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1.
J Anxiety Disord ; 79: 102369, 2021 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33610851

RESUMO

Nighttime fears are highly prevalent in children and are linked to children's distress and internalizing problems, especially childhood anxiety. Although its assessment may be critical, there is a lack of available standardized self-reports. This study aimed to describe the development and psychometric evaluation of the Nighttime Fears Scale (NFS), a new standardized self-report for assessing nighttime fears in school-aged children. The construction of the scale was based on prior relevant research and involvement of researchers and clinicians, experts in childhood anxiety, and fears. A total of 794 Spanish-speaking children (51.1 % girls) aged 8-12 years completed the NFS along with measures of anxiety, sleep problems, internalizing and externalizing problems, and positive behaviors. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses supported a four-factor structure of the NFS, consisting of 21 items measuring a range of potentially fear-provoking stimuli at nighttime. Strong internal consistency (alphas ranging from .87 to .94), adequate test-retest reliability, and evidence of convergent, divergent and incremental validity was found. This study provides initial support for the use of the NFS by clinicians and researchers, suggesting that it is a promising tool for a rapid and easily-administered assessment to identify the presence and intensity levels of a set of common children's nighttime fears.

2.
Assessment ; : 1073191121996470, 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33629588

RESUMO

During adolescence, the difficulty to control impulses is especially notable. The Brief Self-Control Scale has been used in different countries for years to study associations between self-control and other variables. However, its factor structure is not completely clear, and it is necessary to have a scale with psychometric assurances that evaluates self-control in adolescents. The aim of this study was to examine the factorial structure of the Brief Self-Control Scale and to provide evidences of reliability, validity, and factor invariance across gender and age in a sample of Spanish adolescents. Participants were 693 adolescents from Southeastern Spain, aged 13 to 18 years. Data supported an excellent fit to a two-dimensional model and evidences of reliability, validity and factor invariance across gender and age were obtained. This study provides new data on the two-dimensionality of self-control. The need of this tool becomes increasingly relevant to the susceptibility of new emerging addictions, such as mobile phones or internet.

3.
Psicothema (Oviedo) ; 33(1): 125-130, feb. 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-196951

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite being necessary to delay the spread of COVID-19, home confinement could have affected the emotional well-being of children and adolescents. Knowing which variables are involved in anxiety and depressive symptoms could help to prevent young people's psychological problems related to lockdown as early as possible. This cross-sectional study aims to examine anxiety and depressive symptomatology in Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese children and adolescents in order to determine which variables are related to poorer well-being during the pandemic. METHOD: The parents of 515 children, aged 3-18 years old, completed an online survey. Children's anxiety symptoms were assessed using the Spence Children's Anxiety Scale-Parent Version, and depressive symptoms were measured with the Short Mood and Feelings Questionnaire-Parent Version. RESULTS: We found differences in anxiety and depression between countries, with higher anxiety scores in Spanish children, and higher depression scores in Spanish and Italian children compared to the Portuguese. Anxiety and depressive symptoms were more likely in children whose parents reported higher levels of stress. CONCLUSIONS: These findings are discussed in the light of detecting and supporting affected children as early as possible


ANTECEDENTES: a pesar de ser necesario para retrasar la propagación del COVID-19, el confinamiento podría haber afectado al bienestar emocional de niños y adolescentes. Conocer qué variables están involucradas en la ansiedad y depresión podría ayudar a prevenir en los niños los problemas psicológicos asociados al confinamiento lo antes posible. Este estudio transversal tiene como objetivo examinar la sintomatología ansiosa y depresiva en niños y adolescentes italianos, españoles y portugueses, para detectar qué variables están relacionadas con un peor bienestar durante la pandemia. MÉTODO: los padres de 515 niños de 3 a 18 años completaron una evaluación online. Los síntomas de ansiedad de los niños se evaluaron con la Spence Children's Anxiety Scale-Parent Version, y los síntomas depresivos con el Short Mood and Feelings Questionnaire-Parent Version. RESULTADOS: se hallaron diferencias en la ansiedad y la depresión entre países, con mayor ansiedad en los niños españoles, y mayor sintomatología depresiva en los niños españoles e italianos, en comparación con los portugueses. Los síntomas de ansiedad y depresión eran más probables en niños cuyos padres informaron de un mayor nivel de estrés. CONCLUSIONES: estos hallazgos se discuten con el propósito de detectar y apoyar a los niños afectados lo antes posible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Pandemias , Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Comparação Transcultural , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Psicothema ; 33(1): 125-130, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33453745

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite being necessary to delay the spread of COVID-19, home confinement could have affected the emotional well-being of children and adolescents. Knowing which variables are involved in anxiety and depressive symptoms could help to prevent young people's psychological problems related to lockdown as early as possible. This cross-sectional study aims to examine anxiety and depressive symptomatology in Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese children and adolescents in order to determine which variables are related to poorer well-being during the pandemic. METHOD: The parents of 515 children, aged 3-18 years old, completed an online survey. Children's anxiety symptoms were assessed using the Spence Children's Anxiety Scale-Parent Version, and depressive symptoms were measured with the Short Mood and Feelings Questionnaire-Parent Version. RESULTS: We found differences in anxiety and depression between countries, with higher anxiety scores in Spanish children, and higher depression scores in Spanish and Italian children compared to the Portuguese. Anxiety and depressive symptoms were more likely in children whose parents reported higher levels of stress. CONCLUSIONS: These findings are discussed in the light of detecting and supporting affected children as early as possible.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Características Culturais , Feminino , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Portugal/epidemiologia , Quarentena , Espanha/epidemiologia
5.
Behav Modif ; : 145445521991098, 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33511861

RESUMO

Anxious children report a more negative perception of their social performance and increased nervous behaviors. The video-feedback with cognitive preparation allows children to contrast and modify their negative social self-image, increasing their self-confidence and decreasing anxiety behaviors. This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of the Super Skills for Life (SSL) program in improving social performance in a sample of children with emotional symptoms. Results indicated that both objective and subjective evaluation showed positive effects of the SSL program on the children's social performance, enhancing their social skills and reducing anxiety behaviors in social situations, both during the program and in the last session. Girls felt more comfortable and showed better speech and social performance than boys. Our findings increase the evidence about the short-term effects of the video-feedback with cognitive preparation of the SSL program and provide a useful transdiagnostic protocol for application in the clinical setting.

6.
Eval Health Prof ; : 163278720979621, 2020 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33334162

RESUMO

Colombia has one of the highest rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and teenage pregnancies among Latin American countries. Knowledge about HIV/AIDS and other STIs has been identified as a factor in promoting healthy sexual behavior. The HIV and Other Sexually Transmitted Infections Knowledge Scale (KSI) is an instrument created in Spain to assess sexual health knowledge in adolescents. In view of the lack of scales that measure this construct in Colombia, this study aims to culturally adapt and validate the KSI for the Colombian adolescent population. The sample was comprised of 866 adolescent school children (458 females and 408 males) aged between 14 and 19 years (M = 15.97, SD = 1.36) from 12 schools in the cities of Bogotá (n = 467) and Barranquilla (n = 400). Results showed good item psychometric properties and adequate discrimination and difficulty indices. Factorial analysis confirmed a five-dimensional factor structure. The indicators of validity showed significant correlations with constructs related on theoretical grounds. In sum, the study presents a valid and reliable scale for evaluating knowledge about HIV and other STIs in Colombian adolescent population.

7.
J Affect Disord ; 279: 617-623, 2020 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33190112

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Internalizing and externalizing problems are widely addressed in research. However, most studies use variable-centred approaches and ignore the possible co-occurrence of both types of symptoms. This study aimed to identify homogeneous groups of children with similar psychological difficulties and strengths, using latent profile analysis as a person-centred approach. METHODS: The parents of 107 Spanish children aged 6 to 8 years completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). RESULTS: The results revealed the existence of four latent groups. The children who belonged to the high difficulties group showed the most severe symptoms in emotional problems, peer problems and hyperactivity. The children classified in the externalizing group showed high levels of hyperactivity, behavioral problems, and emotional problems. On another hand, the internalizing profile grouped children with emotional and peer problems. Finally, the well-adjusted group showed an adequate psychological adjustment in all evaluated variables. High difficulties were associated with lower educational attainment of their parents. LIMITATIONS: Data were reported from a single source of information, father or mother. Also, the socio-demographic variables that were related to each one of the four profiles only considered the age and educational level of the main informant. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that co-occurrence of symptoms is very high in young Spanish children. It is essential to carry out clinical assessments that include both types of symptoms. Considering externalization and internalization as independent and exclusive phenomena can compromise the effectiveness of psychological treatments and preventive programs.

8.
Span J Psychol ; 23: e45, 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33148355

RESUMO

The parent version of the Short Mood and Feelings Questionnaire (SMFQ-P) is a brief 13-item tool for the screening of depression in children from the age of 6 years. Despite the wide use of the SMFQ-P, its psychometric properties and factor structure remain understudied, with few data available for young school-aged children. The objective of this study was to examine for the first time the factorial structure and psychometric properties of the SMFQ-P in a non-clinical sample of Spanish-speaking children aged 6-8 years. Participants were 181 children whose parents completed the Spanish-adapted version of the SMFQ-P along with the parent version of other measures of anxiety and general difficulties and positive attributes. The SMFQ-P demonstrated adequate internal consistency (α = .83) and test-retest reliability over an eight-week period (ICC = .80), and good convergent and divergent validity. Factor analysis confirmed the original 13-item model, thus supporting the unidimensionality of the measure in the Spanish sample. Overall, this study provides initial empirical evidence for the utility of the SMFQ-P with Spanish-speaking children from early school ages, and extends the international support of the measure.

9.
J Affect Disord ; 280(Pt A): 272-278, 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33221712

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Externalizing and internalizing problems are frequent during childhood and are often comorbid. The current study aimed to explore subtypes of strengths and difficulties among Spanish children. METHODS: The Spanish version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire was administered to 325 children (47.1% girls), aged 7-12 years (M = 9.64; SD = 1.34). Latent Class Analysis (LCA) was carried out to identify risk profiles in children according to their symptoms. ANOVA and multinomial logistic regression were performed to explore associations between latent classes and SDQ subscales, gender, age and number of siblings. RESULTS: Five latent classes were found: "high difficulties" (34.2%), "internalizing" (5.2%), "externalizing" (26.5%), "hyperactive" (14.5%), and "well-adjusted" (19.7%). Children belonging to "High difficulties" group showed the highest scores for emotional symptoms, conduct problems, and hyperactivity/inattention. The most prevalent pure profiles were the "externalizing" and "hyperactivity" group, which represent children with elevated behavioral problems, restlessness and distraction. Children in the "internalizing" class showed the highest risk of peer problems. CONCLUSIONS: These results support the diversity in the patterns of psychological strengths and difficulties and highlight the importance of early detection and intervention, especially in children's behavioral problems, in order to avoid vulnerability to comorbidity and more severe symptoms in the future.

10.
Front Psychol ; 11: 579038, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33240167

RESUMO

The COVID-19 quarantine has affected more than 860 million children and adolescents worldwide, but to date, no study has been developed within Western countries to examine the psychological impact on their lives. The present study aims to examine for the first time the emotional impact of the quarantine on children and adolescents from Italy and Spain, two of the countries most affected by COVID-19. Participants were 1,143 parents of Italian and Spanish children aged 3 to 18 years who completed a survey providing information about how the quarantine affects their children and themselves, compared to before the home confinement. Results show that 85.7% of the parents perceived changes in their children's emotional state and behaviors during the quarantine. The most frequent symptoms were difficulty concentrating (76.6%), boredom (52%), irritability (39%), restlessness (38.8%), nervousness (38%), feelings of loneliness (31.3%), uneasiness (30.4%), and worries (30.1%). Spanish parents reported more symptoms than Italians. As expected, children of both countries used monitors more frequently, spent less time doing physical activity, and slept more hours during the quarantine. Furthermore, when family coexistence during quarantine became more difficult, the situation was more serious, and the level of stress was higher, parents tended to report more emotional problems in their children. The quarantine impacts considerably on Italian and Spanish youth, reinforcing the need to detect children with problems as early as possible to improve their psychological well-being.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32918780

RESUMO

Knowing the processes of emotion regulation that children use to respond to stressful situations is essential to analyse the development of psychopathology. The objectives of this research were to study the use of nine cognitive emotion regulation strategies (CERS) in depressed children, compared with nondepressed children, and to analyse their possible mediating effects on the relationship between childhood depression and several areas related to child psychological adjustment. The sample comprised 336 children (46.7% girls) aged 8-12 years. Participants completed measures on depression symptoms (Child Depression Inventory), psychological strengths and difficulties (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire) and CERS (Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire for Spanish kids). Correlations and multiple regression analyses were conducted to test whether CERS and child gender and age predicted child depression. Mediation analyses were run to identify the CERS that mediate the relationship between depression and daily psychological adjustment. On multiple regression, children who score higher in self-blame (ß = .18, p < .01), catastrophizing (ß = .24, p < .001), and other-blame (ß = .14, p ≤ .01) but lower in positive reappraisal (ß = -.15, p ≤ .01) and females (ß = .10, p < .05) were more likely to present higher scores in depression. The maladaptive CERS "other-blame" mediated a positive relationship between depression and conduct problems and between depression and peer problems. Other-blame mediated a negative relationship between depression and prosocial behaviour. In conclusion, this research provides evidence of which specific CERS mediate the emergence of psychopathology in vulnerable children, and provides clues for the proper orientation of psychological interventions in childhood.

12.
Rev. psicol. clín. niños adolesc ; 7(3): 27-34, sept. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-195036

RESUMO

El confinamiento por la COVID-19 y el estrés asociado pueden afectar al bienestar infantil. Debido a lo reciente de esta situación, son limitados los estudios relacionados. Este trabajo tuvo como objetivo principal describir en qué medida la situación de confinamiento afectó a los niños en su conducta, problemas de sueño y bienestar emocional. Un segundo objetivo fue identificar variables protectoras que puedan servir para paliar posibles efectos negativos por la situación en los niños. Un tercer objetivo fue estudiar la posible relación entre la percepción de gravedad y controlabilidad de los padres y las reacciones negativas en sus hijos. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 113 participantes españoles (70.5% mujeres) con hijos entre 3 y 12 años (51.8% niños). Los padres respondieron a un cuestionario online sobre las rutinas de los hijos durante la cuarentena, su bienestar emocional, problemas de sueño y su conducta. El 69.6% de los padres informaron que, durante el confinamiento, sus hijos presentaron reacciones emocionales negativas, el 31.3% problemas en el sueño y el 24.1% problemas de conducta. Los niños que invertían menos tiempo en el ejercicio físico y hacían mayor uso de pantallas presentaron un mayor número de reacciones negativas. Los niños con padres que hacían mayor uso de medidas de seguridad presentaron menos reacciones negativas. La percepción de riesgo y la gravedad de la situación por la COVID-19 no se relacionaron con las reacciones de los niños. Los datos sugieren que realizar ejercicio físico regular y limitar el uso diario de pantallas puede beneficiar a la salud mental infantil en situaciones de aislamiento


Due to the recent nature of this situation, related studies are limited. The main objective of this paper was to describe the extent to which the confinement situation affected children's behavior, sleep problems and emotional well-being. A second objective was to identify protective variables that could serve to mitigate possible negative effects of the situation on children. A third objective was to study the possible relationship between parents' perception of severity and controllability and negative reactions in their children. The sample was composed of 113 Spanish participants (70.5% women) with children between 3 and 12 years old (51.8% children). The parents answered an online questionnaire about their children's routines during quarantine, their emotional well-being, sleep problems and their behavioral. The 69.6% of the parents reported that, during confinement, their children presented negative emotional reactions, 31.3% sleep problems and 24.1% behavioral problems. Children who invested less time in physical exercise and made more use of screens had a greater number of negative reactions. Children with parents who made greater use of safety measures presented fewer negative reactions. The perception of risk and the seriousness of the situation due to COVID-19 were not related to the reactions of the children. The data suggest that regular physical exercise and limiting daily screen use may benefit children's mental health in situations of isolation


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/psicologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Distância Social , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais
13.
Rev. psicol. clín. niños adolesc ; 7(3): 88-93, sept. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-195044

RESUMO

As this is the first time that a pandemic has occurred in our recent history, preventive interventions for children ́s emotional problems during confinement were not planned. A main goal of Super Skills for Life Program (SSL) is to provide children with skills to build emotional resilience and coping strategies for daily and difficult life situations, so examining how the program may help children to face the COVID-19 situation could be appropriate. The aim of this research was to compare parents' perception of immediate psychological reactions to confinement and coping styles in children who received the SSL program before home confinement (n = 48) with an equivalent sample of children who did not attend the program (n = 48). Another objective was to study the relationship between children's immediate psychological reactions to confinement and their coping styles. Parents (n = 96) completed an online survey providing information on sociodemographic variables, children's immediate psychological reactions (anxiety/activation, mood, sleep, behavioral alterations, eating and cognitive alterations), and children's coping styles (task-oriented, emotion-oriented, and avoidance-oriented strategies). Results indicated that the control group presented more symptoms of anxiety (p ≤ .001), worse mood (p ≤ .001), more sleep problems (p ≤ .01), and more cognitive alterations (p ≤ .01) during home confinement than children who received the program. Children in the control group were also more likely to use emotion-oriented strategies (p = .001), which were associated with presenting more psychological alterations. Although the SSL program was not created specifically for coping with the COVID-19 situation, it seems to provide children with skills to cope with this unexpected event


Puesto que ésta es la primera vez que ocurre una pandemia en nuestra historia reciente, no ha sido posible planificar intervenciones para prevenir los problemas emocionales infantiles durante el confinamiento. Un objetivo principal del programa Super Skills for Life (SSL) es proporcionar a los niños habilidades para desarrollar resiliencia emocional y hacer frente a situaciones diarias y difíciles en su vida, por lo que parece interesante examinar cómo el programa podría ayudar a los niños a afrontar la situación del COVID-19. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar el impacto psicológico durante el confinamiento y los estilos de afrontamiento de los niños que recibieron el programa SSL antes del confinamiento (n = 48), en comparación con una muestra equivalente de niños que no habían recibido el programa (n = 48). La información se obtuvo a través de los padres (n = 96), quienes respondieron a unos cuestionarios online sobre variables sociodemográficas, reacciones psicológicas de los niños (ansiedad/activación, estado de ánimo, sueño, alteraciones conductuales, cambios en la alimentación y alteraciones cognitivas) y estilos de afrontamiento (orientados a la tarea, a la emoción y a la evitación). Los resultados indicaron que durante el confinamiento el grupo control presentó más síntomas de ansiedad (p ≤ .001), peor estado de ánimo (p ≤ .001), más problemas de sueño (p ≤ .01) y más alteraciones cognitivas (p ≤ .01), que los niños que recibieron el programa. Los niños del grupo control también eran más propensos a utilizar estrategias orientadas a la emoción (p = .001), que se asociaron con más alteraciones psicológicas. Aunque el programa SSL no se creó específicamente para hacer frente a la situación del COVID-19, parece proporcionar a los niños habilidades para hacer frente a este evento inesperado


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Psicoterapia/métodos , Ajustamento Emocional/classificação , Transtornos de Adaptação/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica/classificação , Avaliação de Resultado de Intervenções Terapêuticas , Medo/psicologia , Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Distância Social , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos
14.
Span J Psychol ; 23: e24, 2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32600483

RESUMO

Self-consciousness development takes place mainly in adolescence because the brain undergoes certain structural changes that facilitate abstract thinking and metacognition, thus favoring the development of identity. Despite the importance of self-consciousness for mental health, there are no specific measurement instruments for Spanish adolescents. The objective of this study was to explore the dimensions of self-consciousness among Spanish adolescents aged between 13 and 18 years and validate the Chinese Adolescent Self-Consciousness Questionnaire (ASC) in this population. A second-order confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted in accordance with previous validations of the ASC, using R Studio and the Lavaan package, to test its adequacy in a Spanish sample. Internal consistency and temporal stability were also tested, and evidence of validity was found. The results showed a good fit to the model eliminating four items with poor fit indices, CFI = .90, TLI = .89, RMSEA = .078, 95% CI [.076, .080]. Higher self-consciousness was associated with greater self-esteem and lower depressive symptomatology. No significant gender differences were found. This study provides a valid measure to evaluate self-consciousness in Spanish adolescents. The relationship established between self-consciousness and anxiety and depression requires further study as self-consciousness is involved in the development and maintenance of adolescent psychopathology.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32610692

RESUMO

The HIV Attitudes Scale (HIV-AS) evaluates attitudes towards different aspects of HIV. In view of the lack of scales measuring this construct in Colombia, this study sought to validate the HIV-AS test for adolescents from Colombia. A total of 867 Colombian students, aged between 14 and 19 years (M = 15.97 years; SD = 1.37) were evaluated. Participants responded to the HIV-AS test and a set of scales used to assess external validity. Content validity analyses reflected good adequacy indices for the items. Exploratory factor analyses revealed a four-factor structure and reliability indices were satisfactory. The structural equation model showed good levels of fit. Most of the items presented a discrimination index above 0.30 and contributed to the reliability of the scale, except for item 9, which was eliminated. Concurrent validity showed significant correlations among the HIV-AS and other similar constructs. A reliable measurement of attitudes toward HIV allows for an improved assessment of the risk associated with exposure to sexually transmitted infections in adolescent populations.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Adolescente , Adulto , Atitude , Colômbia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32521665

RESUMO

This study aimed to examine differences in gender, age, and psychopathology, according to the perfectionism level, and to analyze how perfectionism dimensions contribute to the development of psychological strengths and difficulties in children. Participants were 319 Spanish students (52.4% girls) between 7 and 11 years old (M = 9.38, SD = 1.15). Children completed self-reported measures of perfectionism and psychological strengths and difficulties. The sample was divided into groups based on the perfectionism level (high, medium, and low). A one-way ANOVA (Analysis of variance), t-test, Pearson correlations, and 3-step hierarchical regression analyses were run. Results showed that 27.6% of the children belonged to the high perfectionism group, characterized by an elevated Socially Prescribed Perfectionism (SPP). Compared to girls, boys presented higher scores in all perfectionism measures. The younger children presented higher SPP and lower Self-oriented Perfectionism-Critical (SOP-Critical) than the older group. High perfectionism was related to psychological problems. The SOP-Critical increased the likelihood of developing emotional symptoms and total difficulties, and SPP was associated with behavioral and peer problems. In contrast, Self-oriented Perfectionism-Striving (SOP-Striving) was related to greater prosocial behavior. This research has important implications for the design of transdiagnostic strategies targeting the prevention and intervention of psychological difficulties in schoolchildren.


Assuntos
Perfeccionismo , Análise de Variância , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Probabilidade , Análise de Regressão , Estudantes
18.
Rev. psicol. clín. niños adolesc ; 7(2): 9-15, mayo 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-193688

RESUMO

Super Skills for Life (SSL) is a transdiagnostic program of Anglo-Saxon origin based on cognitive behavioural therapy, aimed at treating emotional problems in children. It has been translated and implemented in the Spanish population, achieving significant reductions in anxious and depressive symptoms. The objective of the current study was to examine the short- and long-term efficacy of SSL in schoolchildren with separation anxiety. The program was attended by 86 Spanish-speaking children aged 8-12 years, who were evaluated before receiving the intervention, immediately after and 12 months later. Results indicated statistically significant improvements both in the main problem, separation anxiety and other comorbid symp-toms or problems (depression, behaviour problems, problems with peers, interference of anxiety in daily life, etc.). Overall, the results show that the program was more effective in the long-term than in the short-term. The findings of the study suggest that SSL can be useful for treating emotional problems in children with separation anxiety. Clinical implications of these findings are discussed


Super Skills for Life (SSL) es un programa transdiagnóstico de origen anglosajón basado en la terapia cognitiva conductual, dirigido a tratar problemas emocionales infantiles. Se ha traducido e implementado en población española, logrando reducciones significativas en síntomas de ansiedad y depresión. El objetivo del presente estudio fue examinar la eficacia a corto y largo plazo de SSL en escolares con ansiedad por separación. Participaron 86 niños hispanohablantes de 8 a 12 años, que fueron evaluados antes de recibir la intervención, inmediatamente después y 12 meses después. Los resultados indicaron mejoras estadísticamente significativas tanto en el problema principal, la ansiedad por separación, como en otros síntomas o problemas comórbidos (depresión, problemas de comportamiento, problemas con los compañeros, interferencia de ansiedad en la vida diaria, etc.). En general, los resultados muestran que el programa fue más efectivo a largo plazo que a corto plazo. Los hallazgos del estudio sugieren que SSL puede ser útil para tratar problemas emocionales en niños con ansiedad por separación. Se discuten las implicaciones prácticas de estos hallazgos


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Ansiedade de Separação/psicologia , Ansiedade de Separação/terapia , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Psicothema (Oviedo) ; 32(2): 229-236, mayo 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-197262

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Super Skills for Life (SSL) is an innovative transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioral prevention program that has demonstrated positive results targeting children's internalizing problems. SSL has a strong component aimed at enhancing social competence, including strategies such as video-feedback with cognitive preparation. This study examined for the first time the immediate impact of SSL on improving social skills in young children with anxiety symptoms, as well as mediating factors predicting SSL anxiety outcomes. METHOD: Participants were 67 Spanish-speaking children aged 6-8 years old. Children were video-recorded and assessed behaviorally through a 2 minute speech task, before and after the 8-session program. RESULTS: The results revealed significant positive behavioral changes related to children' social skills in several domains. Depression acted as a mediator of change in pre- to post-intervention generalized anxiety scores. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides initial support for the usefulness of SSL to immediately improve social skills in young children with anxiety symptoms


ANTECEDENTES: Super Skills for Life (SSL) es un programa de prevención transdiagnóstico cognitivo-conductual innovador que ha demostrado resultados positivos en el abordaje de problemas internalizantes en niños. SSL tiene un fuerte componente dirigido a mejorar la competencia social, incluyendo estrategias como la retroalimentación en vídeo con preparación cognitiva. Este estudio examinó por primera vez el impacto inmediato de SSL en la mejora de las habilidades sociales en niños pequeños con síntomas de ansiedad, así como los factores mediadores que predicen los resultados de ansiedad de SSL. MÉTODO: los participantes fueron 67 niños hispanohablantes de entre 6 y 8 años de edad. Los niños fueron grabados en vídeo y evaluados en su comportamiento a través de una tarea de habla de 2 minutos, antes y después de las 8 sesiones del programa. RESULTADOS: los resultados revelaron cambios de comportamiento positivos significativos relacionados con las habilidades sociales de los niños en varios ámbitos. La variable depresión actuó como mediadora del cambio en las puntuaciones de ansiedad generalizada antes y después de la intervención. CONCLUSIONES: este estudio proporciona apoyo inicial a la utilidad de SSL para mejorar de forma inmediata a su aplicación las habilidades sociales en niños pequeños con síntomas de ansiedad


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Retroalimentação , Habilidades Sociais , Gravação em Vídeo , Depressão/prevenção & controle , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos
20.
Prev Med Rep ; 18: 101090, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32322460

RESUMO

A common practice among clinical psychologists and other health professionals is the use of school-based sexual health promotion programs as a means for preventing sexually transmitted infections. A fundamental criterion for the designing and adaptation of these programs is the age of their target populations because limited education and language are the most relevant factors that limit the efficacy of these programs. The contribution of this paper consists of assessing both the readability of the written materials that accompany the contents of a Spanish-written school-based sexual health promotion program used in Colombia, as well as the words co-occurrence network structure of its contents. The readability of the evaluated program corresponded to its intended target population aged between 14 and 19, with the schooling of 9-13 years of education. The resulting words co-occurrence network structure of the COMPAS program also mirrored its theoretical content. These results all together are deemed as empirical evidence of the adequacy of the program.

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