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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34556432

RESUMO

An 81-year-old female presented with chronic coronary disease (Canadian Cardiovascular Society angina severity grading III). The patient underwent coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) that revealed three-vessel coronary artery disease (3VD). This case illustrates that in a patient with 3VD, planning and execution of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) were successfully performed based solely on CCTA combined with fractional flow reserve derived from computed tomography angiography (FFRCT). Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) was planned and executed as follows: left internal mammary artery grafted to the left anterior descending artery (LAD), saphenous vein graft (SVG) to the right coronary artery (RCA), and SVG to the obtuse marginal artery (OM). Repeat imaging assessment with non-invasive CCTA and FFRCT at 30-day follow-up confirmed the safety of this approach. The FFRCT values of the RCA and LAD were normalized, whereas a borderline pressure drop was observed in the distal run-off of the OM (FFRCT=0.79). Notably, this is the first case in which post-CABG FFRCT assessment was performed. Post-CABG FFRCT is an investigational novel non-invasive tool for assessing the functional improvement of the epicardial conductance vessels following surgical revascularization.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34542612

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine Syntax scores based on coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) and invasive coronary angiography (ICA) and to assess whether heavy coronary calcification significantly limits the CCTA evaluation and the impact of severe calcification on heart team's treatment decision and procedural planning in patients with three-vessel coronary artery disease (CAD) with or without left main disease. METHODS: SYNTAX III was a multicentre, international study that included patients with three-vessel CAD with or without left main disease. The heart teams were randomized to either assess coronary arteries with coronary CCTA or ICA. We stratified the patients based on the presence of at least 1 lesion with heavy calcification defined as arc of calcium >180° within the lesion using CCTA. Agreement on the anatomical SYNTAX score and treatment decision was compared between patients with and without heavy calcifications. RESULTS: Overall, 222 patients with available CCTA and ICA were included in this trial subanalysis (104 with heavy calcification, 118 without heavy calcification). The mean difference in the anatomical SYNTAX score (CCTA derived-ICA derived) was lower in patients without heavy calcifications [mean (-1.96 SD; +1.96 SD) = 1.5 (-19.3; 22.4) vs 5.9 (-17.5; +29.3), P = 0.004]. The agreement on treatment decision did not differ between patients with (Cohen's kappa 0.79) or without coronary calcifications (Cohen's kappa 0.84). The agreement on the treatment planning did not differ between patients with (concordance 80.3%) or without coronary calcifications (concordance 82.8%). CONCLUSIONS: An overall good correlation between CCTA- and ICA-derived Syntax score was found. The presence of heavy coronary calcification moderately influenced the agreement between CCTA and ICA on the anatomical SYNTAX score. However, agreement on the treatment decision and planning was high and irrespective of the presence of calcified lesions.

3.
Eur Heart J ; 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405232

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this article was to compare rates of all-cause death at 10 years following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with or without diabetes. METHODS AND RESULTS: The SYNTAXES study evaluated up to 10-year survival of 1800 patients with three-vessel disease (3VD) and/or left main coronary artery disease (LMCAD) randomized to receive either PCI or CABG in the SYNTAX trial. Ten-year all-cause death according to diabetic status and revascularization strategy was examined. In diabetics (n = 452), the risk of mortality was numerically higher with PCI compared with CABG at 5 years [19.6% vs. 13.3%, hazard ratio (HR): 1.53, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.96, 2.43, P = 0.075], with the opposite seen between 5 and 10 years (PCI vs. CABG: 20.8% vs. 24.4%, HR: 0.82, 95% CI: 0.52, 1.27, P = 0.366). Irrespective of diabetic status, there was no significant difference in all-cause death at 10 years between patients receiving PCI or CABG, the absolute treatment difference was 1.9% in diabetics (PCI vs. CABG: 36.4% vs. 34.5%, difference: 1.9%, 95% CI: -7.6%, 11.1%, P = 0.551). Among insulin-treated patients (n = 182), all-cause death at 10 years was numerically higher with PCI (47.9% vs. 39.6%, difference: 8.2%, 95% CI: -6.5%, 22.5%, P = 0.227). CONCLUSIONS: The treatment effects of PCI vs. CABG on all-cause death at 10 years in patients with 3VD and/or LMCAD were similar irrespective of the presence of diabetes. There may, however, be a survival benefit with CABG in patients with insulin-treated diabetes. The association between revascularization strategy and very long-term ischaemic and safety outcomes for patients with diabetes needs further investigation in dedicated trials. TRIAL REGISTRATION: SYNTAX: ClinicalTrials.gov reference: NCT00114972 and SYNTAX Extended Survival: ClinicalTrials.gov reference: NCT03417050.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33502809

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) following percutaneous coronary intervention for 6-12 months in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and 3-6 months in those with chronic coronary syndromes (CCS). Whether DAPT duration has a differential effect on outcomes following treatment of ischemic coronary disease with durable versus biodegradable drug-eluting stent (DES) is poorly defined. METHODS: The TARGET All Comer study was a randomized trial of patients with ischemic coronary artery disease assigned to treatment with either a biodegradable polymer DES (Firehawk) or a durable polymer DES (XIENCE). This pre-specified TARGET AC sub-analysis sought to evaluate the 2-year clinical outcomes before and after DAPT discontinuation. The primary endpoint was target lesion failure (TLF). RESULTS: A total of 1,296 (78.4%) of 1,653 randomized patients were included in this substudy, of which 1,210 (93.4%) remained on DAPT at 6 months, 863 (66.6%) at 12 months, and 409 (31.6%) at 2 years. There was no difference in TLF between patients treated with Firehawk and XIENCE stents from index procedure to DAPT discontinuation (8.0 and 7.7%, p > .99) or after DAPT discontinuation (2.9 vs. 3.8%, p = .16). After DAPT discontinuation, target vessel myocardial infarction (1.3 vs. 3.3%, p = .07), and ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization (0.5 vs. 1.9%, p = .06) favored treatment with Firehawk. CONCLUSIONS: Although TLF was comparable for both Firehawk and XIENCE stent groups before and after DAPT discontinuation, after DAPT discontinuation, there was a trend for less target vessel myocardial infarction and ischemia-driven revascularization with the biodegradable polymer DES.

5.
Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 22(9): 1063-1071, 2021 08 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888011

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate the variability between site and core laboratory (CL) calculation of the anatomical SYNTAX score (SS) based on coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) alone and functional SS based on coronary CTA and fractional flow reserve derived from computed tomography (FFRCT) in the SYNTAX III trial. METHODS AND RESULTS: The SYNTAX III trial was a multicentre, international study that included 223 patients with three-vessel disease with or without left main involvement. Functional SS was computed by subtracting non-flow limiting stenoses (FFRCT > 0.80) from anatomical SS. SS was combined with clinical information to generate the SYNTAX score II (SS II) that provides treatment recommendations. The mean anatomical SS based on coronary CTA alone was 33.4 ± 12.7 by sites and 37.1 ± 13.4 by CL (P < 0.001). The mean functional SS based on coronary CTA and FFRCT was 30.5 ± 13.0 by sites and 33.3 ± 13.6 by CL (P < 0.001). The intraclass correlation coefficient was 0.49 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.37-0.59) in anatomical SS and 0.62 (95% CI 0.52-0.70) in functional SS. The Cohen's κ comparing treatment recommendation between sites and CL was 0.68 (95% CI 0.58-0.78) based on anatomical SS and 0.71 (95% CI 0.60-0.82) based on functional SS. CONCLUSION: The mean anatomical SS derived from coronary CTA alone and functional SS based on coronary CTA and FFRCT were higher when assessed by the CL than by the sites themselves. However, substantial agreement in treatment recommendation by SS II between sites and CL was demonstrated. CLINICAL TRIALS.GOV IDENTIFIER: NCT02385279.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Estenose Coronária , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/cirurgia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Laboratórios , Valor Preditivo dos Testes
6.
EuroIntervention ; 16(12): e997-e1004, 2020 12 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32928717

RESUMO

AIMS: The purpose of the Multivessel TALENT trial is to compare clinical outcomes of the novel Supraflex Cruz stent with those of the SYNERGY stent in patients with three-vessel disease (3VD) undergoing state-of-the-art percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS AND RESULTS: In this prospective, randomised, 1:1 balanced, multicentre, open-label trial, 1,550 patients with de novo 3VD without left main disease will be assigned to the Supraflex Cruz or SYNERGY arm. The following treatment principles of "best practice" PCI will be applied: Heart Team consensus based on SYNTAX score II treatment recommendation, functional lesion evaluation by quantitative flow ratio (QFR), stent optimisation by intravascular imaging, optimal pharmacological treatment and prasugrel monotherapy. The primary endpoint is a non-inferiority comparison of the patient-oriented composite endpoint (POCE) of all-cause death, any stroke, any myocardial infarction, or any revascularisation, at 12 months post procedure. The powered secondary endpoint is a superiority comparison of the vessel-oriented composite endpoint (VOCE), defined as vessel-related cardiovascular death, vessel-related myocardial infarction, or clinically and physiologically indicated target vessel revascularisation, at 24 months. CONCLUSIONS: The Multivessel TALENT trial will be evaluating a novel treatment strategy for complex coronary artery disease with state-of-the-art PCI based on angiography-derived QFR with novel ultra-thin Supraflex Cruz stents, compared with SYNERGY stents. Clinical Trial Registration URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04390672. Unique Identifier: NCT04390672


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Implantes Absorvíveis , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/tratamento farmacológico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Everolimo/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Polímeros , Estudos Prospectivos , Sirolimo/uso terapêutico , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
EuroIntervention ; 15(13): 1190-1198, 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475907

RESUMO

Percutaneous coronary intervention with implantation of drug-eluting stents has become the most commonly performed revascularisation procedure in patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease. Continuous iterations of coronary devices incorporating changes in platform materials, geometry, strut thickness, drug release mechanisms and antiproliferative drugs have progressively reduced the rate of device-related adverse clinical events. Objective performance criteria have been proposed for clinical and angiographic outcomes of drug-eluting stents. The rate of device success has been recognised as an intraprocedural endpoint to evaluate the mechanical ability to complete a procedure with the specific device assigned by protocol in randomised comparative trials. The European Commission and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration both provide guidance documents, including the mechanistic evaluation of coronary stents, which recommend operational definitions of device success. While the majority of clinical trials investigating drug-eluting stents have adopted this endpoint definition, inconsistencies in application limit the reliability of comparisons across different trials reporting device success rates. In addition, it is not uncommon that device success rates are not reported by investigators. A consistent definition of device success is essential to allow scientific comparisons of this technical performance endpoint between devices across different trials. Therefore, we performed a systematic evaluation of definitions and reporting of device success in clinical trials. We propose an extended definition as well as considerations for approaching the determination of the device success rates in future percutaneous coronary intervention trials.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
EuroIntervention ; 16(8): 654-662, 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31543500

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study is to demonstrate the non-inferiority of the BiOSS LIM C sirolimus-eluting cobalt-chromium bifurcation dedicated stent against the XIENCE stent regarding the patient-oriented composite endpoint (POCE) at 12 months among patients with left main coronary artery disease (LMCA). METHODS AND RESULTS: The POLBOS LM study is a single-arm, prospective, multicentre study enrolling 260 patients (SYNTAX score ≤32) with a pre-specified performance goal based on the results of the EXCEL trial with contemporary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for LMCA disease. Patient enrolment will comply with objective inclusion criteria of diameter stenosis ≥50% in the LMCA based on off-line quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) analysed by an independent core laboratory using dedicated bifurcation QCA software. The BiOSS LIM C is used for the treatment of LMCA disease with the same specific technical classification as for the BiOSS LIM (modified MADS classification) and the stent implantation is optimised by using pre-specified intravascular ultrasound criteria. The primary endpoint is POCE (a composite of all-cause death, stroke, any myocardial infarction, and any revascularisation) at 12 months. CONCLUSIONS: The POLBOS LM study will indicate the efficacy of the BiOSS LIM C stent with contemporary PCI for distal left main bifurcation lesions in comparison with the XIENCE stent from the recent EXCEL trial, as a performance index.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Estenose Coronária , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Cromo , Cobalto , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Sirolimo/uso terapêutico , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 96(5): 1023-1028, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31769161

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Firehawk stent (Shanghai MicroPort Medical Group, Shanghai, China), a novel biodegradable polymer sirolimus-eluting coronary stent has been evaluated in the randomized TARGET I trial in which low-risk patients were enrolled with strict eligibility criteria. Recently, the TARGET All Comers study has shown similar results of the Firehawk compared to the XIENCE stent (Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara). However, clinical outcomes in high-risk patients are unclear. METHODS: The TARGET All Comer study was a randomized trial that assigned patients to either Firehawk or XIENCE implantation. This TARGET AC subanalysis sought to evaluate the 2 year clinical outcomes of patients according to two risk groups; patients meeting all inclusion criteria and no exclusion criteria of the TARGET I trial were classified as "low-risk," while their counterparts were classified as "high-risk." The primary endpoint was target lesion failure. RESULTS: A total of 1,585 patients were included, of which 1,334 (84%) were classified as high-risk. At 2 years, the high-risk group had a significantly higher rate of TLF than the low-risk group (9.5% vs. 3.6%, p = .003), mainly driven by increased target vessel myocardial infarction (6.3% vs. 2.4%, p = .02). The Firehawk and XIENCE had no significant differences in TLF among both low-risk (3.1% vs. 4.2%, p = .66) and high-risk (9.9% vs. 9.1%, p = .57) patients. CONCLUSIONS: High-risk patients had worse clinical outcomes at 2 years in the TARGET All Comer study. Outcomes with the Firehawk were similar to the XIENCE stent among both low-risk and high-risk patients at 2 years.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Stents Farmacológicos , Everolimo/administração & dosagem , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Idoso , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Desenho de Prótese , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(17): 1679-1687, 2019 09 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31129092

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the 2-year clinical outcomes of the Firehawk stent (Shanghai MicroPort Medical Group, Shanghai, China), a novel abluminal groove-filled biodegradable-polymer sirolimus-eluting coronary stent, compared with XIENCE (Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, California), a durable-polymer everolimus-eluting coronary stent. BACKGROUND: The long-term outcomes of the Firehawk stent have not been evaluated beyond 1 year in a randomized all-comers clinical trial. METHODS: The TARGET All Comers study is a prospective, multicenter, all-comers, randomized, noninferiority trial conducted in Europe. A total of 1,653 patients were randomly assigned to undergo implantation of either the Firehawk or the XIENCE stent. The primary endpoint was target lesion failure, a composite of cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction, or ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization. RESULTS: At 2-year follow-up, the incidence of target lesion failure was 8.7% in the Firehawk group versus 8.6% in the XIENCE group (p = 0.92). The event rates of individual components of the primary endpoint were comparable for the 2 groups. Landmark analyses between 1- and 2-year follow-up revealed no statistically significant difference of TLF for the Firehawk versus the XIENCE stent. Beyond 1 year, very late definite or probable stent thrombosis occurred in 3 patients (0.4%) in the Firehawk group and in 7 patients (0.9%) in the XIENCE group (p = 0.34). CONCLUSIONS: The 2-year follow-up of the TARGET All Comers study confirms comparable safety and efficacy profiles of the Firehawk and XIENCE stents.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Stents Farmacológicos , Everolimo/administração & dosagem , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Polímeros/química , Sirolimo/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Trombose Coronária/etiologia , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla , Europa (Continente) , Everolimo/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Fatores de Risco , Sirolimo/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
EuroIntervention ; 15(4): e362-e369, 2019 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30066672

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study is to compare the SUPRAFLEX sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) with the XIENCE everolimus-eluting stent (EES) with respect to target lesion failure (TLF) at 12 months in a non-inferiority trial in a "real-world" patient population. METHODS AND RESULTS: This is a prospective, randomised, 1:1 balanced, controlled, single-blind, multicentre study comparing clinical outcomes at 12 months between SUPRAFLEX and XIENCE in an "all-comers" patient population, comprising a total of 1,430 enrolled subjects with symptomatic coronary artery disease who qualify for percutaneous coronary interventions at 23 centres in Europe. The primary endpoint is a non-inferiority comparison of the device-oriented composite endpoint target lesion failure (cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction and clinically indicated target lesion revascularisation) of the SUPRAFLEX group to the XIENCE group at 12 months post procedure. Secondary endpoints include the patient-oriented composite endpoint, target vessel failure, mortality, myocardial infarction, revascularisation and stent thrombosis rates (ARC classification). CONCLUSIONS: The TALENT trial aims to assess the safety and effectiveness of the thin-strut SUPRAFLEX compared to the current standard of care (XIENCE EES) in patients with atherosclerotic lesions. This will provide valuable information on the impact of this thin-strut device in an all-comers population.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Implantes Absorvíveis , Europa (Continente) , Everolimo , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Método Simples-Cego , Sirolimo , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Eur Heart J ; 39(41): 3689-3698, 2018 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30312411

RESUMO

Aims: Coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) has emerged as a non-invasive diagnostic method for patients with suspected coronary artery disease, but its usefulness in patients with complex coronary artery disease remains to be investigated. The present study sought to determine the agreement between separate heart teams on treatment decision-making based on either coronary CTA or conventional angiography. Methods and results: Separate heart teams composed of an interventional cardiologist, a cardiac surgeon, and a radiologist were randomized to assess the coronary artery disease with either coronary CTA or conventional angiography in patients with de novo left main or three-vessel coronary artery disease. Each heart team, blinded for the other imaging modality, quantified the anatomical complexity using the SYNTAX score and integrated clinical information using the SYNTAX Score II to provide a treatment recommendations based on mortality prediction at 4 years: coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), or equipoise between CABG and PCI. The primary endpoint was the agreement between heart teams on the revascularization strategy. The secondary endpoint was the impact of fractional flow reserve derived from coronary CTA (FFRCT) on treatment decision and procedural planning. Overall, 223 patients were included. A treatment recommendation of CABG was made in 28% of the cases with coronary CTA and in 26% with conventional angiography. The agreement concerning treatment decision between coronary CTA and conventional angiography was high (Cohen's kappa 0.82, 95% confidence interval 0.74-0.91). The heart teams agreed on the coronary segments to be revascularized in 80% of the cases. FFRCT was available for 869/1108 lesions (196/223 patients). Fractional flow reserve derived from coronary CTA changed the treatment decision in 7% of the patients. Conclusion: In patients with left main or three-vessel coronary artery disease, a heart team treatment decision-making based on coronary CTA showed high agreement with the decision derived from conventional coronary angiography suggesting the potential feasibility of a treatment decision-making and planning based solely on this non-invasive imaging modality and clinical information. Trial registration number: NCT02813473.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisão Clínica/métodos , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Vasos Coronários , Idoso , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea
15.
Lancet ; 392(10153): 1117-1126, 2018 09 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30190206

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The FIREHAWK is a drug-eluting stent with a fully biodegradable sirolimus-containing polymer coating localised to recessed abluminal grooves on the stent surface. We investigated clinical outcomes with this targeted, low-dose, biodegradable polymer, sirolimus-eluting stent compared with XIENCE durable polymer, everolimus-eluting stents in an all-comers population. METHODS: The TARGET All Comers study was a prospective, multicentre, open-label randomised non-inferiority trial done at 21 centres in ten European countries. Patients with symptomatic or asymptomatic coronary artery disease and objective evidence of myocardial ischaemia who qualified for percutaneous coronary intervention were randomised 1:1 to undergo implantation of a FIREHAWK or XIENCE. Randomisation was web-based, with random block allocation and stratification by centre and ST elevation myocardial infarction. Outcome assessors were masked to treatment allocation, but treating physicians and patients were not. The primary endpoint was target lesion failure at 12 months, a composite of cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction, or ischaemia-driven target lesion revascularisation. The control event rate for XIENCE was assumed to be 7%, the non-inferiority margin was 3.5%, and the primary analysis was in the intention-to-treat population, censoring patients who did not have either an event before 365 days or contact beyond 365 days. Late lumen loss was the primary endpoint of an angiographic substudy designed to investigate the non-inferiority of the FIREHAWK compared with the XIENCE stent. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02520180. FINDINGS: From Dec 17, 2015, to Oct 14, 2016, 1653 patients were randomly assigned to implantation of the FIREHAWK (n=823) or XIENCE (n=830). 65 patients in the FIREHAWK group and 66 in the XIENCE group had insufficient follow-up data and were excluded from the analyses. At 12 months, target lesion failure occurred in 46 (6·1%) of 758 patients in the FIREHAWK group and in 45 (5·9%) of 764 patients in the XIENCE group (difference 0·2%, 90% CI -1·9 to 2·2, pnon-inferiority=0·004, 95% CI -2·2 to 2·6, psuperiority=0·88). There were no differences in ischaemia-driven revascularisation or stent thrombosis rates at 12 months. 176 patients were included in the angiographic substudy, in which in-stent late lumen loss was 0·17 mm (SD 0·48) in the FIREHAWK group and 0·11 mm (0·52) in the XIENCE group (p=0·48), with an absolute difference of 0·05 mm (95% CI -0·09 to 0·18, pnon-inferiority=0·024). INTERPRETATION: In a broad all-comers population of patients requiring stent implantation for myocardial ischaemia, the FIREHAWK was non-inferior to the XIENCE as assessed with the primary endpoint of target lesion failure at 12 months and in-stent late lumen loss at 13 months. The FIREHAWK is a safe and effective alternative stent to treat patients with ischaemic coronary artery disease in clinical practice. FUNDING: Shanghai Microport Medical.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Stents Farmacológicos , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Isquemia Miocárdica/cirurgia , Sirolimo/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Estudos de Equivalência como Asunto , Everolimo/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Análise de Intenção de Tratamento , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Eur Heart J ; 39(36): 3381-3389, 2018 09 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30124834

RESUMO

Aim: In current device trials, the values of angiographic late lumen loss (LLL) have become extremely low and the relationship between LLL and clinical endpoints has not been recently re-evaluated. The impact of LLL on target lesion revascularization (TLR) in a patient- and study-level analysis of contemporary coronary devices was investigated. Methods and results: We performed a patient-level meta-analysis of seven randomized controlled trials including 2426 patients treated with first- and second-generation drug-eluting stents (DES) and a study-level meta-analysis of 40 studies including 19 199 patients treated with CE-marked DES. In the patient-level analysis, the probability regression curve showed an exponential relationship between in-stent LLL and 2-year incidence of TLR. The optimal cut-off value of LLL based on Youden's index for 2-year TLR event was 0.50 mm. In the Cox proportional hazard model, LLL >0.50 mm was independently associated with an increased incidence of TLR up to 4 years after angiographic follow-up {adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 6.62 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 4.67-9.39], P < 0.001}. In the meta-regression analysis of the DES studies, pooled mean value of LLL was as low as 0.23 mm (95% CI 0.20-0.26), and there was a moderate correlation between the 1- and 5-year incidence of TLR and the percentage of the lesions with LLL >0.50 mm (R2 = 0.44, P < 0.001 at 1 year, R2 = 0.40, P < 0.001 at 5 years). Conclusion: An angiographic LLL ≤0.50 mm was not predictive of the incidence of TLR whereas a LLL >0.50 mm was. Low LLL in contemporary device trials may not be a sufficiently discriminating parameter for the comparative evaluation of devices.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Stents Farmacológicos , Revascularização Miocárdica/métodos , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/patologia , Humanos
17.
Eur Heart J ; 39(23): 2192-2207, 2018 06 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29897428

RESUMO

The Academic Research Consortium (ARC)-2 initiative revisited the clinical and angiographic end point definitions in coronary device trials, proposed in 2007, to make them more suitable for use in clinical trials that include increasingly complex lesion and patient populations and incorporate novel devices such as bioresorbable vascular scaffolds. In addition, recommendations for the incorporation of patient-related outcomes in clinical trials are proposed. Academic Research Consortium-2 is a collaborative effort between academic research organizations in the United States and Europe, device manufacturers, and European, US, and Asian regulatory bodies. Several in-person meetings were held to discuss the changes that have occurred in the device landscape and in clinical trials and regulatory pathways in the last decade. The consensus-based end point definitions in this document are endorsed by the stakeholders of this document and strongly advocated for clinical trial purposes. This Academic Research Consortium-2 document provides further standardization of end point definitions for coronary device trials, incorporating advances in technology and knowledge. Their use will aid interpretation of trial outcomes and comparison among studies, thus facilitating the evaluation of the safety and effectiveness of these devices.


Assuntos
Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Equipamentos e Provisões , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Implantes Absorvíveis , Ásia , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Stents , Tecidos Suporte , Estados Unidos
18.
Circulation ; 137(24): 2635-2650, 2018 06 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29891620

RESUMO

The Academic Research Consortium (ARC)-2 initiative revisited the clinical and angiographic end point definitions in coronary device trials, proposed in 2007, to make them more suitable for use in clinical trials that include increasingly complex lesion and patient populations and incorporate novel devices such as bioresorbable vascular scaffolds. In addition, recommendations for the incorporation of patient-related outcomes in clinical trials are proposed. Academic Research Consortium-2 is a collaborative effort between academic research organizations in the United States and Europe, device manufacturers, and European, US, and Asian regulatory bodies. Several in-person meetings were held to discuss the changes that have occurred in the device landscape and in clinical trials and regulatory pathways in the last decade. The consensus-based end point definitions in this document are endorsed by the stakeholders of this document and strongly advocated for clinical trial purposes. This Academic Research Consortium-2 document provides further standardization of end point definitions for coronary device trials, incorporating advances in technology and knowledge. Their use will aid interpretation of trial outcomes and comparison among studies, thus facilitating the evaluation of the safety and effectiveness of these devices.


Assuntos
Bioprótese/normas , Implante de Prótese Vascular/normas , Prótese Vascular/normas , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Desenho de Prótese/normas , Stents/normas , Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Consenso , Humanos
19.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 71(24): 2756-2769, 2018 06 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29802016

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The functional SYNTAX score (FSS) has been shown to improve the discrimination for major adverse cardiac events compared with the anatomic SYNTAX score (SS) while reducing interobserver variability. However, evidence supporting the noninvasive FSS in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) is scarce. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of and validate the noninvasive FSS derived from coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) with fractional flow reserve (FFRCT) in patients with 3-vessel CAD. METHODS: The CTA-SS was calculated in patients with 3-vessel CAD included in the SYNTAX II (SYNergy between percutaneous coronary intervention with TAXus and cardiac surgery II) study. The noninvasive FSS was determined by including only ischemia-producing lesions (FFRCT ≤0.80). SS derived from different imaging modalities were compared using the Bland-Altman and Passing-Bablok method, and the agreement on the SS tertiles was investigated with Cohen's Kappa. The risk reclassification was compared between the noninvasive and invasive physiological assessment, and the diagnostic accuracy of FFRCT was assessed by the area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve using instantaneous wave-free ratio as a reference. RESULTS: The CTA-SS was feasible in 86% of patients (66 of 77), whereas the noninvasive FSS was feasible in 80% (53 of 66). The anatomic SS was overestimated by CTA compared with conventional angiography (27.6 ± 6.4 vs. 25.3 ± 6.9; p < 0.0001) whereas the calculation of the FSS yielded similar results between the noninvasive and invasive imaging modalities (21.6 ± 7.8 vs. 21.2 ± 8.8; p = 0.589). The noninvasive FSS reclassified 30% of patients from the high- and intermediate-SS tertiles to the low-risk tertile, whereas invasive FSS reclassified 23% of patients from the high- and intermediate-SS tertiles to the low-risk tertile. The agreement on the classic SS tertiles based on Kappa statistics was slight for the anatomic SS (Kappa = 0.19) and fair for the FSS (Kappa = 0.32). The diagnostic accuracy of FFRCT to detect functional significant stenosis based on an instantaneous wave-free ratio ≤0.89 revealed an area under the receiver-operating characteristics curve of 0.85 (95% CI: 0.79 to 0.90) with a sensitivity of 95% (95% CI: 89% to 98%), specificity of 61% (95% CI: 48% to 73%), positive predictive value of 81% (95% CI: 76% to 86%), and negative predictive value of 87% (95% CI: 74% to 94%). CONCLUSIONS: Calculation of the noninvasive FSS is feasible and yielded similar results to those obtained with invasive pressure-wire assessment. The agreement on the SYNTAX score tertile classification improved with the inclusion of the functional component from slight to fair agreement. FFRCT has good accuracy in detecting functionally significant lesions in patients with 3-vessel CAD. (A Trial to Evaluate a New Strategy in the Functional Assessment of 3-Vessel Disease Using SYNTAX II Score in Patients Treated With PCI; NCT02015832).


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Idoso , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
20.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 11(3): 287-297, 2018 02 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29361447

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare a new quantitative angiographic technique to cardiac magnetic resonance-derived regurgitation fraction (CMR-RF) for the quantification of prosthetic valve regurgitation (PVR) after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). BACKGROUND: PVR after TAVR is challenging to quantify, especially during the procedure. METHODS: Post-replacement aortograms in 135 TAVR recipients were analyzed offline by videodensitometry to measure the ratio of the time-resolved contrast density in the left ventricular outflow tract to that in the aortic root (videodensitometric aortic regurgitation [VD-AR]). CMR was performed within an interval of ≤30 days (11 ± 6 days) after the procedure. RESULTS: The average CMR-RF was 6.7 ± 7.0% whereas the average VD-AR was 7.0 ± 7.0%. The correlation between VD-AR and CMR-RF was substantial (r = 0.78, p < 0.001). On receiver-operating characteristic curves, a VD-AR ≥10% corresponded to >mild PVR as defined by CMR-RF (area under the curve: 0.94; p < 0.001; sensitivity 100%, specificity 83%), whereas a VD-AR ≥25% corresponded to moderate-to-severe PVR (area under the curve: 0.99; p = 0.004; sensitivity 100%, specificity 98%). Intraobserver reproducibility was excellent for both techniques (for CMR-RF, intraclass correlation coefficient: 0.91, p < 0.001; for VD-AR intraclass correlation coefficient: 0.93, p < 0.001). The difference on rerating was -0.04 ± 7.9% for CMR-RF and -0.40 ± 6.8% for VD-AR. CONCLUSIONS: The angiographic VD-AR provides a surrogate assessment of PVR severity after TAVR that correlates well with the CMR-RF.


Assuntos
Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Aortografia/métodos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Densitometria , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Humanos , Masculino , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/instrumentação , Resultado do Tratamento
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