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1.
Reumatol Clin ; 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31558361

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess whether there are any real-life differences between ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients treated with NSAID or TNF inhibitors (TNFi) regarding disease activity. METHODS: This is an observational transversal unicentric study with retrospective retrieval of data from clinical records of all AS patients attended in our hospital. We compared clinical activity measured by Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) scores between patients treated with NSAID and those treated with TNFi, in terms of low disease activity defined as BASDAI<4, and inactivity when BASDAI≤2. As secondary variables, we also collected epidemiological, clinical and radiological data from all those patients. RESULTS: A total of 152 AS patients (81% male), with an average age of 49.45±12.38 years and a disease duration of 13.5±9.79 years were included in the study. Eighty-nine patients (58.6%) were treated with NSAID and 63 (41.4%) with TNFi. The proportion of patients with low disease activity and inactive disease was significantly higher in the TNFi treatment group compared to the NSAID group (81 vs. 47, P=.0001) and (44 vs. 24, P=.007), respectively. Patients treated with NSAIDs also showed significantly more global pain and night pain than those under TNFi therapy. The BASFI score and especially the type of treatment (NSAID or TNFI) were the only variables independently associated with low disease activity or inactive disease. CONCLUSION: In real world practice, AS patients under TNFi treatment show a better control of clinical symptoms than those under NSAIDs.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31529686

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence and analyze any cancer-associated factors in patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) differentiating between hormone-sensitive (HS) and non-HS cancers. METHODS: Retrospective multicentric study of a patient cohort from the SLE Registry of the Spanish Society of Rheumatology (RELESSER - Spanish acronym). Included are the following: the first cancer post-SLE diagnosis, clinical and sociodemographic information, cumulative damage, severity, comorbidities, treatments and refractoriness. Cancers were classified as HS (prostate, breast, endometrium and ovarian) and non-HS (the rest). Standardized Incidence Ratio (SIR) was calculated and logistic regression models were built. RESULTS: 3,539 patients (90.4% women) were included, 154 of whom presented cancer (91% women), 44 HS (100% women). Cancer SIR was 1.37 (CI 95%: 1.15-1.59), with higher values in women under 65s [2.38 (CI 95%: 1.84-2.91)]. SIR in women with HS vs. non-HS cancer was 1.02 (CI 95%: 0.13-1.91) and 1.93 (CI 95%: 0.98-2.89)], respectively. In HS vs. non-HS cancers, SLE diagnostic age [odds ratio (OR) 1.04 (p= 0.002) vs. 1.04 (p= 0.019), respectively] and period of disease evolution [OR 1.01 (p< 0.001) vs. 1.00 (p= 0.029), respectively] were associated with cancer. SLICC/ACR damage index [OR 1.27 (p= 0.022)] and ACE inhibitor prescriptions [OR 2.87 (p= 0.048)] were associated with non-HS cancers. CONCLUSION: Cancer incidence in SLE patients is higher than in the Spanish population, particularly among young women. This increase might be due to non-HS cancers, which would be associated with an SLE involving greater cumulative damage where more ACE inhibitors are prescribed.

3.
Rheumatol Int ; 39(12): 2119-2127, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535169

RESUMO

The objective of our study was to standardize magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) assessment of spine and sacroiliac joints in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) and/or inflammatory spinal pain, by creating checklists and templates based on the opinions of rheumatologists and radiologists. A scientific committee developed a series of questionnaires with multiple items regarding MRI in patients with axial inflammatory pain and/or axSpA. Then an expert panel of rheumatologists and radiologists rated all items in a 9-point Likert scale. Finally, the scientific committee and the expert panel met to create the definitive documents. Several definitive checklists and templates were generated for rheumatologist-requested MRI and for radiologist-requested MRI reports of sacroiliac joint and spinal examinations. A technical requirement protocol was also agreed on. Our results could be useful in increasing understanding between rheumatologists and radiologists regarding MRI in axSpA diagnosis and follow-up.

4.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 15(supl.1): 14-18, abr. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: ibc-ET1-3356

RESUMO

Las espondiloartritis (EspA) son una familia amplia y heterogénea de enfermedades reumáticas inflamatorias que condiciona la inflamación de la entesis. Presentan unas características radiológicas específicas que consisten en la combinación de fenómenos destructivos y neoformativos que se objetivan en las diferentes técnicas de imagen utilizadas. Estas técnicas de imagen son la radiología convencional (Rx), la resonancia magnética (RM), la ecografía (US, ultrasound), la tomografía computarizada (TC) y la gammagrafía ósea (GGO). La radiología simple continúa siendo importante aunque las nuevas técnicas de imagen, como la RM y la US, están adquiriendo cada vez mayor importancia tanto en el proceso diagnóstico como en el tratamiento, además de ayudar a profundizar en el conocimiento de la patogenia de dichas enfermedades. La Rx y la TC permiten valorar lesiones estructurales, mientras que la RM y la US permiten valorar, además, la actividad de la enfermedad a través de la valoración de lesiones agudas. Por todo ello, el profesional clínico debe ser conocedor de las ventajas y las limitaciones de las técnicas de imagen para obtener el máximo beneficio de todas ellas en los diferentes aspectos de diagnóstico y tratamiento de las EspA, aunque siempre de deba tener en consideración que la imagen es una herramienta más al servicio del reumatólogo para facilitar y mejorar el tratamiento de las EspA


Spondyloarthritis (SpA) are a broad and heterogeneous family of inflammatory rheumatic diseases involving inflammation of the enthesis. They show certain specific radiologic characteristics consisting of destructive phenomena and neoformation, which can be seen with the various types of imaging techniques used. These techniques are conventional radiography (CR), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasound (US), computed tomography (CT) and skeletal scintigraphy. Plain-film radiography continues to be important, although newer imaging techniques such as MRI and US are acquiring increasing importance in both diagnosis and management, as well as allowing more in-depth knowledge of the pathogenesis of these diseases. CR and CT allow assessment of structural inflammatory lesions, while MRI and US also permit evaluation of disease activity through assessment of acute lesions. Consequently, clinicians should be familiar with the advantages and disadvantages of imaging techniques to obtain the maximum benefit from them in the various aspects of the diagnosis and management of SpA. It is important to bear in mind that imaging techniques are among the tools available to rheumatologists to aid and improve the management of SpA

5.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 21(1): 88, 2019 04 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30953541

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent data suggest that anti-TNF doses can be reduced in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients. Some authors even propose withdrawing treatment in patients in clinical remission; however, at present there is no evidence to support this. OBJECTIVE: To assess how long AS patients with persistent clinical remission remained free of flares after anti-TNF withdrawal and to evaluate the effects of treatment reintroduction. We also analyze the characteristics of patients who did not present clinical relapse. METHODS: Multicenter, prospective, observational study of a cohort of patients with active AS who had received infliximab as a first anti-TNF treatment and who presented persistent remission (more than 6 months). We recorded at baseline and every 6-8 weeks over the 12-month period the age, gender, disease duration, peripheral arthritis or enthesitis, HLA-B27 status, BASDAI, CRP, ESR, BASFI, and three visual analogue scales, spine global pain, spinal night time pain, and patient's global assessment. RESULTS: Thirty-six out of 107 patients (34%) presented persistent remission and were included in our study. After treatment withdrawal, 21 of these 36 patients (58%) presented clinical relapse during follow-up. Infliximab therapy was reintroduced and only 52% achieved clinical remission, as they had before the discontinuation of infliximab; in an additional 10%, reintroduction of infliximab was ineffective, obliging us to change the anti-TNF therapy. No clinical or biological factors were associated with the occurrence of relapse during the follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Two thirds of patients in clinical remission presented clinical relapse shortly after infliximab withdrawal. Although the reintroduction of infliximab treatment was safe, half of the patients did not present the same clinical response that they had achieved prior to treatment withdrawal.

6.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 20(1): 221, 2018 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30285828

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess HLA-B27 influence on the clinical phenotype of Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) patients. METHOD: An observational, cross-sectional and descriptive study of AS patients from the Spanish REGISPONSER database was performed. Demographic, clinical, disease activity (Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI), Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and C-reactive protein (CRP)), and radiographic data (Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Radiology Index (BASRI) score) were compared regarding HLA-B27 status. A univariate and multivariate analysis was performed to identify variables independently related to the presence of HLA-B27. RESULTS: Data from 1235 patients (74.8% male) were analyzed; 1029 were HLA-B27 positive (83%). HLA-B27-positive patients showed higher family aggregation and an earlier onset of disease compared with those who were HLA-B27 negative. HLA-B27-negative patients presented statistically higher BASDAI and BASFI scores and higher prevalence of arthritis, dactylitis, and extra-articular manifestations (psoriasis and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)) but not anytime uveitis compared with those who were HLA-B27 positive. In the multivariate analysis, family history (odds ratio (OR) 2.10, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.27-3.49), younger age at diagnosis (OR 0.97, 95% CI 0.96-0.98), presence of peripheral arthritis (OR 0.53, 95% CI 0.32-0.89), dactylitis (OR 0.16, 95% CI 0.05-0.56), psoriasis (OR 0.45, 95% CI 0.26-0.78), and IBD (OR 0.22, 95% CI 0.12-0.40) were the main variables independently related to the presence or not of HLA-B27. CONCLUSION: In Caucasian AS patients, the presence of HLA-B27 is related to an earlier disease onset and higher family aggregation. Absence of HLA-B27 is related to a higher frequency of peripheral arthritis, dactylitis, and extra-articular manifestations. Being HLAB27 positive is not related to a higher burden of disease or anytime uveitis.

7.
Acta Derm Venereol ; 2018 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30281142

RESUMO

This cross-sectional study evaluated the usefulness of an ultrasound technique in assessment of nail changes in 35 patients with psoriatic onychopathy and 25 with nail dystrophy secondary to onychomycosis. All patients underwent 3 examinations: a complete clinical assessment; a nail ultrasound study; and fungal culture. Nails of patients with psoriatic onychopathy presented a thinner nail plate and nail bed, measured by ultrasound, than did those with onychomycosis. The percentage of patients with a power Doppler signal ≥2 at nail bed was significantly higher in psoriatic onychopathy than in onychomycosis, and structural bone lesions were more frequent in psoriatic onychopathy than in onychomycosis. These results suggest that the presence of structural damage and high-power Doppler signal are the main ultrasound findings supporting a diagnosis of psoriatic onychopathy.

8.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 14(5): 254-268, sept.-oct. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-175987

RESUMO

Objetivo: La primera finalidad de este documento de recomendaciones es proporcionar al clínico la mejor evidencia disponible y, en su defecto, la mejor opinión consensuada por los panelistas para un uso racional y fundado de las diversas opciones de tratamiento con fármacos antirreumáticos modificadores de la enfermedad (FAME) sintéticos y biológicos en artropatía psoriásica (APs). El presente documento también incide sobre aspectos importantes en el manejo de la APs, como el diagnóstico precoz, los objetivos terapéuticos, las comorbilidades y la optimización del tratamiento. Métodos: Las recomendaciones se consensuaron a través de un panel de 8 reumatólogos expertos, previamente seleccionados por la Sociedad Española de Reumatología (SER) mediante una convocatoria abierta. Las fases del trabajo fueron: identificación de las áreas claves para la actualización del consenso anterior, análisis y síntesis de la evidencia científica (sistema modificado de Oxford, CEBM, 2009) y formulación de recomendaciones a partir de esta evidencia y de técnicas de consenso. Resultados: Se emiten un total de 17 recomendaciones para el tratamiento de los pacientes con APs. Seis de ellas de carácter general, que abarcan desde la transcendencia del diagnóstico y tratamiento precoz hasta la importancia de las comorbilidades. El resto, las 11 específicas, se centran en las indicaciones de los FAME y la terapia biológica en las diferentes formas clínicas de la enfermedad. Así mismo, se abordan las situaciones de fracaso a un primer biológico y se incluyen los algoritmos de tratamientos y una tabla con las diferentes terapias biológicas. Conclusiones: Se presenta la actualización de las recomendaciones de la SER para el tratamiento de la APs con FAME y terapia biológica


Objective: The main purpose of this recommendation statement is to provide clinicians with the best available evidence and the best opinion agreed upon by the panelists for a rational use of synthetic disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and biologicals in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) patients. The present document also focuses on important aspects in the management of PsA, such as early diagnosis, therapeutic objectives, comorbidities and optimization of treatment. Methods: The recommendations were agreed by consensus by a panel of 8 expert rheumatologists, previously selected by the Spanish Society of Rheumatology (SER) through an open call. The phases of the work were: identification of key areas for updating the previous consensus, analysis and synthesis of scientific evidence (modified Oxford system, Centre for Evidence-based Medicine, 2009) and formulation of recommendations based on this evidence and by consensus techniques. Results: Seventeen recommendations were issued for the treatment of PsA patients. Six of them were of general nature, ranging from the early diagnosis and treatment to the importance of assessing comorbidities. The other 11 were focused on the indications for DMARDs and biological therapy in the distinct clinical forms of the disease. Likewise, the situation of failure of the first biological is addressed and treatment algorithms and a table with the different biological therapies are also included. Conclusions: We present the update of SER recommendations for the treatment of PsA with DMARDs and biologics


Assuntos
Humanos , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Biológica , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Padrões de Prática Médica
9.
Oncotarget ; 9(68): 32984-32996, 2018 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30250644

RESUMO

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) is the most frequent type of pancreatic cancer and one of the deadliest diseases overall. New biomarkers are urgently needed to allow early diagnosis, one of the only factors that currently improves prognosis. Here we analyzed whether the detection of circulating galectin-1 (Gal-1), a soluble carbohydrate-binding protein overexpressed in PDA tissue samples, can be used as a biomarker for PDA. Gal-1 levels were determined by ELISA in plasma from healthy controls and patients diagnosed with PDA, using three independent cohorts. Patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP) were also included in the study to analyze the potential of Gal-1 to discriminate between cancer and inflammatory process. Plasma Gal-1 levels were significantly increased in patients with PDA as compared to controls in all three cohorts. Gal-1 sensitivity and specificity values were similar to that of the CA19-9 biomarker (the only FDA-approved blood test biomarker for PDA), and the combination of Gal-1 and CA19-9 significantly improved their individual discriminatory powers. Moreover, high levels of Gal-1 were associated with lower survival in patients with non-resected tumors. Collectively, our data indicate a strong potential of using circulating Gal-1 levels as a biomarker for detection and prognostics of patients with PDA.

10.
J Ultrasound Med ; 2018 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30203593

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess ultrasound (US) abnormalities in patients with clinical and radiographic features of femoracetabular impingement (FAI) without radiologic osteoarthritis. METHODS: This study included patients aged 50 years or younger with hip pain and clinical and radiographic signs suggestive of FAI but without radiographic hip osteoarthritis. Demographic characteristics, the symptom duration, and the radiologic type of FAI were recorded. Ultrasound examinations assessed for anterior labral abnormalities, osteophytes, bone cortex irregularities, capsular distension, and acetabulofemoral and femoral head-to-neck distances. A balanced group of healthy volunteers was used as control participants. RESULTS: Forty-four patients with FAI were evaluated. Ultrasound changes were found in 93.2% of patients, with 63.6% showing some kind of labral abnormality, 40.9% showing articular cartilage abnormalities, 38.6% showing bone contour irregularities, and 29.5% showing osteophytes. The cartilage width and symptom duration were inferior in patients with a damaged articular surface compared with those without (P = .005 and .012, respectively). Patients showing osteophytes on US examinations were slightly older (P = .048). Patients with cam-type FAI were more frequently male (P = .0001) and younger (P = .022) compared with those who had pincer-type FAI and also had a shorter symptom duration (P < .05). Patients with symptoms for 2 years or less had a shorter femoral cartilage width (P = .027). Femoral head-to-neck distances were shorter in patients compared with controls (P = .0005). Only 1 patient in the control group showed some US abnormality. CONCLUSIONS: Ultrasound showed detected abnormalities in a significant proportion of patients with symptomatic FAI in early phases of the disease. Additional longitudinal studies are warranted to establish the prognostic importance of these US changes.© 2018 by the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine.

11.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 14(3): 155-159, mayo-jun. 2018. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-174100

RESUMO

Objetivo. Estandarizar la evaluación clínica de pacientes con espondiloartritis (EspA) axial y artritis psoriásica (APs). Métodos. Estudio cualitativo que incluyó: 1) grupo nominal (18 expertos); 2) revisión de la literatura sobre variables empleadas en la evaluación de los pacientes con EspA axial o APs, y 3) grupo focal con reumatólogos y otro con pacientes con EspA axial o APs para analizar la evaluación de las EspA en las consultas de reumatología. Los expertos seleccionaron las variables a incluir en el cuadro de actuación con base en su relevancia, factibilidad en consulta y método/s de medición. Resultados. El cuadro de actuación incluye las variables para valorar antecedentes personales, exploración física, actividad y función, pruebas complementarias y tratamientos. Detalla factores de riesgo de progresión radiográfica, factores predictores de respuesta a terapia biológica, e incluye variables de excelencia. Conclusiones. Este cuadro de actuación para pacientes con EspA axial y APs podrá ayudar a homogeneizar la práctica clínica diaria y a mejorar el manejo y el pronóstico de estos pacientes


Objective. To standardize clinical evaluation of patients with axial spondyloarthritis (SpA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) using a checklist. Methods. Qualitative study that included: 1) nominal group (18 experts); 2) literature reviews of measures used in the assessment of patients with axial SpA or PsA; and 3) focus groups, one with rheumatologists and another with patients, organized to become familiar with their opinion on medical assistance. Taking this into account, the experts selected the measures to be included in the checklist based on their relevance, feasibility, and the outcome type. Results. The checklist includes measures for the evaluation of personal history, physical examination, activity and function, laboratory tests, imaging studies and treatments. It also defines risk factors of radiographic progression, predictors of the response to biological therapies, and comprises measures of excellence. Conclusions. This checklist for patients with axial SpA and PsA could help standardize daily clinical practice and improve clinical management and patient prognosis


Assuntos
Humanos , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto , Espondilartrite/diagnóstico , Artrite Psoriásica/diagnóstico , Exame Físico/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Prognóstico , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Análise Qualitativa , Projetos , Espondilartrite/terapia , Artrite Psoriásica/terapia , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Análise Estatística
12.
Rheumatol Int ; 38(7): 1277-1284, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29786781

RESUMO

To develop and evaluate a web application based on multimedia animations, combined with a training program, to improve the prescription of exercises in spondyloarthritis (SpA). After a review of exercises included in the main clinical trials and recommendations of international societies, a multidisciplinary team-rehabilitators, rheumatologists, physiotherapists, computer scientists and graphic designers-developed a web application for the prescription of exercises (EJES-3D). Once completed, this was presented to 12 pairs of rehabilitators-rheumatologists from the same hospital in a workshop. Knowledge about exercise was tested in rheumatologists before and 6 months after the workshop, when they also evaluated the application. The EJES-3D application includes 38 multimedia videos and allows prescribing predesigned programs or customizing them. A patient can consult the prescribed exercises at any time from a device with internet connection (mobile, tablet, or computer). The vast majority of the evaluators (89%) were satisfied or very satisfied and considered that their expectations regarding the usefulness of the web application had been met. They highlighted the ability to tailor exercises adapted to the different stages of the disease and the quality and variety of the videos. They also indicated some limitations of the application and operational problems. The EJES-3D tool was positively evaluated by experts in SpA, potentially the most demanding group of users with the most critical capacity. This allows a preliminary validation of the contents, usefulness, and ease of use. Analyzing and correcting the errors and limitations detected is allowing us to improve the EJES-3D tool.

13.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2018 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29745878

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study whether disease status at treatment initiation has changed after the issue of the ASAS classification criteria. METHODS: REGISPONSERBIO registers patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) on biological treatment since 2013. It includes patients starting biological treatment (incident) or already on biological therapies (prevalent). Patients in both groups were compared in terms of: age at disease onset and at treatment start, disease duration, gender, HLA-B27, body mass index (BMI), BASDAI, BASFI, C-reactive protein, ESR, metrological data, ASQoL, WAPAI, extra-articular manifestations, comorbidities, radiological study, type of biological treatment and concomitant treatments. RESULTS: 256 patients were included, of whom 174 (65%) were already on biologic therapy. Compared to incident patients, prevalent patients started treatment with longer disease duration (15 vs. 8.6 years; p<0.001), a higher proportion of them were men (83% vs. 67%; p=0.01), a smaller proportion of them showed non-radiographic axial spondylarthritis (nr-axSpA)(17% vs. 32%; p<0.01), and a higher proportion had HLAB27 (85% vs. 73%; p=0.02). There were no statistically significant differences in terms of disease activity, degree of disability, quality of life, or prevalence of extra-articular manifestations. CONCLUSIONS: Data suggest that, after the issue of the new classification criteria for SpA, biological therapy is being administered earlier than previously in SpA patients and in a higher proportion of patients with nr-axSpA. However, this change in prescribing profile, apparently, has not caused an over-treatment, as patients do not seem to have a lower disease burden than prior to the issue of the criteria.

14.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 115(16): E3769-E3778, 2018 04 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29615514

RESUMO

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) remains one of the most lethal tumor types, with extremely low survival rates due to late diagnosis and resistance to standard therapies. A more comprehensive understanding of the complexity of PDA pathobiology, and especially of the role of the tumor microenvironment in disease progression, should pave the way for therapies to improve patient response rates. In this study, we identify galectin-1 (Gal1), a glycan-binding protein that is highly overexpressed in PDA stroma, as a major driver of pancreatic cancer progression. Genetic deletion of Gal1 in a Kras-driven mouse model of PDA (Ela-KrasG12Vp53-/- ) results in a significant increase in survival through mechanisms involving decreased stroma activation, attenuated vascularization, and enhanced T cell infiltration leading to diminished metastasis rates. In a human setting, human pancreatic stellate cells (HPSCs) promote cancer proliferation, migration, and invasion via Gal1-driven pathways. Moreover, in vivo orthotopic coinjection of pancreatic tumor cells with Gal1-depleted HPSCs leads to impaired tumor formation and metastasis in mice. Gene-expression analyses of pancreatic tumor cells exposed to Gal1 reveal modulation of multiple regulatory pathways involved in tumor progression. Thus, Gal1 hierarchically regulates different events implicated in PDA biology including tumor cell proliferation, invasion, angiogenesis, inflammation, and metastasis, highlighting the broad therapeutic potential of Gal1-specific inhibitors, either alone or in combination with other therapeutic modalities.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/terapia , Galectina 1/fisiologia , Galectinas/fisiologia , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Animais , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/irrigação sanguínea , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/genética , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/imunologia , Divisão Celular/genética , Movimento Celular/genética , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados , Galectinas/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Ontologia Genética , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Camundongos Transgênicos , Metástase Neoplásica , Neovascularização Patológica , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/imunologia , Células Estreladas do Pâncreas/metabolismo , Células Estreladas do Pâncreas/transplante , Comunicação Parácrina , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Células Estromais/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral
15.
Reumatol Clin ; 14(3): 155-159, 2018 May - Jun.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28284772

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To standardize clinical evaluation of patients with axial spondyloarthritis (SpA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) using a checklist. METHODS: Qualitative study that included: 1) nominal group (18 experts); 2) literature reviews of measures used in the assessment of patients with axial SpA or PsA; and 3) focus groups, one with rheumatologists and another with patients, organized to become familiar with their opinion on medical assistance. Taking this into account, the experts selected the measures to be included in the checklist based on their relevance, feasibility, and the outcome type. RESULTS: The checklist includes measures for the evaluation of personal history, physical examination, activity and function, laboratory tests, imaging studies and treatments. It also defines risk factors of radiographic progression, predictors of the response to biological therapies, and comprises measures of excellence. CONCLUSIONS: This checklist for patients with axial SpA and PsA could help standardize daily clinical practice and improve clinical management and patient prognosis.

16.
Reumatol Clin ; 14(5): 254-268, 2018 Sep - Oct.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29111261

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this recommendation statement is to provide clinicians with the best available evidence and the best opinion agreed upon by the panelists for a rational use of synthetic disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and biologicals in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) patients. The present document also focuses on important aspects in the management of PsA, such as early diagnosis, therapeutic objectives, comorbidities and optimization of treatment. METHODS: The recommendations were agreed by consensus by a panel of 8 expert rheumatologists, previously selected by the Spanish Society of Rheumatology (SER) through an open call. The phases of the work were: identification of key areas for updating the previous consensus, analysis and synthesis of scientific evidence (modified Oxford system, Centre for Evidence-based Medicine, 2009) and formulation of recommendations based on this evidence and by consensus techniques. RESULTS: Seventeen recommendations were issued for the treatment of PsA patients. Six of them were of general nature, ranging from the early diagnosis and treatment to the importance of assessing comorbidities. The other 11 were focused on the indications for DMARDs and biological therapy in the distinct clinical forms of the disease. Likewise, the situation of failure of the first biological is addressed and treatment algorithms and a table with the different biological therapies are also included. CONCLUSIONS: We present the update of SER recommendations for the treatment of PsA with DMARDs and biologics.

18.
Rheumatol Int ; 37(8): 1239-1248, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28389856

RESUMO

The objective is to establish recommendations, based on evidence and expert opinion, for the identification and management of comorbidities in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). The following techniques were applied: discussion group, systematic review, and Delphi survey for agreement. A panel of professionals from four specialties defined the users, the sections of the document, possible recommendations, and what systematic reviews should be performed. A second discussion was held with the results of the systematic reviews. Recommendations were formulated in the second meeting and voted online from 1 (total disagreement) to 10 (total agreement). Agreement was considered if at least 70% voted ≥7. The level of evidence and grade of recommendation were assigned using the Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine guidance. The full document was critically appraised by the experts, and the project was supervised at all times by a methodologist. In a final step, the document was reviewed and commented by a patient and a health management specialist. Fourteen recommendations were produced, together with a checklist to facilitate the implementation. The items with the largest support from evidence were those related to cardiovascular disease and risk factors. The panel recommends paying special attention to obesity, smoking, and alcohol consumption, as they are all modifiable factors with an impact on treatment response or complications of PsA. Psychological and organizational aspects were also deemed important. We herein suggest practical recommendations for the management of comorbidities in PsA based on evidence and expert opinion.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica/terapia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Gerenciamento Clínico , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Tomada de Decisões , Técnica Delfos , Humanos , Reumatologia/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Espanha
20.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 12(4): 201-205, jul.-ago. 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-153623

RESUMO

Primary Sjögren syndrome (PSS) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease. Interstitial lung disease (ILD) can be an extraglandular complication. Objective. To evaluate the clinical characteristics of patients diagnosed with PSS with ILD. Methods. Multicentre cohort study with 25 patients diagnosed with PSS and ILD. Data of PSS, prognostic factors, pulmonary involvement variables, complementary tests that suggest a worse diagnosis and treatment given were collected. EULAR index was measured for Sjögren's syndrome. Results. We identified 25 patients. In 15/25 the diagnosis of ILD was done before the diagnosis of PSS. The histopathological patterns found were: 12 NSIP, 5 UIP, 4 OP, 2 LIP. PFRs showed restrictive pattern. The majority of the patients received glucocorticoid therapy, antimalarial or immunosuppressive treatment. Conclusions. Patients affected with PSS must be screened to catch a precocious diagnosis of ILD. The majority of the patients were diagnosed of ILD before being diagnosed of PSS. Multicenter cohorts are increasingly demanded and a multidisciplinary management is needed (AU)


El síndrome de Sjögren primario (SSP) es una enfermedad inflamatoria autoinmune. La enfermedad pulmonar intersticial (EPI) puede ser una complicación extraglandular. Objetivo. Evaluar las características clínicas de los pacientes diagnosticados de SSP con EPI. Métodos. Estudio de cohortes multicéntrico con 25 pacientes diagnosticados de SSP y EPI. Se recopilaron datos propios del SSP, factores pronóstico, variables de medida de la afectación pulmonar, pruebas complementarias que sugieren un peor pronóstico, así como el tratamiento recibido. Se calculó el índice EULAR para el síndrome de Sjögren. Resultados. Se identificaron 25 pacientes. Quince de ellos fueron diagnosticados de EPI antes que de SSP. Los patrones histopatológicos encontrados fueron 12 con neumonía intersticial inespecífica, 5 con neumonía intersticial común, 4 con neumonía organizada, 2 con neumonía intersticial linfocítica. Las pruebas de función respiratoria mostraron un patrón restrictivo. La mayoría de los pacientes recibió un tratamiento con glucocorticoides, antipalúdicos o inmunodepresores. Conclusiones. Los pacientes afectados por SSP deben ser sometidos a pruebas para detectar un diagnóstico precoz de EPI. La mayoría de los pacientes fueron diagnosticados de EPI antes que de SSP. Los estudios de cohortes multicéntricos son cada vez más demandados y se precisa una gestión multidisciplinar (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/complicações , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Síndrome de Sjogren/complicações , Síndrome de Sjogren/epidemiologia , Diagnóstico Precoce , Síndrome de Sjogren/imunologia , Síndrome de Sjogren/fisiopatologia , Síndrome de Sjogren , Prognóstico , Bronquiolite/complicações , Bronquiectasia/complicações , Bronquiectasia , Estudos de Coortes
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