Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 98
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
PLoS One ; 14(10): e0223246, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596875

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies of radiological damage in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have used candidate-gene approaches, or evaluated single genome-wide association studies (GWAS). We undertook the first meta-analysis of GWAS of RA radiological damage to: (1) identify novel genetic loci for this trait; and (2) test previously validated variants. METHODS: Seven GWAS (2,775 RA cases, of a range of ancestries) were combined in a meta-analysis. Radiological damage was assessed using modified Larsen scores, Sharp van Der Heijde scores, and erosive status. Single nucleotide polymophsim (SNP) associations with radiological damage were tested at a single time-point using regression models. Primary analyses included age and disease duration as covariates. Secondary analyses also included rheumatoid factor (RF). Meta-analyses were undertaken in trans-ethnic and European-only cases. RESULTS: In the trans-ethnic primary meta-analysis, one SNP (rs112112734) in close proximity to HLA-DRB1, and strong linkage disequilibrium with the shared-epitope, attained genome-wide significance (P = 4.2x10-8). In the secondary analysis (adjusting for RF) the association was less significant (P = 1.7x10-6). In both trans-ethnic primary and secondary meta-analyses 14 regions contained SNPs with associations reaching P<5x10-6; in the European primary and secondary analyses 13 and 10 regions contained SNPs reaching P<5x10-6, respectively. Of the previously validated SNPs for radiological progression, only rs660895 (tagging HLA-DRB1*04:01) attained significance (P = 1.6x10-5) and had a consistent direction of effect across GWAS. CONCLUSIONS: Our meta-analysis confirms the known association between the HLA-DRB1 shared epitope and RA radiological damage. The lack of replication of previously validated non-HLA markers highlights a requirement for further research to deliver clinically-useful prognostic genetic markers.

2.
BMJ Case Rep ; 12(10)2019 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586951

RESUMO

A 72-year-old man presented with a short history of headache, jaw claudication, double vision, amaurosis fugax and distended temporal arteries. A diagnosis of giant cell arteritis (GCA) was confirmed on temporal artery ultrasound and temporal artery biopsy. Despite treatment with high-dose oral glucocorticoid (GC) and multiple pulses of intravenous methylprednisolone, his vision deteriorated to hand movements in one eye. 8 mg/kg intravenous tocilizumab, a humanised, recombinant anti-IL-6 receptor antibody, was administered within 48 hours of vision loss and continued monthly, resulting in marked visual improvement within days, as well as sustained remission of GCA. This case suggests a possible role for tocilizumab as a rescue therapy to prevent or recover visual loss in patients with GCA resistant to GC treatment, termed refractory GCA. Further research is required to elucidate the role of intravenous administration of tocilizumab in this setting.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31598719

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Identifying blood-based biomarkers that predict treatment response in RA is a clinical priority. We investigated differential DNA methylation as a candidate biomarker of response for the first-line drug used in RA, MTX. METHODS: DNA methylation was measured in DNA samples from individuals recruited to the Rheumatoid Arthritis Medication Study. Differentially methylated positions were compared between whole blood samples collected at baseline and at 4 weeks from patients who, by 6 months, had a good (n = 34) or poor response (n = 34) to MTX using linear modelling, adjusting for gender, age, cell composition, baseline 28-joint disease activity score (DAS28) and smoking status. Analyses also compared methylation with changes in DAS28 and changes in swollen joint count and tender joint count, and changes in CRP over the initial 6 months after MTX commencement. Differentially methylated positions showing significant differences with any response parameter were tested using pyrosequencing in an independent group of 100 patients from the Rheumatoid Arthritis Medication Study. RESULTS: In the discovery group, two CpG sites showed methylation changes at 4 weeks associated with clinical EULAR response by 6 months. Significant changes in methylation for three differentially methylated positions associated with change in tender joint counts, three with change in swollen joint count and a further four with change in CRP. Of the 12 CpGs, four showed replicated association in an independent dataset of samples from the Rheumatoid Arthritis Medication Study. CONCLUSION: These data represent an advance on current practice by contributing to a personalized medicine strategy allowing an escalation or change in therapy as early as 4 weeks.

5.
CMAJ ; 191(25): E680-E688, 2019 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31235489

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Most patients with polymyalgia rheumatica or giant cell arteritis are treated with glucocorticoid therapy in primary care. We estimated dose-response risks of infection for this population in England. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective record-linkage study involving a cohort of people with polymyalgia rheumatica or giant cell arteritis registered in family practices across England (1998-2017). Estimates of first occurring infection per level of time-variant current and cumulative dose were obtained using Kaplan-Meier methods and multilevel proportional-hazards Cox models. RESULTS: Of 39 938 patients attending 389 family practices, 22 234 (55.7%) had at least 1 infection over a median follow-up period of 4.8 years, with 5937 (26.7%) requiring hospital admission and 1616 (7.3%) dying within 7 days of diagnosis. Cumulative risks of all-cause infection were 18.3% (95% confidence interval [CI] 17.9%-18.7%) at 1 year, 54.7% (95% CI 54.1%-55.2%) at 5 years and 76.9% (95% CI 76.2%-77.5%) at 10 years. Lower respiratory tract infections, conjunctivitis and herpes zoster were the most commonly diagnosed infections. The increases in adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for all-cause infection per 5 mg prednisolone-equivalent daily dose increase and per 1000 mg cumulative dose increase in the last year from the patient's end date of follow-up were 1.13 (95% CI 1.12-1.14) and 1.50 (95% CI 1.49-1.52), respectively. Adjusted HRs associated with periods of current glucocorticoid versus no glucocorticoid use ranged from 1.48 (95% CI 1.39-1.57) for fungal to 1.70 (95% CI 1.60-1.80) for bacterial infection. Stepwise dose-related associations were found for bacterial, viral, parasitic and fungal infections, irrespective of patient age, duration of underlying chronic disease and baseline vaccination status. INTERPRETATION: We quantified the excess risk of all-cause, bacterial, viral, parasitic and fungal infection conferred by oral glucocorticoids in people with polymyalgia rheumatica or giant cell arteritis and found strong dose responses for all types, even at daily doses of less than 5 mg prednisolone.

6.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(8): 1055-1061, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31036624

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate whether genetic effects on response to TNF inhibitors (TNFi) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) could be localised by considering known genetic susceptibility loci for relevant traits and to evaluate the usefulness of these genetic loci for stratifying drug response. METHODS: We studied the relation of TNFi response, quantified by change in swollen joint counts ( Δ SJC) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate ( Δ ESR) with locus-specific scores constructed from genome-wide assocation study summary statistics in 2938 genotyped individuals: 37 scores for RA; scores for 19 immune cell traits; scores for expression or methylation of 93 genes with previously reported associations between transcript level and drug response. Multivariate associations were evaluated in penalised regression models by cross-validation. RESULTS: We detected a statistically significant association between Δ SJC and the RA score at the CD40 locus (p=0.0004) and an inverse association between Δ SJC and the score for expression of CD39 on CD4 T cells (p=0.00005). A previously reported association between CD39 expression on regulatory T cells and response to methotrexate was in the opposite direction. In stratified analysis by concomitant methotrexate treatment, the inverse association was stronger in the combination therapy group and dissipated in the TNFi monotherapy group. Overall, ability to predict TNFi response from genotypic scores was limited, with models explaining less than 1% of phenotypic variance. CONCLUSIONS: The association with the CD39 trait is difficult to interpret because patients with RA are often prescribed TNFi after failing to respond to methotrexate. The CD39 and CD40 pathways could be relevant for targeting drug therapy.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31009052

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Adrenal insufficiency and Cushing's syndrome are known adverse events of glucocorticoids. However, no population estimates of dose-related risks are available. OBJECTIVE: To investigate dose-related risks of adrenal dysfunction and death in adults with six chronic inflammatory diseases treated with oral glucocorticoids. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective record-linkage open-cohort study spanning primary and hospital care in England. PATIENTS: 70,638 people oral glucocorticoid-users and 41,166 non-users aged ≥18 years registered in 389 practices in 1998-2017. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Incidence rates and hazard ratios (HRs) of diagnosed adrenal dysfunction and death. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 5.5 years, 183 patients had glucocorticoid-induced adrenal insufficiency and 248 glucocorticoid-induced Cushing's syndrome. A total of 22,317 (31.6%) and 7,544 (18.3%) deaths occurred amongst glucocorticoid users and non-users, respectively. Incidence of all outcomes increased with higher current daily and cumulative doses. For adrenal insufficiency, the increases in HRs were of 1.07 (95% CI 1.04-1.09) for every increase of 5mg per day and of 2.25 (95% CI 2.15-2.35) per 1000mg of cumulative prednisolone-equivalent dose over the past year. The respective increases in HRs for Cushing's syndrome were of 1.09 (95% CI 1.08-1.11) and 2.31 (95% CI 2.23-2.40) and for mortality of 1.26 (95% CI 2.24-1.28) and 2.05 (95% CI 2.04-2.06). CONCLUSION: We report a high glucocorticoid dose-dependent increased risk of adrenal adverse events and death. The low observed absolute risk of adrenal insufficiency highlights a potential lack of awareness, and a need for increased physician and patient education about the risks of adrenal dysfunction induced by glucocorticoids.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30824919

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Imaging of joint inflammation provides a standard against which to derive an updated DAS for RA. Our objectives were to develop and validate a DAS based on reweighting the DAS28 components to maximize association with US-assessed synovitis. METHODS: Early RA patients from two observational cohorts (n = 434 and n = 117) and a clinical trial (n = 59) were assessed at intervals up to 104 weeks from baseline; all US scans were within 1 week of clinical exam. There were 899, 163 and 183 visits in each cohort. Associations of combined US grey scale and power Doppler scores (GSPD) with 28 tender joint count and 28 swollen joint count (SJC28), CRP, ESR and general health visual analogue scale were examined in linear mixed model regressions. Cross-validation evaluated model predictive ability. Coefficients learned from training data defined a re-weighted DAS28 that was validated against radiographic progression in independent data (3037 observations; 717 patients). RESULTS: Of the conventional DAS28 components only SJC28 and CRP were associated with GSPD in all three development cohorts. A two-component model including SJC28 and CRP outperformed a four-component model (R2 = 0.235, 0.392, 0.380 vs 0.232, 0.380, 0.375, respectively). The re-weighted two-component DAS28CRP outperformed conventional DAS28 definitions in predicting GSPD (Δtest log-likelihood <-2.6, P < 0.01), Larsen score and presence of erosions. CONCLUSION: A score based on SJC28 and CRP alone demonstrated stronger associations with synovitis and radiographic progression than the original DAS28 and should be considered in research on pathophysiological manifestations of early RA. Implications for clinical management of RA remain to be established.

10.
PLoS One ; 13(12): e0209343, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30586461

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The TNFSF13B (TNF superfamily member 13b) gene encodes BAFF, a cytokine with a crucial role in the differentiation and activation of B cells. An insertion-deletion variant (GCTGT→A) of this gene, leading to increased levels of BAFF, has been recently implicated in the genetic predisposition to several autoimmune diseases, including multiple sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and rheumatoid arthritis. Based on the elevated levels of this cytokine found in patients with giant cell arteritis (GCA) and systemic sclerosis (SSc), we aimed to assess whether this functional variant also represents a novel genetic risk factor for these two disorders. METHODS: A total of 1,728 biopsy-proven GCA patients from 4 European cohorts, 4,584 SSc patients from 3 European cohorts and 5,160 ethnically-matched healthy controls were included in the study. The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs374039502, which colocalizes with the genetic variant previously implicated in autoimmunity, was genotyped using a custom TaqMan assay. First, association analysis was conducted in each independent cohort using χ2 test in Plink (v1.9). Subsequently, different case/control sets were meta-analyzed by the inverse variance method. RESULTS: No statistically significant differences were found when allele distributions were compared between cases and controls for any of the analyzed cohorts. Similarly, combined analysis of the different sets evidenced a lack of association of the rs374039502 variant with GCA (P = 0.421; OR (95% CI) = 0.92 (0.75-1.13)) and SSc (P = 0.500; OR (95% CI) = 1.05 (0.91-1.22)). The stratified analysis considering the main clinical subphenotypes of these diseases yielded similar negative results. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that the TNFSF13B functional variant does not contribute to the genetic network underlying GCA and SSc.


Assuntos
Fator Ativador de Células B/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Arterite de Células Gigantes/genética , Escleroderma Sistêmico/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biópsia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Redes Reguladoras de Genes/genética , Técnicas de Genotipagem , Arterite de Células Gigantes/patologia , Humanos , Mutação INDEL , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Escleroderma Sistêmico/patologia
12.
Genet Epidemiol ; 42(8): 754-771, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30311271

RESUMO

Although a number of treatments are available for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), each of them shows a significant nonresponse rate in patients. Therefore, predicting a priori the likelihood of treatment response would be of great patient benefit. Here, we conducted a comparison of a variety of statistical methods for predicting three measures of treatment response, between baseline and 3 or 6 months, using genome-wide SNP data from RA patients available from the MAximising Therapeutic Utility in Rheumatoid Arthritis (MATURA) consortium. Two different treatments and 11 different statistical methods were evaluated. We used 10-fold cross validation to assess predictive performance, with nested 10-fold cross validation used to tune the model hyperparameters when required. Overall, we found that SNPs added very little prediction information to that obtained using clinical characteristics only, such as baseline trait value. This observation can be explained by the lack of strong genetic effects and the relatively small sample sizes available; in analysis of simulated and real data, with larger effects and/or larger sample sizes, prediction performance was much improved. Overall, methods that were consistent with the genetic architecture of the trait were able to achieve better predictive ability than methods that were not. For treatment response in RA, methods that assumed a complex underlying genetic architecture achieved slightly better prediction performance than methods that assumed a simplified genetic architecture.

13.
Pharmacogenomics J ; 18(5): 657-664, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30166627

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterised by chronic synovial joint inflammation. Treatment has been revolutionised by tumour necrosis factor alpha inhibitors (TNFi) but each available drug shows a significant non-response rate. We conducted a genome-wide association study of 1752 UK RA TNFi-treated patients to identify predictors of change in the Disease Activity Score 28 (DAS28) and subcomponents over 3-6 months. The rs7195994 variant at the FTO gene locus was associated with infliximab response when looking at a change in the swollen joint count (SJC28) subcomponent (p = 9.74 × 10-9). Capture Hi-C data show chromatin interactions in GM12878 cells between rs2540767, in high linkage disequilibrium with rs7195994 (R2 = 0.9) and IRX3, a neighbouring gene of FTO. IRX3 encodes a transcription factor involved in adipocyte remodelling and is regarded as the obesity gene at the FTO locus. Importantly, the rs7195994 association remained significantly associated following adjustment for BMI. In addition, using capture Hi-C data we showed interactions between TNFi-response associated variants and 16 RA susceptibility variants.

14.
Pharmacogenomics J ; 18(4): 528-538, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29795407

RESUMO

Methotrexate (MTX) monotherapy is a common first treatment for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but many patients do not respond adequately. In order to identify genetic predictors of response, we have combined data from two consortia to carry out a genome-wide study of response to MTX in 1424 early RA patients of European ancestry. Clinical endpoints were change from baseline to 6 months after starting treatment in swollen 28-joint count, tender 28-joint count, C-reactive protein and the overall 3-component disease activity score (DAS28). No single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) reached genome-wide statistical significance for any outcome measure. The strongest evidence for association was with rs168201 in NRG3 (p = 10-7 for change in DAS28). Some support was also seen for association with ZMIZ1, previously highlighted in a study of response to MTX in juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Follow-up in two smaller cohorts of 429 and 177 RA patients did not support these findings, although these cohorts were more heterogeneous.

15.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 77(4): 589-595, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29374629

RESUMO

OBJETIVE: Systemic vasculitides represent a heterogeneous group of rare complex diseases of the blood vessels with a poorly understood aetiology. To investigate the shared genetic component underlying their predisposition, we performed the first cross-phenotype meta-analysis of genetic data from different clinically distinct patterns of vasculitis. METHODS: Immunochip genotyping data from 2465 patients diagnosed with giant cell arteritis, Takayasu's arteritis, antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis or IgA vasculitis as well as 4632 unaffected controls were analysed to identify common susceptibility loci for vasculitis development. The possible functional consequences of the associated variants were interrogated using publicly available annotation data. RESULTS: The strongest association signal corresponded with an intergenic polymorphism located between HLA-DQB1 and HLA-DQA2 (rs6932517, P=4.16E-14, OR=0.74). This single nucleotide polymorphism is in moderate linkage disequilibrium with the disease-specific human leucocyte antigen (HLA) class II associations of each type of vasculitis and could mark them. Outside the HLA region, we identified the KDM4C gene as a common risk locus for vasculitides (highest peak rs16925200, P=6.23E-07, OR=1.75). This gene encodes a histone demethylase involved in the epigenetic control of gene expression. CONCLUSIONS: Through a combined analysis of Immunochip data, we have identified KDM4C as a new risk gene shared between systemic vasculitides, consistent with the increasing evidences of the crucial role that the epigenetic mechanisms have in the development of complex immune-mediated conditions.

16.
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) ; 70(3): 361-368, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28511291

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare disease activity and disability over 2 years in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) before and after implementation of treat-to-target therapy and identify predictors of adverse outcome. METHODS: The Yorkshire Early Arthritis Register (YEAR) recruited 725 patients with early RA between 2002 and 2009, treated with a step-up approach. The Inflammatory Arthritis Continuum study (IACON) recruited cases between 2010 and 2014 and treated to target. A total of 384 IACON cases met 2010 American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism criteria. Latent growth curves of change in Disease Activity Score in 28 joints (DAS28) and the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) were compared between YEAR and IACON. Latent class growth analysis identified trajectories of change. Baseline predictors of trajectories were identified using logistic regression. RESULTS: The mean DAS28 over 2 years was lower in IACON than in YEAR. Latent trajectories of HAQ change in YEAR were high stable (21% of cohort), moderate reducing (35%), and low reducing (44%). Only moderate reducing (66%) and low reducing (34%) were seen in IACON. In both cohorts, female sex and fatigue predicted adverse HAQ trajectories (high stable and moderate reducing). Odds ratios (ORs) for moderate reducing compared to low reducing for women were 2.58 (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.69, 4.49) in YEAR and 5.81 (95% CI 2.44, 14.29) in IACON. ORs per centimeter fatigue visual analog score were 1.13 (95% CI 1.07, 1.20) in YEAR and 1.16 (95% CI 1.12, 1.20) in IACON. CONCLUSION: Treat-to-target therapy gave more favorable trajectories of change in DAS28 and HAQ, but adverse HAQ trajectory was more likely in women with greater fatigue, suggesting such patients would benefit from interventions to improve function as well as reduce inflammation.

17.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 115(1): E72-E81, 2018 01 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29247053

RESUMO

Protein-protein interactions are essential for the control of cellular functions and are critical for regulation of the immune system. One example is the binding of Fc regions of IgG to the Fc gamma receptors (FcγRs). High sequence identity (98%) between the genes encoding FcγRIIIa (expressed on macrophages and natural killer cells) and FcγRIIIb (expressed on neutrophils) has prevented the development of monospecific agents against these therapeutic targets. We now report the identification of FcγRIIIa-specific artificial binding proteins called "Affimer" that block IgG binding and abrogate FcγRIIIa-mediated downstream effector functions in macrophages, namely TNF release and phagocytosis. Cocrystal structures and molecular dynamics simulations have revealed the structural basis of this specificity for two Affimer proteins: One binds directly to the Fc binding site, whereas the other acts allosterically.


Assuntos
Complexo Antígeno-Anticorpo/química , Imunoglobulina G/química , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Receptores de IgG/química , Regulação Alostérica , Complexo Antígeno-Anticorpo/imunologia , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Receptores de IgG/imunologia
18.
J Rheumatol ; 44(9): 1331-1340, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28668806

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess patient-reported variables as predictors of change in disease activity and disability in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Cases were recruited to the Yorkshire Early Arthritis Register (YEAR) between 1997 and 2009 (n = 1415). Predictors of the 28-joint Disease Activity Score (DAS28) and the Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ-DI) at baseline and change over 12 months were identified using multilevel models. Baseline predictors were sex, age, symptom duration, autoantibody status, pain and fatigue visual analog scales (VAS), duration of early morning stiffness (EMS), DAS28, and HAQ-DI. RESULTS: Rates of change were slower in women than men: DAS28 fell by 0.19 and 0.17 units/month, and HAQ-DI by 0.028 and 0.023 units/month in men and women, respectively. Baseline pain and EMS had small effects on rates of change, whereas fatigue VAS was only associated with DAS28 and HAQ-DI at baseline. In patients recruited up to 2002, DAS28 reduced more quickly in those with greater pain at baseline (by 0.01 units/mo of DAS28 per cm pain VAS, p = 0.024); in patients recruited after 2002, the effect for pain was stronger (by 0.01 units/mo, p = 0.087). DAS28 reduction was greater with longer EMS. In both cohorts, fall in HAQ-DI (p = 0.006) was greater in patients with longer EMS duration, but pain and fatigue were not significant predictors of change in HAQ-DI. CONCLUSION: Patient-reported fatigue, pain, and stiffness at baseline are of limited value for the prediction of RA change in disease activity (DAS28) and activity limitation (HAQ-DI).


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Avaliação da Deficiência , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Sistema de Registros , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais
19.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 56(6): 1019-1024, 2017 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28096457

RESUMO

Objective: The aim was to correlate protein concentrations of S100A9 in pretreatment serum samples with response to the tumour-necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitor drugs etanercept in a large UK replication cohort. Methods: Pretreatment serum samples from patients with RA (n = 236) about to commence treatment with etanercept had S100A9 serum concentration measured using an ELISA. Following the experimental procedure, S100A9 concentrations were analysed with respect to EULAR response. Results: No evidence of association between S100A9 concentration and EULAR response to the TNF-inhibitor biologic drug etanercept was observed following multinomial logistic regression analysis (non-responder vs moderate responder, P = 0.957; and non-responder vs good responder, P = 0.316). Furthermore, no significant associations were observed when correlating pretreatment S100A9 concentrations with clinical parameters of disease activity (P > 0.05). Conclusion: In the largest replication cohort conducted to date, no evidence for association was observed to support the use of S100A9 as a clinical biomarker predictive of response to the TNF-inhibitor biologic drug etanercept.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Calgranulina B/metabolismo , Etanercepte/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Artrite Reumatoide/sangue , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 76(1): 208-213, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27245864

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate (i) the association between random certolizumab drug levels, antidrug antibodies (ADAbs) and treatment response in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA); (ii) longitudinal factors associated with ADAbs and certolizumab drug levels. METHODS: This prospective cohort included 115 patients with RA treated with certolizumab. Serum samples were collected at 3, 6 and 12 months following treatment initiation. Drug levels and ADAbs were measured using ELISA and radioimmunoassay, respectively, at 3, 6 and 12 months. Disease Activity Score in 28 joints (DAS28) were measured at each visit and 12 months European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) response was calculated. Patient self-reported adherence was collected longitudinally. Ordinal logistic regression and generalised estimating equation were used to test the association: (i) between drug levels, from serum sampled and treatment response; (ii) between ADAbs and drug levels; (iii) patient-centred factors and drug levels. RESULTS: ADAbs were detected in 37% (42/112 patients by 12 months). The presence of ADAbs were significantly associated with lower drug levels over 12 months (ß=-0.037, 95% CI -0.055 to 0.018, p<0.0001) but not independently with 12 months EULAR response (ß=0.0013 (95% CI -0.0032 to 0.00061), p=0.18). Drug level was associated with 12 months EULAR response (ß=0.032 (95% CI 0.0011 to 0.063), p=0.042). In the multivariate model, ADAb level and adherence were significantly associated with drug concentrations. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to demonstrate that higher certolizumab drug levels are associated with better 12 months EULAR response. ADAbs in certolizumab-treated patients with RA were detected at higher levels than previous studies and help determine the aetiology of a low drug level.


Assuntos
Anticorpos/sangue , Antirreumáticos/imunologia , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Certolizumab Pegol/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem , Antirreumáticos/sangue , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/sangue , Artrite Reumatoide/imunologia , Certolizumab Pegol/administração & dosagem , Certolizumab Pegol/sangue , Certolizumab Pegol/uso terapêutico , Estudos de Coortes , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA