly, the low-term coverage by the ontologies shows the need to expand ontologies with new terminology such as new terms learned from these teaching file repositories and validated by experts. While our methodology to organize and index data using clustering approaches and medical ontologies is applied to teaching file repositories, it can be applied to any other medical clinical data.

3.
Am J Respir Crit Care Med ; 199(6): 747-759, 2019 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30216085

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Mediastinal lymph node (MLN) enlargement on chest computed tomography (CT) is prevalent in patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD) and may reflect immunologic activation and subsequent cytokine-mediated immune cell trafficking. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine whether MLN enlargement on chest CT predicts clinical outcomes and circulating cytokine levels in ILD. METHODS: MLN measurements were obtained from chest CT scans of patients with ILD at baseline evaluation over a 10-year period. Patients with sarcoidosis and drug toxicity-related ILD were excluded. MLN diameter and location were assessed. Plasma cytokine levels were analyzed in a subset of patients. The primary outcome was transplant-free survival (TFS). Secondary outcomes included all-cause and respiratory hospitalizations, lung function, and plasma cytokine concentrations. Cox regression was used to assess mortality risk. Outcomes were assessed in three independent ILD cohorts. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Chest CT scans were assessed in 1,094 patients (mean age, 64 yr; 52% male). MLN enlargement (≥10 mm) was present in 66% (n = 726) and strongly predicted TFS (hazard ratio [HR], 1.53; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.12-2.10; P = 0.008) and risk of all-cause and respiratory hospitalizations (internal rate of return [IRR], 1.52; 95% CI, 1.17-1.98; P = 0.002; and IRR, 1.71; 95% CI, 1.15-2.53; P = 0.008, respectively) when compared with subjects with MLN <10 mm. Patients with MLN enlargement had lower lung function and decreased plasma concentrations of soluble CD40L (376 pg/ml vs. 505 pg/ml, P = 0.001) compared with those without MLN enlargement. Plasma IL-10 concentration >45 pg/ml predicted mortality (HR, 4.21; 95% CI, 1.21-14.68; P = 0.024). Independent analysis of external datasets confirmed these findings. CONCLUSIONS: MLN enlargement predicts TFS and hospitalization risk in ILD and is associated with decreased levels of a key circulating cytokine, soluble CD40L. Incorporating MLN and cytokine findings into current prediction models might improve ILD prognostication.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/mortalidade , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Mediastino/diagnóstico por imagem , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
4.
J Thorac Imaging ; 33(4): 266-270, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29683868

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this article was to determine whether a novel finding on coronal computed tomography (CT) can help differentiate usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) from nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP) in order to obviate lung biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two chest radiologists, blinded to clinical data, reviewed 3 preselected coronal images from CT scans, performed within 1 year of surgical lung biopsy (SLB), from 51 patients with biopsy-proven UIP and 15 with biopsy-proven NSIP. The 198 (66×3) images were anonymized and randomized. The radiologists assessed each coronal image for the presence or absence of the straight-edge sign (SES) on both the right and left sides, anecdotally thought to be more common in NSIP than in UIP. The SES was defined as reticulation isolated to the lung bases with sharp demarcation in the craniocaudal plane and without substantial extension along the lateral margins of the lungs. A validation cohort from a second medical center was also evaluated to reassess our findings. RESULTS: The absence of a bilateral SES yielded a sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value of 56.9%, 93.3%, 96.7%, and 38.9%, respectively, for UIP on SLB. The unilateral or bilateral absence of the SES yielded a sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and negative predictive value of 76.5%, 66.7%, 88.6%, and 45.5%, respectively, for UIP on SLB. For the 11 subjects with an overall CT pattern consistent with NSIP but a pathologic diagnosis of UIP, the SES was absent in 6 (54.5%) subjects. In the validation cohort, the SES was much more common in NSIP than in UIP (46.6% compared with 3.3%, respectively; P<0.001). CONCLUSION: The absence of the SES has a high PPV for biopsy-proven UIP. Bilateral absence of the SES has high specificity (93.3%) for biopsy-proven UIP. The SES may be useful for differentiating UIP from NSIP.


Assuntos
Pneumonias Intersticiais Idiopáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
5.
AJR Am J Roentgenol ; 210(5): 1034-1041, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29547052

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the diagnostic significance of CT patterns that cannot be classified according to current idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) guidelines and of specific findings of the inconsistent with usual interstitial pneumonitis (UIP) pattern. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects with a multidisciplinary diagnosis of interstitial lung disease who had undergone surgical lung biopsy and chest CT within 1 year of each other were included in the study. The predominant distribution and pattern of disease were scored. Cases were classified as UIP, possible UIP, or inconsistent with UIP at chest CT according to 2011 IPF guidelines. Cases that could not be confidently categorized with current guidelines were annotated as indeterminate. RESULTS: UIP, possible UIP, and inconsistent with UIP CT patterns were associated with pathologic UIP in 89.6%, 81.6%, and 60.0% of subjects. An indeterminate CT pattern (7.7% [20/259]) was associated with a UIP pathologic diagnosis in 55.0% of cases. This finding was not statistically different from the findings in the group with the inconsistent with UIP CT pattern (p = 0.677) but was different from the findings in the UIP (p < 0.001) and possible UIP (p = 0.031) groups. In regard to specific findings of the inconsistent with UIP CT category, ground-glass opacity, air-trapping, consolidation, and axial distribution were associated with a non-UIP pathologic diagnosis; however, there was no significant association with zonal distribution. CONCLUSION: A substantial minority of cases cannot be confidently categorized according to current guidelines for IPF and differ diagnostically from the possible UIP and UIP CT categories. The term "inconsistent with UIP" is misleading and should be renamed.


Assuntos
Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/diagnóstico por imagem , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/patologia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Idoso , Biópsia , Feminino , Humanos , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
6.
AJR Am J Roentgenol ; 210(2): 307-313, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29140119

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: A substantial proportion of cases of usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) are due to connective tissue disease (CTD)-associated interstitial lung disease (ILD). The purpose of this study was to determine whether specific CT findings can help differentiate a UIP pattern of CTD-ILD from a UIP pattern of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and whether these signs are associated with survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adults visiting an ILD clinic from 2006 to 2015 enrolled in a research registry with a multidisciplinary diagnosis of CTD-ILD or IPF and a UIP pattern at high-resolution CT were included in the study. In these subjects with CT findings of UIP due to either IPF or CTD-ILD, three CT findings anecdotally associated with CTD-ILD were assessed for diagnostic accuracy: the "straight-edge" sign, the "exuberant honeycombing" sign, and the "anterior upper lobe" sign. Survival assessments were performed with univariate and multivariable techniques. RESULTS: The subjects included 63 patients who had CTD-ILD and 133 patients who had IPF with a UIP pattern at CT. All three CT signs were significantly more common in subjects with CTD-ILD than those with IPF (prevalence, 22.2-25.4% for CTD-ILD, 6.0-12.8% for IPF; p = 0.028 to < 0.001). The highest specificity (94.0%) and sensitivity (25.4%) were seen for the straight-edge sign. No CT sign was associated with survival in multivariable analysis. CONCLUSION: Although UIP is usually associated with IPF, the index of suspicion for CTD-ILD should be raised in the care of patients with any of the three CT signs. A thorough workup for CTD-ILD should be pursued, including referral to the rheumatology department.


Assuntos
Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
7.
Chest ; 153(2): 349-360, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28964798

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The current interstitial lung disease (ILD) classification has overlapping clinical presentations and outcomes. Cluster analysis modeling is a valuable tool in identifying distinct clinical phenotypes in heterogeneous diseases. However, this approach has yet to be implemented in ILD. METHODS: Using cluster analysis, novel ILD phenotypes were identified among subjects from a longitudinal ILD cohort, and outcomes were stratified according to phenotypic clusters compared with subgroups according to current American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society ILD classification criteria. RESULTS: Among subjects with complete data for baseline variables (N = 770), four clusters were identified. Cluster 1 (ie, younger white obese female subjects) had the highest baseline FVC and diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (Dlco). Cluster 2 (ie, younger African-American female subjects with elevated antinuclear antibody titers) had the lowest baseline FVC. Cluster 3 (ie, elderly white male smokers with coexistent emphysema) had intermediate FVC and Dlco. Cluster 4 (ie, elderly white male smokers with severe honeycombing) had the lowest baseline Dlco. Compared with classification according to ILD subgroup, stratification according to phenotypic clusters was associated with significant differences in monthly FVC decline (Cluster 4, -0.30% vs Cluster 2, 0.01%; P < .0001). Stratification by using clusters also independently predicted progression-free survival (P < .001) and transplant-free survival (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Among adults with diverse chronic ILDs, cluster analysis using baseline characteristics identified four distinct clinical phenotypes that might better predict meaningful clinical outcomes than current ILD diagnostic criteria.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/classificação , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Análise por Conglomerados , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Fibrose Pulmonar/patologia
9.
Eur Radiol ; 27(12): 5127-5135, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28687910

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify CT findings in chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis (cHP) associated with survival. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two thoracic radiologists assessed CT scans for specific imaging findings and patterns in 132 subjects with cHP. Survival analyses were performed. RESULTS: The majority of subjects had an inconsistent with usual interstitial pneumonitis pattern on CT (55.3%,73/132). Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) diagnosis on CT was less common in those with fibrosis (66.1%, 74/112) than those without fibrosis (85%,17/20). Smoking was associated with a lower prevalence of HP on CT (p=0.04). CT features of pulmonary fibrosis, especially traction bronchiectasis (HR 8.34, 95% CI 1.98-35.21) and increased pulmonary artery (PA)/aorta ratio (HR 2.49, 95% CI 1.27-4.89) were associated with worse survival, while ground-glass opacity (HR 0.31, 95% CI 0.12-0.79) was associated with improved survival. Survival association with imaging was less pronounced after adjustment for gender, age and physiology score. CONCLUSIONS: A substantial proportion of cHP cases have a non-HP-like appearance. Ground-glass opacity, pulmonary fibrosis features and elevated PA/aorta ratio on CT likely reflect varying degrees of disease severity in cHP and may inform future clinical prediction models. KEY POINTS: • A substantial proportion of subjects with chronic HP have a UIP-like pattern. • A UIP pattern in HP may be potentiated by smoking. • A diagnosis of HP should not be excluded based solely on CT appearance. • CT fibrosis and increased PA/aorta ratio signal worse survival.


Assuntos
Alveolite Alérgica Extrínseca/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Alveolite Alérgica Extrínseca/patologia , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Fibrose/patologia , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertensão Pulmonar/patologia , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Análise de Sobrevida
10.
AJR Am J Roentgenol ; 208(6): 1229-1236, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28350485

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine the CT findings and patterns of interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features (IPAF) and to assess whether imaging can predict survival for patients with IPAF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 136 subjects who met the criteria for IPAF and had diagnostic-quality chest CT scans obtained from 2006 to 2015; a total of 74 of these subjects had pathologic samples available for review within 1 year of chest CT examination. CT findings and the presence of an usual interstitial pneumonitis (UIP) pattern of disease were assessed, as was the UIP pattern noted on pathologic analysis. Analysis of chest CT findings associated with survival was performed using standard univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards methods as well as the unadjusted log-rank test. Survival data were visually presented using the Kaplan-Meier survival curve estimator. RESULTS: Most subjects with IPAF (57.4%; 78/136) had a high-confidence diagnosis of a UIP pattern on CT. Substantially fewer subjects (28.7%; 39/136) had a pattern that was inconsistent with UIP noted on CT. The presence of a UIP pattern on CT was associated with smoking (p < 0.01), male sex (p < 0.01), and older age (p < 0.001). Approximately one-fourth of the subjects had a nonspecific interstitial pneumonitis pattern on CT. Of interest, nearly one-tenth of the subjects had a CT pattern that was most consistent with hypersensitivity pneumonitis rather than the customary CT patterns ascribed to lung disease resulting from connective tissue disease. Most subjects with a possible UIP pattern on CT (83.3%) had UIP diagnosed on the basis of pathologic findings. Focused multivariate analysis showed that honeycombing on CT (hazard ratio, 2.17; 95% CI, 1.05-4.47) and pulmonary artery enlargement on CT (hazard ratio, 2.08; 95% CI, 1.02-4.20) were independent predictors of survival. CONCLUSION: IPAF most often presents with a UIP pattern on CT and is associated with worse survival when concomitant honeycombing or pulmonary artery enlargement is present.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Autoimunes/mortalidade , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Autoimunes/patologia , Chicago/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Estatística como Assunto
12.
Radiol Clin North Am ; 54(6): 1033-1046, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27719974

RESUMO

The management of hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) depends on early identification of the disease process, which is complicated by its nonspecific clinical presentation in addition to variable and diverse laboratory and radiologic findings. HP is the result of exposure and sensitization to myriad aerosolized antigens. HP develops in the minority of antigenic exposures, and conversely has been documented in patients with no identifiable exposure, complicating the diagnostic algorithm significantly. Prompt diagnosis and early intervention are critical in slowing the progression of irreversible parenchymal damage, and additionally in preserving the quality of life of affected patients.


Assuntos
Alveolite Alérgica Extrínseca/diagnóstico por imagem , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/diagnóstico por imagem , Alvéolos Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Radiografia Torácica/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Alveolite Alérgica Extrínseca/complicações , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Humanos , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/etiologia , Intensificação de Imagem Radiográfica/métodos
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