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1.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30962160

RESUMO

Although iodine nutrition in Spain has improved in recent years, the problem is not completely resolved. It is necessary that health institutions establish measures to ensure an adequate iodine nutrition of the population, especially among the highest risk groups (children and adolescents, women of childbearing age, pregnant women and nursing mothers). A low salt intake should be advised, but it should be iodized. It is also imperative that food control agencies establish effective control over adequate iodization of salt. Indicators on iodine nutrition should be included in future health surveys. The EUthyroid study and the Krakow Declaration on iodine nutrition provide an opportunity to set up a pan-European plan for the prevention of iodine deficiency that should be considered and used by health authorities.

2.
An Pediatr (Barc) ; 90(4): 250.e1-250.e8, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30686624

RESUMO

The screening program of congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is probably one of the best achievements in paediatrics. Thyroid hormones are essential for brain development and brain maturation that continue through the neonatal period. Hypothyroidism that begins in the first months of life causes irreversible damage to the central nervous system, and is one of the most frequent and preventable causes of mental retardation. As children with congenital hypothyroidism are born with a normal appearance, analytical studies are required to immediately start the appropriate therapy. This article analyses the aims, diagnostic procedures, tests required, aetiology, and differential diagnosis in this disorder. Especially relevant is to perform frequent monitoring to ensure dose adjustments of L-Thyroxine therapy, avoiding infra- or supra-dosing that negatively affects neurosensory functions. Re-evaluation of the aetiology permanent vs transient hypothyroidism is always recommended after 3years of chronological age. The relevance of this screening program should be widely discussed in paediatrics. The main objective is to avoid cerebral damage in these patients, and has been highly successful and economically beneficial. Other aspects are required to optimise patient outcomes, to perform all the controls according to the recommendations and to include, in the near future, the diagnosis of central hypothyroidism. Implementation of this program is necessary to progress in accordance with current scientific knowledge.

3.
An. pediatr. (2003. Ed. impr.) ; 89(4): 254.e1-254.e7, oct. 2018. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-177108

RESUMO

El objetivo de este documento es revisar las recomendaciones actuales en el manejo del hijo de madre con patología autoinmune tiroidea. En este 2017 se ha publicado la guía de la Asociación Americana de Tiroides para el diagnóstico y manejo de la enfermedad tiroidea durante el embarazo y el posparto. En dicha guía se establecen 97 recomendaciones y se propone un algoritmo de diagnóstico y tratamiento del hipotiroidismo gestacional. También en este último año se ha publicado una amplia revisión sobre el abordaje fetal y neonatal del hijo de madre con enfermedad de Graves. Se insiste en la trascendencia de la determinación de anticuerpos maternos frente al receptor de TSH en la segunda mitad del embarazo para estratificar adecuadamente el riesgo en el neonato


The objective of this document is to review the current recommendations in the management of the foetus and the newborn child born to mothers with autoimmune thyroid disease. In 2017, the American Thyroid Association published guidelines for the diagnosis and management of thyroid disease during pregnancy and post-partum. In this guide, 97 recommendations were made, and an algorithm for the diagnosis and treatment of gestational hypothyroidism was proposed. Also, in this last year, a wide review was been published on the foetal and neonatal approach of the child of a mother with Graves’ disease. The importance of the determination of maternal antibodies against thyrotropin receptor in the second half of pregnancy is stressed, in order to adequately stratify the risk in the neonate


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Doenças Autoimunes , Doenças Fetais/diagnóstico , Doenças Fetais/terapia , Doenças do Recém-Nascido/diagnóstico , Doenças do Recém-Nascido/terapia , Complicações na Gravidez , Doenças da Glândula Tireoide , Seguimentos , Doença de Graves/complicações , Doença de Hashimoto/complicações
4.
An Pediatr (Barc) ; 89(4): 254.e1-254.e7, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30177500

RESUMO

The objective of this document is to review the current recommendations in the management of the foetus and the newborn child born to mothers with autoimmune thyroid disease. In 2017, the American Thyroid Association published guidelines for the diagnosis and management of thyroid disease during pregnancy and post-partum. In this guide, 97 recommendations were made, and an algorithm for the diagnosis and treatment of gestational hypothyroidism was proposed. Also, in this last year, a wide review was been published on the foetal and neonatal approach of the child of a mother with Graves' disease. The importance of the determination of maternal antibodies against thyrotropin receptor in the second half of pregnancy is stressed, in order to adequately stratify the risk in the neonate.

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