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2.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(2): e008239, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31973557

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adjunctive coronary atherectomy (CA) can be utilized in treating severely calcified coronary lesions; however, the temporal trends, patient selection, and variation in use of CA have not been well described. We sought to assess the trends in usage, interhospital variability, and outcomes with CA among patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: All patients undergoing PCI in the National Cardiovascular Data Registry CathPCI Registry from July 1, 2009 to December 31, 2016 (N=3 864 377) were analyzed based on utilization of either rotational or orbital CA. Intervals using date of index CA grouped into 2009 Q3 to 2010, 2011 to 2012, 2013 to 2014, and 2015 to 2016 and hospital-level quartiles based on annual CA volumes were evaluated. The primary outcome measure was in-hospital major adverse cardiac events defined as a composite of all-cause mortality, periprocedural myocardial infarction, or stroke. Independent variables associated with outcomes were determined. RESULTS: CA represented 1.7% (n=65 033) of the total PCI volume. Among hospitals performing PCI (n=1672), 577 (34.5%) did not perform any CA. Patients treated with CA were elderly, more often male, and had a history of diabetes, prior myocardial infarction, PCI, and coronary artery bypass grafting. The utilization of CA increased from 1.1% in Q3 2009 to 3.0% in Q4 of 2016 (5% quarterly increase in odds of CA; OR [95% CI], 1.05 [1.04-1.06], P<0.001). Among patients undergoing CA, there was a temporal decline in major adverse cardiac events (0.98 [0.97-0.99], P<0.001) and myocardial infarction (0.97 [0.96-0.98], P<0.001). In adjusted analyses, increasing hospital CA volume was associated with lower mortality (0.85 [0.76-0.96], P=0.01) and lower rates of PCI failure or complication requiring coronary artery bypass grafting (0.67 [0.56-0.79], P<0.001) but was associated with small increase in coronary perforation (1.18 [1.04-1.35], P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Although CA is performed infrequently, its use has increased over time. After accounting for potential confounders, higher CA volume was associated with lower risk of major adverse events counterbalanced by small risk of coronary perforation.

3.
Angiology ; 71(3): 274-280, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31845593

RESUMO

The impact of peripheral artery disease (PAD) in patients undergoing chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has received limited study. We reviewed 3999 CTO PCIs performed in 3914 patients between 2012 and 2018 at 25 centers, 14% of whom had a history of PAD. We compared the clinical and angiographic characteristics and procedural outcomes of patients with versus without history of PAD. Patients with PAD were older (67 ± 9 vs 64 ± 10 years, P < .001) and had a higher prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors. They also had more complex lesions as illustrated by higher Japanese CTO score (2.7 ± 1.2 vs 2.4 ± 1.3, P < .001). In patients with PAD, the final crossing technique was less often antegrade wire escalation (40% vs 51%, P < .001) and more often the retrograde approach (23 vs 20%, P < .001) and antegrade dissection/reentry (20% vs 16%, P < .001). Technical success was similar between the 2 study groups (84% vs 87%, P = .127), but procedural success was lower for patients with PAD (81% vs 85%, P = .015). The incidence of in-hospital major adverse cardiac events was higher among patients with PAD (3% vs 2%, P = .046). In conclusion, patients with PAD undergoing CTO PCI have more comorbidities, more complex lesions, and lower procedural success.

4.
Int J Cardiol ; 299: 75-80, 2020 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31301862

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: During chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), sometimes non-CTO lesions are also treated. METHODS: We compared the clinical and procedural characteristics and outcomes of CTO PCIs with and without concomitant treatment of a non-CTO lesion in a contemporary multicenter CTO registry. RESULTS: Of the 3598 CTO PCIs performed at 21 centers between 2012 and 2018, 814 (23%) also included PCI of at least one non-CTO lesion. Patients in whom non-CTO lesions were treated were older (65 ±â€¯10 vs. 64 ±â€¯10 years, p = 0.03), more likely to present with an acute coronary syndrome (32% vs. 23%, p < 0.01), and less likely to undergo PCI of a right coronary artery (RCA) CTO (46% vs. 58%, p < 0.01). The most common non-CTO lesion location was the left anterior descending artery (31%), followed by the circumflex (29%) and the RCA (25%).Combined non-CTO and CTO-PCI procedures had similar technical (88% vs. 87%, p = 0.33) and procedural (85% vs. 85%, p = 0.74) success and major in-hospital complication rates (3.4% vs. 2.7%, p = 0.23), but had longer procedure duration (131 [88, 201] vs. 117 [75, 179] minutes, p < 0.01), higher patient air kerma radiation dose (3.0 [1.9, 4.8] vs. 2.8 [1.5, 4.6] Gray, p < 0.01) and larger contrast volume (300 [220, 380] vs. 250 [180, 350] ml, p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Combined CTO PCI with PCI of non-CTO lesions is associated with similar success and major in-hospital complication rates compared with cases in which only CTOs were treated, but requires longer procedure duration and higher radiation dose and contrast volume.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31693292

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical revascularization is associated with improved ventricular function and clinical outcomes among patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy. There are less extensive data on changes in ventricular function among patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Accordingly, we sought to assess the extent and predictors of change in left ventricular ejection fraction (ΔLVEF) among patients undergoing hemodynamically-supported PCI. METHODS: We assessed ΔLVEF following hemodynamically-supported PCI (with Impella or intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation) among patients enrolled in the PROTECT II trial and cVAD registry. The ΔLVEF was compared among patients with paired echocardiography at baseline and at least 30 days of follow-up. Independent correlates of ΔLVEF (modeled continuously and with an absolute ΔLVEF≥5%) were assessed using multivariable models. RESULTS: Among the 689 patients with paired echocardiographic data included in the analysis, the mean LVEF improved from 24.8 ± 9.9% to 31.4 ± 13.3% after PCI, for a net increase of 6.5 ± 10.8% (p < .001). A total of 395 (57%) patients had ΔLVEF ≥ 5% following hemodynamically-supported PCI. The number of vessels treated was associated with ΔLVEF (ΔLVEF 5.5% with 1 vessel, 6.6% with 2 vessels, and 8.3% with 3 vessels, p for trend = .046). A lower baseline LVEF, absence of a history of congestive heart failure or aldosterone receptor antagonist use, and a greater number of vessels treated were independent correlates of LVEF improvement. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction and paired echocardiographic assessments, an improvement in LVEF was observed following hemodynamically-supported PCI.

7.
EuroIntervention ; 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31403461

RESUMO

AIMS: To use optical coherence tomography (OCT) to predict newly implanted stent expansion for treatment of in-stent restenosis (ISR). METHODS AND RESULTS: With OCT-guidance, 143 ISR lesions were treated with a new stent. Stent underexpansion was defined as minimum stent area (MSA) <4.5mm 2 and MSA/average of reference lumen area <70%. New stent underexpansion was found in 33 lesions (23%), had a smaller old stent MSA (4.13 [3.32-4.62] versus 5.18 [4.01-6.38] mm 2 , p=0.001), and had a higher prevalence of multiple old stent layers (51.5% versus 10.9%, p<0.001) and neointimal or peri-stent calcium (69.7% versus 37.3%, p=0.001) compared to those without new stent underexpansion. Old stent underexpansion, multiple layers of old stent, maximum calcium angle >180°, and maximum calcium thickness >0.5mm were independently associated with new stent underexpansion. Patients with new stent underexpansion had a higher prevalence of major adverse cardiac events (35.5% vs 14.3%, p=0.009) mainly driven by a higher rate of myocardial infarction and target vessel revascularization at 2 years. CONCLUSIONS: When re-stenting an ISR lesion, old stent underexpansion, the amount of neointimal or peri-stent calcium, and multiple old stent strut layers are important determinants of new stent underexpansion that is then associated with adverse long-term outcomes.

8.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 94(4): 509-515, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31444897

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Limited study has detailed the late-term safety and efficacy of chronic total coronary occlusion (CTO) revascularization among multiple centers applying modern techniques and with newer-generation drug-eluting stents. METHODS: Among 20 centers, 222 patients enrolled in the XIENCE coronary stent, performance, and technique (EXPERT) CTO trial underwent CTO percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with everolimus-eluting stents (EES). Through planned 4-year follow-up, the primary composite endpoint of major adverse cardiac events (MACE; death, myocardial infarction [MI] and target lesion revascularization) and rates of individual component endpoints and stent thrombosis were determined. RESULTS: Demographic, lesion, and procedural characteristics included prior bypass surgery, 9.9%; diabetes, 40.1%; lesion length, 36.1 ± 18.5 mm; and stent length, 51.7 ± 27.2 mm. By 4 years, MACE rates were 31.6 and 22.4% by the pre-specified ARC and per-protocol definitions, respectively. Clinically-indicated target lesion revascularization at 4 years was 11.3%. In landmark analyses of events beyond the first year of revascularization, the annualized rates of target vessel-related MI and clinically-indicated target lesion revascularization were 0.53 and 1.3%, respectively. Through 4 years, the cumulative definite/probable stent thrombosis rate was 1.7% with no events occurring beyond the initial year of index revascularization. CONCLUSIONS: In a multicenter registration trial representing contemporary technique and EES, these results demonstrate sustained long-term safety and effectiveness of EES in CTO percutaneous revascularization and can be used to inform shared decision making with patients being considered for CTO PCI relative to late safety and vessel patency.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31326995

RESUMO

AIMS: Plaque burden (PB) measurement using intravascular optical coherence tomography (IVOCT) is currently thought to be inferior to intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). We developed an automated IVOCT image processing algorithm to enhance the external elastic lamina (EEL) contour. Thus, we investigated the accuracies of standard IVOCT and an IVOCT enhancement algorithm for measuring PB using IVUS as the reference standard. METHODS AND RESULTS: The EEL-enhancement algorithm combined adaptive attenuation compensation, exponentiation, angular registration, and image averaging using three sequential frames. In two different laboratories with intravascular imaging expertise, PB was quantified on 200 randomized, matched IVOCT and IVUS images by four independent observers. Fibroatheroma, fibrocalcific plaque, fibrous plaque, pathological intimal thickening (PIT), and mixed plaque were included in each set. Pearson's correlation coefficients between IVUS and standard IVOCT measurements of PB were 0.61, 0.67, 0.76, 0.78, and 0.87 for fibroatheromas, mixed plaques, fibrocalcific plaques, fibrous plaques, and PIT plaques, respectively. Pearson's correlation coefficients increased to 0.81, 0.83, 0.83, 0.84, and 0.90 when using the EEL-enhanced images (P = 0.003, P = 0.004, P = 0.08, P = 0.12, and P = 0.23, respectively). EEL-enhanced IVOCT analysis was associated with a lower EEL-area measurement absolute error for fibroatheromas, mixed plaques, and all pooled plaques (P = 0.006, P = 0.02, and P < 0.001, respectively). Compared with standard IVOCT, the EEL-enhanced IVOCT images had a higher sensitivity (79% vs. 28%, P < 0.001) and specificity (98% vs. 85%, P = 0.03) for plaques with an IVUS PB ≥70%. CONCLUSION: EEL-enhanced IVOCT can be used to reliably measure PB in all types of coronary atherosclerotic lesions, including fibroatheromas and mixed plaques.

10.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 31(7): E220-E225, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257217

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Left main coronary artery (LMCA) chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has received limited study. METHODS: We reviewed 4436 CTO-PCIs performed in 4340 patients between 2012 and 2018 at 25 sites. LMCA-CTO-PCI was performed in 20 cases (0.45%). We examined the clinical and angiographic characteristics and procedural outcomes of these cases. RESULTS: Mean patient age was 68 ± 11 years and 65% were men. Most patients (85%) had undergone prior coronary artery bypass graft surgery and had a protected left main. Mean J-CTO score was 2.7 ± 1.3, mean PROGRESS-CTO score was 1.3 ± 1.1, and mean PROGRESS-CTO Complications score was 3.8 ± 1.9. Antegrade-wire escalation was the most common successful crossing strategy (50%), followed by retrograde crossing (30%) and antegrade dissection/re-entry (10%). Technical and procedural success rates were both 85%. One patient with failed LMCA-CTO-PCI had periprocedural myocardial infarction. Median procedure time was 178 minutes (interquartile range [IQR], 123-250 minutes), median contrast volume was 190 mL (IQR, 133-339 mL), and patient air kerma radiation dose was 2.6 Gray (IQR, 1.3-3.9 Gray). CONCLUSIONS: LMCA-CTO-PCI is infrequent, is performed mostly in patients with prior coronary artery bypass graft surgery, and is associated with good procedural outcomes.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Oclusão Coronária/cirurgia , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Idoso , Oclusão Coronária/diagnóstico , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31355987

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Protection against acute kidney injury (AKI) has been reported with the use of Impella during high-risk percutaneous coronary intervention (HR-PCI). We sought to evaluate this finding by determining the occurrence of AKI during Impella-supported HR-PCI in patients from the Global cVAD Study and compare this incidence with their calculated AKI risk at baseline. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this prospective, multicenter study, we enrolled 314 consecutive patients. We included 223 patients that underwent nonemergent HR-PCI supported with Impella 2.5 or Impella CP and excluded those requiring hemodialysis prior to HR-PCI (19) and those with insufficient data (72). The primary outcome was AKI postprocedurally at 48 hr versus the predicted risk of AKI according to Mehran risk score. Logistic regression analysis determined predictors of AKI. Overall, 4.9% (11) of Impella-supported patients developed AKI (exclusively stage 1) at 48 hr versus a predicted rate of 21.9%, representing a 77.6% lower AKI rate (p < .0001). In this study, no Impella-supported patients required renal replacement therapy. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (ml/min/1.73 m2 ) alone predicted AKI (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]: 4.915; 95% confidence intervals [CI]: 1.02-23.53, p = .046), and increasing contrast had insignificant effects on AKI during high-risk PCI (AOR: 1.15; 95% CI: 0.87-1.51, p = .332). In patients not protected from AKI, the postprocedure incidence of AKI was not significantly greater and did not correlate with chronic kidney disease severity. CONCLUSION: The incidence of AKI was lower during HR-PCI than expected from current risk models. Although further exploration of this finding is warranted, these data support a new protective strategy against AKI during HR-PCI.

12.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(5): e007448, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31084239

RESUMO

Rotational atherectomy (RA) is an established tool in interventional cardiology for treatment of calcified coronary lesions. Over 3 decades of clinical experience and research, techniques have matured and outcomes have improved. Heterogeneity exists, however, in RA utilization and technique. We assembled a group of experienced RA operators and device experts to summarize and critique key elements of contemporary RA technique, to identify areas of consensus and controversy, and to offer recommendations for optimal performance for the practicing interventional cardiologist. Evolution in RA strategy toward a focus on lesion modification to facilitate balloon angioplasty and stenting has underpinned major advances in procedural safety, including opportunity to use smaller caliber equipment and radial access. Optimal technique and improved safety have permitted exploratory use of RA for different lesion types and reevaluation of procedural requirements, including flush solution composition and transvenous pacing. Preparedness to manage complications remains paramount and recommendations for operators and institutions are outlined.

13.
Coron Artery Dis ; 30(5): 346-351, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31094895

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe a technique for ultra-low-contrast angiography (ULCA) in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) and previous coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). BACKGROUND: Patients with advanced CKD and previous CABG are at high risk of developing contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) because of the additional contrast often required to identify bypass grafts. Apart from hydration, reduced contrast administration is the only established method to minimize the risk of CIN. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ten patients underwent ULCA, whereby an intracoronary injection of saline and coronary guidewires were used instead of test injections of contrast for engagement of bypass grafts with catheters. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) before and 30 days following angiography were recorded as was the need for renal replacement therapy 1 year after the procedure. RESULTS: All patients completed a diagnostic angiogram without complications. The median volume of contrast delivered was 13.5 ml (interquartile range: 10.5-17.8). The median eGFR was 18.3 ml/min/1.73 m (interquartile range: 16.5-28.2). There was no statistically significant difference in eGFR before the procedure and 30 days after the procedure (P=0.79). No patient required dialysis 30 days after the procedure. Two patients required initiation of dialysis at 1 year after the procedure. CONCLUSION: In patients with advanced CKD and previous CABG, ULCA may be performed with high procedural success and without complications, minimizing the risk of CIN in these high-risk patients.

14.
Eur Heart J Qual Care Clin Outcomes ; 5(4): 370-379, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30895291

RESUMO

AIMS: Chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been shown to reduce angina and improve quality of life, but the frequency of new or residual angina after CTO PCI and its relationship with titration of anti-anginal medications (AAMs) has not been described. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among consecutive CTO PCI patients treated at 12 US centres in the OPEN CTO registry, angina was assessed 6 months after the index PCI using the Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ) Angina Frequency scale (a score <100 defined new or residual angina). We then compared the proportion of patients with AAM escalation (defined as an increase in the number or dosage of AAMs between discharge and follow-up) between those with and without 6-month angina. Of 901 patients who underwent CTO PCI, 197 (21.9%) reported angina at 6-months, of whom 80 (40.6%) had de-escalation, 66 (33.5%) had no change, and only 51 (25.9%) had escalation of their AAM by the 6-month follow-up. Rates of AAM escalation were similar when stratifying patients by the ultimate success of the CTO PCI, completeness of physiologic revascularization, presence or absence of angina at baseline, history of heart failure, and by degree of symptomatic improvement after CTO PCI. CONCLUSIONS: One in five patients reported angina 6 months after CTO PCI. Although patients with new or residual angina were more likely to have escalation of AAMs in follow-up compared with those without residual symptoms, only one in four patients with residual angina had escalation of AAMs. Although it is unclear whether this finding reflects maximal tolerated therapy at baseline or therapeutic inertia, these findings suggest an important potential opportunity to further improve symptom control in patients with complex stable ischaemic heart disease.

15.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(3): e007338, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30871357

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We examined the procedural outcomes of chronic total occlusions (CTO) percutaneous coronary interventions in patients with prior coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). METHODS AND RESULTS: We compared the clinical, angiographic characteristics and outcomes of 3486 CTO interventions performed in patients with (n=1101) and without (n=2317) prior CABG at 21 centers. Prior CABG patients (32% of total cohort) were older (67±9 versus 63±10 years; P<0.001) and had more comorbidities and lower left ventricular ejection fraction (50% [40-58] versus 55% [45-60]; P<0.001). The CTO target vessel in prior CABG patients was the right coronary artery (56%), circumflex (26%), and left anterior descending artery (17%). The mean J-CTO (2.9±1.2 versus 2.2±1.3; P<0.001) and PROGRESS-CTO (Prospective Global Registry for the Study of Chronic Total Occlusion Intervention; 1.5±1.1 versus 1.2±1.0; P<0.001) score was higher in prior CABG patients. Retrograde (53% versus 30%, P<0.001) and antegrade dissection reentry (35% versus 28%; P<0.001) techniques were used more frequently in prior CABG patients. Prior CABG patients had lower technical (84% versus 89%; P<0.001) and procedural (82% versus 87%, P<0.001) success, but similar incidence of in-hospital major complications (3.1% versus 2.5%; P=0.287). In-hospital mortality (1% versus 0.4%; P=0.016) and coronary perforation (7.1% versus 3.1%; P<0.001) occurred more frequently in prior CABG patients, however, CABG patients had a lower incidence of pericardial tamponade (0.1% versus 1.0%; P=0.002) and pericardiocentesis (0% versus 1.3%; P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In a large multicenter CTO percutaneous coronary interventions registry, prior CABG patients had lower success rate but similar overall risk for complications, although mortality was higher and the incidence of tamponade was lower. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Unique identifier: NCT02061436.

16.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(4): 346-358, 2019 02 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30784639

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the frequency and outcomes of radial access for chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: Radial access improves the safety of PCI, but its role in CTO PCI remains controversial. METHODS: We compared the clinical, angiographic, and procedural characteristics of 3,790 CTO interventions performed between 2012 and 2018 via radial-only access (RA) (n = 747) radial-femoral access (RFA) (n = 844) and femoral-only access (n = 2,199) access at 23 centers in the United States, Europe, and Russia. RESULTS: Patients' mean age was 65 ± 10 years, and 85% were men. Transradial access (RA and RFA) was used in 42% of CTO interventions and significantly increased over time from 11% in 2012 to 67% in 2018 (p < 0.001). RA patients were younger (age 62 ± 10 years vs. 64 ± 10 years and 65 ± 10 years; p < 0.001), less likely to have undergone prior coronary artery bypass graft surgery (18% vs. 39% and 35%; p < 0.001), and less likely to have undergone prior PCI (60% vs. 63% and 66%; p = 0.005) compared with those who underwent RFA and femoral-only access PCI. RA CTO PCI lesions had lower J-CTO (Multicenter CTO Registry in Japan) (2.1 ± 1.4 vs. 2.6 ± 1.3 and 2.5 ± 1.3; p < 0.001) and PROGRESS CTO (Prospective Global Registry for the Study of Chronic Total Occlusion Intervention) complication (2.3 ± 1.9 vs. 3.2 ± 2.0 and 3.2 ± 1.9; p < 0.001) scores. The mean sheath size was significantly smaller in the RA group (6.6 ± 0.7 vs. 7.0 ± 0.6 and 7.3 ± 0.8; p < 0.0001), although it increased with lesion complexity. Antegrade dissection re-entry (20% vs. 33% and 32%; p < 0.001) was less commonly used with RA, whereas use of retrograde techniques was highest with RFA (47%). The overall rates of technical success (89% vs. 88% vs. 86%; p = 0.061), procedural success (86% vs. 85% vs. 85%; p = 0.528), and in-hospital major complication (2.47% vs. 3.40% vs. 2.18%; p = 0.830) were similar in all 3 groups, whereas major bleeding was lower in the RA group (0.55% vs. 1.94% and 0.88%; p = 0.013). CONCLUSIONS: Transradial access is increasingly being used for CTO PCI and is associated with similar technical and procedural success and lower major bleeding rates compared with femoral-only access interventions. (Prospective Global Registry for the Study of Chronic Total Occlusion Intervention [PROGRESS CTO]; NCT02061436).

17.
Am J Cardiol ; 123(9): 1422-1428, 2019 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30798947

RESUMO

There is limited data on the use of atherectomy during chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We compared the clinical and procedural characteristics and outcomes of CTO PCIs performed with or without atherectomy in a contemporary multicenter CTO PCI registry. Between 2012 and 2018, 3,607 CTO PCIs were performed at 21 participating centers. Atherectomy was used in 117 (3.2%) cases: rotational atherectomy in 105 cases, orbital atherectomy in 8, and both in 4 cases. Patients in whom atherectomy was used, were older (68 ± 8 vs 64 ± 10 years, p <0.0001) and had higher Japan-chronic total occlusion score (3.0 ± 1.2 vs 2.4 ± 1.3, p <0.0001). CTO PCI cases in which atherectomy was used had similar technical (91% vs 87%, p = 0.240) and procedural (90% vs 85%, p = 0.159) success and in-hospital major adverse cardiac event (4% vs 3%, p = 0.382) rates. However, atherectomy cases were associated with higher rates of donor vessel injury (4% vs 1%, p = 0.031), tamponade requiring pericardiocentesis (2.6% vs 0.4%, p = 0.012) and more often required use of a left ventricular assist device (9% vs 5%, p = 0.031). Atherectomy cases were associated with longer procedural duration (196 [141, 247] vs 119 [76, 180] minutes, p <0.0001), and higher patient air kerma radiation dose (3.6 [2.5, 5.6] vs 2.8 [1.6, 4.7] Gray, p = 0.001). In conclusion, atherectomy is currently performed in approximately 3% of CTO PCI cases and is associated with similar technical and procedural success and overall major adverse cardiac event rates, but higher risk for donor vessel injury and tamponade.


Assuntos
Aterectomia/métodos , Oclusão Coronária/cirurgia , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Sistema de Registros , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Angiografia Coronária , Oclusão Coronária/diagnóstico , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Am J Cardiol ; 123(7): 1052-1059, 2019 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30642605

RESUMO

Outcomes after percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) in saphenous vein grafts (SVG) are inferior compared with native coronary arteries, but the mechanisms of SVG in-stent restenosis (ISR) have not been well-described. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the patterns of SVG ISR using intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) in 54 SVG ISR lesions. Stent underexpansion was defined as minimum stent area (MSA) <5 mm2. The time from stent implantation to presentation with ISR (9 BMS, 18 first-generation DES, and 27 second-generation DES) was 3.7 ± 3.0 years. IVUS-defined ISR patterns were categorized as mechanical (33%) or biological (67%). Mechanical patterns comprised 10 cases of stent underexpansion (MSA = 4.2 ± 0.9 mm2), 6 stent fractures or deformations, and 2 uncovered aorto-anastomotic lesions. Biological patterns comprised 19 cases of neoatherosclerosis, 13 excessive neointimal hyperplasia (NIH, 65 ± 11%), and 4 thrombi. Compared with biological patterns of ISR, mechanical patterns were more frequently located at the SVG anastomosis (72% vs 39%, p = 0.04) and at the SVG hinge motion site (55% vs 21%, p = 0.02). Although patients with mechanical patterns of ISR presented earlier than those with biological patterns (2.3 vs 4.4 years, p = 0.009), 61% of them were diagnosed >1 year after stent implantation. In conclusion, SVG ISR is dominated by biological patterns including neoatherosclerosis. Mechanical patterns of SVG ISR are associated with earlier presentation and location at graft anastomosis or hinge motion site.


Assuntos
Oclusão Coronária/cirurgia , Reestenose Coronária/diagnóstico , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/diagnóstico , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Veia Safena/transplante , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Oclusão Coronária/diagnóstico , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Veia Safena/diagnóstico por imagem
19.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 31(5): 133-139, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30643040

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For patients needing coronary chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), a planned, staged intervention has been recommended by experts. Ad hoc CTO-PCI, however, occurs in practice. METHODS: Observational, contemporary, multicenter, international registry. Our goals were to determine the frequency, characteristics, procedural techniques, and outcomes of patients who underwent ad hoc vs planned CTO-PCI. RESULTS: Among 2282 patients who underwent CTO-PCI between 2012 and 2017, 318 (14%) were ad hoc. Patients undergoing ad hoc CTO-PCI had lower J-CTO, PROGRESS CTO, and PROGRESS Complications scores. Antegrade-wire escalation was used more often in ad hoc PCI (96% vs 81%; P<.001), whereas antegrade-dissection re-entry (22% vs 32%) and retrograde approaches (14% vs 38%) were more common in planned PCI (P<.001). There was no difference in ad hoc vs planned PCI in technical (85% vs 86%) and procedural success (84% vs 84%). In-hospital major adverse cardiac events (MACE) were more common in patients who underwent planned procedures (0.6% vs 2.9%; P=.02). Multivariable analyses showed that ad hoc CTO-PCI was not associated with technical success or MACE. CONCLUSIONS: Ad hoc CTO-PCI occurs more commonly in less complex lesions and is associated with similarly high success rates as planned CTO-PCI in lower J-CTO score lesions, suggesting that ad hoc CTO-PCI may be an acceptable option for experienced hybrid operators in carefully selected cases. Complex cases, as quantified by the J-CTO score, have a higher in-hospital MACE rate and should preferably be performed following proper planning and preparation.


Assuntos
Oclusão Coronária , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Planejamento de Assistência ao Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Oclusão Coronária/diagnóstico , Oclusão Coronária/fisiopatologia , Oclusão Coronária/cirurgia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/métodos , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Sistema de Registros , Risco Ajustado/métodos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Tempo para o Tratamento
20.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 93(7): 1211-1218, 2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30328257

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess plaque modification and stent expansion following orbital atherectomy (OA) for calcified lesions using optical coherence tomography (OCT). BACKGROUND: The efficacy of OA for treating calcified lesions is not well studied, especially using intravascular imaging in vivo. METHODS: OCT was performed preprocedure, post-OA, and post-stent (n = 58). Calcium modification after OA was defined as a round, concave, polished calcium surface. Calcium fracture was complete discontinuity of calcium. RESULTS: Comparing pre- vs post-OA OCT (n = 29), calcium area was significantly decreased post-OA (from 3.4 mm2 [2.4-4.7] to 2.9 mm2 [1.9-3.9], P < 0.001). Poststent percent calcium fracture (calcium fracture length/calcium length) correlated with post-OA percent calcium modification (calcium modification length/calcium length) (r = 0.31, P = 0.01). Among 75 calcium fractures in 35 lesions, maximum calcium thickness at the fracture site was greater with vs without calcium modification (0.58 mm [0.50-0.66] vs 0.45 mm [0.38-0.52], P = 0.003). Final optimal stent expansion, defined as minimum stent area ≥6.1 mm2 or stent expansion ≥90% (medians of this cohort) at the maximum calcium angle site, was observed in 41 lesions. Larger post-OA lumen area (odds ratio 2.64; 95% CI 1.21-5.76; P = 0.02) and the presence of calcium fracture (odds ratio 6.77; 95% CI 1.25-36.6; P = 0.03) were independent predictors for optimal stent expansion. CONCLUSIONS: Calcium modification by OA facilitates poststent calcium fracture even in thick calcium. Greater calcium modification correlated with greater calcium fracture, in turn resulting in better stent expansion.

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