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1.
CJC Open ; 4(7): 617-624, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35865020

RESUMO

Background: The Syncope: Pacing or Recording in the Later Years (SPRITELY) trial reported that a strategy of empiric permanent pacing in patients with syncope and bifascicular block reduces major adverse events more effectively than acting on the results of an implantable cardiac monitor (ICM). Our objective was to determine the cost-effectiveness of using the ICM, compared with a pacemaker (PM), in the management of older adults (age > 50 years) with bifascicular block and syncope enrolled in the SPRITELY trial. Methods: SPRITELY was a pragmatic, open-label randomized controlled trial with a median follow-up of 33 months. The primary outcome of this analysis is the cost per additional quality-adjusted life-year (QALY). Resource utilization and utility data were collected prospectively, and outcomes at 2 years were compared between the 2 arms. A decision analytic model simulated a 3-year time horizon. Results: The mean cost incurred by participants randomized to the PM arm was $9918, compared to $15,416 (both in Canadian dollars) for participants randomized to the ICM arm. The ICM strategy resulted in 0.167 QALYs fewer than the PM strategy. Cost and QALY outcomes are sensitive to the proportion of participants randomized to the ICM arm who subsequently required PM insertion. In 40,000 iterations of probabilistic sensitivity analysis, the PM strategy resulted in cost-savings in 99.7% of iterations, compared with the ICM strategy. Conclusions: The PM strategy was dominant-that is, less costly and estimated to result in a greater number of QALYs. For patients with unexplained syncope, bifascicular block, and age > 50 years, a PM is more likely to be cost-effective than an ICM.


Contexte: L'essai SPRITELY ( S yncope: P acing or R ecording i n t h e L ater Y ears) a été mené auprès de patients ayant subi une syncope et un bloc bifasciculaire. Elle a montré qu'une méthode de stimulation électrique permanente et empirique du cœur permet de réduire les événements indésirables majeurs plus efficacement qu'une méthode reposant sur les résultats d'un moniteur cardiaque implantable. Notre objectif était de déterminer le rapport coût-efficacité de l'utilisation du moniteur cardiaque implantable par rapport à un stimulateur cardiaque dans la prise en charge de personnes âgées de plus de 50 ans présentant un bloc bifasciculaire et une syncope, inscrits à l'essai SPRITELY. Méthodologie: SPRITELY était un essai contrôlé ouvert et pragmatique à répartition aléatoire, dont le suivi médian était de 33 mois. Le paramètre d'évaluation principal de cette analyse était le coût supplémentaire par année de vie ajustée en fonction de la qualité (AVAQ). Les données sur l'utilisation des ressources et l'utilité ont été recueillies de manière prospective, et les résultats à deux ans ont été comparés entre les deux groupes. Un modèle décisionnel analytique a été utilisé pour simuler un horizon temporel de trois ans. Résultats: Le coût moyen pour les participants répartis aléatoirement dans le groupe utilisant un stimulateur cardiaque était de 9 918 $ CAN comparativement à 15 416 $ CAN pour ceux utilisant un moniteur cardiaque implantable. La stratégie du moniteur cardiaque implantable s'est traduite par une réduction de 0,167 du nombre d'AVAQ par rapport à la stratégie reposant sur le stimulateur cardiaque. Les résultats relatifs aux coûts et aux AVAQ sont sensibles à la proportion de participants répartis aléatoirement dans le groupe du moniteur cardiaque implantable qui ont par la suite dû recevoir un stimulateur cardiaque. Sur 40 000 itérations de l'analyse de sensibilité probabiliste, la stratégie du stimulateur cardiaque a occasionné des économies dans 99,7 % des itérations comparativement à la stratégie du moniteur cardiaque implantable. Conclusions: La stratégie du stimulateur cardiaque était dominante, autrement dit moins coûteuse et, selon les estimations, entraînerait un plus grand nombre d'AVAQ. Pour les patients de plus de 50 ans présentant une syncope idiopathique et un bloc bifasciculaire, un stimulateur cardiaque est plus susceptible d'être moins coûteux qu'un moniteur cardiaque implantable.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35739438

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transseptal puncture to achieve left atrial access is necessary for many cardiac procedures, including atrial fibrillation ablation. More recently, there has been an increasing need for left atrial access using large caliber sheaths, which increases risk of perforation associated with the initial advancement into the left atrium. We compared the effectiveness of a radiofrequency needle-based transseptal system versus conventional needle for transseptal access. METHODS: This prospective controlled trial randomized 161 patients with symptomatic paroxysmal atrial fibrillation undergoing cryoballoon pulmonary vein isolation to transseptal access with a commercially available transseptal system (radiofrequency needle plus stiff pigtail wire; RF + Pigtail group) versus conventional transseptal access (standard group). The primary outcome was time required for left atrial access. Secondary outcomes included failure of the assigned transseptal system, radiation exposure, and complications. RESULTS: The median transseptal puncture time was significantly shorter using the radiofrequency needle plus stiff pigtail wire transseptal system compared with conventional transseptal (840 ± 323 vs. 956 ± 407 s, P = 0.0489). Compared to conventional transseptal puncture, fewer transseptal attempts were required (1.0 ± 0.5 RF applications vs. 1.3 ± 0.8 mechanical punctures, P = 0.0123) and the fluoroscopy time was significantly shorter (72.0 [IQR 48.0, 129.0] vs. 93.0 [IQR 60.0, 171.0] s, P = 0.0490) with the radiofrequency needle plus stiff pigtail wire transseptal system. Failure to achieve transseptal LA access with the assigned system was rarely observed (1.3% vs. 5.7%, P = 0.2192). There were no procedural complications observed with either system. CONCLUSIONS: The use of a radiofrequency needle plus stiff pigtail wire resulted in shorter time to left atrial access and reduced fluoroscopy time compared to left atrial access using conventional transseptal equipment. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT03199703.

4.
Auton Neurosci ; 241: 102998, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35696879

RESUMO

Vasovagal syncope (VVS) continues to be the most frequent cause of syncope in all age groups. Recent randomized double-blinded trials (RCTs) provide further support for pacing in selected cases of patients with recurrent refractory VVS with significant cardio-inhibitory response either documented spontaneously or induced during head-up tilt testing (HUTT). Cardiac pacing is the only therapy of proven efficacy for the predominant cardio-inhibitory phenotype of vasovagal (reflex) syncope; however, several questions regarding the best candidates remain. The current review focuses on practical tips for use of cardiac pacing in practice.


Assuntos
Síncope Vasovagal , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Síncope/complicações , Síncope Vasovagal/terapia , Teste da Mesa Inclinada/efeitos adversos
5.
Heart Rhythm ; 2022 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35716859

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardioneuroablation (CNA) has emerged as promising therapy for patients with refractory vasovagal syncope (VVS). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to provide a freedom from syncope estimate for CNA, including subgroup analysis by method and target of ablation. METHODS: A systematic search was performed in MEDLINE and EMBASE according to the PRISMA guidelines until February 14, 2022. Observational studies and clinical trials reporting freedom from syncope were included. Meta-analysis was performed with a random-effects model. RESULTS: A total of 465 patients were included across 14 studies (mean age 39.8 ± 4.0 year; 53.5% female). Different techniques were used to guide CNA: 50 patients (10.8%) by mapping fractionated electrograms, 73 (15.7%) with the spectral method, 210 (45.2%) with high-frequency stimulation, 73 (15.7%) with a purely anatomically guided method, and 59 (12.6%) with a combination. The target was biatrial in 168 patients (36.1%), left atrium only in 259 (55.7%), and right atrium only in 38 (8.2%). The freedom from syncope was 91.9% (95% confidence interval [CI] 88.1%-94.6%; I2 = 6.9%; P = .376). CNA limited to right atrial ablation was associated with a significant lower freedom from syncope (81.5%; 95% CI 51.9%-94.7%; P <.0001) vs left atrial ablation only (94.0%; 95% CI 88.6%--6.9%) and biatrial ablation (92.7%; 95% CI 86.8%-96.1%). Subgroup analysis according to the technique used to identify ganglionated plexi did not show any significant difference in freedom from syncope (P = .206). CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis suggests a high freedom from syncope after CNA in VVS. Well-designed, double-blind, multicenter, sham-controlled randomized clinical trials are needed to provide evidence for future guidelines.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35362165

RESUMO

Catheter-based cardioneuroablation is increasingly being utilized to improve outcomes in patients with vasovagal syncope and atrioventricular block due to vagal hyperactivity. There is now increasing convergence among enthusiasts on its various aspects, including patient selection, technical steps, and procedural end-points. This pragmatic review aims to take the reader through a step-by-step approach to cardioneuroablation: we begin with a brief overview of the anatomy of intrinsic cardiac autonomic nervous system, before focusing on the indications, preprocedure and postprocedure management, necessary equipment, and its potential limitations.

9.
JACC Clin Electrophysiol ; 8(2): 239-248, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35210082

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In this study, the authors tested whether a strategy of empiric permanent pacing reduces major composite events more effectively than acting on the results of an implantable cardiac monitor (ICM). BACKGROUND: Syncope may be caused by intermittent complete heart block in patients with bifascicular heart block, but competing diagnoses coexist. Whether empiric permanent pacing or acting on investigative results provides best care is unknown. METHODS: This was a multinational, randomized, pragmatic clinical trial of patients ≥50 years of age with bifascicular block, preserved left ventricular function, and ≥1 syncope in the preceding year. The primary composite outcome measure comprised cardiovascular death, syncope, bradycardia resulting in pacemaker insertion, and device complications. RESULTS: There were 57 and 58 subjects randomized to receive a pacemaker or ICM. A total of 41 patients had left bundle branch block and 74 had right bundle branch block and a left fascicular block. Patients were followed for a median 33 months. There were fewer composite primary outcomes in patients randomized to pacemaker compared with ICM, respectively (20 [35%] vs 44 [76%]; chi square P < 0.0001), with lower actuarial probabilities of a primary outcome (0.45 and 1.00; P < 0.001). Syncope was as likely in the groups randomized to receive a pacemaker or ICM (29% vs 26%, chi-square P = 0.95). CONCLUSIONS: Empiric permanent pacing compared with ICM reduced major adverse events but not syncope in older patients with bifascicular block and recent syncope. There remains a substantial likelihood of syncope recurrence in patients who receive a permanent pacemaker likely caused by vasodepressor syncope. (Syncope: Pacing or Recording in the Later Years [SPRITELY]; NCT01423994).


Assuntos
Bloqueio de Ramo , Marca-Passo Artificial , Idoso , Arritmias Cardíacas/complicações , Bloqueio de Ramo/diagnóstico , Bloqueio de Ramo/terapia , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/métodos , Humanos , Síncope/diagnóstico , Síncope/etiologia , Síncope/terapia
10.
Am Heart J ; 248: 1-12, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35219715

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF) after a pulmonary vein isolation procedure is often due to electrical reconnection of the pulmonary veins. Repeat ablation procedures may improve freedom from AF but are associated with increased risks and health care costs. A novel ablation strategy in which patients receive "augmented" ablation lesions has the potential to reduce the risk of AF recurrence. OBJECTIVE: The Augmented Wide Area Circumferential Catheter Ablation for Reduction of Atrial Fibrillation Recurrence (AWARE) Trial was designed to evaluate whether an augmented wide-area circumferential antral (WACA) ablation strategy will result in fewer atrial arrhythmia recurrences in patients with symptomatic paroxysmal AF, compared with a conventional WACA strategy. METHODS/DESIGN: The AWARE trial was a multicenter, prospective, randomized, open, blinded endpoint trial that has completed recruitment (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02150902). Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to either the control arm (single WACAlesion set) or the interventional arm (augmented- double WACA lesion set performed after the initial WACA). The primary outcome was atrial tachyarrhythmia (AA; atrial tachycardia [AT], atrial flutter [AFl] or AF) recurrence between days 91 and 365 post catheter ablation. Patient follow-up included 14-day continuous ambulatory ECG monitoring at 3, 6, and 12 months after catheter ablation. Three questionnaires were administered during the trial- the EuroQuol-5D (EQ-5D) quality of life scale, the Canadian Cardiovascular Society Severity of Atrial Fibrillation scale, and a patient satisfaction scale. DISCUSSION: The AWARE trial was designed to evaluate whether a novel approach to catheter ablation reduced the risk of AA recurrence in patients with symptomatic paroxysmal AF.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Ablação por Cateter , Veias Pulmonares , Canadá , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Recidiva , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35028799

RESUMO

To analyze the prognostic value of left ventricular global longitudinal strain (LV-GLS) and other echocardiographic parameters to predict adverse outcomes in chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCM). Prospective cohort study conducted in 177 consecutive patients with different CCM stages. Transthoracic echocardiography measurements were obtained following the American Society of Echocardiography recommendations. By speckle-tracking echocardiography, LV-GLS was obtained from the apical three-chamber, apical two-chamber, and apical four-chamber views. The primary composite outcome (CO) was all-cause mortality, cardiac transplantation, and a left ventricular assist device implantation. After a median follow-up of 42.3 months (Q1 = 38.6; Q3 = 52.1), the CO incidence was 22.6% (95% CI 16.7-29.5%, n = 40). The median LV-GLS value was - 13.6% (Q1 = - 18.6%; Q3 = - 8.5%). LVEF, LV-GLS, and E/e' ratio with cut-off points of 40%, - 9, and 8.1, respectively, were the best independent CO predictors. We combined these three echocardiographic markers and evaluated the risk of CO according to the number of altered parameters, finding a significant increase in the risk across the groups. While in the group of patients in which all these three parameters were normal, only 3.2% had the CO; those with all three abnormal parameters had an incidence of 60%. We observed a potential incremental prognostic value of LV-GLS in the multivariate model of LVEF and E/e' ratio, as the AUC increased slightly from 0.76 to 0.79, nevertheless, this difference was not statistically significant (p = 0.066). LV-GLS is an important predictor of adverse cardiovascular events in CCM, providing a potential incremental prognostic value to LVEF and E/e' ratio when analyzed using optimal cut-off points, highlighting the potential utility of multimodal echocardiographic tools for predicting adverse outcomes in CCM.

12.
Stroke ; 53(3): e94-e103, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34986652

RESUMO

Atrial fibrillation (AF) can be newly detected in approximately one-fourth of patients with ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack without previously recognized AF. We present updated evidence supporting that AF detected after stroke or transient ischemic attack (AFDAS) may be a distinct clinical entity from AF known before stroke occurrence (known atrial fibrillation). Data suggest that AFDAS can arise from the interplay of cardiogenic and neurogenic forces. The embolic risk of AFDAS can be understood as a gradient defined by the prevalence of vascular comorbidities, the burden of AF, neurogenic autonomic changes, and the severity of atrial cardiopathy. The balance of existing data indicates that AFDAS has a lower prevalence of cardiovascular comorbidities, a lower degree of cardiac abnormalities than known atrial fibrillation, a high proportion (52%) of very brief (<30 seconds) AF paroxysms, and is more frequently associated with insular brain infarction. These distinctive features of AFDAS may explain its recently observed lower associated risk of stroke than known atrial fibrillation. We present an updated ad-hoc meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials in which the association between prolonged cardiac monitoring and reduced risk of ischemic stroke was nonsignificant (incidence rate ratio, 0.90 [95% CI, 0.71-1.15]). These findings highlight that larger and sufficiently powered randomized controlled trials of prolonged cardiac monitoring assessing the risk of stroke recurrence are needed. Meanwhile, we call for further research on AFDAS and stroke recurrence, and a tailored approach when using prolonged cardiac monitoring after ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack, focusing on patients at higher risk of AFDAS and, more importantly, at higher risk of cardiac embolism.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Demência/epidemiologia , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/etiologia , Demência/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Risco
13.
Mayo Clin Proc ; 97(1): 88-100, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34862072

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the utility of Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) as a measure of comorbidity burden to predict procedural outcomes after de novo cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) implantation. METHODS: All de novo CIED implantations in the United States National Inpatient Sample between 2015 and 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, stratified by CCI score (0=no comorbidity burden, 1=mild, 2=moderate, ≥3=severe). Multivariable logistic regression models were performed to examine the association between unit CCI score (scale) and in-hospital outcomes (major adverse cerebrovascular and cardiovascular events [MACCE]: composite of all-cause mortality, acute ischemic stroke, thoracic and cardiac complications, and device-related complications; and MACCE individual components). RESULTS: Of 474,475 CIED procedures, the distribution of CCI score was as follows: CCI=0 (17.7%), CCI=1 (21.8%), CCI=2 (18.7%), and CCI=3+ (41.8%). Charlson comorbidity index score was associated with increased odds ratios of MACCE (1.10; 95% CI, 1.09 to 1.11), all-cause mortality (1.23; 95% CI, 1.21 to 1.25), and acute stroke (1.45; 95% CI, 1.44 to 1.46). This finding was consistent across all CIED groups except the cardiac resynchronization therapy groups in which CCI was not associated with increased risk of mortality. A higher CCI score was not associated with increased odds of procedural (thoracic and cardiac) and device-related complications. CONCLUSION: In a nationwide cohort of CIED procedures, higher comorbidity burden as measured by CCI score was associated with an increased risk of in-hospital mortality and acute ischemic stroke, but not procedure-related (thoracic and cardiac) or device-related complications. Objective assessment of comorbidity burden is important to risk-stratify patients undergoing CIED implantation for better prognostication of their in-hospital survival.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Desfibriladores Implantáveis/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
14.
Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed) ; 75(7): 568-575, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34969644

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: There are no in-depth studies of the long-term outcome of patients with syncope after exclusion of cardiac etiology. We therefore analyzed the long-term outcome of this population. METHODS: For 147 months, we included all patients with syncope referred to our syncope unit after exclusion of a cardiac cause. RESULTS: We included 589 consecutive patients. There were 313 (53.1%) women, and the median age was 52 [34-66] years. Of these, 405 (68.8%) were diagnosed with vasovagal syncope (VVS), 65 (11%) with orthostatic hypotension syncope (OHS), and 119 (20.2%) with syncope of unknown etiology (SUE). During a median follow-up of 52 [28-89] months, 220 (37.4%) had recurrences (21.7% ≥ 2 recurrences), and 39 died (6.6%). Syncope recurred in 41% of patients with VVS, 35.4% with OHS, and 25.2% with SUE (P=.006). In the Cox multivariate analysis, recurrence was correlated with age (P=.002), female sex (P <.0001), and the number of previous episodes (< 5 vs ≥ 5; P <.0001). Death occurred in 15 (3.5%) patients with VVS, 11 (16.9%) with OHS, and 13 (10.9%) with SUE (P=.001). In the multivariate analysis, death was associated with age (P=.0001), diabetes (P=.007), and diagnosis of OHS (P=.026) and SUE (P=.020). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with noncardiac syncope, the recurrence rate after 52 months of follow-up was 37.4% and mortality was 6.6% per year. Recurrence was higher in patients with a neuromedial profile and mortality was higher in patients with a nonneuromedial profile.


Assuntos
Síncope Vasovagal , Teste da Mesa Inclinada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Síncope/epidemiologia , Síncope/etiologia , Síncope Vasovagal/diagnóstico , Síncope Vasovagal/epidemiologia
15.
Open Forum Infect Dis ; 8(11): ofab513, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34859113

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Prevention of Arrhythmia Device Infection Trial (PADIT) investigated whether intensification of perioperative prophylaxis could prevent cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) infections. Compared with a single dose of cefazolin, the perioperative administration of cefazolin, vancomycin, bacitracin, and cephalexin did not significantly decrease the risk of infection. Our objective was to compare the microbiology of infections between study arms in PADIT. METHODS: This was a post hoc analysis. Differences between study arms in the microbiology of infections were assessed at the level of individual patients and at the level of microorganisms using the Fisher exact test. RESULTS: Overall, 209 microorganisms were reported from 177 patients. The most common microorganisms were coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS; 82/209 [39.2%]) and S. aureus (75/209 [35.9%]). There was a significantly lower proportion of CoNS in the incremental arm compared with the standard arm (30.1% vs 46.6%; P = .04). However, there was no significant difference between study arms in the frequency of recovery of other microorganisms. In terms of antimicrobial susceptibility, 26.5% of microorganisms were resistant to cefazolin. CoNS were more likely to be cefazolin-resistant in the incremental arm (52.2% vs 26.8%, respectively; P = .05). However, there was no difference between study arms in terms of infections in which the main pathogen was sensitive to cefazolin (77.8% vs 64.3%; P = .10) or vancomycin (90.8% vs 90.2%; P = .90). CONCLUSIONS: Intensification of the prophylaxis led to significant changes in the microbiology of infections, despite the absence of a decrease in the overall risk of infections. These findings provide important insight on the physiopathology of CIED infections. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT01002911.

16.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 751415, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34912860

RESUMO

Background: Chronic Chagas Cardiomyopathy is a unique form of cardiomyopathy, with a significantly higher mortality risk than other heart failure etiologies. Diastolic dysfunction (DD) plays an important role in the prognosis of CCM; however, the value of serum biomarkers in identifying and stratifying DD has been poorly studied in this context. We aimed to analyze the correlation of six biochemical markers with diastolic function echocardiographic markers and DD diagnosis in patients with CCM. Methods: Cross-sectional study of 100 adults with different stages of CCM. Serum concentrations of amino-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), galectin-3 (Gal-3), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), high-sensitivity troponin T (hs-cTnT), soluble (sST2), and cystatin-C (Cys-c) were measured. Tissue Doppler imaging was used to measure echocardiographic parameters indicating DD. Multivariate logistic regression models adjusted by age, sex, BMI, and NYHA classification were used to evaluate the association between the biomarkers and DD. Results: From the total patients included (55% male with a median age of 62 years), 38% had a preserved LVEF, but only 14% had a normal global longitudinal strain. Moreover, 64% had a diagnosis of diastolic dysfunction, with most of the patients showing a restrictive pattern (n = 28). The median levels of all biomarkers (except for sST2) were significantly higher in the group of patients with DD. Higher levels of natural log-transformed NTproBNP (per 1-unit increase, OR = 3.41, p < 0.001), Hs-cTnT (per 1-unit increase, OR = 3.24, p = 0.001), NGAL (per 1-unit increase, OR = 5.24, p =0.003), and Cys-C (per 1-unit increase, OR = 22.26, p = 0.008) were associated with increased odds of having diastolic dysfunction in the multivariate analyses. Finally, NT-proBNP had the highest AUC value (88.54) for discriminating DD presence. Conclusion: Cardiovascular biomarkers represent valuable tools for diastolic dysfunction assessment in the context of CCM. Additional studies focusing mainly on patients with HFpEF are required to validate the performance of these cardiovascular biomarkers in CCM, allowing for an optimal assessment of this unique population.

17.
Molecules ; 26(24)2021 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34946501

RESUMO

Croton lechleri, commonly known as Dragon's blood, is a tree cultivated in the northwest Amazon rainforest of Ecuador and Peru. This tree produces a deep red latex which is composed of different natural products such as phenolic compounds, alkaloids, and others. The chemical structures of these natural products found in C. lechleri latex are promising corrosion inhibitors of admiralty brass (AB), due to the number of heteroatoms and π structures. In this work, three different extracts of C. lechleri latex were obtained, characterized phytochemically, and employed as novel green corrosion inhibitors of AB. The corrosion inhibition efficiency (IE%) was determined in an aqueous 0.5 M HCl solution by potentiodynamic polarization (Tafel plots) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, measuring current density and charge transfer resistance, respectively. In addition, surface characterization of AB was performed by scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy techniques. Chloroform alkaloid-rich extracts resulted in IE% of 57% at 50 ppm, attributed to the formation of a layer of organic compounds on the AB surface that hindered the dezincification process. The formulation of corrosion inhibitors from C. lechleri latex allows for the valorization of non-edible natural sources and the diversification of the offer of green corrosion inhibitors for the chemical treatment of heat exchangers.


Assuntos
Cobre/química , Croton/química , Ácido Clorídrico/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Zinco/química , Corrosão
18.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0258622, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34710112

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic Chagas Cardiomyopathy (CCM) is a unique form of cardiomyopathy compared to other etiologies of heart failure. In CCM, risk prediction based on biomarkers has not been well-studied. We assessed the prognostic value of a biomarker panel to predict a composite outcome (CO), including the need for heart transplantation, use of left ventricular assist devices, and mortality. METHODS: Prospective cohort study of 100 adults with different stages of CCM. Serum concentrations of amino-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), galectin-3 (Gal-3), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), high sensitivity troponin T (hs-cTnT), soluble (sST2), and cystatin-C (Cys-c) were measured. Survival analyses were performed using Cox proportional hazard models. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 52 months, the mortality rate was 20%, while the CO was observed in 25% of the patients. Four biomarkers (NT-proBNP, hs-cTnT, sST2, and Cys-C) were associated with the CO; concentrations of NT-proBNP and hs-cTnT were associated with the highest AUC (85.1 and 85.8, respectively). Combining these two biomarkers above their selected cut-off values significantly increased risk for the CO (HR 3.18; 95%CI 1.31-7.79). No events were reported in the patients in whom the two biomarkers were under the cut-off values, and when both levels were above cut-off values, the CO was observed in 60.71%. CONCLUSION: The combination of NT-proBNP and hs-TnT above their selected cut-off values is associated with a 3-fold increase in the risk of the composite outcome among CCM patients. The use of cardiac biomarkers may improve prognostic evaluation of patients with CCM.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/complicações , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
20.
Heart Rhythm ; 18(12): 2160-2166, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34419666

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardioneuroablation (CNA) targets the intrinsic cardiac autonomic nervous system ganglionated plexi located in the peri-atrial epicardial fat. There is increasing interest in CNA as a treatment of vasovagal syncope (VVS), despite no randomized clinical trial (RCT) data. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to poll the opinion on CNA) for VVS. METHODS: A REDCap (Research Electronic Data Capture) survey was administered to international physicians treating patients with VVS on their opinion about patient selection criteria, ablation approach, RCT design, and most appropriate end points for CNA procedures. RESULTS: The survey was completed by 118 physicians; 86% were cardiac electrophysiologists. The majority of respondents (79%) would consider referring a patient with refractory VVS for CNA, and 27% have performed CNA for VVS themselves. Most felt patient selection should require a head-up tilt test with a cardioinhibitory response (67%) and suggest a minimum age of 18 years with a median of 3 (interquartile range 2-5) episodes in the past year. There were differences in patient selection between physicians who have performed CNA themselves and those who have not. The majority felt that the ablation strategy should include both atria (70%) with an anatomical approach in combination with autonomic stimulation (85%). Performing a sham procedure in the control arm was supported by 56% of respondents, providing equipoise in RCT design. The preferred primary outcome was freedom from syncope within 1 year of follow-up. CONCLUSION: There is widespread support for well-designed RCTs to confirm the hypothesized clinical benefit of CNA, provide data to guide the risk-benefit equations during patient selection, and appropriately estimate the placebo effect.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Ablação por Cateter , Átrios do Coração/inervação , Seleção de Pacientes , Síncope Vasovagal , Vias Autônomas/cirurgia , Cardiologistas/estatística & dados numéricos , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Eletrofisiologia/métodos , Humanos , Recidiva , Medição de Risco , Percepção Social , Síncope Vasovagal/diagnóstico , Síncope Vasovagal/fisiopatologia , Síncope Vasovagal/cirurgia , Teste da Mesa Inclinada/métodos
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