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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35562529

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We evaluated the prognostic value of immunotherapy-induced organ inflammation observed on 18FDG PET in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICPIs). METHODS: Data from patients with IIIB/IV NSCLC included in two different prospective trials were analyzed. 18FDG PET/CT exams were performed at baseline (PETBaseline) and repeated after 7-8 weeks (PETInterim1) and 12-16 weeks (PETInterim2) of treatment, using iPERCIST for tumor response evaluation. The occurrence of abnormal organ 18FDG uptake, deemed to be due to ICPI-related organ inflammation, was collected. RESULTS: Exploratory cohort (Nice, France): PETInterim1 and PETInterim2 revealed the occurrence of at least one ICPI-induced organ inflammation in 72.8% of patients, including midgut/hindgut inflammation (33.7%), gastritis (21.7%), thyroiditis (18.5%), pneumonitis (17.4%), and other organ inflammations (9.8%). iPERCIST tumor response was associated with improved progression-free survival (p < 0.001). iPERCIST tumor response and immuno-induced gastritis assessed on PET were both associated with improved overall survival (OS) (p < 0.001 and p = 0.032). Combining these two independent variables, we built a model predicting patients' 2-year OS with a sensitivity of 80.3% and a specificity of 69.2% (AUC = 72.7). Validation cohort (Genova, Italy): Immuno-induced gastritis (19.6% of patients) was associated with improved OS (p = 0.04). The model built previously predicted 2-year OS with a sensitivity and specificity of 72.0% and 63.6% (AUC = 70.7) and 3-year OS with a sensitivity and specificity of 69.2% and 80.0% (AUC = 78.2). CONCLUSION: Immuno-induced gastritis revealed by early interim 18FDG PET in around 20% of patients with NSCLC treated with ICPI is a novel and reproducible imaging biomarker of improved OS.

2.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 881551, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35492341

RESUMO

Breast cancer is one of the most common malignancies in women, with high morbidity and mortality rates. In breast cancer, the use of novel radiopharmaceuticals in nuclear medicine can improve the accuracy of diagnosis and staging, refine surveillance strategies and accuracy in choosing personalized treatment approaches, including radioligand therapy. Nuclear medicine thus shows great promise for improving the quality of life of breast cancer patients by allowing non-invasive assessment of the diverse and complex biological processes underlying the development of breast cancer and its evolution under therapy. This review aims to describe molecular probes currently in clinical use as well as those under investigation holding great promise for personalized medicine and precision oncology in breast cancer.

3.
Cancers (Basel) ; 14(7)2022 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35406515

RESUMO

The multicentric retrospective BIO-Ra study combined inflammatory indices from peripheral blood and clinical factors in a composite prognostic score for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer patients receiving Radium-223 (Ra-223). In the present study, we evaluated (i) the prognostic power of the BIO-Ra score in the framework of the restricted use of Ra-223 promoted by the European Medicines Agency in 2018; (ii) the treatment completion prediction of the BIO-Ra score. Four hundred ninety-four patients from the BIO-Ra cohort were divided into three risk classes according to the BIO-Ra score to predict the treatment completion rate (p < 0.001 among all the three groups). Patients receiving Ra-223 after restriction (89/494) were at later stages of the disease compared with the pre-restriction cohort (405/494), as a higher percentage of BIO-Ra high-risk classes (46.1% vs. 34.6%) and lower median Overall survival (12.4 vs. 23.7 months, p < 0.001) was observed. Despite this clinically relevant difference, BIO-Ra classes still predicted divergent treatment completion rates in the post-restriction subgroup (72%, 52.2%, and 46.3% of patients belonging to low-, intermediate-, and high-risk classes, respectively). Although the restricted use has increased patients at higher risk with unfavourable outcome after Ra-223 treatment, the BIO-Ra score maintains its prognostic value.

4.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 2022 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35404273

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neuropsychological assessment is still the basis for the first evaluation of patients with cognitive complaints. The Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test (FCSRT) generates several indices that could have different accuracy in the differential diagnosis between Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other disorders. OBJECTIVE: In a consecutive series of naturalistic patients, the accuracy of the FCSRT indices in differentiating patients with either mild cognitive impairment (MCI) due to AD or AD dementia from other competing conditions was evaluated. METHODS: We evaluated the accuracy of the seven FCSRT indices in differentiating patients with AD from other competing conditions in 434 consecutive outpatients, either at the MCI or at the early dementia stage. We analyzed these data through the receiver operating characteristics curve, and we then generated the odds-ratio map of the two indices with the best discriminative value between pairs of disorders. RESULTS: The immediate and the delayed free total recall, the immediate total recall, and the index of sensitivity of cueing were the most useful indices and allowed to distinguish AD from dementia with Lewy bodies and psychiatric conditions with very high accuracy. Accuracy was instead moderate in distinguishing AD from behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia, vascular cognitive impairment, and other conditions. CONCLUSION: By using odd-ratio maps and comparison-customized cut-off scores, we confirmed that the FCSRT represents a useful tool to characterize the memory performance of patients with MCI and thus to assist the clinician in the diagnosis process, though with different accuracy values depending on the clinical hypothesis.

5.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 11(4)2022 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35453447

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The redox stress caused by Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) also involves the peripheral blood mononucleated cells (PBMCs) even before chemotherapy. Here, we tested whether lymphocytes and monocytes show a different response to the increased mitochondrial generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). METHODS: PBMCs, isolated from the blood of treatment-naïve HL patients and control subjects, underwent assessment of malondialdehyde content and enzymatic activity of both hexose- and glucose-6P dehydrogenase (H6PD and G6PD) as well as flow cytometric analysis of mitochondrial ROS content. These data were complemented by evaluating the uptake of the fluorescent glucose analogue 2-NBDG that is selectively stored within the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). RESULTS: Malondialdehyde content was increased in the whole population of HL PBMCs. The oxidative damage matched an increased activity of G6PD, and even more of H6PD, that trigger the cytosolic and ER pentose phosphate pathways, respectively. At flow cytometry, the number of recovered viable cells was selectively decreased in HL lymphocytes that also showed a more pronounced increase in mitochondrial ROS generation and 2-NBDG uptake, with respect to monocytes. CONCLUSIONS: PBMCs of HL patients display a selective mitochondrial and ER redox stress most evident in lymphocytes already before the exposure to chemotherapy toxicity.

6.
Biomedicines ; 10(3)2022 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35327346

RESUMO

Theory of mind (ToM, the ability to attribute mental states to others) deficit is a frequent finding in neurodegenerative conditions, mediated by a diffuse brain network confirmed by 18F-FDG-PET and MR imaging, involving frontal, temporal and parietal areas. However, the role of hubs and spokes network regions in ToM performance, and their respective damage, is still unclear. To study this mechanism, we combined ToM testing with brain 18F-FDG-PET imaging in 25 subjects with mild cognitive impairment due to Alzheimer's disease (MCI-AD), 24 subjects with the behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) and 40 controls. Regions included in the ToM network were divided into hubs and spokes based on their structural connectivity and distribution of hypometabolism. The hubs of the ToM network were identified in frontal regions in both bvFTD and MCI-AD patients. A mediation analysis revealed that the impact of spokes damage on ToM performance was mediated by the integrity of hubs (p < 0.001), while the impact of hubs damage on ToM performance was independent from the integrity of spokes (p < 0.001). Our findings support the theory that a key role is played by the hubs in ToM deficits, suggesting that hubs could represent a final common pathway leading from the damage of spoke regions to clinical deficits.

7.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 12(3)2022 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35328134

RESUMO

The role of 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-D-glucose Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography (FDG PET/CT) in the management of prostate cancer (PCa) patients is increasingly recognised. However, its clinical role is still controversial. Many published studies showed that FDG PET/CT might have a prognostic value in the metastatic castration-resistant phase of the disease, but its role in other settings of PCa and, more importantly, its impact on final clinical management remains to be further investigated. We describe a series of six representative clinical cases of PCa in different clinical settings, but all characterised by a measurable clinical impact of FDG PET/CT on the patients' management. Starting from their clinical history, we report a concise narrative literature review on the advantages and limitations of FDG PET/CT beyond its prognostic value in PCa. What emerges is that in selected cases, this imaging technique may represent a useful tool in managing PCa patients. However, in the absence of dedicated studies to define the optimal clinical setting of its application, no standard recommendations on its use in PCa patients can be made.

9.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 12(2)2022 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35204596

RESUMO

Purpose To evaluate the role of 2-[18F]FDGPET/CT in the follow-up of radioiodine refractory thyroid cancer (RR-TC). Methods Forty-six 2-[18F]FDGPET/CT scans from 14 RR-TC patients were considered. Thyroid function tests: thyroglobulin (Tg), levothyroxine (LT4), and tyrosine-kinases inhibitors (TKIs) assumptions were recorded. Metabolic tumour volume (MTV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) were calculated from each scan and correlated with clinical parameters and the overall survival (OS). Results Baseline TLG and MTV predicted OS (p = 0.027 and p = 0.035), and negative correlation with OS was also confirmed when the same parameters were measured in follow-up scans (p = 0.015 and p = 0.021). Tg also correlated with the OS; (p = 0.014; p = 0.019 and p = 0.009). However, TLG and MTV were not significantly correlated with Tg levels. MTV and TLG variation in time were reduced during TKI therapy (p = 0.045 and p = 0.013). Conclusions 2-[18F]FDGPET/CT confirmed its prognostic role at the first assessment and during the follow-up of RR-TC patients. 2-[18F]FDGPET/CT parameters seem at least partially independent from Tg. TKI therapy resulted in a measurable effect on the variation of 2-[18F]FDGPET/CT parameters over time.

10.
Ann Nucl Med ; 36(4): 373-383, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35044592

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Androgen deprivation therapy alters body composition promoting a significant loss in skeletal muscle (SM) mass through inflammation and oxidative damage. We verified whether SM anthropometric composition and metabolism are associated with unfavourable overall survival (OS) in a retrospective cohort of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients submitted to 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography (FDG PET/CT) imaging before receiving Radium-223. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Low-dose CT were opportunistically analysed using a cross-sectional approach to calculate SM and adipose tissue areas at the third lumbar vertebra level. Moreover, a 3D computational method was used to extract psoas muscles to evaluate their volume, Hounsfield Units (HU) and FDG retention estimated by the standardized uptake value (SUV). Baseline established clinical, lab and imaging prognosticators were also recorded. RESULTS: SM area predicted OS at univariate analysis. However, this capability was not additive to the power of mean HU and maximum SUV of psoas muscles volume. These factors were thus combined in the Attenuation Metabolic Index (AMI) whose power was tested in a novel uni- and multivariable model. While Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA), Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP), Lactate Dehydrogenase and Hemoglobin, Metabolic Tumor Volume, Total Lesion Glycolysis and AMI were associated with long-term OS at the univariate analyses, only PSA, ALP and AMI resulted in independent prognosticator at the multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: The present data suggest that assessing individual 'patients' SM metrics through an opportunistic operator-independent computational analysis of FDG PET/CT imaging provides prognostic insights in mCRPC patients candidates to receive Radium-223.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração , Rádio (Elemento) , Antagonistas de Androgênios/uso terapêutico , Benchmarking , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Prognóstico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/radioterapia , Rádio (Elemento)/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 49(6): 1939-1950, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34984501

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Hyposmia is a common feature of COVID-19 and Parkinson's disease (PD). As parkinsonism has been reported after COVID-19, a link has been hypothesized between SARS-CoV2 infection and PD. We aimed to evaluate brain metabolic correlates of isolated persistent hyposmia after mild-to-moderate COVID-19 and to compare them with metabolic signature of hyposmia in drug-naïve PD patients. METHODS: Forty-four patients who experienced hyposmia after SARS-COV2 infection underwent brain [18F]-FDG PET in the first 6 months after recovery. Olfaction was assessed by means of the 16-item "Sniffin' Sticks" test and patients were classified as with or without persistent hyposmia (COVID-hyposmia and COVID-no-hyposmia respectively). Brain [18F]-FDG PET of post-COVID subgroups were compared in SPM12. COVID-hyposmia patients were also compared with eighty-two drug-naïve PD patients with hyposmia. Multiple regression analysis was used to identify correlations between olfactory test scores and brain metabolism in patients' subgroups. RESULTS: COVID-hyposmia patients (n = 21) exhibited significant hypometabolism in the bilateral gyrus rectus and orbitofrontal cortex with respect to COVID-non-hyposmia (n = 23) (p < 0.002) and in middle and superior temporal gyri, medial/middle frontal gyri, and right insula with respect to PD-hyposmia (p < 0.012). With respect to COVID-hyposmia, PD-hyposmia patients showed hypometabolism in inferior/middle occipital gyri and cuneus bilaterally. Olfactory test scores were directly correlated with metabolism in bilateral rectus and medial frontal gyri and in the right middle temporal and anterior cingulate gyri in COVID-hyposmia patients (p < 0.006) and with bilateral cuneus/precuneus and left lateral occipital cortex in PD-hyposmia patients (p < 0.004). CONCLUSION: Metabolic signature of persistent hyposmia after COVID-19 encompasses cortical regions involved in olfactory perception and does not overlap metabolic correlates of hyposmia in PD.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Transtornos do Olfato , Doença de Parkinson , Anosmia , COVID-19/complicações , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Transtornos do Olfato/complicações , Transtornos do Olfato/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença de Parkinson/complicações , Doença de Parkinson/diagnóstico por imagem , RNA Viral , SARS-CoV-2 , Olfato
12.
Eur J Radiol Open ; 9: 100394, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35059473

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The partial volume effect (PVE) complicates PET studies of neurodegenerative diseases, since a decreased 18F-FDG retention might be influenced by atrophy-related changes of cortical regions. Multiple partial volume correction (PVC) methods have been therefore developed, but their application in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is still rare. Additionally, even if metabolic changes have been established in ALS, no study yet has investigated how these may be influenced by aging and disease course. The aim of the present study was therefore to apply and compare multiple PVC approaches to explore aging and disease course-related hypometabolism in ALS. METHODS: PET and MRI data from 15 ALS patients were analyzed using PETSurfer to implement 4 distinct PVC methods: noPVC, Meltzer (MZ), Müller-Gärtner (MG) and Symmetric Geometric Transfer Matrix (SGTM). For each method and Region of Interest (ROI), the 18F-FDG value was regressed against subject age and disease duration. RESULTS: MG/SGTM application almost halved the number of regions showing a significant age-related hypometabolism, while the same effect was not observed for disease course, where only the distribution of identified regions varied. Three distinct patterns emerged: regions showing a significant age/disease course-related effect across all the different methods, regions yielding significance only with MG/SGTM application, and regions maintaining significance only with noPVC/MZ application. CONCLUSIONS: Significant changes in the distribution of aging and disease course-related hypometabolism were observed when the effect of the underlying structural status was considered, supporting the need for investigate the impact of PVE on PET-assessed metabolic changes in clinical and research settings.

13.
Neurol Sci ; 43(4): 2531-2536, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34586541

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbances are common non-motor symptoms of Parkinson's Disease (PD). METHODS: The aim of this study was to investigate the polysomnographic correlates of sleep changes, as investigated by the Parkinson's Disease Sleep Scale-2 (PDSS-2), in a cohort of sixty-two consecutive de novo, drug naïve PD patients (71.40 ± 7.84 y/o). RESULTS: PDSS-2 total score showed a direct correlation with stage shifts (p = 0.008). Fragmented sleep showed an inverse correlation with sleep efficiency (p = 0.012). Insomnia symptoms showed an inverse correlation with wake after sleep onset (p = 0.005) and direct correlation with periodic leg movements (p = 0.006) and stage shift indices (p = 0.003). Motor Symptoms showed a direct correlation with Apnoea-Hypopnoea (AHI; p = 0.02) and awakenings indices (p = 0.003). Dream distressing showed a direct correlation with REM without atonia (RWA, p = 0.042) and an inverse correlation with AHI (p = 0.012). Sleep quality showed an inverse correlation with RWA (p = 0.008). CONCLUSION: PDSS-2 features are significantly correlated with polysomnography objective findings, thus further supporting its reliability to investigate sleep disturbances in PD patients.


Assuntos
Doença de Parkinson , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , Humanos , Doença de Parkinson/complicações , Polissonografia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sono , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/diagnóstico , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/etiologia
14.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 49(4): 1263-1274, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34651219

RESUMO

PURPOSE: FDG-PET is an established supportive biomarker in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), but its diagnostic accuracy is unknown at the mild cognitive impairment (MCI-LB) stage when the typical metabolic pattern may be difficultly recognized at the individual level. Semiquantitative analysis of scans could enhance accuracy especially in less skilled readers, but its added role with respect to visual assessment in MCI-LB is still unknown. METHODS: We assessed the diagnostic accuracy of visual assessment of FDG-PET by six expert readers, blind to diagnosis, in discriminating two matched groups of patients (40 with prodromal AD (MCI-AD) and 39 with MCI-LB), both confirmed by in vivo biomarkers. Readers were provided in a stepwise fashion with (i) maps obtained by the univariate single-subject voxel-based analysis (VBA) with respect to a control group of 40 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects, and (ii) individual odds ratio (OR) plots obtained by the volumetric regions of interest (VROI) semiquantitative analysis of the two main hypometabolic clusters deriving from the comparison of MCI-AD and MCI-LB groups in the two directions, respectively. RESULTS: Mean diagnostic accuracy of visual assessment was 76.8 ± 5.0% and did not significantly benefit from adding the univariate VBA map reading (77.4 ± 8.3%) whereas VROI-derived OR plot reading significantly increased both accuracy (89.7 ± 2.3%) and inter-rater reliability (ICC 0.97 [0.96-0.98]), regardless of the readers' expertise. CONCLUSION: Conventional visual reading of FDG-PET is moderately accurate in distinguishing between MCI-LB and MCI-AD, and is not significantly improved by univariate single-subject VBA but by a VROI analysis built on macro-regions, allowing for high accuracy independent of reader skills.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Disfunção Cognitiva , Doença por Corpos de Lewy , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Disfunção Cognitiva/metabolismo , Fluordesoxiglucose F18/metabolismo , Humanos , Doença por Corpos de Lewy/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença por Corpos de Lewy/metabolismo , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
15.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 49(2): 632-651, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34882261

RESUMO

The present procedural guidelines summarize the current views of the EANM Neuro-Imaging Committee (NIC). The purpose of these guidelines is to assist nuclear medicine practitioners in making recommendations, performing, interpreting, and reporting results of [18F]FDG-PET imaging of the brain. The aim is to help achieve a high-quality standard of [18F]FDG brain imaging and to further increase the diagnostic impact of this technique in neurological, neurosurgical, and psychiatric practice. The present document replaces a former version of the guidelines that have been published in 2009. These new guidelines include an update in the light of advances in PET technology such as the introduction of digital PET and hybrid PET/MR systems, advances in individual PET semiquantitative analysis, and current broadening clinical indications (e.g., for encephalitis and brain lymphoma). Further insight has also become available about hyperglycemia effects in patients who undergo brain [18F]FDG-PET. Accordingly, the patient preparation procedure has been updated. Finally, most typical brain patterns of metabolic changes are summarized for neurodegenerative diseases. The present guidelines are specifically intended to present information related to the European practice. The information provided should be taken in the context of local conditions and regulations.


Assuntos
Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Medicina Nuclear , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Fluordesoxiglucose F18/metabolismo , Humanos , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
16.
Sleep ; 45(1)2022 01 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34551110

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVES: Increased phase synchronization in electroencephalography (EEG) bands might reflect the activation of compensatory mechanisms of cognitive decline in people with neurodegenerative diseases. Here, we investigated whether altered large-scale couplings of brain oscillations could be linked to the balancing of cognitive decline in a longitudinal cohort of people with idiopathic rapid eye-movement sleep behavior disorder (iRBD). METHODS: We analyzed 18 patients (17 males, 69.7 ± 7.5 years) with iRBD undergoing high-density EEG (HD-EEG), presynaptic dopaminergic imaging, and clinical and neuropsychological (NPS) assessments at two time points (time interval 24.2 ± 5.9 months). We thus quantified the HD-EEG power distribution, orthogonalized amplitude correlation, and weighted phase-lag index at both time points and correlated them with clinical, NPS, and imaging data. RESULTS: Four patients phenoconverted at follow-up (three cases of parkinsonism and one of dementia). At the group level, NPS scores decreased over time, without reaching statistical significance. However, alpha phase synchronization increased and delta amplitude correlations decreased significantly at follow-up compared to baseline. Both large-scale network connectivity metrics were significantly correlated with NPS scores but not with sleep quality indices or presynaptic dopaminergic imaging data. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that increased alpha phase synchronization and reduced delta amplitude correlation may be considered electrophysiological signs of an active compensatory mechanism of cognitive impairment in people with iRBD. Large-scale functional modifications may be helpful biomarkers in the characterization of prodromal stages of alpha-synucleinopathies.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Comportamento do Sono REM , Encéfalo , Progressão da Doença , Eletroencefalografia , Humanos , Masculino , Sono
17.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 40(1): 78-85, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33822711

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate joint and vessel uptake in patients with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) by FDG-PET and correlate it with clinical findings. METHODS: Consecutive PMR patients, without clinical signs of giant cell arteritis, underwent a standardised clinical examination and FDG-PET/CT. Controls were consecutive subjects undergoing FDG-PET for the suspicion of neoplasm not confirmed by the examination. Uptake was evaluated by a qualitative visual score, using the liver uptake as reference and by the semi-quantitative mean standardised uptake value (SUV) and target-to-background ratio (TBR) methods. RESULTS: Eighty-four patients and 84 controls (55 women, median age 73 years, range 50-92 years in both groups) were studied. Sixteen patients were taking glucocorticoids (GC). PMR patients showed a higher articular uptake than controls. GC-treated patients showed uptake lower than GC-naïve patients, but still higher than controls. PMR patients showed a higher vascular uptake than controls in all districts except in the carotid arteries, when evaluated by the visual score. Conversely, the semi-quantitative approach yielded no significant differences. Forty-two patients (50%) showed PET evidence of large-vessel vasculitis (LVV), defined as uptake ≥ than that of the liver, and 11.9% showed LVV with vascular uptake higher than that of the liver. The correlation between clinical findings and uptake was scarce. Neither clinical nor laboratory findings could predict the presence of LVV. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with PMR show a typical joint pattern at FDG-PET. There are no clinical or laboratory predictors of LVV. Imaging appears to be the only tool to assess LVV in these patients.


Assuntos
Arterite de Células Gigantes , Polimialgia Reumática , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Arterite de Células Gigantes/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimialgia Reumática/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos
18.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 49(2): 563-584, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34328531

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to develop and validate a 3D deep learning model that predicts the final clinical diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), mild cognitive impairment due to Alzheimer's disease (MCI-AD), and cognitively normal (CN) using fluorine 18 fluorodeoxyglucose PET (18F-FDG PET) and compare model's performance to that of multiple expert nuclear medicine physicians' readers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective 18F-FDG PET scans for AD, MCI-AD, and CN were collected from Alzheimer's disease neuroimaging initiative (556 patients from 2005 to 2020), and CN and DLB cases were from European DLB Consortium (201 patients from 2005 to 2018). The introduced 3D convolutional neural network was trained using 90% of the data and externally tested using 10% as well as comparison to human readers on the same independent test set. The model's performance was analyzed with sensitivity, specificity, precision, F1 score, receiver operating characteristic (ROC). The regional metabolic changes driving classification were visualized using uniform manifold approximation and projection (UMAP) and network attention. RESULTS: The proposed model achieved area under the ROC curve of 96.2% (95% confidence interval: 90.6-100) on predicting the final diagnosis of DLB in the independent test set, 96.4% (92.7-100) in AD, 71.4% (51.6-91.2) in MCI-AD, and 94.7% (90-99.5) in CN, which in ROC space outperformed human readers performance. The network attention depicted the posterior cingulate cortex is important for each neurodegenerative disease, and the UMAP visualization of the extracted features by the proposed model demonstrates the reality of development of the given disorders. CONCLUSION: Using only 18F-FDG PET of the brain, a 3D deep learning model could predict the final diagnosis of the most common neurodegenerative disorders which achieved a competitive performance compared to the human readers as well as their consensus.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Disfunção Cognitiva , Aprendizado Profundo , Doença por Corpos de Lewy , Doenças Neurodegenerativas , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Doença por Corpos de Lewy/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença por Corpos de Lewy/metabolismo , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Mov Disord ; 37(1): 52-61, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533239

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dopamine transporter single photon-emission computed tomography (DAT-SPECT) is the strongest risk factor for phenoconversion in patients with idiopathic rapid eye movement (REM)-sleep behavior disorder (iRBD). However, it might be used as a second-line stratification tool in clinical trials, because it is expensive and mini-invasive. OBJECTIVE: Aim of the study is to investigate whether other cost-effective and non-invasive biomarkers may be proposed as first-line stratification tools. METHODS: Forty-seven consecutive iRBD patients (68.53 ± 7.16 years, 40 males) underwent baseline clinical and neuropsychological assessment, olfaction test, resting electroencephalogram (EEG), and DAT-SPECT. All patients underwent 6 month-based clinical follow-up to investigate the emergence of parkinsonism and/or dementia. Survival analysis and Cox regression were used to estimate conversion risk. RESULTS: Seventeen patients developed an overt synucleinopathy (eight Parkinsonism and nine dementia) 32.8 ± 22 months after diagnosis. The strongest risk factors were putamen specific to non-displaceable binding ratio (SBR) (hazard ratio [HR], 7.3), attention/working memory cognitive function (NPS-AT/WM) (HR, 5.9), EEG occipital mean frequency (HR, 2.7) and clinical motor assessment (HR, 2.3). On multivariate Cox-regression analysis, only putamen SBR and NPS-AT/WM significantly contributed to the model (HR, 6.2, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.9-19.8). At post-hoc analysis, the trail-making test B (TMT-B) was the single most efficient first-line stratification tool that allowed to reduce the number of eligible subjects to 76.6% (sensitivity 1, specificity 0.37). Combining TMT-B and DAT-SPECT further reduced the sample to 66% (sensitivity 0.88, specificity 0.47). CONCLUSION: The TMT-B seems to be a cost-effective and efficient first-line screening tool, to be used to select patients that deserve DAT-SPECT as second-line screening tool for disease-modifying clinical trials. © 2021 The Authors. Movement Disorders published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.


Assuntos
Transtornos Parkinsonianos , Transtorno do Comportamento do Sono REM , Sinucleinopatias , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Putamen/metabolismo , Transtorno do Comportamento do Sono REM/metabolismo , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único
20.
Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 55(6): 323-324, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34868383

RESUMO

We describe the case of an 82-year-old man who underwent 68 Ga-prostate-specific membrane antigen-11 (68 Ga-PSMA-11) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for the restaging of prostate carcinoma. 68 Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT unexpectedly showed increased tracer uptake homogenously involving the axial and appendicular bone marrow and the spleen, not characteristic for metastatic prostate disease. Further investigations revealed that 2 months before the patient underwent bone marrow biopsy, which showed the occurrence of monolinear myelodysplasia.

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