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1.
Med Image Anal ; 70: 101992, 2021 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33601166

RESUMO

The recent outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has led to urgent needs for reliable diagnosis and management of SARS-CoV-2 infection. The current guideline is using RT-PCR for testing. As a complimentary tool with diagnostic imaging, chest Computed Tomography (CT) has been shown to be able to reveal visual patterns characteristic for COVID-19, which has definite value at several stages during the disease course. To facilitate CT analysis, recent efforts have focused on computer-aided characterization and diagnosis with chest CT scan, which has shown promising results. However, domain shift of data across clinical data centers poses a serious challenge when deploying learning-based models. A common way to alleviate this issue is to fine-tune the model locally with the target domains local data and annotations. Unfortunately, the availability and quality of local annotations usually varies due to heterogeneity in equipment and distribution of medical resources across the globe. This impact may be pronounced in the detection of COVID-19, since the relevant patterns vary in size, shape, and texture. In this work, we attempt to find a solution for this challenge via federated and semi-supervised learning. A multi-national database consisting of 1704 scans from three countries is adopted to study the performance gap, when training a model with one dataset and applying it to another. Expert radiologists manually delineated 945 scans for COVID-19 findings. In handling the variability in both the data and annotations, a novel federated semi-supervised learning technique is proposed to fully utilize all available data (with or without annotations). Federated learning avoids the need for sensitive data-sharing, which makes it favorable for institutions and nations with strict regulatory policy on data privacy. Moreover, semi-supervision potentially reduces the annotation burden under a distributed setting. The proposed framework is shown to be effective compared to fully supervised scenarios with conventional data sharing instead of model weight sharing.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33393087

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: After the reports of recalled leads, several technological improvements have been introduced and the durability of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) leads has improved. The incidence of lead failures is now less than in the previous studies. However, there are few reports that have shown the long-term durability of ICD leads as compared to pacemaker (PM) leads. This study analyzed the medium to long-term performance of transvenous ICD leads as compared to PM leads. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 1227 cases from April 2007 to December 2017 who underwent an initial transvenous ICD or PM implantation. The number of lead failures and patient background characteristics were analyzed. RESULTS: During a median 3-3.5 years follow up period, 1 (0.3%) ICD lead and 18 (2.4%) PM leads failed. The incidence of lead failures was significantly higher in the PM group than ICD group (p = .019). Males were associated with a higher incidence of lead failures in the PM group. CONCLUSION: Since the era of recalled ICD leads, the durability of ICD leads has remarkably improved and the incidence of lead failures with non-recalled ICD leads has been less than that for PM leads.

3.
J Infect Chemother ; 27(2): 336-341, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33402303

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In patients with severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), respiratory failure is a major complication and its symptoms occur around one week after onset. The CURB-65, A-DROP and expanded CURB-65 tools are known to predict the risk of mortality in patients with community-acquired pneumonia. In this retrospective single-center retrospective study, we aimed to assess the correlations of the A-DROP, CURB-65, and expanded CURB-65 scores on admission with an increase in oxygen requirement in patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pneumonia. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 207 patients who were hospitalized with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia at the Self-Defense Forces Central Hospital in Tokyo, Japan. Performance of A-DROP, CURB-65, and the expanded CURB-65 scores were validated. In addition, we assessed whether there were any associations between an increase in oxygen requirement and known risk factors for critical illness in COVID-19, including elevation of liver enzymes and C-reactive protein (CRP), lymphocytopenia, high D-dimer levels and the chest computed tomography (CT) score. RESULTS: The areas under the curve for the ability of CURB-65, A-DROP, and the expanded CURB-65 scores to predict an increase in oxygen requirement were 0.6961, 0.6980 and 0.8327, respectively, and the differences between the three groups were statistically significant (p < 0.001). Comorbid cardiovascular disease, lymphocytopenia, elevated CRP, liver enzyme and D-dimer levels, and higher chest CT score were significantly associated with an increase in oxygen requirement CONCLUSIONS: The expanded CURB-65 score can be a better predictor of an increase in oxygen requirement in patients with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia.


Assuntos
/terapia , Oxigenoterapia/métodos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto , Idoso , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , /mortalidade , Feminino , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Humanos , Linfopenia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Prognóstico , Insuficiência Respiratória/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Tóquio , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
4.
J Infect Chemother ; 27(1): 70-75, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32950393

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The symptoms of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vary among patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical manifestation and disease duration in young versus elderly patients. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 187 patients (87 elderly and 100 young patients) with confirmed COVID-19. The clinical characteristics and chest computed tomography (CT) extent as defined by a score were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: The numbers of asymptomatic cases and severe cases were significantly higher in the elderly group (elderly group vs. young group; asymptomatic cases, 31 [35.6%] vs. 10 [10%], p < 0.0001; severe cases, 25 [28.7%] vs. 8 [8.0%], p = 0.0002). The proportion of asymptomatic patients and severe patients increased across the 10-year age groups. There was no significant difference in the total CT score and number of abnormal cases. A significant positive correlation between the disease duration and patient age was observed in asymptomatic patients (ρ = 0.4570, 95% CI 0.1198-0.6491, p = 0.0034). CONCLUSIONS: Although the extent of lung involvement did not have a significant difference between the young and elderly patients, elderly patients were more likely to have severe clinical manifestations. Elderly patients were also more likely to be asymptomatic and a source of COVID-19 viral shedding.


Assuntos
Infecções Assintomáticas/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Eliminação de Partículas Virais , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico por imagem , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
6.
JACC Clin Electrophysiol ; 6(14): 1797-1807, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33357576

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the performance of current diagnostic criteria and identify additional electrophysiological features differentiating orthodromic reciprocating tachycardia (ORT) with a concealed nodoventricular/nodofascicular (NV/NF) pathway from atrioventricular nodal re-entrant tachycardia (AVNRT). BACKGROUND: Diagnosing sustained supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) despite the occurrence of ventriculoatrial block (VAB) is challenging. METHODS: We analyzed electrograms of 25 sustained SVTs (9 NV/NF-ORTs [n = 7/2] and 16 AVNRTs) with VAB and 91 AVNRTs without VAB (for reference). RESULTS: More than 1 SVT, each with a different ventriculoatrial interval, was commonly induced in AVNRT cases (75%) but not in NV/NF-ORT cases (0%; p = 0.0005). Wenckebach VAB was common in NV/NF-ORTs (78%), but VAB patterns varied in AVNRTs. The His-His interval transiently prolonged in the following beat after the VAB in most AVNRTs but rarely did in NV/NF-ORTs (79% vs. 22%; p = 0.01). NV/NF-ORT was diagnosed by His-refractory premature ventricular contractions (n = 5) and the findings during right ventricular overdrive pacing showing an uncorrected/corrected post-pacing interval (PPI)-tachycardia cycle length (TCL) ≤115/110 ms (n = 5/5), orthodromic His capture (n = 6), and V-V-A (ventricle-ventricle-atrial response) response (n = 3). A single form of induced SVT (positive predictive value [PPV]: 69%; negative predictive value [NPV]: 100%), Wenckebach VAB (PPV: 70%; NPV: 87%), stable His-His interval despite VAB (PPV: 70%; NPV: 85%), orthodromic His capture (PPV: 100%; NPV: 97%), and V-V-A response (PPV: 100%; NPV: 95%) characterized NV/NF-ORT, and a PPI-TCL of ≤125 ms (PPV: 100%; NPV: 100%) characterized NV-ORT. CONCLUSIONS: Induction of a single SVT form, Wenckebach VAB, stable His-His interval despite VAB, orthodromic His capture, and V-V-A response appeared to discriminate NV/NF-ORT from AVNRT, with a PPI-TCL of ≤125 ms discriminating NV-ORT from NF-ORT and AVNRT.

7.
Int Heart J ; 61(6): 1285-1288, 2020 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33191356

RESUMO

The risk factors of carotid stenosis and coronary stenosis are similar, and therefore, certain patients with carotid stenosis may have coronary heart disease. Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) is the major therapy for ischemic heart disease with three-vessel and left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease. However, CABG can induce cerebral infarctions in cases with carotid stenosis. Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) was used to be the standard therapy for carotid stenosis; however, CEA requires general anesthesia and has a high risk of cardiovascular events in patients with ischemic heart disease. In recent times, carotid artery stenting (CAS), which does not need general anesthesia, is the new strategy for carotid stenosis. However, CAS induces hypotension and bradycardia because of a carotid node reflex, which is dangerous in patients with ischemic heart disease. We reported a case of the coexistence of severe coronary stenosis including the LMCA and three vessels and carotid stenosis. CAS before CABG under local anesthesia was successful with the use of intra-aortic balloon pumping (IABP) and a temporary pacemaker.

9.
Eur Radiol ; 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146796

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The early infection dynamics of patients with SARS-CoV-2 are not well understood. We aimed to investigate and characterize associations between clinical, laboratory, and imaging features of asymptomatic and pre-symptomatic patients with SARS-CoV-2. METHODS: Seventy-four patients with RT-PCR-proven SARS-CoV-2 infection were asymptomatic at presentation. All were retrospectively identified from 825 patients with chest CT scans and positive RT-PCR following exposure or travel risks in outbreak settings in Japan and China. CTs were obtained for every patient within a day of admission and were reviewed for infiltrate subtypes and percent with assistance from a deep learning tool. Correlations of clinical, laboratory, and imaging features were analyzed and comparisons were performed using univariate and multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: Forty-eight of 74 (65%) initially asymptomatic patients had CT infiltrates that pre-dated symptom onset by 3.8 days. The most common CT infiltrates were ground glass opacities (45/48; 94%) and consolidation (22/48; 46%). Patient body temperature (p < 0.01), CRP (p < 0.01), and KL-6 (p = 0.02) were associated with the presence of CT infiltrates. Infiltrate volume (p = 0.01), percent lung involvement (p = 0.01), and consolidation (p = 0.043) were associated with subsequent development of symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 CT infiltrates pre-dated symptoms in two-thirds of patients. Body temperature elevation and laboratory evaluations may identify asymptomatic patients with SARS-CoV-2 CT infiltrates at presentation, and the characteristics of CT infiltrates could help identify asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 patients who subsequently develop symptoms. The role of chest CT in COVID-19 may be illuminated by a better understanding of CT infiltrates in patients with early disease or SARS-CoV-2 exposure. KEY POINTS: • Forty-eight of 74 (65%) pre-selected asymptomatic patients with SARS-CoV-2 had abnormal chest CT findings. • CT infiltrates pre-dated symptom onset by 3.8 days (range 1-5). • KL-6, CRP, and elevated body temperature identified patients with CT infiltrates. Higher infiltrate volume, percent lung involvement, and pulmonary consolidation identified patients who developed symptoms.

11.
Int Heart J ; 61(5): 913-921, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921668

RESUMO

Previous study has identified marked differences in patient characteristics and causes of inappropriate shock (IAS) between Japan and the Western societies in terms of subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (S-ICD). However, evidence of IAS in Asian populations including Japan has been limited to one observational study.Thus, we conducted a single-center registry study that tracks the postoperative course of 61 consecutive patients who received S-ICD from February 2016 to January 2020. Our findings showed that IAS occurred in 9.8% of the study population (6/61), which is comparable to the previously reported incidence. Remarkably, T-wave oversensing did not result in an IAS (0/6). Instead, myopotential oversensing was determined to have caused the most IAS events (4/6), while atrial fibrillation ranked second (2/6). A provocation maneuver (e.g., abdominal clench, push-ups, lifting a heavy item) reproduced myopotential noise disguised as R-waves, which should potentially trigger an IAS if uninterrupted. R-wave amplitude of the IAS group appeared relatively low compared to that of the non-IAS group although this finding was not tested significant. Furthermore, no temporal changes were noted in R-wave amplitude between the time of implantation and IAS events, suggesting that it is neither constantly low nor acutely dropped R-wave amplitude but a relatively high noise level that drives IAS. All the myopotential-IAS patients were found to be male. Right-sided lead implantation was associated with a higher incidence of IAS.This study highlights the fact that IAS continues to occur due to myopotential noise oversensing instead of T-wave oversensing. To minimize the risk of IAS, it is desirable to search and secure high R-wave voltage.


Assuntos
Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Cardioversão Elétrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Taquicardia Ventricular/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Ventricular/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Erros de Diagnóstico , Falha de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Taquicardia Ventricular/terapia , Fibrilação Ventricular/terapia , Adulto Jovem
12.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4080, 2020 08 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32796848

RESUMO

Chest CT is emerging as a valuable diagnostic tool for clinical management of COVID-19 associated lung disease. Artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to aid in rapid evaluation of CT scans for differentiation of COVID-19 findings from other clinical entities. Here we show that a series of deep learning algorithms, trained in a diverse multinational cohort of 1280 patients to localize parietal pleura/lung parenchyma followed by classification of COVID-19 pneumonia, can achieve up to 90.8% accuracy, with 84% sensitivity and 93% specificity, as evaluated in an independent test set (not included in training and validation) of 1337 patients. Normal controls included chest CTs from oncology, emergency, and pneumonia-related indications. The false positive rate in 140 patients with laboratory confirmed other (non COVID-19) pneumonias was 10%. AI-based algorithms can readily identify CT scans with COVID-19 associated pneumonia, as well as distinguish non-COVID related pneumonias with high specificity in diverse patient populations.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Algoritmos , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Aprendizado Profundo , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador/métodos , Adulto Jovem
13.
Int Heart J ; 61(4): 859, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32728005

RESUMO

The errors in the following list appeared in the article entitled "Differential Atrial Pacing to Detect Reconnection Gaps After Pulmonary Vein Isolation in Atrial Fibrillation" by Mai Tahara, Ritsushi Kato, Yoshifumi Ikeda, Koji Goto, So Asano, Hitoshi Mori, Shiro Iwanaga, Toshihiro Muramatsu, and Kazuo Matsumoto (Vol. 61, No. 3, 503-509, 2020).

15.
Int Heart J ; 61(3): 503-509, 2020 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32418967

RESUMO

High-resolution mapping is useful to identify reconnection gaps in the pulmonary vein after pulmonary vein isolation for atrial fibrillation. However, it is sometimes difficult to differentiate pulmonary vein potentials from far-field potentials because of very low amplitudes. Our purpose was to evaluate the usefulness of a novel differential atrial pacing method to differentiate reconnected pulmonary vein potentials from isolated pulmonary vein potentials. This retrospective observational study included 34 patients with atrial fibrillation (22 men; mean age, 64 ± 14 years; 28 with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation) who underwent radiofrequency or cryoballoon ablation. Following pulmonary vein isolation, we created a high-resolution activation map during pacing from both the coronary sinus and left atrial appendage. We compared the characteristics of the pulmonary vein potentials and the pattern of activation between the reconnected and isolated pulmonary veins. We analyzed 131 pulmonary veins and found reconnections in 41 pulmonary veins (R group); 90 pulmonary veins had no reconnection (NR group). The R group had a significantly shorter distance between the earliest pulmonary vein activation sites in both activation maps, compared with the NR group (5.22 ± 0.53 mm versus 17.08 ± 0.36 mm, respectively; P < 0.0001). The amplitude of the pulmonary vein potentials was higher in the R group versus the NR group (0.61 ± 0.05 mV versus 0.04 ± 0.03 mV, respectively; P < 0.0001). Six gaps (14%) in the R group that were unrecognized using a conventional method were identified using our novel method. In conclusion, differential atrial pacing was useful to identify pulmonary vein reconnection gaps during ablation using a novel high-resolution mapping system.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/métodos , Ablação por Cateter , Sistema de Condução Cardíaco , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Veias Pulmonares , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng ; 28(5): 1178-1186, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32191893

RESUMO

Induced contraction of the suprahyoid muscles via magnetic stimulation is considered to be effective for the rehabilitation of dysphagia. In our previous study, a magnetic stimulation coil with a U-shaped core for stimulating the suprahyoid muscles was developed based on the results of numerical analysis using a simplified human head model. It was confirmed that magnetic stimulation by the coil causes large contraction of the muscles. However, the human head has a complex structure that includes bone structures through which current cannot easily pass. To accurately predict the current density distribution induced by magnetic stimulation, a model that accurately describes the human head is required for numerical analysis. Therefore, in this study, numerical analysis using the finite element method with a human head model that includes the bone structure obtained from computed tomography scans was performed. The results for the model with bone structure show that the coil with a U-shaped core can stimulate the motor points of the suprahyoid muscles in the middle of the submental region. When compared with the current density observed in a model without the bone structure, that in the model with the bone structure was reduced by 29% at a point 20 mm below the mandibular surface. It is thus necessary to perform a numerical analysis using a model with the bone structure to obtain accurate analysis results.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32144678

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Identification of a conduction gap between the left atrium and pulmonary vein (LA-PV gap) and the circuit of atrial tachycardia after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is an important process during the second ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF). The high-density mapping system RHYTHMIA® is useful for identification of an LA-PV gap and the circuit of atrial tachycardia. Therefore, this study was performed to investigate the effect of RHYTHMIA® in terms of the outcome of the second ablation for AF. METHODS: One hundred patients underwent a second ablation for AF in our institute from April 2015 to December 2018. We retrospectively evaluated 49 patients using RHYTHMIA® (group 1) and 51 patients using the conventional method with additional anatomical guide by CARTO® system. RESULTS: In group 1, we performed redo PVI for 41 patients with 49 LA-PV countable gaps and ablation for other atrial arrhythmias in 7 patients. In group 2, we performed redo PVI in 40 patients with 33 LA-PV countable gaps and ablation for other atrial arrhythmias in 9 patients. Three and two unstable arrhythmias in each group were not ablated. The final recurrence of atrial arrhythmia was significantly lower in group 1 than 2 (8/49 (16%) vs. 17/51 (33%), respectively; P = 0.017). Atrial arrhythmias other than AF after the second ablation occurred in only one patient in group 1 but seven patients in group 2. CONCLUSION: Using high-density mapping for the second ablation of AF was found to be superior to the conventional ablation method in terms of the suppression of atrial events in this study. This technique warrants further investigation.

18.
Int Heart J ; 61(1): 174-177, 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31956137

RESUMO

An 18-year-old male who had a past medical history of an intracardiac total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) operation was referred to our hospital for radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT). Two types of SVTs were induced, and 3-dimensional (3D) maps were created using an ultra-high-density 3-dimensional mapping system (Rhythmia). The earliest atrial activation site (EAAS) of SVT1 was at the superior part of the conduit, and the EAAS of SVT2 was at the inferior part of the single atrium (SA). The SVTs were terminated by energy deliveries to the EAAS from the conduit in SVT1 and from inside the single atrium in SVT2. Detailed maps of the SVTs were important to understand the mechanisms of the SVTs. The Rhythmia system was useful for the detailed mapping of complex arrhythmias. The use of Rhythmia in patients after a TCPC is difficult, because puncturing the TCPC conduit and proceeding and manipulating the Orion catheter via a narrow puncture hole are difficult. We were the first to succeed in ablating two atrial tachycardias (ATs) originating from the inside and outside of the conduit after a TCPC operation by using an ultra-high-density 3-dimensional mapping system.


Assuntos
Técnica de Fontan/efeitos adversos , Taquicardia Atrial Ectópica/cirurgia , Taquicardia Supraventricular/cirurgia , Adolescente , Ablação por Cateter , Técnicas Eletrofisiológicas Cardíacas , Humanos , Masculino , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
19.
Int Heart J ; 61(1): 54-59, 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31956147

RESUMO

Right ventricular (RV) lead perforations are relatively rare but a potentially life-threatening complication of surgical implantations of cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs). The result of percutaneous simple lead traction after lead perforations in the Japanese population has not been well clarified.We retrospectively studied 1359 patients (pacemakers [PMs], 973 patients; implantable cardioverter defibrillators [ICD], 386 patients) from April 2007 to December 2018 who underwent initial CIED implantation. Fifteen patients (1.1%) were diagnosed with RV lead perforations. The clinical data were evaluated in those patients, and the baseline characteristics and echocardiographic data were compared between the lead perforation group and the non-perforation group. The success and complication rates of the simple traction and repositioning of the RV lead were also assessed.The number of perforated RV leads was seven ICD leads (1.8%) and eight PM leads (0.82%). They were diagnosed on a median seven days (5.5-36.0) after the CIED implantation. Twelve patients were asymptomatic but were detected by an increased capture threshold. Three patients had pericarditis and stimulation of the diaphragm. Only one patient in the ICD lead group who took anticoagulants had a cardiac tamponade and needed an urgent pericardiocentesis (0.07%). No one required a thoracotomy or other devices related to complications after repositioning the RV lead. There was no significant difference in the baseline characteristics and echocardiographic parameters between the groups.RV lead perforations were relatively rare complications of CIED implantations. Percutaneous simple lead traction and repositioning the perforated lead was feasible and effective if the patients did not receive anticoagulants.


Assuntos
Desfibriladores Implantáveis/efeitos adversos , Traumatismos Cardíacos/terapia , Chumbo/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Traumatismos Cardíacos/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Falha de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Sci Adv ; 6(2): eaax4942, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31934625

RESUMO

Through their diet, animals can obtain substances essential for imparting special characteristics, such as toxins in monarch butterflies and luminescent substances in jellyfishes. These substances are typically small molecules because they are less likely to be digested and may be hard for the consumer to biosynthesize. Here, we report that Parapriacanthus ransonneti, a bioluminescent fish, obtains not only its luciferin but also its luciferase enzyme from bioluminescent ostracod prey. The enzyme purified from the fish's light organs was identical to the luciferase of Cypridina noctiluca, a bioluminescent ostracod that they feed upon. Experiments where fish were fed with a related ostracod, Vargula hilgendorfii, demonstrated the specific uptake of the luciferase to the fish's light organs. This "kleptoprotein" system allows an organism to use novel functional proteins that are not encoded in its genome and provides an evolutionary alternative to DNA-based molecular evolution.


Assuntos
Crustáceos/fisiologia , Proteínas de Peixes/metabolismo , Peixes/fisiologia , Luciferases/metabolismo , Medições Luminescentes , Comportamento Predatório/fisiologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Estruturas Animais/metabolismo , Animais , Proteínas de Peixes/química , Luciferases/química
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