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2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33466244

RESUMO

Although some studies showed that lifestyle was associated with oral health behavior, few studies investigated the association between household type and oral health behavior. The aim of this prospective cohort study was to investigate the association between household type, oral health behavior, and periodontal status among Japanese university students. Data were obtained from 377 students who received oral examinations and self-questionnaires in 2016 and 2019. We assessed periodontal status using the percentage of bleeding on probing (%BOP), probing pocket depth, oral hygiene status, oral health behaviors, and related factors. We used structural equation modeling to determine the association between household type, oral health behaviors, gingivitis, and periodontitis. At follow-up, 252 students did not live with their families. The mean ± standard deviation of %BOP was 35.5 ± 24.7 at baseline and 32.1 ± 25.3 at follow-up. In the final model, students living with their families were significantly more likely to receive regular dental checkup than those living alone. Regular checkup affected the decrease in calculus. The decrease in calculus affected the decrease in %BOP over 3 years. Living with family was directly associated with regular dental checkups and indirectly contributed to gingival status among Japanese university students.


Assuntos
Diagnóstico Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Características da Família , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Estudantes , Adolescente , Feminino , Gengivite/epidemiologia , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Saúde Bucal , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
3.
J Clin Periodontol ; 2021 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33484572

RESUMO

AIM: The purpose of this pilot prospective cohort study was to investigate the effects of parafunctional masseter muscle activity on periodontitis progression among patients receiving supporting periodontal therapy (SPT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We collected data of patients treated at Okayama University Hospital from August 2014 to September 2018. The progression group was defined as patients with ≥2 teeth demonstrating a longitudinal loss of proximal attachment of ≥3 mm during the 3-year study period and/or at least one tooth extraction due to periodontitis progression. Surface electromyography of masseter muscles at baseline was continuously recorded while patients were awake and asleep. RESULTS: We analysed 48 patients (36 females) aged 66.8 ± 9.1 years (mean ± SD). The rate of parafunctional masseter muscle activity during waking hours and sleeping hours at baseline was 60.4% and 52.1%, respectively. Cox's proportional hazards regression model showed that the incidence of periodontitis progression was significantly associated with number of teeth present (p = 0.001) and parafunctional masseter muscle activity during waking hours (p = 0.041). CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that parafunctional masseter muscle activity during waking hours is a risk factor for periodontitis progression among patients receiving SPT.

4.
J Oral Sci ; 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33298640

RESUMO

Few prospective studies have reported the effects of periodontal therapy on patients who attempted to quit smoking. This study aimed to assess how smoking cessation affects periodontal therapy. Twenty-five smokers with periodontitis were investigated by dividing them into two groups, a smoking cessation support group and a continued smoking group. Those in the support group received counseling and nicotine replacement therapy, followed by periodontal treatment conducted by dentists who had completed an e-learning course on smoking cessation. Clinical parameters were measured at baseline, 3, and 6 months. Most clinical parameters improved for those in the smoking cessation support group. There were no significant improvements in bleeding on probing (BOP) or the number of severe periodontal disease sites in the continued smoking group. Probing pocket depth (PPD) and clinical attachment levels (CAL) at sites that received scaling and root planing (SRP) significantly improved in all subjects. BOP did not improve at reevaluation in the smoking relapse subgroup. Patients in the smoking cessation support program led by dental professionals showed more improvement in BOP than those in the continued smoking group.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33233610

RESUMO

The long-term effects of secondhand smoke (SHS) on dental caries among Japanese young adults remain unclear. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate whether household exposure to SHS is associated with dental caries in permanent dentition among Japanese young adults. The study sample included 1905 first-year university students (age range: 18-19 years) who answered a questionnaire and participated in oral examinations. The degree of household exposure to SHS was categorized into four levels according to the SHS duration: no experience (-), past, current SHS < 10 years, and current SHS ≥ 10 years. Dental caries are expressed as the total number of decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) score. The relationships between SHS and dental caries were determined by logistic regression analysis. DMFT scores (median (25th percentile, 75th percentile)) were significantly higher in the current SHS ≥ 10 years (median: 1.0 (0.0, 3.0)) than in the SHS-(median: 0.0 (0.0, 2.0)); p = 0.001). DMFT ≥ 1 was significantly associated with SHS ≥ 10 years (adjusted odds ratio: 1.50, 95% confidence interval: 1.20-1.87, p < 0.001). Long-term exposure to SHS (≥10 years) was associated with dental caries in permanent dentition among Japanese young adults.

6.
Exp Ther Med ; 20(3): 2822-2827, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32765778

RESUMO

Salivary peroxidase and myeloperoxidase are known to display antibacterial activity against oral microbes, and previous indications have pointed to the possibility that horseradish peroxidase (HRP) adsorbs onto the membrane of the major oral streptococci, Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sanguinis (S. sanguinis). However, the mechanism of interaction between HRP and the bacterial cell wall component is unclear. Dental plaques containing salivary glycoproteins and extracellular microbial products are visualized with 'dental plaque disclosing agent', and are controlled within dental therapy. However, current 'dental plaque disclosing agents' are difficult to evaluate with just dental plaques, since they stain and disclose not only dental plaques but also pellicle formed with salivary glycoproteins on a tooth surface. In this present study, we have demonstrated that HRP interacted with the cell wall component of the major gram-positive bacterial peptidoglycan, but not the major cell wall component of gram-negative bacteria lipopolysaccharide. Furthermore, we observed that the adsorbed HRP labeled with fluorescence was detected on the major oral gram-positive strains S. sanguinis and Streptococcus salivarius (S. salivarius), but not on a gram-negative strain, Escherichia coli (E. coli). Furthermore, we have demonstrated that the combination of HRP and chromogenic substrate clearly disclosed the dental plaques and the biofilm developed by S. sanguinis, S. salivarius and the major gram-postive bacteria Lactobacillus casei on tooth surfaces, and slightly disclosed the biofilm by E. coli. The combination of HRP and chromogenic substrate did not stain either the dental pellicle with the salivary glycoprotein mucin, or naked tooth surfaces. These results have suggested the possibility that the adsorption activity of HRP not only contributes to the evaluation of dental plaque, but that enzymatic activity of HRP may also contribute to improve dental hygiene.

7.
Acta Odontol Scand ; : 1-6, 2020 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32692586

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between the incidence of early childhood caries (ECC) and factors of the daytime childcare environment among toddlers in a rural area of Japan. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study. Data collected from 2011 to 2015 were obtained for initially caries-free, 18-month-old toddlers (N = 640). Dentists recorded the numbers of decayed, missing and filled teeth (caries incidence) of toddlers at baseline (age 18 months) and follow-up (age 3 years). In addition, a questionnaire survey was conducted on guardians at baseline to record data on lifestyle. RESULTS: In total, 159 (24.8%) toddlers had newly identified ECC at follow-up. Logistic regression analyses indicated that the incidence of ECC was significantly associated with receiving daytime care at a nursery school (odds ratio [OR], 1.55; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.05-2.30; p = .029), prolonged breastfeeding (OR, 1.71; 95%CI, 1.15-2.55; p = .008), and snacking ≥3 times a day (OR, 2.39; 95%CI, 1.53-3.74; p < .001). CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that receiving daytime care at a nursery school, prolonged breastfeeding, and frequent snacking are associated with an increased risk of ECC among Japanese toddlers in rural areas.

8.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0236259, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32702010

RESUMO

The aim of this prospective cohort study was to examine whether oral hygiene knowledge, and the source of that knowledge, affect oral hygiene behavior in university students in Japan. An oral exam and questionnaire survey developed to evaluate oral hygiene knowledge, the source of that knowledge, and oral hygiene behavior, such as the frequency of tooth brushing and regular dental checkups and the use of dental floss, was conducted on university student volunteers. In total, 310 students with poor tooth brushing behavior (frequency of tooth brushing per day [≤ once]), 1,963 who did not use dental floss, and 1,882 who did not receive regular dental checkup during the past year were selected. Among these students, 50, 364, and 343 in each respective category were analyzed in over the 3-year study period (follow-up rates: 16.1%, 18.5%, and 18.2%, respectively). The odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for oral hygiene behavior were calculated based on oral hygiene knowledge and the source of that knowledge using logistic regression models. The results showed that dental clinics were the most common (> 50%) source of oral hygiene knowledge, and that a more frequent use of dental floss was significantly associated with dental clinics being a source of oral hygiene knowledge (OR, 4.11; 95%CI, 1.871-9.029; p < 0.001). In addition, a significant association was seen between dental clinics being a source of oral hygiene knowledge and more frequent regular dental checkups (OR, 13.626; 95%CI, 5.971-31.095; p < 0.001). These findings suggest the existence of a relationship between dental clinics being the most common source of oral hygiene knowledge and improved oral hygiene behavior in Japanese university students.


Assuntos
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Higiene Bucal , Estudantes , Universidades , Adolescente , Estudos de Coortes , Dispositivos para o Cuidado Bucal Domiciliar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Escovação Dentária
9.
Esophagus ; 2020 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32507916

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Prognostic Nutritional Index is useful for predicting surgical risk and overall survival based on preoperative immunological and nutritional status in patients undergoing digestive organ cancer surgery. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between the Prognostic Nutritional Index and dental status in patients with esophageal cancer who underwent esophagectomy. METHODS: This retrospective case-control study included 73 patients who underwent resection of esophageal cancer (69 males, 4 females; age 36-83). General and dental status were evaluated. The Prognostic Nutritional Index was calculated based on the serum albumin concentration and the total lymphocyte count, and subjects were divided into two groups based on index scores: a higher group, characterized by scores ≥ 45 (n = 54); and a lower group, characterized by scores < 45 (n = 19). Univariate analysis and multiple logistic regression analyses were used to compare between groups. RESULTS: Total protein, C-reactive protein, the number of sound and total decayed, missing and filled teeth, and the rate of patients with poor dental occlusal support showed significant differences between the lower and higher Prognostic Nutritional Index groups (p < 0.05). Stepwise logistic regression analysis by backward selection approach showed that low total protein, few sound teeth, and poor status of dental occlusal support were significantly associated with the lower Prognostic Nutritional Index (p = 0.007, 0.042, and 0.009, respectively). CONCLUSION: Dental status, especially dental occlusal support and the number of sound teeth, showed a positive relationship with the Prognostic Nutritional Index in esophageal cancer patients who underwent esophagectomy.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32466124

RESUMO

The purpose of this 3-year prospective cohort study was to explore the relationship between an increase in dental caries and oral microbiome among Japanese university students. We analyzed 487 students who volunteered to receive oral examinations and answer baseline (2013) and follow-up (2016) questionnaires. Of these students, salivary samples were randomly collected from 55 students at follow-up and analyzed using next-generation sequencing. Students were divided into two groups: increased group (Δdecayed, missing, and filled teeth (ΔDMFT) score increased during the 3-year period) and non-increased group (ΔDMFT did not increase). Thirteen phyla, 21 classes, 32 orders, 48 families, 72 genera, and 156 species were identified. Microbial diversity in the increased group (n = 14) was similar to that in the non-increased group (n = 41). Relative abundances of the family Prevotellaceae (p = 0.007) and genera Alloprevotella (p = 0.007) and Dialister (p = 0.039) were enriched in the increased group compared with the non-increased group. Some bacterial taxonomic clades were differentially present between the two groups. These results may contribute to the development of new dental caries prevention strategies, including the development of detection kits and enlightenment activities for these bacteria.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Microbiota , Adolescente , Bactérias , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Boca/microbiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Saliva , Estudantes , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32349308

RESUMO

The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the association between sleep quality and duration, and periodontal disease among a group of young Japanese university students. First-year students (n = 1934) at Okayama University who voluntarily underwent oral health examinations were included in the analysis. Sleep quality and duration were assessed by the Japanese version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Dentists examined Oral Hygiene Index-Simplified (OHI-S), probing pocket depth (PPD), and percentage of sites with bleeding on probing (BOP). Periodontal disease was defined as presence of PPD ≥ 4 mm and BOP ≥ 30%. Overall, 283 (14.6%) students had periodontal disease. Poor sleep quality was observed among 372 (19.2%) students. Mean (± standard deviation) sleep duration was 7.1 ± 1.1 (hours/night). In the logistic regression analysis, periodontal disease was significantly associated with OHI-S (odds ratio [OR]: 2.30, 95% confident interval [CI]: 1.83-2.90; p < 0.001), but not sleep quality (OR: 1.09, 95% CI: 0.79-1.53; p = 0.577) or sleep duration (OR: 0.98, CI: 0.87-1.10; p = 0.717). In conclusion, sleep quality and duration were not associated with periodontal disease among this group of young Japanese university students.


Assuntos
Doenças Periodontais , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , Sono , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças Periodontais/complicações , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/complicações , Estudantes , Universidades
12.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 2020 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32306370

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since oral organs function in the first stage of the swallowing process, it is possible that decline in swallowing function can be partly related to oral frailty. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between swallowing function and oral function among community-dwelling elderly Japanese and to propose cut-off values for screening of decline in swallowing function. METHODS: A total of 188 participants were included in the analysis. The number of present teeth and functioning teeth were counted. Bacteria counts in tongue coat, oral wettability, tongue pressure, oral diadochokinesis (ODK), masticatory ability and bite force were examined. Swallowing function was assessed using the 10-item Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10). Receiver operating characteristic curves were used to determine the cut-off points of each oral function parameter. A logistic regression model was performed to determine the combination of parameters with the highest accuracy for differentiating decline in swallowing function from normal. RESULTS: Subjects with ODK /pa/ sound < 6.2 times/second had higher prevalence of swallowing problems than those with 6.2 times/second or more. EAT-10 scores of one or more were significantly related to older age (≥ 71 years old; odds ratio [OR] 4.321) and reduced ODK /pa/ sound (< 6.2 times/second; OR 2.914). CONCLUSIONS: Among community-dwelling elderly Japanese, those who were suspected of having decline in swallowing function had lower oral function than those who did not, and the cut-off values were 71 years of age and ODK /pa/ sound 6.2 times/s.

13.
In Vivo ; 34(2): 615-622, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32111761

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine the anti-aging effects of coffee intake on oxidative stress in rat periodontal tissue and alveolar bone loss. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male Fischer 344 rats (8 weeks old) were randomized to four groups; the baseline group immediately sacrificed, the control group fed with normal powdered food for 8 weeks, and the experimental groups fed with powdered food containing 0.62% or 1.36% coffee components for 8 weeks. RESULTS: Alveolar bone loss and gingival level of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine were significantly lower in the 1.36% coffee group than in the control group. Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 translocation to the nucleus was significantly higher in the 1.36% coffee group than in the control group. CONCLUSION: Continuous intake of 1.36% coffee could prevent age-related oxidative stress in the periodontal tissue and alveolar bone loss, possibly by up-regulating the Nrf2 signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/metabolismo , Café , Ingestão de Líquidos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Periodonto/efeitos dos fármacos , Periodonto/metabolismo , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Biomarcadores , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Ratos
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32182740

RESUMO

The purpose of this prospective cohort study was to investigate the influence of the salivary microbiome on the worsening of the periodontal health status among Japanese young adults. We assessed the data of systemically healthy and non-smoking young (18-22 years) university students (n = 457) from Okayama University at baseline (2013) and follow-up (2016). The worsening group was defined based on an increase in the percentage of bleeding on probing (%BOP) or an increase in probing pocket depth (PPD) from <4 mm to ≥4 mm. Unstimulated saliva samples were randomly collected from 69 students for microbiome analysis at follow-up. The salivary microbiome was assessed through 16S rRNA metagenomic sequencing. The type of community in the salivary microbiome clustered by statistical analysis and diversity was not significantly associated with the worsening of the periodontal health status in cases of increasing %BOP and PPD (p > 0.05). The prevalence of some species was significantly higher in the worsening group than in the non-worsening group (p < 0.05) in both cases. The worsening of the periodontal health status was associated with some species, but not the type of community and diversity in the salivary microbiome among Japanese young adults.


Assuntos
Nível de Saúde , Microbiota , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Masculino , Índice Periodontal , Estudos Prospectivos , Saliva , Adulto Jovem
15.
Sleep Med ; 68: 57-62, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028227

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Sleep bruxism, a major sleep disorder that causes serious harm to oral health, is considered a multifactorial disease. Sleep bruxism can be induced by smoking, which also adversely affects sleep quality. The objective of present study was to clarify the associations between sleep bruxism, sleep quality, and exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS). METHODS: To assess the prevalence of sleep bruxism, sleep quality, and SHS exposure, we conducted oral examinations and self-report questionnaires on university students in Japan. Sleep bruxism and quality were screened using the Japanese version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the third edition of the International Classification of Sleep Disorders (ICSD-3). The inclusion criteria were adults aged between 18 and 19 years, non-smokers and non-alcohol drinkers. The exclusion criteria was failing to complete the questionnaire in full. RESULTS: We analyzed a total of 1781 Japanese young adults. Young adult females who had been exposed to SHS had worse sleep quality (p = 0.019) than those who had not. Young adult female with worse sleep quality showed a higher prevalence of sleep bruxism (p = 0.034) than those with better sleep quality. Using structural equation modeling, direct associations were identified between SHS exposure and poor sleep quality (standardized coefficients, 0.153; p = 0.008) and between sleep bruxism and poor sleep quality (standardized coefficients, 0.187; p = 0.022) in young adult females. However, no association was found among young adult males. CONCLUSION: SHS exposure is indirectly associated with sleep bruxism through poor sleep quality in Japanese young adult females.

16.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 1402, 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31996751

RESUMO

The aim of this prospective cohort study was to investigate the association between intrauterine fetal growth patterns and periodontal status in pregnant women. Fifty-three pregnant women were recruited. Periodontitis was diagnosed based on probing pocket depth and clinical attachment level. Maternal urinary 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine levels and body mass index were recorded. Ultrasonographic measurements of the biparietal diameter (BPD), abdominal circumference (AC), and femur length (FL) were recorded, and estimated fetal weight (EFW) was calculated. In addition, approximation spline curves of BPD, AC, FL, and EFW were obtained throughout the gestation period. Recorded delivery outcomes were gestational age (GA), birth weight and length, sex, placental weight, and umbilical cord length. Forty-four participants (34.1 ± 4.9 years) were analyzed. Mean neonatal birth weight was 2906.0 ± 544.4 g. On multiple regression analysis, birth weight was related with periodontitis (standardized ß = -0.21, P = 0.001). For EFW and BPD, the curves of the periodontitis group were located lower than those of the non-periodontitis group, with significant differences after 32 weeks and 20 weeks of GA, respectively. In conclusion, periodontal treatment before conception may be recommended and a good periodontal condition in the early stage of pregnancy at the latest is desirable for infant growth.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Fetal/fisiologia , Saúde Materna , Periodontite/fisiopatologia , Complicações na Gravidez/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Peso ao Nascer/fisiologia , Feminino , Feto/diagnóstico por imagem , Feto/fisiologia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Recém-Nascido , Estudos Longitudinais , Índice Periodontal , Periodontite/diagnóstico , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal
17.
Eat Weight Disord ; 25(1): 91-98, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29882038

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this intervention study was to investigate whether intensive health guidance focusing on eating quickly can prevent metabolic syndrome (MetS) more effectively than standard routine guidance in Japanese citizens living in rural areas. METHODS: This controlled, non-randomized, intervention study analyzed 141 participants with MetS at baseline. Participants in the intervention group received health guidance focusing on eating quickly and standard health guidance about MetS in accordance with the guidelines of the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare in Japan, whereas participants in the control group received only standard health guidance about MetS. The primary study outcome was the prevalence of MetS at a 1-year follow-up. RESULTS: At 1-year follow-up, the prevalence of MetS in the intervention group was significantly lower than that in the control group (p = 0.003). The decreases in body weight, body mass index, waist circumference and triglycerides from baseline to 1 year were significantly greater in the intervention group than in the control group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Intensive health guidance focusing on eating quickly is more effective for improving MetS than standard Japanese health guidance alone. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II, Evidence obtained from well-designed controlled trials without randomization. TRIAL REGISTRY NAME, REGISTRATION IDENTIFICATION NUMBER, AND URL FOR THE REGISTRY: UMIN, UMIN000030600, http://www.umin.ac.jp/ctr/index-j.htm.

18.
In Vivo ; 34(1): 117-123, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31882470

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: miRNA molecules have been attracting attention as genetic modifiers between organs. We examined the relationship between serum miRNA and targeted liver mRNA profiles in a periodontitis rat model, and the influence of periodontitis on the liver. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male Wistar rats (n=16, 8 weeks old) were randomly divided into two groups (8 rats each): control and periodontitis (ligature placement for 4 weeks). Serum miRNA and liver mRNA profiles were compared. RESULTS: Periodontal destruction and hepatocyte apoptosis were induced in the periodontitis group. Microarray analysis indicated that 52 serum miRNAs and 33 liver mRNAs were expressed with a >1.5-fold change (FC) and a >2.0-FC (p<0.05), respectively, between the two groups. From the miRNA target genes, 12 genes equivalented to liver mRNAs with a >2.0-FC, among which, Hyou1, Chac1, and Bloc1s3 have apoptotic functions in our model. miRNAs upstream of these 3 mRNAs are miR-3591, miR-181a-2-3p and miR-6321. CONCLUSION: miR-3591, miR-181a-2-3p and miR-6321 induced hepatocyte apoptosis in our periodontitis rat model.


Assuntos
Apoptose/genética , Fígado/patologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Periodontite/genética , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Masculino , Periodontite/patologia , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683872

RESUMO

The assessor-blinded, parallel-design, quasi-randomized study (alternating allocation) aimed to determine the effects of the six-step method on postoperative numbers of oral bacteria, periodontal status, and atrial fibrillation (AF) among inpatients with heart diseases and periodontitis. Seventy inpatients who received preoperative periodontal treatment were quasi-randomly assigned to intervention and control groups at University Hospital. The intervention group received intensive oral hygiene instruction using a six-step method for 15 minutes per week and the control group received routine oral hygiene instruction. Significantly fewer oral bacteria were identified on the tongue at discharge compared with baseline in the intervention than the control group (ANCOVA) (large effect size, p = 0.02). Changes in scores for self-efficacy, plaque scores, probed pocket depth, and bleeding on probing between baseline and discharge were significantly greater in the intervention, than in the control group (p < 0.05). The period of postoperative AF (days) was significantly shorter in the intervention, than in the control group (p = 0.019). In conclusion, oral hygiene instruction using the six-step method decreased the numbers of oral bacteria on the tongue and improved self-efficacy, oral health behaviors, oral hygiene status, periodontal status, and period of postoperative AF among inpatients with periodontitis and heart diseases.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica/normas , Cardiopatias/cirurgia , Pacientes Internados/educação , Higiene Bucal/normas , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Periodontite/terapia , Assistência Perioperatória/normas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice de Placa Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice Periodontal , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Distribuição Aleatória
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31546684

RESUMO

The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the association between the influence of occupational stress and coping style on periodontitis among Japanese workers. The study sample included 738 workers (age range: 19-65 years) at a manufacturing company in Kagawa Prefecture, Japan. To analyze occupational stress and coping style, all participants answered a self-report questionnaire composed of items on their work environment and oral health behavior. Oral examinations were performed by calibrated dentists. Among all workers, 492 (66.7%) workers were diagnosed with periodontitis, and 50 (6.8%) were diagnosed with a high stress-low coping condition. Significant differences (p < 0.05) were observed between the periodontitis and non-periodontitis groups in terms of age, gender, body mass index, smoking status, daily alcohol drinking, monthly overtime work, worker type, and stress-coping style. Logistic regression analysis showed that a high stress-low coping condition was associated with an increased risk of periodontitis (odds ratio: 2.79, 95% confidence interval: 1.05-7.43, p = 0.039). These findings suggest that a high stress-low coping condition is associated with periodontitis among the 19-65 years of age group of Japanese workers.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Ocupacional/complicações , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Periodontite/etiologia , Prevalência , Autorrelato , Adulto Jovem
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