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1.
Clin Dysmorphol ; 28(4): 205-210, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31425298

RESUMO

Gonadal mosaicism has been reported in a variety of dominant or X-linked conditions and should be considered in all cases of apparent de-novo variation. Recently, some cases of supposed parental germline mosaicism have been shown to result from low-level somatic mosaicism. In most of the cases, mosaicism has been reported for pathogenic single nucleotide variants with only a few cases of copy number variation mosaicism described so far. Herein, we present the first case of parental somatic and gonadal copy number variation mosaicism in the SATB2 gene. We report three brothers presenting with the SATB2-associated syndrome. They all carry the same 121-kb heterozygous intragenic deletion of SATB2. Parental somatic mosaicism was detected by array-comparative genomic hybridization on a maternal blood sample and confirmed by Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis on blood and buccal cells. This clinical report highlights the importance of investigating for parental somatic mosaicism to estimate the proper recurrence risk for subsequent pregnancy.

3.
Am J Hum Genet ; 104(2): 213-228, 2019 02 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30639323

RESUMO

Primary defects in lung branching morphogenesis, resulting in neonatal lethal pulmonary hypoplasias, are incompletely understood. To elucidate the pathogenetics of human lung development, we studied a unique collection of samples obtained from deceased individuals with clinically and histopathologically diagnosed interstitial neonatal lung disorders: acinar dysplasia (n = 14), congenital alveolar dysplasia (n = 2), and other lethal lung hypoplasias (n = 10). We identified rare heterozygous copy-number variant deletions or single-nucleotide variants (SNVs) involving TBX4 (n = 8 and n = 2, respectively) or FGF10 (n = 2 and n = 2, respectively) in 16/26 (61%) individuals. In addition to TBX4, the overlapping ∼2 Mb recurrent and nonrecurrent deletions at 17q23.1q23.2 identified in seven individuals with lung hypoplasia also remove a lung-specific enhancer region. Individuals with coding variants involving either TBX4 or FGF10 also harbored at least one non-coding SNV in the predicted lung-specific enhancer region, which was absent in 13 control individuals with the overlapping deletions but without any structural lung anomalies. The occurrence of rare coding variants involving TBX4 or FGF10 with the putative hypomorphic non-coding SNVs implies a complex compound inheritance of these pulmonary hypoplasias. Moreover, they support the importance of TBX4-FGF10-FGFR2 epithelial-mesenchymal signaling in human lung organogenesis and help to explain the histopathological continuum observed in these rare lethal developmental disorders of the lung.

4.
J Med Case Rep ; 12(1): 79, 2018 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29549886

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorders are serious neurodevelopmental disorders that affect approximately 1% of the population. These disorders are substantially influenced by genetics. Several recent linkage analyses have examined copy number variations associated with autism risk. Microdeletion of the 2q13 region is considered a pathogenic copy number variation. This microdeletion is involved in developmental delays, congenital heart defects, dysmorphism, and various psychiatric disorders, including autism spectrum disorders. There are only 34 reported cases with this chromosomal deletion, and five cases of autism spectrum disorders have been identified among them. The autistic phenotype associated with this microdeletion has never been described. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the case of a 44-month-old Caucasian girl with the 2q13 microdeletion and autism spectrum disorders with global development delay but no associated organ anomalies. We examined the autistic phenotype using different workups and observed an atypical phenotype defined by relatively preserved relational competency and imitation abilities. CONCLUSIONS: The main contribution of this case report is the precise description of the autistic phenotype in the case of this deletion. We observed some atypical clinical features that could be markers of this genetic anomaly. We have discussed the pathophysiology of autism associated with this microdeletion and its incomplete penetrance and variable expressivity.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/genética , Deleção Cromossômica , Fenótipo , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos
5.
Eur J Hum Genet ; 26(1): 143-148, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29187737

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: A large number of genes involved in autosomal recessive forms of intellectual disability (ID) were identified over the past few years through whole-exome sequencing (WES) or whole-genome sequencing in consanguineous families. Disease-associated variants in TRAPPC9 were reported in eight multiplex consanguineous sibships from different ethnic backgrounds, and led to the delineation of the phenotype. Affected patients have microcephaly, obesity, normal motor development, severe ID, and language impairment and brain anomalies. PATIENTS: We report six new patients recruited through a national collaborative network. RESULTS: In the two patients heterozygous for a copy-number variation (CNV), the phenotype was clinically relevant with regard to the literature, which prompted to sequence the second allele, leading to identification of disease-associated variants in both. The third patient was homozygote for an intragenic TRAPPC9 CNV. The phenotype of the patients reported was concordant with the literature. Recent reports emphasized the role of CNVs in the etiology of rare recessive disorders. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that CNVs significantly contribute to the mutational spectrum of TRAPPC9 gene, and also confirms the interest of combining WES with CNV analysis to provide a molecular diagnosis to patients with rare Mendelian disorders.

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