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1.
J Clin Densitom ; 22(2): 279-286, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29661687

RESUMO

The historical concept that obesity protects against bone fractures has been questioned. Weight loss appears to reduce bone mineral density (BMD); however, the results in young adults are inconsistent, and data on the effects of weight loss on bone microstructure are limited. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of weight loss using an intragastric balloon (IGB) on bone density and microstructure. Forty obese patients with metabolic syndrome (mean age 35.1 ± 7.3 yr) used an IGB continuously for 6 mo. Laboratory tests, areal BMD, and body composition measurements via dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and volumetric BMD and bone microstructure measurements via high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography were conducted before IGB placement and after IGB removal. The mean weight loss was 11.5%. After 6 mo, there were significant increases in vitamin D and carboxyterminal telopeptide of type 1 collagen levels. After IGB use, areal BMD increased in the spine but decreased in the total femur and the 33% radius. Cortical BMD increased in the distal radius but tended to decrease in the distal tibia. The observed trabecular bone loss in the distal tibia contributed to the decline in the total volumetric BMD at this site. There was a negative correlation between the changes in leptin levels and the measures of trabecular quality in the tibia on high-resolutionperipheral quantitative computed tomography. Weight loss may negatively impact bone microstructure in young patients, especially for weight-bearing bones, in which obesity has a more prominent effect.

2.
Diabetol Metab Syndr ; 10: 26, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29636825

RESUMO

Glycemic control has been considered a major therapeutic goal within the scope of diabetes management, as supported by robust observational and experimental evidence. However, the coexistence of micro and macrovascular disease is associated with the highest cardiovascular risks which highlights the importance that pharmacological treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus provides not only glycemic control, but also cardiovascular safety. Basal insulin is a highly effective treatment in reducing fasting blood glucose, but it is associated with considerable risk of hypoglycemia and weight gain. Glucagon like peptide 1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) are also effective in terms of glycemic control and associated with weight loss and low risk of hypoglycemia. The potential benefits of combining GLP-1RAs with basal insulin are contemplated in the current position statement of several different position statement and guidelines. This article reviews the efficacy and safety of different strategies to initiate and intensify basal insulin, with focus on new fixed ratio combinations of basal insulin with GLP-1 RAs available for use in a single injection pen (insulin degludec/liraglutide and insulin glargine/lixisenatide).

3.
HU rev ; 44(2): 183-189, 2018.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1047961

RESUMO

Introdução: A obesidade é um dos fatores mais importantes para explicar o aumento incidência das Doenças Cardiovasculares (DCV). Dentre os múltiplos fatores de risco para estas doenças, a albuminúria é dos mais importantes. Objetivos: Avaliar os níveis de albuminúria e correlacionar com outros marcadores de risco cardiovascular em pacientes obesos que procuraram tratamento para obesidade. Materiais e métodos:Estudo transversal, retrospectivo, através dos prontuários de 183 pacientes de ambos os sexos, entre 18 e 65 anos, com índice de massa corpórea (IMC) ≥ 30 Kg/m². Todos os pacientes foram submetidos a exame físico e receberam um pedido de rotina laboratorial, incluindo de albuminúria em amostra isolada de urina. Valores até 17 mg/L foram considerados normoalbuminúria, de 17-173 mg/L microalbuminuria e ≥ 174mg/L macroalbuminúria. A análise de correlação de Pearson ou Spearman foi utilizada para correlacionar os níveis de albuminuria com as variáveis antropométricas e laboratoriais. Resultados: Dados de albuminúria estavam disponíveis em 81 prontuários. Destes, 15 pacientes (18,5%) tinham valores acima de 17 mg/L de albuminúria. Nenhuma correlação foi encontrada entre os níveis de albuminúria e os parâmetros antropométricos (IMC, Cintura, Quadril e RCQ), pressão arterial (PA) sistólica ou diastólica ou uso de anti-hipertensivos. Foi encontrada correlação entre os níveis de albuminúria e o high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLc), (r=-0,27; p=0,012), além de uma tendência a significância com os níveis de Proteína C Reativa Ultrassensível (PCR-us; r=0,21; p= 0,081). Conclusão: Apesar da alta frequência de albuminúria em pacientes obesos, não foi encontrada correlação entre este marcador e os parâmetros antropométricos. Foi encontrado uma relação inversa da albuminúria com HDLc e uma tendência a significância com a PCR-us, sugerindo uma associação limitada entre a albuminúria e alguns marcadores específicos de risco cardiovascular.


Introduction: Obesity is one of the most important factors related to the increase in Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) incidence. Among all risk factors for CVD, albuminuria is one of the most relevant. Objective:To evaluate the levels of albuminuria and to correlate with other cardiovascular risk markers in obese patients who seek treatment for obesity. Material and Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study of 183 patients of both genders, aged 18-65 years, with a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg / m², attended for the first time. All the patients were submitted to a physical exam and received a routine laboratory request, including for the concentration of albumin in the urine. Values below 17 mg/L were considered normoalbuminuria, from 17 to 173 mg/dL microalbuminuria and above 174 macroalbuminuria. Pearson ou Spearman Correlation was used to correlate albuminuria levels with anthropometric and laboratorial variables. Results: Excluding 102 patient charts out of the criteria, the results of 81 patients were considered. Of these, 15 patients (18.5%) had values above 17 mg / L of albuminuria. No correlation was found between albuminuria levels and anthropometric parameters (BMI, Waist, Hip), systolic BP, diastolic BP or antihypertensive use. A significant correlation was found between albuminuria levels and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLc), (r = -0.27, p = 0.012), and a trend toward significance with hs-CRP levels (r = 0, 21, p = 0.081). Conclusion: Despite the high prevalence of albuminuria in obese patients, no correlation was found between anthropometric markers and albuminuria. An inverse relationship was found for albuminuria with HDLc, and a trend toward significance with hs-CRP, suggesting a limited association between albuminuria and some specific markers of cardiovascular risk.

4.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 109(6,supl.1): 1-31, dez. 2017. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-887990

RESUMO

Resumo Fundamentação: desde o primeiro posicionamento da Sociedade Brasileira de Diabetes (SBD) sobre diabetes e prevenção cardiovascular, em 2014,1 importantes estudos têm sido publicados na área de prevenção cardiovascular e tratamento do diabetes,2 os quais contribuíram para a evolução na prevenção primária e secundária nos pacientes com diabetes. Ferramentas de estratificação de risco mais precisas, novos fármacos hipolipemiantes e novos antidiabéticos com efeitos cardiovasculares e redução da mortalidade, são parte desta nova abordagem para os pacientes com diabetes. O reconhecimento de que o diabetes é uma doença heterogênea foi fundamental, sendo claramente demonstrado que nem todos os pacientes diabéticos pertencem a categorias de risco alto ou muito alto. Um porcentual elevado é composto por pacientes jovens, sem os fatores de risco clássicos, os quais podem ser classificados adequadamente em categorias de risco intermediário ou mesmo em baixo risco cardiovascular. O presente posicionamento revisa as melhores evidências atualmente disponíveis e propõe uma abordagem prática, baseada em risco, para o tratamento de pacientes com diabetes. Estruturação: perante este desafio e reconhecendo a natureza multifacetada da doença, a SBD uniu-se à Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia (SBC) e à Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabolismo (SBEM), e formou um painel de especialistas, constituído por 28 cardiologistas e endocrinologistas, para revisar as melhores evidências disponíveis e elaborar uma diretriz contendo recomendações práticas para a estratificação de risco e prevenção da Doença Cardiovascular (DVC) no Diabetes Melito (DM). As principais inovações incluem: (1) considerações do impacto de novos hipolipemiantes e das novas medicações antidiabéticas no risco cardiovascular; (2) uma abordagem prática, baseada em fator de risco, para orientar o uso das estatinas, incluindo novas definições das metas da Lipoproteína de Baixa Densidade-colesterol (LDL-colesterol) e colesterol não Lipoproteína de Alta Densidade HDL; (3) uma abordagem baseada em evidências, para avaliar a isquemia miocárdica silenciosa (IMS) e a aterosclerose subclínica em pacientes com diabetes; (4) as abordagens mais atuais para o tratamento da hipertensão; e (5) recomendação de atualizações para o uso de terapia antiplaquetária. Esperamos que esta diretriz auxilie os médicos no cuidado dedicado aos pacientes com diabetes. Métodos: inicialmente, os membros do painel foram divididos em sete subcomitês para definirem os tópicos principais que necessitavam de uma posição atualizada das sociedades. Os membros do painel pesquisaram e buscaram no PubMed estudos clínicos randomizados e metanálises de estudos clínicos e estudos observacionais de boa qualidade, publicados entre 1997 e 2017, usando termos MeSH: [diabetes], [diabetes tipo 2], [doença cardiovascular], [estratificação de risco cardiovascular] [doença arterial coronária], [rastreamento], [isquemia silenciosa], [estatinas], [hipertensão], [ácido acetilsalicílico]. Estudos observacionais de baixa qualidade, metanálises com alta heterogeneidade e estudos transversais não foram incluídos, embora talvez tenham impactado no Nível de Evidência indicado. A opinião de especialistas foi usada quando os resultados das buscas não eram satisfatórios para um item específico. É importante salientar que este posicionamento não teve a intenção de incluir uma revisão sistemática rigorosa. Um manuscrito preliminar, destacando recomendações de graus e níveis de evidência (Quadro 1), foi esboçado. Este passo levou a várias discussões entre os membros dos subcomitês, que revisaram os achados e fizeram novas sugestões. O manuscrito foi, então, revisto pelo autor líder, encarregado da padronização do texto e da inclusão de pequenas alterações, sendo submetido à apreciação mais detalhada pelos membros dos comitês, buscando uma posição de consenso. Depois desta fase, o manuscrito foi enviado para a banca editorial e edição final, sendo encaminhado para publicação. Quadro 1 Graus de recomendações e níveis de evidências adotados nesta revisão Grau de recomendação Classe I A evidência é conclusiva ou, se não, existe consenso de que o procedimento ou tratamento é seguro e eficaz Classe II Há evidências contraditórias ou opiniões divergentes sobre segurança, eficácia, ou utilidade do tratamento ou procedimento Classe IIa As opiniões são favoráveis ao tratamento ou procedimento. A maioria dos especialistas aprova Classe IIb A eficácia é bem menos estabelecida, e as opiniões são divergentes Classe III Há evidências ou consenso de que o tratamento ou procedimento não é útil, eficaz, ou pode ser prejudicial Níveis de Evidência A Múltiplos estudos clínicos randomizados concordantes e bem elaborados ou metanálises robustas de estudos clínicos randomizados B Dados de metanálises menos robustas, um único estudo clínico randomizado ou estudos observacionais C Opinião dos especialistas

5.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 15(1): 211, 2017 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29065923

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity is a worldwide public health issue with a negative impact on quality of life. Different weight loss interventions have demonstrated improvements in quality of life. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of 6 months of treatment with an intragastric balloon (IGB) on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and its relation to changes in body fat in obese individuals with metabolic syndrome (MS). METHODS: Fifty obese patients with MS aged 18-50 were selected for treatment with IGB for 6 months. Body fat was assessed with anthropometric measures and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) at baseline and after removal of the IGB. HRQOL was evaluated with the short form of the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF) at baseline and soon after removal of the IGB. RESULTS: Thirty-nine patients completed the study. After 6 months, there was a significant improvement in quality of life (p = 0.0009) and health (p < 0.0001) perceptions, and in the Physical (p = 0.001), Psychological (p = 0.031), and Environmental domains (p = 0.0071). Anthropometric measures and total fat determined by DXA were directly and significantly related to an improvement in general aspects of quality of life. The decrease in the percentage of total fat was the parameter that better correlated with improvements in quality of life perception after regression (p = 0.032). CONCLUSIONS: In obese individuals with MS, weight loss parameters were associated with short-term improvements in HRQOL after 6 months of treatment with IGB. However, only total fat was independently related to HRQOL perception. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01598233 .


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo , Balão Gástrico , Síndrome Metabólica/psicologia , Obesidade/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Perda de Peso , Adulto , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/complicações , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/complicações
6.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 61(4): 343-347, July-Aug. 2017. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-887573

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate how different parameters of short-term glycemic control would correlate with the perception of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D). Subjects and methods A total of 50 T1D patients aged 18 to 50 years were evaluated with the questionnaires Problem Areas in Diabetes (PAID) scale and Diabetes Quality of Life (DQOL) measure after 30 days of self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG). Glycemic control was evaluated using glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), mean glucose levels (MGL) in the prior month's data from SMBG (Accu-Check 360o), number of hypoglycemic episodes (< 70 mg/dL and < 50 mg/dL), and glycemic variability (GV). Results PAID correlated positively with MGL (r = 0.52; p < 0.001) and HbA1c (r = 0.36; p < 0.0097), but not with GV (r = 0.17; p = 0.23) or number of hypoglycemic episodes (r = 0.15; p = 0.17 for glucose < 70 mg/dL and r = 0.02; p = 0.85 for glucose < 50 mg/dL). After multiple linear regression, only MGL remained independently related to PAID scores. DQOL scores had a positive correlation with MGL (r = 0.45; p = 0.001), but not with HbA1c (r = 0.23; p = 0.09), GV (r = 0.20; p = 0.16), or number of hypoglycemic episodes (r = 0.06 p = 0.68). Conclusion In T1D patients, MGL, but not HbA1c or number hypoglycemic episodes, was the glycemic control parameter that best correlated with short-term perception of HRQoL.

7.
Diabetol Metab Syndr ; 9: 53, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28725272

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since the first position statement on diabetes and cardiovascular prevention published in 2014 by the Brazilian Diabetes Society, the current view on primary and secondary prevention in diabetes has evolved as a result of new approaches on cardiovascular risk stratification, new cholesterol lowering drugs, and new anti-hyperglycemic drugs. Importantly, a pattern of risk heterogeneity has emerged, showing that not all diabetic patients are at high or very high risk. In fact, most younger patients who have no overt cardiovascular risk factors may be more adequately classified as being at intermediate or even low cardiovascular risk. Thus, there is a need for cardiovascular risk stratification in patients with diabetes. The present panel reviews the best current evidence and proposes a practical risk-based approach on treatment for patients with diabetes. MAIN BODY: The Brazilian Diabetes Society, the Brazilian Society of Cardiology, and the Brazilian Endocrinology and Metabolism Society gathered to form an expert panel including 28 cardiologists and endocrinologists to review the best available evidence and to draft up-to-date an evidence-based guideline with practical recommendations for risk stratification and prevention of cardiovascular disease in diabetes. The guideline includes 59 recommendations covering: (1) the impact of new anti-hyperglycemic drugs and new lipid lowering drugs on cardiovascular risk; (2) a guide to statin use, including new definitions of LDL-cholesterol and in non-HDL-cholesterol targets; (3) evaluation of silent myocardial ischemia and subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with diabetes; (4) hypertension treatment; and (5) the use of antiplatelet therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Diabetes is a heterogeneous disease. Although cardiovascular risk is increased in most patients, those without risk factors or evidence of sub-clinical atherosclerosis are at a lower risk. Optimal management must rely on an approach that will cover both cardiovascular disease prevention in individuals in the highest risk as well as protection from overtreatment in those at lower risk. Thus, cardiovascular prevention strategies should be individualized according to cardiovascular risk while intensification of treatment should focus on those at higher risk.

8.
Diabetol Metab Syndr ; 9: 26, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28450900

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DDP4) is an enzyme responsible for glucagon-like peptide-1 inactivation and plays an important role in glucose metabolism. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate DPP4 levels in patients with familial partial lipodystrophy type 2 (FPLD2) and correlate it with body fat distribution. METHODS: Fourteen patients with FPLD2 were selected to participate in this study and matched to a healthy control group (n = 8). All participants had anthropometrical data registered. Body adiposity index (BAI) was used to evaluate fat distribution in this population. Body fat content and distribution were analyzed by dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Biochemical exams, including DPP4 levels, were performed in all individuals. RESULTS: Despite the same body mass index, lipodystrophic patients had a significant lower hip (median 92.0 vs 94.5; p = 0.028), HDL cholesterol (42.6 ± 10.4 vs 66.1 ± 16.0; p < 0.01) and BAI (24.1 ± 2.8 vs 29.0 ± 3.7; p = 0.02), suggesting that BAI was able to catch differences in fat distribution between groups. On the other hand, patients with FPLD2 presented significant higher levels of insulin (median 11.2 vs 5.3; p = 0.015), triglycerides (184.9 ± 75.4 vs 89.1 ± 51.0; p < 0.01) and DPP4 (4.89 ± 0.92 vs 3.93 ± 1.08; p = 0.04). A trend toward an inverse statistical significance was observed between DPP4 levels and BAI (r = -0.38; p = 0.072). In the lipodistrophic group, a significant correlation was found between DPP4 levels and percentage of total body fat (r = 0.86; p = 0.0025) and android fat (r = 0.78; p = 0.014). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with FPLD2 exhibit an increase in DDP4 levels in comparison to a healthy control group. The increase in the levels of this enzyme does not seem to be related to the diagnosis of diabetes and might be associated with an increase in central fat (estimated using BAI and measured using DXA). These results might be used to reinforce the concept that DDP4 is an adipokine related to central fat distribution.

10.
Arch Endocrinol Metab ; 61(4): 343-347, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27901179

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate how different parameters of short-term glycemic control would correlate with the perception of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 50 T1D patients aged 18 to 50 years were evaluated with the questionnaires Problem Areas in Diabetes (PAID) scale and Diabetes Quality of Life (DQOL) measure after 30 days of self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG). Glycemic control was evaluated using glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), mean glucose levels (MGL) in the prior month's data from SMBG (Accu-Check 360o), number of hypoglycemic episodes (< 70 mg/dL and < 50 mg/dL), and glycemic variability (GV). RESULTS: PAID correlated positively with MGL (r = 0.52; p < 0.001) and HbA1c (r = 0.36; p < 0.0097), but not with GV (r = 0.17; p = 0.23) or number of hypoglycemic episodes (r = 0.15; p = 0.17 for glucose < 70 mg/dL and r = 0.02; p = 0.85 for glucose < 50 mg/dL). After multiple linear regression, only MGL remained independently related to PAID scores. DQOL scores had a positive correlation with MGL (r = 0.45; p = 0.001), but not with HbA1c (r = 0.23; p = 0.09), GV (r = 0.20; p = 0.16), or number of hypoglycemic episodes (r = 0.06 p = 0.68). CONCLUSION: In T1D patients, MGL, but not HbA1c or number hypoglycemic episodes, was the glycemic control parameter that best correlated with short-term perception of HRQoL.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Glicemia/análise , Automonitorização da Glicemia , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Humanos , Hipoglicemia/sangue , Hipoglicemia/psicologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Percepção , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
11.
Diabetol Metab Syndr ; Jul(9): 53-53, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-36559

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since the first position statement on diabetes and cardiovascular prevention published in 2014 by the Brazilian Diabetes Society, the current view on primary and secondary prevention in diabetes has evolved as a result of new approaches on cardiovascular risk stratification, new cholesterol lowering drugs, and new anti-hyperglycemic drugs. Importantly, a pattern of risk heterogeneity has emerged, showing that not all diabetic patients are at high or very high risk. In fact, most younger patients who have no overt cardiovascular risk factors may be more adequately classified as being at intermediate or even low cardiovascular risk. Thus, there is a need for cardiovascular risk stratification in patients with diabetes. The present panel reviews the best current evidence and proposes a practical risk-based approach on treatment for patients with diabetes. MAIN BODY: The Brazilian Diabetes Society, the Brazilian Society of Cardiology, and the Brazilian Endocrinology and Metabolism Society gathered to form an expert panel including 28 cardiologists and endocrinologists to review the best available evidence and to draft up-to-date an evidence-based guideline with practical recommendations for risk stratification and prevention of cardiovascular disease in diabetes. The guideline includes 59 recommendations covering: (1) the impact of new anti-hyperglycemic drugs and new lipid lowering drugs on cardiovascular risk; (2) a guide to statin use, including new definitions of LDL-cholesterol and in non-HDL-cholesterol targets; (3) evaluation of silent myocardial ischemia and subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with diabetes; (4) hypertension treatment; and (5) the use of antiplatelet therapy...(AU)


Assuntos
Glucose , Sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Diabetes Mellitus , Dislipidemias , Hipertensão , Fatores de Risco
12.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 92(5): 532-538, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-796110

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To investigate the relationship between serum thyrotropin (TSH), insulin resistance (IR), and cardiovascular risk factors (CRF) in a sample of overweight and obese Brazilian adolescents. Methods: A retrospective, longitudinal analysis of 199 overweight and obese pubescent adolescents was performed. The TSH and free T4 (fT4) levels, anthropometric measurements, and laboratory test results of these patients were analyzed. Results: 27 individuals (13.56%) presented with TSH levels above the normal level (subclinical hypothyroidism [SCH]). Their waist circumference (WC) was significantly higher than those of euthyroid individuals. Serum TSH was positively correlated with the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) index, triglycerides (TG) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). Using TSH and BMI as independent variables, TSH levels were shown to be independently related to HOMA-IR (p = 0.001) and TG (p = 0.007). Among euthyroid subjects, individuals with TSH values <2.5 mIU/mL exhibited statistically significant decreases in waist-to-hip ratio, HDL-C levels, and HOMA-IR scores and a tendency toward lower WC values. Conclusion: SCH in overweight and obese adolescents appears to be associated with excess weight, especially visceral weight. In euthyroid adolescents, there appears to be a direct relationship between TSH and some CRF. In conclusion, in the present sample of overweight and obese adolescents, TSH levels appear to be associated with IR and CRF.


Resumo Objetivo Investigar a relação entre tireotrofina sérica (TSH), resistência à insulina (RI) e fatores de risco cardiovascular (FRC) em uma amostra de adolescentes brasileiros acima do peso e obesos. Métodos Foi realizada uma análise longitudinal retrospectiva de 190 adolescentes púberes acima do peso e obesos. Foram analisados os níveis de TSH e T4 livre (T4l), as medidas antropométricas e os resultados de exames laboratoriais desses pacientes. Resultados 27 indivíduos (13,56%) apresentaram níveis de TSH acima do normal (hipotireoidismo subclínico (HSC)). Eles apresentaram circunferência da cintura (CC) significativamente maior que os indivíduos eutireoideos. A TSH sérica foi positivamente correlacionada ao índice do modelo de avaliação da homeostase de resistência à insulina (HOMA-IR), triglicerídeos (TG) e lipoproteína de alta densidade-colesterol (HDL-C). Usando TSH e IMC como variáveis independentes, os níveis de TSH estavam relacionados ao HOMA-IR (p = 0.001) e a TG (p = 0.007) de forma independente. Entre os pacientes eutireoideos, indivíduos com valores de TSH < 2.5 mIU/mL apresentaram reduções estatisticamente significativas na razão cintura/quadril, nos níveis de HDL-C e nos escores de HOMA-IR e tendência a menores valores de CC. Conclusão O HSC em adolescentes acima do peso e obesos parece estar associado ao excesso de peso, principalmente de peso visceral. Em adolescentes eutireoideos, parece haver uma relação direta entre TSH e alguns FRC. Concluindo, em nossa amostra de adolescentes acima do peso e obesos, os níveis de TSH parecem estar associados a RI e FRC.

13.
J Pediatr (Rio J) ; 92(5): 532-8, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27343633

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between serum thyrotropin (TSH), insulin resistance (IR), and cardiovascular risk factors (CRF) in a sample of overweight and obese Brazilian adolescents. METHODS: A retrospective, longitudinal analysis of 199 overweight and obese pubescent adolescents was performed. The TSH and free T4 (fT4) levels, anthropometric measurements, and laboratory test results of these patients were analyzed. RESULTS: 27 individuals (13.56%) presented with TSH levels above the normal level (subclinical hypothyroidism [SCH]). Their waist circumference (WC) was significantly higher than those of euthyroid individuals. Serum TSH was positively correlated with the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) index, triglycerides (TG) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). Using TSH and BMI as independent variables, TSH levels were shown to be independently related to HOMA-IR (p=0.001) and TG (p=0.007). Among euthyroid subjects, individuals with TSH values <2.5mIU/mL exhibited statistically significant decreases in waist-to-hip ratio, HDL-C levels, and HOMA-IR scores and a tendency toward lower WC values. CONCLUSION: SCH in overweight and obese adolescents appears to be associated with excess weight, especially visceral weight. In euthyroid adolescents, there appears to be a direct relationship between TSH and some CRF. In conclusion, in the present sample of overweight and obese adolescents, TSH levels appear to be associated with IR and CRF.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , Sobrepeso/sangue , Obesidade Pediátrica/sangue , Tireotropina/sangue , Adolescente , Brasil , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Criança , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Hipotireoidismo/complicações , Resistência à Insulina , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Sobrepeso/complicações , Obesidade Pediátrica/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Circunferência da Cintura
14.
Bone ; 59: 89-92, 2014 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24220493

RESUMO

The effects of obesity and metabolic syndrome (MS) on bone health are controversial. Furthermore, the relationship between body composition and bone quality has not yet been determined in this context. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlations between body composition and bone mineral density (BMD) and bone microstructure in obese individuals with MS. This cross-sectional study assessed 50 obese individuals with MS with respect to their body composition and BMD, both assessed using dual X-ray absorptiometry, and bone microarchitecture, assessed by high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT) of the distal tibia and radius. Several HR-pQCT measurements exhibited statistically significant correlations with lean mass. Lean mass was positively correlated with parameters of better bone quality (r: 0.316-0.470) and negatively correlated with parameters of greater bone fragility (r: -0.460 to -0.310). Positive correlations were also observed between lean mass and BMD of the total femur and radius 33%. Fat mass was not significantly correlated with BMD or any HR-pQCT measurements. Our data suggest that lean mass might be a predictor of bone health in obese individuals with MS.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo , Composição Corporal , Densidade Óssea , Osso e Ossos/patologia , Síndrome Metabólica/complicações , Obesidade/complicações , Tecido Adiposo/anatomia & histologia , Adulto , Osso e Ossos/anatomia & histologia , Osso e Ossos/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome Metabólica/fisiopatologia , Análise Multivariada , Obesidade/diagnóstico por imagem , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Tamanho do Órgão , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
15.
Obes Surg ; 24(2): 232-40, 2014 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23949905

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to establish whether the use of an intragastric balloon (IGB) for 6 months improves lung function, metabolic parameters, and body fat distribution in patients with overweight/obesity and metabolic syndrome (MS). METHODS: This is a longitudinal and interventional study on 40 adults, whose anthropometric, laboratory, and lung function parameters were assessed and who underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) before implantation and after removal of IGB. RESULTS: The total lung capacity (TLC) (p = 0.0001), functional residual capacity (FRC) (p = 0.0001), residual volume (p = 0.0005), and expiratory reserve volume (ERV) (p = 0.0001) were significantly reduced by IGB. The body mass index (BMI) significantly decreased from a median of 39.1 kg/m(2) at the beginning of the study to 34.5 kg/m(2) at the end of the 6-month period (p = 0.0001). At the end of the study, 31 participants (77.5%) no longer met the diagnostic criteria of MS. The percentage of truncal, android, gynoid, and total fat investigated by DXA exhibited significant reductions (p = 0.0001). Significant correlations were found between delta TLC and delta waist circumference (ρ = -0.34; p = 0.03), delta FRC and delta IMC (ρ = -0.39; p = 0.01), delta ERV and delta BMI (ρ = -0.44; p = 0.005), and delta ERV and delta high-density lipoprotein (HDL) (ρ = -0.37; p = 0.02). Significant correlations were also found between delta ERV and delta truncal (ρ = -0.51; p = 0.004), android (ρ = -0.46; p = 0.01), gynoid (ρ = -0.55; p = 0.001), and total fat (ρ = -0.59; p = 0.0005). CONCLUSIONS: IGB efficiently induced weight loss and promoted the improvement of lung function parameters, with a reduction of the restrictive ventilatory defect. It also promoted improvements of MS and the pattern of body fat distribution.


Assuntos
Balão Gástrico , Síndrome Metabólica/terapia , Obesidade Mórbida/terapia , Perda de Peso , Absorciometria de Fóton , Adulto , Composição Corporal , Distribuição da Gordura Corporal , Índice de Massa Corporal , Volume de Reserva Expiratória , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/fisiopatologia , Obesidade Mórbida/fisiopatologia , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Capacidade de Difusão Pulmonar , Indução de Remissão , Capacidade Pulmonar Total
17.
Lung ; 190(6): 671-6, 2012 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22968677

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity has become a global epidemic in the 21st century, and the placement of an intragastric balloon (IB) is a therapeutic modality used to treat it. Our objectives for this study were to evaluate changes in lung function resulting from IB use and to correlate the pattern of body fat distribution with changes in lung function. METHODS: This was an interventional study with 30 overweight and obese patients with metabolic syndrome. All of the subjects underwent anthropometric measurements, assessment of their body fat distribution pattern by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and pulmonary function testing before implantation of the IB. RESULTS: During the initial evaluations, the main pulmonary function abnormalities observed were decreased expiratory reserve volume (ERV), decreased total lung capacity (TLC), and increased diffusing capacity of carbon monoxide (DL(CO)), which occurred in 56.7, 40, and 23.3 % of patients, respectively. We observed a statistically significant positive correlation between the DL(CO) and the percentage of trunk fat mass (ρ = 0.42; p < 0.01). Three months after placement of the IB, there was a significant reduction in the body mass index (p < 0.0001) and the maximal inspiratory pressure (p < 0.009). We also observed a significant increase in the forced vital capacity (p < 0.0001), TLC (p < 0.001), and ERV (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Weight loss as a result of IB causes increased static lung volumes and decreased inspiratory muscle strength. Additionally, being overweight and obese is related to increased DL(CO), especially in individuals with truncal obesity.


Assuntos
Balão Gástrico , Obesidade Mórbida/fisiopatologia , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Testes de Função Respiratória , Adulto , Distribuição da Gordura Corporal , Volume de Reserva Expiratória , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Capacidade de Difusão Pulmonar , Capacidade Pulmonar Total , Perda de Peso
18.
Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet ; 32(7): 334-9, 2010 Jul.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21152842

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate clinical and laboratory characteristics of first-degree male relatives of patients with a confirmed diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and to compare the findings with a control group with no family history of PCOS. METHODS: We randomly selected 28 male individuals aged 18 to 65 years who were first-degree relatives of women diagnosed with PCOS and 28 controls matched for age, waist and body mass index (BMI). RESULTS: Men with 1st degree kinship with women with PCOS had higher levels of triglycerides (189.6±103.1 versus 99.4±37.1, p<0.0001), Homeostasis Model Assessment (HOMA-IR) (3.5±9.1 versus 1.0±1.0, p=0.0077) and glucose (130.1±81.7 versus 89.5±7.8, p=0.005), and lower levels of sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) (23.8±13.8 versus 31.1±9.1, p=0.003). SHBG levels correlated independently with triglyceride levels. These individuals also had more clinical signs of hyperandrogenism. CONCLUSIONS: Male individuals who are first-degree relatives of patients with PCOS have a higher degree of dyslipidemia and insulin resistance, lower levels of SHBG, and more evident clinical signs of hyperandrogenism. These findings suggest that insulin resistance may be of hereditary origin in individuals with a family history of PCOS regardless of anthropometric parameters.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Hiperandrogenismo/sangue , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico , Circunferência da Cintura , Relação Cintura-Quadril , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperandrogenismo/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/genética , Circunferência da Cintura/genética , Adulto Jovem
19.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 32(7): 334-339, jul. 2010. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-567966

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: avaliar as características clínicas e laboratoriais de parentes de primeiro grau do sexo masculino de pacientes com diagnóstico confirmado de síndrome de ovários policísticos (SOP) e comparar os achados com um grupo controle sem história familiar de SOP. MÉTODOS: foram selecionados aleatoriamente 28 homens com idade entre 18 e 65 anos que possuíam parentesco de primeiro grau com mulheres diagnosticadas com SOP e 28 controles pareados por idade, cintura e índice de massa corporal (IMC). RESULTADOS: homens com parentesco de 1º grau com mulheres com SOP comparados ao Grupo Controle apresentaram níveis mais elevados de triglicerídeos (189,6±103,1 versus 99,4±37,1; p<0,0001), HOMA-IR (Homeostase Model Assesment) (3,5±9,1 versus 1,0±1,0; p=0,0077) e glicemia (130,1±81,7 versus 89,5±7,8; p=0,005), além de menores níveis da globulina ligadora de hormônios sexuais (SHBG) (23,8±13,8 versus 31,1±9,1; p=0,003). Os níveis de SHBG se correlacionaram independentemente com os níveis de triglicérides. Os parentes de 1º grau também apresentavam mais sinais clínicos de hiperandrogenismo. CONCLUSÕES: parentes de primeiro grau do sexo masculino das pacientes com SOP apresentam maior grau de dislipidemia e de resistência à insulina, além de níveis mais baixos de SHBG com mais sinais clínicos de hiperandrogenismo. Esses achados sugerem que a resistência à insulina pode ter origem hereditária em indivíduos com história familiar de SOP, independentemente de parâmetros antropométricos.


PURPOSE: to evaluate clinical and laboratory characteristics of first-degree male relatives of patients with a confirmed diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and to compare the findings with a control group with no family history of PCOS. METHODS: we randomly selected 28 male individuals aged 18 to 65 years who were first-degree relatives of women diagnosed with PCOS and 28 controls matched for age, waist and body mass index (BMI). RESULTS: men with 1st degree kinship with women with PCOS had higher levels of triglycerides (189.6±103.1 versus 99.4±37.1, p<0.0001), Homeostasis Model Assessment (HOMA-IR) (3.5±9.1 versus 1.0±1.0, p=0.0077) and glucose (130.1±81.7 versus 89.5±7.8, p=0.005), and lower levels of sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) (23.8±13.8 versus 31.1±9.1, p=0.003). SHBG levels correlated independently with triglyceride levels. These individuals also had more clinical signs of hyperandrogenism. CONCLUSIONS: male individuals who are first-degree relatives of patients with PCOS have a higher degree of dyslipidemia and insulin resistance, lower levels of SHBG, and more evident clinical signs of hyperandrogenism. These findings suggest that insulin resistance may be of hereditary origin in individuals with a family history of PCOS regardless of anthropometric parameters.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Índice de Massa Corporal , Hiperandrogenismo/sangue , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico , Circunferência da Cintura , Relação Cintura-Quadril , Hiperandrogenismo/genética , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/genética , Circunferência da Cintura/genética
20.
Braz J Psychiatry ; 32(1): 42-6, 2010 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20339733

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Obesity is a complex condition associated with a host of medical disorders. One common assumption is that obesity is also related to psychological and emotional complications. However, some studies have shown that obesity itself does not appear to be systematically associated with psychopathological outcomes.The objective of the present study was to evaluate the impact that the various degrees of obesity have on the psychopathological profile of obese patients. METHOD: The study sample consisted of 217 women classified as obese (body mass index > 30 kg/m(2)) who sought medical treatment for weight loss and were consecutively invited to participate in the study. Anthropometric data were registered for all participants. Psychiatric evaluations were performed using the Beck Depression Inventory and Symptom Checklist-90. Multiple regression analysis was used in order to determine whether any of the studied variables (age, level of education, Beck Depression Inventory score and body mass index) were independently correlated with the score on the different subscales of the Symptom Checklist-90. RESULTS: Only body mass index was found to correlate significantly with the score on the somatization subscale of the Symptom Checklist-90 (r = 0.148, p = 0.035). This correlation remained significant after multiple regression analysis (p = 0.03). No correlation was found between body mass index and the score on any of the other subscales. CONCLUSION: The degree of obesity did not correlate with any of the psychological profiles commonly described in the medical literature, including depression and anxiety. The correlation between obesity and somatization, although weak, might simply be related to an overlapping of symptoms.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico , Obesidade/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adolescente , Idoso , Transtornos de Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Transtorno Depressivo/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Transtornos Somatoformes/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
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