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1.
Urologiia ; (3): 149-152, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30035437

RESUMO

The article describes the achievements of James Israel and Max Nitze, who were successfully developing European medicine for more than 30 years of their scientific and practical activities, enriching it with both experimental and large clinical experience. Their scientific and practical accomplishments greatly contributed to the development of modern urology. The author analyzes the fact that the history of medicine gives rich material not only for understanding evolution but also for the possibility to foresee its further development. The current state of clinical urology has been achieved by the progress of basic research in biology, physics, biochemistry, bacteriology, immunology, pharmacology. At the same time, the personality of the scientist-physician, his observation, non-standard view, the ability to see the opening perspectives, to bring up worthy successors and create a scientific and clinical school of urologists, is of utmost importance. The great German urologists J. Israel and M. Nitze had all these fundamental characteristics of a great scientist-physician.


Assuntos
Medicina Clínica/história , Urologia/história , Medicina Clínica/tendências , Alemanha , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Doenças Urológicas/história , Doenças Urológicas/terapia , Urologia/tendências
2.
Vestn Khir Im I I Grek ; 165(4): 27-30, 2006.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17120417

RESUMO

An analysis of results of surgical treatment was made on the basis of experiences of performing 260 operations with gastroduodenal anastomosis for distal gastric cancer under conditions of the same hospital for 20 years. Postoperative lethality was 2.69%. Different complications after surgery were noted in 34.2% of the patients. Dumping syndrome after Billroth-1 operations developed in 12.3%. The 5 and 10 year survival after operations among 215 followed-up patients was 65.1% and 24.7% respectively. Original methods of operations were developed and introduced into practice for the improvement of immediate and long-term functional results of the surgery on the stomach.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/cirurgia , Gastroenterostomia/métodos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma/patologia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (7): 10-3, 2006.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16883246

RESUMO

The experience with 260 Bilrot-I resections for cancer of a distal part of the stomach is analyzed. Postoperative lethality was 2.69%, rate of dumping-syndrome -- 12.3%. Among 215 followed-up patients treated surgically 5- and 10-year survival was 65.1 and 24.7%, respectively. Original surgical methods for improvement of immediate and long-term functional results have been developed and applied in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Duodeno/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Vestn Khir Im I I Grek ; 165(2): 20-2, 2006.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16752633

RESUMO

The author has analyzed the nearest and long-term results of treatment of 260 patients operated on by the Billroth-I method and 220 patients operated on by the Billroth-II method. It was found that after the Billroth-I resection the frequency of disease of the operated stomach was less, the other indices such as postoperative lethality rate, complications, survival up to 10 years, had no substantial difference.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia/métodos , Gastroenterostomia/métodos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Gastrectomia/mortalidade , Gastroenterostomia/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Vopr Onkol ; 52(2): 192-5, 2006.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17195647

RESUMO

End-results of surgery for stomach cancer conducted at the Institute Clinic have been evaluated. In 1982-2002, 260 patients with gastrointestinal tumors underwent subtotal distal resection of the stomach (Billroth-1) and another 220--Billroth-2. Functional outcome was assessed in 122 (46.9%) (Billroth-1) and 78 (Billroth-2). The end-results appeared to be identical: 5- and 10-year survival rate after Billroth-1 was 65.1 and 24.7%, and Billroth-2--63.4 and 27.1%, respectively.


Assuntos
Gastroenterostomia , Neoplasias Gástricas/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Vopr Onkol ; 49(6): 752-4, 2003.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14976922

RESUMO

The data on the results of therapy for gastric stump cancer in 176 patients were evaluated. Reoperation was carried out in 81 (46.0%); postoperative lethality was 7.4%. Combined abdominothoracic or thoracic alone access was available in all cases. It is suggested that relatively high radicality is assured when combined surgery for gastric stump recurrence is used. Overall 5-year survival was reported in patients radically operated on for relapse.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
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