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2.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 76: e1991, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33503176

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This observational, cross-sectional study based aimed to test whether heart failure (HF)-disease management program (DMP) components are influencing care and clinical decision-making in Brazil. METHODS: The survey respondents were cardiologists recommended by experts in the field and invited to participate in the survey via printed form or email. The survey consisted of 29 questions addressing site demographics, public versus private infrastructure, HF baseline data of patients, clinical management of HF, performance indicators, and perceptions about HF treatment. RESULTS: Data were obtained from 98 centers (58% public and 42% private practice) distributed across Brazil. Public HF-DMPs compared to private HF-DMP were associated with a higher percentage of HF-DMP-dedicated services (79% vs 24%; OR: 12, 95% CI: 94-34), multidisciplinary HF (MHF)-DMP [84% vs 65%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 1-8), HF educational programs (49% vs 18%; OR: 4; 95% CI: 1-2), written instructions before hospital discharge (83% vs 76%; OR: 1; 95% CI: 0-5), rehabilitation (69% vs 39%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 1-9), monitoring (44% vs 29%; OR: 2; 95% CI: 1-5), guideline-directed medical therapy-HF use (94% vs 85%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 0-15), and less B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) dosage (73% vs 88%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 1-9), and key performance indicators (37% vs 60%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 1-7). In comparison to non- MHF-DMP, MHF-DMP was associated with more educational initiatives (42% vs 6%; OR: 12; 95% CI: 1-97), written instructions (83% vs 68%; OR: 2: 95% CI: 1-7), rehabilitation (69% vs 17%; OR: 11; 95% CI: 3-44), monitoring (47% vs 6%; OR: 14; 95% CI: 2-115), GDMT-HF (92% vs 83%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 0-15). In addition, there were less use of BNP as a biomarker (70% vs 84%; OR: 2; 95% CI: 1-8) and key performance indicators (35% vs 51%; OR: 2; 95% CI: 91,6) in the non-MHF group. Physicians considered changing or introducing new medications mostly when patients were hospitalized or when observing worsening disease and/or symptoms. Adherence to drug treatment and non-drug treatment factors were the greatest medical problems associated with HF treatment. CONCLUSION: HF-DMPs are highly heterogeneous. New strategies for HF care should consider the present study highlights and clinical decision-making processes to improve HF patient care.

3.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 115(5): 1006-1043, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33295473
4.
Hajjar, Ludhmila Abrahão; Costa, Isabela Bispo Santos da Silva da; Lopes, Marcelo Antônio Cartaxo Queiroga; Hoff, Paulo Marcelo Gehm; Diz, Maria Del Pilar Estevez; Fonseca, Silvia Moulin Ribeiro; Bittar, Cristina Salvadori; Rehder, Marília Harumi Higuchi dos Santos; Rizk, Stephanie Itala; Almeida, Dirceu Rodrigues; Fernandes, Gustavo dos Santos; Beck-da-Silva, Luís; Campos, Carlos Augusto Homem de Magalhães; Montera, Marcelo Westerlund; Alves, Sílvia Marinho Martins; Fukushima, Júlia Tizue; Santos, Maria Verônica Câmara dos; Negrão, Carlos Eduardo; Silva, Thiago Liguori Feliciano da; Ferreira, Silvia Moreira Ayub; Malachias, Marcus Vinicius Bolivar; Moreira, Maria da Consolação Vieira; Valente Neto, Manuel Maria Ramos; Fonseca, Veronica Cristina Quiroga; Soeiro, Maria Carolina Feres de Almeida; Alves, Juliana Barbosa Sobral; Silva, Carolina Maria Pinto Domingues Carvalho; Sbano, João; Pavanello, Ricardo; Pinto, Ibraim Masciarelli F; Simão, Antônio Felipe; Dracoulakis, Marianna Deway Andrade; Hoff, Ana Oliveira; Assunção, Bruna Morhy Borges Leal; Novis, Yana; Testa, Laura; Alencar Filho, Aristóteles Comte de; Cruz, Cecília Beatriz Bittencourt Viana; Pereira, Juliana; Garcia, Diego Ribeiro; Nomura, Cesar Higa; Rochitte, Carlos Eduardo; Macedo, Ariane Vieira Scarlatelli; Marcatti, Patricia Tavares Felipe; Mathias Junior, Wilson; Wiermann, Evanius Garcia; Val, Renata do; Freitas, Helano; Coutinho, Anelisa; Mathias, Clarissa Maria de Cerqueira; Vieira, Fernando Meton de Alencar Camara; Sasse, André Deeke; Rocha, Vanderson; Ramires, José Antônio Franchini; Kalil Filho, Roberto.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(5): 1006-1043, nov. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP, CONASS, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1142267
5.
Clin Transplant ; : e14129, 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33098145

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart transplant (HT) is an alternative for patients with advanced heart failure (HF). Social inequalities may influence survival, but are still not well understood. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of social and clinical inequalities on the survival of HT recipients. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study conducted at a Brazilian hospital from 2006 to 2018. RESULTS: Three hundred and two patients were analyzed. Most HT recipients were male (205, 67.9%), mixed race 146 (48.3%), retired (166, 56.5%), median age 47 (38-57) years, and had studied no more than eight years (191, 65.8%), were younger than 60 years old (256, 84.7%). 149 (51.7%) had per capita monthly income inferior to one Brazilian minimum wage, equivalent to US$250. 123 (95.4%) out of 129 patients had allograft cellular rejection 2R or 3R. Median donor age was 32 (23-39) years. The overall survival was 76.6%, 62.2%, and 58.2%, at 1, 5, and 10 years, respectively. Age <60 years old and higher income were associated with a greater chance of survival (p-values .009 and <.001, respectively). CONCLUSION: Younger age and higher per capita income had positive impact on HT recipient survival. The level of education did not affect survival in this cohort.

6.
Trop Med Infect Dis ; 5(3)2020 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32610473

RESUMO

Chagas disease, caused by a Trypanosona cruzi infection, is one of the main causes of heart failure in Latin America. It was originally a health problem endemic to South America, predominantly affecting residents of poor rural areas. With globalization and increasing migratory flows from these areas to large cities, the immigration of T. cruzi chronically-infected people to developed, non-endemic countries has occurred. This issue has emerged as an important consideration for heart transplant professionals. Currently, Chagas patients with end-stage heart failure may need a heart transplantation (HTx). This implies that in post-transplant immunosuppression therapy to avoid rejection in the recipient, there is the possibility of T. cruzi infection reactivation, increasing the morbidity and mortality rates. The management of heart transplant recipients due to Chagas disease requires awareness for early recognition and parasitic treatment of T. cruzi infection reactivation. This issue poses challenges for heart transplant professionals, especially regarding the differential diagnosis between rejection and reactivation episodes. The aim of this review is to discuss the complexity of the Chagas disease reactivation phenomenon in patients submitted to HTx for end-stage chagasic cardiomyopathy.

7.
Transplant Proc ; 2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32620391

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart transplantation (HT) is the treatment for patients with end-stage heart failure (HF). It is hoped that the procedure increases both survival rates and the level of health-related quality of life (HRQoL), which may, however, be compromised by post-transplant complications. The objective of this study was to analyze the level of HRQoL in HT recipients and considered the influence of variables from social and clinical contexts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of HT recipients. The level of HRQoL was assessed by the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF) questionnaire during outpatient consultation. RESULTS: This study analyzed 186 HT recipients from a total of 192 eligible patients. The median level of HRQoL was ≥67.8 points in all domains of the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire (physical, psychological, social relationships, and environment) and general score of perception of the level of quality of life (QoL) and health. Variables such as age, ethnicity, per capita income, time from last hospitalization, number of current medications, and number of hospitalizations after HT were significantly related to at least 1 domain of the WHOQOL-BREF. CONCLUSION: In this study, HRQoL of HT recipients living in a developing country can be considered satisfactory given the high score obtained in all domains of WHOQOL-BREF and in the perception of the level of QoL and health.

8.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 24: e-1301, fev.2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1096591

RESUMO

Introdução: a insuficiência cardíaca (IC) é um grave problema de saúde. Pacientes com IC em estágio avançado apresentam, além de baixa expectativa de vida, alteração no nível de qualidade de vida (QV). Objetivo: analisar o nível de QV de pacientes com IC avançada, candidatos ou não ao transplante cardíaco (TC). Método: estudo transversal realizado em um hospital universitário brasileiro, em que os pacientes foram submetidos à avaliação da QV pelo Minnesota Living With Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHFQ). Resultados: participaram do estudo 76 pacientes. A principal etiologia da IC foi a chagásica (25 pacientes). As classes funcionais mais frequentes foram NYHA II (26 pacientes) e III (33 pacientes). Pacientes em avaliação para TC e aqueles em fila para TC não apresentaram diferença estatisticamente significativa na avaliação do nível de QV. A pontuação dos pacientes segundo as dimensões avaliadas no MLHFQ foram: dimensão física com mediana 28,5; emocional, 13; outras questões, 21; e, no escore total, 61. O modelo final na análise multivariada demonstrou que a QV está associada a variáveis como classe funcional da IC, número de medicações em uso, número de comorbidades e a ocupação do lar. Discussão e Conclusão: a IC é doença grave, que impacta negativamente na sobrevida e na QV. Neste estudo, o nível de QV dos pacientes esteve associado à classe funcional da IC - NYHA, ao número de medicações em uso e à ocupação do lar. Ações que estimulem e favoreçam a adesão ao tratamento otimizado devem ser incentivadas.(AU)


Introduction: heart Failure (HF) is a serious health problem. Patients with an advanced stage of HF present, besides low life expectancy, a change in the Quality of Life (QoL) level. Objective: to analyze the QoL level of advanced HF patients, candidates or not for Heart Transplantation (HT). Method: a cross-sectional study carried out in a Brazilian university hospital, in which patients were submitted to QoL evaluation by the Minnesota Living With Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHFQ). Results: 76 patients participated in the study. The main etiology of HF was chagasic (25 patients). The most frequent functional classes were NYHA II (26 patients) and III (33 patients). Patients under evaluation for HT and those in the queue for HT did not show a statistically significant difference in the evaluation of the QoL level. The score of the patients according to the dimensions assessed in the MLHFQ were the following: physical dimension with a median of 28.5; emotional, 13; other questions, 21; and, in the total score, 61. The final model in the multivariate analysis showed that QoL is associated with variables such as HF functional class, number of using medications, number of comorbidities and household occupation. Discussion and Conclusion: HF is a serious disease that ...(AU)


Introducción: la insuficiencia cardíaca (IC) es un problema de salud grave. Los pacientes con IC avanzada tienen, además de baja esperanza de vida, alteraciones en su calidad de vida (CV). Objetivo: analizar la calidad de vida de pacientes con IC avanzada, candidatos o no para trasplante de corazón (TC). Método: estudio transversal realizado en un hospital universitario brasileño, en el que los pacientes se sometieron a una evaluación de calidad de vida mediante el cuestionario Minnesota Living With Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHFQ). Resultados: 76 pacientes participaron en el estudio. La etiología principal de la insuficiencia cardíaca fue mal de Chagas (25 pacientes). Las clases funcionales más frecuentes fueron NYHA II (26 pacientes) y III (33 pacientes). Los pacientes bajo evaluación para TC y aquellos en fila de espera para TC no mostraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la evaluación del nivel de calidad de vida. Las puntuaciones de los pacientes según las dimensiones evaluadas en el MLHFQ fueron: dimensión física con promedio de 28,5; emocional, 13; otros asuntos, 21; y, en el puntaje total, 61. El modelo final en el análisis multivariado demostró que la calidad de vida está asociada con variables como la clase funcional de IC, la cantidad de medicamentos en uso, la cantidad de comorbilidades y la ocupación dueña de casa. Discusión y conclusión: la insuficiencia cardíaca es una enfermedad grave que afecta negativamente la supervivencia y la calidad de vida. En este estudio, el nivel de calidad de vida de los pacientes se asoció con la clase funcional de IC - NYHA, la cantidad de medicamentos en uso y la ocupación dueña de casa. Deben fomentarse acciones que estimulen y favorezcan la adherencia al tratamiento optimizado.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Transplante de Coração , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento , Cardiopatias
9.
Transplant Proc ; 51(6): 1684-1688, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31301859

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brazil's transplant network is a consolidated, worldwide-recognized program, with about 96% of heart transplantations (HTs) financed by its Unified Health System. It is known that the number of HTs has risen in the past few years, but it still does not meet the demand. This study aims to characterize the profile of the heart donors of a Brazilian center and ascertain the factors contributing to the increase in number of HTs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional and analytical study, developed between 2012 and 2018 at a Brazilian transplant center. RESULTS: There were 210 donations for HT in this period. The median age of donors in years (range) was 33 (24-40), and the donors were 15.5 years younger than the recipients (P value < .001). One hundred forty-two donors (67.6%) were male, 98 (46.7%) were mullato, and 115 (54.8%) had cranioencephalic trauma as the cause of brain death. The distance from the transplant center to the organ procurement area was short in 183 (87.1%) cases, enabling a allograft ischemic time with a median of 125 minutes. There was a relevant association between donor age and cause of brain death (P < .001), sex and cause of brain death (P < .001), and organ procurement area and allograft ischemic time (P < .001). Hospitals that provide urgent and emergency care served as sources for a larger number of organ donations. CONCLUSIONS: This study concluded that the profile of most donors for HT include young adult mullato men who were victims of cranioencephalic trauma. In addition, these donors had few comorbidities and a median age of 33 years.


Assuntos
Seleção do Doador/estatística & dados numéricos , Transplante de Coração/estatística & dados numéricos , Doadores de Tecidos/estatística & dados numéricos , Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
10.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 111(3): 436-539, 2018 09.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30379264
11.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 111(2): 182-190, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30088556

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is a severe public health problem because of its high morbidity and mortality and elevated costs, thus requiring better understanding of its course. In its complex and multifactorial pathogenesis, sympathetic hyperactivity plays a relevant role. Considering that sympathetic dysfunction is already present in the initial phases of chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC) and frequently associated with a worse prognosis, we assumed it could be more severe in CCC than in cardiomyopathies of other etiologies (non-CCC). OBJECTIVES: To assess the cardiac sympathetic dysfunction 123I-MIBG) of HF, comparing individuals with CCC to those with non-CCC, using heart transplant (HT) patients as denervated heart parameters. METHODS: We assessed 76 patients with functional class II-VI HF, being 25 CCC (17 men), 25 non-CCC (14 men) and 26 HT (20 men), by use of cardiac 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine 123I-MIBG) scintigraphy, estimating the early and late heart-to-mediastinum ratio (HMR) of 123I-MIBG uptake and cardiac washout (WO%). The 5% significance level was adopted in the statistical analysis. RESULTS: The early and late HMR values were 1.73 ± 0.24 and 1.58 ± 0.27, respectively, in CCC, and 1.62 ± 0.21 and 1.44 ± 0.16 in non-CCC (p = NS), being, however, higher in HT patients (p < 0.001). The WO% values were 41.65 ± 21.4 (CCC), 47.37 ± 14.19% (non-CCC) and 43.29 ± 23.02 (HT), p = 0.057. The late HMR values showed a positive weak correlation with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in CCC and non-CCC (r = 0.42 and p = 0.045; and r = 0.49 and p = 0.015, respectively). CONCLUSION: Sympathetic hyperactivity 123I-MIBG) was evidenced in patients with class II-IV HF, LVEF < 45%, independently of the HF etiology, as compared to HT patients.


Assuntos
3-Iodobenzilguanidina/administração & dosagem , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Transplante de Coração , Disautonomias Primárias/diagnóstico por imagem , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/fisiopatologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Disautonomias Primárias/etiologia , Disautonomias Primárias/fisiopatologia , Cintilografia
12.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 111(2): 182-190, Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-950212

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Heart failure (HF) is a severe public health problem because of its high morbidity and mortality and elevated costs, thus requiring better understanding of its course. In its complex and multifactorial pathogenesis, sympathetic hyperactivity plays a relevant role. Considering that sympathetic dysfunction is already present in the initial phases of chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC) and frequently associated with a worse prognosis, we assumed it could be more severe in CCC than in cardiomyopathies of other etiologies (non-CCC). Objectives: To assess the cardiac sympathetic dysfunction 123I-MIBG) of HF, comparing individuals with CCC to those with non-CCC, using heart transplant (HT) patients as denervated heart parameters. Methods: We assessed 76 patients with functional class II-VI HF, being 25 CCC (17 men), 25 non-CCC (14 men) and 26 HT (20 men), by use of cardiac 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine 123I-MIBG) scintigraphy, estimating the early and late heart-to-mediastinum ratio (HMR) of 123I-MIBG uptake and cardiac washout (WO%). The 5% significance level was adopted in the statistical analysis. Results: The early and late HMR values were 1.73 ± 0.24 and 1.58 ± 0.27, respectively, in CCC, and 1.62 ± 0.21 and 1.44 ± 0.16 in non-CCC (p = NS), being, however, higher in HT patients (p < 0.001). The WO% values were 41.65 ± 21.4 (CCC), 47.37 ± 14.19% (non-CCC) and 43.29 ± 23.02 (HT), p = 0.057. The late HMR values showed a positive weak correlation with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in CCC and non-CCC (r = 0.42 and p = 0.045; and r = 0.49 and p = 0.015, respectively). Conclusion: Sympathetic hyperactivity 123I-MIBG) was evidenced in patients with class II-IV HF, LVEF < 45%, independently of the HF etiology, as compared to HT patients.


Resumo Fundamentos: A insuficiência cardíaca (IC) representa um grave problema de saúde pública pela alta morbimortalidade e custos envolvidos, exigindo uma melhor compreensão de sua evolução. Em sua patogênese, complexa e multifatorial, a hiperatividade simpática ocupa relevante papel. Considerando que a disfunção simpática está presente já nas fases iniciais da cardiopatia chagásica crônica (CCC), frequentemente associando-se a um pior prognóstico, supomos que pudesse ser mais grave na CCC que nas demais etiologias (não-CCC). Objetivos: Avaliar a disfunção simpática cardíaca (123I-MIBG) da IC, comparando-se os portadores de CCC aos não-CCC, utilizando os pacientes transplantados cardíacos (TC) como parâmetro de coração desnervado. Métodos: Estudamos 76 pacientes com IC classe funcional II-VI, sendo 25 CCC (17 homens), 25 não-CCC (14 homens) e 26 TC (20 homens), pela cintilografia cardíaca (123I-MIBG), estimando-se a captação (HMR) precoce e tardia e o washout cardíaco (Wc%). Nas análises estatísticas, o nível de significância foi de 5%. Resultados: Os valores da HMR precoce e da tardia foram 1,73 ± 0,24 e 1,58 ± 0,27, respectivamente, na CCC, e 1,62 ± 0,21 e 1,44 ± 0,16 na não-CCC (p = NS), sendo, porém, mais elevados nos TC (p < 0,001). Os valores de Wc% foram 41,65 ± 21,4 (CCC), 47,37 ± 14,19% (não-CCC) e 43,29 ± 23,02 (TC), p = 0,057. Os valores de HMR tardia apresentaram correlação positiva fraca com a fração de ejeção de ventrículo esquerdo (FEVE) na CCC e na não-CCC (r = 0,42 e p = 0,045; e r = 0,49 e p = 0,015, respectivamente). Conclusão: Evidenciou-se a presença de hiperatividade simpática (123I-MIBG) em pacientes com IC classe II-IV, FEVE < 45%, independentemente da etiologia da IC, quando comparados aos pacientes TC.

13.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 31(2): 89-97, 2016 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27556306

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Primary graft dysfunction is a major cause of mortality after heart transplantation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate correlations between donor-related clinical/biochemical markers and the occurrence of primary graft dysfunction/clinical outcomes of recipients within 30 days of transplant. METHODS: The prospective study involved 43 donor/recipient pairs. Data collected from donors included demographic and echocardiographic information, noradrenaline administration rates and concentrations of soluble tumor necrosis factor receptors (sTNFR1 and sTNFR2), interleukins (IL-6 and IL-10), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, C-reactive protein and cardiac troponin I. Data collected from recipients included operating, cardiopulmonary bypass, intensive care unit and hospitalization times, inotrope administration and left/right ventricular function through echocardiography. RESULTS: Recipients who developed moderate/severe left ventricular dysfunction had received organs from significantly older donors (P =0.020). Recipients from donors who required moderate/high doses of noradrenaline (>0.23 µg/kg/min) around harvesting time exhibited lower post-transplant ventricular ejection fractions (P =0.002) and required longer CPB times (P =0.039). Significantly higher concentrations of sTNFR1 (P =0.014) and sTNFR2 (P =0.030) in donors were associated with reduced intensive care unit times (≤5 days) in recipients, while higher donor IL-6 (P =0.029) and IL-10 (P =0.037) levels were correlated with reduced hospitalization times (≤25 days) in recipients. Recipients who required moderate/high levels of noradrenaline for weaning off cardiopulmonary bypass were associated with lower donor concentrations of sTNFR2 (P =0.028) and IL-6 (P =0.001). CONCLUSION: High levels of sTNFR1, sTNFR2, IL-6 and IL-10 in donors were associated with enhanced evolution in recipients. Allografts from older donors, or from those treated with noradrenaline doses >0.23 µg/kg/min, were more frequently affected by primary graft dysfunction within 30 days of surgery.


Assuntos
Transplante de Coração/normas , Norepinefrina/administração & dosagem , Disfunção Primária do Enxerto/sangue , Doadores de Tecidos , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Aloenxertos/fisiopatologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Seleção do Doador/normas , Feminino , Transplante de Coração/mortalidade , Humanos , Interleucinas/análise , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Norepinefrina/efeitos adversos , Período Pós-Operatório , Disfunção Primária do Enxerto/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Receptores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/análise , Adulto Jovem
14.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 31(2): 89-97, Mar.-Apr. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-792643

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction: Primary graft dysfunction is a major cause of mortality after heart transplantation. Objective: To evaluate correlations between donor-related clinical/biochemical markers and the occurrence of primary graft dysfunction/clinical outcomes of recipients within 30 days of transplant. Methods: The prospective study involved 43 donor/recipient pairs. Data collected from donors included demographic and echocardiographic information, noradrenaline administration rates and concentrations of soluble tumor necrosis factor receptors (sTNFR1 and sTNFR2), interleukins (IL-6 and IL-10), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, C-reactive protein and cardiac troponin I. Data collected from recipients included operating, cardiopulmonary bypass, intensive care unit and hospitalization times, inotrope administration and left/right ventricular function through echocardiography. Results: Recipients who developed moderate/severe left ventricular dysfunction had received organs from significantly older donors (P =0.020). Recipients from donors who required moderate/high doses of noradrenaline (>0.23 µg/kg/min) around harvesting time exhibited lower post-transplant ventricular ejection fractions (P =0.002) and required longer CPB times (P =0.039). Significantly higher concentrations of sTNFR1 (P =0.014) and sTNFR2 (P =0.030) in donors were associated with reduced intensive care unit times (≤5 days) in recipients, while higher donor IL-6 (P =0.029) and IL-10 (P =0.037) levels were correlated with reduced hospitalization times (≤25 days) in recipients. Recipients who required moderate/high levels of noradrenaline for weaning off cardiopulmonary bypass were associated with lower donor concentrations of sTNFR2 (P =0.028) and IL-6 (P =0.001). Conclusion: High levels of sTNFR1, sTNFR2, IL-6 and IL-10 in donors were associated with enhanced evolution in recipients. Allografts from older donors, or from those treated with noradrenaline doses >0.23 µg/kg/min, were more frequently affected by primary graft dysfunction within 30 days of surgery.

15.
Autops Case Rep ; 5(4): 53-63, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26894046

RESUMO

We present the case of a patient who underwent cardiac transplantation with the diagnosis of idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. Once the explanted heart was examined, a type of granulomatous myocarditis compatible with cardiac sarcoidosis was observed. However, there was severe involvement of the right ventricle, with markedly reduced width of the muscular layer and extensive fibrofatty replacement, findings similar to the ones encountered in cases of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC). Confocal immunofluorescence analysis revealed a reduced signal for plakoglobin and desmoplakin at the cardiac intercalated disks. The immunoreactive signal for desmin showed the typical sarcomeric distribution but not a concentrated signal at the intercalated disks, a pattern previously seen in an 11-year-old girl with Carvajal syndrome bearing a C-terminal truncating mutation in the desmoplakin gene. This case illustrates the difficult and challenging work involved in performing a differential diagnosis among idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy, isolated cardiac sarcoidosis, and ARVC, all of which are clinical entities known to masquerade as one another.

16.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 103(2): 138-145, 08/2014. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-720819

RESUMO

Background: The autonomic nervous system plays a central role in cardiovascular regulation; sympathetic activation occurs during myocardial ischemia. Objective: To assess the spectral analysis of heart rate variability during stent implantation, comparing the types of stent. Methods: This study assessed 61 patients (mean age, 64.0 years; 35 men) with ischemic heart disease and indication for stenting. Stent implantation was performed under Holter monitoring to record the spectral analysis of heart rate variability (Fourier transform), measuring the low-frequency (LF) and high-frequency (HF) components, and the LF/HF ratio before and during the procedure. Results: Bare-metal stent was implanted in 34 patients, while the others received drug-eluting stents. The right coronary artery was approached in 21 patients, the left anterior descending, in 28, and the circumflex, in 9. As compared with the pre-stenting period, all patients showed an increase in LF and HF during stent implantation (658 versus 185 ms2, p = 0.00; 322 versus 121, p = 0.00, respectively), with no change in LF/HF. During stent implantation, LF was 864 ms2 in patients with bare-metal stents, and 398 ms2 in those with drug-eluting stents (p = 0.00). The spectral analysis of heart rate variability showed no association with diabetes mellitus, family history, clinical presentation, beta-blockers, age, and vessel or its segment. Conclusions: Stent implantation resulted in concomitant sympathetic and vagal activations. Diabetes mellitus, use of beta-blockers, and the vessel approached showed no influence on the spectral analysis of heart rate variability. Sympathetic activation was lower during the implantation of drug-eluting stents. .


Fundamento: O sistema nervoso autônomo tem papel central na regulação cardiovascular, ocorrendo uma ativação simpática durante a isquemia miocárdica. Objetivo: Avaliar a análise espectral da frequência cardíaca (AE) durante o implante de stent, comparando os tipos de stent. Métodos: Foram estudados 61 pacientes (idade média de 64 anos), 35 homens, com cardiopatia isquêmica e indicação de implante de stent. O implante foi feito sob monitoramento pelo Holter para o registro da AE (transformação de Fourier), com medidas dos componentes LF (baixa frequência), HF (alta frequência) e relação LF/HF, antes e durante o procedimento. Resultados: Implante de stent convencional feito em 34 pacientes; nos demais, farmacológico. A coronária abordada foi a direita em 21 pacientes, a descendente anterior em 28, a circunflexa em nove. Houve aumento do LF e do HF durante o implante em todos os pacientes, comparando-se com o período antes do implante (658 versus 185 ms2, p = 0,00, para LF; 322 versus 121 ms2, p = 0,00, para HF, respectivamente), sem alteração da LF/HF. LF durante o implante foi de 864 ms2 nos pacientes com stent convencional e de 398 com farmacológico (p = 0,00). Não houve associação entre a AE e a presença de diabetes, história familiar, apresentação clínica, uso de betabloqueador (BB), idade, vaso ou seu segmento. Conclusões: O implante de stent resultou em ativação simpática e concomitante ativação vagal. Não houve influência do quadro de diabetes, uso de BB e vaso sobre a AE. Houve menor ativação simpática durante o implante de stent farmacológico. .


Assuntos
Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Isquemia Miocárdica/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Stents , Análise de Fourier , Estudos Longitudinais , Estudos Prospectivos , Valores de Referência , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Sistema Nervoso Simpático/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 103(2): 138-45, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25029473

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The autonomic nervous system plays a central role in cardiovascular regulation; sympathetic activation occurs during myocardial ischemia. OBJECTIVE: To assess the spectral analysis of heart rate variability during stent implantation, comparing the types of stent. METHODS: This study assessed 61 patients (mean age, 64.0 years; 35 men) with ischemic heart disease and indication for stenting. Stent implantation was performed under Holter monitoring to record the spectral analysis of heart rate variability (Fourier transform), measuring the low-frequency (LF) and high-frequency (HF) components, and the LF/HF ratio before and during the procedure. RESULTS: Bare-metal stent was implanted in 34 patients, while the others received drug-eluting stents. The right coronary artery was approached in 21 patients, the left anterior descending, in 28, and the circumflex, in 9. As compared with the pre-stenting period, all patients showed an increase in LF and HF during stent implantation (658 versus 185 ms2, p = 0.00; 322 versus 121, p = 0.00, respectively), with no change in LF/HF. During stent implantation, LF was 864 ms2 in patients with bare-metal stents, and 398 ms2 in those with drug-eluting stents (p = 0.00). The spectral analysis of heart rate variability showed no association with diabetes mellitus, family history, clinical presentation, beta-blockers, age, and vessel or its segment. CONCLUSIONS: Stent implantation resulted in concomitant sympathetic and vagal activations. Diabetes mellitus, use of beta-blockers, and the vessel approached showed no influence on the spectral analysis of heart rate variability. Sympathetic activation was lower during the implantation of drug-eluting stents.


Assuntos
Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Isquemia Miocárdica/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Stents , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Análise de Fourier , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Valores de Referência , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Sistema Nervoso Simpático/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Case Rep Transplant ; 2013: 606481, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24066253

RESUMO

Cardiac allograft vasculopathy is still a major issue, with significative mortality in heart transplant patients, and the best therapeutic options are not yet established. The progressively higher survival rates after transplantation have made it a major concern. This is a case report about a patient who underwent cardiac transplantation due to chagasic cardiomiopathy. During an endomyocardial biopsy more than 2 years after the transplant, the patient arrested in ventricular fibrillation, with ST-elevation in anterior leads after defibrillation. The angiography showed total occlusion of proximal left anterior descending artery, promptly treated with primary angioplasty, with excellent angiographic and clinical results.

20.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 100(1): 67-74, jan. 2013. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-662386

RESUMO

FUNDAMENTO: Estudos demonstram que a dispersão da onda P (DP) e o índice de volume do átrio esquerdo (Aesc) são preditores de eventos cardiovasculares (EC). OBJETIVO: Verificar o valor prognóstico da dispersão da onda P e do Aesc para a ocorrência de EC em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca. MÉTODOS: Estudo longitudinal e prospectivo com 78 pacientes consecutivos com idade média de 47,2 anos, sendo 52 homens, estáveis com insuficiência cardíaca, submetidos à avaliação clínica, aos exames de eletrocardiograma e ao ecocardiograma, com seguimento de 26,5 meses. RESULTADOS: As médias das variáveis foram: 50 ms DP e 35,5 ml/m² Aesc. Considerando-se DP > 40 ms e como referência Aesc > 28 ml/m², o valor preditivo positivo da DP foi de 87,5% e o negativo de 76,9%. Durante o seguimento, 21 pacientes apresentaram EC. Houve associação entre as medidas do átrio esquerdo, os volumes do ventrículo esquerdo e a fração de ejeção e EC. Não houve associação entre a DP e EC. Pela análise multivariada, o átrio esquerdo e o Aesc foram preditores de eventos (p = 0,00 e 0,02). Pela curva de operação característica para a variável estável EC, foram obtidas as áreas de 0,80 e 0,69 para Aesc (p = 0,00) e Aesc > 28 ml/m² (p = 0,01). As curvas de sobrevida (Kaplan-Meier) livre daqueles eventos para Aesc > 28 ml/m² e para a etiologia chagásica demonstraram razão de chance de 14,4 (p = 0,00) e de 3,2 (p = 0,03). Não houve diferença de evolução entre pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca isquêmica e não isquêmica. CONCLUSÃO: DP não esteve correlacionada a EC. Aesc foi um preditor independente de EC e os chagásicos apresentaram pior evolução.


BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that P-wave dispersion (PWD) and left atrial volume index (LAVi) are predictors of cardiovascular events (CE). OBJECTIVE: To verify the prognostic value of PWD and LAVi for the occurrence of CE in patients with heart failure (HF). METHODS: This was a longitudinal prospective study of 78 consecutive patients with a mean age of 47.2 years, of which 52 were males. Patients had stable HF and underwent clinical evaluation, electrocardiogram and echocardiogram assessments, with a follow-up of 26.5 months. RESULTS: The means of the variables were: 50 ms for PWD and 35.5 mL/m² for LAVi. Considering PWD > 40 ms and, as reference, LAVi > 28 mL/m², the positive predictive value of PWD was 87.5% and the negative predictive value was 76.9%. During follow-up, 21 patients had CE. There was an association between left atrial measurements, left ventricular volumes, ejection fraction and CE. There was no association between PWD and CE. At the multivariate analysis, the left atrium and LAVi were predictors of events (p = 0.00 and 0.02). Through the operating characteristic curve for the variable stable CE, areas of 0.80 and 0.69 were obtained for LAVi (p = 0.00) and LAVi > 28 mL/m² (p = 0.01). Survival curves (Kaplan-Meier) free of those events for LAVi > 28 mL/m² and for Chagas disease etiology showed an odds ratio of 14.4 (p = 0.00) and 3.2 (p = 0.03). There was no difference in outcome between patients with ischemic and nonischemic heart failure. CONCLUSION: PWD was not correlated to CE. LAVi was an independent predictor of CE, and chagasic patients showed worse outcomes.


Assuntos
Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Função do Átrio Esquerdo , Ecocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Tamanho do Órgão , Prognóstico , Valores de Referência , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo
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