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1.
Rev. cient. (Guatem.) ; 29(2)21 de oct. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol, Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1123347

RESUMO

Las tortugas marinas pasan toda su vida en el océano, regresando a las playas únicamente en el momento en el que anidan. La parlama (Lepidochelys olivacea) es una de las especies que anida frecuentemente en el Pacífico de Guatemala. Sin embargo, hace falta información tanto de generalidades de los nidos de parlama como de la biología de anidación de las mismas en el país. Es por eso que se buscó: 1) determinar si existe una relación entre el tamaño de la parlama (ancho curvo del caparazón) y el número de huevos puestos en cada nido; y 2) de explorar el tipo de relación existente entre el tamaño de la parlama (ancho curvo de caparazón) y el número de huevos con el momento (día dentro de la temporada) donde los huevos fueron puestos. Este estudio fue de orden descriptivo y exploratorio, en donde se midió a 74 hembras que anidaron de junio a octubre del 2017 en el Área Protegida de Usos Múltiples Hawaii, Departamento de Santa Rosa. Cabe resaltar que en Guatemala no hay datos cualitativos ni cuantitativos sobre tortugas anidadoras, por lo que es el primer estudio de esta naturaleza. Se obtuvo un tamaño promedio (desviación estándar) del ancho curvo del caparazón de 70.7cm (Desviación estándar: 2.60), IC 95 % [63 a 77cm] y un promedio de 92 huevos (D.E: 15.67), IC 95 % [59 a 120 huevos] puestos por nido. Se desarrolló un modelo lineal generalizado (3.715e+00x + 1.670e-04 -4.932e-06; p= 1.12e-3; AICc=617.14), demostrando que el ancho curvo del caparazón de la tortuga anidadora y la fecha en la que los huevos fueron puestos tienen una relación directa con el número de huevos puestos por cada tortuga anidadora. El ancho curvo del caparazón presenta una relación directa con el número de huevos. Mientras que el momento de anidación (día) presenta un efecto polinomial de segundo orden, lo cual lleva a un incremento en el número de huevos conforme avanza la temporada de anidación, y resulta en un pico a la mitad de la temporada de anidación con un patrón de descenso hacia el final de la misma.


Sea turtles spend their entire lives in the ocean, returning to the beaches only at the time they nest. The olive ridley (Lepidochelys olivacea) is one of the species that frequently nest in the Pacific of Guatemala. However, information is needed on both the generalities of sea turtle nesting behavior and the nesting biology of the turtles in the country, so it was sought to 1) determine the relationship between the size of the turtle and the number of eggs in each nest; and 2) explore what type of relationship exists between the size of the turtle and the number of eggs, with the moment (day during the nesting season) when the eggs were layed. This first descriptive and exploratory study measured 74 females that nested between the months of June to October in 2017 in the Multiple Use Area Hawaii, Santa Rosa, Guatemala. An average carapace width of 70.7cm (Standar deviation: 2.60; 95% CI of [63 to 77cm]) was obtained and an average of 92 eggs (SD: 15.67; 95% CI of [59 to 120]) per nest. A Generalized Linear Model was made and demonstrated that the width of the carapace of the nesting female and the date on which the eggs were laid have a direct relationship with the number of eggs laid by each nesting turtle (3.715e+00x + 1.670e-04 -4.932e-06; p= 1.12e-3 ; AICc=617.14). The width of the carapace has a direct relationship with the number of eggs, while the moment (day during nesting season) has a second-order polynomial effect, which leads to an increase in the number of eggs as the nesting season progresses, and results in a peak half of the nesting season with a pattern of decline towards the end of it.

2.
PeerJ ; 8: e8451, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32181050

RESUMO

Temperature-dependent sex determination, or TSD, is a widespread phenomenon in reptiles. The shape of the relationship between constant incubation temperature and sex ratio defines the TSD pattern. The TSD pattern is considered a life-history parameter important for conservation because the wider the range of temperatures producing both sexes, the more resilient the species is to climate change impacts. We review the different published equations and methodologies that have been used to model TSD patterns. We describe a new flexible model that allows for an asymmetrical pattern around the pivotal temperature, which is the constant temperature producing both sexes in equal proportions. We show that Metropolis-Hastings with Markov chain produced by a Monte Carlo process has many advantages compared to maximum likelihood and is preferred. Finally, we apply the models to results from incubation experiments using eggs from the marine turtle Lepidochelys olivacea originating in Northeast Indian, East Pacific, and West Atlantic Regional Management Units (RMUs) and find large differences in pivotal temperatures but not in transitional ranges of temperatures.

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