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1.
Heart Fail Rev ; 2019 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31327115

RESUMO

In clinical practice heart failure (HF) patients are generally classified on the basis of left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction. This approach, however, has important limitations. According to the definition of HF as a clinical syndrome that results from any impairment of LV filling or ejection of blood, a more articulated hemodynamic categorization of HF patients taking into account both LV forward flow and filling pressure would be desirable. However, the reliability of hemodynamic measures using echocardiographic techniques, which are the most used in current clinical practice for evaluation of HF patients, needs to be clarified. The aim of this article, therefore, is to verify whether echocardiography has acceptable feasibility, accuracy and reproducibility for the noninvasive evaluation of LV hemodynamics. This evaluation is necessary to progress to a hemodynamic characterization of HF patients that would ultimately overcome the HF classification based on ejection fraction.

2.
Rev Port Cardiol ; 38(6): 441-447, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31303467

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a myocardial disease that can progress to a terminal stage, requiring heart transplantation. In this work we aim to contribute to knowledge of genetic variants in adult patients undergoing heart transplantation due to end-stage DCM, reporting the results obtained in our single-center tertiary hospital series using target next-generation sequencing (NGS). METHODS AND RESULTS: Genetic variants were screened in 15 genes, preselected based on variants previously identified in DCM patients. Thirteen unrelated patients were included, nine (69%) male, mean age at diagnosis 33±13 years, eight (62%) with familial DCM. Nine genetic variants were identified in six (46%) patients: five in LMNA, two in LBD3, one in TNNT2 and one in TCAP. These variants were new in most patients. The majority were classified as of uncertain significance. Two patients were double and triple heterozygotes in the LBD3 and LMNA genes, respectively. CONCLUSION: Our results highlight the potential of NGS in the genetic characterization of DCM patients. LMNA is one of the most frequently mutated genes and should be included in all target gene assessments of end-stage DCM patients until more data are available.

3.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 21(5): 553-576, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30989768

RESUMO

Cardiomyopathies are a heterogeneous group of heart muscle diseases and an important cause of heart failure (HF). Current knowledge on incidence, pathophysiology and natural history of HF in cardiomyopathies is limited, and distinct features of their therapeutic responses have not been systematically addressed. Therefore, this position paper focuses on epidemiology, pathophysiology, natural history and latest developments in treatment of HF in patients with dilated (DCM), hypertrophic (HCM) and restrictive (RCM) cardiomyopathies. In DCM, HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) has high incidence and prevalence and represents the most frequent cause of death, despite improvements in treatment. In addition, advanced HF in DCM is one of the leading indications for heart transplantation. In HCM, HF with preserved ejection (HFpEF) affects most patients with obstructive, and ∼10% of patients with non-obstructive HCM. A timely treatment is important, since development of advanced HF, although rare in HCM, portends a poor prognosis. In RCM, HFpEF is common, while HFrEF occurs later and more frequently in amyloidosis or iron overload/haemochromatosis. Irrespective of RCM aetiology, HF is a harbinger of a poor outcome. Recent advances in our understanding of the mechanisms underlying the development of HF in cardiomyopathies have significant implications for therapeutic decision-making. In addition, new aetiology-specific treatment options (e.g. enzyme replacement therapy, transthyretin stabilizers, immunoadsorption, immunotherapy, etc.) have shown a potential to improve outcomes. Still, causative therapies of many cardiomyopathies are lacking, highlighting the need for the development of effective strategies to prevent and treat HF in cardiomyopathies.

4.
J Craniomaxillofac Surg ; 46(11): 1943-1952, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30249483

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review of the viscosupplementation effectiveness with hyaluronic acid (HA) in the articular Temporomandibular Dysfunctions (TMDs) clinical management. METHOD: Electronic searches were performed in the following databases: MEDLINE (via PubMed), Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, LILACS, BBO, SIGLE (System for Information on Grey Literature in Europe), ClinicalTrials.gov, and the Brazilian Clinical Trials Registry (ReBec). Only randomized clinical trials that evaluated the intra-articular administration of HA or its derivatives in osteoarthritis and/or anterior displacement of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disc were included. The primary outcomes evaluated were patients' self-report of pain and/or discomfort in the TMJ. Each study was assessed for the risk of bias, using the Cochrane collaboration's risk of bias tool. RESULTS: A total of 640 studies were obtained in the electronic search. After the application of the eligibility criteria, manual search, and duplicate removal, 21 articles were included. Five articles classified their volunteers with internal derangements of the TMJ, in 4 articles the treatment was directed to participants with disc displacement with reduction and the other articles evaluated HA therapy in osteoarthritis. The protocols presented heterogeneity, varying in the form of application, associated or not with arthrocentesis, number of applications, molecular weight, dose and concentration. Nine studies presented high risk of bias. CONCLUSION: Due to the heterogeneity and methodological inconsistencies of the studies evaluated, it was not possible to establish the efficacy of HA in articular TMDs.

5.
PLoS One ; 13(5): e0197834, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29782537

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence of changes in vibration detection and pressure pain threshold in patients with burning-mouth syndrome (BMS). DESIGN OF THE STUDY: Case-control study. The sample was composed of 30 volunteers, 15 with BMS and 15 in the control group. The pressure-pain threshold (PPT) and vibration-detection threshold (VDT) were examined. The clinical evaluation was complemented with the McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ), Douleur Neuropathique 4 (DN4) and Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories (BDI and BAI, respectively). RESULTS: BMS subjects showed a statistically significant higher PPT in the tongue (p = 0.002), right (p = 0.001) and left (p = 0.004) face, and a significant reduction of the VDT in the tongue (p = 0.013) and right face (p = 0.030). Significant differences were also found when comparing the PPT and the VDT of distinct anatomical areas. However, a significant interaction (group × location) was only for the PPT. BMS subjects also showed significantly higher levels of depression (p = 0.01), as measured by the BDI, compared to controls; and a significant inverse correlation between the VDT in the left face and anxiety levels was detected. CONCLUSIONS: The study of somatosensory changes in BMS and its correlations with the clinical features as well as the levels of anxiety and depression expands current understanding of the neuropathic origin and the possible contribution of psychogenic factors related to this disease.


Assuntos
Síndrome da Ardência Bucal/psicologia , Limiar da Dor , Pressão , Vibração , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
6.
Front Pharmacol ; 8: 790, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29209204

RESUMO

Although pain is a widely known phenomenon and an important clinical symptom that occurs in numerous diseases, its mechanisms are still barely understood. Owing to the scarce information concerning its pathophysiology, particularly what is involved in the transition from an acute state to a chronic condition, pain treatment is frequently unsatisfactory, therefore contributing to the amplification of the chronic pain burden. In fact, pain is an extremely complex experience that demands the recruitment of an intricate set of central nervous system components. This includes cortical and subcortical areas involved in interpretation of the general characteristics of noxious stimuli. It also comprises neural circuits that process the motivational-affective dimension of pain. Hence, the reward circuitry represents a vital element for pain experience and modulation. This review article focuses on the interpretation of the extensive data available connecting the major components of the reward circuitry to pain suffering, including the nucleus accumbens, ventral tegmental area, and the medial prefrontal cortex; with especial attention dedicated to the evaluation of neuroplastic changes affecting these structures found in chronic pain syndromes, such as migraine, trigeminal neuropathic pain, chronic back pain, and fibromyalgia.

7.
Rev Port Cardiol ; 36(10): 709-716, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28989069

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Biomarkers in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) reflect various pathobiological processes, including neurohormonal activation, oxidative stress, matrix remodeling, myocyte injury and myocyte stretch. We assessed the role of biomarkers in clinical and echocardiographic parameters and in left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling (LVRR). METHODS: In this prospective study of 50 DCM patients (28 men, aged 59±10 years) with LV ejection fraction (LVEF) <40%, LVRR was defined as an increase of >10 U in LVEF after optimal medical therapy. RESULTS: Baseline LVEF was 25.4±9.8% and LV end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD)/body surface area (BSA) was 34.2±4.5 mm/m2. LVRR occurred in 34% of patients within 17.6±15.6 months. No correlation was found between B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), CA-125, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)], noradrenaline, adrenaline, renin or aldosterone and LVRR. Patients in NYHA class III or IV, with pulmonary congestion or ankle edema, had higher CA-125, cystatin C, BNP and hs-CRP levels (p<0.05). CA-125 was correlated with BNP (r=0.61), hs-CRP (r=0.56) and uric acid (r=0.52) (all p=0.01). BNP correlated directly with LVEDD (r=0.49), LV volumes (r=0.51), pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) (r=0.43) and E/e' (r=0.31), and was inversely correlated with LVEF (r=-0.50) and e' velocity (r=-0.32) (p<0.05). CA-125 was positively correlated with left atrial volume/BSA (r=0.46), E/A ratio (r=0.60) and PASP (r=0.49) (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: No correlation was found between biomarkers and LVRR, but CA-125, BNP and hs-CRP were predictors of clinical severity and congestion. BNP correlated with parameters of systolic and diastolic dysfunction, while CA-125 correlated with measures of diastolic dysfunction.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/sangue , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia , Remodelação Ventricular , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
9.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 33(5): 605-613, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28013418

RESUMO

In idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), myocardial deformational parameters and their relationships remain incompletely characterized. We measured those parameters in patients with DCM, during left ventricular reverse remodeling (LVRR). Prospective study of 50 DCM patients (in sinus rhythm), with left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) <40%. LVRR was defined as an increase of ten units of EF and decrease of diastolic left ventricular diameter (LVDD) in the absence of resynchronization therapy. Performed morphological analysis, myocardial performance quantification (LV and RV Tei indexes) and LV averaged peak systolic longitudinal strain (SSR long) and circumferential strain (SSR circ). At baseline, mean EF was 25.4 ± 9.8%, LVDD was 62.4 ± 7.4 mm, LVDD/BSA of 34.2 ± 4.5 mm/m2 and 34% had MR grade >II/IV. LVRR occurred in 34% of patients within 17.6 ± 15.6 months and was associated with a reduced rate of death or heart failure hospitalization (5.9% vs. 33.3; p = 0.03). Patients with LVRR had a final EF of 48.9 ± 7.9% (Δ LV EF of 22.4%) and there was a significant decrease (p < 0.05) in: LVDD/BSA, LV systolic diameter/BSA, LV diastolic volume, LV systolic volume, LV mass; an increase (p < 0.05) in sphericity index. However, measures of diastolic function (LA volume/BSA, e'velocity and' E/e'ratio), final LV and RV Tei indexes were not significantly different from baseline. Additionally, final SSR circ and SSR long values were not different from basal. Patients who recovered EF >50% (n = 10), SSR circ and SSR long were inferior to normal. Improvement in EF occurred in one-third of DCM pts and was associated with a decrease of major cardiac events. There was an improvement of diastolic and systolic volumes and in sphericity index, confirming truly LV reverse reshaping. However, myocardial performance indexes, SSR long and SSR circ in reverse-remodeled DCM were still abnormal, suggesting a maintained myocardial systolic and diastolic dysfunction.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Remodelação Ventricular , Adulto , Idoso , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/complicações , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/tratamento farmacológico , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Diástole , Progressão da Doença , Ecocardiografia Doppler de Pulso , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Volume Sistólico , Sístole , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/tratamento farmacológico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos , Remodelação Ventricular/efeitos dos fármacos
10.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2017. 38 p. ilus, tab.
Tese em Português | BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-916166

RESUMO

Objetivo: Investigar a presença de alterações na sensibilidade vibratória e à pressão, em pacientes com síndrome de ardência bucal (SAB). Desenho do estudo: Caso-controle. A amostra foi de 30 voluntários, 15 com SAB e 15 do grupo-controle. Foram estudados os limiares de sensibilidade vibratória (LDV) e de dor à pressão (LDP). A avaliação clínica foi realizada pelos questionários de dor McGill e DN4 e pelos inventários de depressão (BDI) e de ansiedade (BAI) de Beck. Resultados: Indivíduos com SAB apresentaram um aumento estatisticamente significativo do LDP na língua (p = 0.002), na face direita (p = 0.001) e na face esquerda (p = 0.004) e uma redução significativa do LDV na língua (p = 0.013) e na face direita (p = 0.030). Foram encontrados níveis de depressão significativamente maiores no grupo de pacientes com SAB (p = 0.01) e uma correlação significativa inversa entre os níveis de ansiedade e o LVD da face esquerda. Conclusões: O estudo das alterações do sistema somatossensitivo na SAB e suas correlações com aspectos clínicos e níveis de depressão e ansiedade associados, permitem uma expansão do conhecimento atual do conhecimento atual sobre a origem neuropática e presença dos fatores psicogênicos associados à essa desordem. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Síndrome da Ardência Bucal/etiologia , Síndrome da Ardência Bucal/psicologia , Medição da Dor , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Depressão/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 43(6): 466-471, Nov.-Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-842626

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the frequency of keratocystic odontogenic tumor (KOT) in the Oral Surgery Service (OSS) of the University Hospital Clementino Fraga Filho of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (HUCFF / UFRJ), with respect to recurrence rate, gender, age of recurrence and location of the injury Methods: clinical records were reviewed and histopathological reports of KOT patients of the HUCFF/UFRJ between 2002 and 2012. Patients diagnosed with KOT were divided into two groups for the occurrence of relapse: positive (n=6) and negative (n=19) Results: regarding the location, there was a predilection for the mandible. In the average age of patients in the positive group was 40.5 and the negative group, 35.53. In the distribution by gender, positive group showed equal distribution, different from that observed in the negative group, which showed a predilection for males Conclusion: KOT was the second most frequent injury in our patients, recurrence was lower among males and had the jaw as most affected location


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a frequência do tumor odontogênico ceratocístico (TOC) no Serviço de Cirurgia Oral (SCO) do Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (HUCFF/UFRJ), no que diz respeito à taxa de recidiva, ao sexo, à idade de recorrência e à localização da lesão. Métodos: foram examinados os prontuários clínicos e laudos histopatológicos de pacientes do SCO do HUCFF/UFRJ no período de 2002 a 2012. Os pacientes diagnosticados com TOC foram divididos em dois grupos quanto à ocorrência de recidiva: positivo (n=6) e negativo (n=19) . Resultados: com relação à localização, houve predileção pela mandíbula. Em relação à média de idade dos pacientes, no grupo positivo foi 40,5, e no grupo negativo, de 35,53. Na distribuição por sexo, o grupo positivo apresentou distribuição igualitária, diferentemente do observado no grupo negativo, em que predominou o sexo masculino. Conclusões: o TOC representou a segunda lesão mais frequente em nossos pacientes, tem menor recidiva no sexo masculino e tem a mandíbula como localização mais acometida.

12.
Rev Port Cardiol ; 35(5): 253-60, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27118094

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cardiac remodeling is manifested as changes in size, shape and function of the heart. We studied the prevalence, prognosis and predictors of left ventricular reverse remodeling (LVRR) in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) after optimized medical therapy. METHODS: A total of 113 IDCM patients were followed for 7.1±5.6 years. LVRR was defined as an increase of 10 units in ejection fraction (EF) and decrease in left ventricular diastolic diameter (LVDD), in the absence of resynchronization therapy. RESULTS: Baseline EF was 27±8% and LVDD index was 37.1±6.3 mm/m(2). LVRR occurred in 34.5% within 22.6 months. Final EF was 47.5±10.1%, LVDD index was 30.2±3.9 mm/m(2). LVRR was associated with better NYHA class (I-II) and lower BNP (p<0.01) and all patients were alive. Univariate predictive factors of LVRR (p<0.05) were mild hypertension, atrial fibrillation, ventricular hypertrophy on ECG, absence of left bundle branch block, shorter QRS duration, higher hematocrit, lower LVDD index, higher peak oxygen uptake efficiency (VO2/log 10[VE]) and lower dVE/VCO2/VO2, treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI)/angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) and use of maximal doses of ACEI/ARB and beta-blockers. Multivariate regression analysis showed that higher doses of ACEI/ARB (OR: 0.32, 95% CI 0.11-0.92) were independently associated with LVRR. Non-transmural late enhancement on cardiac MRI was not a predictor of LVRR. CONCLUSIONS: LVRR occurred in one third of IDCM patients, especially in those with mild hypertension and with less advanced disease, who may have benefited from maximal drug titration.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Dilatada , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Remodelação Ventricular , Ecocardiografia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Prevalência , Prognóstico
13.
Rev Col Bras Cir ; 43(6): 466-471, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28273221

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the frequency of keratocystic odontogenic tumor (KOT) in the Oral Surgery Service (OSS) of the University Hospital Clementino Fraga Filho of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (HUCFF / UFRJ), with respect to recurrence rate, gender, age of recurrence and location of the injury Methods: clinical records were reviewed and histopathological reports of KOT patients of the HUCFF/UFRJ between 2002 and 2012. Patients diagnosed with KOT were divided into two groups for the occurrence of relapse: positive (n=6) and negative (n=19) Results: regarding the location, there was a predilection for the mandible. In the average age of patients in the positive group was 40.5 and the negative group, 35.53. In the distribution by gender, positive group showed equal distribution, different from that observed in the negative group, which showed a predilection for males Conclusion: KOT was the second most frequent injury in our patients, recurrence was lower among males and had the jaw as most affected location.


Assuntos
Tumores Odontogênicos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Tumores Odontogênicos/patologia , Tumores Odontogênicos/terapia
14.
Cardiology ; 128(4): 320-6, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24924145

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the prognostic significance of iron deficiency (ID) in a chronic heart failure (CHF) outpatient population. METHODS AND RESULTS: We prospectively evaluated 127 patients with stable CHF and left ventricular ejection fraction ≤45%. Clinical and analytical data as well as information regarding the occurrence of the composite endpoint of overall mortality and nonfatal cardiovascular events were assessed. Among the 127 patients enrolled [81% men, median age: 62 years (25th-75th percentile: 53-68)], 46 (36%) patients had ID. Women, patients with higher plasma brain natriuretic peptide levels (>400 pg/ml) and with right ventricular systolic dysfunction presented ID more frequently (p < 0.05 for all). At 225 ± 139 days of follow-up, the composite endpoint occurred in 15 (12%) patients. It was more frequent in ID (24 vs. 5%, p = 0.001) and anemic patients (25 vs. 8%, p = 0.014). In a Cox regression analysis, ID was associated with a higher likelihood of composite endpoint occurrence (HR 5.00, 95% CI 1.59-15.78, p = 0.006). In a multivariable analysis adjusted for clinical variables, including the presence of anemia, ID remained a significant predictor of the composite endpoint (HR 5.38, 95% CI 1.54-18.87, p = 0.009). CONCLUSION: In a CHF outpatient population, ID carried a higher risk of unfavorable outcome, irrespectively of the presence of anemia.


Assuntos
Anemia/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Ferro/deficiência , Idoso , Anemia/epidemiologia , Doença Crônica , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Humanos , Ferro/sangue , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Transferrina/análise
15.
J Craniofac Surg ; 25(3): 1108-10, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24799100

RESUMO

The control of hypertensive patients' blood pressure and heart rate using vasoconstrictors during surgical procedures under anesthesia is still a major concern in everyday surgical practice. This clinical trial aimed to evaluate the variation of blood pressure and heart rate in nonhypertensive and controlled hypertensive voluntary subjects undergoing oral surgery under local anesthesia with lidocaine hydrochloride and epinephrine at 1:100,000 (Alphacaine; DFL, Brazil), performed in the Oral Surgery Department, Dentistry School, Fluminense Federal University. In total, 25 voluntary subjects were divided into 2 groups: nonhypertensive (n = 15) and controlled hypertensives (n = 10). Blood pressure and heart rate were measured at 4 different times: T0, in the waiting room; T1, after placement of the surgical drapes; T2, 10 minutes after anesthesia injection; and T3, at the end of the surgical procedure. A statistically significant difference (P < 0.05) between the groups was found at times T0 and T2 for the systolic pressure but only at time T0 for the diastolic pressure. The assessment of the heart rate of both groups showed a statistically significant difference (P < 0.05) at time T1. An analysis of the employed anesthetic volume indicated no statistically significant difference (P > 0.05) between the amount administered to nonhypertensive and hypertensive subjects. It was concluded that the local anesthetics studied could safely be used in controlled hypertensive and nonhypertensive patients in compliance with the maximum recommended doses.


Assuntos
Anestésicos Locais/farmacologia , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Epinefrina/farmacologia , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Lidocaína/farmacologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Bucais/métodos , Adulto , Anestesia Local/métodos , Brasil , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca/efeitos dos fármacos , Hemodinâmica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vasoconstritores/administração & dosagem , Adulto Jovem
17.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 15(9): 947-59, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23787723

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this document was to obtain a real-life contemporary analysis of the demographics and heart failure (HF) statistics, as well as the organization and major activities of the Heart Failure National Societies (HFNS) in European Society of Cardiology (ESC) member countries. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data from 33 countries were collected from HFNS presidents/representatives during the first Heart Failure Association HFNS Summit (Belgrade, Serbia, 29 October 2011). Data on incidence and/or prevalence of HF were available for 22 countries, and the prevalence of HF ranged between 1% and 3%. In five European and one non-European ESC country, heart transplantation was reported as not available. Natriuretic peptides and echocardiography are routinely applied in the management of acute HF in the median of 80% and 90% of centres, respectively. Eastern European and Mediterranean countries have lower availability of natriuretic peptide testing for acute HF patients, compared with other European countries. Almost all countries have organizations dealing specifically with HF. HFNS societies for HF patients exist in only 12, while in 16 countries HF patient education programmes are active. Most HFNS reported that no national HF registry exists in their country. Fifteen HFNS produced national HF guidelines, while 19 have translated the ESC HF guidelines. Most HFNS (n = 23) participated in the organization of the European HF Awareness Day. CONCLUSION: This document demonstrated significant heterogeneity in the organization of HF management, and activities of the national HF working groups/associations. High availability of natriuretic peptide and echocardiographic measurements was revealed, with differences between developed countries and countries in transition.


Assuntos
Cardiologia/organização & administração , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Sociedades Médicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento Cooperativo , Gerenciamento Clínico , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Humanos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Prevalência , Sistema de Registros
19.
Case Rep Cardiol ; 2012: 451375, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24826251

RESUMO

We present a case of a patient with known complete congenital atrioventricular block (CAVB) since the age of 7 years old that developed dilated cardiomyopathy ten years after VVI-R pacemaker implantation. He presented severe biventricular dysfunction and was symptomatic despite optimal medical therapy. Cardiac resynchronization therapy was used, and he showed clinical and electrocardiographic improvement a month later.

20.
Rev. bras. colo-proctol ; 30(4): 414-418, out.-dez. 2010. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-589137

RESUMO

INTRODUÇÃO: A constipação crônica é doença comum na infância, ocorrendo em 5 a 10 por cento dos pacientes pediátricos, considerada a segunda maior causa de procura nos consultórios de pediatria, sendo a encoprese decorrente de constipação grave associada à impactação fecal no reto. Dentre os exames diagnósticos, a manometria anal é utilizada para a avaliação de pacientes com distúrbios funcionais, como a constipação intestinal e a incontinência fecal, em alguns serviços para a avaliação de pacientes com encoprese, pois pode trazer informações sobre o mecanismo evacuatório e possíveis lesões esfincterianas anais. OBJETIVO: Verificar alterações manométricas em pacientes com encoprese. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado estudo de 40 manometrias anais de crianças constipadas com encoprese (G1) e 12 crianças constipados sem encoprese (G2). Foram obtidos os seguintes dados: pressões de repouso, contração e evacuação do canal anal e ampola retal, ponto de maior pressão, reflexo inibitório anal e sensibilidade retal. As manometrias foram realizadas com o aparelho Alacer de perfusão com 8 canais. RESULTADOS: Não foram encontradas diferenças nas pressões de repouso, contração e evacuação do canal anal entre os grupos. Chamou-nos a atenção a ausência de necessidade de maior volume retal para desencadear o reflexo inibitório anal. Não houve diferença da incidência de anismus entre os dois grupos, demonstrando que não se trata de fator importante na manutenção da encoprese, mas sim da constipação. CONCLUSÃO: Não houve necessidade de maior volume para desencadear o reflexo inibitório anal. O anismus não foi diferente entre os dois grupos, não sendo importante na manutenção da encoprese.


INTRODUCTION: Chronic constipation is a common childhood disorder that affects 5 to 10 percent of pediatric patients, being the second most common cause for seeking medical help, with the encopresis arising out of severe constipation being associated with fecal impaction in the rectum. Among diagnostic exams, anal manometry is used to evaluate patients with functional disorders such as constipation and fecal incontinence, and in some procedures for the evaluation of patients suffering from encopresis, as it provides information on the defecation mechanism and any potential anal sphincter injuries. OBJECTIVE: To verify manometric alterations in patients with encopresis. METHODS: A study was conducted based on 40 anal manometries of constipated children with encopresis (G1) and 12 constipated children without encopresis (G2). The following data were obtained: pressure at rest, contraction and evacuation of the anal canal and the rectal ampulla, point of highest pressure, anal inhibitory reflex and rectal sensitivity. The manometries were performed with an 8-channel perfusion device manufactured by Alacer. DISCUSSION: No differences were found with respect for pressures at rest, contraction and evacuation of the anal canal between groups. Our attention was drawn to the lack of need for an increased rectal volume to trigger the anal inhibitory reflex. There was no difference in the incidence of anismus between groups, which shows that it is not a relevant factor in the maintenance of the encopresis, but of constipation. CONCLUSION: An increase in rectal volume was not required to trigger the anal inhibitory reflex. Anismus was not different in the two groups, being unimportant in the maintenance of encopresis.


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Constipação Intestinal , Encoprese , Incontinência Fecal , Manometria
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