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1.
Rev Bras Reumatol ; 54(2): 102-9, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24878856

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: With the increasing use of immunobiological drugs (IBD), the knowledge about their effectiveness and safety has increased. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the immediate infusional reactions (IIR) to intravenous IBD: infliximab (IFX), rituximab (RTX), abatacept (ABT) and tocilizumab (TCZ) on the treatment of autoimmune diseases. METHOD: 2126 infusions performed in the Infusion Centre - CID in 268 patients were analyzed. The used drug, its clinical indication, infusion time, and use of premedication were determined by the prescribing physician. All intercurrences presented during infusion and/or during a thirty minutes observation period were considered as IIR. The approach adopted in IIR followed the protocols of the Infusion Centre - CID. RESULTS: Regarding the type of IBD, the infused drugs given were: IFX (1584, 74.5%), TCZ (226, 10.63%), RTX (185, 8.7%) and ABT (131, 6,16%). IIR were described in 87 procedures (9.4%): 77 - IFX group and 10 - RTX group. IIR were not described in ABT and TCZ groups. Most were considered as mild (n = 5; 41.17%) or moderate (n = 50, 58.81%) reactions; there were no serious reactions. Regarding to discontinue infusions, 79 (92.9%) were resumed and completed successfully. Only six (0.28% of infusions) were not completed because of IIR. CONCLUSION: Despite the differences between the number of procedures per drug, ours is a "real life" analysis, where the incidence of IIR was similar to that described in the literature. The low incidence of IIR corroborates the safety data, both quantitatively and qualitatively, and underscores the importance of specialized medical support during infusion.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Abatacepte , Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/efeitos adversos , Doenças Autoimunes/epidemiologia , Humanos , Imunoconjugados/administração & dosagem , Imunoconjugados/efeitos adversos , Fatores Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Infliximab , Infusões Intravenosas , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rituximab , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo
2.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 54(2): 102-109, Mar-Apr/2014. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-710219

RESUMO

Introdução: Com o crescimento do uso de drogas imunobiológicas (IBD) ampliamos o conhecimento sobre sua eficácia e segurança. Objetivo: Analisar as reações infusionais imediatas (RII) às IBD endovenosas - infliximabe (IFX), rituximabe (RTX), abatacepte (ABT) e tocilizumabe (TCZ) - no tratamento de doenças autoimunes. Método: Avaliamos 2.126 infusões feitas no CID (Centro de Infusão) em 268 pacientes. A droga usada, a indicação clínica, o tempo de infusão e o uso de pré-medicação foram determinados pelo médico prescritor. Foram consideradas RII todas as intercorrências apresentadas durante a infusão e/ou período observacional de 30 minutos. A conduta adotada nas RII seguiu os protocolos do CID. Resultados: Em relação ao tipo de IBD, as infusões foram distribuídas em: IFX (1.584; 74,5%), TCZ (226; 10,63%), RTX (185; 8,7%) e ABT (131; 6,16%). As RII foram descritas em 87 procedimentos (4,09%): 77 no grupo IFX e 10 no grupo RTX. Não foram descritas RII nos grupos de ABT e TCZ. A maioria foi considerada leve (n = 5; 41,17%) ou moderada (n = 50; 58,81%) e não houve reações graves. Das infusões interrompidas, 79 (92,9%) foram reiniciadas e concluídas com êxito. Apenas seis (0,28%) não foram concluídas por causa das RII. Conclusão: Apesar da diferença entre o número de procedimentos por droga, trata-se de uma análise de "vida real", na qual a incidência de RII foi semelhante à descrita na literatura. A baixa incidência de RII corrobora os dados de segurança tanto de forma quantitativa como qualitativa e ressalta a importância do acompanhamento médico especializado durante a infusão. .


Introduction: With the increasing use of immunobiological drugs (IBD), the knowledge about their effectiveness and safety has increased. Objective: To analyze the immediate infusional reactions (IIR) to intravenous IBD: infliximab (IFX), rituximab (RTX), abatacept (ABT) and tocilizumab (TCZ) on the treatment of autoimmune diseases. Method: 2126 infusions performed in the Infusion Centre - CID in 268 patients were analyzed. The used drug, its clinical indication, infusion time, and use of premedication were determined by the prescribing physician. All intercurrences presented during infusion and/or during a thirty minutes observation period were considered as IIR. The approach adopted in IIR followed the protocols of the Infusion Centre - CID. Results: Regarding the type of IBD, the infused drugs given were: IFX (1584, 74.5%), TCZ (226, 10.63%), RTX (185, 8.7%) and ABT (131, 6,16%). IIR were described in 87 procedures (9.4%): 77 - IFX group and 10 - RTX group. IIR were not described in ABT and TCZ groups. Most were considered as mild (n = 5; 41.17%) or moderate (n = 50, 58.81%) reactions; there were no serious reactions. Regarding to discontinue infusions, 79 (92.9%) were resumed and completed successfully. Only six (0.28% of infusions) were not completed because of IIR. Conclusion: Despite the differences between the number of procedures per drug, ours is a "real life" analysis, where the incidence of IIR was similar to that described in the literature. The low incidence of IIR corroborates the safety data, both quantitatively and qualitatively, and underscores the importance of specialized medical support during infusion. .


Assuntos
Humanos , Doenças Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Abatacepte , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Doenças Autoimunes/epidemiologia , Infliximab , Infusões Intravenosas , Imunoconjugados/administração & dosagem , Imunoconjugados/efeitos adversos , Fatores Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rituximab , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo
3.
Exp Biol Med (Maywood) ; 238(6): 713-22, 2013 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23918883

RESUMO

Several studies have suggested an increase of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk on periodontitis patients. An enhancement has been demonstrated on both platelet activation and oxidative stress on periodontitis patients, which may contribute for this association. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of non-surgical periodontal treatment on the l-arginine-nitric oxide (NO)-cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) pathway and oxidative status in platelets. A total of eight periodontitis patients and eight controls were included in this study. Clinical, laboratory and experimental evaluations were performed on baseline and 90 days after periodontal treatment (except for western blot analysis). The clinical periodontal evaluation included measurements of probing pocket depth (PPD), clinical attachment loss (CAL), % of sites with plaque and % of sites with bleeding on probing. We evaluated: l-[(3)H]arginine influx; nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and arginase enzymes activity and expression; expression of guanylate cyclase and phosphodiesterase-5 enzymes; cGMP levels; platelet aggregation; oxidative status through superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase activities, and measurement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels. The initial results showed an activation of both l-arginine influx and via system y (+ )L associated with reduced intraplatelet cGMP levels in periodontitis patients and increased systemic levels of CRP. After periodontal treatment, there was a significant reduction of the % of sites with PPD 4-5mm, % of sites with CAL 4-5 mm, and an enhancement in cGMP levels and SOD activity. Moreover, CRP levels were reduced after treatment. Therefore, alterations in the intraplatelet l-arginine-NO-cGMP pathway and oxidant-antioxidant balance associated with a systemic inflammatory response may lead to platelet dysfunction, which may contribute to a higher risk of CVD in periodontitis.


Assuntos
Arginina/metabolismo , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Periodontite/metabolismo , Adulto , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Doenças Cardiovasculares/metabolismo , GMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Óxido Nítrico Sintase/metabolismo , Periodontite/complicações , Ativação Plaquetária/fisiologia , Agregação Plaquetária/fisiologia , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia
4.
J Affect Disord ; 140(2): 187-92, 2012 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22424639

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Major depression (MD) is an independent cardiovascular risk factor, but the exact mechanisms are not clear. In this study we have investigated the intraplatelet L-arginine-nitric oxide (NO) pathway and platelet function in depressive patients. METHODS: Nineteen unmedicated patients with MD (34±4years) and 19 control subjects (CS, 34±3years) were included. L-[(3)H]-arginine influx, NO synthase (NOS) activity and intracellular cGMP levels were evaluated in platelets, as well as the expression of eNOS, iNOS, arginase and soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC), platelet aggregation and the systemic amino acid profile in MD patients and CS. RESULTS: L-arginine influx (pmol/10(9)cells/min) in platelets was reduced from 46.2±9.5 to 20.02±2.12 in depression. NOS activity (pmol/10(8) cells) was diminished in MD patients (0.09±0.01) compared to CS (0.17±0.01). Intracellular cGMP levels were also impaired in MD patients associated with hyperaggregability. Moreover, the concentration of plasma L-arginine was reduced by 20% in MD patients. The expression of eNOS, iNOS, arginase II and sGC in platelet lysates was not affected by MD. LIMITATIONS: Small number of patients in the study. CONCLUSIONS: This study has demonstrated an impairment of L-arginine-NO signaling in platelets from MD patients, suggesting a role in platelet activation and cardiovascular events.


Assuntos
Arginina/sangue , Plaquetas/fisiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/metabolismo , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Agregação Plaquetária/fisiologia , Adulto , Aminoácidos/sangue , Arginina/metabolismo , Plaquetas/química , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , GMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/complicações , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Guanilato Ciclase/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Óxido Nítrico/sangue , Óxido Nítrico Sintase/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco
5.
Can J Physiol Pharmacol ; 89(2): 97-102, 2011 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21326340

RESUMO

Nitric oxide (NO) production occurs through oxidation of the amino acid L-arginine by NO synthase (NOS). NO inhibits platelet activation by increasing the levels of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), thus maintaining vascular homeostasis. Our group previously demonstrated (da Silva et al. 2005) an enhancement of the L-arginine-NO-cGMP pathway in platelets taken from chronic renal failure (CRF) patients on haemodialysis associated with reduced platelet aggregation. We investigate the platelet L-arginine-NO-cGMP pathway, platelet function, and inflammation from patients in CRF on conservative treatment. A total of 42 CRF patients and 42 controls (creatinine clearance = 27 ± 3 vs. 93 ± 1 mL per min per 1.73 m2, respectively) participated in this study. NOS activity and expression and cGMP concentration were measured in platelets. Platelet aggregation induced by collagen or ADP was evaluated and plasma levels of fibrinogen were determined by the Clauss method. A marked increase in basal NOS activity was seen in undialysed CRF patients compared with controls, accompanied by an elevation of fibrinogen plasma levels. There were no differences in expression of NOS and in cGMP levels. In this context, platelet aggregation was not affected. We provide the first evidence of increased intraplatelet NO biosynthesis in undialysed CRF patients, which can be an early marker of future haemostatic abnormalities during dialysis treatment.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/metabolismo , Falência Renal Crônica/sangue , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Óxido Nítrico/sangue , Difosfato de Adenosina/farmacologia , Arginina/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Colágeno/farmacologia , GMP Cíclico/sangue , Feminino , Fibrinogênio/metabolismo , Humanos , Inflamação/sangue , Falência Renal Crônica/enzimologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/biossíntese , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/sangue , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/biossíntese , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/sangue , Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos dos fármacos
6.
Hypertens Res ; 33(9): 899-904, 2010 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20555333

RESUMO

Nitric oxide (NO) is a short-lived intercellular messenger that provides an efficient vascular regulatory mechanism to support homeostasis and prevent thrombosis. Endothelial dysfunction and reduced NO bioavailability have a central role in hypertension associated with pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of pregnancy on the L-arginine-NO-cGMP pathway in platelets and its correlation to platelet function and blood pressure in normotensive rats and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Platelets were obtained from blood on the 20th day of pregnancy from female SHRs (SHR-P) and normotensive controls (P) or age-matched nonpregnant rats (SHR-NP and NP). Intraplatelet NO synthase (NOS) activity was reduced in P compared to NP, despite unchanged L-arginine influx. The expression levels of endothelial NOS (eNOS) and inducible NOS (iNOS) were diminished during pregnancy in normotensive rats. Paradoxically, cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) levels were similar between NP and P, as were phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) expression and platelet aggregation induced by adenosine diphosphate. In SHRs, L-arginine influx was reduced in SHR-P compared to SHR-NP. SHR-P exhibited impaired NOS activity and reduced iNOS expression compared with SHR-NP. Soluble guanylyl cyclase and PDE5 expression in platelets were lower in SHR-P than in SHR-NP, whereas no differences were noted between groups with respect to cGMP levels. However, increased levels of cGMP were observed in SHR-P compared to normotensive groups and platelet aggregability remained unaltered. In conclusion, these observations prompted the hypothesis that normal platelet aggregation in pregnant SHRs may be related to a reduction in PDE5 expression and consequently the maintenance of cGMP levels, independently of reduced platelet NO bioavailability.


Assuntos
Arginina/metabolismo , GMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Hipertensão/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Animais , Arginina/fisiologia , Plaquetas/enzimologia , GMP Cíclico/análise , GMP Cíclico/fisiologia , Nucleotídeo Cíclico Fosfodiesterase do Tipo 5/análise , Feminino , Guanilato Ciclase/análise , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Óxido Nítrico/fisiologia , Óxido Nítrico Sintase/análise , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/análise , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/análise , Agregação Plaquetária , Gravidez , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos SHR , Ratos Wistar
7.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2010. 129 p. tab.
Tese em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-591094

RESUMO

A Insuficiência renal crônica (IRC) e a hipertensão arterial sistêmica (HAS) são patologias com alta morbidade e mortalidade, consumindo grandes verbas de saúde pública. A disfunção endotelial presente tanto na IRC, como na hipertensão, contribui para a manutenção de elevada resistência periférica, favorecendo complicações como a aterosclerose. Esta disfunção endotelial é parte de um estado pró-trombótico, levando à ocorrência de eventos cardiovasculares, principal causa de morte nestas patologias. O óxido nítrico (NO) tem um papel importante na modulação da atividade plaquetária. Anormalidades na síntese e/ou inativação do NO são descritas tanto na insuficiência renal crônica como na hipertensão. Estudos prévios demonstraram uma redução do influxo de L-arginina em eritrócitos e plaquetas de pacientes hipertensos e em um modelo animal de hipertensão. Além disso, em IRC, nosso grupo mostrou uma ativação da via L-arginina-NO em plaquetas. O objetivo dessa tese é avaliar a via L-arginina-NO na HAS e em diferentes estágios de IRC, bem como investigar o ciclo da uréia, e a presença de marcadores de estresse nesses pacientes. De acordo com o presente estudo pôde-se verificar que não houve alteração na síntese de NO em eritrócitos na hipertensão, todavia ocorre uma ativação do ciclo da uréia, que pode ser dada pelo aumento do influxo de L-arginina eritrocitário previamente demonstrado. Não foi demonstrada diferença significativa na peroxidação lipídica sistêmica, em plaquetas ou eritrócitos na HAS. Em plaquetas, no entanto, houve uma redução da atividade da NO sintase (NOS), que não foi acompanhada por alteração da expressão das isoformas da NOS, da arginase, da fosfodiesterase 5 (PDE5) ou da guanilato ciclase (GC) solúvel. Essa redução na síntese de NO em plaquetas pode ser explicada por um menor influxo de L-arginina que está presente na hipertensão. Os eritrócitos de pacientes renais crônicos em hemodiálise mostraram um maior influxo de L-arginina...


Chronic renal failure (CRF) and essential hypertension (EH) are diseases associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality, consuming huge amounts of money from the public health system. The endothelial dysfunction existent in both diseases, CRF and EH, contributes to the maintenance of the high peripheral resistance, and contribute to circulatory complications such as atherosclerosis. This endothelial dysfunction is part of a pro-thrombotic state, leading to cardiovascular events, which are the major cause of death in these disorders. Nitric oxide (NO) plays an important role in the modulation of platelet function. Abnormalities of NO synthesis or inactivation are described in CRF and EH. It was previously reported an inhibition of L-arginine transport in erythrocytes of hypertensive patients and in an animal model of hypertension. Moreover, we have also demonstrated an activation of L-arginine-NO pathway in platelets taken from uraemic patients. The aim of the present thesis is to investigate L-arginine-NO pathway in arterial hypertension and in different stages of chronic renal failure. It will also be evaluated urea cycle and the presence of oxidative stress markers in these patients. According to the present study it was not detected any alteration in erythrocytes NO synthesis in hypertension, however, there was an activation of urea cycle, which could be explained by an increase in L-arginine influx. The present study has not demonstrated significative difference in markers of lipid peroxidation in the serum, platelets or erythrocytes in hypertension. In platelets however, there was an inhibition of NO synthase (NOS) activity without any alterations of NOS isoforms, arginase, phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) or soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) expression. This reduction of NO synthesis may be explained by a lower influx of L-arginine that is present on hypertension. Erythrocytes from chronic renal failure patients under haemodyalysis...


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Arginina/farmacologia , Arginina/metabolismo , Arginina/sangue , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia , Óxido Nítrico Sintase/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/sangue , Ativação Plaquetária , Eritrócitos/metabolismo , Plaquetas/metabolismo
8.
Psicol. reflex. crit ; 22(1): 60-68, 2009. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: psi-44411

RESUMO

O presente estudo objetivou avaliar o efeito do treino de controle de stress (TCS) em um grupo de pacientes hipertensas. Utilizou-se como critério para avaliação alterações na via L-arginina-óxido nítrico (NO). Participaram do estudo mulheres hipertensas (n=44) e normotensas (n=25), sendo que o TCS em grupo foi administrado em 14 hipertensas, observando-se as mudanças no nível de stress e no transporte da L-arginina. Em hipertensão, o transporte de L-arginina, através do sistema y+L, mostrou-se reduzido, assim como o transporte de L-arginina pelos sistemas y+L e y+ em pacientes hipertensas estressadas quando comparadas com normotensas estressadas. A redução do stress pelo TCS em hipertensas estressadas, restaurou o transporte de L-arginina através do sistema y+ em níveis observados em pacientes hipertensas não-estressadas.(AU)


The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of stress management training in a group of hypertensive patients. Alterations of L-arginine-nitric oxide (NO) pathway were used as an evaluation criterion. Hypertensive (n=44) and normotensive (n=25) women participated in this study, and the stress management training was performed with a group of 14 hypertensive patients, observing the changes in the stress level and in L-arginine transport. In hypertension, the transport of L-arginine, via system y+, was reduced. Moreover, stressed hypertensive patients had a reduction of L-arginine transport by both systems, y+ and y+L, compared to stressed normotensive patients. The reduction of stress with stress management training in stressed hypertensive patients restored the transport of L-arginine via system y+ to the same levels of non-stressed hypertensive patients.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Fisiológico/prevenção & controle , Arginina , Hipertensão/psicologia
9.
Psicol. reflex. crit ; 22(1): 60-68, 2009. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-517379

RESUMO

O presente estudo objetivou avaliar o efeito do treino de controle de stress (TCS) em um grupo de pacientes hipertensas. Utilizou-se como critério para avaliação alterações na via L-arginina-óxido nítrico (NO). Participaram do estudo mulheres hipertensas (n=44) e normotensas (n=25), sendo que o TCS em grupo foi administrado em 14 hipertensas, observando-se as mudanças no nível de stress e no transporte da L-arginina. Em hipertensão, o transporte de L-arginina, através do sistema y+L, mostrou-se reduzido, assim como o transporte de L-arginina pelos sistemas y+L e y+ em pacientes hipertensas estressadas quando comparadas com normotensas estressadas. A redução do stress pelo TCS em hipertensas estressadas, restaurou o transporte de L-arginina através do sistema y+ em níveis observados em pacientes hipertensas não-estressadas.


The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of stress management training in a group of hypertensive patients. Alterations of L-arginine-nitric oxide (NO) pathway were used as an evaluation criterion. Hypertensive (n=44) and normotensive (n=25) women participated in this study, and the stress management training was performed with a group of 14 hypertensive patients, observing the changes in the stress level and in L-arginine transport. In hypertension, the transport of L-arginine, via system y+, was reduced. Moreover, stressed hypertensive patients had a reduction of L-arginine transport by both systems, y+ and y+L, compared to stressed normotensive patients. The reduction of stress with stress management training in stressed hypertensive patients restored the transport of L-arginine via system y+ to the same levels of non-stressed hypertensive patients.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Arginina , Hipertensão/psicologia , Estresse Fisiológico
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