Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 240
Filtrar
4.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 74(5): 631-641, 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31370954

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several studies have demonstrated the benefits of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in patients with aortic stenosis, but the presence of persistent fibrosis and myocardial hypertrophy has been related to worse prognosis. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the potential benefits of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors on left ventricular remodeling and major clinical outcomes following successful transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). METHODS: Patients from 10 institutions with severe aortic stenosis who underwent TAVR between August 2007 and August 2017 were included. All baseline data were prospectively recorded, and pre-specified follow-up was performed. Doses and types of RAS inhibitors at discharge were recorded, and matched comparison according to their prescription at discharge was performed. RESULTS: A total of 2,785 patients were included. Patients treated with RAS inhibitors (n = 1,622) presented similar surgical risk scores but a higher rate of all cardiovascular risk factors, coronary disease, and myocardial infarction. After adjustment for these baseline differences, reduction of left ventricular volumes and hypertrophy was greater and cardiovascular mortality at 3-year follow-up was lower (odds ratio: 0.59; 95% confidence interval: 0.41 to 0.87; p = 0.007) in patients treated with RAS inhibitors. Moreover, RAS inhibitors demonstrated a global cardiovascular protective effect with significantly lower rates of new-onset atrial fibrillation, cerebrovascular events, and readmissions. CONCLUSIONS: Post-TAVR RAS inhibitors are associated with lower cardiac mortality at 3-year follow-up and offer a global cardiovascular protective effect that might be partially explained by a positive left ventricular remodeling. An ongoing randomized trial will help confirm these hypothesis-generating findings. (Renin-Angiotensin System Blockade Benefits in Clinical Evolution and Ventricular Remodeling After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation [RASTAVI]; NCT03201185).

6.
Eur Heart J ; 40(38): 3156-3165, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31230081

RESUMO

AIMS: Peri-procedural transcatheter valve embolization and migration (TVEM) is a rare but potentially devastating complication of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). We sought to assess the incidence, causes, and outcome of TVEM in a large multicentre cohort. METHODS AND RESULTS: We recorded cases of peri-procedural TVEM in patients undergoing TAVI between January 2010 and December 2017 from 26 international sites. Peri-procedural TVEM occurred in 273/29 636 (0.92%) TAVI cases (age 80.8 ± 7.3 years; 53.8% female), of which 217 were to the ascending aorta and 56 to the left ventricle. The use of self-expanding or first-generation prostheses and presence of a bicuspid aortic valve were independent predictors of TVEM. Bail-out measures included repositioning attempts using snares or miscellaneous tools (41.0%), multiple valve implantations (83.2%), and conversion to surgery (19.0%). Using 1:4-propensity matching, we identified a cohort of 235 patients with TVEM (TVEMPS) and 932 patients without TVEM (non-TVEMPS). In the matched cohort, all-cause mortality was higher in TVEMPS than in non-TVEMPS at 30 days (18.6% vs. 4.9%; P < 0.001) and after 1 year (30.5% vs. 16.6%; P < 0.001). Major stroke was more frequent in TVEMPS at 30 days (10.6% vs. 2.8%; P < 0.001), but not at 1 year (4.6% vs. 1.9%; P = 0.17). The need for emergent cardiopulmonary support, major stroke at 30 days, and acute kidney injury Stages 2 and 3 increased the risk of 1-year mortality, whereas a better renal function at baseline was protective. CONCLUSION: Transcatheter valve embolization and migration occurred in approximately 1% and was associated with increased morbidity and mortality.

8.
Int J Cardiol ; 290: 84-85, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31126736
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31037836

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Conduction disturbances are the most frequent complication of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). However, no data exists regarding the outcomes of intraprocedural high-degree atrioventricular block (HAVB) or complete heart block (CHB) in patients without previous conduction disturbances. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of intraprocedural-HAVB/CHB in patients without previous intraventricular conduction disturbances. METHODS: The occurrence of intraprocedural-HAVB/CHB was assessed in 676 consecutive patients undergoing TAVR, and two groups were established according to its duration: persistent-HAVB/CHB (PHAVB/CHB) and transient-HAVB/CHB (THAVB/CHB), not present at the end of the procedure. RESULTS: Intraprocedural-HAVB/CHB occurred in 50 patients (7.4%), being persistent in 32 (64.0%), and transient in 18 (36.0%). The use of Medtronic Corevalve Revalving System (MCRS) and a greater oversizing of the valve increased the risk of intraprocedural-HAVB/CHB (p < 0.001). Permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI) was more frequent in the PHAVB/CHB than in the THAVB/CHB group (96.9% vs. 33.3%; p < 0.001). At 1-month follow-up, the PHAVB/CHB group showed a 98% ventricular pacing rate (VPR) compared to 16% in the THAVB/CHB group (p < 0.001), and similar VPR were observed at 1-year follow-up (98% vs. 37%, p < 0.001). Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) decreased at 1-year follow-up in patients with PHAVB/CHB (-3.9 ± 1.8%, p = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: In TAVR recipients with no prior intraventricular conduction disturbances, intraprocedural-HAVB/CHB occurred in 7.4% of cases. HAVB/CHB was persistent in most cases and determined a high rate of PPI post-TAVR. Very high VPR at 1- and 12-month follow-up were observed, which in turn was associated with a negative effect on LVEF. These results support early PPI and close follow-up in patients developing intraprocedural-PHAVB/CHB.

10.
Immunol Lett ; 208: 39-43, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30902734

RESUMO

The nuclear-factor kappa-beta (NF-KB) is a driver of inflammation, and plays an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease (CAD). Early-onset CAD is defined as a coronary ischaemic episode at an age ≤55 years, and in our population was strongly associated with male sex and smoking. Our aim was to determine whether common variants in three NF-KB genes were associated with early-onset CAD. We studied 609 patients with early-onset CAD and 423 healthy controls, all male. Allele and genotype frequencies for the NFKB1 rs28362491 (-94 delATTG) and NFKBIA rs8904 were not significantly different between the two groups. For the NFKBIZ rs3217713, the deletion allele was significantly more frequent in the patients than in controls (0.27 vs. 0.22; p = 0.004). Deletion-carriers were more frequent in the patients (p < 0.001), with an OR = 1.48 (95%CI = 1.15-1.90). We performed a multiple logistic regression (linear generalized model) with smoking, hypercholesterolemia, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and the rs3217713 deletion carriers remained significantly associated with early-onset CAD (p = 0.01). In our population, the NFKBIZ variant was an independent risk factor for developing early-onset CAD.

13.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 72(2): 138-144, feb. 2019. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: ibc-ET1-2106

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: La miocardiopatía hipertrófica (MCH) es la enfermedad cardiaca hereditaria más frecuente. El desafío actual radica en la clasificación precisa de la patogenicidad de variantes asociadas a las MCH. Para la evaluación inicial de la MCH se recomienda una ecocardiografía transtorácica (ETT). La cardiorresonancia magnética (CRM) también debe considerarse. El objetivo fue revaluar la penetrancia y expresión clínica de la variante patogénica MYBPC3 p.G263*. Métodos: Se estudiaron los principales genes sarcoméricos, mediante next-generation sequencing, en 384 índices con MCH y una cohorte control de 450 individuos sanos. Se identificaron todos portadores de MYBPC3 p.G263* y se realizó cribado familiar. Se recogió información clínica de manera retrospectiva hasta 2015 y prospectiva a partir de entonces. Se realizó un esfuerzo extra para realizar CRM en todos los portadores de la variante independientemente del resultado de la ETT. Resultados: Trece casos índice con MCH y ninguno de la cohorte control eran portadores de la variante MYBPC3 p.G263*, patogénica según el American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics y la Association for Molecular Pathology. Mediante cribado familiar se identificó a un total de 39 portadores. La mayoría se diagnosticó de MCH asintomática, con inicio tardío de la enfermedad y un curso relativamente benigno, pero con potenciales complicaciones tardías. Se encontró una penetrancia cercana al 70% evaluada por la ETT y del 87% por CRM. La penetrancia era edad-dependiente, y alcanzó el 100% en mayores de 55 años. Conclusiones: MYBPC3 p.G263* comparte con la mayoría de las variantes patogénicas truncantes en este gen un inicio tardío, un curso relativamente benigno en los jóvenes y una alta penetrancia. La CRM podría ser una herramienta útil en la evaluación de portadores independientemente de la ETT


Introduction and objectives: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common inherited cardiac disease. The current challenge relies on the accurate classification of the pathogenicity of the variants. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is recommended at initial evaluation and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging should also be considered. We aimed to reappraise the penetrance and clinical expression of the MYBPC3 p.G263* variant. Methods: Three hundred and eighty-four HCM probands and a control cohort of 450 individuals were studied for the main sarcomere genes by next-generation sequencing. All MYBPC3 p.G263* carriers were identified and family screening was performed. Clinical information was recorded retrospectively before 2015 and prospectively thereafter. Extra effort was invested in performing CMR in all carriers, despite TTE results. Results: Thirteen HCM probands and none of the controls were carriers of the MYBPC3 p.G263* pathogenic variant (according to the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics and the Association for Molecular Pathology). A total of 39 carriers were identified with family screening. Most patients with HCM were asymptomatic at the time of diagnosis and showed late-onset disease. Despite having a relatively benign course in the young, late HCM-related complications could occur. Penetrance was around 70% when evaluated by TTE and was 87.2% with TTE plus CMR. Penetrance was age-dependent, reaching 100% in carriers older than 55 years. Conclusions: MYBPC3 p.G263* shares with most truncating pathogenic variants in this gene a late onset, relatively benign clinical course in the young, and high penetrance. Cardiac magnetic resonance could be a useful tool to evaluate carriers despite TTE results

14.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 108(3): e173-e174, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30794783

RESUMO

This report describes a clinical case of a degenerated CoreValve (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN) aortic prosthesis in a 59-year-old patient. Videos of a previously described surgical technique for late surgical explantation of a CoreValve are provided. This operation is feasible and easy to perform, partly because of the absence of adhesions at the coronary ostia. This report also comments on the controversy between mechanical and biologic prostheses in patients undergoing renal dialysis.

15.
Int J Cardiol ; 287: 53-58, 2019 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30772015

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the safety and effectiveness of valve in valve (VIV) TAVI with the autoexpandable valve, specifically in patients with failed Mitroflow (MF) bioprosthetic aortic valves. METHODS: Pilot, single center, observational and prospective study that included 45 consecutive patients with symptomatic failed MF bioprosthetic aortic valve, referred for VIV TAVI. The safety primary endpoint was a composite of early events at 30 days, defined by VARC-2 criteria. The efficacy primary endpoint was the device success (no procedural mortality, correct positioning of a single prosthetic heart valve into the proper anatomical location and absence of moderate/severe prosthetic aortic valve regurgitation). We also analysed patient-prosthesis mismatch (PPM) parameters. RESULTS: Between March 2012 to December 2017, 45 symptomatic patients (age 79.9 ±â€¯6.5 years) with degenerated MF valves (numbers 19: 33.3%; 21: 28.9%; 23: 24.4%; 25: 13.3%) underwent CoreValve (n = 11) or Evolut R (n = 34) implantation (23 and 26 mm sizes). The STS predicted risk of mortality was 6.3 ±â€¯6.3%. The safety primary endpoint occurred in 4 patients (8.8%). The efficacy endpoint was present in all patients (100%). There were no coronary occlusions or procedural deaths. The number of patients with any degree of PPM raised from 51.1% (pre-TAVI) to 60% (post-TAVI). CONCLUSIONS: Self-expanding TAVI for degenerated MF bioprosthesis has favourable early outcomes. The VIV procedure has provided an important gateway to avoiding high-risk redo surgery and is now a potential option for MF failed surgically aortic implanted valves.

17.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 158(3): 706-714.e18, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30579533

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In recent years, the use of surgically implanted biological aortic valves has been favored over mechanical prosthesis in patients between 50 and 70 years of age. However, outcomes on long-term survival are contradictory. The objective of this study was to determine if patients with mechanical valves have worse long-term survival than patients with biological prostheses. METHODS: We systematically searched published studies that: (1) were propensity score-matched or randomized controlled trials; (2) provided survival data with a minimum follow-up of 5 years; and (3) included patients older than 50 and younger than 70 years of age. Review articles, case reports, and editorials were excluded. We conducted a meta-analysis on the basis of 2 types of analysis. A reconstruction of the database of each study to simulate a patient-level meta-analysis was performed. Log rank test of Kaplan-Meier curves was recalculated. Hazard ratio (HR) was calculated using a univariate Cox regression. In addition, we calculated a pooled HR using the fixed-effect inverse variance method. RESULTS: Four propensity score-matched studies and 1 randomized controlled trial met the inclusion criteria. Data of 4686 patients were analyzed. Survival rates for mechanical versus biological valves at 10 and 15 years of follow-up were: 76.78% (95% confidence interval [CI], 74.72%-78.69%) versus 74.09% (95% CI, 71.96%-76.08%), and 61.58% (95% CI, 58.29%-64.69%) versus 58.04% (95% CI, 54.57%-61.35%). Log rank test was statistically significant (P = .012) and the pooled HR was 0.86 (95% CI, 0.76-0.97; P = .01). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with biological aortic valves, mechanical valves are associated with a long-term survival benefit for patients between 50 and 70 years.

18.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 11(11): e006927, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30571207

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The impact of preexisting left bundle branch block (LBBB) in transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) recipients is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of preexisting LBBB on clinical outcomes after TAVR. METHODS AND RESULTS: This multicenter study evaluated 3404 TAVR candidates according to the presence or absence of LBBB on baseline ECG. TAVR complications and causes of death were defined according to Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 definitions. Follow-up outpatient visits or telephone interviews were conducted at 30 days, 12 months, and yearly thereafter. Echocardiography examinations were performed at baseline, at hospital discharge, and at 1-year follow-up. Preexisting LBBB was present in 398 patients (11.7%) and was associated with an increased risk of permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI; 21.1% versus 14.8%; adjusted odds ratio, 1.51; 95% CI, 1.12-2.04) but not death (7.3% versus 5.5%; adjusted odds ratio, 1.33; 95% CI, 0.84-2.12) at 30 days. At a mean follow-up of 22±21 months, there were no differences between patients with and without preexisting LBBB in overall mortality (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.94; 95% CI, 0.75-1.18) and cardiovascular mortality (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.90; 95% CI, 0.68-1.21). In a subanalysis of 2421 patients without PPI at 30 days and with complete follow-up about the PPI, preexisting LBBB was not associated with an increased risk of PPI or sudden cardiac death. Patients with preexisting LBBB had a lower left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) at baseline and at 1-year follow-up ( P <0.001 for both), but those with low LVEF exhibited a similar increase in LVEF over time after TAVR compared with patients with no preexisting LBBB ( P=0.327). CONCLUSIONS: Preexisting LBBB significantly increased the risk of early (but not late) PPI after TAVR, without any significant effect on overall mortality or cardiovascular mortality. Preexisting LBBB was associated with lower LVEF pre-TAVR but did not prevent an increase in LVEF post-TAVR similar to patients without LBBB.


Assuntos
Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Bloqueio de Ramo/terapia , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Bloqueio de Ramo/diagnóstico , Bloqueio de Ramo/mortalidade , Bloqueio de Ramo/fisiopatologia , Canadá/epidemiologia , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/efeitos adversos , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/mortalidade , Ecocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/mortalidade , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Marca-Passo Artificial , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Int J Cardiol ; 2018 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30473334

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Among patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), prognosis is impacted by nutritional status, but the influence of the nutritional risk index (NRI) is unknown. Here we calculated the NRI to determine the prevalence and prognostic impact in terms of mortality of malnutrition in TAVR patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: This retrospective multicenter study included 941 patients who underwent TAVR between 2008 and 2016 (mean age, 80.7 ±â€¯6.5 years; 57% female). The NRI was calculated as 1.519 × albumin (g/L) + 41.7 × (real weight [kg] / ideal weight [kg]). The mean NRI was 98.1 ±â€¯7.0%. The patients were stratified into the following groups based on malnutrition risk: severe (NRI < 83.5; n = 83; 8.82%), moderate (83.5 ≥ NRI < 97.5; n = 370; 39.32%), mild (97.5 ≥ NRI < 100; n = 102; 10.84%), and no risk (NRI ≥ 100; n = 386; 41.02%). During the follow-up period (2.1 ±â€¯1.1 years), 186 patients died, representing 19.8% of the total cohort. Cox regression models were used to analyze the relationship between NRI and mortality during follow-up. Compared to patients with no or mild nutritional risk, those with moderate or severe nutritional risk had a 45% greater risk of mortality during follow-up (adjusted HR, 1.45; 95% CI, 1.05-1.99; P = 0.021). CONCLUSION: Malnutrition is common among TAVR patients. Our present data indicated that the NRI was independently associated with increased risk of death during long-term follow-up after TAVR. Based on its potential to improve risk prediction, NRI appears to be a promising tool for the clinical assessment of patients who are candidates for TAVR.

20.
Eur J Clin Invest ; 48(12): e13027, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30229885

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is a heterogeneous and still not fully understood condition, with diverse genetic aetiology and associated phenotypes ranging from aortic stenosis or regurgitation to aneurysm and dissection. Several genes have been associated with the presence of BAV, notably some members of the GATA family of transcription factors that play important roles in cardiac embryogenesis. METHODS: A case-control study with 122 unrelated and ethnically matched patients with bicuspid and 154 with tricuspid aortic valve was performed. All exons of GATA4, GATA5, and GATA6 genes were sequenced searching for variants. Frequencies were compared and functional effects of rare variants were analysed by informatic prediction tools. RESULTS: Four rare and potentially pathogenic variants were identified in only five sporadic cases: a missense p.Arg202Gln (rs782614097) in GATA5 and three synonymous variants, p.Cys274= (rs55980825) and p.His302= (rs201516339) in GATA4, and p.Asn458= (rs143026087) in GATA6. Minor alleles of p.His302=, p.Arg202Gln and rs3764962 are enriched in BAV patients compared to ExAC database (P = 0.01, 0.03, and 0.01 respectively). In addition, a common polymorphism in GATA5 (p.Asp203=, rs41305803) is associated with BAV showing a protective effect in carriers of the minor allele (OR [95%CI] = 0.45[0.25-0.81]; P = 0.004). CONCLUSION: This study associates additional genetic variants in GATA4 and GATA5 with BAV, supporting the implication of these genes in the development of this valvulopathy. The discovery of all the genetic factors involved will contribute to a better understanding of the process and, therefore, to detect a genetic predisposition and even to the identification of therapeutic targets.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA