Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 71
Filtrar
2.
Mod Pathol ; 2020 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311649

RESUMO

Massively parallel sequencing (MPS) has become a viable diagnostic tool to interrogate genetic profiles of numerous tumors but has yet to be routinely adopted in the setting of lymphoma. Here, we report the empirical application of a targeted 40-gene panel developed for use in mature lymphoid neoplasms (MLNs) and report our experience on over 500 cases submitted for MPS during the first year of its clinical use. MPS was applied to both fresh and fixed specimens. The most frequent diagnoses were diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (116), chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (60), marginal zone lymphoma (52), and follicular lymphoma (43), followed by a spectrum of mature T-cell neoplasms (40). Of 534 cases submitted, 471 generated reportable results in MLNs, with disease-associated variants (DAVs) detected in 241 cases (51.2%). The most frequent DAVs affected TP53 (30%), CREBBP (14%), MYD88 (14%), TNFRSF14 (10%), TNFAIP3 (10%), B2M (7%), and NOTCH2 (7%). The bulk of our findings confirm what is reported in the scientific literature. While a substantial majority of mutations did not directly impact diagnosis, MPS results were utilized to either change, refine, or facilitate the final diagnosis in ~10.8% of cases with DAVs and 5.5% of cases overall. In addition, we identified preanalytic variables that significantly affect assay performance highlighting items for specimen triage. We demonstrate the technical viability and utility of the judicious use of a targeted MPS panel that may help to establish general guidelines for specimen selection and diagnostic application in MLNs in routine clinical practice.

3.
Oncogene ; 39(15): 3041-3055, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32066879

RESUMO

The oncogene epidermal growth factor receptor variant III (EGFRvIII) is frequently expressed in glioblastomas (GBM) but its impact on therapy response is still under controversial debate. Here we wanted to test if EGFRvIII influences the sensitivity towards the alkylating agent temozolomide (TMZ). Therefore, we retrospectively analyzed the survival of 336 GBM patients, demonstrating that under standard treatment, which includes TMZ, EGFRvIII expression is associated with prolonged survival, but only in patients with O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) promoter methylated tumors. Using isogenic GBM cell lines with endogenous EGFRvIII expression we could demonstrate that EGFRvIII increases TMZ sensitivity and results in enhanced numbers of DNA double-strand breaks and a pronounced S/G2-phase arrest after TMZ treatment. We observed a higher expression of DNA mismatch repair (MMR) proteins in EGFRvIII+ cells and patient tumor samples, which was most pronounced for MSH2 and MSH6. EGFRvIII-specific knockdown reduced MMR protein expression thereby increasing TMZ resistance. Subsequent functional kinome profiling revealed an increased activation of p38- and ERK1/2-dependent signaling in EGFRvIII expressing cells, which regulates MMR protein expression downstream of EGFRvIII. In summary, our results demonstrate that the oncoprotein EGFRvIII sensitizes a fraction of GBM to current standard of care treatment through the upregulation of DNA MMR.

4.
Arch Pathol Lab Med ; 144(1): 90-98, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31211614

RESUMO

CONTEXT.­: Next-generation sequencing is a high-throughput method for detecting genetic abnormalities and providing prognostic and therapeutic information for patients with cancer. Oncogenic fusion transcripts are among the various classifications of genetic abnormalities present in tumors and are typically detected clinically with fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). However, FISH probes only exist for a limited number of targets, do not provide any information about fusion partners, cannot be multiplex, and have been shown to be limited in specificity for common targets such as ALK. OBJECTIVE.­: To validate an anchored multiplex polymerase chain reaction-based panel for the detection of fusion transcripts in a university hospital-based clinical molecular diagnostics laboratory. DESIGN.­: We used 109 unique clinical specimens to validate a custom panel targeting 104 exon boundaries from 17 genes involved in fusions in solid tumors. The panel can accept as little as 100 ng of total nucleic acid from PreservCyt-fixed tissue, and formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded specimens with as little as 10% tumor nuclei. RESULTS.­: Using FISH as the gold standard, this assay has a sensitivity of 88.46% and a specificity of 95.83% for the detection of fusion transcripts involving ALK, RET, and ROS1 in lung adenocarcinomas. Using a validated next-generation sequencing assay as the orthogonal gold standard for the detection of EGFR variant III (EGFRvIII) in glioblastomas, the assay is 92.31% sensitive and 100% specific. CONCLUSIONS.­: This multiplexed assay is tumor and fusion partner agnostic and will provide clinical utility in therapy selection for patients with solid tumors.


Assuntos
Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/análise , Análise de Sequência de RNA/métodos , Humanos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Multiplex/métodos , Isoformas de Proteínas/análise
5.
Clin Cancer Res ; 26(2): 397-407, 2020 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666247

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The clinical utility of plasma cell-free DNA (cfDNA) has not been assessed prospectively in patients with glioblastoma (GBM). We aimed to determine the prognostic impact of plasma cfDNA in GBM, as well as its role as a surrogate of tumor burden and substrate for next-generation sequencing (NGS). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We conducted a prospective cohort study of 42 patients with newly diagnosed GBM. Plasma cfDNA was quantified at baseline prior to initial tumor resection and longitudinally during chemoradiotherapy. Plasma cfDNA was assessed for its association with progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS), correlated with radiographic tumor burden, and subjected to a targeted NGS panel. RESULTS: Prior to initial surgery, GBM patients had higher plasma cfDNA concentration than age-matched healthy controls (mean 13.4 vs. 6.7 ng/mL, P < 0.001). Plasma cfDNA concentration was correlated with radiographic tumor burden on patients' first post-radiation magnetic resonance imaging scan (ρ = 0.77, P = 0.003) and tended to rise prior to or concurrently with radiographic tumor progression. Preoperative plasma cfDNA concentration above the mean (>13.4 ng/mL) was associated with inferior PFS (median 4.9 vs. 9.5 months, P = 0.038). Detection of ≥1 somatic mutation in plasma cfDNA occurred in 55% of patients and was associated with nonstatistically significant decreases in PFS (median 6.0 vs. 8.7 months, P = 0.093) and OS (median 5.5 vs. 9.2 months, P = 0.053). CONCLUSIONS: Plasma cfDNA may be an effective prognostic tool and surrogate of tumor burden in newly diagnosed GBM. Detection of somatic alterations in plasma is feasible when samples are obtained prior to initial surgical resection.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , DNA Tumoral Circulante/sangue , DNA Tumoral Circulante/genética , Glioblastoma/diagnóstico , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Mutação , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Glioblastoma/sangue , Glioblastoma/genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Carga Tumoral , Adulto Jovem
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31511844

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Tumor-only genomic profiling (TGP) is increasingly advocated for all patients with cancer given the possible therapeutic implications. It is critical to develop clinical algorithms to identify and address potentially actionable germline findings identified by TGP. METHODS: A multidisciplinary team analyzed publicly available data for genes in which mutations are implicated in germline cancer susceptibility and established a pipeline to automate clinical referral for evaluation of TGP findings. RESULTS: A total of 2,308 patients underwent TGP, with 81 patients (3.5%) identified by the automatic referral pipeline; 37 patients (1.6%) were referred outside the pipeline based on concerns by the molecular geneticist, pathologist, or oncologist regarding genotype-phenotype correlation. Thirty-one patients (38%) and 17 patients (46%) underwent germline testing from the automatic pipeline and other referrals, respectively, and of these patients, 23 (72%) and four (24%) had confirmed germline pathogenic variants (GPVs), respectively. The majority of confirmed GPVs were in automatic referral genes, with BRCA2 being most common (confirmed GPVs in 11 [85%] of 13 patients tested), followed by PALB2 (five [67%] of six patients), BRCA1 (two [40%] of five patients), MSH6 (two of three patients), and MLH1 (two of two patients). Forty-eight percent of confirmed GPVs were found in tumors known to be associated with germline mutations in the gene. Germline testing was not performed in 50 (62%) of 81 patients identified by automatic referral as a result of poor patient health or death (30%), lack of follow-up (30%), and patient refusal (30%). CONCLUSION: Of patients undergoing TGP, 5% had somatic findings triggering referral, and implementation of an automatic referral pipeline based solely on gene versus other clinical or molecular features resulted in a 74% germline confirmation. However, only 41% of referred patients underwent germline testing. Systems-based approaches are needed to identify carriers of actionable germline cancer susceptibility mutations identified by TGP.

8.
J Neurooncol ; 145(2): 321-328, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31542863

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Young adults with isocitrate-dehydrogenase wild-type (IDH-WT) glioblastoma (GBM) represent a rare, understudied population compared to pediatric high-grade glioma, IDH-mutant GBM, or IDH-WT GBM in older patients. We aimed to explore the prognostic impact of epidermal growth factor receptor copy number gain (EGFR CN gain), one of the most common genetic alterations in IDH-WT glioma, in young adults with IDH-WT GBM. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients 18-45 years old with newly diagnosed, IDH-WT GBM whose tumors underwent next-generation sequencing at our institution between 2014 and 2018. The impact of EGFR CN gain on time to tumor progression (TTP) and overall survival (OS) was assessed. A validation cohort of patients 18-45 years old with IDH-WT GBM was analyzed from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). RESULTS: Ten of 28 patients (36%) from our institution had EGFR CN gain, which was associated with shorter TTP (median 6.5 vs. 11.9 months; p = 0.06) and OS (median 16.3 vs. 23.5 months; p = 0.047). The negative prognostic impact of EGFR CN gain on OS persisted in a multivariate model (HR 6.40, 95% CI 1.3-31.0, p = 0.02). In the TCGA cohort (N = 43), EGFR CN gain was associated with shorter TTP and worse OS, although these did not reach statistical significance (TTP, median 11.5 vs. 14.4 months, p = 0.18; OS, median 23.6 vs. 27.8 months; p = 0.18). CONCLUSIONS: EGFR CN gain may be associated with inferior outcomes in young adults with newly diagnosed, IDH-WT GBM, suggesting a potential role for targeting EGFR in this population.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Receptores ErbB/genética , Glioblastoma/diagnóstico , Glioblastoma/genética , Isocitrato Desidrogenase/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
9.
Acad Pathol ; 6: 2374289519848353, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31206012

RESUMO

Molecular profiling of glioblastoma has revealed complex cytogenetic, epigenetic, and molecular abnormalities that are necessary for diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment. Our neuro-oncology group has developed a data-driven, institutional consensus guideline for efficient and optimal workup of glioblastomas based on our routine performance of molecular testing. We describe our institution's testing algorithm, assay development, and genetic findings in glioblastoma, to illustrate current practices and challenges in neuropathology related to molecular and genetic testing. We have found that coordination of test requisition, tissue handling, and incorporation of results into the final pathologic diagnosis by the neuropathologist improve patient care. Here, we present analysis of O6-methylguanine-DNA-methyltransferase promoter methylation and next-generation sequencing results of 189 patients, obtained utilizing our internal processes led by the neuropathology team. Our institutional pathway for neuropathologist-driven molecular testing has streamlined the management of glioblastoma samples for efficient return of results for incorporation of genomic data into the pathological diagnosis and optimal patient care.

12.
Cancer Discov ; 9(8): 1050-1063, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31088841

RESUMO

Gilteritinib is a potent and selective FLT3 kinase inhibitor with single-agent clinical efficacy in relapsed/refractory FLT3-mutated acute myeloid leukemia (AML). In this context, however, gilteritinib is not curative, and response duration is limited by the development of secondary resistance. To evaluate resistance mechanisms, we analyzed baseline and progression samples from patients treated on clinical trials of gilteritinib. Targeted next-generation sequencing at the time of AML progression on gilteritinib identified treatment-emergent mutations that activate RAS/MAPK pathway signaling, most commonly in NRAS or KRAS. Less frequently, secondary FLT3-F691L gatekeeper mutations or BCR-ABL1 fusions were identified at progression. Single-cell targeted DNA sequencing revealed diverse patterns of clonal selection and evolution in response to FLT3 inhibition, including the emergence of RAS mutations in FLT3-mutated subclones, the expansion of alternative wild-type FLT3 subclones, or both patterns simultaneously. These data illustrate dynamic and complex changes in clonal architecture underlying response and resistance to mutation-selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy in AML. SIGNIFICANCE: Comprehensive serial genotyping of AML specimens from patients treated with the selective FLT3 inhibitor gilteritinib demonstrates that complex, heterogeneous patterns of clonal selection and evolution mediate clinical resistance to tyrosine kinase inhibition in FLT3-mutated AML. Our data support the development of combinatorial targeted therapeutic approaches for advanced AML.See related commentary by Wei and Roberts, p. 998.This article is highlighted in the In This Issue feature, p. 983.


Assuntos
Evolução Clonal/genética , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas ras/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Compostos de Anilina/farmacologia , Compostos de Anilina/uso terapêutico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Feminino , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Pirazinas/farmacologia , Pirazinas/uso terapêutico , Análise de Célula Única , Adulto Jovem , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/genética , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/metabolismo
13.
Clin Cancer Res ; 25(14): 4363-4374, 2019 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30914433

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Breast cancers with BRCA1/2 alterations have a relatively high mutational load, suggesting that immune checkpoint blockade may be a potential treatment option. However, the degree of immune cell infiltration varies widely, and molecular features contributing to this variability remain unknown. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We hypothesized that genomic signatures might predict immunogenicity in BRCA1/2 breast cancers. Using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) genomic data, we compared breast cancers with (89) and without (770) either germline or somatic BRCA1/2 alterations. We also studied 35 breast cancers with germline BRCA1/2 mutations from Penn using WES and IHC. RESULTS: We found that homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) scores were negatively associated with expression-based immune indices [cytolytic index (P = 0.04), immune ESTIMATE (P = 0.002), type II IFN signaling (P = 0.002)] despite being associated with a higher mutational/neoantigen burden, in BRCA1/2 mutant breast cancers. Further, absence of allele-specific loss of heterozygosity (LOH negative; P = 0.01) or subclonality (P = 0.003) of germline and somatic BRCA1/2 mutations, respectively, predicted for heightened cytolytic activity. Gene set analysis found that multiple innate and adaptive immune pathways that converge on NF-κB may contribute to this heightened immunogenicity. IHC of Penn breast cancers demonstrated increased CD45+ (P = 0.039) and CD8+ infiltrates (P = 0.037) and increased PDL1 expression (P = 0.012) in HRD-low or LOH-negative cancers. Triple-negative cancers with low HRD had far greater CD8+ T cells (P = 0.0011) and Perforin 1 expression (P = 0.014) compared with hormone receptor-positive HRD-high cancers. CONCLUSIONS: HRD scores and hormone receptor subtype are predictive of immunogenicity in BRCA1/2 breast cancers and may inform the design of optimal immune therapeutic strategies.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Proteína BRCA1/genética , Proteína BRCA2/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Recombinação Homóloga , Antígeno B7-H1/antagonistas & inibidores , Antígeno B7-H1/imunologia , Proteína BRCA1/metabolismo , Proteína BRCA2/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Genômica/métodos , Humanos
15.
Clin Cancer Res ; 25(2): 573-583, 2019 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30181385

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Recurrent internal tandem duplication (ITD) mutations are observed in various cancers including acute myeloid leukemia (AML), where ITD mutations in tyrosine kinase receptor FLT3 are associated with poor prognostic outcomes. Several FLT3 inhibitors (FLT3i) are in clinical trials for high-risk FLT3-ITD-positive AML. However, the variability of survival following FLT3i treatment suggests that the mere presence of FLT3-ITD mutations might not guarantee effective clinical response. Motivated by the heterogeneity of FLT3-ITD mutations, we investigated the effects of FLT3-ITD structural features on the response of AML patients to treatment.Experimental Design: We developed the HeatITup (HEAT diffusion for Internal Tandem dUPlication) algorithm to identify and quantitate ITD structural features including nucleotide composition. Using HeatITup, we studied the impact of ITD structural features on the clinical response to FLT3i and induction chemotherapy in FLT3-ITD-positive AML patients. RESULTS: HeatITup accurately identifies and classifies ITDs into newly defined categories of "typical" or "atypical" based on their nucleotide composition. A typical ITD's insert sequence completely matches the wild-type FLT3, whereas an atypical ITD's insert contains nucleotides exogenous to the wild-type FLT3. Our analysis shows marked divergence between typical and atypical ITD mutation features. Furthermore, our data suggest that AML patients carrying typical FLT3-ITDs benefited significantly more from both FLT3i and induction chemotherapy treatments than patients with atypical FLT3-ITDs. CONCLUSIONS: These results underscore the importance of structural discernment of complex somatic mutations such as ITDs in progressing toward personalized treatment of AML patients, and enable researchers and clinicians to unravel ITD complexity using the provided software.See related commentary by Gallipoli and Huntly, p. 460.


Assuntos
Duplicação Gênica , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Sequências de Repetição em Tandem , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Sequência de Bases , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Feminino , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Prognóstico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/antagonistas & inibidores
17.
Br J Cancer ; 120(1): 54-56, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30478409

RESUMO

EGFRvIII targeted chimeric antigen receptor T (CAR-T) cell therapy has recently been reported for treating glioblastomas (GBMs); however, physiology-based MRI parameters have not been evaluated in this setting. Ten patients underwent multiparametric MRI at baseline, 1, 2 and 3 months after CAR-T therapy. Logistic regression model derived progression probabilities (PP) using imaging parameters were used to assess treatment response. Four lesions from "early surgery" group demonstrated high PP at baseline suggestive of progression, which was confirmed histologically. Out of eight lesions from remaining six patients, three lesions with low PP at baseline remained stable. Two lesions with high PP at baseline were associated with large decreases in PP reflecting treatment response, whereas other two lesions with high PP at baseline continued to demonstrate progression. One patient didn't have baseline data but demonstrated progression on follow-up. Our findings indicate that multiparametric MRI may be helpful in monitoring CAR-T related early therapeutic changes in GBM patients.


Assuntos
Receptores ErbB/imunologia , Glioblastoma/terapia , Imunoterapia Adotiva , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Feminino , Glioblastoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Glioblastoma/imunologia , Glioblastoma/patologia , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/imunologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/imunologia , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/uso terapêutico
18.
JAMA Oncol ; 5(2): 173-180, 2019 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30325992

RESUMO

Importance: The clinical implications of adding plasma-based circulating tumor DNA next-generation sequencing (NGS) to tissue NGS for targetable mutation detection in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have not been formally assessed. Objective: To determine whether plasma NGS testing was associated with improved mutation detection and enhanced delivery of personalized therapy in a real-world clinical setting. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective cohort study enrolled 323 patients with metastatic NSCLC who had plasma testing ordered as part of routine clinical management. Plasma NGS was performed using a 73-gene commercial platform. Patients were enrolled at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania from April 1, 2016, through January 2, 2018. The database was locked for follow-up and analyses on January 2, 2018, with a median follow-up of 7 months (range, 1-21 months). Main Outcomes and Measures: The number of patients with targetable alterations detected with plasma and tissue NGS; the association between the allele fractions (AFs) of mutations detected in tissue and plasma; and the association of response rate with the plasma AF of the targeted mutations. Results: Among the 323 patients with NSCLC (60.1% female; median age, 65 years [range, 33-93 years]), therapeutically targetable mutations were detected in EGFR, ALK, MET, BRCA1, ROS1, RET, ERBB2, or BRAF for 113 (35.0%) overall. Ninety-four patients (29.1%) had plasma testing only at the discretion of the treating physician or patient preference. Among the 94 patients with plasma testing alone, 31 (33.0%) had a therapeutically targetable mutation detected, thus obviating the need for an invasive biopsy. Among the remaining 229 patients who had concurrent plasma and tissue NGS or were unable to have tissue NGS, a therapeutically targetable mutation was detected in tissue alone for 47 patients (20.5%), whereas the addition of plasma testing increased this number to 82 (35.8%). Thirty-six of 42 patients (85.7%) who received a targeted therapy based on the plasma result achieved a complete or a partial response or stable disease. The plasma-based targeted mutation AF had no correlation with depth of Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors response (r = -0.121; P = .45). Conclusions and Relevance: Integration of plasma NGS testing into the routine management of stage IV NSCLC demonstrates a marked increase of the detection of therapeutically targetable mutations and improved delivery of molecularly guided therapy.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Mutação , Medicina de Precisão , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/sangue , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Seleção de Pacientes , Fenótipo , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos
19.
Cancer Genet ; 228-229: 55-63, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30553474

RESUMO

One caveat of next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based clinical oncology testing is the high amount of input DNA required. We sought to develop a focused NGS panel that could capture hotspot regions in relevant genes requiring 0.5-10 ng input DNA. The resulting Penn Precision Panel (PPP) targeted 20 genes containing clinically significant variants relevant to many cancers. One hundred twenty-three samples were analyzed, including 83 solid tumor specimens derived from FFPE. Various input quantities of DNA (0.5-10 ng) were amplified with content-specific PCR primer pools, then sequenced on a MiSeq instrument (Illumina, Inc.) via paired-end, 2 × 186 base pair reads to an average read depth of greater than 6500x. Variants were detected using an in-house analysis pipeline. Clinical sensitivity and specificity were assessed using results from our previously validated solid tumor NGS panel; sensitivity of the PPP is 96.75% (387/400 variants) and specificity is 99.9% (8427/8428 base pairs). Variant allele frequencies (VAFs) are highly concordant across both assays (r = 0.98 p < 0.0001). The PPP is a robust, clinically validated test optimized for low-yield solid tumor specimens, capturing a high percentage of clinically relevant variants found by larger commercially available NGS panels while using only 0.5-10 ng of input DNA.


Assuntos
DNA de Neoplasias/genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , DNA de Neoplasias/análise , Humanos , Limite de Detecção
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...