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1.
Am J Hum Genet ; 104(2): 319-330, 2019 02 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30639322

RESUMO

ZMIZ1 is a coactivator of several transcription factors, including p53, the androgen receptor, and NOTCH1. Here, we report 19 subjects with intellectual disability and developmental delay carrying variants in ZMIZ1. The associated features include growth failure, feeding difficulties, microcephaly, facial dysmorphism, and various other congenital malformations. Of these 19, 14 unrelated subjects carried de novo heterozygous single-nucleotide variants (SNVs) or single-base insertions/deletions, 3 siblings harbored a heterozygous single-base insertion, and 2 subjects had a balanced translocation disrupting ZMIZ1 or involving a regulatory region of ZMIZ1. In total, we identified 13 point mutations that affect key protein regions, including a SUMO acceptor site, a central disordered alanine-rich motif, a proline-rich domain, and a transactivation domain. All identified variants were absent from all available exome and genome databases. In vitro, ZMIZ1 showed impaired coactivation of the androgen receptor. In vivo, overexpression of ZMIZ1 mutant alleles in developing mouse brains using in utero electroporation resulted in abnormal pyramidal neuron morphology, polarization, and positioning, underscoring the importance of ZMIZ1 in neural development and supporting mutations in ZMIZ1 as the cause of a rare neurodevelopmental syndrome.


Assuntos
Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/genética , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Mutação Puntual , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Alelos , Animais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Deficiência Intelectual/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Síndrome , Fatores de Transcrição/química , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
2.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 77(11): 1675-1687, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30030262

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present study was to explain why two siblings carrying both the same homozygous pathogenic mutation for the autoinflammatory disease hyper IgD syndrome, show opposite phenotypes, that is, the first being asymptomatic, the second presenting all classical characteristics of the disease. METHODS: Where single omics (mainly exome) analysis fails to identify culprit genes/mutations in human complex diseases, multiomics analyses may provide solutions, although this has been seldom used in a clinical setting. Here we combine exome, transcriptome and proteome analyses to decipher at a molecular level, the phenotypic differences between the two siblings. RESULTS: This multiomics approach led to the identification of a single gene-STAT1-which harboured a rare missense variant and showed a significant overexpression of both mRNA and protein in the symptomatic versus the asymptomatic sister. This variant was shown to be of gain of function nature, involved in an increased activation of the Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription signalling (JAK/STAT) pathway, known to play a critical role in inflammatory diseases and for which specific biotherapies presently exist. Pathway analyses based on information from differentially expressed transcripts and proteins confirmed the central role of STAT1 in the proposed regulatory network leading to an increased inflammatory phenotype in the symptomatic sibling. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates the power of a multiomics approach to uncover potential clinically actionable targets for a personalised therapy. In more general terms, we provide a proteogenomics analysis pipeline that takes advantage of subject-specific genomic and transcriptomic information to improve protein identification and hence advance individualised medicine.

3.
J Clin Invest ; 127(11): 4090-4103, 2017 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28972538

RESUMO

Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) (OMIM #260400) is a rare inherited bone marrow failure syndrome (IBMFS) that is primarily characterized by neutropenia and exocrine pancreatic insufficiency. Seventy-five to ninety percent of patients have compound heterozygous loss-of-function mutations in the Shwachman-Bodian-Diamond syndrome (sbds) gene. Using trio whole-exome sequencing (WES) in an sbds-negative SDS family and candidate gene sequencing in additional SBDS-negative SDS cases or molecularly undiagnosed IBMFS cases, we identified 3 independent patients, each of whom carried a de novo missense variant in srp54 (encoding signal recognition particle 54 kDa). These 3 patients shared congenital neutropenia linked with various other SDS phenotypes. 3D protein modeling revealed that the 3 variants affect highly conserved amino acids within the GTPase domain of the protein that are critical for GTP and receptor binding. Indeed, we observed that the GTPase activity of the mutated proteins was impaired. The level of SRP54 mRNA in the bone marrow was 3.6-fold lower in patients with SRP54-mutations than in healthy controls. Profound reductions in neutrophil counts and chemotaxis as well as a diminished exocrine pancreas size in a SRP54-knockdown zebrafish model faithfully recapitulated the human phenotype. In conclusion, autosomal dominant mutations in SRP54, a key member of the cotranslation protein-targeting pathway, lead to syndromic neutropenia with a Shwachman-Diamond-like phenotype.


Assuntos
Doenças da Medula Óssea/genética , Insuficiência Pancreática Exócrina/genética , Lipomatose/genética , Neutropenia/congênito , Partícula de Reconhecimento de Sinal/genética , Animais , Criança , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Modelos Moleculares , Neutropenia/genética , Pâncreas Exócrino/metabolismo , Fenótipo , Domínios Proteicos , Partícula de Reconhecimento de Sinal/química , Peixe-Zebra
4.
Blood ; 128(15): 1979-1986, 2016 10 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27549307

RESUMO

Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is among the most challenging complications in unrelated donor hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). The highly polymorphic MHC class I chain-related gene A, MICA, encodes a stress-induced glycoprotein expressed primarily on epithelia. MICA interacts with the invariant activating receptor NKG2D, expressed by cytotoxic lymphocytes, and is located in the MHC, next to HLA-B Hence, MICA has the requisite attributes of a bona fide transplantation antigen. Using high-resolution sequence-based genotyping of MICA, we retrospectively analyzed the clinical effect of MICA mismatches in a multicenter cohort of 922 unrelated donor HLA-A, HLA-B, HLA-C, HLA-DRB1, and HLA-DQB1 10/10 allele-matched HCT pairs. Among the 922 pairs, 113 (12.3%) were mismatched in MICA MICA mismatches were significantly associated with an increased incidence of grade III-IV acute GVHD (hazard ratio [HR], 1.83; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.50-2.23; P < .001), chronic GVHD (HR, 1.50; 95% CI, 1.45-1.55; P < .001), and nonelapse mortality (HR, 1.35; 95% CI, 1.24-1.46; P < .001). The increased risk for GVHD was mirrored by a lower risk for relapse (HR, 0.50; 95% CI, 0.43-0.59; P < .001), indicating a possible graft-versus-leukemia effect. In conclusion, when possible, selecting a MICA-matched donor significantly influences key clinical outcomes of HCT in which a marked reduction of GVHD is paramount. The tight linkage disequilibrium between MICA and HLA-B renders identifying a MICA-matched donor readily feasible in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Antígenos HLA/genética , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/genética , Teste de Histocompatibilidade , Desequilíbrio de Ligação , Doença Aguda , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Aloenxertos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/epidemiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/genética , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Subfamília K de Receptores Semelhantes a Lectina de Células NK/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Hum Mol Genet ; 14(23): 3751-7, 2005 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16251197

RESUMO

Activation of the NF-kappaB pathway by the TNF-receptor Edar (Ectodysplasin receptor) and its downstream adaptator Edaradd (Edar-associated death domain) is essential for the development of hair follicles, teeth, exocrine glands and other ectodermal derivatives. Dysfunction of Edar signalling causes hypohidrotic/anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (ED), a disorder characterized by sparse hair, lack of sweat glands and malformation of teeth. The Edar signalling pathway stimulates NF-kappaB transcription factors via an activation of the IkappaB kinase (IKK) complex. To gain further insight into the mechanism of IKK activation by Edar and Edaradd, we performed a yeast two-hybrid screen and isolated TAB2 (TAK1-binding protein 2) as a binding partner of Edaradd. TAB2 is an adaptator protein that brigdes TRAF6 (TNF-receptor-associated factor 6) to TAK1 (TGFbeta-activated kinase 1), allowing TAK1 activation and subsequent IKK activation. Here, we show that endogenous and overexpressed TAB2, TRAF6 and TAK1 co-immunoprecipitated with Edaradd in 293 cells. Moreover, we show that dominant negative forms of TAB2, TRAF6 and TAK1 blocked the NF-kappaB activation induced by Edaradd. These results support the involvement of the TAB2/TRAF6/TAK1 signalling complex in the Edar signal transduction pathway and have important implications for our understanding of NF-kappaB activation and EDs in human.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Displasia Ectodérmica/metabolismo , MAP Quinase Quinase Quinases/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fator 6 Associado a Receptor de TNF/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas Associados a Receptores de Fatores de Necrose Tumoral/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Células Cultivadas , Receptor Edar , Proteína de Domínio de Morte Associada a Edar , Humanos , Quinase I-kappa B/metabolismo , Imunoprecipitação , MAP Quinase Quinase Quinases/genética , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Mutação , Receptores da Ectodisplasina , Receptores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Fator 6 Associado a Receptor de TNF/genética , Técnicas do Sistema de Duplo-Híbrido
7.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 100(7): 3977-82, 2003 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12644711

RESUMO

Proteins with LIM domains have been implicated in transcriptional regulation. The four and half LIM domain (FHL) group of LIM-only proteins is composed of five members, some of which have been shown to have intrinsic activation function. Here we show that FHL2 is the only member of the family whose expression is inducible upon serum stimulation in cultured cells. Induction of FHL2 is coordinated in time with the increased levels of two early-response products, the oncoproteins Fos and Jun. FHL2 associates with both Jun and Fos, in vitro and in vivo. The FHL2-Jun interaction requires the Ser-63-Ser-73 JNK phosphoacceptor sites in c-Jun, but not their phosphorylation. FHL2 powerfully stimulates Fos- and Jun-dependent transcription, thereby acting as an inducible coactivator of AP-1 function. Moreover, we show that intracellular localization of FHL2 is controlled by signaling events and a Crm1-dependent active nuclear export mechanism. Thus, FHL2, as an inducible coactivator of AP-1, coordinately participates with Fos and Jun in the early transcriptional response to serum factors.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , Proteínas Musculares , Proteínas Oncogênicas/genética , Transativadores/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição AP-1/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição , Animais , Células COS , Cercopithecus aethiops , Clonagem Molecular , Glutationa Transferase/genética , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/efeitos da radiação , Humanos , Proteínas com Domínio LIM , Proteínas com Homeodomínio LIM , Fases de Leitura Aberta , Transporte Proteico/efeitos da radiação , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/metabolismo , Transativadores/genética , Transfecção , Raios Ultravioleta
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