Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 134
Filtrar
1.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694741

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to compare three algorithms for cardiovascular (CV) risk estimation, namely Framingham, ACC/AHA and QRISK3, in a cohort of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Consecutive patients with SLE according to the ACR criteria were enrolled. Traditional risk factors, ongoing therapies, comorbidities and SLE-specific evaluations were assessed. In those without previous myocardial infarction or stroke, Framingham, ACC/AHA and QRISK3 algorithms were then used to estimate the individual risk of developing a CV disease over the next 10 years. RESULTS: Patients eligible for CV risk estimation were 123 out of 135 enrolled. Framingham index reported a median risk score of 4.7% (IQR 9.5-2.2), considering 29 patients (23.6%) at high CV risk. ACC/AHA index showed a median risk score of 1.4% (IQR 4.5-0.7), with 17 patients (13.8%) at high-risk. QRISK3 revealed a median risk score of 6.2% (IQR 12.5-2.8), making it possible to classify 44 patients (35.8%) at high CV risk. The subgroup analysis of subjects older than 40 years confirmed the same number of high-risk patients for both Framingham and ACC/AHA, whereas QRISK3 classified 38 subjects at high CV risk. CONCLUSIONS: QRISK3 classifies a greater number of SLE patients at high-risk of developing CV diseases over the next 10 years in comparison with classic algorithms as Framingham and ACC/AHA. If its predictive accuracy were confirmed by longitudinal data, QRISK3 could become an important tool in the early detection of a considerable part of CV high-risk SLE patients that would be underestimated when applying classic algorithms.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593595

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: UCTD is a systemic autoimmune condition that fails to fulfil the criteria for a definite CTD. Given that there are a lack of studies on links between pregnancy and UCTD, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the risk of disease flares or development of CTD in addition to the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes in patients with UCTD. METHODS: This is a retrospective study using prospectively collected data for 100 pregnancies in 81 incidences of UCTD treated in a single referral centre. RESULTS: A total of 11 pregnancies (11%) ended in miscarriage in the first trimester and the remaining 89 (89%) ended with a live birth. Thirteen patients (13%) flared during pregnancy or puerperium and three (3%) suffered major flares that led to the development of SLE with renal involvement. Obstetric complications occurred in 26 of the 89 successful pregnancies (29%), including 1 case (1%) of pre-eclampsia; in some cases, a single pregnancy was affected by more than one complication. There was a significant link between disease flare and both anti-dsDNA-positive antibodies at baseline (P < 0.01) and disease activity at the beginning of pregnancy (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: The impact on pregnancy in the study's cohort appears to be less serious in UCTD than in other CTDs. Nevertheless, disease flares and obstetric complications can represent a clinical challenge and clinical and serological disease activity would appear to represent important determinants of pregnancy outcomes. Pre-pregnancy counselling and planning as well as close monitoring during pregnancy is therefore essential.

4.
Rheumatol Int ; 2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595309

RESUMO

Behçet's syndrome (BS) is an autoimmune, rare, and severe multisystemic inflammatory disease characterized by recurrent oral aphthous ulcers, genital ulcers, skin lesions, and both anterior and posterior uveitis; articular, vascular, gastroenteric and neurological involvement may also occur. The multi-organ involvement and the wide range of clinical spectrum make the diagnosis of BS challenging. As other systemic chronic diseases, BS can affect all aspects of patients' life, including sexual dysfunction (SD). So far, SD has been deeply studied among patients affected by many rheumatic diseases; however, little is known about the prevalence and the characteristics of SD among BS patients. The present work was aimed at providing a systematic literature review of the literature published on SD and BS. We carried out a systematic search in PubMed and Scopus based on controlled terms (MeSH) and keywords to identify literature data on SD in BS. The systematic search was independently performed by two clinicians based on the controlled medical subject heading terms for Behcet syndrome and SD. Systematic database search identified 32 records. Screening by title and abstract was then conducted and a total of 10 articles were eligible for full text assessment, five studies explored SD in male patients with BS, 3 studies in females and 2 works reported data on both genders. Globally, the systematic literature review results have underlined that SD seems frequent in BS patients. Both female and male patients experienced a significant correlation between SD and depression. The studies investigating sexuality in BS seem to demonstrate that in these patients SD may be mainly related to depression rather than to active organic manifestations.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31560454

RESUMO

A project towards new SLE classification criteria supported by both EULAR and the ACR is based on weighted criteria that include both laboratory and clinical items. Combinations of certain symptoms may occur commonly in SLE, which would argue against independently counting these items. However, these interrelationships have not been formally investigated. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the interrelationship between candidate criteria items in an international early SLE cohort and in the Euro-Lupus cohort. METHODS: The international early SLE cohort included 389 patients, who were diagnosed within the last 3 years. Data on ACR 1997, SLICC 2012 and 30 additional items were collected. To evaluate the inter-relationship of criteria, a tetrachoric correlation was used to assess the degree of association between different manifestations of the same organ-system. The correlations identified in the international early SLE cohort were validated in the Euro-Lupus cohort. RESULTS: A few relevant correlations were observed among specific clinical cutaneous manifestations (in particular, malar rash correlated with photosensitivity, alopecia, and oral ulcers) and serologic manifestations (anti-Sm and anti-dsDNA and anti-RNP, anti-Ro with anti-La, and between anti-phospholipid antibodies), and these results were validated in the Euro-Lupus cohort. The associations within the mucocutaneous domain, hematologic and the specific autoantibodies suggest that within a single domain only the highest ranking item should be counted to avoid overrepresentation. CONCLUSIONS: Some of the candidate SLE criteria do cluster within domains. Given these interrelationships, multiple criteria within a domain should not be independently counted. These results are important for the structure of new SLE classification criteria.

6.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 71(9): 1400-1412, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385462

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop new classification criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) jointly supported by the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) and the American College of Rheumatology (ACR). METHODS: This international initiative had four phases. 1) Evaluation of antinuclear antibody (ANA) as an entry criterion through systematic review and meta-regression of the literature and criteria generation through an international Delphi exercise, an early patient cohort, and a patient survey. 2) Criteria reduction by Delphi and nominal group technique exercises. 3) Criteria definition and weighting based on criterion performance and on results of a multi-criteria decision analysis. 4) Refinement of weights and threshold scores in a new derivation cohort of 1,001 subjects and validation compared with previous criteria in a new validation cohort of 1,270 subjects. RESULTS: The 2019 EULAR/ACR classification criteria for SLE include positive ANA at least once as obligatory entry criterion; followed by additive weighted criteria grouped in 7 clinical (constitutional, hematologic, neuropsychiatric, mucocutaneous, serosal, musculoskeletal, renal) and 3 immunologic (antiphospholipid antibodies, complement proteins, SLE-specific antibodies) domains, and weighted from 2 to 10. Patients accumulating ≥10 points are classified. In the validation cohort, the new criteria had a sensitivity of 96.1% and specificity of 93.4%, compared with 82.8% sensitivity and 93.4% specificity of the ACR 1997 and 96.7% sensitivity and 83.7% specificity of the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics 2012 criteria. CONCLUSION: These new classification criteria were developed using rigorous methodology with multidisciplinary and international input, and have excellent sensitivity and specificity. Use of ANA entry criterion, hierarchically clustered, and weighted criteria reflects current thinking about SLE and provides an improved foundation for SLE research.

7.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(9): 1151-1159, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383717

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop new classification criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) jointly supported by the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) and the American College of Rheumatology (ACR). METHODS: This international initiative had four phases. (1) Evaluation of antinuclear antibody (ANA) as an entry criterion through systematic review and meta-regression of the literature and criteria generation through an international Delphi exercise, an early patient cohort and a patient survey. (2) Criteria reduction by Delphi and nominal group technique exercises. (3) Criteria definition and weighting based on criterion performance and on results of a multi-criteria decision analysis. (4) Refinement of weights and threshold scores in a new derivation cohort of 1001 subjects and validation compared with previous criteria in a new validation cohort of 1270 subjects. RESULTS: The 2019 EULAR/ACR classification criteria for SLE include positive ANA at least once as obligatory entry criterion; followed by additive weighted criteria grouped in seven clinical (constitutional, haematological, neuropsychiatric, mucocutaneous, serosal, musculoskeletal, renal) and three immunological (antiphospholipid antibodies, complement proteins, SLE-specific antibodies) domains, and weighted from 2 to 10. Patients accumulating ≥10 points are classified. In the validation cohort, the new criteria had a sensitivity of 96.1% and specificity of 93.4%, compared with 82.8% sensitivity and 93.4% specificity of the ACR 1997 and 96.7% sensitivity and 83.7% specificity of the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics 2012 criteria. CONCLUSION: These new classification criteria were developed using rigorous methodology with multidisciplinary and international input, and have excellent sensitivity and specificity. Use of ANA entry criterion, hierarchically clustered and weighted criteria reflect current thinking about SLE and provide an improved foundation for SLE research.

8.
Clin Rheumatol ; 2019 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31317425

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Digital ulcers (DUs) represent one major burden for patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). The objectives of our study were to evaluate blood flow in SSc-DUs with laser speckle contrast analysis (LASCA) and to correlate the skin perfusion to clinical and laboratory data. METHODS: Forty DUs in 31 consecutive patients with SSc according to 2013 ACR/EULAR criteria (20 with limited cutaneous disease, 3 males) were prospectively examined with LASCA. Clinical and laboratory data were collected at the same time. DUs were classified according to clinical features and presence of infection. RESULTS: At LASCA analysis, patients with diffuse SSc had lower mean values of blood flow compared with those with limited disease at the finger affected by DUs (88.80 vs 44.40, p = 0.036) and at the periulcer area (p = 0.041). The presence of infection was associated to a higher flow at the finger with DU (103.02 vs 58.05 p = 0.04), at the level of ulcer (217.63 vs 67.15, p < 0.001), and at the periulcer area (p = 0.001). The ratio between the blood flow at the ulcer area and the finger base (UA/FB) showed a bimodal trend in patients with infected DUs and in those without infections. Infection was positive correlated to the time of healing (HT) (r = 0.648, p = 0.023), while in DUs without infection a negative correlation to HT (r = - 0.46, p = 0.015) was identified. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates for the first time that the UA/FB ratio may predict the healing time of DUs in SSc patients and may be crucial for the prognostic stratification of patients. Infection remains one of the main predictors of DU healing. Key Points • The prognostic value of laser speckle contrast analysis (LASCA) in patients with digital ulcers (DUs) in systemic sclerosis remains to be clarified. • LASCA may be able to predict the haling time of the digital ulcers. • The presence of infection of the wound bed may greatly influence the LASCA parameters and the healing time of the digital ulcer.

9.
Clin Rheumatol ; 38(10): 2917-2923, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31172366

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To describe the ocular inflammatory and iatrogenic complications in a cohort of uveitic patients treated in an Italian referral centre. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective non-comparative case series. Medical history and clinical findings of all consecutive patients referred to the uveitis center of Pisa University from January 2015 to January 2017 were reviewed. Only patients with at least three follow-up visits in our center were included in our series. RESULTS: Three hundred and eighty-nine patients were visited in our center during study period; only 142 patients (90 men and 52 female) satisfied the inclusion criteria. Mean age at presentation was 41 ± 14 years. The most common ocular feature was anterior uveitis (46%) and was mainly unilateral. A specific etiological diagnosis was established in 61% of patients. At presentation, 71.43% of patients were on medical therapy for rheumatic disease; 42.86% of patients used systemic steroids Cataract and ocular hypertension were the most common ocular complications during the study period but were not statistically related to systemic steroid treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Systemic steroids treatment in uveitis patients does not seem to increase the risk of iatrogenic complications such as cataract and glaucoma. In our series, increasing age appears to be the main risk factor for cataract and glaucoma development. Key points • Cataract, ocular hypertension, and glaucoma are the most common iatrogenic complications. • Systemic steroids can be safely used in uveitis patients.

10.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(10): 1296-1304, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31092409

RESUMO

The objective was to develop evidence-based recommendations for the management of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) in adults. Based on evidence from a systematic literature review and expert opinion, overarching principles and recommendations were formulated and voted. High-risk antiphospholipid antibody (aPL) profile is associated with greater risk for thrombotic and obstetric APS. Risk modification includes screening for and management of cardiovascular and venous thrombosis risk factors, patient education about treatment adherence, and lifestyle counselling. Low-dose aspirin (LDA) is recommended for asymptomatic aPL carriers, patients with systemic lupus erythematosus without prior thrombotic or obstetric APS, and non-pregnant women with a history of obstetric APS only, all with high-risk aPL profiles. Patients with APS and first unprovoked venous thrombosis should receive long-term treatment with vitamin K antagonists (VKA) with a target international normalised ratio (INR) of 2-3. In patients with APS with first arterial thrombosis, treatment with VKA with INR 2-3 or INR 3-4 is recommended, considering the individual's bleeding/thrombosis risk. Rivaroxaban should not be used in patients with APS with triple aPL positivity. For patients with recurrent arterial or venous thrombosis despite adequate treatment, addition of LDA, increase of INR target to 3-4 or switch to low molecular weight heparin may be considered. In women with prior obstetric APS, combination treatment with LDA and prophylactic dosage heparin during pregnancy is recommended. In patients with recurrent pregnancy complications, increase of heparin to therapeutic dose, addition of hydroxychloroquine or addition of low-dose prednisolone in the first trimester may be considered. These recommendations aim to guide treatment in adults with APS. High-quality evidence is limited, indicating a need for more research.

11.
Neurogastroenterol Motil ; 31(7): e13599, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31012534

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Swallowing impairment is frequently present in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs), and it represents an important cause of morbidity, dramatically reducing the quality of life of patients. Moreover, dysphagia is associated to a worst prognosis. Unfortunately, no standardized instrumental techniques for the assessment of the upper gastrointestinal tract in IIM patients are available. In this study, we explored the characteristics of the alterations in the upper gastrointestinal tract using oro-pharyngeal-esophageal scintigraphy (OPES) in a cohort of IIM patients and we correlated the alterations with clinical parameters. METHODS: A total of 51 IIM patients were examined with OPES, both with liquids and semisolids, and the data acquired were examined to compute the transit time and the percentage of retention at oral, pharyngeal, and esophageal level. Patient-reported outcome data (PRO) on dysphagia, disease activity, and clinical parameters were collected. KEY RESULTS: Oro-pharyngeal-esophageal scintigraphy identified at least one alteration in all patients, particularly with the semisolid test and oral and pharyngeal levels presented a higher frequency of involvement compared to the esophageal tract (P < 0.05). A very good correlation between dysphagia severity assessed by PRO and many OPES results was identified. In patients with a shorter disease duration, there was a higher prevalence of alterations at the oral and pharyngeal level and they were correlated to higher swallowing difficulties and higher disease activity parameters. CONCLUSIONS & INFERENCES: Our results showed that OPES may represent a novel reproducible tool to assess dysphagia in IIM patients, thus opening new possibilities to evaluate dysphagia in these patients.

12.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2019 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30943137

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: A high prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD), not fully explained by the prevalence of traditional risk factors only, is reported in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs). Thus, we investigated if novel markers of CVD risk, like carotid diameter and advanced glycated end products, can better predict increased CVD risk in IIM patients. METHODS: We studied 43 consecutive patients diagnosed with IIM. All the patients underwent a clinical and laboratory evaluation of cardiovascular risk factors and characterisation of myositis disease activity. Non-invasive instrumental examinations performed included the measurement of carotid parameters (intima-media thickness, IMT and mean arterial diameter, mAD) by ultrasonic techniques, advanced glycation end-product accumulation in the skin by autofluorescence (AF) and body composition by bioelectrical impedance analysis. The parameters were compared to those measured in 29 controls, with similar mean age, BMI, blood pressure and smoking habits. RESULTS: IIM patients showed normal carotid IMT and distensibility, but higher carotid mAD (p=0.012), higher skin AF (p<0.001), lower fat free mass (p=0.036) and increased waist circumference compared to controls. A significant correlation was observed among AF and mAD (rho=0.317 p<0.05), carotid distension (rho=0.391 p=0.036) and IMT (rho=0.627 p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Abnormalities of the studied parameters suggest a higher risk of CV disease in IIM patients independent of disease activity. In this population, a thorough assessment of CV risk is recommended also in absence of overt CV disease during the clinical evaluation.

13.
J Rheumatol ; 46(11): 1485-1494, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30824638

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate microRNA (miRNA) that is potentially implicated in primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS)-related salivary hypofunction in labial salivary glands and to study miRNA-mediated mechanisms underlying oral dryness and altered rheology, focusing on the mucin O-glycosylation pathway. METHODS: We performed miRNA expression profiling in minor salivary gland samples of patients with pSS presenting a different impairment in their unstimulated salivary flow rate. A computational in silico analysis was performed to identify genes and pathways that might be modulated by the deregulated miRNA that we had identified. To confirm in silico analysis, expression levels of genes encoding for glycosyltransferases and glycan-processing enzymes were investigated using Human Glycosylation-RT2 Profiler PCR Array. RESULTS: Among 754 miRNA analyzed, we identified 126 miRNA that were significantly deregulated in pSS compared to controls, with a trend that was inversely proportional with the impairment of salivary flow rates. An in silico approach pinpointed that several upregulated miRNA in patients with pSS target important genes in the mucin O-glycosylation. We confirmed this prediction by quantitative real-time PCR, highlighting the downregulation of some glycosyltransferase and glycosidase genes in pSS samples compared to controls, such as GALNT1, responsible for mucin-7 glycosylation. CONCLUSION: Collectively, our data suggest that the expression of different predicted miRNA-target genes in the mucin type O-glycan biosynthesis pathway is altered in pSS patients with low salivary flow and that the miRNA expression profile could influence the glycosidase expression levels and consequently the rheology in pSS.

14.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(6): 736-745, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30926722

RESUMO

Our objective was to update the EULAR recommendations for the management of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), based on emerging new evidence. We performed a systematic literature review (01/2007-12/2017), followed by modified Delphi method, to form questions, elicit expert opinions and reach consensus. Treatment in SLE aims at remission or low disease activity and prevention of flares. Hydroxychloroquine is recommended in all patients with lupus, at a dose not exceeding 5 mg/kg real body weight. During chronic maintenance treatment, glucocorticoids (GC) should be minimised to less than 7.5 mg/day (prednisone equivalent) and, when possible, withdrawn. Appropriate initiation of immunomodulatory agents (methotrexate, azathioprine, mycophenolate) can expedite the tapering/discontinuation of GC. In persistently active or flaring extrarenal disease, add-on belimumab should be considered; rituximab (RTX) may be considered in organ-threatening, refractory disease. Updated specific recommendations are also provided for cutaneous, neuropsychiatric, haematological and renal disease. Patients with SLE should be assessed for their antiphospholipid antibody status, infectious and cardiovascular diseases risk profile and preventative strategies be tailored accordingly. The updated recommendations provide physicians and patients with updated consensus guidance on the management of SLE, combining evidence-base and expert-opinion.

15.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(5): 634-640, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30692164

RESUMO

European League Against Rheumatism and are jointly supporting multiphase development of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) classification criteria based on weighted criteria and a continuous probability scale. Prior steps included item generation, item reduction and hierarchical organisation of candidate criteria using an evidence-based approach. Our objectives were to determine relative weights using multicriteria decision analysis (MCDA) and to set a provisional threshold score for SLE classification. An SLE Expert Panel (8 European, 9 North American) submitted 164 real, unique cases with a wide range of SLE probability in a standardised format. Using the candidate criteria, experts scored and rank-ordered 20 representative cases. At an in-person meeting, experts reviewed inter-rater reliability of scoring, further refined criteria definitions and participated in an MCDA exercise. Based on expert consensus decisions on pairwise comparisons of criteria, 1000minds software calculated criteria weights and rank-ordered the remaining 144 cases based on their additive scores. The score of the lowest-ranked case for which complete expert consensus was achieved defined the provisional threshold classification score. Inter-rater reliability of scoring cases with the candidate criteria was good. MCDA involved 74 pairwise decisions and was repeated for the arthritis and mucocutaneous domains when the initial ranking of some cases did not match expert opinion. After criteria weights and additive scores were recalculated once, experts reached consensus for SLE classification for all cases scoring>83. Using an iterative process, the candidate criteria definitions were refined, preliminary weights were calculated and a provisional threshold score for SLE classification was determined.

16.
Autoimmun Rev ; 18(2): 164-176, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30572134

RESUMO

Pregnancy requires a special management in women with inflammatory rheumatic diseases (RDs), with the aim of controlling maternal disease activity and avoiding fetal complications. Despite the heterogeneous course of RDs during pregnancy, their impact on pregnancy largely relates to the extent of active inflammation at the time of conception. Therefore, accurate evaluation of disease activity is crucial for the best management of pregnant patients. Nevertheless, there are limitations in using conventional measures of disease activity in pregnancy, as some items included in these instruments can be biased by symptoms or by physiological changes related to pregnancy and the pregnancy itself may influence laboratory parameters used to assess disease activity. This article aims to summarize the current literature about the available instruments to measure disease activity during pregnancy in RDs. Systemic lupus erythematosus is the only disease with instruments that have been modified to account for several adaptations which might interfere with the attribution of signs or symptoms to disease activity during pregnancy. No modified-pregnancy indices exist for women affected by other RDs, but standard indices have been applied to pregnant patients. The current body of knowledge shows that the physiologic changes that occur during pregnancy need to be either adapted from existing instruments or developed to improve the management of pregnant women with RDs. Standardized instruments to assess disease activity during pregnancy would be helpful not only for clinical practice but also for research purposes.


Assuntos
Complicações na Gravidez/fisiopatologia , Doenças Reumáticas/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Complicações na Gravidez/patologia , Doenças Reumáticas/patologia
17.
Joint Bone Spine ; 86(4): 475-481, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30579917

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The reproductive choices of women affected by rheumatic diseases (RD) can be influenced by several factors, including the quality of physician-patient communication. We conducted a survey on reproductive issues aiming at exploring the unmet needs of women with RD during childbearing age. METHODS: We administered 65 multiple-choice and 12 open-answer questions about pregnancy counselling, contraception, use of drugs during pregnancy and other women reproductive issues to 477 consecutive women with RD aged 18-55 years followed-up in 24 rheumatology centres in Italy. Analysis was restricted to 398 patients who received their diagnosis of RD before the age of 45. According to the RD diagnosis, patients were subdivided into 2 groups: connective tissue diseases (n = 249) and chronic arthritis (n = 149). RESULTS: At the time of interview, women in both groups had a mean age of 40 years. Nearly one third of patients in each group declared not to have received any counselling about either pregnancy desire nor contraception. A smaller family size than desired was reported by nearly 37% of patients, because of concerns related to maternal disease in one fourth of the cases. A "Disease Knowledge Index" (DKI) was created to investigate the degree of patients' information about the implications of their RD on reproductive issues. Having received counselling was associated with higher DKI values and with a positive impact on family planning. CONCLUSION: Italian women of childbearing age affected by RD reported several unmet needs in their knowledge about reproductive issues. Strategies are needed to implement and facilitate physician-patient communication.

18.
J Rheumatol ; 46(7): 721-726, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30554156

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Given the complexity and heterogeneity of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), high-performing classification criteria are critical to advancing research and clinical care. A collaborative effort by the European League Against Rheumatism and the American College of Rheumatology was undertaken to generate candidate criteria, and then to reduce them to a smaller set. The objective of the current study was to select a set of criteria that maximizes the likelihood of accurate classification of SLE, particularly early disease. METHODS: An independent panel of international SLE experts and the SLE classification criteria steering committee (conducting SLE research in Canada, Mexico, United States, Austria, Germany, Greece, France, Italy, and Spain) ranked 43 candidate criteria. A consensus meeting using nominal group technique (NGT) was conducted to reduce the list of criteria for consideration. RESULTS: The expert panel NGT exercise reduced the candidate criteria for SLE classification from 43 to 21. The panel distinguished potential "entry criteria," which would be required for classification, from potential "additive criteria." Potential entry criteria were antinuclear antibody (ANA) ≥ 1:80 (HEp-2 immunofluorescence), and low C3 and/or low C4. The use of low complement as an entry criterion was considered potentially useful in cases with negative ANA. Potential additive criteria included lupus nephritis by renal biopsy, autoantibodies, cytopenias, acute and chronic cutaneous lupus, alopecia, arthritis, serositis, oral mucosal lesions, central nervous system manifestations, and fever. CONCLUSION: The NGT exercise resulted in 21 candidate SLE classification criteria. The next phases of SLE classification criteria development will require refinement of criteria definitions, evaluation of the ability to cluster criteria into domains, and evaluation of weighting of criteria.

20.
Ther Clin Risk Manag ; 14: 2097-2111, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30498353

RESUMO

Objective: To propose appropriate statements that drive the choice of biologic therapies in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), factoring in their impact on the following issues: anti-drug antibody (ADAb) formation, suspicion and management of infections, lupus-like syndrome (LLS), effects on bone mass and sexual sphere, and relationship between RA and periodontal disease (PD). Methods: An overview of existing evidence was undertaken by an expert panel on behalf of the Italian board for the TAilored BIOlogic therapy (ITABIO). Data were extracted from controlled trials, national registries, national health care databases, post-marketing surveys, and, when required by the paucity of controlled studies, from open-label clinical series. Anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) and non-anti-TNF-targeted biologics approved for RA were investigated. Results: ADAb formation is chiefly associated with anti-TNFs, and it is reduced by combination therapy with methotrexate. To date, ADAb titration is not advisable for clinical practice, and, in case of anti-TNF secondary failure, a non-anti-TNF biologic is indicated. LLS is observed in anti-TNF receivers and, in most cases, resolves without anti-TNF withdrawal. A non-anti-TNF biologic is advisable in patients experiencing LLS. Non-anti-TNFs demonstrated a low or absent infection risk and are preferable in patients with comorbidities. Due to their positive effects on bone mass, anti-TNFs are indicated in women at osteoporosis risk, whereas non-anti-TNF have been poorly investigated. The emerging evidence of the relationship between RA and PD and the effects on anti-TNF efficacy should lead clinicians to consider the periodontal status in RA patients. Anti-TNFs may exert a positive effect on fertility and sexuality, and clinicians should explore these aspects in RA patients. Conclusion: The optimization of biologic therapies by taking into proper account the above issues would improve patient outcomes.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA