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1.
Autoimmun Rev ; : 102757, 2021 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33476815

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: despite the absence of specific guidelines, the treatment with intravenous immunoglobulins (IvIg) is considered effective in patients with refractory idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM). The aim of our study is to evaluate the effectiveness and the safety of IvIg and define the possible profile of IIM patients candidate to IvIg treatment. METHODS: we performed a retrospective study of IIM pts. treated with IvIg (2 g/kg/month). We collected demographic, epidemiological, laboratory and clinical data. Additionally, to evaluate the toxicity, the adverse events occurred during the treatment were collected. RESULTS: 123 patients with IIM were included in the study. The main indications for the prescription of IvIg were muscle (83.7% of patients) and esophageal involvement (45.5% of patients). IvIg were started mainly for refractory disease. At the end of treatment (mean duration 14 months), muscular necrosis enzymes decreased significantly and dysphagia VAS decreased significantly (p < 0.001), while MMT value increased (104.6 ± 24.2 vs. 127.0 ± 22.2 p < 0.001). Ninety-six pts. (78%) responded to IvIg. They had a shorter disease duration (p < 0.001), higher creatine kinase levels (p < 0.001), and higher prevalence of myalgias at the baseline (p = 0.023) compared to non-responders. The presence of Raynaud's phenomenon (p = 0.023-odds ratio 0.28 [0.11-0.72]) and skin involvement (p = 0.004, odds ratio 0.18 [0.06-0.55]), were associated to a worse response. Adverse events were mostly mild and transitory. CONCLUSIONS: Despite their high cost, IvIg confirmed their effectiveness in refractory IIM pts., particularly in muscular and esophageal manifestations. Specific clinical characteristics at the baseline may identify the patients with higher probability of response to the treatment.

2.
PLoS One ; 16(1): e0245274, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33439910

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence and clinical presentation of SARS-CoV-2 infections in a Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) cohort; to assess correlations with disease characteristics and rheumatic therapy; and to evaluate the occurrence of treatment discontinuation and its impact on disease activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: SLE patients monitored by a single Italian centre were interviewed between February and July 2020. Patients were considered to be positive for SARS-CoV-2 infections in case of 1) positive nasopharyngeal swab; 2) positive serology associated with COVID19 suggesting symptoms. The following data were also recorded: clinical symptoms, adoption of social distancing measures, disease activity and treatment discontinuation. RESULTS: 332 patients were enrolled in the study. Six patients (1.8%) tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 infection, with the incidence being significantly higher in the subgroup of patients treated with biological Disease-Modifying Anti-Rheumatic Drugs (p = 0.005), while no difference was observed for other therapies, age at enrollment, disease duration, type of cumulative organ involvement or adoption of social isolation. The course of the disease was mild. Thirty-six patients (11.1%) discontinued at least part of their therapy during this time period, and 27 (8.1%) cases of disease flare were recorded. Correlation between flare and discontinuation of therapy was statistically significant (p<0.001). No significant increase of rate of flare in a subgroup of the same patients during 2020 was observed. CONCLUSION: Treatment discontinuation seems to be an important cause of disease flare. Our findings suggest that abrupt drug withdrawal should be avoided or evaluated with caution on the basis of individual infection risk and comorbidities.


Assuntos
/complicações , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição de Risco
3.
Lupus ; : 961203320984230, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33413007

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to describe the disease path and the very long-term outcome in a monocentric cohort of patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: SLE patients with a disease duration of at least 15 years from diagnosis were enrolled. The number of hospitalizations, the disease flares occurred over the disease course and the organ damage accumulation were evaluated at 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 10 years from diagnosis and at last observation in 2019 as well. Disease state, ongoing therapies and quality of life measures were also assessed at last visit. RESULTS: 126 Caucasian SLE patients were included in the analysis (95% female, median age 47.5 IQR 41-53, median disease duration 21 IQR19-26). At last visit, the majority of the patients (78.6%) was on LLDAS (remission included), 53.4% were on GC treatment and 35.7% on immunosuppressant. Furthermore, 53.2% had at least one organ damage. The majority of patients (66.7%) presented a relapsing-remitting course, for a total of 158 flares during the disease course (incidence rate: 0.79/patient-year); moreover, 84.9% of the cohort experienced at least one hospital admission, amounting to a total of 328 hospitalizations (incidence rate: 0.85/patient-year). The main reason for admission was disease activity, while the percentage of hospitalizations due to other causes has been growing over the 10 years of follow-up. CONCLUSION: after a very long period of disease, most of the patients with SLE are in remission and are not taking GC therapy; however, the risk of incurring in disease flare remains a real problem.

4.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 59(Supplement_5): v63-v68, 2020 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33280017

RESUMO

A few decades ago, the therapy goal of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) was survival and the prevention of organ failure. Today, clinical remission and low disease activity are believed to be the optimal therapeutic targets. These aims are difficult to reach for many patients, but they still do not address the health-related quality of life (QoL) that is significantly impaired in SLE patients. Even in the state of remission, QoL and fatigue are insufficient controlled. Thus, patient-oriented research is essential to design new strategies for the management of lupus patients. The INTEGRATE project analyses the patients' and physicians' perspectives to pave the way to design an innovative therapeutic strategy for lupus and focuses on the multifaceted dimensions of the disease burden. Shared decision making (SDM) could include the patient's perspective of SLE to treatment strategy and consider QoL and the burden of lupus into the process of therapy decision.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33374003

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Serum anti-dsDNA and anti-nucleosome IgGs have been proposed as signatures for SLE and LN in limited numbers of patients. We sought to show higher sensitivity and specificity of the same antibodies with the IgG2 isotype and included IgG2 antibodies vs specific intracellular antigens in the analysis. METHODS: A total of 1052 SLE patients with (n = 479) and without (n = 573) LN, recruited at different times from the beginning of symptoms, were included in the study. Patients with primary APS (PAPS, n = 24), RA (RA, n = 24) and UCTD (UCTD, n = 96) were analysed for comparison. Anti-nucleosome (dsDNA, Histone2A, Histone3), anti-intracellular antigens (ENO1), anti-annexin A1 and anti-C1q IgG2 were determined by non-commercial techniques. RESULTS: The presence in the serum of the IgG2 panel was highly discriminatory for SLE/LN vs healthy subjects. Serum levels of anti-dsDNA and anti-C1q IgG2 were more sensitive than those of IgGs (Farr radioimmunoassay/commercial assays) in identifying SLE patients at low-medium increments. Of more importance, serum positivity for anti-ENO1 and anti-H2A IgG2 discriminated between LN and SLE (ROC T0-12 months), and high levels at T0-1 month were detected in 63% and 67%, respectively, of LN, vs 3% and 3%, respectively, of SLE patients; serum positivity for each of these was correlated with high SLEDAI values. Minor differences existed between LN/SLE and the other rheumatologic conditions. CONCLUSION: Nephritogenic IgG2 antibodies represent a specific signature of SLE/LN, with a few overlaps with other rheumatologic conditions. High levels of anti-ENO1 and anti-H2A IgG2 correlated with SLE activity indexes and were discriminatory between SLE patients limited to the renal complication and other SLE patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The Zeus study was registered at https://clinicaltrials.gov, NCT02403115.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33351137

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Circulating anti-ENO1 and anti-H2A IgG2 have been identified as specific signatures of LN in a cross-over approach. We sought to show whether the same antibodies identify selected population of patients with LN with potentially different clinical outcomes. METHODS: Here we report the prospective analysis over 36 months of circulating IgG2 levels in patients with newly diagnosed LN (n=91) and SLE (n=31) and in other patients with SLE recruited within 2 years from diagnosis (n=99). Anti-podocyte (ENO1), anti-nucleosome (DNA, histone 2 A, histone 3) and anti-circulating proteins (C1q, AnnexinA1-ANXA1) IgG2 antibodies were determined by home-made techniques. RESULTS: LN patients were the main focus of the study. Anti-ENO1, anti-H2A and anti-ANXA1 IgG2 decreased in parallel to proteinuria and normalized within 12 months in the majority of patients while anti-dsDNA IgG2 remained high over the 36 months. Anti-ENO1 and anti-H2A had the highest association with proteinuria (Heat Map) and identified the highest number of patients with high proteinuria (68% and 71% respectively) and/or with reduced estimated glomerula filtration rate (eGFR) (58% for both antibodies) compared with 23% and 17% of anti-dsDNA (agreement analysis). Anti-ENO1 positive LN patients had higher proteinuria than negative patients at T0 and presented the maximal decrement within 12 months. CONCLUSIONS: Anti-ENO1, anti-H2A and anti-ANXA1 antibodies were associated with high proteinuria in LN patients and Anti-ENO1 also presented the maximal reduction within 12 months that paralleled the decrease of proteinuria. Anti-dsDNA were not associated with renal outcome parameters. New IgG2 antibody signatures should be utilized as tracers of personalized therapies in LN. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The Zeus study was registered at https://clinicaltrials.gov (study number: NCT02403115).

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33238523

RESUMO

The unexpected outbreak of the COVID-19 disease had significant and enormous repercussions on the healthcare systems, such as the need to reorganise healthcare organisations in order to concentrate resources needed to the care of COVID-19 patients and to respond in general to this health emergency. Due to these challenges, the care of several chronic conditions was in many cases discontinued and patients and healthcare professionals treating these conditions had to cope with this new scenario. This was the case of the world rare diseases (RDs) that had to face this global emergency despite the vulnerability of people with RDs and the well-known need for high expertise required to treat and manage them. The numerous lessons learned so far regarding health emergencies and RDs should represent the basis for the establishment of new healthcare policies and plans aimed at ensuring the preparedness of our health systems in providing appropriate care to people living with RDs in the case of eventual new emergencies. This paper aims at providing pragmatic considerations that might be useful in designing future actions to create or optimise existing organisational models for the care of RDs in case of future emergencies or any other situation that might threaten the provision of routine care. These policies and plans should benefit from the multi-stakeholder RDs networks (such as the European Reference Networks), that should join forces at European, national, and local levels to minimise the economic, organisational, and health-related impact and the negative effects of potential emergencies on the RDs community. In order to design and develop these policies and plans, a decalogue of points to consider were developed to ensure appropriate care for people living with RDs in the case of eventual future health emergencies.

9.
J Rheumatol ; 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33060305

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To use bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (BIVA) in a cohort of systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients in order to assess their nutritional status in comparison to other groups of patients and to find any correlation with clinical characteristics and outcome of the disease. METHODS: We retrospectively collected data from 50 SSc patients who underwent BIVA for clinical suspicion of malnutrition, and compared them with patients affected by other chronic autoimmune rheumatic diseases (OCAD, n.27) or only symptomatic (n.15), and with 50 healthy controls (HC). RESULTS: SSc patients presented significantly lower values of phase angle (PhA), basal metabolic rate (BMR), body cellular mass (BCM) and an increase in extracellular water (ECW) (p<0.01 for all) than HC, unlike body mass index (BMI). No significant differences were found between SSc and OCAD. Among SSc patients, age directly correlated with ECW (ρ=0.342; p=0.015) and inversely with PhA (ρ=-0.366; p=0.009). Female sex, anaemia, hypoalbuminemia, reflux and early satiety/abdominal distension associated with relevant alterations in BIVA results. BIVA parameters were significantly different when cardiopulmonary and microvascular involvement was present. Four patients died during the study: they had significantly (p≤0.01) lower PhA, BMR and BCM, with an increased ECW. CONCLUSION: BIVA, unlike BMI, allowed an accurate characterization of SSc patients at risk of malnutrition, correlating with serological malnutrition markers, with SSc-specific organ manifestations (cardiopulmonary involvement and microvascular damage) and with mortality. BIVA parameters might represent a surrogate marker of damage accrual that leads to malnutrition, thus playing a leading role in the prognostic stratification of SSc patients.

10.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 22(1): 241, 2020 10 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33054823

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Remission or the lowest possible disease activity is the main target in the management of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Anyway, conflicting data are present in the literature regarding the correlation between physician-driven definitions and patient perception of the disease. The objective of this study is to evaluate the relationship between the definition of lupus low disease activity state (LLDAS) and patient's health-related quality of life (HRQoL). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, monocentric study. Adult SLE patients were included. For each patient, demographics, disease duration, medications, comorbidities, organ damage, active disease manifestations and SELENA-SLEDAI were assessed. Patients have been categorised as follows: LLDAS, remission and active disease. Each patient completed the following patient-reported outcomes (PROs): SF-36, LIT, FACIT-Fatigue and SLAQ. A SLAQ score < 6 (25° percentile of our cohort) was used as the cut-off value to define a low disease activity state according to patient self-evaluation. RESULTS: We enrolled 259 consecutive SLE patients (mainly female and Caucasian, mean age 45.33 ± 13.14 years, median disease duration 14 years). 80.3% were in LLDAS, of whom 82.2% were in remission; 19.7% were active. No differences emerged for any of the PROs used between the LLDAS and the active group. Considering the LLDAS subgroup, we identified 56 patients with a subjective low disease activity (SLAQ < 6) and we defined them as "concordant"; the remaining 152 patients in LLDAS presented a subjective active disease (SLAQ ≥ 6) and were defined "discordant". Discordant patients presented more frequently ongoing and past joint involvement (p < 0.05) and a diagnosis of fibromyalgia (p < 0.01); furthermore, they were more likely to be on glucocorticoid therapy (p < 0.01). Discordant patients showed a significantly poorer HRQoL, assessed by all PROs (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Joint involvement, glucocorticoid therapy and comorbid fibromyalgia resulted to be the most important variables determining the poor concordance between patient and physician perspective on the disease.

11.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 38 Suppl 126(4): 210-215, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33095145

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Ultra-high frequency ultrasonography (UHFUS) has been recently introduced in oral medicine due to its ability to image small anatomical structures including labial salivary glands (LSG). To date no ultrasonography morphological studies of labial salivary glands (LSG) have been carried out in SS. In this pilot study we aimed at analysing the distribution of UHFUS findings in LSG of patients with suspected SS, focusing in particular on the association with patients' oral dysfunction, antibody profiles and histopathology. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing a LSG biopsy for clinically suspected SS were included in this study between January 2018 and January 2020. Intraoral UHFUS scan of the lip mucosa was performed with Vevo MD equipment, using a 70 MHz probe with a standardised protocol. LSG were assessed by using a four-grade semiquantitative scoring system (0-3), similar to the OMERACT scoring system used for major salivary glands. The distribution of UHFUS grades was compared in patients stratified according their final diagnosis, patients antibody profiles and LSG histopathology. RESULTS: We included 128 patients with suspected SS: out of them, 54 (42.2%) received a final diagnosis of SS, made according to the ACR 2016 criteria and 74 (57.8%) were diagnosed as no-SS sicca controls. We found that LSG inhomogeneity was significantly greater in patients with SS than in no-SS subjects (p<0.0001). We also found that higher UHFUS pattern of inhomogeneity (i.e. grade 2 and 3) were significantly more frequent in both SSA+/SSB- and SSA+/SSB+ patients (p=0.001). A normal UHFUS pattern, by contrast, was significantly more common in SSA-/SSB- subjects (i.e. 15/83 (18.1%) vs. 1/33 (3%) vs. 0/12 (0%), p=0.001). Finally, LSG inhomogeneity was significantly associated with both the number of foci (p<0.001) and focus score (p<0.001). Particularly, we found that both the number of foci and the FS were significantly higher in patients presenting a UHFUS grading of 2 and 3 with respect to those presenting a UHFUS grading of 0 and 1 (p=0.01). CONCLUSIONS: This preliminary study demonstrates the optimal feasibility of UHFUS and its high sensitivity in identifying negative patients on subsequent lip biopsy, thus avoiding invasive procedures in selected cases. Further studies are in progress to define the clinical and predictive role of the various patterns observed and their added value with respect to traditional salivary gland ultrasonography.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Sjogren , Humanos , Lábio/diagnóstico por imagem , Projetos Piloto , Glândulas Salivares Menores/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome de Sjogren/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia
12.
RMD Open ; 6(2): 0, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32868449

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The European Reference Network (ERN) ReCONNET is the ERN aimed at improving the management of rare and complex connective tissue and musculoskeletal diseases (rCTDs) across the European Union (EU). In the mission of ERN ReCONNET, clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) play a crucial role, representing a valid tool towards the harmonisation of the management of rCTDs while improving effectiveness and quality of care delivered to patients. METHODS: ERN ReCONNET developed two surveys to map the adherence to rCTDs CPGs among healthcare providers and to assess the knowledge and awareness of CPGs for their diseases among patients, family members and caregivers. RESULTS: The results of the surveys highlighted that healthcare professionals find it useful to apply CPGs in clinical practice (93%), while 62% of them experience difficulties and barriers in the application in their centres. Healthcare professionals also highlighted the need to develop CPGs for all rCTDs and to implement the use of the existing CPGs in clinical practice. On the other hand, patients, families and caregivers are relatively aware of the purpose of CPGs (51%) and 62% of them were aware of the existence of CPGs for their disease. Patient-friendly versions of CPGs and patients' lifestyle guidelines should be systematically developed contributing to the empowerment of patients in the disease management. CONCLUSION: ERN ReCONNET is addressing the main issues identified in the results of the survey, promoting practical actions for the local adaptation of CPGs across Europe, improving their routine clinical use and increasing the awareness on CPGs among rCTDs patients, family members and caregivers.

13.
Int Wound J ; 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32926570

RESUMO

Digital ulcers (DUs) represent one of the major burdens for patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc), especially when associated with skin calcinosis (SC). The aim of this work is to evaluate the impact of SC in DUs of patients with SSc for clinical characteristics and prognosis assessed by the wound bed score (WBS). We prospectively enrolled 55 patients with DUs and SSc followed in our dedicated wound care clinic. For all the patients we collected clinical and anthropometric data and characteristics of the DU, and we calculated the WBS for each DU. Ninety-nine DUs were evaluated (24 with SC). SC was prevalent in limited cutaneous SSc (75%) and in patients with longer disease duration (P = 0.02). SC-DUs were prevalent at the fingertip (P = 0.04). The healing time was significantly higher in patients with SC (10.4 ± 7.9 weeks) compared with non-SC (7.0 ± 5.7 weeks) P = 0.03. The WBS negatively correlated with the time to achieve complete healing (r = -0.237 P = 0.023) and the correlation was maintained in the non-SC (r = -0.46, P = 0.033). DUs in SSc patients with SC are common and difficult to heal. When DUs are treated in dedicated centres, the prognosis is good. The WBS is fast and easy and maybe commonly applied in clinical practice.

14.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(10): 1333-1339, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32816709

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR)/American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 2019 Classification Criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have been validated with high sensitivity and specificity. We evaluated the performance of the new criteria with regard to disease duration, sex and race/ethnicity, and compared its performance against the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC) 2012 and ACR 1982/1997 criteria. METHODS: Twenty-one SLE centres from 16 countries submitted SLE cases and mimicking controls to form the validation cohort. The sensitivity and specificity of the EULAR/ACR 2019, SLICC 2012 and ACR 1982/1997 criteria were evaluated. RESULTS: The cohort consisted of female (n=1098), male (n=172), Asian (n=118), black (n=68), Hispanic (n=124) and white (n=941) patients; with an SLE duration of 1 to <3 years (n=196) and ≥5 years (n=879). Among patients with 1 to <3 years disease duration, the EULAR/ACR criteria had better sensitivity than the ACR criteria (97% vs 81%). The EULAR/ACR criteria performed well in men (sensitivity 93%, specificity 96%) and women (sensitivity 97%, specificity 94%). Among women, the EULAR/ACR criteria had better sensitivity than the ACR criteria (97% vs 83%) and better specificity than the SLICC criteria (94% vs 82%). Among white patients, the EULAR/ACR criteria had better sensitivity than the ACR criteria (95% vs 83%) and better specificity than the SLICC criteria (94% vs 83%). The EULAR/ACR criteria performed well among black patients (sensitivity of 98%, specificity 100%), and had better sensitivity than the ACR criteria among Hispanic patients (100% vs 86%) and Asian patients (97% vs 77%). CONCLUSIONS: The EULAR/ACR 2019 criteria perform well among patients with early disease, men, women, white, black, Hispanic and Asian patients. These criteria have superior sensitivity than the ACR criteria and/or superior specificity than the SLICC criteria across many subgroups.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/classificação , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Seleção de Pacientes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32731600

RESUMO

Twitter is increasingly used by individuals and organizations to broadcast their feelings and practices, providing access to samples of spontaneously expressed opinions on all sorts of themes. Social media offers an additional source of data to unlock information supporting new insights disclosures, particularly for public health purposes. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a complex, systemic autoimmune disease that remains a major challenge in therapeutic diagnostic and treatment management. When supporting patients with such a complex disease, sharing information through social media can play an important role in creating better healthcare services. This study explores the nature of topics posted by users and organizations on Twitter during world Lupus day to extract latent topics that occur in tweet texts and to identify what information is most commonly discussed among users. We identified online influencers and opinion leaders who discussed different topics. During this analysis, we found two different types of influencers that employed different narratives about the communities they belong to. Therefore, this study identifies hidden information for healthcare decision-makers and provides a detailed model of the implications for healthcare organizations to detect, understand, and define hidden content behind large collections of text.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Mídias Sociais , Humanos , Saúde Pública
17.
Nutrients ; 12(8)2020 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32784614

RESUMO

A low-FODMAP (fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols) diet (LFD) is a possible therapy for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). This study investigates the short- and long-term efficacy and nutritional adequacy of an LFD and the patients' long-term acceptability. Patients' adherence and ability to perceive the "trigger" foods were also evaluated. Seventy-three IBS patients were given an LFD (T0) and after 2 months (T1), 68 started the reintroduction phase. At the end of this period (T2), 59 were advised to go on an Adapted Low-FODMAP Diet (AdLFD) and 41 were evaluated again after a 6-24 month follow-up (T3). At each time, questionnaires and Biolectrical Impedance Vector Analysis (BIVA) were performed. The LFD was effective in controlling digestive symptoms both in the short- and long-term, and in improving quality of life, anxiety and depression, even if some problems regarding acceptability were reported and adherence decreased in the long term. The LFD improved the food-related quality of life without affecting nutritional adequacy. When data collected at T0 were compared with those collected at T2, the perception of trigger foods was quite different. Even if some problems of acceptability and adherence are reported, an LFD is nutritionally adequate and effective in improving IBS symptoms also in the long term.

18.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2020 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32828145

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed at assessing the impact of a non-medical recommendation on drug-utilisation patterns and clinical outcomes in a central Region of Italy (Tuscany). METHODS: We performed a pre-post study on data collected in Tuscan healthcare administrative databases. We included patients with diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis, or psoriatic arthritis, or ankylosing spondylitis, or ulcerative colitis, or Crohn's disease, or psoriasis. The first analysis compared patients treated with infliximab on January 1st, 2013 (originator only available) to those on January 1st, 2016 (both originator and biosimilar available). The second analysis compared infliximab-originator users with infliximab-biosimilar ones. Adjusted odds ratios (OR) of persistence on treatment, Emergency Department (ED) admissions, hospitalisations and specialist visits were calculated. RESULTS: The first analysis included 606 patients and the second 434. In both analyses, we did not observe any significant difference in persistence. In the first analysis, the 2016 infliximab-originator cohort showed a significant association with the risk of having at least one ED admission (OR 1.54, 95% CI 1.02 to 2.31). A significant difference of accessing a specialist visit (more frequently rheumatologic) was observed in the 2016 cohort (OR 1.52, 95% CI 1.05 to 2.20). In the second analysis, the risk of having at least one hospitalisation decreased significantly in switchers to infliximab-biosimilar (OR 0.49, 95% CI 0.26 to 0.96). CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed no relevant changes in the clinical outcomes following the introduction of infliximab-biosimilar. The few observed differences observed can be explained mainly by a selective switching to infliximab-biosimilar in patients with lower burden of disease.

19.
Lupus ; 29(10): 1198-1205, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32660311

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The Brief Index of Lupus Damage (BILD) is an instrument of self-evaluation of organ damage for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. The objectives of this study were the translation, cultural adaptation and validation of the Italian version of the BILD (BILDit). METHODS: The process of translation and cultural adaptation followed published guidelines. The BILDit was pretested in a pilot study with 30 SLE patients in order to evaluate acceptability, reliability, comprehension and feasibility, and then validated in consecutive SLE patients attending our clinic. RESULTS: A total of 167 SLE patients were enrolled. In the pilot study, the BILDit demonstrated good acceptability, feasibility and comprehensibility and a very high degree of reliability (Cronbach's α = 1). In the validation cohort, the BILDit showed a significant positive correlation with the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology Damage Index (SDI; ρ = 0.69; p < 0.001). Analysing the item-by-item correlation between the BILDit and the SDI, a good correlation (p < 0.001) was found for 73.1% of the items. In the multivariate analysis, the BILDit showed a significant positive correlation with age and disease duration (p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The BILDit seems to be an acceptable and reliable instrument for patient self-evaluation of disease damage, with a good correlation with the SDI. It can be considered as a screening tool for the evaluation of organ damage starting from the patient's perceptive.

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