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Front Psychol ; 13: 1031923, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36337545


The World Health Organization (WHO), in its last review of its International Classification of Diseases, established a new classification for chronic pain. Among the principal categories, of particular interest is chronic primary pain as a new type of diagnosis in those cases in which the etiology of the disease is not clear, being termed as chronic primary visceral pain when it is situated in the thorax, abdomen, or pelvis. Due to the novelty of the term, the objective of the systematic review was to examine the psychopathological and neuropsychological disorders associated with chronic primary visceral pain. We carried out a search of the scientific literature following the PRISMA directives using the Pubmed, Medline, PsycInfo and Scopus databases. A total of 33 articles were selected after applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The analysis of the studies showed that most persons with chronic primary visceral pain suffer from at least one psychological disorder; the most prevalent being anxiety, depressive or somatoform disorders. The most frequent psychopathological symptoms are anxiety, depression and somatization. Similarly, the findings are insufficient to determine the existence of deficits in the domains of executive functioning, memory and intelligence. However, the existence of attention biases does seem to be clear. This review supposes a starting point for conceptualizing chronic primary visceral pain. It is necessary to continue further research so as to obtain a better understanding of this pathology and the disorders associated.

Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35805266


Psychopaths are portrayed as deceitful, manipulative, domineering and narcissistic; the result of an irregular and irresponsible interpersonal style that harms both the psychopath him/herself and others. Furthermore, psychopathy is frequently associated with both violent and antisocial conduct. However, subclinical psychopaths are known for manifesting this type of profile without committing crimes. The objective of this study is to examine the differences that exist in subclinical psychopathy concerning gender, the number of intimate relationships and the age of the university student. The number of university students participating was 1289. They were given the Integrated/Subclinical Psychopathy Questionnaire (CUPIS). The results show that, in subclinical psychopathy, men present higher scores than women and younger persons have higher scores than older persons. In addition, the scores in psychopathy are higher for students who have had a larger number of intimate relationships. The contributions of this study allow us to determine the profile associated with subclinical psychopathy.

Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial , Crime , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Parceiros Sexuais , Estudantes , Universidades
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35805811


The aim of this article is to evaluate the effectiveness of the implementation of a psycho-educational intervention programme. The objective of this programme was to achieve optimisation of self-concept and basic socio-emotional skills for comprehensive development in the adolescent stage. The sample consisted of 402 students from 19 groups from public secondary schools in the province of Badajoz. A quasi-experimental pretest-posttest design was applied with a control group using the Trait Meta-Mood Scale, Self-Concept Form 5, and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. The analysis showed that the programme was effective in the family and social dimensions of self-concept, while in the other dimensions, the changes were not statistically significant. The results for emotion perception, understanding and regulation show that there were no statistically significant differences in the experimental group, although there were significant differences in the control group.

Emoções , Autoimagem , Adolescente , Terapia Comportamental , Humanos , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estudantes/psicologia
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35897340


This bibliographic review analyses the utility for psychologists of using neuroimaging tests and psychological or neuropsychological tests at the same time for studying the functioning of the brain in male abusers condemned for intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW). So as to be able to find an answer, we reviewed the available studies that investigated the structure or functioning of the brain. The results of these reviewed works of research show the benefits of using neuroimaging applied to male abusers, together with the use, either simultaneously or not, of other types of psychological, neuropsychological, or observational tests to complement and/or amplify the results of the neuroimaging techniques, as this can help us to advance in the knowledge of neuroscience as concerns the mind of the male abuser.

Violência por Parceiro Íntimo , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/psicologia , Masculino , Neuroimagem , Testes Neuropsicológicos
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35886435


Recent advances in sexual equality and diversity have not been able to mitigate the serious problem of discrimination suffered by sexual minorities. The most serious cases involve violence and physical or psychological aggression towards sexual orientations that differ from the heterosexual norm. This research analyses the dimensions of the personality and the moral disengagement mechanisms related to homophobia and the predictive value they have for hostile attitudes towards sexual diversity. The sample was made up of 849 university students between 18 and 24 years of age. The instruments used were the Modern Homophobia Scale (MHS), the Mechanisms of Moral Disengagement Scale (MMDS), and the reduced version of the Neo Personality Inventory-Reduced Version (NEO-FFI). The results show the involvement of moral disengagement in homophobia. It highlights evidence of subtle intimidatory behaviour patterns of rejection towards homosexuality. Furthermore, the low levels in the dimensions of a friendly personality and openness to experiences can be seen to predict homophobic behaviour. Thus, young people fall back on diverse mechanisms of moral disengagement to justify harmful attitudes towards the LGTBI collective. The results of the research are particularly relevant and useful for setting up programmes aimed at preventing and mitigating this serious problem of sexual discrimination.

Homofobia , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Adolescente , Homofobia/psicologia , Homossexualidade , Humanos , Princípios Morais , Personalidade
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35564753


Serial murder is a specific type of violent crime that falls into the crime category of multicide. According to the nomenclature of the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Violent Crime Classification Manual and Academic Researchers for the Classification of Violent Crimes, most serial killers are adults. However, serial murder is also committed by young people, although to a lesser extent. Young serial killers are a topic of relevance in areas such as psychology, criminology, and the justice system. Given that the study of the variables that could be the basis of such multicide criminality is not conclusive, the need for further research is evident. The homicides perpetrated by children and young people point to a social panorama that is alarming due to their young age. This issue is prevalent enough to conduct a review. The performed review concludes the importance of psychosocial factors to better understand the process by which children and young people commit crimes as serious as serial murders. The scope of the problem of serial murders perpetrated by minors is controversial because it often depends on how the number of real cases is counted. Although official statistics indicate the low prevalence of juvenile serial killers, childhood is a period in which antisocial behaviour can have its beginning. Some authors consider that it is not uncommon for the first murder of this type to occur in adolescence. It is important to consider psychopathy as an influential factor in the various forms of serial criminal conduct committed by children and young people. The research works consulted provide evidence of the special relevance of psychopathy in the generation of serious juvenile delinquency.

Criminologia , Delinquência Juvenil , Adolescente , Adulto , Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/epidemiologia , Criança , Crime/psicologia , Comportamento Criminoso , Homicídio , Humanos
J Interpers Violence ; 37(5-6): NP2588-NP2604, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32713236


This research analyzes the executive functions in minors between 7 and 16 years of age who have suffered physical abuse and neglect, as well as minors in residential care centers with other measures of protection. Most studies focus on the neurobiological consequences of the abuse, and mainly at an early age. However, there are very few studies that analyze the executive functions of victims of child abuse, while also taking into account the type of abuse suffered. This study aims to identify whether the consequences of child abuse for the executive functions are different for those minors who have been victims of physical abuse and neglect, in comparison with minors with other protective measures. The participants were 44 minors who had suffered child abuse and 24 minors with other protective measures, distinct from abuse. Three neuropsychological tests were used: (a) the Five Digits Test (FDT), (b) the Behavioral Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome in Children (BADS-C), and (c) the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-V (WISC-V). The results showed difficulties in those minors who had been victim of physical abuse and neglect, in their cognitive flexibility capabilities, inhibitory control, the ability to take decisions, the ability to organize and plan their behavior, control of emotions, and attention control. It was the minors who were victims of physical neglect that showed the greatest difficulties in their executive functions. The results of the study will permit us to design an educational intervention in the residential care centers that can encourage advances in the affected areas through the setting up of different strategies to favor the stimulation, reinforcement, and rehabilitation of the executive functions.

Maus-Tratos Infantis , Função Executiva , Criança , Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia , Função Executiva/fisiologia , Humanos , Menores de Idade , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Abuso Físico
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36612578


This work studies the emotional and behavioural difficulties and the personal wellbeing of adolescents under protective measures. The sample is made up of 151 adolescents in residential care between 11 and 17 years of age. The instruments used were the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and the Personal Wellbeing Index (PWI). The results indicate that a high percentage of adolescents have emotional and behavioural difficulties. We found a greater presence of behavioural rather than emotional problems in the adolescents. Similarly, we also found that females showed more emotional difficulties than the males. As for personal wellbeing, the results indicate that the adolescents are dissatisfied in several areas of their life, they feel insecure and have a pessimistic view of their future and of their achievements. Furthermore, those adolescents who were admitted to residential care due to something other than child abuse have a greater prosocial behaviour. It can be concluded that the more difficulties the adolescents experience (emotional, behavioural and with their peers), the lower the perception of their personal wellbeing will be. This study allows us to design interventions aimed at promoting psychological wellbeing among these adolescents.

Emoções , Pessimismo , Masculino , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Adolescente , Inquéritos e Questionários , Satisfação Pessoal , Grupo Associado
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360441


The suicide rate in the police force (Fuerzas y Cuerpos de Seguridad-FFCCSS) is estimated to be greater than that of the general population. The objectives of this paper are to detect mental health problems, in particular depression and anxiety, and to analyze the moderating effect of coping strategies on the relation between mental health and suicide ideation in police officers. The Suicidal Behavior Questionnaire (SBQ-R), Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI), the Anxiety Inventory (STAI), and the Brief Cope have all been used in the study. The sample consists of 98 Spanish police officers, of whom 91.8% were male. The results indicate that depression and anxiety can predict suicidal ideation. Nevertheless, it must be said that coping strategies do not have a moderating effect in the relation between mental health and suicidal ideation in this professional group.

Polícia , Ideação Suicida , Adaptação Psicológica , Transtornos de Ansiedade , Depressão/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental
Front Psychol ; 12: 716489, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34489820


This research studies the executive processes of youths under protective measures between 13 and 18years of age, as well as the emotional problems they have and the presence of behavioural problems, such as difficulties to control and direct attention, to control one's own behaviour and inhibit inadequate or ineffective responses (hyperactivity-impulsiveness) and problems related to emotional regulation. In addition, we study the presence of significant differences according to the sex of the youths. We also analyse to what extent the difficulties in the executive processes are related to and can predict the emotional and behavioural problems. The instruments used were Stroop's Colour and Word Test (Stroop), the Paths Test (TESen), and the System of Evaluation for Children and Adolescents (SENA). The results indicated that the youths had difficulties in such executive processes as execution, speed, and accuracy in carrying out tasks. Furthermore, they had emotion problems, amongst which the symptoms of anxiety are worthy of note; whilst attention deficit, hyperactivity-impulsiveness, and problems related to emotional regulation could also be observed. The data indicated greater difficulties in the executive processes for males than for females. There was a greater emotional symptomatology in the females, whilst there were greater deficits in attention and hyperactivity/impulsiveness in the males. Similarly, the deficits in the executive processes were related to and predicted emotional and behavioural problems. This research suggests the design of a structured programme focused on systematic training in real, daily situations, recommending the use of restorative techniques to work on the affected cognitive skills and techniques aimed at improving the youths' emotion regulation.

Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 39: 101167, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32379693


OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of equine-assisted therapeutic interventions on users' heart rate variability, using this said variability as an objective biological variable related to stress levels. METHOD: A systematic review has been carried out using the methodology suggested in the PRISMA declaration following systematic searches in academic databases. RESULTS: 432 registers were initially identified; however, in the screening and suitability process, nine papers were included in the review. With one exception, all of them reported that equine-assisted therapeutic activities had a favourable effect on users' heart rate variability as such activities favour a state of relaxation by activating the Parasympathetic Nervous System. The analysis of the quality of the evidence and the confirmation of the bias in the works indicate that these results must be considered with caution. DISCUSSION: Although these preliminary results are promising, more rigorous clinical trials are necessary to overcome the methodological limitations of the works.

Terapia Assistida com Animais/métodos , Terapia Assistida com Animais/estatística & dados numéricos , Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/fisiologia , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Cavalos , Estresse Psicológico/terapia , Animais , Humanos
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32443869


This research analyses the emotional and behavioural problems, as well as the problems in the executive functions, of children in residential care under protective measures, between 8 and 12 years of age. We analyse the relationship between the problems with their executive functions and their emotional and behavioural problems, as well as the predictive value of the executive functions for the said emotional and behavioural problems. The instruments used were as follows: five digits test (FDT), behavioural assessment of the dysexecutive syndrome in children (BADS-C) and the system of evaluation for children and adolescents (SENA). The results indicate that the children have difficulties in their executive functions, with such problems as in attention control and regulation, impulsiveness, mental rigidity, behavioural organisation and planning and resolving problems. They also have internalising and externalising problems, as well as difficulties in controlling their emotional reactions and understanding the emotions of others. It becomes evident that the difficulties in their executive functions are related to and predict their emotional and behavioural problems. The research demonstrates the need to intervene in the problems detected through the design of therapeutic programmes and interventions in the residential context.

Emoções , Função Executiva , Comportamento Problema , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos , Instituições Residenciais
Siglo cero (Madr.) ; 51(1): 53-72, ene.-mar. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-193107


El presente trabajo tiene como finalidad la evaluación y descripción de los riesgos psicosociales en una muestra de profesionales de Extremadura que prestan servicios de atención a personas con discapacidad intelectual o del desarrollo. Para ello, se ha utilizado el cuestionario Istas-21 (ISTAS, 2010). La muestra está formada por 518 trabajadores y trabajadoras, 169 son hombres (30,11 %) y 349 son mujeres (67,37 %) de diferentes entidades. Se han analizado tres constructos psicosociales: exigencias psicológicas, doble presencia y control del trabajo, en función de la edad, sexo, departamento, antigüedad, puesto de trabajo y tipo de contrato. Estos constructos engloban 10 dimensiones del cuestionario que se han analizado pormenorizadamente. Los resultados indican que los participantes están más afectados por las dimensiones de las exigencias de esconder emociones, doble presencia y control de los tiempos en el trabajo

The main purpose of the present study is to evaluate and to explain the presence of psychosocial risks in a cross-section of staff working with people with in¬tellectual disabilities from Extremadura (Spain). With this aim, Istas-21 instrument has been used. The cross-section was composed of 518 workers of different entities, 169 are men (30,11 %) and 349 are women (67,37 %). Three psychosocial constructs of Istas-21 have been analyzed: psychosocial demands, double presence and time manage¬ment, considering different variables (age, sex, department, numbers of years spent on the work, job position and type of contract). These constructs include ten dimensions of the questionnaire which have been deeply evaluated. The results indicate that partici¬pants are more affected by the dimensions of the demands of hiding emotions, double presence and time management at work

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Deficiência Intelectual/terapia , Esgotamento Psicológico/psicologia , Exposição Ocupacional , Impacto Psicossocial , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Risco , Prevalência
J Interpers Violence ; 35(21-22): 4468-4491, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29294802


This work analyzes how the assumption of responsibility by aggressors convicted for gender-based violence is related to sexist attitudes, self-esteem and perceived functional social support. Similarly, the predictive capacity of these variables is studied with respect to the aggressors' minimization of the harm done and a lack of attributing responsibility to themselves. The participants in the research were males condemned to prison sentences for crimes related with gender-based violence in Spain. The instruments applied were the Attribution of Responsibility and Minimization of Harm Scale, the Ambivalent Sexism Inventory (ASI), the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSE), the Functional Social Support Questionnaire (FSSQ), and the Social Desirability Scale (SDS). The study concludes that sexist attitudes are related with a greater lack of attribution of responsibility, as well as with a greater tendency to minimize the harm done by the aggression. In addition, the aggressors with low self-esteem use self-defense as a strategy to justify the violence. Similarly, the presence of an adequate social support network for the aggressor increases the attribution of responsibility on the part of those convicted for gender-based violence.

Agressão , Violência de Gênero/psicologia , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/psicologia , Sexismo/psicologia , Apoio Social , Violência/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Atitude , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Autoimagem , Espanha
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33419344


The objective of this work is to study the quality of working life associated to psychosocial factors and risks, burnout syndrome and emotional intelligence, as well as being able to detect predictors of the said syndrome. The sample consisted of 311 professionals working in direct contact with an intellectual disability from 15 associations of Extremadura (Spain). The Spanish version of the CESQT questionnaire was administered to evaluate burnout syndrome, the Wong & Law Emotional Intelligence Scale (WLEIS) was used to evaluate emotional intelligence, while the UNIPSICO Battery was used to evaluate the psychosocial factors of demands (work-family conflict and psychosomatic problems) and resources, such as social support and work satisfaction. The results indicate average values of burnout, revealing that work satisfaction, emotional intelligence, and social support are related to burnout syndrome. In addition, there are also positive correlations between psychosomatic symptoms and work-family conflict. Satisfaction at work, social support, and emotional intelligence (intrapersonal and interpersonal perception, use and regulation of emotions) predict burnout syndrome. What is more, the psychosomatic symptoms and work-family conflict explain, respectively, 17% and 17.9% of their variance. Thus, there is a need to develop intervention programs that encourage social support and the conciliation of family life, as well as training skills related to emotional intelligence, such as communication and conflict resolution.

Esgotamento Profissional , Esgotamento Psicológico , Inteligência Emocional , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Espanha/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
Psicol. conduct ; 28(3): 499-515, 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-199334


Este estudio busca analizar la inteligencia emocional y la empatía cognitiva y afectiva en una muestra de 128 condenados por violencia de género, recluidos en varias prisiones de España, así como el valor predictivo de la inteligencia emocional sobre el constructo de la empatía. Se aplicó la adaptación española de la "Escala rasgo de metaconocimiento de los estados emocionales" (TMMS-24) y el "Test de empatía cognitiva y afectiva" (TECA). Se comprobó que la muestra dispone de un adecuado metaconocimiento de los estados emocionales, siendo conscientes de sus propias emociones y mostrando destreza para regularlas además de presentar unos niveles medios de empatía cognitiva y afectiva. Se ha encontrado además que una mejor comprensión y regulación de las propias emociones (componentes de la inteligencia emocional) se relacionaría y, a su vez predeciría, un adecuado reconocimiento de los estados emocionales de la otra persona y de la capacidad de ponerse en su lugar (empatía cognitiva)

This study analyzes emotional intelligence and cognitive and affective empathy in a sample of 128 convicts of gender violence, incarcerated in different Spanish prisons; and the predictive value of emotional intelligence on the empathy construct. The Spanish adaptation of the Meta-Mood Scale Trait (TMMS-24) and the Cognitive and Affective Empathy Test (TECA) were applied for this research. The results suggest that the sample has an adequate metaknowledge of emotional states, an awareness of their own emotions and dexterity to regulate these emotions. Also the subjects presented average levels of cognitive and affective empathy. In addition, it was found that a better understanding and regulation of their own emotion (components of emotional intelligence) would relate to and, at the same time, predict an adequate recognition of emotional states of the other person and an ability to put oneself in another's place (cognitive empathy)

Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Inteligência Emocional , Prisioneiros/psicologia , Violência contra a Mulher , Violência de Gênero/psicologia , Empatia , Testes Psicológicos , Emoções , Cognição , Habilidades Sociais
Psicol. conduct ; 28(2): 327-341, 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-198229


El presente trabajo estudia si el hecho de tener antecedentes por violencia de género depende de diferentes dimensiones cognitivas y sociales. Participaron 102 agresores condenados por violencia de género reincidentes (n = 57) y no reincidentes (n = 45) quienes fueron evaluados con la "Escala de atribución de responsabilidad y minimización", el "Inventario de pensamientos distorsionados sobre la mujer y la violencia", el "Inventario de sexismo ambivalente", la "Escala de autoestima de Rosenberg" y el "Cuestionario de apoyo social funcional". Los resultados indican que los agresores con antecedentes presentan pensamientos distorsionados sobre la mujer, aunque manifiestan en menor medida actitudes sexistas hostiles. Asimismo, se encontró que a mayor número de pensamientos distorsionados sobre la mujer, menor empleo de estrategias de justificación del daño basadas en la defensa propia, menor número de actitudes sexistas y menor autoestima mayor probabilidad de que el agresor sea reincidente. El estudio de los factores que predicen el riesgo de reincidencia permitirá favorecer la eficacia de los programas de intervención específicos de violencia de género

The investigation studies whether having a history of intimate partner violence depends on different cognitive and social dimensions. 102 aggressors, both recidivist (n = 57) and non-recidivist (n = 45), convicted of intimate partner violence participated in our study. The subjects were evaluated with the Attribution of Responsibility and Minimization Scale, the Inventory of Distorted Thoughts on Women and Violence, the Ambivalent Sexism Inventory, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and the Functional Social Support Questionnaire. The main conclusions indicate that aggressors with a criminal record present distorted thoughts about women, although they show lower levels of hostile sexist attitudes. In addition, we found that the higher number of distorted thoughts about women, the fewer strategies to justify the inflicted pain based on self-defense, the lower number of sexist attitudes, and the lower self-esteem, the higher the probability to repeat an offence for gender aggressors. The study of the factors that predict the risk of recidivism will increase the effectiveness of specific interventions in intimate partner violence programs

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Violência de Gênero/psicologia , Violência de Gênero/estatística & dados numéricos , Direção Agressiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Prisioneiros/psicologia , Prisioneiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Reincidência/psicologia , Reincidência/estatística & dados numéricos , Modelos Logísticos
Psicol. conduct ; 27(3): 455-476, sept.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-189953


En este estudio se analizan las dimensiones del autoconcepto, la inteligencia emocional y la ansiedad y su relación con variables sociodemográficas y académicas en 402 adolescentes de entre 12 y 19 años. Se aplicó la "Escala rasgo de metaconocimiento de los estados emocionales" (TMMS-24), el "Autoconcepto forma 5" (AF5) y el "Inventario de ansiedad estado-rasgo" (STAI y STAIC). Los resultados muestran que existen correlaciones negativas entre todas las dimensiones del autoconcepto y la ansiedad. La inteligencia emocional se relaciona con el autoconcepto físico y social. El sexo no influye en el autoconcepto global, pero sí en la ansiedad. Además, el sexo, la edad, el curso y las repeticiones predicen el autoconcepto emocional y la claridad emocional. Sin embargo, el tipo de programa educativo no predice ninguno de los constructos analizados. Sería deseable implementar programas de intervención dirigidos a la mejora del autoconcepto a través del entrenamiento en competencias emocionales y sociales y en control del estrés y la ansiedad

In this study we analyze the dimensions of self-concept, emotional intelligence and anxiety, as well as to analyse their relationship to sociodemographic and academic variables in a sample of 402 adolescents between 12 and 19 years of age. The instruments applied were the Trait Meta-Mood Scale (TMMS-24), the Self-concept Form "5" (AF5) and the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI and STAIC). The outcomes show that negative correlations between all the dimensions of self-concept and anxiety. The emotional intelligence is related to the physical and social self-concept. Gender has no influence on the global self-concept, but on anxiety it does. The gender, age, course and repetitions predict the emotional self-concept and the emotional understanding. Repeating a year at school predicts the academic self-concept and gender predicts the physical self-concept, anxiety and emotional understanding. The type of educational programme does not predict any of the constructs analysed. It would be desirable to implement intervention programmes aimed at improving self-concept through training in emotional and social competences, as well as in controlling stress and anxiety

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Autoimagem , Inteligência Emocional , Ansiedade/psicologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos
Psicol. conduct ; 27(3): 511-532, sept.-dic. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-189956


La violencia filioparental es un problema sociofamiliar emergente y de creciente interés en el ámbito jurídico, observable en el aumento de denuncias. El objetivo principal de este estudio fue analizar las características psicosociales y clínicas de los menores denunciados por violencia filioparental, el perfil de sus familias y las medidas judiciales impuestas, aspecto apenas abordado en otros estudios. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 145 jóvenes de entre 14 y 18 años de edad, denunciados por violencia filioparental entre los años 2012 y 2017. Los instrumentos utilizados fueron, el sistema de gestión procesal Minerva, los expedientes de los menores y la versión experimental del "Inventario de evaluación de la personalidad para adolescentes" (PAI-A). Los resultados manifiestan que los menores no presentan síntomas psicopatológicos significativos, pero se evidencian dificultades en el contexto familiar, personal y social, así como desajustes en el vínculo conyugal de los padres. Destaca la modalidad de convivencia con grupo educativo como la medida judicial impuesta a los jóvenes

Child-to-parent violence is an emerging family related problem with a growing interest in the legal sphere, a phenomenon that can be seen in the increasing number of court actions. The main aim of this study is to analyze the psychosocial and clinical characteristics of the accused minors of child-to-parent violence, their family's profile and the judicial measures imposed, the last being an aspect that has hardly been studied. The sample consisted of 145 minors between 14 and 18 years of age who had been accused of child-to-parent violence between 2012 and 2017. The instruments used were the procedural management system Minerva, the case files of the minors and the experimental version of the "Personality assessment inventory-adolescent" (PAI-A). The results show that the minors do not present significant psychopathological symptoms, but they do show evidence of difficulties in the family, personal and social context, as well as maladjustments in the marital relationship of the parents. The modality of educational group living as a judicial measure imposed upon these young people is worth noting

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Impacto Psicossocial , Violência Doméstica/legislação & jurisprudência , Violência Doméstica/psicologia , Governo Local
Summa psicol. UST ; 16(1): 51-59, 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1127605


La psicopatía ha sido frecuentemente relacionada con los trastornos de la personalidad, sobre todo con el subtipo antisocial, debido a las características delictivas que, en ocasiones, este implica. A pesar de esta asociación, y sin obviar los matices diferenciales, es importante recordar que los trastornos de la personalidad son diagnósticos clínicos, que vienen amparados por las nosologías psiquiátricas y recogidos en los manuales de trastornos mentales. En este sentido, no se debe entender la psicopatía como un trastorno mental, ni de la personalidad ni de cualquier otra índole psicopatológica. Si bien la psicopatía incorpora algunos rasgos aislados, también característicos de varios trastornos de la personalidad, es necesario establecer con exactitud los perfiles diferenciales entre estos y la psicopatía, ya que hay múltiples matices que podrán ayudar a establecer el diagnóstico diferencial pertinente y a evitar equiparar psicopatía con psicopatologías de la personalidad

Psychopathy has been frequently associated with personality disorders, particularly with the antisocial subtype due to the criminal features that it sometimes entails. Despite this link, and without ignoring the differential nuances, it is important to remember that personality disorders are clinical diagnoses, which are supported by psychiatric nosology and included in manuals of mental disorders. Therefore, psychopathy should not be understood as a mental disorder, neither of personality nor of any other psychopathological nature. Even though psychopathy incorporates some isolated features, also characteristic of several personality disorders, it is necessary to accurately establish the differential profiles between them and psychopathy, since there are multiple nuances that may help to establish the necessary differential diagnosis and to avoid equating psychopathy with personality psychopathologie

Humanos , Transtornos da Personalidade/psicologia , Psicopatologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/psicologia