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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33179265

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We aimed to give a global overview of trends in access to sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and what is being done to mitigate its impact. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a descriptive analysis and content analysis based on an online survey among clinicians, researchers, and organizations. Our data were extracted from multiple-choice questions on access to SRHR services and risk of SRHR violations, and written responses to open-ended questions on threats to access and required response. RESULTS: The survey was answered by 51 people representing 29 countries. Eighty-six percent reported that access to contraceptive services was less or much less because of COVID-19, corresponding figures for surgical and medical abortion were 62% and 46%. The increased risk of gender-based and sexual violence was assessed as moderate or severe by 79%. Among countries with mildly restrictive abortion policies, 69% had implemented changes to facilitate access to abortion during the pandemic, compared with none among countries with severe restrictions (P < .001), 87.5% compared with 46% had implemented changes to facilitate access to contraception (P = .023). The content analysis showed that (a) prioritizations in health service delivery at the expense of SRHR, (b) lack of political will, (c) the detrimental effect of lockdown, and (d) the suspension of sexual education, were threats to SRHR access (theme 1). Requirements to mitigate these threats (theme 2) were (a) political will and support of universal access to SRH services, (b) the sensitization of providers, (c) free public transport, and (d) physical protective equipment. A contrasting third theme was the state of exception of the COVID-19 pandemic as a window of opportunity to push forward women's health and rights. CONCLUSIONS: Many countries have seen decreased access to and increased violations of SRHR during the COVID-19 pandemic. Countries with severe restrictions on abortion seem less likely to have implemented changes to SRHR delivery to mitigate this impact. Political will to support the advancement of SRHR is often lacking, which is fundamental to ensuring both continued access and, in a minority of cases, the solidification of gains made to SRHR during the pandemic.

2.
Rev. centroam. obstet. ginecol ; 21(1): 15-17, ene.-mar. 2016. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-835856

RESUMO

Se denomina gastrosquisis al prolapso prenatal del intestino hacia la cavidad amniótica a través de un pequeño defecto de todos los planos de la pared abdominal, ubicado generalmente a la derecha del cordón umbilical. Su prevalencia está incrementándose progresivamente en las últimas décadas, desde un caso por cada 10.000 nacidos vivos en los años setenta, hasta uno por cada 2.500 en la actualidad. La gastrosquisis suele presentarse de forma aislada y esporádica y asociada a malformaciones congénitas...


Assuntos
Humanos , Anormalidades Congênitas/diagnóstico , Anormalidades Congênitas/genética , Gastrosquise/complicações , Gastrosquise/etiologia , Técnicas
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