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Congenit Heart Dis ; 14(5): 846-853, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489769


OBJECTIVE: A significant body of patients who have undergone Mustard or Senning procedure require lifelong follow up. In this retrospective review, we examined the cohort of such patients currently attending our center. DESIGN: Patients who had undergone either Mustard or Senning procedure were identified. We retrospectively reviewed medical records, recorded demographic information and data regarding the clinical state, NHYA class, cardiopulmonary exercise testing, NT-proBNP measurement, and recent cardiac MRI findings. RESULTS: Forty-six patients were identified, the mean age was 32.2 years (± 6.1 years), 67.4% were male. Thirty-two patients (69.6%) had undergone a Senning procedure. The median length of the follow-up was 32 years. Thirty-two patients (69.6%) were NHYA class 1. The mean VO2max achieved was 24.2 ± 5.8 mL/min/kg. The mean NT-proBNP was 266.4 pg/mL (± 259.9 pg/mL). The mean right ventricular end-diastolic volume (RVEDV) was 212.4 mL ± 73.1 mL (indexed 114.2 mL/m2  ± 34.4 mL/m2 ). The mean right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) was 53.7% ± 7.9%. The mean left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV) was 161.5 mL ± 73.7 mL (indexed 87.8 mL/m2  ± 41.1 mL/m2 ). The mean left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was 59.8% ± 5.7%. There was a significant correlation between right ventricular (RV) size on MRI and NT-proBNP level. CONCLUSIONS: We present a relatively well cohort of patients with overall favorable long-term outcome. The majority of patients are NHYA class 1 and the systemic right ventricular function appears to be well preserved as assessed by MRI. The exercise tolerance is reduced, with the majority of patients achieving around 60% of the estimated VO2max . Regular specialist follow-up and assessment with advanced imaging at regular intervals remain important for this group.

Transposição das Grandes Artérias/métodos , Tolerância ao Exercício/fisiologia , Previsões , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/cirurgia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Função Ventricular Direita/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/diagnóstico , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
Congenit Heart Dis ; 13(3): 440-443, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29468808


OBJECTIVES: Incidence of sickle cell disease (SCD) in Ireland has dramatically increased. Disease survival has also steadily improved however cardiovascular manifestations remain important causes of morbidity. These include reports of left ventricular hypertrabeculation (LVHT)/noncompaction. We sought to investigate the prevalence of LVHT among a large cohort of children with SCD. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of all patients with a diagnosis of SCD who had undergone surveillance echocardiography at Our Lady's Children's Hospital Crumlin (OLCHC) from 1998 to 2015. Demographics, hemoglobin phenotype and treatment information was recorded. LV systolic function, evidence of LVHT, and possible pulmonary arterial hypertension was assessed. RESULTS: Two hundred thirty-six patients had echocardiograms available for interpretation. One hundred twenty-one (51.3%) were female; mean age was 11.3 years (± 4.1 years). Twenty-six patients (11%) had features of LVHT on echocardiography. Eleven patients (4.7%) had borderline features of LVHT. Mean LVEDD across the whole cohort was 4.2 ± 0.69 cm, LVEDD z-score of 1.44 ± 1.9, and mean LVSF was 37.3% ±15.7%. There were no significant differences in terms of age, LVEDD, LVEDD z-score, or LVSF between patients with and those without LVHT. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of LVHT/noncompaction in children with SCD is lower than the adult population and LV systolic function is well preserved throughout our patient group. The mechanism behind the development of LVHT in this population remains speculative. Further work is required in this field. Sickle cell patients require longitudinal evaluation to ascertain changes in left ventricular function and the presence of LVHT/noncompaction.

Anemia Falciforme/epidemiologia , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Miocárdio Ventricular não Compactado Isolado/epidemiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Anemia Falciforme/diagnóstico , Criança , Comorbidade/tendências , Feminino , Humanos , Irlanda/epidemiologia , Miocárdio Ventricular não Compactado Isolado/diagnóstico , Miocárdio Ventricular não Compactado Isolado/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências