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Bull Tokyo Dent Coll ; 62(3): 181-192, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34393142


Aggressive periodontitis mostly affects young people, causing rapid destruction of periodontal tissue and loss of supporting alveolar bone. The destruction of periodontal tissue induces pathological tooth movement, resulting in various types of malocclusion such as crowding or spacing in the dentition. This report describes orthodontic treatment for malocclusion due to generalized aggressive periodontitis. The patient was a 31-year-old woman who presented with the chief complaint of displacement in the anterior teeth. An oral examination revealed pathological tooth mobility throughout the entire oral cavity due to severe loss of periodontal support. Many gaps in the displaced maxillary anterior teeth and crowding in the mandibular anterior teeth were also observed. The goal of subsequent treatment was to achieve ideal overjet and overbite by aligning the teeth and closing the spaces via non-extraction orthodontic treatment with stripping. The periodontal disease was managed by a periodontist who provided guidance on oral hygiene and periodontal disease control throughout the course of orthodontic treatment. Appropriate occlusion and a good oral environment were achieved. The condition of the periodontal tissue stabilized during and after orthodontic treatment, and favourable occlusal stability was observed at the 2-year follow-up examination.

Periodontite Agressiva , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle , Má Oclusão , Adolescente , Adulto , Periodontite Agressiva/terapia , Oclusão Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Má Oclusão/terapia , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária
J Phys Ther Sci ; 32(1): 48-51, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32082028


[Purpose] This study investigated spine kinematics during normal sitting and flexion sitting with lateral reaching using a three-dimensional motion analysis system. [Participants and Methods] Nineteen healthy young adult males participated in this study. While seated, each participant was asked to reach toward the right using his right hand. Spine angles were defined as T1, T4, T8, L1, and L5 segments. Kinematic data were calculated using the Euler angle and compared to normal sitting and flexion sitting. During flexion sitting, each participant wore a trunk flexion brace. [Results] In the frontal plane, the angle of the T8 segment during flexion sitting was significantly less than during normal sitting. In the axial plane, there were significant differences among the T4, L1, and L5 segments. [Conclusion] Changes in spinal alignment decrease spinal movement and change the movement strategy during lateral reaching while seated.

Cartilage ; : 1947603519862318, 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31327238


Statins have demonstrated to be effective for treating chondrodysplasia and its effects were believed to be associated with the fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3). Statins promoted the degradation of FGFR3 in studies using disease-specific induced pluripotent stem cells and model mice, however, recent studies using normal chondrocytes reported that statins did not degrade FGFR3. In order to further investigate the effects of statins in endochondral ossification, this study examined the influence of statins on Indian hedgehog (Ihh), another important component of endochondral ossification, and its related pathways. The chondrocyte cell line ATDC5 was used to investigate changes in cell proliferation, mRNA, and protein expression levels. In addition, an organ culture of a mouse metatarsal bone was performed followed by hematoxylin-eosin staining and fluorescent immunostaining. Results indicated that expression level of Ihh increased with the addition of statins, which activated the Ihh pathway and altered the localization of Ihh. Changes in cholesterol modification may have affected Ihh diffusibility; however, further experiments are necessary. A reactive increase in parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) was observed in addition to changes in the Wnt pathway through secreted-related protein 2/3 and low-density lipoprotein 5/6. This led to the promotion of cell proliferation, increase of the hypertrophic chondrocyte layer, inhibition of apoptosis, and decrease in mineralization. This study demonstrated that statins had an influence on Ihh, and that the hyperfunction of Ihh may prevent premature cell death caused by FGFR3-related chondrodysplasia through an indirect increase in the expression of PTHrP.

Arch Oral Biol ; 70: 158-164, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27371807


OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the expression of receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL) in periodontal ligament (PDL) cells co-cultured with dental pulp (DP) cells following mechanical stress in vitro. Furthermore, the expression of prostaglandin (PG) E2 and substance P (SP) by the PDL cells and by the DP cells were also examined. DESIGN: PDL and DP cells were obtained from 10 rats. The experimental group consisted of PDL cells subjected to centrifugal force as mechanical stress and co-cultured with DP cells. The 3 control groups of PDL cells were: 1) PDL cells without mechanical stress, 2) PDL cells treated with mechanical stress and 3) PDL cells co-cultured with DP cells. The 2 control groups of DP cells were: 1) DP cells without mechanical stress and 2) DP cells co-cultured with PDL cells. In each group, both cells were examined at day 1 and day 3, and mRNA levels of RANKL by PDL cells were analyzed using Real time quantitative Reverse Transcription (RT)-PCR. Furthermore, RANKL expression was observed using Immunofluorescence staining. PGE2 and SP expression levels by PDL cells and DP cells were characterized by ELISA analysis. RESULTS: The expression of RANKL by PDL cells under mechanical stress increased by co-culture with DP cells. PGE2 and SP expressions were increased in the group of PDL cells subjected to mechanical stress and co-cultured with DP cells. CONCLUSION: DP cells may facilitate the expression of RANKL in PDL cells under mechanical stress via PGE2 and SP.

Polpa Dentária/citologia , Polpa Dentária/metabolismo , Ligamento Periodontal/citologia , Ligamento Periodontal/metabolismo , Prostaglandinas/biossíntese , Ligante RANK/biossíntese , Substância P/biossíntese , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Técnicas de Cocultura , Citocinas/biossíntese , Citocinas/metabolismo , Polpa Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Masculino , Microscopia Confocal , Ligante RANK/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Estresse Mecânico , Substância P/genética