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1.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-6, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34498969

RESUMO

Cholinesterase (ChE) inhibitors are currently the main drugs used to treat the cognitive symptoms of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Dual cholinesterase inhibitors, that is, compounds capable of inhibiting both acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE), are considered a new potential approach for the long-term treatment of patients with AD. We evaluated the ethyl acetate extract of Phomopsis sp., grown in liquid medium malt extract and potato dextrose (PDB), an endophyte isolated from the Brazilian medicinal plant Hancornia speciosa. The anticholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) activities were evaluated. The extracts exhibited dual action against AChE and BuChE. The compounds isolated from these extracts, nectriapyrone (1) and tryptophol (2), showed inhibitory action on BuChE (IC50 = 29.05 and 34.15 µM respectively), being selective towards BuChE. The discovery of selective BuChE inhibitors is extremely important for the development of drugs that can be used in the treatment of patients diagnosed with AD.

2.
Daru ; 28(1): 333-358, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32006343

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Glycoproteins are organic compounds formed from proteins and carbohydrates, which are found in many parts of the living systems including the cell membranes. Furthermore, impaired metabolism of glycoprotein components plays the main role in the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study is to investigate the influence of glycoprotein levels in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. METHODS: All relevant papers in the English language were compiled by searching electronic databases, including Scopus, PubMed and Cochrane library. The keywords of glycoprotein, diabetes mellitus, glycan, glycosylation, and inhibitor were searched until January 2019. RESULTS: Glycoproteins are pivotal elements in the regulation of cell proliferation, growth, maturation and signaling pathways. Moreover, they are involved in drug binding, drug transportation, efflux of chemicals and stability of therapeutic proteins. These functions, structure, composition, linkages, biosynthesis, significance and biological effects are discussed as related to their use as a therapeutic strategy for the treatment of diabetes mellitus and its complications. CONCLUSIONS: The findings revealed several chemical and natural compounds have significant beneficial effects on glycoprotein metabolism. The comprehension of glycoprotein structure and functions are very essential and inevitable to enhance the knowledge of glycoengineering for glycoprotein-based therapeutics as may be required for the treatment of diabetes mellitus and its associated complications. Graphical abstract.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/metabolismo , Glicoproteínas/metabolismo , Animais , Produtos Biológicos/farmacologia , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico
3.
J Nat Prod ; 83(1): 55-65, 2020 01 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895573

RESUMO

A new method of screening was developed to generate 770 organic and water-soluble fractions from extracts of nine species of marine sponges, from the growth media of 18 species of marine-derived fungi, and from the growth media of 13 species of endophytic fungi. The screening results indicated that water-soluble fractions displayed significant bioactivity in cytotoxic, antibiotic, anti-Leishmania, anti-Trypanosoma cruzi, and inhibition of proteasome assays. Purification of water-soluble fractions from the growth medium of Penicillium solitum IS1-A provided the new glutamic acid derivatives solitumine A (1), solitumine B (2), and solitumidines A-D (3-6). The structures of compounds 1-6 have been established by analysis of spectroscopic data, chemical derivatizations, and vibrational circular dichroism calculations. Although no biological activity could be observed for compounds 1-6, the new structures reported for 1-6 indicate that the investigation of water-soluble natural products represents a relevant strategy in finding new secondary metabolites.


Assuntos
Glutamatos/química , Regiões Antárticas , Fungos/química , Estrutura Molecular , Penicillium/química , Água
4.
Org Lett ; 17(21): 5152-5, 2015 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26444492

RESUMO

The structure of the fungal metabolite roussoellatide (1) has been established by spectroscopic and X-ray diffraction analyses. Results from feeding experiments with [1-(13)C]acetate, [2-(13)C]acetate, and [1,2-(13)C]acetate were consistent with a biosynthetic pathway to the unprecedented skeleton of 1 involving Favorskii rearrangements in separate pentaketides, subsequently joined via an intermolecular Diels-Alder reaction.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos/química , Hidrocarbonetos Clorados/síntese química , Policetídeos/síntese química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Reação de Cicloadição , Hidrocarbonetos Clorados/química , Biologia Marinha , Conformação Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular , Policetídeos/química
5.
Exp Parasitol ; 132(3): 362-6, 2012 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22955115

RESUMO

The increasing resistance of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus tick to commercial insecticides requires alternative methods for the control of this cattle plague. The enthomopathogenic fungus Beauveria felina produces destruxins in culture media, cyclic depsipeptides which display an array of biological activities. The present investigation aimed to evaluate the acaricide action of destruxins isolated from B. felina culture media on R. (B.) microplus engorged females. B. felina was grown in MF medium under 19 different growth conditions. HPLC-PDA analysis of chromatographic fractions obtained from the 19 different growth media extracts indicated the presence of destruxins in all lipophylic fractions. Such fractions were combined and subjected to separation by HPLC. Fractions containing distinct destruxins composition were tested against R. (B.) microplus. Two fractions, composed of destruxin Ed(1) and pseudodestruxin B and/or pseudodestruxin C (fraction P1) as well as by hydroxyhomodestruxin B and/or destruxin D and/or roseotoxin C (fraction P7), displayed 30% and 28.7% acaricidal efficacy, respectively. This activity profile in such low concentration is adequate to consider destruxins as potential leading compounds to be developed for tick biological control.


Assuntos
Acaricidas , Beauveria/química , Depsipeptídeos , Proteínas Fúngicas , Rhipicephalus , Animais , Beauveria/isolamento & purificação , Brasil , Bovinos , Doenças dos Bovinos/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças dos Bovinos/parasitologia , Caulerpa/microbiologia , Depsipeptídeos/química , Depsipeptídeos/classificação , Feminino , Água do Mar , Infestações por Carrapato/tratamento farmacológico , Infestações por Carrapato/parasitologia , Infestações por Carrapato/veterinária
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