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1.
J Psycholinguist Res ; 48(4): 797-817, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30771064

RESUMO

The present study focuses on the development of Spanish pronominal processing. We investigate whether the pronoun interpretation problem (i.e., reflexive pronouns comprehension is resolved at an earlier age than that of personal pronouns, also known as the Delay of the Principle B Effect), which has been documented in other languages, also occurs in Spanish. For this purpose, we conducted two experiments including pronoun resolution tasks. In Experiment 1, a task adapted from the experimental paradigm proposed by Love et al. (J Psycholinguist Res 38:285-304, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10936-009-9103-9 ) was used, which examines the off-line processing of the Spanish pronouns se and le. In Experiment 2, on-line processing of the same pronouns was evaluated with eye-tracking, using a paradigm developed by Thompson and Choy (J Psycholinguist Res 38:255-283, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10936-009-9105-7 ). Forty-three participants aged 4-16 years completed both experiments. Results indicated that there is no developmental asymmetry in the acquisition of successful resolution of the two types of anaphora in Spanish: from age 4, reflexive and clitic pronouns are processed with the same degree of accuracy.


Assuntos
Idioma , Psicolinguística , Semântica , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Movimentos Oculares , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Espanha
2.
J Deaf Stud Deaf Educ ; 20(4): 374-84, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26209448

RESUMO

Different studies have showed poor reading performance in the deaf compared to the hearing population. This has overshadowed the fact that a minority of deaf children learns to read successfully and reaches levels similar to their hearing peers. We analyze whether deaf people deploy the same cognitive and learning processes in reading as their hearing peers. For this purpose, we analyzed the relation between phonological processing, speechreading, vocabulary, reading speed, and accuracy with reading efficiency in a sample of deaf people and two control groups respectively matched on chronological age and reading level. The results indicate that deaf people's level of reading efficiency is lower than hearing people's of the same age, but that deafness status in itself is not a good predictor of reading level. The results do not support the idea that deaf people's reading is the result of different processes from the hearing population.


Assuntos
Cognição/fisiologia , Perda Auditiva/fisiopatologia , Aprendizagem/fisiologia , Leitura , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoas com Deficiência Auditiva , Adulto Jovem
3.
Span. j. psychol ; 16: e107.1-e107.9, 2013. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-130440

RESUMO

The aims of this study are to assess L1 and L2 variables that influence the reading acquisition of students of Moroccan origin in the South of Spain and compare their reading ability with native Spanish-speaking children. Participants were 38 students of Moroccan origin and 37 native Spanish-speaking students from the same classes. We used an oral vocabulary test and a reading comprehension test, which taps lexical, semantic, and syntactic reading processes, and reading fluency. The results indicated that immigrant students differed from native Spanish-speaking students in word reading, reading fluency, and the use of punctuation marks, but there were no significant differences in reading comprehension. In native Spanish-speaking students, reading comprehension correlated significantly with oral vocabulary and the other reading processes, but in the students of Moroccan origin, only receptive oral vocabulary in L2 correlated with the use of punctuation marks. Being in schools with educational resources specifically aimed at helping the Moroccan pupils was associated with a higher level of word reading in immigrant students (AU)


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Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Compreensão/fisiologia , Testes de Linguagem , Vocabulário , Estudantes/psicologia , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Emigrantes e Imigrantes/psicologia , Comunicação
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