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3.
Eur J Pediatr ; 2019 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31814050

RESUMO

Until recently, trisomy 18 was considered a disease incompatible with life, with a high percentage of electively terminated pregnancies. The usual behavior was denial of treatment. But some medical interventions have changed the survival of children. A search for articles published in the PubMed database on the latest medical decisions in newborns with trisomy 18 was done. Two main subjects were examined: (1) the chances of survival and (2) the perception of quality of life. Trisomy 18 is no longer considered a disease incompatible with life, and the discussion has shifted towards the type of treatment that is appropriate to initiate at birth. There are two medical attitudes towards these children: either palliative care or life-prolonging interventions. With medical intervention, the survival is as high as 23% at 5 years of age. Regarding the quality of life, all decision-makers emphasize the possibility of taking the child home. The physicians' perception is more pessimistic than that of the parents. Only a few children benefit from medical interventions.Conclusion: There is a rethinking of treatment behavior in children with trisomy 18. The possible quality of life achieved should be further investigated. It seems inappropriate to simply dismiss medical interventions.What is Known• Until recently, trisomy 18 was considered a disease incompatible with life. The most common behavior was abortion and denial of treatment.What is New• It is no longer considered a lethal disease. The type of medical intervention that is appropriate to perform is now being discussed. Selected children benefit from an interventionist approach.

4.
An Pediatr (Barc) ; 2019 Dec 19.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31866234

RESUMO

In the last few years, there are an increased number of families following a vegetarian diet, including their children. In order to guarantee child heath, paediatricians need to know the characteristics of this diet and the main foods that are used. There are few data on the medium and long-term health outcomes when removing all animal foods from the child's diet, especially at younger ages. Nevertheless, new tools have recently become available to facilitate following a vegetarian diet and decreasing the risk of deficiencies. In this document, the group of foods commonly used in vegetarian diets are reviewed, as well as recommendations for each age group. It also mentions the need to use B12 supplements at all ages, as well as other nutrients (iodine, iron, vitaminD3, poly-unsaturated fatty acid n-3), when required. A vegetarian or a vegan diet, as in any other kind of diet, needs to be carefully designed. After reviewing current evidence, even though following a vegetarian diet at any age does not necessarily mean it is unsafe, it is advisable for infant and young children to follow an omnivorous diet or, at least, an ovo-lacto-vegetarian diet.

12.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31399332

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hereditary fructose intolerance is a metabolic disease due to an aldolase B deficiency. Our objective was to ascertain the social and health care needs of those with this deficiency. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective, observational study was performed. A survey of social and health care needs was conducted to hereditary fructose intolerance patients living in Spain. RESULTS: Most patients had been diagnosed, mainly by genetic analysis in children and based on fructose overload in adults. Population surveyed had no sequelae (72.34%) or disability (64%), and 83.33% of children and 52.38% of adults were taking drugs (p <.05) (2.06 drugs on average). Most patients had attended medical visits in the past two years, mainly in metabolic disease units (42.5%) and/or nutrition units (42.5%), but less than a half attended reference centers (mostly children [p <0.05]). Although 48% were satisfied with health care, they felt discriminated in recreational activities, school, health and/or daily activities. The most reliable sources of information were the specialized care physician (69.39%) and patients' association (59.18%). Fifty-five percent reported no problem in any quality of life dimension, although some had problems in daily activities, pain, and anxiety. CONCLUSIONS: Although hereditary fructose intolerance is less disabling than other rare diseases, it is important to know the needs of those who suffer from it. Although time to diagnosis has shortened, the poorer health care and satisfaction with it perceived in adults makes it necessary to emphasize the needs of this population, and the critical need of training and information of health care professionals.

15.
Nutr Hosp ; 36(1): 218-232, 2019 Mar 07.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30836758

RESUMO

Introduction: Growth and development are determined by genetic and environmental factors since the very early embryonic life. Long-term health risks, as obesity and other non-communicable diseases (NCD), could be programmed since these early stages. Early life, characterized by plasticity, is the ideal time to intervene and to prevent the risk of suffering a NCD (window of opportunity). Optimal nutrition during the first 1,000 days, since conception to the end of the second year of life, has a determinant role for long-term health. Pregnancy, infancy and toddler periods have specific nutritional requirements. Intestinal microbiota enhances maturation and functioning of the immune system. The interactions between host and intestinal microbiota are potential factors influencing early programming of the intestinal function. Alterations in intestinal colonization are associated to a higher risk of allergic diseases in childhood. Scientific evidence supports the fact that the first 1,000 days are crucial to achieve a better long-term health and represents a strategic period to intervene under the perspective of prevention and public health.


Assuntos
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição do Lactente/fisiologia , Doenças não Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Pré-Natal/fisiologia , Adulto , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Estado Nutricional , Obesidade/prevenção & controle , Gravidez , Medicina Preventiva , Saúde Pública
18.
Nutr. hosp ; 36(1): 218-232, ene.-feb. 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-183206

RESUMO

El crecimiento y desarrollo de un individuo está determinado desde la etapa embrionaria por su genética y los factores ambientales con los que interactúa. Los riesgos para la salud infantil y adulta pueden programarse durante las etapas fetal-neonatal y esta programación metabólica precoz puede afectar al desarrollo posterior de enfermedades como la obesidad y otras enfermedades no transmisibles (ENT) asociadas. La vida temprana, por la gran plasticidad que la caracteriza, constituye el momento ideal para intervenir y prevenir el riesgo de ENT (ventana de oportunidad). Una nutrición óptima durante los primeros 1000 días, que comprende desde la concepción hasta los dos años, es clave para la salud a lo largo de la vida. El rápido crecimiento y desarrollo del organismo y sus funciones durante el embarazo, la lactancia y el niño de corta edad conlleva requisitos nutricionales específicos en cada una de estas etapas. La microbiota del tracto gastrointestinal desempeña una labor fundamental en la función y el desarrollo del sistema inmune. Las interacciones entre el hospedador y su microbiota intestinal se consideran factores potenciales en la programación temprana de las funciones intestinales, con una evidencia creciente de que las alteraciones de la colonización bacteriana en el neonato se asocian con un mayor riesgo de enfermedad, incluidas las enfermedades alérgicas. La evidencia científica acumulada muestra que los primeros 1000 días son cruciales para alcanzar el mejor desarrollo y salud a largo plazo, y constituyen un periodo estratégico en términos de prevención y salud pública


Growth and development are determined by genetic and environmental factors since the very early embryonic life. Long-term health risks, as obesity and other non-communicable diseases (NCD), could be programmed since these early stages. Early life, characterized by plasticity, is the ideal time to intervene and to prevent the risk of suffering a NCD (window of opportunity). Optimal nutrition during the first 1,000 days, since conception to the end of the second year of life, has a determinant role for long-term health. Pregnancy, infancy and toddler periods have specific nutritional requirements. Intestinal microbiota enhances maturation and functioning of the immune system. The interactions between host and intestinal microbiota are potential factors influencing early programming of the intestinal function. Alterations in intestinal colonization are associated to a higher risk of allergic diseases in childhood. Scientific evidence supports the fact that the first 1,000 days are crucial to achieve a better long-term health and represents a strategic period to intervene under the perspective of prevention and public health


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Adulto , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição do Lactente , Doenças não Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Pré-Natal , Estado Nutricional , Obesidade/prevenção & controle , Medicina Preventiva , Saúde Pública
20.
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