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N C Med J ; 81(1): 5-13, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31908325


BACKGROUND In 2016, the North Carolina Division of Public Health (DPH) launched the Improving Community Outcomes for Maternal and Child Health (ICO4MCH) program to provide 5 local health departments (LHDs) with financial resources and technical assistance to address 3 aims: improve birth outcomes, reduce infant mortality, and improve health for children from birth to 5 years.METHOD: State legislation established an academic-practice partnership between NCDPH and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC) to provide program evaluation and implementation coaching to LHDs. ICO4MCH used a collective impact framework, principles of implementation science, and a health equity approach to implement evidence-based strategies to address the program's aims.RESULTS: A shared measurement system was developed by an evaluation stakeholders group led by the NCDPH and UNC in which LHDs reported data on a quarterly basis and the evaluators returned reports to drive improvements. Structured assessments and technical assistance provided by implementation coaches helped grantees address barriers to implementation including cultivating and sustaining a diverse community action team, addressing staff turnover, and using data to drive improvements.LIMITATIONS: It was challenging for grantees to balance community needs and build partnerships in the first year while integrating data from multiple assessments into action plans to meet the performance measures. It was necessary to streamline assessments and reduce indicators to make data more actionable.CONCLUSION: An academic-practice partnership was integral to successful implementation of the ICO4MCH program and may serve as a model for moving evidence-based maternal child health programs to practice in LHDs.

Saúde da Criança , Promoção da Saúde/organização & administração , Relações Interinstitucionais , Saúde Materna , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , North Carolina , Gravidez , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
Contraception ; 100(5): 413-419, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31369735


OBJECTIVE: The US Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use (USMEC) is the first national guidance containing evidence-based recommendations for contraception. We describe provider attitudes about contraceptive safety before and after the 2010 USMEC release. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted two cross-sectional mailed surveys using different nationwide samples of office-based physicians and Title X clinic providers before (2009-2010) and after (2013-2014) the USMEC release. We compared the proportion of providers reporting select contraceptive methods as safe for women with specific characteristics or medical conditions before and after the USMEC release and conducted multivariable logistic regression to adjust for provider characteristics. RESULTS: For the following select characteristics for which the USMEC classifies specific contraceptive methods as safe (Category 1 or 2), a significantly (p<.05) higher proportion of providers reported the method safe after versus before the USMEC release: intrauterine devices (IUDs) for adolescents (79.8% versus 60.2%), IUDs for women with HIV (72.4% versus 50.6%), depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) for women with obesity (89.5% versus 76.1%), and DMPA for women with history of bariatric surgery (87.6% versus 73.9%). These differences remained significant after adjustment for provider characteristics. CONCLUSIONS: While we observed many positive changes in health care provider attitudes related to contraception safety after the USMEC release, gaps remain. Continuing education and evidence-based training for providers, and ensuring office and health center protocols address medical eligibility for contraception for the full range of characteristics included in the USMEC might bridge remaining gaps and increase delivery of high-quality contraception care. IMPLICATIONS: Gaps between evidence and provider attitudes remain that can inform future efforts to improve contraceptive service delivery.

J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol ; 32(4): 402-408, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30731216


STUDY OBJECTIVE: To identify characteristics associated with provider attitudes on the safety of "Quick Start" initiation of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) for adolescents. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, INTERVENTIONS, AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of providers in public-sector health centers and office-based physicians (n = 2056) during 2013-2014. RESULTS: Overall, the prevalence of considering "Quick Start" initiation of LARC for adolescents as safe was 70.9% for implants and 64.5% for intrauterine devices (IUDs). Among public-sector providers, those not trained in implant or IUD insertion had lower odds of perceiving the practice safe (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 0.32; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.25-0.41 for implants; aOR 0.42; 95% CI, 0.32-0.55 for IUDs), whereas those practicing at health centers that did not receive Title X funding had lower odds of perceiving the practice safe for IUDs (aOR, 0.77; 95% CI, 0.61-0.98). Among office-based physicians, lack of training in LARC insertion was associated with lower odds of perceiving "Quick Start" initiation to be safe for IUDs (aOR, 0.31; 95% CI, 0.12-0.77). Those specializing in adolescent medicine had higher odds of reporting "Quick Start" initiation of LARC as safe (implants: aOR, 2.21; 95% CI, 1.23-3.98; IUDs: aOR, 3.37; 95% CI, 1.39-8.21) compared with obstetrician-gynecologists. CONCLUSION: Approximately two-thirds of providers considered "Quick Start" initiation of LARC for adolescents safe; however, there were differences according to provider characteristics (eg, Title X funding, training in LARC insertion, specialty). Targeted LARC insertion training and dissemination of evidence-based family planning guidance and implementation into facility and practice-level policies might increase access to "Quick Start" initiation of LARC for adolescents.

Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Anticoncepcionais Femininos/administração & dosagem , Contracepção Reversível de Longo Prazo/métodos , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Serviços de Planejamento Familiar/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Dispositivos Intrauterinos/estatística & dados numéricos , Contracepção Reversível de Longo Prazo/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
J Adolesc Health ; 64(2): 211-218, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30392865


PURPOSE: Adolescents may encounter many barriers to initiating contraception. 'Quick Start' is a recommended approach for initiating contraception on the same day as a provider visit. We examined factors associated with health care provider attitudes and practices related to 'Quick Start' provision of combined hormonal contraception (CHC) and depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) to adolescents. METHODS: We analyzed weighted survey data from providers in publicly funded health centers and from office-based physicians (n = 2,056). Using multivariable logistic regression, we estimated adjusted odds ratios (aORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of the associations between provider characteristics and frequent (very often or often vs. not often or never) 'Quick Start' provision of CHC and DMPA to adolescents in the past year. RESULTS: The prevalence of considering 'Quick Start' as safe was high for CHC (public-sector providers [87.5%]; office-based physicians [80.2%]) and DMPA (public-sector providers [80.9%]; office-based physicians [78.8%]). However, the prevalence of frequent 'Quick Start' provision was lower, particularly among office-based physicians (CHC: public-sector providers [74.2%]; office-based physicians [45.2%]; DMPA: public-sector providers [71.4%]; office-based physicians [46.9%]). Providers who considered 'Quick Start' unsafe or were uncertain about its safety had lower odds of frequent 'Quick Start' provision compared with those who considered it safe (public-sector providers: CHC aOR = 0.09 95% CI 0.06-0.13, DMPA aOR = 0.07 95% CI 0.05-0.10; office-based physicians: CHC aOR = 0.06 95% CI 0.02-0.22, DMPA aOR = 0.07 95% CI 0.02-0.20). CONCLUSIONS: While most providers reported that 'Quick Start' initiation of CHC and DMPA among adolescents is safe, fewer providers reported frequent 'Quick Start' provision in this population, particularly among office-based physicians.

J Womens Health (Larchmt) ; 28(3): 346-356, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30388052


BACKGROUND: In 2014, the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO) convened a multistate Immediate Postpartum Long-Acting Reversible Contraception (LARC) Learning Community to facilitate cross-state collaboration in implementation of policies. The Learning Community model was based on systems change, through multistate peer-to-peer learning and strategy-sharing activities. This study uses interview data from 13 participating state teams to identify state-implemented strategies within defined domains that support policy implementation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted by the ASTHO team with state team members participating in the Learning Community. Interviews were transcribed and implementation strategies were coded. Using qualitative analysis, the state-reported domains with the most strategies were identified. RESULTS: The five leading domains included the following: stakeholder partnerships; provider training; outreach; payment streams/reimbursement; and data, monitoring and evaluation. Stakeholder partnership was identified as a cross-cutting domain. Every state team used strategies for stakeholder partnerships and provider training, 12 reported planning or engaging in outreach efforts, 11 addressed provider and facility reimbursement, and 10 implemented data evaluation strategies. All states leveraged partnerships to support information sharing, identify provider champions, and pilot immediate postpartum LARC programs in select delivery facilities. CONCLUSIONS: Implementing immediate postpartum LARC policies in states involves leveraging partnerships to develop and implement strategies. Identifying champions, piloting programs, and collecting facility-level evaluation data are scalable activities that may strengthen state efforts to improve access to immediate postpartum LARC, a public health service for preventing short interbirth intervals and unintended pregnancy among postpartum women.

J Womens Health (Larchmt) ; 27(10): 1189-1194, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30325291


Exposure to violence can harm women's overall health and well-being. Data suggest that one in three women in the United States experience some form of violence by an intimate partner in their lifetime. In this commentary, we describe the implications of intimate partner violence (IPV) on women's health, specifically for women of reproductive age. We use a life-course perspective to describe the compounded impact of IPV on preconception health. Preconception health generally refers to the overall health and well-being of women (and men) before pregnancy. This report also discusses primary prevention of IPV and healthcare recommendations, and highlights surveillance systems that capture IPV indicators among women of reproductive age. Ongoing collection of state-level surveillance data may inform the implementation of intervention programs tailored to reproductive age women at risk for IPV.

Saúde da Mulher/normas , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/prevenção & controle , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/psicologia , Masculino , Cuidado Pré-Concepcional/métodos , Cuidado Pré-Concepcional/normas , Gravidez , Serviços Preventivos de Saúde/métodos , Serviços Preventivos de Saúde/normas , Melhoria de Qualidade , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia , Estados Unidos